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Cancer cures natural

Anna Kovalchuk, Yaroslav Ilnytskyy, Rafal Woycicki, Rocio Rodriguez-Juarez, Gerlinde A S Metz, Olga Kovalchuk
Recent advances in cancer treatments have led to significant increases in cure rates. Most cancer patients are treated with various cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. These treatment modalities are mutagenic and genotoxic and cause a wide array of late-occurring health problems, and even exert a deleterious influence on future offspring. The adverse effects from exposed parents on offspring are referred to as transgenerational effects, and currently little is known about chemotherapy-induced transgenerational effects...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
M J Bourke, H Neuhaus, J J Bergman
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was developed in Japan, early in this century, to provide a minimally invasive yet curative treatment for the large numbers of patients with early gastric cancer identified by the national screening program. Previously the majority of these patients were treated surgically at substantial cost with the significant risk of short and long-term morbidity. Enbloc excision of these early cancers, most with a limited risk of nodal metastasis, allowed complete staging of the tumor, stratification of the subsequent therapeutic approach and potential cure...
February 24, 2018: Gastroenterology
Clovis S Palmer, Riya Palchaudhuri, Hassan Albargy, Mohamed Abdel-Mohsen, Suzanne M Crowe
An emerging paradigm in immunology suggests that metabolic reprogramming and immune cell activation and functions are intricately linked. Viral infections, such as HIV infection, as well as cancer force immune cells to undergo major metabolic challenges. Cells must divert energy resources in order to mount an effective immune response. However, the fact that immune cells adopt specific metabolic programs to provide host defense against intracellular pathogens and how this metabolic shift impacts immune cell functions and the natural course of diseases have only recently been appreciated...
2018: F1000Research
Guillaume Noell, Rosa Faner, Alvar Agustí
Human health and disease are emergent properties of a complex, nonlinear, dynamic multilevel biological system: the human body. Systems biology is a comprehensive research strategy that has the potential to understand these emergent properties holistically. It stems from advancements in medical diagnostics, "omics" data and bioinformatic computing power. It paves the way forward towards "P4 medicine" (predictive, preventive, personalised and participatory), which seeks to better intervene preventively to preserve health or therapeutically to cure diseases...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Olayidé Boussari, Gaëlle Romain, Laurent Remontet, Nadine Bossard, Morgane Mounier, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Christine Binquet, Marc Colonna, Valérie Jooste
BACKGROUND: Cure models have been adapted to net survival context to provide important indicators from population-based cancer data, such as the cure fraction and the time-to-cure. However existing methods for computing time-to-cure suffer from some limitations. METHODS: Cure models in net survival framework were briefly overviewed and a new definition of time-to-cure was introduced as the time TTC at which P(t), the estimated covariate-specific probability of being cured at a given time t after diagnosis, reaches 0...
January 31, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Adriana Albini, Marco Gallo
Notwithstanding massive efforts and investment in improving cancer therapy, the limited progress made in reducing overall mortality has mostly been achieved through early diagnosis. Mortality rates for cardiovascular disease are in decline, a success attributable in large part to an active prevention approach coupled with identification of risk factors and biomarkers. Promising natural and synthetic molecules including numerous flavonoids have the potential to be used in diabetes care and in prevention of cardiovascular pathologies...
February 1, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Mioara Alina Nicolaie, Jeremy M G Taylor, Catherine Legrand
In this paper, we extend the vertical modeling approach for the analysis of survival data with competing risks to incorporate a cure fraction in the population, that is, a proportion of the population for which none of the competing events can occur. The proposed method has three components: the proportion of cure, the risk of failure, irrespective of the cause, and the relative risk of a certain cause of failure, given a failure occurred. Covariates may affect each of these components. An appealing aspect of the method is that it is a natural extension to competing risks of the semi-parametric mixture cure model in ordinary survival analysis; thus, causes of failure are assigned only if a failure occurs...
