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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625681/variation-of-calcium-copper-and-iron-levels-in-serum-bile-and-stone-samples-of-patients-having-different-types-of-gallstone-a-comparative-study
#1
Mustafa Khan, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Sirajuddin, Muhammad Bilal, Asma Akhtar, Sabir Khan, Salma Kadar
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data among the human population has shown a significantly increased incidence of gallstone (GS) disease worldwide. It was studied that some essential (calcium) and transition elements (iron and copper) in bile play an important role in the development of GS. METHOD: The estimation of calcium, copper and iron were carried out in the serum, gall bladder bile and different types of GS (cholesterol, mixed and pigmented) of 172 patients, age ranged 20-55years...
June 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614174/minimally-invasive-cholecystolithotomy-to-treat-cholecystolithiasis-in-children-a-single-center-experience-with-23-cases
#2
Xiaokun Lin, Jingli Cai, Jisheng Wang, Congde Chen, Guorong He, Yijiang Han
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy is recently popularized treatment that may offer advantages over laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially in China. However, there are few reports concerning the use of this technique in the pediatric population. This report describes our initial experience with minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy using laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy to treat cholecystolithiasis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 23 pediatric patients with cholecystolithiasis who underwent minimally invasive cholecystolithotomy using laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy from January 2009 to December 2015 was performed...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598447/single-stage-management-of-concomitant-cholelithiasis-and-choledocholithiasis
#3
M R Joshi, S Rupakheti, T P Bohara, D R Singh
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis are commonly managed in two stage procedure, endoscopic management of common bile duct stone followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy in different time and setting. We perform these two procedures in same sitting in operating room set up. We evaluated the procedure in terms of outcome, feasibility and complications. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study carried out since April 2013 to August 2016 in all patients who had undergone single stage endoscopic and laparoscopic management of concomitant cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469884/peritoneo-cutaneous-fistula-from-spilled-gall-bladder-calculus-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#4
Suneed Kumar
Inadvertent spillage of gall stones is a rare yet important cause of delayed postcholecystectomy complications. Varied presentations and difficulty in diagnosis are the hallmarks, making it crucial to have a high index of suspicion to detect and intervene appropriately. Peritoneo-cutaneous fistulae from the retained stone can be completely excised in toto.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396555/heterotopic-pancreatic-tissue-associated-with-type-1-choledochal-cyst-cystolithiasis-and-gall-bladder-stones-a-rare-entity-with-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Aditi Arora, Pradyumn Singh, Nidhi Anand, Nuzhat Husain
Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital malformation, particularly when associated with stones in cyst (cystolithiasis), gallstones and heterotopic pancreatic tissue within the cyst wall. The current case represents a 5-year-old boy with abdominal pain, pale colored stools, and jaundice. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed a cystic lesion, arising from common bile duct with cystolithiasis and cholelithiasis. He underwent excision of choledochal cyst and gallbladder with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy...
April 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166071/gallbladder-volume-in-sikkimese-population
#6
R Dey, B K Sharma, V K Singh, D K Jha
Background Gall bladder volume can have clinical and therapeutic implications and possibly affect certain pathophysiological mechanisms of many diseases affecting the gallbladder including gall stones. Objective The objective of the study was to establish baseline indices of gallbladder volume for the Sikkimese population and determine its correlation with age, sex and Body Mass Index. Method A prospective epidemiologic study on selected 100 patients (equal male to female ratio) over the age of 36 years, undergoing ultrasound scan of abdomen, was undertaken...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103928/primary-carcinoma-of-the-cystic-duct-a-case-report-and-review-of-classifications
#7
REVIEW
Lovenish Bains, Daljit Kaur, Arun Kumar Kakar, Aman Batish, Seema Rao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of extrahepatic bile duct malignancies is about 2-3.6% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary carcinoma of cystic duct is a rare condition comprising a fraction of all extrahepatic bile duct malignancies with less than 70 cases reported worldwide. Majority of these cases were reported from East Asia. There is paucity in such case being reported from Indian subcontinent. We present a case of primary carcinoma of the cystic duct encountered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891393/day-care-vs-overnight-stay-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-even-with-co-morbidity-and-a-possible-second-surgery-a-patient-s-choice
