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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774300/epidemiology-of-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-three-departments-of-south-central-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-before-the-implementation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#1
Gaoussou Coulibaly, Mamadou Ouattara, Kouassi Dongo, Eveline Hürlimann, Fidèle K Bassa, Naférima Koné, Clémence Essé, Richard B Yapi, Bassirou Bonfoh, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso, Eliézer K N'Goran
Hundreds of millions of people are infected with helminths and intestinal protozoa, particularly children in low- and middle-income countries. Preventive chemotherapy is the main strategy to control helminthiases. However, rapid re-infection occurs in settings where there is a lack of clean water, sanitation and hygiene. In August and September 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological survey in 56 communities of three departments of south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Study participants were invited to provide stool and urine samples...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774289/high-prevalence-of-intestinal-worms-in-children-up-to-5-years-of-age-in-huaphan-province-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#2
Naphavanh Nanthavong, Antony P Black, Phonepadith Khattignavong, Lavy Lorphachan, Keooudomphone Vilivong, Sylvie Goossens, Yves Buisson, Fabrice Quet, Claude P Muller, Satoshi Nakamura
Background: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection is high in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), reaching 62% among school-children. However, this prevalence presents wide regional variations, due to differences in healthcare access and environmental factors. Curiously, there are few studies on helminth infections in pre-school children - an age group targeted by the national de-worming campaign. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted in a remote region of Huaphan Province, North Laos, to determine the prevalence of helminth infections in pre-school children...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770668/-surveillance-of-soil-borne-nematodiasis-in-population-in-hefei-city-2012-2015
#3
Pan Xiao-Xiang, An Jin-Sheng, Zhu Li, Wei Hong-Sheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the surveillance results of soil-borne nematodiasis in Hefei City from 2012 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence formulating the Hefei "Thirteen-five" parasitic disease prevention strategy. METHODS: The population in monitoring points in Changfeng County, Lujiang City and Chaohu County were investigated for Ascaris lumbricoides , Trichuristrichiura and hookworm infections with Kato-Katz technique every year from 2012 to 2015, and the children aged less than 6 years were checked for Enterobius vermicularis infection by using the cellophane tape method...
February 10, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770664/-survey-and-analysis-of-major-human-parasitic-diseases-in-chongqing-city
#4
Li Shan-Shan, Luo Fei, Xie Jun, Yuan Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemic of major human parasitic diseases in Chongqing City, so as to provide a reference for developing prevention and control strategies. METHODS: According to the unified methods formulated by the national investigation scheme and stratified cluster random sampling, 36 rural pilots and 50 urban pilots were selected in Chongqing City. The number of the objects investigated in individual pilot was defined over 250. RESULTS: Totally 22 263 residents were detected...
March 2, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770663/-in-silico-cloning-and-comparative-analysis-of-nad1-gene-in-three-common-human-parasites
#5
Xie Jian, Zhao Yong-Xia, Yang Ming-Li, Zhang Zhi-Min, Jia Qi
OBJECTIVE: To in silico clone the NAD1 gene of three common parasites and analyze their bioinformatics, so as to lay the foundation for further research on the NAD gene. METHODS: By using the in silico cloning method, the full length cDNA (s) of NAD 1 genes of Clonorchis sinensis , Ascaris lumbricoides and Schistosoma japonicum were got, then their physical and chemical properties, compositions of amino acids, subcellular localizations, binary and ternary structures were contrastively analyzed...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756695/stimulating-versus-non-stimulating-catheter-for-lumbar-plexus-continuous-infusion-after-total-hip-replacement
#6
Gianluca Cappelleri, Daniela Ghisi, Andrea L Ambrosoli, Alice Ascari, Elisa Compagnino, Marco Gemma, Giorgio Danelli
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to investigate whether stimulating catheters for continuous lumbar plexus block reduce local anesthetic consumption after hip arthroplasty if compared with traditional non-stimulating catheters. METHODS: Seventy-two ASA I-III, 18-82 year-old, undergoing primary hip replacement (THA) for osteoarthritis with spinal anesthesia were randomized into two groups: Stim group (stimulating catheter, n=36) and Nonstim group (non-stimulating catheter, n=36)...
