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affect of etching ceramics

Liang Chen, Barry D Hammond, Gary Alex, Byoung In Suh
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral repair of porcelain or other silica-based ceramics typically requires the use of silane in the repair protocol. Some porcelain intraoral repairs also involve bonding to exposed or involved tooth tissues including dentin. A study is needed to evaluate whether the cross-contamination of dentin with silane affects bond strength to this tissue. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of silane cross-contamination on dentin bond strength...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Yukinori Maruo, Goro Nishigawa, Masao Irie, Kumiko Yoshihara, Takuya Matsumoto, Shogo Minagi
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the surface morphology, chemical composition and adhesiveness of lithium disilicate glass ceramic after acid etching with hydrofluoric acid or phosphoric acid. METHODS: Lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens polished by 600-grit silicon carbide paper were subjected to one or a combination of these surface treatments: airborne particle abrasion with 50-μm alumina (AA), etching with 5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) or 36% phosphoric acid (Phos), and application of silane coupling agent (Si)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Maria André, Wen Kou, Göran Sjögren, Anders Sundh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of specimen thickness, pretreatment and hydrothermal aging on the biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of lithium di-silicate glass (e.max Cad) and magnesia-stabilized zirconia (ZirMagnum) ceramic discs. METHODS: The e.max Cad discs was studied: i) crystallized, ii) crystallized and glazed and iii) crystallized, glazed and unglazed side etched with hydrofluoric acid. The ZirMagnum discs were studied: i) as delivered, ii) after sandblasting and iii) after heat treatment similar to veneering...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Çağrı Ural, İbrahim Duran, Betül Evmek, İdris Kavut, Seda Cengiz, Emir Yuzbasioglu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different surface treatments on light transmission of aesthetic feldspathic ceramics used in CAD-CAM chairside restorations. METHODS: Forty eight feldspatic ceramic test specimens were prepared from prefabricated CAD-CAM blocks by using a slow speed diamond saw. Test specimens were prepared and divided into 4 groups (n = 12). In the control group, no surface treatments were applied on the feldspathic ceramic surfaces...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Frederik Böke, Ignacio Giner, Adrian Keller, Guido Grundmeier, Horst Fischer
Densely sintered aluminum oxide (α-Al2O3) is chemically and biologically inert. To improve the interaction with biomolecules and cells, its surface has to be modified prior to use in biomedical applications. In this study, we compared two deposition techniques for adhesion promoting SiOx films to facilitate the coupling of stable organosilane monolayers on monolithic α-alumina; physical vapor deposition (PVD) by thermal evaporation and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PE-CVD). We also investigated the influence of etching on the formation of silanol surface groups using hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid solutions...
July 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vanthana Sattabanasuk, Paleenee Charnchairerk, Lada Punsukumtana, Michael F Burrow
AIM: Intraoral repair of fractured ceramic restorations using resin composite is practical for dental treatment. In the present study, we investigated whether differences in surface treatments for glass ceramic would affect resin adhesion. METHODS: Leucite-reinforced glass ceramic plates (IPS Empress Esthetic) were ground with 320-grit silicon carbide paper, cleaned using phosphoric acid, and then etched with hydrofluoric acid (IPS Ceramic Etching Gel) or left unetched, and silanized using silane coupling agent (RelyX Ceramic Primer) or kept unsilanized...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Susmita Das, Vimal Chandra Srivastava
Photochemical technology with microfluidics is emerging as a new platform in environmental science. Microfluidic technology has various advantages, like better mixing and a shorter diffusion distance for the reactants and products; and uniform distribution of light on the photocatalyst. Depending on the material type and related applications, several fabrication techniques have been adopted by various researchers. Microreactors have been prepared by various techniques, such as lithography, etching, mechanical microcutting technology, etc...
June 8, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Hossein Bagheri, Tabassom Hooshmand, Farzaneh Aghajani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different ceramic surface treatments after machining grinding on the biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of machinable dental ceramics with different crystalline phases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Disk-shape specimens (10mm in diameter and 1.3mm in thickness) of machinable ceramic cores (two silica-based and one zirconia-based ceramics) were prepared. Each type of the ceramic surfaces was then randomly treated (n=15) with different treatments as follows: 1) machined finish as control, 2) machined finish and sandblasting with alumina, and 3) machined finish and hydrofluoric acid etching for the leucite and lithium disilicate-based ceramics, and for the zirconia; 1) machined finish and post-sintered as control, 2) machined finish, post-sintered, and sandblasting, and 3) machined finish, post-sintered, and Nd;YAG laser irradiation...
September 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tevfik Yavuz, Oguz Eraslan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of various surface treatments on the surface structure and shear bond strength (SBS) of different ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 288 specimens (lithium-disilicate, leucite-reinforced, and glass infiltrated zirconia) were first divided into two groups according to the resin cement used, and were later divided into four groups according to the given surface treatments: G1 (hydrofluoric acid (HF)+silane), G2 (silane alone-no heat-treatment), G3 (silane alone-then dried with 60℃ heat-treatment), and G4 (silane alone-then dried with 100℃ heat-treatment)...
