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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352252/towards-an-experimental-classification-system-for-membrane-active-peptides
#1
G D Brand, M H S Ramada, T C Genaro-Mattos, C Bloch
Mature proteins can act as potential sources of encrypted bioactive peptides that, once released from their parent proteins, might interact with diverse biomolecular targets. In recent work we introduced a systematic methodology to uncover encrypted intragenic antimicrobial peptides (IAPs) within large protein sequence libraries. Given that such peptides may interact with membranes in different ways, resulting in distinct observable outcomes, it is desirable to develop a predictive methodology to categorize membrane active peptides and establish a link to their physicochemical properties...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345928/physicochemical-properties-of-whey-protein-stabilized-astaxanthin-nanodispersion-and-its-transport-via-caco-2-monolayer
#2
Xue Shen, Changhui Zhao, Jing Lu, Mingruo Guo
Astaxanthin nanodispersion was prepared using whey protein isolate (WPI) and polymerized whey protein (PWP) through an emulsification-evaporation technique. The physicochemical properties of the astaxanthin nanodispersion were evaluated and the transport of astaxanthin was assessed using a Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The astaxanthin nanodispersions stabilized by WPI and PWP (2.5%, w/w) had a small particle size (121 ± 4.9 and 80.4 ± 5.9 nm), negative zeta potential (-19.3 ± 1.5 and -35.0 ± 2.2 mV), and high encapsulation efficiency (92...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320725/keratin-based-bioplastic-film-from-chicken-feathers-and-its-characterization
#3
Navina Ramakrishnan, Swati Sharma, Arun Gupta, Basma Yahya Alashwal
Plastics have been one of the highly valued materials and it plays an significant role in human's life such as in food packaging and biomedical applications. Bioplastic materials can gradually work as a substitute for various materials based on fossil oil. The issue like sustainability and environmental challenges which occur due to manufacturing and disposal of synthetic plastics can be conquering by bio-based plastics. Feathers are among the most inexpensive abundant, and renewable protein sources. Feathers disposal to the landfills leads to environmental pollutions and it results into wastage of 90% of protein raw material...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304023/insulin-inclusion-into-a-tragacanth-hydrogel-an-oral-delivery-system-for-insulin
#4
Mokhamad Nur, Todor Vasiljevic
Nanoparticles or microparticles created by physical complexation between two polyelectrolytes may have a prospective use as an excipient for oral insulin administration. Natural polymers such as tragacanth, alginate, dextran, pullulan, hyaluronic acid, gelatin and chitosan can be potential candidates for this purpose. In this research, insulin particles were prepared by the inclusion of insulin into a tragacanth hydrogel. The effect of the pH and concentration relationship involving polyelectrolytes offering individual particle size and zeta potential was assessed by zetasizer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
January 5, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258196/mussel-inspired-fabrication-of-konjac-glucomannan-poly-lactic-acid-cryogels-with-enhanced-thermal-and-mechanical-properties
#5
Lin Wang, Yi Yuan, Ruo-Jun Mu, Jingni Gong, Yongsheng Ni, Xin Hong, Jie Pang, Chunhua Wu
Three-dimensional nanofibers cryogels (NFCs) with both thermally-tolerant and mechanically-robust properties have potential for wide application in biomedical or food areas; however, creating such NFCs has proven to be extremely challenging. In this study, konjac glucomannan (KGM)/poly (lactic acid) (PLA)-based novel NFCs were prepared by the incorporation of the mussel-inspired protein polydopamine (PDA) via a facile and environmentally-friendly electrospinning and freeze-shaping technique. The obtained KGM/PLA/PDA (KPP) NFCs were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and compressive and tensile test...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239606/biosurfactant-protein-interaction-in%C3%AF-uences-of-mannosylerythritol-lipids-a-on-%C3%AE-glucosidase
#6
Linlin Fan, Pu-Jun Xie, Ying Wang, Zisu Huang, Jianzhong Zhou
In this work, the influences of a biosurfactant, mannosylerythritol lipids-A (MEL-A) towards β-glucosidase activity and their molecular interactions were studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD), isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and docking simulation. The enzyme inhibition kinetics data showed that MEL-A at a low concentration (< CMC, 20.0±5.0 μM) enhanced β-glucosidase activity, whereas it inhibited the enzyme activity at higher concentrations more than 20...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229244/the-functional-properties-and-structural-characteristics-of-deamidated-and-succinylated-wheat-gluten
#7
Yanhong Liu, Lingling Zhang, Yongxiang Li, Yang Yang, Fei Yang, Shuo Wang
Wheat gluten protein (WGP) was modified by deamidation and succinylation to improve its functional properties. The properties of deamidated and succinylated WGP were compared with those of unmodified WGP, deamidated WGP and succinylated WGP. Structural analysis was carried out with FTIR. Surface visualization was carried out with SEM and the thermal stability was determined by DSC. The results showed that an acylation level of 73.64% produced the optimal properties for modified WGP. After modification, its functional properties were significantly improved...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221707/development-of-a-borreliosis-assay-mannan-coated-polyethylene-sinter-bodies-as-a-new-platform-technology
#8
Mohammed Alasel, Nina Dassinger, Doru Vornicescu, Michael Keusgen
Rapid diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis has been carried out on chemically modified porous polyethylene sinter bodies. Photografting of 2-propenol on sinter body's surface was performed as a first step, introducing active hydroxyl groups as a result of polyalcohol formation. The hydroxyl groups were used for further immobilization and could be linked via 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to polysaccharides like mannan. Prone to coupling, mannan was activated using N, N'-disuccinimidyl carbonate (DSC) to allow smooth reaction with the primary amine groups of the silane layer...
