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DSC protein

K Jena, J P Pandey, Ruchi Kumari, A K Sinha, V P Gupta, G P Singh
The present study, investigates the properties of sericin extracted from tasar silk fiber waste (TSFW). Separation of residual sericin from TSFW was confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The molecular weight distribution of sericin was examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The results suggested that TSFW sericin represented a family of proteins with wide-ranging molecular weight distribution (11-245 kDa). Structural determination by FTIR revealed the presence of both α-helical and β-sheet structures...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jonas V Schaefer, Erik Sedlák, Florian Kast, Michal Nemergut, Andreas Plückthun
Biophysical properties of antibody-based biopharmaceuticals are a critical part of their release criteria. In this context, finding the appropriate formulation is equally important as optimizing their intrinsic biophysical properties through protein engineering, and both are mutually dependent. Most previous studies have empirically tested the impact of additives on measures of colloidal stability, while mechanistic aspects have usually been limited to only the thermodynamic stability of the protein. Here we emphasize the kinetic impact of additives on the irreversible denaturation steps of immunoglobulins G (IgG) and their antigen-binding fragments (Fabs), as these are the key committed steps preceding aggregation, and thus especially informative in elucidating the molecular parameters of activity loss...
March 14, 2018: MAbs
Krešimir Mastanjević, Dragan Kovačević
BACKGROUND: Possible new additives for surimi-like products made from chicken meat, which could improve its functional properties during frozen storage, are the subject of much research. The use of dietary fibre in surimi-like products made from chicken meat has not been extensively studied. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of barley bran flour in stabilizing chicken myofibrillar proteins during frozen storage and maintaining its functionality. METHODS: Surimi-like material (chicken myofibrillar protein concentrate – CMPC) from mechanically deboned chicken meat was mixed with barley bran flour (0–6%) and stored in a freezer for 30, 60, 90 and 180 days...
January 2018: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
Bruna Carbas, Shivani Pathania, Ana Castanho, Diana Lourenço, Isabel Mota Veiga, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto, Carla Brites
The present study was aimed at studying the physico-chemical and functional properties of 31 Portuguese common bean varieties. In addition, the whole bean flours (WBF) and starch isolates (SI) of three representative bean varieties and their rice: bean blends (70:30; 50:50) were assessed for amylose content, thermal and pasting properties in view of supplementation in rice based processed foods. Bean varieties showed significant differences in protein content (20.78-27.10%), fat content (1.16-2.18%), hydration capacity (95...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
María E Latorre, Diego E Velázquez, Peter P Purslow
The thermal denaturation of collagen in perimysial intramuscular connective tissue isolated from bovine Semitendinosus (ST) and Perctoralis profundus (PP) muscles was investigated using a range of heating rates in differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and analysed by application of the Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Lumry-Eyring models. Thermograms showed a broadening of endotherms and a shift towards higher temperatures as the thermal scanning rate increased. These features are consistent with the two-step process of a reversible transition between native and unfolded collagen molecules followed by an irreversible transition between unfolded and denatured states...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
James R Banigan, Maureen Leninger, Ampon Sae Her, Nathaniel J Traaseth
It is known that the lipid composition within a cellular membrane can influence membrane protein structure and function. In this Article, we investigated how structural changes to a membrane protein upon substrate binding can impact the lipid bilayer. To carry out this study, we reconstituted the secondary active drug transporter EmrE into a variety of phospholipid bilayers varying in headgroup and chain length and carried out differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and solid-state NMR experiments. The DSC results revealed a difference in cooperativity of the lipid phase transition for drug-free EmrE protonated at glutamic acid 14 (i...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Jacqueline Horn, Wolfgang Friess
