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affect of surface treatment on ceramics

Moustafa N Aboushelib, Hala Ragab, Mohamed Arnaot
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of different aging techniques on zirconia-composite microtensile bond strength using different surface treatments over a 5-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia disks received three surface treatments: airborne-particle abrasion with 50-μm aluminum oxide particles, selective infiltration etching (SIE), or fusion sputtering (FS). The specimens were bonded to pre-aged composite disks using a composite cement containing phosphate monomers (Panavia F2...
2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Canan Akay, Merve Çakırbay Tanış, Emre Mumcu, Mehmet Ali Kılıçarslan, Murat Şen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study is to examine the effects of a nano-structured alumina coating on the adhesion between resin cements and zirconia ceramics using a four-point bending test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 pairs of zirconium bar specimens were prepared with dimensions of 25 mm × 2 mm × 5 mm and cementation surfaces of 5 mm × 2 mm. The samples were divided into 5 groups of 20 pairs each. The groups are as follows: Group I (C) - Control with no surface modification, Group II (APA) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm high-purity aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 ) particles, Group III (ROC) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm silica modified aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 + SiO2 ) particles, Group IV (TCS) - tribochemical silica coated with Al2 O3 particles, and Group V (AlC) - nano alumina coating...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Sven Rinke, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Xenia Schulz, Matthias Rödiger, Gerhard Schmalz, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective evaluation of extended anterior glass-ceramic veneers 7 years after placement in a private practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients (20 females/11 males) underwent restoration with adhesively luted extended veneers that were fabricated using heat-pressed glass-ceramic (Cergo, Dentsply Sirona). A single dentist restored 101 teeth (maxilla, n = 65; mandible, n = 36). Adhesive cementation was performed using an etch-and-rinse adhesive (OptibondFL, Kerr Corporation), and two different dual-curing composite cements (Variolink, Ivoclar Vivadent/Calibra, Dentsply Sirona)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Qian Hailan, Ren Lingyan, Nie Rongrong, Meng Xiangfeng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at determining the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) in varied concentrations on the surface morphology of lithium disilicate glass ceramics and bond durability between resin composites and post-treated lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: After being sintered, ground, and washed, 72 as-prepared specimens of lithium disilicate glass ceramics with dimensions of 11 mm×13 mm×2 mm were randomly divided into three groups. Each group was treated with acid solution [32% phosphoric acid (PA) or 4% or 9...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Aditi Kulkarni, James Rothrock, Jeffery Thompson
PURPOSE: To test the impact of exposure to artificial gastric acid combined with toothbrush abrasion on the properties of dental ceramics. Earlier research has indicated that immersion in artificial gastric acid has caused increased surface roughness of dental ceramics; however, the combined effects of acid immersion and toothbrush abrasion and the impact of increased surface roughness on mechanical strength and optical properties have not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three commercially available ceramics were chosen for this study: feldspathic porcelain, lithium disilicate glass-ceramic, and monolithic zirconium oxide...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Sevcan Kurtulmus-Yilmaz, Esra Cengiz, Salim Ongun, Izgen Karakaya
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on mechanical and optical properties of lithium disilicate ceramic (IPS e.max CAD), 2 resin nanoceramics (Lava Ultimate, GC Cerasmart), and polymer-infiltrated ceramic network material (Vita Enamic). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CAD/CAM blocks were sectioned into 4 × 1 × 14 mm3 bars for three-point bending test and 1 × 8 × 8 mm3 square specimens were obtained for color and translucency measurements. Bar-shaped and square specimens were divided into five groups according to the surface treatment method as: control (no treatment), hydrofluoric acid etching, airborne-particle abrasion, 2 W and 3 W Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (n = 10)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Luís Felipe Guilardi, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira, Vinícius Felipe Wandscher, Marília Pivetta Rippe, Luiz Felipe Valandro
This study aimed to characterize and compare the effect of different aging regimens on surface characteristic (topography and roughness), structural stability (phase transformation) and mechanical performance (Weibull analysis) of a Y-TZP ceramic. Discs (15 × 1.2 mm; VITA In-Ceram YZ) were prepared according to ISO 6872-2015 for biaxial flexural strength testing and randomly assigned into five groups (n = 30): as-sintered, no aging treatment (CTRL); 20 h in autoclave at 134°C, 2 bar pressure (AUT); intermittent mechanical loading at 20 Hz/106 load pulses (MechLoad); AUT followed by MechLoad (AUT+MechLoad); and storage in distilled water at 37°C, for 1 year (STO)...
