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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775824/is-urine-a-reliable-clinical-sample-for-the-diagnosis-of-human-visceral-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Shabnam Asfaram, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Mahdi Fakhar, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Masoud Soosaraei
Visualization of amastigotes in lymph nodes, bone marrow, and other tissues samples remains the gold standard method for the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in humans. This gold standard diagnostic method uses a technically challenging microscopy procedure that is often not accessible in many places in the world where VL is endemic. Here, we report the current systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether urine is a reliable clinical sample for diagnosis of human VL. Data were extracted from ten available databases during the period from 2002 to 2017...
May 15, 2018: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775753/long-non-coding-rna-biomarker-for-human-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-prognosis
#2
Jingjing Chen, Zhisen Shen, Hongxia Deng, Wei Zhou, Qi Liao, Ying Mu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) were discovered in tumors. The regulation of lncRNA in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains incomplete. Uncovering the potential of lncRNA to stratify the prognosis of LSCC and streamline the vast amount of clinical information will affect medical interventions. The surgical resected LSCC tissues, adjacent non-cancerous tissues (ANCT) and lymph node metastatic tissue (LNM) were collected from 76 patients for lncRNA AC008440.10 expression assay. The stages of LSCC and LNM were classified accordingly...
May 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775735/robotic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Hong-Bin Liu, Wen-Jie Wang, Hong-Tao Li, Xiao-Peng Han, Lin Su, Deng-Wen Wei, Ting-Bao Cao, Jian-Ping Yu, Zuo-Yi Jiao
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gastrectomy (RAG), as an alternative minimally invasive surgical technique, is gradually being used for the treatment of gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of RAG over conventional Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) for the treatment of GC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all procedures (RAG and LAG) performed by one surgeon between 31 January 2017 and 1 December 2017. The short-term of surgical outcomes were compared between two groups and further subgroup analyses were performed...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775698/prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-exploring-the-effect-of-tachosil%C3%A2-on-lymphocele-formation-after-extended-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-prostate-cancer
#4
Sarah Buelens, Charles Van Praet, Filip Poelaert, Andries Van Huele, Karel Decaestecker, Nicolaas Lumen
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether TachoSil®, a hemostatic patch, can reduce the incidence of lymphocele formation. Development of a lymphocele is a frequent complication after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) for nodal staging in prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2013 - 2017, 100 patients with prostate cancer who were set to undergo a staging PLND before external beam radiotherapy (n = 50) or PLND concomitant with radical prostatectomy (RP) (n = 50) were prospectively randomized 1:1 between bilateral TachoSil® placement or not...
May 15, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774998/-the-expressions-and-correlations-of-il-10-cd14-and-cd68-in-laryngal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
S Zhang, H Huangfu, B Q Wang, W Gao, L N Wu, Y Li, W Y Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution of IL-10, CD14 and CD68 in the tumor microenvironment of LSCC with the clinicopathologic factors. Method: We detected the expressions of IL-10, CD14 and CD68 in 46 primary LSCC tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry staining and explore the relationship between them and clinicopathologic factors. Result: We found that the expressions of IL-10, CD14 and CD68 were significantly correlated with clinical stage and T stage ( P <0.01). IL-10 and CD14 were correlated with lymph node metastasis ( P <0...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774995/-study-on-the-relationship-between-mct-1-and-p53-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Y B Wang, O Xu, R J Zhang, C G Shan
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and clinical significance of monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT-1) and p53 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Method: Immunohistochemical staining of MCT-1 and p53 was carried out in 41 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma embedded in paraffin, and the relationship between positive expression and clinicopathological data was evaluated. All data were analyzed by SPSS software (Windows version 21.0). Result: In normal mucosa p53 expression was absent; while, the basal "stem cell" layer is highly enriched in MCT-1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774993/-preliminary-study-on-the-expression-of-egfrv%C3%A2-and-cxcr4-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
H D Zhang, S C Gong, Y Q Liu, S B He, Q X Zhang, M Y Si, Z K Yu
