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BMI and mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432383/increased-blood-cadmium-levels-were-not-associated-with-increased-fracture-risk-but-with-increased-total-mortality-in-women-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#1
L Moberg, P M Nilsson, G Samsioe, G Sallsten, L Barregard, G Engström, C Borgfeldt
This study aimed to investigate if high levels of blood cadmium at baseline were associated with increased fracture risk during follow-up in middle-aged women. No increased fracture risk was observed during follow-up, but women with higher levels of cadmium had an increased overall mortality. INTRODUCTION: Exposure to high levels of cadmium has been associated with an increased fracture risk. The aim was to investigate a perceived association between low levels of blood cadmium (B-Cd) at baseline and risk of first incident fracture...
April 21, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430961/whether-people-believe-that-overweight-is-unhealthy-depends-on-their-bmi
#2
Simone Dohle, Tamara Bucher
An online experiment with 536 participants was conducted to investigate how people who differ in body weight perceive scientific information on body weight and mortality. The results showed that individuals who were aware that they are overweight were more inclined to trust a study that showed that overweight reduces mortality (P < 0.001). This finding is relevant as the BMI-mortality association remains a matter of scientific and public debate and people's risk perceptions influences their willingness to change behaviour...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430296/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-the-outcome-of-surgical-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-devices-vv-ecmo-pecla-for-respiratory-failure
#3
Justyna Swol, Dirk Buchwald, Justus T Strauch, Thomas A Schildhauer, Christopher Ull
INTRODUCTION: To determine whether obese surgical patients are at a significant disadvantage in terms of outcomes after extracorporeal device (ECD) support, such as veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) or pumpless extracorporeal lung assist (pECLA), for respiratory failure, the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and hospital outcomes was analyzed. METHODS: This retrospective study included data on patients who were supported with an ECD between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429125/low-plasma-homoarginine-concentration-is-associated-with-high-rates-of-all-cause-mortality-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#4
Arslan Arinc Kayacelebi, Isidor Minović, Erik Hanff, Anne-Roos S Frenay, Martin H de Borst, Martin Feelisch, Harry van Goor, Stephan J L Bakker, Dimitrios Tsikas
In renal transplant recipients (RTR), we recently found that low urinary excretion of homoarginine (hArg) is associated with mortality and graft failure. However, it is not known whether such prospective associations also hold true for plasma concentrations of hArg. In the present study, we therefore determined plasma concentrations of hArg in the same cohort, i.e. in 687 RTR (functioning graft ≥1 year), and in 140 healthy donors, before and after kidney donation. Plasma hArg concentrations were significantly lower in RTR compared to healthy controls [1...
April 20, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429111/impact-of-serum-albumin-levels-on-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Hideki Wada, Tomotaka Dohi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Jun Shitara, Hirohisa Endo, Shinichiro Doi, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Hiroyuki Daida
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between low serum albumin levels and both coronary artery disease (CAD) and mortality. However, the long-term clinical impact of low serum albumin level in patients with CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not yet been fully investigated. We studied 2860 all-comer patients with CAD who underwent their first PCI and had data available for pre-procedural serum albumin between 2000 and 2011. Patients were assigned to tertiles based on pre-procedural albumin levels...
