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MRI BRAIN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944772/multimodal-investigation-of-network-level-effects-using-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-anatomical-covariance-and-structure-to-function-correlations-in-unmedicated-major-depressive-disorder
#1
Dustin Scheinost, Sophie E Holmes, Nicole DellaGioia, Charlie Schleifer, David Matuskey, Michelle Hampson, John H Krysta, Alan Anticevic, Irina Esterlis
Converging evidence suggests that major depressive disorder (MDD) affects multiple large-scale brain networks. Analyses of the correlation or covariance of regional brain structure and function applied to structural and functional MRI data may provide insights into systems-level organization and structure-to-function correlations in the brain in MDD. This study applied Tensor-Based Morphometry (TBM) and Intrinsic Connectivity Distribution (ICD) to identify regions of altered volume and intrinsic functional connectivity in data from unmedicated individuals with MDD (n=17) and healthy comparison participants (HC, n=20)...
September 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944346/falx-cerebri-segmentation-via-multi-atlas-boundary-fusion
#2
Jeffrey Glaister, Aaron Carass, Dzung L Pham, John A Butman, Jerry L Prince
The falx cerebri is a meningeal projection of dura in the brain, separating the cerebral hemispheres. It has stiffer mechanical properties than surrounding tissue and must be accurately segmented for building computational models of traumatic brain injury. In this work, we propose a method to segment the falx using T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) and susceptibility-weighted MRI (SWI). Multi-atlas whole brain segmentation is performed using the T1-weighted MRI and the gray matter cerebrum labels are extended into the longitudinal fissure using fast marching to find an initial estimate of the falx...
September 2017: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944305/network-organization-is-globally-atypical-in-autism-a-graph-theory-study-of-intrinsic-functional-connectivity
#3
Christopher L Keown, Michael C Datko, Colleen P Chen, José Omar Maximo, Afrooz Jahedi, Ralph-Axel Müller
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant evidence of brain network anomalies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), findings have varied from broad functional underconnectivity to broad overconnectivity. Rather than pursuing overly simplifying general hypotheses ('under' vs. 'over'), we tested the hypothesis of atypical network distribution in ASD (i.e., participation of unusual loci in distributed functional networks). METHODS: We used a selective high-quality data subset from the ABIDE datashare (including 111 ASD and 174 typically developing [TD] participants) and several graph theory metrics...
January 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943848/multimodal-discrimination-of-schizophrenia-using-hybrid-weighted-feature-concatenation-of-brain-functional-connectivity-and-anatomical-features-with-an-extreme-learning-machine
#4
Muhammad Naveed Iqbal Qureshi, Jooyoung Oh, Dongrae Cho, Hang Joon Jo, Boreom Lee
Multimodal features of structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the human brain can assist in the diagnosis of schizophrenia. We performed a classification study on age, sex, and handedness-matched subjects. The dataset we used is publicly available from the Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) and it consists of two groups: patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. We performed an independent component analysis and calculated global averaged functional connectivity-based features from the resting-state functional MRI data for all the cortical and subcortical anatomical parcellation...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943835/investigating-brain-connectomic-alterations-in-autism-using-the-reproducibility-of-independent-components-derived-from-resting-state-functional-mri-data
#5
Mohammed A Syed, Zhi Yang, Xiaoping P Hu, Gopikrishna Deshpande
Significance: Autism is a developmental disorder that is currently diagnosed using behavioral tests which can be subjective. Consequently, objective non-invasive imaging biomarkers of Autism are being actively researched. The common theme emerging from previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies is that Autism is characterized by alterations of fMRI-derived functional connections in certain brain networks which may provide a biomarker for objective diagnosis. However, identification of individuals with Autism solely based on these measures has not been reliable, especially when larger sample sizes are taken into consideration...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943538/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-associated-encephalopathy-successfully-treated-with-corticosteroids
#6
Takashi Hosaka, Kiyotaka Nakamagoe, Akira Tamaoka
The encephalopathy that occurs in association with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which is caused by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (E. coli), has a high mortality rate and patients sometimes present sequelae. We herein describe the case of a 20-year-old woman who developed encephalopathy during the convalescent stage of HUS caused by E.coli O26. Hyperintense lesions were detected in the pons, basal ganglia, and cortex on diffusion-weighted brain MRI. From the onset of HUS encephalopathy, we treated the patient with methylprednisolone (mPSL) pulse therapy alone...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943531/early-diagnosis-of-infective-endocarditis-by-brain-t2-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Takashi Fujimoto, Yoichi Morofuji, Yuki Matsunaga, Nobutaka Horie, Tsuyoshi Izumo, Yohei Tateishi, Minoru Morikawa, Takashi Miura, Kiyoyuki Eishi, Takayuki Matsuo
BACKGROUND: Because infective endocarditis (IE) carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality, rapid diagnosis and effective treatment are essential to achieving a good patient outcome. However, the diagnosis of IE is often difficult in patients presenting with nonspecific clinical manifestations. An association between IE and hypointense signal spots on brain T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported, but the clinical significance remains unclear.Methods and Results:To assess the clinical importance of silent lesions in the brains of IE patients, hypointense signal spots detected on their brain T2*-weighted MRI scans were investigated in a retrospective review of 44 consecutive patients with definite or suspected IE evaluated by MRI between June 2006 and January 2014...