December 5, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199122/spectroscopic-studies-of-the-interaction-between-alprazolam-and-apo-human-serum-transferrin-as-a-drug-carrier-protein
#9
Marzieh Karimian Amroabadi, Asghar Taheri-Kafrani, Leily Heidarpoor Saremi, Ali Asghar Rastegari
The interaction between apo-human serum transferrin (Apo-hTf) and alprazolam was investigated using various spectroscopic techniques. The drug quenched the fluorescence intensity of Apo-hTf and the mechanism behind the quenching was static. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS) that obtained from tryptophan fluorescence study revealed that the interactions between alprazolam and Apo-hTf were spontaneous. Collectively, hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonding most likely played major roles in Apo-hTf/alprazolam interactions...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197053/film-forming-ability-of-collagen-hydrolysate-extracted-from-leather-solid-wastes-with-chitosan
#10
Buğra Ocak
Discharges of huge quantities of leather solid wastes by leather industries and the increased use of synthetic packaging films have raised serious concerns on account of their environmental impacts. The paper focuses on the development and characterization of potential environmentally friendly composite films using collagen hydrolysate (CH) extracted from leather solid wastes and chitosan (C) to assess the feasibility of producing polymeric materials suitable for applications in packaging and wrapping purposes...
December 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196643/blood-serum-calorimetry-indicates-the-chemotherapeutic-efficacy-in-lung-cancer-treatment
#11
Karolina Kędra-Królik, Izabela Chmielewska, Anna Michnik, Piotr Zarzycki
Chemotherapy is a primary treatment for the metastatic lung cancer patients. To select the most effective combination of drugs, we need an efficient way of assessing tumor response. Here, we showed that differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis of blood serum proteins could reveal the patient response to the treatment. If chemotherapy is effective, serum proteins DSC curve of non-small cellular lung cancer (NSCLC) case is similar to the those of the healthy individuals. If treatment fails, notable changes occur in the DSC profile of NSCLC patient's blood serum...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176846/effect-of-drying-procedures-on-the-physicochemical-properties-and-antioxidant-activities-of-polysaccharides-from-crassostrea-gigas
#12
Sijie Hu, Guanhua Zhao, Yaxu Zheng, Min Qu, Qiao Jin, Changqing Tong, Wei Li
Crassostrea gigas polysaccharides (CGP) were obtained by different drying methods: freeze-drying (FD), spray-drying (SD) or rotary evaporation-drying (RED). The physicochemical properties of CGP were evaluated on the basis of polysaccharide content, protein content, color characteristics, FT-IR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Antioxidant activities were researched three different free radicals, including DPPH free radicals, ABTS free radicals and reducing power...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175166/extraction-and-physicochemical-characterization-of-chitin-and-chitosan-from-zophobas-morio-larvae-in-varying-sodium-hydroxide-concentration
#13
Chu Yong Soon, Yee Bond Tee, Choon Hui Tan, Abdul Talib Rosnita, Abdan Khalina
Large amount of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is consumed to remove the protein content in chitin biomass during deproteinization. However, excessive NaOH concentration used might lead to the reduction of cost effectiveness during chitin extraction. Hence, the present study aimed to extract and evaluate the physicochemical properties of chitin and chitosan isolated from superworm (Zophobas morio) larvae using 0.5M-2.0M of NaOH. The extracted chitin and chitosan were subjected to Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), elemental analysis, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166573/interaction-of-hsp90-with-phospholipid-model-membranes
#14
Muhan Zhang, Daoying Wang, Pengpeng Li, Chong Sun, Rong Xu, Zhiming Geng, Weimin Xu, Zhaoqi Dai
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an essential molecular chaperone with versatile functions in cell homeostatic control under both normal and stress conditions. Hsp90 has been found to be expressed on the cell surface, but the mechanism of Hsp90 association to the membrane remains obscure. In this study, the direct interaction of Hsp90 and phospholipid vesicles was characterized, and the role of Hsp90 on membrane physical state was explored. Using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we observed a strong interaction between Hsp90 and different compositions of lipid...