April 20, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428699/putative-role-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-among-poorly-controlled-asthmatics-in-south-indian-population
#6
Murugaiyan Sathish Babu, K P Sreesoorya, Surendra K Menon, Subiman Saha, A R Srinivasan, S Arul Vijaya Vani, R Reeta, V Kuzhandai Velu
Mortality and morbidity attributed to asthma remains to be the biggest nightmare worldwide. Hence, the study was aimed to compare the cardio metabolic risk factors as assessed by Body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), serum triacylglycerol and uric acid in well controlled and poorly controlled asthmatics and to correlate these parameters with the severity of asthma. A case control study was conducted on 90 subjects who were segregated into well controlled asthmatics (n = 30) and poorly controlled asthmatics (n = 30) who were diagnosed based on Global initiative for Asthma management guidelines and healthy volunteers (n = 30)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426913/body-mass-index-weight-loss-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Bryant R England, Joshua F Baker, Harlan Sayles, Kaleb Michaud, Liron Caplan, Lisa A Davis, Grant W Cannon, Brian C Sauer, E Blair Solow, Andreas M Reimold, Gail S Kerr, Ted R Mikuls
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of body mass index (BMI) and weight loss with cause-specific mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A cohort of U.S. Veterans with RA were followed until death or through 2013. BMI was categorized as underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. Weight loss was calculated as the: 1) annualized rate of change over the preceding 13 months and 2) cumulative percent. Vital status and cause of death were obtained from the National Death Index...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424127/analysis-of-mortality-in-traumatically-injured-patients-based-on-body-mass-index-and-mechanism-reveals-highest-mortality-among-the-underweight-in-comparison-with-the-ideal-weight-patients
#8
Kevin Treto, Karen Safcsak, David Chesire, Indermeet S Bhullar
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on mortality after traumatic injury. The records of patients from 2012 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were stratified into the following groups based on admission BMI (kg/m2): underweight (UW) (BMI <19), ideal weight (IW) (BMI = 19-24.9), overweight (OW) (BMI = 25-29.9), obese (OB) (BMI = 30-39.9), and morbid obese (MO) (BMI >40). The groups were well matched with no significant differences in demographics and Injury Severity Score...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423065/association-of-body-mass-index-with-clinical-outcomes-for-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-adult-patients-following-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Eunmi Gil, Soo Jin Na, Jeong-Am Ryu, Dae-Sang Lee, Chi Ryang Chung, Yang Hyun Cho, Kyeongman Jeon, Kiick Sung, Gee Young Suh, Jeong Hoon Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity might be associated with disturbance of cannulation in situation of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR). However, limited data are available on obesity in the setting of ECPR. Therefore, we investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcome in patients underwent ECPR. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2013, in-hospital cardiac arrest patients who had ECPR were enrolled from a single-center registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423041/modeling-the-shape-and-composition-of-the-human-body-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-images
#10
John A Shepherd, Bennett K Ng, Bo Fan, Ann V Schwartz, Peggy Cawthon, Steven R Cummings, Stephen Kritchevsky, Michael Nevitt, Adam Santanasto, Timothy F Cootes
There is growing evidence that body shape and regional body composition are strong indicators of metabolic health. The purpose of this study was to develop statistical models that accurately describe holistic body shape, thickness, and leanness. We hypothesized that there are unique body shape features that are predictive of mortality beyond standard clinical measures. We developed algorithms to process whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans into body thickness and leanness images. We performed statistical appearance modeling (SAM) and principal component analysis (PCA) to efficiently encode the variance of body shape, leanness, and thickness across sample of 400 older Americans from the Health ABC study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422955/low-cholesterol-level-associated-with-severity-and-outcome-of-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-results-from-taiwan-stroke-registry
#11
Yu-Wei Chen, Chen-Hua Li, Chih-Dong Yang, Chung-Hsiang Liu, Chih-Hung Chen, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Shinn-Kuang Lin, An-Chih Chen, Ping-Kun Chen, Po-Lin Chen, Chung-Hsin Yeh, Jiunn-Rong Chen, Yu-Jen Hsiao, Ching-Huang Lin, Shih-Pin Hsu, Tsang-Shan Chen, Sheng-Feng Sung, Shih-Chieh Yu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chi Pang Wen, Fung-Chang Sung, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Chung Y Hsu
The relationship between cholesterol level and hemorrhagic stroke is inconclusive. We hypothesized that low cholesterol levels may have association with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) severity at admission and 3-month outcomes. This study used data obtained from a multi-center stroke registry program in Taiwan. We categorized acute spontaneous ICH patients, based on their baseline levels of total cholesterol (TC) measured at admission, into 3 groups with <160, 160-200 and >200 mg/dL of TC. We evaluated risk of having initial stroke severity, with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) >15 and unfavorable outcomes (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score >2, 3-month mortality) after ICH by the TC group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422916/beware-of-the-interval-cholecystectomy
#12
James Ackerman, Ryan Abegglen, Mark Scaife, Andrew Peitzman, Matthew Rosengart, Wallis Marsh, Kurt Stahlfeld
