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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321825/effect-of-feeding-soy-milk-fermented-by-probiotic-bacteria-on-some-blood-criteria-and-weight-of-experimental-animals
#1
Alaa Kareem Niamah, Ali Ahmed Sahi, Alaa S N Al-Sharifi
The chemical composition of soy milk fermented by probiotic starter (Log.11.1 CFU/ml) which consists of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5, and Bifidobacterium bifidum Bb-12 was studied. The percentage of each moisture, protein, fat, ash, carbohydrate and total acidity were 88.8, 4.2, 2.3, 0.82, 4.6, and 0.83, respectively, and the phytic acid rate was 0.075% after fermentation. The experimental animals were fed with 3 mL and 2 mL of soy milk fermented for 40 days. The result showed decreasing the rate of cholesterol and triglyceride in T1 treatment (3 mL of soy milk fermented) which were (114...
March 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318254/phosphate-fertilizer-and-growing-environment-change-the-phytochemicals-oil-quality-and-nutritional-composition-of-roundup-ready-genetically-modified-and-conventional-soybean
#2
Tatiane Scilewski da Costa Zanatta, Roberta Manica-Berto, Cristiano Dietrich Ferreira, Michele Maciel Crizel Cardozo, Cesar Valmor Rombaldi, Rui Carlos Zambiazi, Álvaro Renato Guerra Dias
Phosphorus (P) intake, genotype, and growth environment in soybean cultivation can affect the composition of the soybean. This experiment was conducted in two locations (microregions I and II) using a randomized complete block design, including conventional soybean (BRS Sambaíba) and genetically modified (GM) [Msoy 9144 Roundup Ready (RR)] cultivars and varying doses of phosphorus fertilizer (0, 60, 120, and 240 kg/ha P2O5). Soybeans were evaluated for chemical composition, total phenols, phytic acid content, individual isoflavone content, antioxidant activity, oil quality, fatty acid profile, total carotenoid content, and individual tocopherol contents...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317483/a-critical-review-of-bioactive-food-components-and-of-their-functional-mechanisms-biological-effects-and-health-outcomes
#3
Rosa Pérez-Gregorio, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Eating behaviours are closely related to some medical conditions potentially leading to death such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Healthy eating practices, maintaining a normal weight, and regular physical activity could prevent up to 80% of coronary heart disease, 90% of type-2 diabetes and one-third of all cancers[1]. METHOD: Over the last two decades, the food industry has invested much effort in research and development of healthier, more nutritious foods...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303054/genetic-variability-for-iron-and-zinc-as-well-as-antinutrients-affecting-bioavailability-in-black-gram-vigna-mungo-l-hepper
#4
Jagdish Singh, Rajani Kanaujia, A K Srivastava, G P Dixit, N P Singh
The mineral content of pulses is generally high, but the bioavailability is poor due to the presence of phytate and polyphenols which inhibits Fe absorption. In the present study, the genetic variability and heritability for seed Fe and Zn content was studied. The effect of genotypes was significant for all the quality traits indicating presence of enough variability among the blackgram genotypes for the traits. The Fe content in 26 blackgram genotypes ranged from 71.02 to 100.20 ppm, whereas Zn content ranged from 18...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303053/comparison-of-color-anti-nutritional-factors-minerals-phenolic-profile-and-protein-digestibility-between-hard-to-cook-and-easy-to-cook-grains-from-different-kidney-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-accessions
#5
Naincy Parmar, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur, Sheetal Thakur
The present study was aimed to evaluate the differences among anti-nutritional factors in relation to mineral absorption and protein digestibility of Easy-to-cook (ETC) and Hard-to-cook (HTC) grains from different kidney bean (KB) accessions.HTC grains showed lower a* (redness to yellowness) and b* (greenness to blueness) values and L* value than ETC grains. HTC grains had significantly higher Ca and Zn and lower Cu, Mn and Fe than ETC grains. ETC and HTC grains showed significant variation in mineral, total phenolic content (TPC), tannin and phytic acid content...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303048/studies-on-physico-chemical-and-cooking-characteristics-of-rice-bean-varieties-grown-in-ne-region-of-india