December 7, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
Divya Iska, Raghu Devanna, Madhvi Singh, Rajkiran Chitumalla, Sai C Bala Balasubramanian, Manish Goutam
INTRODUCTION: Esthetics is one of the common issues because of which patients consult dental orthodontic treatment. Two ways of tooth bleaching are available these days, which includes in-office bleach and home bleach. Various bleaching protocols are available these days for treating the tooth surfaces. Hence, we planned the present study for investigating the impact of various intracoronal bleaching protocols on shear bond strength of ceramic brackets bonded to tooth surface after bleaching...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
S Kutalmış Buyuk, Ahmet Serkan Kucukekenci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic metal brackets applied to different types of ceramic surfaces treated with different etching procedures and bonding agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic CAD/CAM ceramic specimens (N = 120; n = 40 each group) of feldspathic ceramic Vita Mark II, resin nanoceramic Lava Ultimate, and hybrid ceramic Vita Enamic were fabricated (14 × 12 × 3 mm). Ceramic specimens were separated into four subgroups (n = 10) according to type of surface treatment and bonding onto the ceramic surface...
November 15, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
Muhammet Karci, Necla Demir
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a home bleaching agent (Opalescence PF) on the translucency of CAD/CAM ceramic systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 28 sintered ceramic specimens (IPS Empress CAD and IPS e.max CAD; 15 mm long, 10 mm wide, 1 mm thick) were divided into two subgroups as control and bleaching groups (n = 7). Carbamide peroxide (CP), 16%, home bleaching agent was applied onto the surface of each specimen for 6 hours per day for 7 days. A spectrophotometer (VITA Easyshade Advance) was used to measure the CIE L(*) a(*) b(*) coordinates and the reflectance value (Y) of the specimens on white and black backgrounds...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Verónica García-Sanz, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, Omel Mendoza-Yero, Carlos Doñate-Buendía, Javier Montero, Alberto Albaladejo
Femtosecond laser has been proposed as a method for conditioning zirconia surfaces to boost bond strength. However, metallic or ceramic bracket bonding to femtosecond laser-treated zirconia surfaces has not been tested. This study compared the effects of four conditioning techniques, including femtosecond laser irradiation, on shear bond strength (SBS) of metallic and ceramic brackets to zirconia.Three hundred zirconia plates were divided into five groups: 1) control (C); 2) sandblasting (APA); 3) silica coating and silane (SC); 4) femtosecond laser (FS); 5) sandblasting followed by femtosecond laser (APA+SC)...
2017: PloS One
Carlo Prati, Fausto Zamparini, Chiara Pirani, Maria Rosaria Gatto, Adriano Piattelli, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate clinical outcome of early, immediate, and delayed transmucosal implants placed in patients affected by acute/chronic endodontic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five consecutive patients received 131 titanium implants with zirconium-oxide blasted surface. Pre-extractive diagnosis represented the main criteria for implant placement timing, following "best treatment" criteria. Implants were placed with flapless transmucosal technique...