Objective: The aim of this study is to detect the expression of EGFRvⅢ and CXCR4 in HNSCC and to explore its possible mechanism. Method: We selected 60 cases of HNSCC from May 2013 to November 2016 in our hospital for surgical treatment, including 44 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, 14 cases of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and 2 cases of nasal squamous cell carcinoma. pTNM staging according to AJCC 2010, Ⅲ stage 17 cases, Ⅳa stage 40 cases, and Ⅳb stage 3 cases; according to tumor differentiation degree: 13 cases of high differentiation, moderately differentiation in 31 cases, and 16 cases of low differentiated; primary tumor, positive lymph node metastasis as the experimental group, and 10 cases of adjacent tissues are taken as control (control group)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774942/-progress-and-controversy-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gastric-stump-cancer
#8
Zhidong Gao, Yongbai Li, Kewei Jiang, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang
Gastric stump cancer (GSC) is a carcinoma arising from the remnant stomach following gastric surgery for benign or malignant disease, and is more common in men. The risk of morbidity has an obvious time dependence. GSC incidence is likely to rise with lengthening of the initial operation interval. The GSC time interval after malignant disease is significantly shorter than that of benign disease. GSC etiologies mainly include duodenogastric reflux and denervation of the gastric mucosa resulting in the change of the gastric environment after gastrectomy and the Helicobacter pylori infection...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774941/-meta-analysis-of-gastric-stump-cancer-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#9
Yongbai Li, Zhidong Gao, Xuesong Zhao, Bo Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang, Kewei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric stump cancer (GSC) following subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, to compare the clinicopathologic differences between narrow GSC and generalized GSC, and to compare the prognosis between GSC and primary proximal gastric cancer (PPGC) after radical resection. METHODS: Literatures of GSC-associated clinical study were searched by computer from the Cochrane Library, Medline, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases, and the retrieval period was from the establishment of database to December 31, 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774940/-prognostic-analysis-and-clinicopathological-features-of-20-patients-with-appendiceal-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#10
Weilin Mao, Yang Lyu, Ning Pu, Jian'ang Li, Baobao Xin, Wenqi Chen, Dayong Jin, Wenhui Lou, Xuefeng Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of appendiceal neuroendocrine neoplasms(a-NEN). METHODS: Clinical data of 20 patients diagnosed with a-NEN at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University between January 2000 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Pathological diagnosis was based on the WHO classification criteria of digestive system tumors (2010 edition). Based on the mitotic count and Ki-67 index, a-NENs were divided into grade 1 neuroendocrine tumor (NET G1), grade 2(G2) NET G2) and grade 3 (neuroendocrine carcinoma, NEC)...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774939/-feasibility-and-preliminary-technical-experience-of-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-combined-with-%C3%AF-shaped-esophagojejunal-anastomosis-in-surgical-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#11
Guangsheng Du, Enlai Jiang, Yuan Qiu, Wensheng Wang, Shuai Wang, Yunbo Li, Ke Peng, Xiang Li, Hua Yang, Weidong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility, safety, and preliminary technical experience of single incision plus one port laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis (SILT-π) in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. METHODS: Clinical data of 5 gastric cancer patients undergoing SILT-π operation at the Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of the Army Medical University from August to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774937/-application-of-robotic-surgery-to-treat-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach
#12
Feng Qian, Jiajia Liu, Junyan Liu, Junyan Fan, Yongliang Zhao, Yan Shi, Yingxue Hao, Peiwu Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical techniques and feasibility of robotic surgery for carcinoma in the remnant stomach(CRS). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 20 CRS patients undergoing robotic surgery at the Minimally Invasive Center for Gastrointestinal Surgery, Army Medical University Southwest Hospital from November 2012 to October 2017 were retrospectively collected. The surgical methods, procedures, main difficulties, and key techniques were analyzed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774936/-risk-factor-analysis-and-prediction-model-establishment-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-remnant-gastric-cancer
#13
Wei Wang, Runcong Nie, Zhiwei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors and establish an effective model to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) for remnant gastric cancer (RGC). METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics of 91 RGC patients undergoing radical gastrectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2000 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. RGC was defined as cancer detected in the remnant stomach >5 years for primary benign diseases or >10 years for malignant diseases following distal gastrectomy...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774933/-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognostic-factor-analysis-of-carcinoma-in-remnant-stomach-cancer-at-peking-university-cancer-hospital
