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Cervix cancer prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325528/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-women-visiting-primary-health-care-centres-in-bahrain
#1
Ghufran Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid, Huda A Al Nasheet
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been possible with opportunistic screening and its low use in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women attending primary care health centres for cervical cancer screening. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 women attending primary health care centres in Bahrain...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319395/initial-report-of-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-during-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-using-a-new-gamma-probe-technology
#2
Shinichi Togami, Toshihiko Kawamura, Mika Fukuda, Shintaro Yanazume, Masaki Kamio, Hiroaki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The standard surgical procedure for early-stage cervical cancer is abdominal radical hysterectomy, including pelvic lymphadenectomy. Currently, minimally invasive surgical techniques for early cervical cancer are progressing; total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) is a possible alternative to abdominal surgery. In addition, sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS), which can prevent lower limb edema, has been widely used for radical hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A radioisotope is injected into the uterine cervix 1 day preoperatively and surgeons carefully identify the correct sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) to prevent picking up the cervical gamma rays during surgery...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303407/vaginoplasty-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-after-radical-resection-for-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#3
Zhi Wang, Jiuzuo Huang, Ang Zeng, Ming Wu, Xiaojun Wang
Various methods are available for vaginoplasty, but many of them have the drawbacks including surgical complexity and postoperative pain at the donor site. We herein evaluated the outcomes of vaginoplasty using tissue-engineered biomaterial graft. This study included 16 early stage cervical cancer patients who received curative surgery in combination with radiotherapy. They underwent vaginoplasty with tissue-engineered biological material, acellular dermal matrix (ADM). After treatment, a vaginal dilator was advised to be used for 6 months to prevent contraction of vagina...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285322/hpv-infection-in-the-oral-cavity-epidemiology-clinical-manifestations-and-relationship-with-oral-cancer
#4
REVIEW
V Candotto, D Lauritano, M Nardone, L Baggi, C Arcuri, R Gatto, R M Gaudio, F Spadari, F Carinci
Purpose: The aim of this paper is to describe epidemiology and clinical manifestations of oral infection by Human papillomavirus (HPV), with particular attention to potential malignant lesions. Materials and methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to describe the state of the art about HPV infection in oropharyngeal mucosa and its modalities of transmission, with particular attention to possible simultaneous infection in multiple anatomic sites...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251607/revisiting-new-zealand-s-unfortunate-experiment-is-medical-ethics-ever-a-thing-done
#5
Sharon Batt
An experiment dating from the 1960s in New Zealand has eerie similarities to research begun in 1976 in India. In both cases, women with evidence of early cervical cancer or pre-cancer went untreated, despite known treatments that could have prevented their condition from worsening. This Comment on carcinoma cervix research grew out of my reading of a new book by Ronald W Jones about the New Zealand experiment. Jones, a recently retired obstetrician/gynaecologist, worked at the hospital where the controversial research took place and was a whistleblower in the case...
December 7, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248196/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-attribution-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-neuroendocrine-cancers-of-the-cervix
#6
REVIEW
Philip E Castle, Amanda Pierz, Mark H Stoler
BACKGROUND: There remains uncertainty about the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in causing small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNC) of the cervix. To clarify the role of HPV in the development of SCNC and LCNC, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analyses. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched to initially identify 143 articles published on or before June 1, 2017. Studies were limited to methods that tested for HPV in the cancer tissue directly to minimize misattribution...
