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Alice C Wyse-Jackson, Sarah L Roche, Ana M Ruiz-Lopez, Jennifer N Moloney, Ashleigh M Byrne, Thomas G Cotter
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a degenerative retinal disease leading to photoreceptor cell loss. In 2011, our group identified the synthetic progesterone 'Norgestrel' as a potential treatment for RP. Subsequent research showed Norgestrel to work through progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) activation and upregulation of neuroprotective basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Using trophic factor deprivation of 661W photoreceptor-like cells, we aimed to further elucidate the mechanism leading to Norgestrel-induced neuroprotection...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Xiangyan Ruan, Ying Zhang, Alfred O Mueck, Marina Willibald, Harald Seeger, Tanja Fehm, Sara Brucker, Hans Neubauer
OBJECTIVE: Expression of progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) has been shown to be higher in breast cancer than normal tissue. We have previously shown that certain progestogens strongly stimulate proliferation of breast cancer cells overexpressing PGRMC1, and therefore hypothesize that PGRMC1 may play a critical role in breast cancer progression. Because little information is available if expression of PGRMC1 is also associated with worse prognosis for breast cancer patients, in this study we investigated the clinicopathologic significance of PGRMC1 expression in breast cancer tissue...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Olga Amelkina, Lina Zschockelt, Johanna Painer, Rodrigo Serra, Francisco Villaespesa, Eberhard Krause, Katarina Jewgenow, Beate C Braun
In contrast to the species studied, the corpus luteum (CL) of Iberian and Eurasian lynx physiologically persists in the ovary for more than 2 years and continues to secrete progesterone. Such persistent CL (perCL) transition into the next cycle and are present in the ovary together with the freshly formed CL (frCL) of a new ovulation. To date, the mechanisms supporting such CL persistence are not known. We analyzed the potential receptivity of feline CL to sex steroids through mRNA measurements of progesterone receptor (PGR), progesterone receptor membrane components (PGRMC) 1 and 2, estrogen receptor (ESR) 1 and ESR2, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1), and androgen receptor (AR)...
July 5, 2016: Theriogenology
Robert B Piel, Mesafint T Shiferaw, Ajay A Vashisht, Jason R Marcero, Jeremy L Praissman, John D Phillips, James A Wohlschlegel, Amy E Medlock
Heme is an iron-containing cofactor essential for multiple cellular processes and fundamental activities such as oxygen transport. To better understand the means by which heme synthesis is regulated during erythropoiesis, affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) was performed to identify putative protein partners interacting with ferrochelatase (FECH), the terminal enzyme in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Both progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) and progesterone receptor membrane component 2 (PGRMC2) were identified in these experiments...
September 20, 2016: Biochemistry
Katie Gerhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Yasuaki Kabe, Takehiro Yamamoto, Mayumi Kajimura, Yuki Sugiura, Ikko Koike, Mitsuyo Ohmura, Takashi Nakamura, Yasuhito Tokumoto, Hitoshi Tsugawa, Hiroshi Handa, Takuya Kobayashi, Makoto Suematsu
Heme oxygenase (HO) is a mono-oxygenase utilizing heme and molecular oxygen (O2) as substrates to generate biliverdin-IXα and carbon monoxide (CO). HO-1 is inducible under stress conditions, while HO-2 is constitutive. A balance between heme and CO was shown to regulate cell death and survival in many experimental models. However, direct molecular targets to which CO binds to regulate cellular functions remained to be fully examined. We have revealed novel roles of CO-responsive proteins, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) and progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), in regulating cellular functions...
August 24, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Michael A Cahill, Jalal A Jazayeri, Susan M Catalano, Shinya Toyokuni, Zaklina Kovacevic, Des R Richardson
Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) is a multi-functional protein with a heme-binding moiety related to that of cytochrome b5, which is a putative progesterone receptor. The recently solved PGRMC1 structure revealed that heme-binding involves coordination by a tyrosinate ion at Y113, and induces dimerization which is stabilized by hydrophobic stacking of heme on adjacent monomers. Dimerization is required for association with cytochrome P450 (cyP450) enzymes, which mediates chemoresistance to doxorubicin and may be responsible for PGRMC1's anti-apoptotic activity...