January 31, 2018: Lifetime Data Analysis
Kevin Dzobo, Dimakatso Alice Senthebane, Nicholas Ekow Thomford, Arielle Rowe, Collet Dandara, M Iqbal Parker
Disruptive innovations in medicine are game-changing in nature and bring about radical shifts in the way we understand human diseases, their treatment, and/or prevention. Yet, disruptive innovations in cancer drug design and development are still limited. Therapies that cure all cancer patients are in short supply or do not exist at all. Chief among the causes of this predicament is drug resistance, a mechanism that is much more dynamic than previously understood. Drug resistance has limited the initial success experienced with biomarker-guided targeted therapies as well...
January 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Glen R Guerra, Joseph C Kong, Maria-Pia Bernardi, Robert G Ramsay, Wayne A Phillips, Satish K Warrier, A Craig Lynch, Samuel Y Ngan, Alexander G Heriot
BACKGROUND: Anal squamous cell carcinoma is a rare cancer with a high cure rate, making research into the treatment of locoregional failure difficult. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to local treatment failure and determine the outcomes of patients undergoing local salvage resection. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was conducted at a quaternary referral center...
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Helen E J Tyrrell, David N Church, Johnson Joseph, Zoe C Traill, Mark E Sullivan, Mark H Tuthill, Clare L Verrill, Elias P Pintus, Nicola L Dallas, Paul B Rogers, Jacqueline Redgwell, Andrew S Protheroe
BACKGROUND: Stage 1 seminoma is frequently cured by radical orchiectomy; however, the management strategies after this diagnosis vary in terms of the use of adjuvant treatment and the nature of the follow-up protocols. We analyzed stage 1 seminomas treated in the Thames Valley Cancer Network for outcomes to determine whether any factors are predictive of recurrence. We also studied relapses to determine the optimal follow-up schedule and protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from centers within the Thames Valley Cancer Network for a 12-year period from 2004 to 2016...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Diana C G A Pinto, Artur M S Silva
Cancer is one of the most serious illnesses of our civilization. The International Agency for Research on Cancer estimated that 14.1 million new cancer cases were diagnosed. Therefore, the cure efficiency of cancer chemotherapy depends not only on how the anticancer drug is delivered to its targets but also on the anticancer drug itself. Among the approved drugs 80% are derived from natural compounds. In this sense, coumarins, natural polyphenols for which anticancer activity has been proved, can be a source or inspire the synthesis of new anticancer agents...
December 14, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Huang Zhu, Yi-Shin Lai, Ye Li, Robert Blum, Dan Kaufman
Human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) provide a promising resource to produce immune cells for adoptive cellular immunotherapy to better treat and potentially cure otherwise lethal cancers. Cytotoxic T cells and natural killer (NK) cells can now be routinely produced from human PSCs. These PSC-derived lymphocytes have phenotype and function similar to primary lymphocytes isolated from peripheral blood. PSC-derived T and NK cells have advantages compared to primary immune cells, as they can be precisely engineered to introduce improved anti-tumor activity and produced in essentially unlimited numbers...
December 13, 2017: Stem Cells
Lingling Zhang, Xiang Wen, Mengmeng Li, Shiming Li, Hui Zhao
In past decades, increasing evidence regarding cancer stem cells (CSCs) may account for carcinogenesis, tumor drug-resistant, and metastasis. CSCs are even considered as the root causes of tumor recurrence and metastases. Targeting CSCs may provide a new clue to cure cancer. Epidemiological and clinical studies have suggested that intake of dietary natural products may bring health benefits including lowering risk of cancer incidence. In this review, we have particularly focused on targeting signaling pathways of CSCs by natural resveratrol and its dimethylated derivative pterostilbene...