#14
Yinkui Wang, Ziyu Li, Chenggen Jin, Xiangji Ying, Chao Gao, Yuchen Wang, Qiyan Xiao, Yan Zhang, Yufan Chen, Lianhai Zhang, Jiafu Ji
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interval time to canceration, clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of carcinoma in remnant stomach (CRS) in patients with primary benign diseases or primary malignant tumors. METHODS: Based on the criteria of the definition of CRS proposed by Japanese Gastric Cancer Association in 2017, a retrospective analysis was conducted on clinicopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with CRS at Peking University Cancer Hospital from March 1992 to March 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774932/-pathological-staging-criteria-for-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach-an-exploratory-study
#15
Zhidong Gao, Xuesong Zhao, Kewei Jiang, Bo Wang, Yongbai Li, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic value of the tumor-ratio-metastasis (TRM) staging system for carcinoma in the remnant stomach(CRS). METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 91 CRS patients who underwent surgery at Peking University People's Hospital between March 1992 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the ratio of metastatic lymph node to dissected lymph node, the R staging was obtained, and the pN staging was replaced by the R staging to create the TRM staging...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774930/-advertent-problems-about-gastric-stump-cancer-surgery
#16
Han Liang
Due to different disease background of gastric stump cancer(GSC) patients (benign or malignant lesion, reconstruction of digestive tract, etc.), the GSC surgical procedure and the difficulty of lymphadenectomy are also different. The extent of radical lymphadenectomy for gastric stump cancer should extend beyond D2 lymphadenectomy, according to the different backgrounds of initial disease, reconstructions, and tumor location. A lymphadenectomy should include the lymph nodes in anterior (No.17) and posterior (No...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774929/-epidemiological-characteristics-and-inducing-factors-of-gastric-stump-cancer
#17
Lin Chen
Gastric stump cancer was initially defined as a carcinoma of the stomach occurring more than 5 years after surgery for gastric or duodenal benign disease. In recent years, as the number of total gastrectomy for benign disease has gradually decreased and the gastric cancer detection and operation rate have annually increased, residual recurrence of primary gastric cancer more than 10 years after gastric cancer surgery has also been considered as gastric stump cancer. The incidence of gastric stump cancer is increasing annually...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774928/-prognostic-and-influential-factors-of-gastric-stump-cancer
#18
Ziyu Li, Yinkui Wang, Jiafu Ji
Gastric stump cancer was first defined as cancer occurring in the remnant stomach 5 years or later following distal subtotal gastrectomy of a benign stomach tumor. This definition was expanded to include malignant gastric cancer recurrence following distal gastrectomy and heterochronous gastric adenocarcinoma. Evidence regarding whether patients with gastric stump cancer had the same prognosis as those with primary gastric cancer has been inconsistent. Nonetheless, considering the notable differences regarding risk factors, treatment strategies, and lymph node metastasis status, gastric stump cancer should be differentiated from primary stomach cancer...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774757/extended-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-bladder-cancer
#19
Roger Li, Firas G Petros, John W Davis
INTRODUCTION: Radical cystectomy and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) are the gold standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer and BCG unresponsive nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer. In this article, we review the rationale for ePLND in the treatment of bladder cancer and the evidence supporting the equipoise between robot-assisted (RA) and open ePLND. A step-by-step guide of robot-assisted ePLND (RA ePLND) is provided to illustrate the techniques currently employed at our institution...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774501/totally-robotic-complete-mesocolic-excision-for-right-sided-colon-cancer
#20
Volkan Ozben, Erman Aytac, Deniz Atasoy, Ilknur Erenler Bayraktar, Onur Bayraktar, Ipek Sapci, Bilgi Baca, Tayfun Karahasanoglu, Ismail Hamzaoglu
Complexity and operative risks of complete mesocolic excision (CME) seem to be important drawbacks to generalize this procedure in the surgical treatment of right colon cancer. Robotic systems have been developed to improve quality and outcomes of minimal invasive surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of robotic right-sided CME and present our initial experience. A retrospective review of 37 patients undergoing totally robotic right-sided CME between February 2015 and November 2017 was performed...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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