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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142407/molecular-docking-analysis-of-phytic-acid-and-4-hydroxyisoleucine-as-cyclooxygenase-2-microsomal-prostaglandin-e-synthase-2-tyrosinase-human-neutrophil-elastase-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-xanthine-oxidase-squalene-synthase-nitric-oxide-synthase-human
#1
Radhakrishnan Narayanaswamy, Lam Kok Wai, Norhaizan Mohd Esa
Background: The phytoconstituents phytic acid and 4-hydroxyisoleucine have been reported to posses various biological properties. Objective: This prompted us to carry out the docking study on these two ligands (phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine) against eleven targeted enzymes. Materials and Methods: Phytic acid & 4-hydroxyisoleucine were evaluated on the docking behaviour of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-2 (mPGES-2), tyrosinase, human neutrophil elastase (HNE), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP 2 and 9), xanthine oxidase (XO), squalene synthase (SQS), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), human aldose reductase (HAR) and lipoxygenase (LOX) using Discovery Studio Version 3...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126074/amphiphilic-pa-induced-three-dimensional-graphene-macrostructure-with-enhanced-removal-of-heavy-metal-ions
#2
Bing Tan, Huimin Zhao, Yaobin Zhang, Xie Quan, Zehao He, Wenting Zheng, Bingyu Shi
Phytic acid (PA) induced graphene macrostructures were synthesized and investigated for the sorption characteristics and mechanisms of mercury. The as-synthesized graphene foam possessed large specific surface area and amphiphilicity. FTIR and XPS analysis revealed that the as-prepared graphene macrostructure retained oxygen-containing functional groups after hydrothermal reduction and also captured new phosphorus-containing groups because of the introduction of PA. Different experimental parameters, such as pH, PA fractions and contact time were applied to probe into the Hg(II) adsorption performance of as-synthesized macrostructure...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121109/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-in-vernalization-treated-faba-bean-vicia-faba-l
#3
Yun-Ying Cao, Xiao-Chun Bian, Mo-Xian Chen, Li-Ru Xia, Jianhua Zhang, Fu-Yuan Zhu, Chun-Fang Wu
Vernalization is classically defined as the induction of flowering process by exposure of the plants to a prolonged cold condition. Normally, it is considered as a precondition of flowering. Vicia faba, commonly known as faba bean, belongs to family Fabaceae. It is one of the plant species that has been cultivated in the earliest human settlements. In this study, an iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS-based quantitative proteomic analysis has been conducted to compare the vernalized faba bean seedlings and its corresponding control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098639/tef-the-rising-ancient-cereal-what-do-we-know-about-its-nutritional-and-health-benefits
#4
Habtu Shumoy, Katleen Raes
This review covers the nutritional significance of tef cereal as compared to other common cereals with emphasis on carbohydrate content and starch digestibility, protein content, iron and zinc bioavailability and antioxidant potentials. Tef is a gluten free cereal and contains the highest iron and calcium among other cereals. It has high micro- and macro- nutritional profile and is becoming globally popular in the healthy grain food chain. Tef starch has a high gelatinization temperature, an essential precondition in the preparation of low glycemic index foods...
November 2, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089855/solid-state-fermentation-reduces-phytic-acid-level-improves-the-profile-of-myo-inositol-phosphates-and-enhances-the-availability-of-selected-minerals-in-flaxseed-oil-cake
#5
Robert Duliński, Bożena Stodolak, Łukasz Byczyński, Aleksander Poreda, Anna Starzyńska-Janiszewska, Krzysztof Żyła
Flaxseed oil cake was subjected to fermentation with Rhizopus oligosporus (DSM 1964 and ATCC 64063), and the phytate (InsP6) content, myo-inositol phosphate profile and in vitro bioavailability of essential minerals were studied. Flaxseed oil cake had a phytate mass fraction of 13.9 mg/g. A 96-hour fermentation of flaxseed oil cake by R. oligosporus DSM 1964 and R. oligosporus ATCC 64063 decreased the InsP6 content by 48 and 33%, respectively. The strains had different phytate-degrading activities: fermentation of flaxseed oil cake with R...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068605/the-potential-role-of-selected-bioactive-compounds-from-spelt-and-common-wheat-in-glycemic-control
#6
REVIEW
Izabela Biskup, Magdalena Gajcy, Izabela Fecka
Diet is an important lifestyle factor which influences people's health and the prevention of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Cereal-based foods constitute the main component of the everyday diet worldwide. Old cereal species like spelt (Triticum spelta L.) are becoming more and more popular, especially in Europe. This review focuses on the role of bioactive compounds from spelt and their possible biological mechanisms of action in glycemic control. Spelt grain contains a high amount of dietary fiber, which can modulate postprandial glycemia...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051639/organic-acids-as-a-freshness-indicator-for-tofu-soybean-curd
#7
Jae-Young Her, Heera Cho, Mina K Kim, Kwang-Geun Lee
The aim of this study was to evaluate organic acids as potential indicators of tofu freshness. To achieve this, relationships between organic acids concentrations and the growth of microorganisms in fresh tofu were investigated. The levels of microorganisms (total bacterial count) and organic acids (phytic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid and acetic acid) were analyzed in tofu (packed and unpacked) every 3 days during 15 days of storage at different temperatures (4, 10, and 25 °C)...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042735/effectiveness-of-three-different-irrigants-17-ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid-q-mix-and-phytic-acid-in-smear-layer-removal-a-comparative-scanning-electron-microscope-study
#8
Janhavi Balasaheb Jagzap, Sanjay S Patil, Vandana Jaykumar Gade, Deepika J Chandhok, Madhura A Upagade, Deepa A Thakur