#8
Aswini Kumar Pujahari
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for symptomatic gall stone disease. It is being practiced as a day care procedure in healthy individuals in American Society of Anaesthesialogists (ASA) grade I and II. It is not yet established in presence of co-morbidity and when a second surgery is added. In most of the study, patient's choice and the psycho-social factors were not considered in deciding the day care procedure. AIM: To find the safety of LC and a second surgery as day care in presence of compensated co-morbidity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790451/primary-pure-keratinising-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-rare-malignancy-with-aggressive-behaviour
#9
Mansi Chandna, Leela Pant, Malini Garg, Garima Singh, Sompal Singh
Primary well differentiated keratinising Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is a rare gall bladder malignancy accounting for 3.3% of all gall bladder carcinomas. Here we present a case of a 70-year-old female with complaints of dyspepsia and right upper quadrant pain for 3 months. Ultrasonography showed gall stones along with thickened and irregular gall bladder wall. Grossly an exophytic growth was noted involving large part of the body of gall bladder. Histological features were of well differentiated SCC with extensive keratinisation involving full thickness of the wall...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574326/role-of-the-free-radicals-in-mechanisms-of-gallstone-formation-an-epr-study
#10
T Sanikidze, E Chikvaidze
The mechanism of gallstone formation is not well understood. Abnormal regulation of hepatic cholesterol, bile acid synthesis or esterification, deposition of cholesterol monohydrate crystals and gall bladder dysfunction are thought to be the principal metabolic aberrations that may cause gallstone formation. One plausible mechanism leading to these abnormalities is the role of free radicals, whose presence can be investigated using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). Surgically removed gall bladder stones were used to obtain purified bilirubin, which was irradiated in vitro with visible light and measured with EPR in the presence of and without oxygen...
December 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437221/helicobacter-pylori-in-cholecystectomy-specimens-morphological-and-immunohistochemical-assessment
#11
Rashmi Patnayak, Venkatarami Reddy, Amitabh Jena, Siva Gavini, Asha Thota, Rukamangadha Nandyala, Amit Kumar Chowhan
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric carcinoma and gastric lymphoma. Current literature describes presence of H.pylori in various extra-gastric locations and its association with many diseases. Apart from the conventional location of gastric and duodenal mucosa, H.pylori have been isolated and cultured from gallbladder. AIM: Analysis of cholecystectomy specimens to detect H.pylori by means of immunohistochemical staining...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402682/comparative-evaluation-of-ceftriaxone-and-cefotaxime-induced-biliary-pseudolithiasis-or-nephrolithiasis-a-prospective-study-in-154-children
#12
L Ustyol, M D Bulut, K Agengin, K A Bala, A Yavuz, A Bora, K Demiroren, M Dogan
BACKGROUND: Biliary lithiasis, or sludge, and nephrolithiasis have been reported as a possible complication of ceftriaxone therapy. However, no study related to cefotaxime-induced biliary pseudolithiasis or nephrolithiasis was observed in the literature. Therefore, we investigated the comparative formation of biliary pseudolithiasis and nephrolithiasis after cefotaxime and ceftriaxone therapies. METHODS: The patients treated with ceftriaxone or cefotaxime were enrolled during the study period...
July 10, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389306/a-novel-procedure-for-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-the-teres-hanging-technique-combined-with-fundus-first-dome-down-separation
#13
Michihiro Yamamoto, Masazumi Zaima, Yuya Kida, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Hideki Harada, Junichiro Kawamura, Masahiro Yamada, Tekefumi Yazawa
BACKGROUND: Generally, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) requires the use of articulating devices or additional trocars because of the technical difficulties caused by the lack of ergonomics. We developed a novel procedure comprising mainly two simple ideas, "the teres hanging technique combined with fundus-first, dome-down separation," which mainly uses conventional rigid laparoscopic instruments. In this study, we demonstrated our technique and retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386479/failed-common-bile-duct-cannulation-during-pregnancy-rescue-with-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-rendezvous-procedure
#14
Vikas Singla, Anil Arora, Pankaj Tyagi, Praveen Sharma, Naresh Bansal, Ashish Kumar
Common bile duct (CBD) stones can lead to serious complications and require intervention with either endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or laparoscopic techniques for urgent relief. On an average 10%-20% of the patients with gall bladder stones can have associated CBD stones. CBD stones during pregnancy can be associated with hazardous complications for both the mother and the fetus. Failed cannulation while performing ERCP during pregnancy is a technically demanding situation, which requires immediate rescue with special techniques...