November 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165072/mpeg-pla-micelle-for-delivery-of-effective-parts-of-andrographis-paniculata
#15
Hailu Yao, Shiyong Song, Xiaolu Miao, Xiao Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiaoting Shao, Yu Zhang, Guang Han
Many studies have shown that Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees has a good anti-tumor effect, but poor solubility in water and poor bioavailability hinder the modernization of it. To formulate the effective parts (mainly diterpene lactones) of Andrographis paniculata (AEP) into targeting drug delivery system, a series of poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D.L-lactic acid)(mPEG-PLA) with different ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic segment were synthetized to encapsulate AEP. AEP micelles were prepared by a simple solvent-evaporation method...
November 19, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137765/effect-of-ultrasound-treatments-on-functional-properties-and-structure-of-millet-protein-concentrate
#16
Bahman Nazari, Mohammad Amin Mohammadifar, Saeedeh Shojaee-Aliabadi, Ehsan Feizollahi, Leila Mirmoghtadaie
In this study, the effect of high power ultrasound (US) probe in varying intensities and times (18.4, 29.58, and 73.95 W/cm(2) for 5, 12.5 and 20 min respectively) on functional properties of millet protein concentrate (MPC) was investigated, and also the structural properties of best modified treatment were evaluated by FTIR, DSC, Zeta potential and SDS-PAGE techniques. The results showed the solubility in all US treated MPC was significantly (p < .05) higher than those of the native MPC. Foaming capacity of native MPC (271...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132106/silver-oxide-nanoparticles-embedded-silk-fibroin-spuns-microwave-mediated-preparation-characterization-and-their-synergistic-wound-healing-and-anti-bacterial-activity
#17
Punuri Jayasekhar Babu, Mukesh Doble, Ashok M Raichur
The synergistic wound healing and antibacterial activity of silver oxide nanoparticles embedded silk fibroin (Ag2O-SF) spuns is reported here. UV-Vis spectro photometric analysis of these spuns showed the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) confirming the formation of the silver oxide nanoparticles (Ag2O NPs) on the surface of the silk fibroin (SF). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) also confirmed the presence of Ag2O NPs on surface of SF. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed the crystalline nature of both SF and Ag2O-SF...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131605/poly-%C3%AF-methoxyalkyl-acrylate-s-a-nonthrombogenic-polymer-family-with-tunable-protein-adsorption
#18
Shingo Kobayashi, Miyuki Wakui, Yukihisa Iwata, Masaru Tanaka
A series of polyacrylates with different n-alkyl side chain lengths (one to six, and twelve carbons) and a ω-methoxy terminal group [poly(ω-methoxyalkyl acrylate): PMCxA] were prepared to study their nonthrombogenicity using human platelet adhesion, micro bicinchoninic acid (micro BCA) protein assay, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests. In all cases, human platelet adhesion was suppressed on the PMCxA coated substrates, and the number of human platelets adhered to the PMC3A [poly(3-methoxypropyl acrylate)] coated surface was comparable to that of commercialized nonthrombogenic coating agent poly(2-methoxyethyl acrylate) (PMEA, equal to PMC2A)...
November 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121669/application-and-interpretation-of-functional-data-analysis-techniques-to-differential-scanning-calorimetry-data-from-lupus-patients
#19
Sarah K Kendrick, Qi Zheng, Nichola C Garbett, Guy N Brock
BACKGROUND: DSC is used to determine thermally-induced conformational changes of biomolecules within a blood plasma sample. Recent research has indicated that DSC curves (or thermograms) may have different characteristics based on disease status and, thus, may be useful as a monitoring and diagnostic tool for some diseases. Since thermograms are curves measured over a range of temperature values, they are considered functional data. In this paper we apply functional data analysis techniques to analyze differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) data from individuals from the Lupus Family Registry and Repository (LFRR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084238/doliroside-a-from-dolichos-falcata-klein-suppressing-amyloid-%C3%AE-protein-42-fibrillogenesis-an-insight-at-molecular-level
#20
Dongpu Li, Hongfei Yu, Qinxiong Lin, Yun Liu
A bioactive chemical constituent, doliroside A, from Chinese traditional herbal medicine Dolichos falcata Klein was isolated, purified and identified by 60% ethanol extraction, thin layer chromatography (TLC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Molecular interaction mechanism between doliroside and amyloid β42 protein was evaluated by thioflavin T fluorescence (ThT), circular dichroism (CD), atomic force microscope (AFM), and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) from the aspects of kinetics, secondary structure, morphology, and thermodynamics, respectively...
2017: PloS One
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