BACKGROUND: Removal of smear layer from the root canal walls is important for long-standing endodontic success. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare smear layer removing ability among 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), Q-MIX, and phytic acid by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in-vitro experimental study assessed smear layer removal using three different irrigants. Thirty single-rooted freshly extracted human permanent premolars were collected, disinfected, and decoronated to a standardized root length of 13 mm...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961449/rapid-and-efficient-uranium-vi-capture-by-phytic-acid-polyaniline-feooh-composites
#9
Xintao Wei, Qi Liu, Hongsen Zhang, Jingyuan Liu, Rongrong Chen, Rumin Li, Zhangshuang Li, Peili Liu, Jun Wang
Uranium plays an indispensable role in nuclear energy, but there are limited land resources to meet the ever growing demand; therefore, a need exists to develop efficient materials for capturing uranium from water. Herein, we synthesize a promising adsorbent of phytic acid/polyaniline/FeOOH composites (PA/PANI/FeOOH) by oxidative polymerization. Phytic acid, acting asa gelator and dopant, plays an important role in the formation of polyaniline (PANI). The PA/PANI/FeOOH exhibites high adsorption capacity (qm=555...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961075/indocyanine-green-lymphographic-and-lymphoscintigraphic-findings-in-genital-lymphedema-genital-pathway-score
#10
Hisako Hara, Makoto Mihara
BACKGROUND: Although genital lymphedema is a challenging disease, its mechanism is unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the lymphatic flow in genital lymphedema and establish a suitable examination for genital lymphedema. METHODS: We injected phytic acid or albumin labeled with (99m)Tc at the bilateral first web spaces of the feet of 47 patients for lymphoscintigraphy. For indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography, we injected ICG into the first web spaces of both feet and other points if necessary...
September 29, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960716/thermal-decomposition-chemical-composition-in%C3%A2-vitro-digestibility-and-gas-production-and-in%C3%A2-situ-degradability-of-oilseed-residues-from-the-biofuel-industry
#11
Anderson Dias Vieira de Souza, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Simone Palma Fávaro, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Hélène Veronique Petit, Alexandre Menezes Dias, Maria da Graça Morais, Fernando Alvarenga Reis, Renato Roscoe
Thermal analysis could rapidly and easily predict nutritional value of ruminant feeds. The hypothesis is that crambe meal (CM) has a quality similar to that of soybean meal (SM), and the objective of this study was to determine the nutritional characteristics of CM and compare them to those of SM. CM had greater concentrations of phytic acid (26.3 vs. 16.0 g/kg) and phenol compounds (615 vs. 393 mg gallic acid (GAE)/kg) than SM. In vitro dry matter (DM) digestibility was lower for CM than SM (752 vs. 975 g/kg DM)...
September 27, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928517/the-effect-of-ultrasound-on-some-properties-of-pulse-hulls
#12
Esra Kaya, Necati Barış Tuncel, Neşe Yılmaz Tuncel
The aim of this study was to understand the effects of different ultrasound conditions on dietary fiber, phytic acid, total phenolics content, water and oil binding capacity, antioxidant capacity and phenolic acid composition of hull from green and red lentils (Lens culinaris), faba bean (Vicia faba), and pea (Pisum sativum). The highest and the lowest total dietary fiber content was observed in red lentil and faba bean hulls, respectively. Insoluble dietary fiber contents of the untreated pulse hulls were above 66% regardless of the pulse type...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928436/determination-of-quality-changes-in-peaches-wrapped-in-active-paper-and-stored-at-ambient-temperature-in-summer
#13
Xiao-Long Du, Hui Li, Wei-Hong Zhou, Ying Liu, Jian-Long Li
Peaches are known for their palatable flavor and abundant nutrients. However, peaches are perishable, and the existing preservation techniques for peaches are still immature. To further extend the shelf life and prevent nutrient loss of perishable peaches under ambient temperature in summer (approximately 25-32 °C), we conducted experiments wrapping peaches (Prunus persica cv 'Baihua') in single- and composite-treated vegetal fibrous papers that contained calcium carbonate, phytic acid, Na-alginate and vitamin C...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926677/ca-2-influxes-and-transmembrane-transport-are-essential-for-phytic-acid-degradation-in-mung-bean-sprouts
#14
Ting Zhou, Pei Wang, Runqiang Yang, Xinyue Wang, Zhenxin Gu
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid is considered as an antinutrient. Ca(2+) addition during germination has been proved to be an effective method for reducing phytic acid content in seeds. In this study, mung bean sprouts were treated with LaCl3 (La), verapamil (VP), ruthenium red (RR) and CaCl2 to explore the effect of Ca(2+) influxes on phytic acid degradation. RESULTS: 6 mM CaCl2 significantly improved extracellular and intracellular calcium precipitates and calcium content, elevated phytase and acid phosphatase activity and further enhanced phytic acid degradation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925862/biofactories-for-the-production-of-recombinant-phytases-and-its-application-in-animal-feed-industry
#15
Thais P P de Souza, Resyla M da Mariano, Mariana S Vieira, Suliana F V Andrade, Renato R Godoi, Ana Flavia A Gonçalves, Luciana P Naves, William J N Lima, Daniel B Gonçalves, Mariana Campos da Paz, Alexsandro S Galdino
BACKGROUND: Phytases are enzymes capable of degrading phytic acid and are used in animal feed supplementation in order to improve digestibility through the release of minerals such as phosphorus. Recent inventions show interest in production and optimization of recombinant phytases with biochemical and physicochemical characteristics promising for animal feed industry. METHODS: This review article is focused on relevant patents of the promising phytases, as well as the commonly used expression systems for its production, and also the tools currently used to generate new phytases...