May 11, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752313/schistosomiasis-induces-persistent-dna-methylation-and-tuberculosis-specific-immune-changes
#7
Andrew R DiNardo, Tomoki Nishiguchi, Emily M Mace, Kimal Rajapakshe, Godwin Mtetwa, Alexander Kay, Gugu Maphalala, W Evan Secor, Rojelio Mejia, Jordan S Orange, Cristian Coarfa, Kapil N Bhalla, Edward A Graviss, Anna M Mandalakas, George Makedonas
Epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, determine immune cell phenotype. To understand the epigenetic alterations induced by helminth coinfections, we evaluated the longitudinal effect of ascariasis and schistosomiasis infection on CD4+ T cell DNA methylation and the downstream tuberculosis (TB)-specific and bacillus Calmette-Guérin-induced immune phenotype. All experiments were performed on human primary immune cells from a longitudinal cohort of recently TB-exposed children. Compared with age-matched uninfected controls, children with active Schistosoma haematobium and Ascaris lumbricoides infection had 751 differentially DNA-methylated genes, with 72% hypermethylated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746467/disentangling-complex-parasite-interactions-protection-against-cerebral-malaria-by-one-helminth-species-is-jeopardized-by-co-infection-with-another
#8
Jessica L Abbate, Vanessa O Ezenwa, Jean-François Guégan, Marc Choisy, Mathieu Nacher, Benjamin Roche
Multi-species interactions can often have non-intuitive consequences. However, the study of parasite interactions has rarely gone beyond the effects of pairwise combinations of species, and the outcomes of multi-parasite interactions are poorly understood. We investigated the effects of co-infection by four gastrointestinal helminth species on the development of cerebral malaria among Plasmodium falciparum-infected patients. We characterized associations among the helminth parasite infra-community, and then tested for independent (direct) and co-infection dependent (indirect) effects of helminths on cerebral malaria risk...
May 10, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742872/genetic-diversity-of-ascaris-in-china-assessed-using-simple-sequence-repeat-markers
#9
Chunhua Zhou, Shaoqing Jian, Weidong Peng, Min Li
The giant roundworm Ascaris infects pigs and people worldwide and causes serious diseases. The taxonomic relationship between Ascaris suum and Ascaris lumbricoides is still unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the genetic diversity and population genetic structure of 258 Ascaris specimens from humans and pigs from 6 sympatric regions in Ascaris -endemic regions of China using existing simple sequence repeat data. The microsatellite markers showed a high level of allelic richness and genetic diversity in the samples...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728136/diagnostic-performance-of-direct-wet-mount-microscopy-in-detecting-intestinal-helminths-among-pregnant-women-attending-ante-natal-care-anc-in-east-wollega-oromia-ethiopia
#10
Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist, Gebreselassie Demeke, Olifan Zewdie, Adugna Belew
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of direct wet mount microscopy compared to formalin ether concentration (FEC) technique in detecting intestinal helminths in pregnant women. RESULTS: The total prevalence of intestinal helminths was 18.8% (70/372) by direct wet mount microscopy and 24.7% (92/372) by FEC technique (P < 0.001). The sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV) and test efficiency (TE) of direct wet mount microscopy in diagnosing intestinal helminths was 76, 92...
May 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710690/the-combined-effects-of-the-microcirculatory-status-and-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-platelet-count-and-function-during-cardiac-surgery
#11
Umberto Di Dedda, Marco Ranucci, Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Alice Ascari, Angela Fantinato, Ekaterina Baryshnikova, Mauro Cotza
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with important changes in the microcirculation, usually attributed to endothelial dysfunction. Another common finding of cardiac surgery is postoperative thrombocytopenia and platelet loss of function. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between microvascular flow pattern and postoperative changes in platelet count and function in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Twelve adult cardiac surgery patients received microvascular circulation (sidestream darkfield sublingual mucosa analysis) and platelet count and function (multiple electrode aggregometry ADPtest and TRAPtest) assessment before and after cardiopulmonary bypass...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707665/helminths-and-heavy-metals-in-soils-from-a-dumpsite-in-ibadan-city-nigeria
#12
A Adesewa, O Morenikeji
Waste generation is inevitable because humans continue to generate waste due to increase in population, urbanization and advancement in technology. This generation of waste is of public health concern especially when the waste materials are deposited on dumpsites. This study assessed the helminths and heavy metal content of Awotan dumpsite in Ibadan city. Surface soils (0-15cm depth) of the dumpsite were randomly sampled at different dumpsite areas with the aid of a quadrat. Helminth content was determined using the zinc floatation method and the heavy metal concentrations of the soil were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS)...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705768/soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-and-nutritional-status-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-national-survey-and-implications-for-control-strategies
#13
Ana L Moncayo, Raquel Lovato, Philip J Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The estimation of prevalence and intensity of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections at a country-level is an essential prerequisite for the implementation of a rational control programme. The aim of this present study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of STH infections and malnutrition in school-age children in rural areas of Ecuador. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study from October 2011 to May 2012. SETTING: Eighteen rural schools were randomly selected from the three ecological regions of Ecuador (coastal, highlands and Amazon basin)...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705361/diversity-and-prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-two-wild-galago-species-in-gabon
#14
Larson Boundenga, Cyr Moussadji, Illich Manfred Mombo, Barthélémy Ngoubangoye, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Jean-Pierre Hugot
In this study, we characterize the diversity and estimated infection levels of gastrointestinal parasites circulating in two galago species, Galago demidoff and G. thomasi in two sites situated in the Southeastern forests of Gabon. Our study reveals that eleven parasites including nine helminthes (Ascaris spp, Ankylostoma spp, Dicrocoelium spp, Gongylonema spp, Oesophagostomum spp, Lemuricola spp, Strongyloides spp Trichostrongylus spp and Trichuris spp) and two protozoans (Balantidium spp and Entamoeba spp) may infect Galago spp with high infection rates...