September 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943053/our-experience-with-500-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reexploring-aetiology-and-reevaluating-mri-investigation
#8
Fei Tan, Constantin Bartels, Rory McConn Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the aetiology of and to evaluate the importance of MRI investigation on the posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in an Irish population. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 500 patients with posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, diagnosed and treated by the senior author over a 10-year period. Most patients underwent an MRI brain and inner ear, following the same scan protocol...
September 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942852/retraction-notice-to-exploring-the-mechanism-by-which-accumbal-deep-brain-stimulation-attenuates-morphine-induced-reinstatement-through-manganese-enhanced-mri-and-pharmacological-intervention-experimental-neurology-290-2017-29-40
#9
Lei Zhang, Ying Cui, Ying-Chun Wang, Hong Yin, Jian-Min Zheng, Lu Huang, Zhen-Wei Zhao, Jiang Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942555/the-applicability-of-amide-proton-transfer-imaging-in-the-nervous-system-focus-on-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-in-the-neonate
#10
REVIEW
Yang Zheng, Xiaoming Wang
In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become more widely used in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), involving, for example, evaluation of cerebral edema, white matter fiber bundle tracking, cerebral perfusion status, and assessment of brain metabolites. MRI has many imaging modalities. However, its application for assessing changes in the internal environment at the tissue and cellular level after hypoxia-ischemia remains a challenge and is currently the focus of intense research...
September 23, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942513/loco-regional-extensions-of-central-nervous-system-germ-cell-tumors-a-retrospective-radiological-analysis-of-100-patients
#11
Loïc Duron, Flavie Sadones, Philippe Thiesse, Cécile Cellier, Claire Alapetite, François Doz, Didier Frappaz, Hervé J Brisse
PURPOSE: The current staging system of central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCT) includes a binary classification in "localized" or "metastatic" disease based on the absence or presence of leptomeningeal dissemination. Loco-regional tumor dissemination has been barely described whereas its accurate definition might be useful in terms of prognosis and treatment, especially for radiation therapy planning. Our purpose was therefore to describe MR patterns and prevalence of loco-regional extensions of these tumors...
September 23, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942477/cognitive-performance-in-mid-stage-parkinson-s-disease-functional-connectivity-under-chronic-antiparkinson-treatment
#12
Roxana Vancea, Kristina Simonyan, Maria Petracca, Miroslaw Brys, Alessandro Di Rocco, Maria Felice Ghilardi, Matilde Inglese
Cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) is related to the reorganization of brain topology. Although drug challenge studies have proven how levodopa treatment can modulate functional connectivity in brain circuits, the role of chronic dopaminergic therapy on cognitive status and functional connectivity has never been investigated. We sought to characterize brain functional topology in mid-stage PD patients under chronic antiparkinson treatment and explore the presence of correlation between reorganization of brain architecture and specific cognitive deficits...
September 23, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942267/ultra-high-field-mri-guided-deep-brain-stimulation
#13
Birte U Forstmann, Bethany R Isaacs, Yasin Temel
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical treatment for neurological disorders often planned with 1.5-T or 3-T MRI. The clinical efficacy of DBS can be improved using ultrahigh-field (UHF) MRI for planning by increasing the level of precision required for an individualized approach.
July 1, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942060/functional-networks-and-network-perturbations-in-rodents
#14
REVIEW
Kai-Hsiang Chuang, Fatima A Nasrallah
Synchronous low-frequency oscillation in the resting human brain has been found to form networks of functionally associated areas and hence has been widely used to map the functional connectivity of the brain using techniques such as resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI). Interestingly, similar resting-state networks can also be detected in the anesthetized rodent brain, including the default mode-like network. This opens up opportunities for understanding the neurophysiological basis of the rsfMRI signal, the behavioral relevance of the network characteristics, connectomic deficits in diseases and treatment effects on brain connectivity using rodents, particularly transgenic mouse models...