BACKGROUND *: Despite limited data regarding the indications and effectiveness of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) in the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC), usage has increased by over 500% since 1994. Many of these patients subsequently undergo interval cholecystectomy (IC), a procedure that has not been rigorously evaluated. This aim of this study was to quantify the morbidity and mortality associated with the IC. METHODS *: We included all consecutive adult patients (>18 years old) who underwent PC and IC from January 2008 to December 2013...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419741/optimal-treatment-strategy-for-acute-cholecystitis-based-on-predictive-factors-japan-taiwan-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
Itaru Endo, Tadahiro Takada, Tsann-Long Hwang, Kohei Akazawa, Rintaro Mori, Fumihiko Miura, Masamichi Yokoe, Takao Itoi, Harumi Gomi, Miin-Fu Chen, Yi-Yin Jan, Chen-Guo Ker, Hsiu-Po Wang, Seiki Kiriyama, Keita Wada, Hiroki Yamaue, Masaru Miyazaki, Masakazu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Although early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is widely performed for acute cholecystitis, the optimal timing of a cholecystectomy in clinically ill patients remains controversial. This study aims to determine the best practice for the patients presenting with acute cholecystitis focused on disease severity and co-morbidities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An international multicentric retrospective observational study was conducted over a 2-year period. Patients were divided into four groups, Group A: primary cholecystectomy, Group B: cholecystectomy after gallbladder drainage, Group C: gallbladder drainage alone, and Group D: medical treatment alone...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416170/hepcidin-serum-levels-and-resistance-to-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-therapy-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Kristina Petrulienė, Edita Žiginskienė, Vytautas Kuzminskis, Irena Nedzelskienė, Inga Arūnė Bumblytė
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that are associated with the response to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and its association with hospitalization and mortality rates; to evaluate the serum hepcidin level and its associations with iron profile, inflammatory markers, ESA responsiveness, and mortality; and to determine independent factors affecting ERI and hepcidin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate a dose-response effect of ESAs we used the erythropoietin resistance index (ERI)...
March 31, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411242/differences-in-short-and-long-term-mortality-associated-with-bmi-following-coronary-revascularization
#15
Tasuku Terada, Mary Forhan, Colleen M Norris, Weiyu Qiu, Raj Padwal, Arya M Sharma, Jayan Nagendran, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: The association between obesity and mortality risks following coronary revascularization is not clear. We examined the associations of BMI (kg/m(2)) with short-, intermediate-, and long-term mortality following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with different coronary anatomy risks and diabetes mellitus status. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) registry were analyzed...
April 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411079/commentary-on-a-meta-analysis-but-not-a-systematic-review-an-evaluation-of-the-global-bmi-mortality-collaboration
#16
Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh, Frank B Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406852/survivorship-after-high-energy-geriatric-trauma
#18
Ida Leah Gitajn, Renan Castillo, Stephen Breazeale, Carrie Schoonover, Peter Berger, Yanjie Huang, Nathan O'Hara, Robert V O'Toole, Marcus F Sciadini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in-hospital, 1-year, and 5-year survivorship of geriatric patients after high-energy trauma, to compare survivorship of geriatric patients who sustained high-energy trauma with that of those who sustained low-energy trauma, and to identify predictors for mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Urban Level I trauma center. PATIENTS: Study group of 1849 patients with high-energy trauma and comparison group of 761 patients with low-energy trauma...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405951/posterior-retroperitonoscopic-adrenalectomy-a-back-door-access-with-an-unusually-rapid-learning-curve
#19
Sohail Bakkar, Gabriele Materazzi, Lorenzo Fregoli, Piermarco Papini, Paolo Miccoli
Posterior retroperitonoscopic adrenalectomy (PRA) has become a standard approach to the adrenal gland. The aim of this study was to report an initial experience with the procedure following a proper preparatory phase highlighting the rapidity, safety and effectiveness by which it could be introduced into a surgeon's practice. Between May 2015 and July 2016, 14 PRAs were performed in 14 patients (9 females and 5 males). The average age was 46 years, BMI: 25.5 kg/m(2), and ASA score: 2. Indications included: incidenatloma (n = 5), Conn's adenoma (n = 5), and Cushing's adenoma (n = 4)...
April 12, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405877/revision-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-biliopancreatic-long-limb-gastric-bypass-for-inadequate-weight-response-case-series-and-analysis
#20
Henry Buchwald, Danette M Oien
BACKGROUND: The long-limb Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LLRYGB) was introduced in 1987 as a salvage operation for inadequate weight loss after a standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: We report on 53 consecutive patients (44 females) with conversion of a failed RYGB to a LLRYGB performed by a single surgeon between 2002 and 2014. No patient had an ascertainable anatomic abnormality to explain his/her weight regain. LLRYGB revision consisted of a 75-cm to 100-cm alimentary Roux limb and a 75-cm to 100-cm common channel; after 2011, in suitable patients, the Roux limb was lengthened to greater than 250 cm...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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