April 26, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702653/efficacy-and-safety-of-co-administered-ivermectin-plus-albendazole-for-treating-soil-transmitted-helminths-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-individual-patient-data-analysis
#15
Marta S Palmeirim, Eveline Hürlimann, Stefanie Knopp, Benjamin Speich, Vicente Belizario, Serene A Joseph, Michel Vaillant, Piero Olliaro, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: The soil-transmitted helminths (STH), Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms infect 1.5 billion people worldwide and cause an estimated burden of 3.3 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Current control strategies focus on morbidity reduction through preventive chemotherapy (PC) but the most commonly used recommended drugs (albendazole and mebendazole) are particularly inefficacious against T. trichiura. This, together with the threat of emerging drug resistance, calls for new control strategies, including co-administration with other anthelminthics...
April 27, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694397/ancient-dna-from-latrines-in-northern-europe-and-the-middle-east-500-bc-1700-ad-reveals-past-parasites-and-diet
#16
Martin Jensen Søe, Peter Nejsum, Frederik Valeur Seersholm, Brian Lund Fredensborg, Ruben Habraken, Kirstine Haase, Mette Marie Hald, Rikke Simonsen, Flemming Højlund, Louise Blanke, Inga Merkyte, Eske Willerslev, Christian Moliin Outzen Kapel
High-resolution insight into parasitic infections and diet of past populations in Northern Europe and the Middle East (500 BC- 1700 AD) was obtained by pre-concentration of parasite eggs from ancient latrines and deposits followed by shotgun sequencing of DNA. Complementary profiling of parasite, vertebrate and plant DNA proved highly informative in the study of ancient health, human-animal interactions as well as animal and plant dietary components. Most prominent were finding of soil-borne parasites transmitted directly between humans, but also meat-borne parasites that require consumption of raw or undercooked fish and pork...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666698/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-and-associated-factors-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-suspected-patients-attending-university-of-gondar-hospital-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#17
Yalewayker Tegegne, Tadelo Wondmagegn, Ligabaw Worku, Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke
Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the major public health problems in developing countries. Hence, it is significant to explore coinfection with intestinal parasites and pulmonary tuberculosis because coinfection increases the complexity of control and prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis and parasitic diseases. Objective: To assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites among pulmonary tuberculosis suspected patients. Method: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted at University of Gondar Hospital from March to May, 2017...
2018: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651227/a-case-of-atopic-dermatitis-caused-by-ascaris-lumbricoides-infection
#18
Rosanna Qualizza, Laura M Losappio, Fabiana Furci
Background: Parasite infections stimulate total and specific IgE production that, in the case of Toxocara canis infection, corresponds to chronic allergic symptoms. There may also be other infections which have similar symptoms, such as Ascaris lumbricoides infection. Ascaris lumbricoides is a large nematode that causes abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, anorexia and intermittent diarrhoea. Patients with ascaridiasis and high IgE levels may also have allergy-like symptoms such as asthma, urticaria and atopic dermatitis...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649951/biliary-ascariasis-presenting-with-gangrenous-perforation-of-the-gall-bladder-report-of-a-case-and-brief-review-of-literature
#19
Ankush Sharma, Priyansh Jariwala, Navneet Kaur
The most common cause of gallbladder perforation is calculous cholecystitis. Rarer causes include trauma, iatrogenic injuries, biliary stasis and gall bladder ischemia. We report a case of gall bladder gangrene with perforation, secondary to extensive ascariasis. A 45-year-old woman presented with acute intestinal obstruction and jaundice. She had abdominal distension and right hypochondrial tenderness. Abdominal radiography showed dilated bowel loops and ultrasonogram showed worms in the small intestine and biliary tree...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644989/the-palliative-care-in-dementia-context-health-professionals-point-of-view-about-advantages-and-resistances
#20
Sabina Zapponi, Maria Chiara Ascari, Erjona Feracaku, Silvia Masin, Paola Paglia, Roberta Petroccione, Ana Pinzaru, Chiara Foà, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The 38/2010 law has expanded the provision of palliative care to patients with chronic-degenerative diseases. The ISTAT data show that 60% of the dying population is suffering from these diseases and could, according to the literature review, benefit particularly from such treatments. This study investigates the point of view of healthcare professionals, working in the context of dementia, regarding the knowledge and application of palliative care in the field of dementia...
March 26, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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