July 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Michael A Cahill, Jalal A Jazayeri, Zaklina Kovacevic, Des R Richardson
Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) is a multifunctional protein implicated in multiple pathologies, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease. The recently published structure of PGRMC1 revealed heme-mediated dimerization that directed the PGRMC1-dependent cytochrome P450-mediated detoxification of doxorubicin. We describe here how the PGRMC1 structure also enables important new insights into the possible regulation of PGRMC1 function by phosphorylation. Predicted regulatory interaction sites for SH2- and SH3-domain proteins are in non-structured regions that could be available to cytoplasmic enzymes...
July 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Takato Hiranita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
Alberto M Luciano, John J Peluso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cell Cycle
Monica Salazar, Alejandra Lerma-Ortiz, Grace M Hooks, Amanda K Ashley, Ryan L Ashley
Progesterone (P4), a steroid produced during estrous cycles and gestation for maintenance of pregnancy, also plays key roles in breast development to allow lactation post-parturition. Progestins (P4 and related steroids) are also implicated in breast cancer etiology. Hormone replacement therapy containing both estrogen and progestins increases breast cancer incidence while estrogen hormone therapy lowers breast cancer risk. P4 signaling via nuclear P4 receptors (PRs) has been extensively studied in breast cancer, however, progestin signaling via non-classical membrane bound progestin receptors (MPRs and PGRMC1) remains unclear...
October 10, 2016: Gene
Juraj Hlavaty, Reinhard Ertl, Ingrid Miller, Cordula Gabriel
Objective. Some effects of progesterone on glioma cells can be explained through the slow, genomic mediated response via nuclear receptors; the other effects suggest potential role of a fast, nongenomic action mediated by membrane-associated progesterone receptors. Methods. The effects of progesterone treatment on the expression levels of progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 RNA-binding protein (PAIRBP1), and progestin and adipoQ receptor 7 (PAQR7) on both mRNA and protein levels were investigated in spheroids derived from human glioma cell lines U-87 MG and LN-229...
2016: BioMed Research International
Melissa L McCallum, Cindy A Pru, Yuichi Niikura, Siu-Pok Yee, John P Lydon, John J Peluso, James K Pru
Progesterone (P4) is essential for female fertility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the functional requirement of the nonclassical P4 receptor (PGR), PGR membrane component 1, in regulating female fertility. To achieve this goal, the Pgrmc1 gene was floxed by insertion of loxP sites on each side of exon 2. Pgrmc1 floxed (Pgrmc1(fl/fl)) mice were crossed with Pgr(cre) or Amhr2(cre) mice to delete Pgrmc1 (Pgrmc1(d/d)) from the female reproductive tract. A 6-month breeding trial revealed that conditional ablation of Pgrmc1 with Pgr(cre/+) mice resulted in a 40% reduction (P = ...
September 2016: Endocrinology
L Terzaghi, I Tessaro, F Raucci, V Merico, G Mazzini, S Garagna, M Zuccotti, F Franciosi, V Lodde
Progesterone Receptor Membrane Component 1 (PGRMC1) is expressed in both oocyte and ovarian somatic cells, where it is found in multiple cellular sub-compartments including the mitotic spindle apparatus. PGRMC1 localization in the maturing bovine oocytes mirrors its localization in mitotic cells, suggesting a possible common action in mitosis and meiosis. To test the hypothesis that altering PGRMC1 activity leads to similar defects in mitosis and meiosis, PGRMC1 function was perturbed in cultured bovine granulosa cells (bGC) and maturing oocytes and the effect on mitotic and meiotic progression assessed...
August 2, 2016: Cell Cycle
Yu Ting Zhang, Dong Teng Liu, Yong Zhu, Shi Xi Chen, Wan Shu Hong
Our previous studies suggested that 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP), an oocyte maturation inducing progestin, also acts as a sex pheromone in Chinese black sleeper Bostrichthys sinensis, a fish species that inhabits intertidal zones and mates and spawns inside a muddy burrow. The electro-olfactogram response to DHP increased during the breeding season. In the present study, we cloned the cDNAs of the nine progestin receptors (pgr, paqr5, 6, 7(a, b), 8, 9, pgrmc1, 2) from B. sinensis, analyzed their tissue distribution, and determined the expression in the olfactory rosette during the reproductive cycle in female and male fish...