#6
Rejaul Hoque Bepary, D D Wadikar, Seuji Borah Neog, P E Patki
Rice bean (Vigna umbellata) is grown in South and Southeast Asia, and the bean has gained importance due to its nutritional strength in terms of dietary fiber, quality protein and minerals. In current study, the nutritional and functional components, cooking and thermo-gravimetric properties of eleven rice bean varieties from NE India were investigated. Results revealed that the major nutrients among the varieties ranged as follows: 54.21-60.49% carbohydrates, 15.64-21.60% protein, 1.22-2.3% fat, 5.53-6.56% crude fibre, 3...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303042/effect-of-dehulling-germination-and-cooking-on-nutrients-anti-nutrients-fatty-acid-composition-and-antioxidant-properties-in-lentil-lens-culinaris
#7
R S Pal, Anuradha Bhartiya, Pradhuman Yadav, Lakshmi Kant, K K Mishra, J P Aditya, A Pattanayak
The changes in chemical composition, antioxidant activity and fatty acid composition of lentil flour after dehulling, germination and cooking of seeds were investigated. Dehulling showed no significant effect on protein content, however, protein content decreased in most of the varieties after germination and cooking. Total soluble sugars (TSS) content increased significantly after dehulling (2.0-41.64 %) and cooking (2.08-31.07 %) whereas, germination had no significant effect on TSS content. Total lipids increased significantly after dehulling (21...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303039/nutritional-properties-of-green-gram-germinated-in-mineral-fortified-soak-water-ii-effect-of-cooking-on-total-and-bioaccessible-nutrients-and-bioactive-components
#8
Morteza Oghbaei, Jamuna Prakash
The effect of pressure and microwave cooking on total and bioaccessible nutrients and bioactive components in whole and dehulled green gram (GG) germinated in mineral fortified soak water was studied. Whole GG was soaked in water fortified with iron (100 or 200 mg/100 ml) or zinc (50 or 100 mg/100 ml), germinated, cooked by two methods and analyzed. Results showed that method of cooking did not affect the nutrient composition of whole or dehulled grains, however, phytic acid and dietary fiber were higher in microwave cooked samples...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299301/solution-of-azelaic-acid-20-resorcinol-10-and-phytic-acid-6-versus-glycolic-acid-50-peeling-agent-in-the-treatment-of-female-patients-with-facial-melasma
#9
Gita Faghihi, Azam Taheri, Zabihollah Shahmoradi, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
BACKGROUND: Melasma, a common acquired disorder of hyperpigmentation, especially in women, is often resistant to therapy. This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of azelaic acid, resorcinol and phytic acid solution in chemical peeling of melasma in comparison to 50% glycolic acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was performed, on 42 female patients with bilateral melasma. Severity of melasma was assessed by melasma area and severity index (MASI)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257043/minerals-and-trace-elements-intakes-and-food-consumption-patterns-of-young-children-living-in-rural-areas-of-tibet-autonomous-region-p-r-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Michael Dermience, Françoise Mathieu, Xiao Wei Li, Stefanie Vandevijvere, William Claus, Viviane De Maertelaer, Ghislaine Dufourny, Li Bin, Dechen Yangzom, Georges Lognay
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several studies revealed clinical signs of stunting and rickets among rural populations of Tibet Autonomous Region (T.A.R.), and especially amid children. Further, these populations are affected by a bone disease named Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). However, little is known about the dietary status of this population. This survey aimed to assess the usual intakes of young Tibetan children living in rural areas around Lhasa for energy, water, and ten minerals and trace elements (Na, K, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, and Se) involved in bone metabolism...