December 13, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225779/risk-of-solid-cancer-in-patients-with-mast-cell-activation-syndrome-results-from-germany-and-usa
#7
Gerhard J Molderings, Thomas Zienkiewicz, Jürgen Homann, Markus Menzen, Lawrence B Afrin
Background:  It has been shown repeatedly that mast cells can promote or prevent cancer development and growth. If development and/or progression of a solid cancer is substantially influenced by mast cell activity, the frequencies of occurrence of solid cancers in patients with primary mast cells disorders would be expected to differ from the corresponding prevalence data in the general population. In fact, a recent study demonstrated that patients with systemic mastocytosis (i.e., a rare neoplastic variant of the primary mast cell activation disease) have increased risk for solid cancers, in particular melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223946/-quality-of-the-exo-endocervical-sampling-in-the-prevention-of-uterine-cervix-cancer
#8
Anabela A Angeleri, Lili B Díaz, Gisela Coliva, Fernando Guerra, Luis A Palaoro, Adriana E Rocher
Cervical and vaginal cytology, Papanicolaou test (PAP), is the most effective test for screening of preneoplastic lesions, and cervical cancer prevention. Its sensitivity goes from 50 to 98%, according to different statistics, and this variation is related to the sampling procedure. A satisfactory smear should be taken from the transformation zone, the junction between endocervix and exocervix. According to Bethesda, metaplastic and/or endocervical cells should be observed under the microscope. The traditional PAP smear includes an exo-endocervical sampling using the Ayre spatula; however, only near 50% of the smears are representative of the transformation zone...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206085/reduction-in-the-burden-of-hospital-admissions-due-to-cervical-disease-from-2003-2014-in-spain
#9
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Cervix uteri cancer is the 4th most common cancer among women worldwide and the second most frequent cancer in women under 45 years old in Spain. We aimed to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of the cervix in Spain from 2003 to 2014, a 12-year period that included the first years after introduction of an HPV vaccination program. METHODS: This epidemiological study reviewed data from the Ministry of Health National Surveillance System, which includes more than 98% of Spanish hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192747/-situational-diagnosis-of-cancer-care-at-the-instituto-mexicano-del-seguro-social
#10
Sonia Patricia de Santillana-Hernández, María Teresa García-Flores, Héctor Galván-Oseguera, Gilberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Héctor David Martínez-Chapaca
Cancer is a public health problem with an impact on Health Services in Mexico; it is also, one of the leading causes of mortality (mortality rate: 610.6 / 100 000) and is expected to double the total number of new cases by 2035 (GLOBOCAN). The most frequent neoplasms are the malignant tumor of breast, prostate, cervix and uterin, colorectal and pulmonary. The most affected groups are the female, and by age the 65 years and older (INEGI). At the IMSS, the mortality rate for malignant tumors has varied, with a sustained decline since 2010...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157955/development-of-a-goat-model-for-evaluation-of-withaferin-a-cervical-implants-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#11
Leslie C Sherwood, Farrukh Aqil, Manicka V Vadhanam, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Radha Munagala, David Hoetker, Sanjay Srivastava, Inder P Singh, Scott Cambron, Martin O'Toole, Wendy Spencer, Lynn P Parker, Ramesh C Gupta
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The disease develops over many years through a series of precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer can be prevented by HPV-vaccination, screening and treatment of precancer before development of cervical cancer. The treatment of high-grade cervical dysplasia (CIN(2+)) has traditionally been by cervical conization. Surgical procedures are associated with increased risk of undesirable side effects including bleeding, infection, scarring (stenosis), infertility and complications in later pregnancies...
November 17, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115079/disparities-by-age-sex-tumor-stage-diagnosis-path-and-area-level-socioeconomic-status-in-survival-time-for-major-cancers-results-from-the-busan-cancer-registry
#12
Minjung Kwak, Changhoon Kim
Our goal was to examine the effect of area-level deprivation on patient survival time for seven major cancers - stomach, colon, liver, lung, breast, cervix, and thyroid cancer. Data on 10,902 subjects who were diagnosed with major cancers from 2010 and 2011 in Busan were collected regarding the survival time along with several important prognostic factors and an area-level deprivation index was constructed from education, income, unemployment, and welfare assistance, to assess the comprehensive area-level socioeconomic status...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109779/serum-immune-profiling-for-early-detection-of-cervical-disease
#13
Radwa Ewaisha, Gitika Panicker, Paul Maranian, Elizabeth R Unger, Karen S Anderson
BACKGROUND: The most recent (2012) worldwide estimates from International Agency for Research on Cancer indicate that approximately 528,000 new cases and 270,000 deaths per year are attributed to cervical cancer worldwide. The disease is preventable with HPV vaccination and with early detection and treatment of pre-invasive cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN. Antibodies (Abs) to HPV proteins are under investigation as potential biomarkers for early detection. METHODS: To detect circulating HPV-specific IgG Abs, we developed programmable protein arrays (NAPPA) that display the proteomes of two low-risk HPV types (HPV6 and 11) and ten oncogenic high-risk HPV types (HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52 and 58)...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037233/cancer-incidence-in-germany-attributable-to-human-papillomavirus-in-2013
#14
Nina Buttmann-Schweiger, Yvonne Deleré, Stefanie J Klug, Klaus Kraywinkel
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that a total of 120,000 new cancer cases in men and in women in more developed countries could be avoided if exposure to HPV was prevented. We used the nationwide pool of German population-based cancer registry data to estimate the burden of HPV-attributable cancer in this population for the year 2013. METHODS: Incident cases of cervical cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, oropharynx (OP), as well as of the vulva, vagina and penis were classified as potentially HPV-associated and identified from the nationwide cancer registry data-pool...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030149/clinical-management-of-women-presenting-with-field-effect-of-hpv-and-intraepithelial-disease
#15
REVIEW
T S Adams, N H Mbatani
Anogenital human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted infection acquired through skin-to-skin contact. Most infections are cleared by an intact immune system. Persistence of these infections results in precancerous lesions and, eventually, to cancers of the cervix, vagina, vulva, and perianal area. The introduction of the prophylactic human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccinations may reduce the incidence of these infections, but the effect of these vaccinations will be seen only in the decades that follow...