October 2017: Implant Dentistry
Samer Mesmar, N Dorin Ruse
PURPOSE: Resin composite blocks (RCB) are advocated as alternative to ceramic blocks (CB). Prior to use, adherence to these materials should characterized. This study aimed to test the null hypothesis (H0 ) that material and surface treatment combinations do not influence interfacial fracture toughness (KIC ) of a self-cured adhesive resin cement [RelyX Ultimate (RXU)] to RCB or CB, under nonaged and aged conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two RCB, Lava Ultimate (LU) and Enamic (EN), and one CB, IPS e...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Flavia Bollino, Emilia Armenia, Elisabetta Tranquillo
Zirconia (ZrO₂) and zirconia-based glasses and ceramics are materials proposed for use in the dental and orthopedic fields. In this work, ZrO₂ glass was modified by adding different amounts of bioactive and biocompatible hydroxyapatite (HAp). ZrO₂/HAp composites were synthesized via the sol-gel method and heated to different temperatures to induce modifications of their chemical structure, as ascertained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The aim was to investigate the effect of both HAp content and heating on the biological performances of ZrO₂...
July 5, 2017: Materials
Sthelen Nayara Cenci, Igor Alessandro Gontarsky, Marcella Goetz Moro, Lidia Olga Bach Pinheiro, Adriana Postiglione Bührer Samra
The loss of upper front dental elements causes functional and psychosocial problems to the affected individuals. In this case report, the treatment planning considered hard and soft tissue loss for a complex fixed partial denture (FPD) rehabilitation. The six-element, all-ceramic FPD was manufactured using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing system with zirconia framework, veneered with leucite-reinforced ceramic. Ceramic artificial gum was also produced to guarantee tooth-facial proportions as well as lip support, promoting both esthetics and phonetics...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Thuy-Duong Thi Nguyen, Tae-Sung Bae, Dae-Hyeok Yang, Myung-Sik Park, Sun-Jung Yoon
The management of severe acetabular bone defects in revision reconstructive orthopedic surgery is challenging. In this study, cyclic precalcification (CP) treatment was used on both nanotube-surface Ti-mesh and a bone graft substitute for the acetabular defect model, and its effects were assessed in vitro and in vivo. Nanotube-Ti mesh coated with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (HA/β-TCP) was manufactured by an anodizing and a sintering method, respectively. An 8 mm diameter defect was created on each acetabulum of eight rabbits, then treated by grafting materials and covered by Ti meshes...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Koray Soygun, Osman Varol, Ali Ozer, Giray Bolayir
PURPOSE: In this study, three bioceramic materials, [IPS Empress CAD (Ivoclar), IPS e.max CAD (Ivoclar), and Lava Ultimate CAD (3M ESPE)] were treated with three commercial mouthrinses [Listerine, Tantum Verde, and Klorhex]; and changes in colour reflectance and surface roughness values were then quantitatively assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty ceramic samples, with dimensions of 2 × 12 × 14 mm, were prepared and divided into nine sample groups, except three control samples...
June 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Somayeh Zeighami, Ali Gheidari, Hoseinali Mahgoli, Ahmad Rohanian, Safoura Ghodsi
AIM: Surface treatment is necessarily required for bonding of zirconia to the veneering porcelain and luting cements. Sandblasting is the most common and probably the most efficient surface treatment method. Sandblasting roughens the surface and may affect the flexural strength of zirconia. Different sandblasting protocols may yield variable results. This study sought to assess the effect of sandblasting angle and distance on the biaxial flexural strength of zirconia-based ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 50 zirconia discs measuring 1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rafael Tagliari Mores, Márcia Borba, Pedro Henrique Corazza, Álvaro Della Bona, Paula Benetti
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Ceramic restorations often require adjustments using diamond rotary instruments, which damage the glazed surface. The effect of these adjustments on the fracture behavior of these restorations is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of induced surface defects on the fracture load and mode of failure of lithium disilicate-based (LDS) glass ceramic restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Premolar crowns were obtained from LDS computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing blocks (n=60) and glazed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Marco Esposito, Ivan Dojcinovic, Sabrina Buchini, Péter Péchy, Björn-Owe Aronsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of a novel surface treatment (SurfLink, Nano Bridging Molecules, Gland, Switzerland) on titanium dental implants. SurfLink consists of a monolayer of permanently bound multiphosphonic acid molecules, which mimics the surface of naturally occurring hydroxyapatite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients requiring at least two single dental implants had their sites randomised according to a split-mouth design to receive one titanium grade 4 implant treated with SurfLink and one untreated control implant...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
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