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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#1
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650685/colored-glasses-to-mitigate-photophobia-symptoms-posttraumatic-brain-injury
#2
Joseph Clark, Kim Hasselfeld, Katy Bigsby, Jon Divine
CONTEXT:   After a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), patients often suffer from light sensitivity, or photophobia, which contributes to decreased quality of life post-mTBI. Whereas sunglasses may provide some relief from photophobia, they are not practical indoors or in low light. A light-mitigation strategy that can be easily used indoors as needed to optimize the relief. We have found that many photophobic patients experience relief using colored sunglasses. OBJECTIVE:   To provide the athletic trainer with a means and method to assess whether an athlete is suffering from photophobia after concussion and to determine if colored glasses provide relief...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649077/hepatoprotective-evaluation-of-aqueous-ethanolic-extract-of-capparis-decidua-stems-in-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-experimental-rabbits
#3
Jalilur Rehman, Naveed Akhtar, Hafiz Muhammad Asif, Sabira Sultana, Mukhtiar Ahmad
Liver diseases are the most common ailment all over the world mostly caused by viruses, toxic chemicals, excessive intake of alcohol, high doses of paracetamol, carbon tetrachloride, chemotherapeutic agents and peroxides oil, etc. There is a great need to assess the scientific basis for the medicinal plants that are claimed to have hepatoprotective activity. We investigate the hepatoprotective effects of aqueous-ethanolic extract of Capparis decidua (Stems) against paracetamol induced liver injury in experimental animals...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648330/experience-with-patient-referrals-for-upper-extremity-transplantation-at-a-u-s-academic-medical-center
#4
Harriet Kiwanuka, Mario A Aycart, Ericka M Bueno, Bohdan Pomahac, Simon G Talbot
PURPOSE: To date, there have been over 100 upper extremity transplantations (UET) performed worldwide. However, little data are available regarding institutional screening practices or description of the population of patients that seek transplantation as a treatment modality for their upper extremity disabilities. We performed a review of our institutional experience in an attempt to better understand our referral patterns and identify factors that may be associated with successful screening...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647552/clinical-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-the-assessment-of-major-depression-after-broad-spectrum-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Jacobus Donders, Adriene Pendery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) when screening for symptoms of depression following traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data collected as part of routine clinical outpatient care over a period of 30 months. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with mild to severe traumatic brain injury who were referred for neuropsychological evaluation within 1-12 months (N = 137). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647501/driving-simulators-in-the-clinical-assessment-of-fitness-to-drive-in-sleepy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
David R Schreier, Christina Banks, Johannes Mathis
Road traffic injuries are projected to be the leading cause of death for those aged between 15 and 29 years by the year 2030, and sleepiness is estimated to be the underlying cause in up to 15-20% of all motor vehicle accidents. Sleepiness at the wheel is most often caused by socially induced sleep deprivation or poor sleep hygiene in otherwise healthy individuals, medical disorders, or the intake of drugs. Validated methods for objectifying sleepiness are urgently sought, particularly in the context of driving...
May 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647095/increased-detection-of-blunt-carotid-and-vertebral-artery-injury-after-implementation-of-diagnostic-imaging-pathway-in-level-1-trauma-centre-in-western-australia
#8
Manimaran Sinnathamby, Sudhakar V Rao, Dieter G Weber
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Blunt Carotid Artery and Vertebral Artery Injury (BCVI) is relatively low in modern trauma practice. However, these injuries may be associated with severe neurological consequences. Following the introduction of a Diagnostic Imaging Pathway in Department of Health of Western Australia, we hypothesized that this injury would be less likely to be missed, and accordingly diagnosed more frequently. METHOD: A review of all major trauma (Injury Severity Scale>15) admissions at the State Major Trauma Centre in Royal Perth Hospital was undertaken from 1995 until 2013...
June 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646870/incidence-and-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-adult-patients-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-a-tertiary-teaching-hospital-in-southeast-china
#9
Xiaoyan Cheng, Buyun Wu, Yun Liu, Huijuan Mao, Changying Xing
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) places a heavy burden on the healthcare system in China and is usually misdiagnosed. However, there are limited studies that have described the epidemiology and diagnosis of AKI in China. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and diagnosis of AKI in hospitalized adult patients in a tertiary teaching hospital in southeast China. METHODS: All adult patients hospitalized from October 1, 2013 to September 30, 2014 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were screened using the Lab Administration Network...