The collapse temperature (Tc) and the glass transition temperature of freeze-concentrated solutions (Tg') as well as the crystallization behavior of excipients are important physicochemical characteristics which guide the cycle development in freeze-drying. The most frequently used methods to determine these values are differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and freeze-drying microscopy (FDM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the optical fiber system (OFS) unit as alternative tool for the analysis of Tc, Tg' and crystallization events...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Mengge Zheng, Chen Chao, Jinglin Yu, Les Copeland, Shuo Wang, Shujun Wang
The effects of chain length and degree of unsaturation of fatty acids (FAs) on structure and in vitro digestibility of starch-protein-FA complexes were investigated in model systems. Studies with the Rapid Visco Analyser (RVA) showed that the formation of ternary complex resulted in higher viscosities than those of binary complex during the cooling and holding stages. The results of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Raman and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the structural differences for ternary complexes were much less than those for binary complexes...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xinxin Wang, Mingyuan Du, Guobin Mao, Jiao Zheng, Jinyang Chen, Xinghu Ji, Zhike He
A new kind of polymeric material (PNIPAAm-co-SA) was prepared by conjugating a thermosensitive polymer, Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) with streptavidin (SA). This smart prepared composite displayed a controllable conformation change between an expanded and a collapsed form, below or above its lower critical solution temperature (LCST). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis demonstrated that the PNIPAAm-co-SA bioconjugate showed the same LCST as the original synthetic polymer, PNIPAAm, which was also 32°C...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
Bibekananda Kar, Preeti Verma, Riaan den Haan, Ashwani Kumar Sharma
In this study, the effect of N-glycosylation on the conformational and functional stability of Putranjiva roxburghii family 1 β-glucosidase (PRGH1) enzyme was investigated. The deglycosylation of PRGH1 was carried out by using PNGase F enzyme and confirmed by SDS-PAGE and carbohydrate estimation. Comparative analysis with respect to enzyme activity, stability and aggregation behaviour was carried out for the glycosylated and deglycosylated PRGH1. The deglycosylation of PRGH1 affected enzyme activity to a certain extent only where Km was not affected but a slight reduction in Vmax for various substrates was observed...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Khairy M Tohamy, Mostafa Mabrouk, Islam E Soliman, Hanan H Beherei, Mohamed A Aboelnasr
Sodium alginate (SA)/hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composite scaffolds were explored for enhanced in vitro bone regeneration. The SA/HEC/HA composites were synthesized using the lyophilization technique and further cross-linked in the presence of calcium ions to form composite hydrogel networks. The physicochemical, thermal behavior and morphology properties of the prepared scaffolds were characterized through XRD, DSC/TGA, FTIR and SEM. Furthermore, the mechanical behavior of the under investigated scaffolds was determined using texture analyzer...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Loveleen Sharma, Harish Kumar Sharma, Charanjiv Singh Saini
Films were developed from sesame protein crosslinked with three different carboxylic acids (malic acid, citric acid and succinic acid) at 1, 3 and 5% (w/w, on protein isolate basis). The effect of crosslinking on physical, mechanical, thermal and morphological properties was studied. Succinic acid crosslinked films exhibited least water vapor permeability the highest tensile strength and overall showed superlative properties among other films. X-ray diffraction showed single main crystalline reflection at 20° indicating amorphous structure of films...
February 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Zeba Siddiqui, Mohd Ishtikhar, Moinuddin, Saheem Ahmad
Glycation of biological macromolecule leads to the establishment of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) having implications in metabolic disorders. d‑ribose appears to be the most reactive among the naturally occurring sugars and contribute significantly to the glycation reactions in vivo, however, no report have been published yet to discuss d‑ribose induced glycation of hemoglobin (Hb). Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate d‑ribose induced glycoxidative damage to Hb protein. Briefly, the commercially available Hb was glycated with d‑ribose for varying time intervals...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xi Yang, Felichi Mae Arines, Weichao Zhang, Ming Li
The yeast Dsc E3 ligase complex has long been recognized as a Golgi-specific protein ubquitination system. It shares a striking sequence similarity to the Hrd1 complex that plays critical roles in the ER-associated degradation pathway. Using biochemical purification and mass spectrometry, we identified two novel Dsc subunits, which we named as Gld1 and Vld1. Surprisingly, Gld1 and Vld1 do not coexist in the same complex. Instead, they compete with each other to form two functionally independent Dsc subcomplexes...