May 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309273/liver-hydatid-cyst-and-acute-cholangitis-a-case-report
#15
Behzad Nemati Honar, Gholamhossein Hayatollah, Mohammadreza Nikshoar, Mojgan Forootan, Ali Mohammad Feizi
Amongst the cause of cystic hepatic disease, hydatid cyst is common in the Asia, South America, and Africa. The definitive therapy for hepatic hydatid disease is surgical resection. Rupture of the hydatid cyst into the biliary tree can lead to serious cholangitis. In this report, a 22-year-old man is presented with the signs and symptoms of obstructive jaundice and cholangitis. Ultrasonography reported dilated common bile duct (CBD) with sludge and stones, a hydatid cyst adjacent to the gall bladder and mild thickening of gallbladder wall without a stone...
April 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275091/multiorgan-chronic-inflammatory-hepatobiliary-pancreatic-murine-model-deficient-in-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptors-1-and-2
#16
Helieh S Oz
AIM: To provoke persistent/chronic multiorgan inflammatory response and to contribute to stones formation followed by fibrosis in hepatobiliary and pancreatic tissues. METHODS: Tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (TNFR1/R2) deficient mice reared in-house were given dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) twice within 10 d by oral gavage delivery. Sham control animals received vehicle treatment and naïve animals remained untreated throughout the study. Animals were monitored daily for symptoms of pain and discomfort...
June 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217672/need-for-prophylactic-cholecystectomy-in-silent-gall-stones-in-north-india
#17
REVIEW
Alok Vardhan Mathur
One of the criteria for recommending cholecystectomy for silent gall stones, is gall stones in regions with high incidence of gall bladder cancer. Both gall stones and gall bladder cancer are common in North India. All tertiary care centres in India report high rates of gall bladder cancer (GBC) incidence and poor treatment outcomes in the majority of cases due to advanced stage of presentation. Csendes of Chile has reported very high incidence of gallbladder cancer in Chile and Bolivia and advocated prophylactic cholecystectomy in asymptomatic patients...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134934/pathogenesis-and-management-of-hepatolithiasis-a-report-of-two-cases
#18
Biswajit Dey, Gourav Kaushal, Sajini Elizabeth Jacob, Adarsh Barwad, Biju Pottakkat
Hepatolithiasis or primary intrahepatic stones are prevalent in the Far-East countries such as Korea, Japan and Taiwan. It has been associated with helminthiasis, bacterial infections, environmental and dietary factors. Despite high prevalence of helminthiasis like ascariasis, poor environmental condition and low protein diet, India and Middle-East countries have a low incidence of hepatolithiasis. We report two cases of hepatolithiasis associated with bacterial infections and were surgically managed. The first case is a 45-year-old female presenting with upper abdominal pain and fever...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123469/surgically-resected-gall-bladder-is-histopathology-needed-for-all
#19
Vikash Talreja, Aun Ali, Rabel Khawaja, Kiran Rani, Sunil Sadruddin Samnani, Farah Naz Farid
Background. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered to be gold standard for symptomatic gall stones. As a routine every specimen is sent for histopathological examination postoperatively. Incidentally finding gall bladder cancers in those specimens is around 0.5-1.1%. The aim of this study is to identify those preoperative and intraoperative factors in patients with incidental gall bladder cancer to reduce unnecessary work load on pathologist and cost of investigation particularly in a developing world. Methods...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096773/retroperitoneal-abscess-with-retained-gall-stones-as-a-late-complication-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#20
Mateusz Kamiński, Michał Nowicki
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the golden standard, considering treatment of cholelithiasis. During the laparoscopic procedure one may often observe damage to the gall-bladder wall, as well as presence of gall-stones in the peritoneal cavity, as compared to classical surgery. These gall-stones may be associated with the occurrence of various complications following surgery. The study presented a rare case of a retroperitoneal abscess, as a consequence of retained gall-stones, in a female patient who was subject to laparoscopic cholecystectomy two years earlier...
January 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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