June 24, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645768/robot-assisted-training-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Eddy Yy Cheung, Thomas Kw Ng, Kevin Kk Yu, Rachel Lc Kwan, Gladys Ly Cheing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of robotic-assisted training on the recovery of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs involving people with SCI that compared robotic-assisted upper limbs or lower limbs training to a control of other treatment approach or no treatment. We included studies involving people with complete or incomplete spinal cord injuries. STUDY SELECTION: We searched in Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library) and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE) to August, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#11
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644678/professional-athletes-return-to-play-and-performance-after-operative-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#12
David P Trofa, J Chance Miller, Eugene S Jang, Denzel R Woode, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Most Achilles tendon ruptures are sports related. However, few studies have examined and compared the effect of surgical repair for complete ruptures on return to play (RTP), play time, and performance across multiple sports. PURPOSE: To examine RTP and performance among professional athletes after Achilles tendon repair and compare pre- versus postoperative functional outcomes of professional athletes from different major leagues in the United States...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644537/psychosocial-demographic-and-illness-related-factors-associated-with-acute-traumatic-stress-responses-in-parents-of-children-with-a-serious-illness-or-injury
#13
Frank Muscara, Maria C McCarthy, Emma J Thompson, Claire-Marie Heaney, Stephen J C Hearps, Meredith Rayner, Kylie Burke, Jan M Nicholson, Vicki A Anderson
This study investigated factors associated with acute stress symptoms in parents of seriously ill children across a range of illnesses and treatment settings within a pediatric hospital setting. It was hypothesized that psychosocial variables would be more strongly associated with acute stress responses than demographic and child illness variables. Participants were 115 mothers and 56 fathers of children treated within the oncology, cardiology, and intensive care departments of a pediatric hospital. Acute stress, psychosocial, demographic, and medical data were collected within the first 4 weeks of the child's hospital admission...
June 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644052/a-little-dab-will-do-ya-in-a-case-report-of-neuro-and-cardiotoxicity-following-use-of-cannabis-concentrates
#14
Shannon S Rickner, Dazhe Cao, Kurt Kleinschmidt, Steven Fleming
CONTEXT: The use of marijuana and cannabis concentrates is increasing, especially following decriminalization in several states. Psychosis and cardiotoxicity have been reported following cannabis use; however, myocardial injury from "dabbing" has not yet been reported. We report a case of hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, severe agitation, neuro-, and cardiotoxicity following the use of "dabs" where there is concomitant confirmatory biological and sample testing. CASE DETAILS: A 17-year-old athletic man developed agitation requiring sedation and intubation for safety, with peak systolic blood pressures in the 190s and hyperthermia (to 102 °F)...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643031/pediatric-emergency-care-applied-research-network-pecarn-prediction-rules-in-identifying-high-risk-children-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
B Nakhjavan-Shahraki, M Yousefifard, M J Hajighanbari, A Oraii, S Safari, M Hosseini
PURPOSE: Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) traumatic brain injury (TBI) prognostic rules is a scoring system for prediction of the need for computed tomography (CT) scanning in children with mild TBI. However, its validation has not been assessed in developing countries. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess the value of PECARN rule in identification of children with clinically important TBI (ciTBI). METHOD: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 594 children (mean age: 7...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#16
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641113/enhanced-functional-genomic-screening-identifies-novel-mediators-of-dual-leucine-zipper-kinase-dependent-injury-signaling-in-neurons
#17
Derek S Welsbie, Katherine L Mitchell, Vinod Jaskula-Ranga, Valentin M Sluch, Zhiyong Yang, Jessica Kim, Eugen Buehler, Amit Patel, Scott E Martin, Ping-Wu Zhang, Yan Ge, Yukan Duan, John Fuller, Byung-Jin Kim, Eman Hamed, Xitiz Chamling, Lei Lei, Iain D C Fraser, Ze'ev A Ronai, Cynthia A Berlinicke, Donald J Zack
Dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK) has been implicated in cell death signaling secondary to axonal damage in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and other neurons. To better understand the pathway through which DLK acts, we developed enhanced functional genomic screens in primary RGCs, including use of arrayed, whole-genome, small interfering RNA libraries. Explaining why DLK inhibition is only partially protective, we identify leucine zipper kinase (LZK) as cooperating with DLK to activate downstream signaling and cell death in RGCs, including in a mouse model of optic nerve injury, and show that the same pathway is active in human stem cell-derived RGCs...
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640778/a-cohort-study-of-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-screening-in-children-are-they-just-little-adults
#18
Mackenzie R Cook, Cordelie E Witt, Robert H Bonow, Eileen M Bulger, Ken F Linnau, Saman Arbabi, Bryce R H Robinson, Joseph Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) are rare with nonspecific predictors, making optimal screening critical. Radiation concerns magnify these issues in children. The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST) criteria, the Utah score (US) and the Denver criteria (DC) have been advocated for pediatric BCVI screening, though direct comparison is lacking. We hypothesized that current screening guidelines inaccurately identify pediatric BCVI. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of pediatric trauma patients treated from 2005-2015 with radiographically confirmed BCVI...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#19
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637928/the-long-noncoding-rna-wisper-controls-cardiac-fibrosis-and-remodeling
#20
Rudi Micheletti, Isabelle Plaisance, Brian J Abraham, Alexandre Sarre, Ching-Chia Ting, Michael Alexanian, Daniel Maric, Damien Maison, Mohamed Nemir, Richard A Young, Blanche Schroen, Arantxa González, Samir Ounzain, Thierry Pedrazzini
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as powerful regulators of cardiac development and disease. However, our understanding of the importance of these molecules in cardiac fibrosis is limited. Using an integrated genomic screen, we identified Wisper (Wisp2 super-enhancer-associated RNA) as a cardiac fibroblast-enriched lncRNA that regulates cardiac fibrosis after injury. Wisper expression was correlated with cardiac fibrosis both in a murine model of myocardial infarction (MI) and in heart tissue from human patients suffering from aortic stenosis...
June 21, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
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