January 22, 2018: ELife
G D Brand, M H S Ramada, T C Genaro-Mattos, C Bloch
Mature proteins can act as potential sources of encrypted bioactive peptides that, once released from their parent proteins, might interact with diverse biomolecular targets. In recent work we introduced a systematic methodology to uncover encrypted intragenic antimicrobial peptides (IAPs) within large protein sequence libraries. Given that such peptides may interact with membranes in different ways, resulting in distinct observable outcomes, it is desirable to develop a predictive methodology to categorize membrane active peptides and establish a link to their physicochemical properties...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xue Shen, Changhui Zhao, Jing Lu, Mingruo Guo
Astaxanthin nanodispersion was prepared using whey protein isolate (WPI) and polymerized whey protein (PWP) through an emulsification-evaporation technique. The physicochemical properties of the astaxanthin nanodispersion were evaluated and the transport of astaxanthin was assessed using a Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The astaxanthin nanodispersions stabilized by WPI and PWP (2.5%, w/w) had a small particle size (121 ± 4.9 and 80.4 ± 5.9 nm), negative zeta potential (-19.3 ± 1.5 and -35.0 ± 2.2 mV), and high encapsulation efficiency (92...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Navina Ramakrishnan, Swati Sharma, Arun Gupta, Basma Yahya Alashwal
Plastics have been one of the highly valued materials and it plays an significant role in human's life such as in food packaging and biomedical applications. Bioplastic materials can gradually work as a substitute for various materials based on fossil oil. The issue like sustainability and environmental challenges which occur due to manufacturing and disposal of synthetic plastics can be conquering by bio-based plastics. Feathers are among the most inexpensive abundant, and renewable protein sources. Feathers disposal to the landfills leads to environmental pollutions and it results into wastage of 90% of protein raw material...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mokhamad Nur, Todor Vasiljevic
Nanoparticles or microparticles created by physical complexation between two polyelectrolytes may have a prospective use as an excipient for oral insulin administration. Natural polymers such as tragacanth, alginate, dextran, pullulan, hyaluronic acid, gelatin and chitosan can be potential candidates for this purpose. In this research, insulin particles were prepared by the inclusion of insulin into a tragacanth hydrogel. The effect of the pH and concentration relationship involving polyelectrolytes offering individual particle size and zeta potential was assessed by zetasizer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
January 5, 2018: Materials
Lin Wang, Yi Yuan, Ruo-Jun Mu, Jingni Gong, Yongsheng Ni, Xin Hong, Jie Pang, Chunhua Wu
Three-dimensional nanofibers cryogels (NFCs) with both thermally-tolerant and mechanically-robust properties have potential for wide application in biomedical or food areas; however, creating such NFCs has proven to be extremely challenging. In this study, konjac glucomannan (KGM)/poly (lactic acid) (PLA)-based novel NFCs were prepared by the incorporation of the mussel-inspired protein polydopamine (PDA) via a facile and environmentally-friendly electrospinning and freeze-shaping technique. The obtained KGM/PLA/PDA (KPP) NFCs were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and compressive and tensile test...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Linlin Fan, Pujun Xie, Ying Wang, Zisu Huang, Jianzhong Zhou
In this work, the influences of a biosurfactant, mannosylerythritol lipids-A (MEL-A) toward β-glucosidase activity and their molecular interactions were studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), circular dichroism spectroscopy (CD), isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and docking simulation. The enzyme inhibition kinetics data showed that MEL-A at a low concentration (< critical micelle concentration (CMC), 20.0 ± 5.0 μM) enhanced β-glucosidase activity, whereas it inhibited the enzyme activity at higher concentrations more than 20...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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