May 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Aldo Cavallini, Catia Lippolis, Margherita Vacca, Claudia Nardelli, Alessandra Castegna, Fabio Arnesano, Nicola Carella, Raffaella Depalo
Environmental chemicals, such as heavy metals, affect female reproductive function. A biological sensor of the signals of many toxic chemical compounds seems to be the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Previous studies demonstrated the environmental of heavy metals in Taranto city (Italy), an area that has been influenced by anthropogenic factors such as industrial activities and waste treatments since 1986. However, the impact of these elements on female fertility in this geographic area has never been analyzed...
2016: PloS One
Fen Sun, Trinh Nguyen, Xin Jin, Renqi Huang, Zhenglan Chen, Rebecca L Cunningham, Meharvan Singh, Chang Su
Progesterone (P4) exerts robust cytoprotection in brain slice cultures (containing both neurons and glia), yet such protection is not as evident in neuron-enriched cultures, suggesting that glia may play an indispensable role in P4's neuroprotection. We previously reported that a membrane-associated P4 receptor, P4 receptor membrane component 1, mediates P4-induced brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release from glia. Here, we sought to determine whether glia are required for P4's neuroprotection and whether glia's roles are mediated, at least partially, via releasing soluble factors to act on neighboring neurons...
May 2016: Endocrinology
Yasuaki Kabe, Takanori Nakane, Ikko Koike, Tatsuya Yamamoto, Yuki Sugiura, Erisa Harada, Kenji Sugase, Tatsuro Shimamura, Mitsuyo Ohmura, Kazumi Muraoka, Ayumi Yamamoto, Takeshi Uchida, So Iwata, Yuki Yamaguchi, Elena Krayukhina, Masanori Noda, Hiroshi Handa, Koichiro Ishimori, Susumu Uchiyama, Takuya Kobayashi, Makoto Suematsu
Progesterone-receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1/Sigma-2 receptor) is a haem-containing protein that interacts with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cytochromes P450 to regulate cancer proliferation and chemoresistance; its structural basis remains unknown. Here crystallographic analyses of the PGRMC1 cytosolic domain at 1.95 Å resolution reveal that it forms a stable dimer through stacking interactions of two protruding haem molecules. The haem iron is five-coordinated by Tyr113, and the open surface of the haem mediates dimerization...
2016: Nature Communications
Yan Meng, Amy P Murtha, Liping Feng
Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) is an important novel mediator of progesterone (P4) function in fetal membrane cells. We demonstrated previously that PGRMC1 is differentially expressed in fetal membranes among pregnancy subjects and diminished in preterm premature rupture of membrane subjects. In the current study, we aim to elucidate whether PGRMC1 expression is regulated by P4, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and H2O2 in fetal membrane cells. Primary cultured membrane cells were serum starved for 24 hours followed by treatments of P4, 17 hydroxyprogesterone caproate, and medroxyprogesterone 17 acetate (MPA) at 10(-7) mol/L with ethanol as vehicle control; TNF-α at 10, 20, and 50 ng/mL with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) as control; and H2O2 at 10 and 100 μmol/L with culture media as control for 24, 48, and 72 hours...
September 2016: Reproductive Sciences
James J Sahn, Timothy R Hodges, Jessica Z Chan, Stephen F Martin
A novel structural class with high affinity and subtype selectivity for the sigma 2 receptor has been discovered. Preliminary structure-affinity relationship data are presented showing that 8-substituted 1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,5-methanobenzazepine (norbenzomorphan) derivatives elicit modest to high selectivity for the sigma 2 over the sigma 1 receptor subtype. Indeed, piperazine analogue 8-(4-(3-ethoxy-3-oxopropyl)piperazin-1-yl)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,5-methanobenzazepine-2-carboxylate (SAS-1121) is 574-fold selective for the sigma 2 over the sigma 1 receptor, thereby establishing it as one of the more subtype-selective sigma 2 binding ligands reported to date...
March 17, 2016: ChemMedChem
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