March 1, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256821/low-cost-and-novel-si-based-gel-for-li-ion-batteries
#11
Fucong Lyu, Zhifang Sun, Bo Nan, Sicen Yu, Lujie Cao, Mingyang Yang, Minchan Li, Wenxi Wang, Shaofei Wu, Shanshan Zeng, Hongtao Liu, Zhouguang Lu
Si-based nanostructure composites have been intensively investigated as anode materials for next-generation lithium-ion batteries because of their ultra-high-energy storage capacity. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate a perfect structure satisfying all the requirements of good electrical conductivity, robust matrix for buffering large volume expansion, and intact linkage of Si particles upon long-term cycling. Here, we report a novel design of Si-based multicomponent three-dimensional (3D) networks in which the Si core is capped with phytic acid shell layers through a facile high-energy ball-milling method...
March 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244521/phytic-acid-derivative-transition-metal-phosphides-encapsulated-in-n-p-codoped-carbon-an-efficient-and-durable-hydrogen-evolution-electrocatalyst-in-a-wide-ph-range
#12
Zonghua Pu, Ibrahim Saana Amiinu, Chengtian Zhang, Min Wang, Zongkui Kou, Shichun Mu
Applications of highly-efficient and durable non-precious metal electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) have great potential to relieve the energy crisis. Here, we demonstrate a green method for fabrication of a number of transition metal phosphides (TMPs) by pyrolyzing melamine and self-assembled phytic acid (PA) cross-linked metal complexes. The obtained materials consisting of TMP nanoparticles (NPs) are encapsulated in N,P-codoped carbon (NPC). Among TMPs, the resultant FeP NPs encapsulated in the NPC matrix (FeP NPs@NPC) show the highest HER activity at all pH values...
February 28, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222262/nature-inspired-strategy-toward-superhydrophobic-fabrics-for-versatile-oil-water-separation
#13
Cailong Zhou, Zhaodan Chen, Hao Yang, Kun Hou, Xinjuan Zeng, Yanfen Zheng, Jiang Cheng
Phytic acid, which is a naturally occurring component that is widely found in many plants, can strongly bond toxic mineral elements in the human body, because of its six phosphate groups. Some of the metal ions present the property of bonding with phytic acid to form insoluble coordination complexes aggregations, even at room temperature. Herein, a superhydrophobic cotton fabric was prepared using a novel and facile nature-inspired strategy that introduced phytic acid metal complex aggregations to generate rough hierarchical structures on a fabric surface, followed by PDMS modification...
March 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212511/arsenic-hyperaccumulator-pteris-vittata-efficiently-solubilized-phosphate-rock-to-sustain-plant-growth-and-as-uptake
#14
Jing-Wei Fu, Xue Liu, Yong-He Han, Hanyi Mei, Yue Cao, Letuzia M de Oliveira, Yungen Liu, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Yanshan Chen, Lena Q Ma
Phosphorus (P) is one of the most important nutrients for phytoremediation of arsenic (As)-contaminated soils. In this study, we demonstrated that As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata was efficient in acquiring P from insoluble phosphate rock (PR). When supplemented with PR as the sole P source in hydroponic systems, P. vittata accumulated 49% and 28% higher P in the roots and fronds than the -P treatment. In contrast, non-hyperaccumulator Pteris ensiformis was unable to solubilize P from PR. To gain insights into PR solubilization by plants, organic acids in plant root exudates were analyzed by HPLC...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210630/scientific-evidence-of-rice-by-products-for-cancer-prevention-chemopreventive-properties-of-waste-products-from-rice-milling-on-carcinogenesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#15
REVIEW
Bee Ling Tan, Mohd Esa Norhaizan
Cancer is a significant global health concern affecting men and women worldwide. Although current chemopreventive drugs could inhibit the growth of cancer cells, they exert many adverse side effects. Dietary factor plays a crucial role in the management of cancers and has drawn the attention of researchers to be used as an option to combat this disease. Both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that rice and its by-products display encouraging results in the prevention of this disease. The mechanism of anticancer effect is suggested partly through potentiation of bioactive compounds like vitamin E, phytic acid, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), γ-oryzanol, and phenolics...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205239/bioprocessing-of-common-beans-in-diets-for-tilapia-in-vivo-digestibility-and-antinutritional-factors