September 6, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989018/optimization-of-a-vaginal-suppository-formulation-to-deliver-sheta2-as-a-novel-treatment-for-cervical-dysplasia
#16
Sanjida Mahjabeen, Manolya K Hatipoglu, Vishal Chandra, Doris M Benbrook, Lucila Garcia-Contreras
Cervical dysplasia induced by the human papilloma virus (HPV) unpredictably progresses to cervical cancer. Therapeutic options are invasive and affect the patient's quality of life. SHetA2 has demonstrated therapeutic efficacy against human and murine HPV- induced tumors, but its oral bioavailability is <1%. An optimized vaginal suppository formulation can deliver SHetA2 in sufficient doses to prevent cervical dysplasia. The quality by design (QbD) approach was employed to optimize the suppository formulation consisting of cocoa butter as base with 5% Kolliphor and 40% SHetA2...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988891/cancer-deaths-due-to-lack-of-universal-access-to-radiotherapy-in-the-brazilian-public-health-system
#17
L C Mendez, F Y Moraes, G Dos S Fernandes, E Weltman
AIMS: Radiotherapy plays a fundamental role in the treatment of cancer. Currently, the Brazilian public health system cannot match the national radiotherapy demand and many patients requiring radiotherapy are never exposed to this treatment. This study estimated the number of preventable deaths in the public health system if access to radiotherapy was universal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incidence rates for the year 2016 provided by Instituto Nacional de Cancer were used in this analysis...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974850/difference-between-cryotherapy-and-follow-up-low-grade-squamous-lesion-of-cervix-uteri
#18
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic, Mirsada Mulavdic, Azra Hadzimehmedovic
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer can be successfully prevented by effective treatment. AIM: Analyse of success of cryotherapy in LSIL and ASCUS. MATERIALS ET METHODS: In retrospective study between January 2016 to March 2017, 3244 PAP test were analysed. 257 patients who had been diagnosed with LSIL and ASCUS from PAP smear were divided in two groups: women who had HPV positive, colposcopic positive and cytologic finding of LSIL or ASCUS treathed with cryotherapy and women with LSIL, ASCUS and negative colposcopy...
August 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971824/cancer-patterns-trends-and-transitions-in-peru-a-regional-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Marion Piñeros, Willy Ramos, Sébastien Antoni, Graciela Abriata, Luis E Medina, J Jaime Miranda, Eduardo Payet, Freddie Bray
Peru, like several other South American countries, is experiencing remarkable population growth, ageing, and urbanisation, which has given rise to profound changes in its epidemiological profile. Prostate and breast cancer are the most frequent cancers in men and women, respectively, in Lima and Arequipa, the two areas with population-based cancer registries. However, infection-associated cancers (cervix and stomach) are also common, and rank highest in the national cancer mortality profile. Although a foundation of surveillance informs cancer-control initiatives in Peru, improvements in the vital statistics system, and the quality and use of incidence data for the planning and assessment of cancer prevention and control actions, are needed...
October 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965697/feasibility-and-safety-of-same-day-discharge-after-laparoscopic-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervix-cancer
#20
Lauren Philp, Allan Covens, Danielle Vicus, Rachel Kupets, Katherine Pulman, Lilian T Gien
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of same day-discharge (SDD) after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervix cancer by determining complication rates and factors associated with post-operative admission. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for cervix cancer at a single institution from January 2006 to November 2015 were identified. Admitted patients were compared to same-day discharge patients...
December 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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