January 2018: BioFactors
Thomas Efferth
BACKGROUND: The shift from cytotoxic to targeted chemotherapy led to improved treatment outcomes in oncology. Nevertheless, many cancer patients cannot be cured from their disease because of the development of drug resistance and side effects. PURPOSE: There is an ongoing quest for novel compounds, which raised not only the interest in natural products but also in novel combination therapy regimens. STUDY DESIGN: In this review, we report on the inhibition epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by targeted small molecules and their combination with natural products from medicinal plants...
December 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Alireza Ebrahimi, Amir Atashi, Masoud Soleimani, Maedeh Mashhadikhan, Ahmadreza Barahimi, Amirhossein Maghari
BACKGROUND: Currently, mushrooms have been used in traditional and folk medicines for their therapeutic activities, such as antibiotic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antileukemic and immunomodulatory actions. This investigation evaluates the anti-invasive, antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of Pleurotus ostreatus (Pleurotaceae) on leukemia cell lines. METHODS: The proliferation of KG-1 cells was measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay after treatment with gradient dilutions of P...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Xiao-Yuan Mao, Ming-Zhu Jin, Jin-Fei Chen, Qin Li, Hong-Hao Zhou, Wei-Lin Jin
Diet sources are closely involved in the pathogenesis of diverse neuropsychiatric disorders and cancers, in addition to inherited factors. Currently, natural products or nutraceuticals (commonly called medical foods) are increasingly employed for adjunctive therapy of these patients. However, the potential molecular mechanisms of the nutrient efficacy remain elusive. In this review, we summarized the neuroprotective and anti-cancer mechanisms of nutraceuticals. It was concluded that the nutraceuticals exerted neuroprotection and suppressed tumor growth possibly through the differential modulations of redox homeostasis...
October 18, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Cinzia Calcabrini, Elena Catanzaro, Anupam Bishayee, Eleonora Turrini, Carmela Fimognari
Despite the huge investment into research and the significant effort and advances made in the search for new anticancer drugs in recent decades, cancer cure and treatment continue to be a formidable challenge. Many sources, including plants, animals, and minerals, have been explored in the oncological field because of the possibility of identifying novel molecular therapeutics. Marine sponges are a prolific source of secondary metabolites, a number of which showed intriguing tumor chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties...
October 13, 2017: Marine Drugs
Faiyaz Notta, Stephan A Hahn, Francisco X Real
A diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is often fatal. PDA is widely recognised as one of the 'incurable cancers' because therapies against this tumour type are generally ineffective. The fatal nature of this tumour is due to its aggressive clinical course. Pancreatic cancer commonly presents at the metastatic stage; even in cases where tumours are localised to the pancreas at diagnosis, metastatic seeds have often been invariably been spawned off, frustrating surgical attempts to cure the cancer...
December 2017: Gut
Haibo Huang, Zhenhuang Shen, Qianqian Geng, Zhenhong Wu, Peiying Shi, Xiaoqing Miao
Cisplatin (CP) has been used to cure numerous forms of cancers effectively in clinics, however, it could induce some toxic effects. Bee pollen is a natural compound, produced by honey bees. It is obtained from collected flower pollen and nectar, mixed with bee saliva. Bee pollen produced from Schisandra chinensis plants is described to exert potent antioxidant effects and to be a free radical scavenger. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic treatment with Schisandra chinensis bee pollen extract (SCBPE) on liver and kidney injury induced by CP...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Soodabeh Hassanpour, Zahra Farajzadeh Vahid, Maryam Hejazi, Maryam Hashemi, Javad Ranjbari, Maryam Tabarzad, Saeed Noorolyai, Miguel de la Guardia
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are one of the most important origins of cancer progression and metastasis. CSCs have unique self-renewal properties and diverse cell membrane receptors that induced the resistance to the conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, the therapeutic removal of CSCs could result in the cancer cure with lack of recurrence and metastasis. In this regard, targeting CSCs in accordance to their specific biomarkers is a talented attitude in cancer therapy. Various CSCs surface biomarkers have been described, which some of them exhibited similarities on different cancer cell types, while the others are cancer specific and have just been reported on one or a few types of cancers...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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