September 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941768/lateralization-effects-on-functional-connectivity-of-the-auditory-network-in-patients-with-unilateral-pulsatile-tinnitus-as-detected-by-functional-mri
#15
Han Lv, Pengfei Zhao, Zhaohui Liu, Xuehuan Liu, Heyu Ding, Liheng Liu, Guopeng Wang, Jing Xie, Rong Zeng, Yuchen Chen, Zhenghan Yang, Shusheng Gong, Zhenchang Wang
Unilateral pulsatile tinnitus (PT) was proved to be a kind of disease with brain functional abnormalities within and beyond the auditory network (AN). However, changes in patterns of the lateralization effects of PT are yet to be established. Relationship between the AN and other brain networks in PT patients is also a scientific question need to be answered. In this study, we recruited 23 left-sided, 23 right-sided PT (LSPT, RSPT) patients and 23 normal controls (NC). We combined applied independent component analysis and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis to investigate alteration feature of the FC of the AN by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI)...
September 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941756/analysis-of-brain-and-spinal-cord-lesions-to-occult-brain-damage-in-seropositive-and-seronegative-neuromyelitis-optica
#16
Jie Sun, Xianting Sun, Ningnannan Zhang, Qiuhui Wang, Huanhuan Cai, Yuan Qi, Ting Li, Wen Qin, Chunshui Yu
OBJECTIVES: According to aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab), neuromyelitis optica (NMO) can be divided into seropositive and seronegative subgroups. The purpose of this study was to a) compare the distribution of spinal cord and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions between seropositive and seronegative NMO patients; b) explore occult brain damage in seropositive and seronegative NMO patients; and c) explore the contribution of visible lesions to occult grey and white matter damage in seropositive and seronegative NMO patients...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941469/ultra-high-field-mri-guided-deep-brain-stimulation
#17
Birte U Forstmann, Bethany R Isaacs, Yasin Temel
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical treatment for neurological disorders often planned with 1.5-T or 3-T MRI. The clinical efficacy of DBS can be improved using ultrahigh-field (UHF) MRI for planning by increasing the level of precision required for an individualized approach.
October 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940848/executive-function-and-functional-and-structural-brain-differences-in-middle-age-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
B Blair Braden, Christopher J Smith, Amiee Thompson, Tyler K Glaspy, Emily Wood, Divya Vatsa, Angela E Abbott, Samuel C McGee, Leslie C Baxter
There is a rapidly growing group of aging adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who may have unique needs, yet cognitive and brain function in older adults with ASD is understudied. We combined functional and structural neuroimaging and neuropsychological tests to examine differences between middle-aged men with ASD and matched neurotypical (NT) men. Participants (ASD, n = 16; NT, n = 17) aged 40-64 years were well-matched according to age, IQ (range: 83-131), and education (range: 9-20 years)...
September 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940401/social-cognition-in-autism-is-associated-with-the-neurodevelopment-of-the-posterior-superior-temporal-sulcus
#19
S Hotier, F Leroy, J Boisgontier, C Laidi, J-F Mangin, R Delorme, F Bolognani, C Czech, C Bouquet, E Toledano, M Bouvard, J Petit, M Mishchenko, M-A d'Albis, D Gras, A Gaman, I Scheid, M Leboyer, T Zalla, J Houenou
OBJECTIVE: The posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) plays a critical role in the 'social brain'. Its neurodevelopment and relationship with the social impairment in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not well understood. We explored the relationship between social cognition and the neurodevelopment of the pSTS in ASD. METHOD: We included 44 adults with high-functioning ASD and 36 controls. We assessed their performances on the 'Reading the mind in the eyes' test (for 34 of 44 subjects with ASD and 30 of 36 controls), their fixation time on the eyes with eye tracking (for 35 of 44 subjects with ASD and 30 of 36 controls) and the morphology of the caudal branches of the pSTS (length and depth), markers of the neurodevelopment, with structural MRI...
September 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940333/rapid-myelin-water-imaging-in-human-cervical-spinal-cord
#20
Emil Ljungberg, Irene Vavasour, Roger Tam, Youngjin Yoo, Alexander Rauscher, David K B Li, Anthony Traboulsee, Alex MacKay, Shannon Kolind
PURPOSE: Myelin water imaging (MWI) using multi-echo T2 relaxation is a quantitative MRI technique that can be used as an in vivo biomarker for myelin in the central nervous system. MWI using a multi-echo spin echo sequence currently takes more than 20 min to acquire eight axial slices (5 mm thickness) in the cervical spinal cord, making spinal cord MWI impractical for implementation in clinical studies. METHODS: In this study, an accelerated gradient and spin echo sequence (GRASE), previously validated for brain MWI, was adapted for spinal cord MWI...
October 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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