September 15, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922751/inositol-hexakis-phosphate-is-the-seasonal-phosphorus-reservoir-in-the-deciduous-woody-plant-populus-alba-l
#16
Yuko Kurita, Kei'ichi Baba, Miwa Ohnishi, Ryosuke Matsubara, Keiko Kosuge, Aya Anegawa, Chizuko Shichijo, Kimitsune Ishizaki, Yasuko Kaneko, Masahiko Hayashi, Toshinobu Suzaki, Hidehiro Fukaki, Tetsuro Mimura
Seasonal recycling of nutrients is an important strategy for deciduous perennials. Deciduous perennials maintain and expand their nutrient pools by the autumn nutrient remobilization and the subsequent winter storage throughout their long life. Phosphorus (P), one of the most important elements in living organisms, is remobilized from senescing leaves during autumn in deciduous trees. However, it remains unknown how phosphate is stored over winter. Here we show that in poplar trees (Populus alba L.), organic phosphates are accumulated in twigs from late summer to winter, and that IP6 (myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakis phosphate: phytic acid) is the primary storage form...
September 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820531/phytic-acid-assisted-electrochemically-synthesized-three-dimensional-o-p-functionalized-graphene-monoliths-with-high-capacitive-performance
#17
Han-Yu Li, Lang Liu, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Shu-Shen Wang, Yao Yu, Lin Liu, Yue Wu
Three-dimensional functionalized graphene monoliths (3DFGMs) have attracted intensive attention as energy storage materials due to their unique interconnected porous structure, good electrical conductivity, excellent mechanical strength, and pseudocapacitive characteristic. Herein, we report a facile, green and low-cost strategy through a simple, one-step electrochemical process in a phytic acid solution to fabricate a 3DFGM. The 3D porous structure and functionalization of graphene can be obtained simultaneously...
August 31, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801839/biotransformation-with-cellulase-hemicellulase-and-yarrowia-lipolytica-boosts-health-benefits-of-okara
#18
Weng Chan Vong, Xin Ying Lim, Shao-Quan Liu
Okara (soybean residue) is a highly perishable food processing by-product from soymilk and tofu manufacture. It contains a large proportion of insoluble dietary fibre (40-60% on a dry basis), as well as digestion-resistant proteins, trypsin inhibitors and phytic acid. These factors contribute lead to the under-utilisation of okara. To improve the overall nutritional quality of okara, sequential saccharification of okara by Celluclast® 1.5L (cellulase) or Viscozyme® L (cellulase and hemicellulase) and fermentation by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica were performed...
August 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801677/polyacrylamide-phytic-acid-polydopamine-conducting-porous-hydrogel-for-efficient-removal-of-water-soluble-dyes
#19
Zhen Zhao, Leijiao Li, Girma Selale Geleta, Lina Ma, Zhenxin Wang
Removal of toxic dyes from wastewater has become a hot topic in both academic and industrial fields since there is growing concern about the threat of sewage to human health. Herein, we demonstrate that the three-dimensional porous polyacrylamide-phytic acid-polydopamine (termed as PAAM/PA/PDA) hydrogel can be served as reusable adsorbent with high efficiency for either anionic or cationic dyes. Using methyl blue (MB), methylene blue (YMB), methyl violet (MV) and neutral red (NR) as model dyes, we investigate the effect of pH, temperature, dye concentration, and PAAM/PA/PDA hydrogel mass on the adsorption...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800117/iron-fortification-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-to-address-iron-deficiency
#20
Rajib Podder, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Diane M DellaValle, Albert Vandenberg
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major human health concern in areas of the world in which diets are often Fe deficient. In the current study, we aimed to identify appropriate methods and optimal dosage for Fe fortification of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) dal with FeSO₄·7H₂O (ferrous sulphate hepta-hydrate), NaFeEDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid iron (III) sodium salt) and FeSO₄·H₂O (ferrous sulphate mono-hydrate). We used a colorimetric method to determine the appearance of the dal fortified with fortificants at different Fe concentrations and under different storage conditions...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
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