#16
Francisco Valdez-González, Roberto Gutiérrez-Dorado, Alfredo Hernández-Llamas, Manuel García-Ulloa, Luís Sánchez-Magaña, Breidy Cuevas-Rodríguez, Hervey Rodríguez-González
BACKGROUND: Bioprocessing of ingredients by solid-state fermentation is a low-cost technique for preparing diets. It is performed by adding microorganisms such as Rhizopus oligosporus to bean grains, achieving minimal degradation of nutrients and a significant improvement in digestibility. In particular, fermentation induces favorable changes in beans by reducing enzyme inhibitors, such as phytates and tannins. RESULTS: Fermentation significantly (P < 0.05) increased the protein content and digestibility of dry matter and protein compared with whole bean grains, and decreased the content of lipids, ash and phytic acid...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174082/%C3%AE-propeller-phytases-diversity-catalytic-attributes-current-developments-and-potential-biotechnological-applications
#17
REVIEW
Vinod Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav, Priyanka Verma, Punesh Sangwan, Abhishake Saxena, Krishan Kumar, Bijender Singh
Phytases are phosphatases which stepwise remove phosphates from phytic acid or its salts. β-Propeller phytase (BPPhy) belongs to a special class of microbial phytases that is regarded as most diverse, isolated and characterized from different microbes, mainly from Bacillus spp. BPPhy class is unique for its Ca(2+)-dependent catalytic activity, strict substrate specificity, active at neutral to alkaline pH and high thermostability. Numerous sequence and structure based studies have revealed unique attributes and catalytic properties of this class, as compared to other classes of phytases...
May 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171726/overuse-of-phosphorus-fertilizer-reduces-the-grain-and-flour-protein-contents-and-zinc-bioavailability-of-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#18
Wei Zhang, Dunyi Liu, Yumin Liu, Xinping Chen, Chunqin Zou
To supplement human dietary nutrition, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of phosphorus (P) fertilizer application on grain and flour protein contents and especially on the bioavailability of zinc (Zn). A field experiment of winter wheat with six P application rates (0, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 kg/ha) was conducted from 2013 to 2015. The grain yield increased with P application but was not further enhanced when P rates exceeded 50 kg/ha. As P application increased, the protein concentration in grain and standard flour and the viscosity of standard flour decreased...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167953/biofortification-in-millets-a-sustainable-approach-for-nutritional-security
#19
REVIEW
A Vinoth, R Ravindhran
Nutritional insecurity is a major threat to the world's population that is highly dependent on cereals-based diet, deficient in micronutrients. Next to cereals, millets are the primary sources of energy in the semi-arid tropics and drought-prone regions of Asia and Africa. Millets are nutritionally superior as their grains contain high amount of proteins, essential amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. Biofortification of staple crops is proved to be an economically feasible approach to combat micronutrient malnutrition...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166627/rapid-and-nondestructive-determination-of-aleurone-content-in-pearling-fractions-of-barley-by-near-infrared-nir-and-fluorescence-spectroscopies
#20
Jens Petter Wold, Diego Airado-Rodríguez, Ann-Katrin Holtekjølen, Ulla Holopainen-Mantila, Stefan Sahlstrøm
The aim of the present work was to develop and evaluate near-infrared (NIR) and fluorescence spectroscopies as rapid and potential online methods for determination of the amount of aleurone in pearling dust fractions of barley. Phytic acid was used as a marker for the aleurone layer. Different varieties of barley were pearled, and dust fractions were progressively taken out. Sample concentration of phytic acid varied in the range of 0.5-4.1 g/100 g, and highest concentrations were obtained in dust fractions for pearling degrees in the range of 15-25%...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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