April 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Renato Roperto, Anna Akkus, Ozan Akkus, Lisa Lang, Manoel Damiao Sousa-Neto, Sorin Teich, Thiago Soares Porto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of ceramic and composite computer aided design-computer aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) blocks bonded to dentin using different adhesive strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, 30 crowns of sound freshly extracted human molars were sectioned horizontally 3 mm above the cementoenamel junction to produce flat dentin surfaces. Ceramic and composite CAD/CAM blocks, size 14, were sectioned into slices of 3 mm thick...
March 2016: Dental Research Journal
Michael Weyhrauch, Christopher Igiel, Herbert Scheller, Gernot Weibrich, Karl Martin Lehmann
PURPOSE: The fracture strengths of all-ceramic crowns cemented on titanium implant abutments may vary depending on crown materials and luting agents. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in fracture strength among crowns cemented on implant abutments using crowns made of seven different monolithic ceramic materials and five different luting agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 525 crowns (75 each of Vita Mark II, feldspathic ceramic [FSC]; Ivoclar Empress CAD, leucite-reinforced glass ceramic [LrGC]; Ivoclar e...
March 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Jeril R Cooper, Nancy B Young, Van B Haywood, Don Mettenburg, Richard S Callan, Fredrick A Rueggeberg
UNLABELLED: Objective Peripheral enamel staining is often noticed after removal of long-term veneer or crown provisional restorations. Application of carbamide peroxide (CP) easily removes the stain, but the potential for immediate bonding with a resin-based cement is questionable. This project tested the short-term, shear bond strength of a commercial, photo-curable, resin cement to bovine enamel after application of a 10% concentration of CP placed for different exposure times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel was flattened and polished...
May 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
María-Victoria Fuentes, Nuria Escribano, Bruno Baracco, Martin Romero, Laura Ceballos
BACKGROUND: No specific indications about the pre-treatment of indirect composite restorations is provided by the manufacturers of most self-adhesive resin cements. The potential effect of silane treatment to the bond strength of the complete tooth/indirect restoration complex is not available.The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of different surface treatments on microtensile bond strength of composite overlays to dentin using several self-adhesive resin cements and a total-etch one...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
T P Sato, L C Anami, R M Melo, L F Valandro, M A Bottino
This study evaluated the effects of surface treatments on the bond strength between the new zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic (ZLS) and resin cement. VITA Suprinity blocks were crystallized according to the manufacturer's instructions and randomly assigned to six groups (N=36; n=6), according to the surface treatment to be performed and aging conditions: HF20, 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds, baseline (control); HF20tc, 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds, aging; HF40, 10% hydrofluoric acid for 40 seconds, baseline; HF40tc, 10% hydrofluoric acid for 40 seconds, aging; CJ, CoJet sandblasting (25 seconds, 2...
May 2016: Operative Dentistry
Samantha Schaffer Pugsley Baratto, Denis Roberto Falcão Spina, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Adilson Yoshio Furuse, Flares Baratto Filho, Gisele Maria Correr
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of silanization protocols on the bond strength of two resin cements to a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic. Thirty-two ceramic discs were assigned to 2 groups (n=16): G1 - dual-cured resin cement and G2 - light-cured resin cement. Four subgroups were evaluated according to the used silanization protocol. The glass-ceramic was etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 s and silane was applied for 1 min, as follows: CTL - according to the manufacturer's instructions; HA - dried with hot air; NWA - washed and dried with water and air at room temperature; HWA - washed and dried with hot water and hot air...
October 2015: Brazilian Dental Journal
Waleed Bakhadher, Hassan Halawany, Nabeel Talic, Nimmi Abraham, Vimal Jacob
The adhesive material used to bond orthodontic brackets to teeth should neither fail during the treatment period, resulting in treatment delays, untoward expenses or patient inconvenience nor should it damage the enamel on debonding at the end of the treatment. Although the effectiveness of a bonding system and any unfavorable effects on the enamel may be studied by conducting in-vivo studies, it is nearly impossible to independently analyze different variables that influence a specific bonding system in the oral environment...
2015: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Zuryati Ab-Ghani, Wahyuni Jaafar, Siew Fon Foo, Zaihan Ariffin, Dasmawati Mohamad
AIM: To evaluate the shear bond strength between the dentin substrate and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing feldspathic ceramic and nano resin ceramics blocks cemented with resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty cuboidal blocks (5 mm × 5 mm × 5 mm) were fabricated in equal numbers from feldspathic ceramic CEREC(®) Blocs PC and nano resin ceramic Lava™ Ultimate, and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10). Each block was cemented to the dentin of 60 extracted human premolar using Variolink(®) II/Syntac Classic (multi-steps etch-and-rinse adhesive bonding), NX3 Nexus(®) (two-steps etch-and-rinse adhesive bonding) and RelyX™ U200 self-adhesive cement...
September 2015: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Nicole Passia, Frank Lehmann, Sandra Freitag-Wolf, Matthias Kern
BACKGROUND: Today, many adhesive systems with different coupling agents for tooth structures and restorative materials are available. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the tensile bond strength (TBS) of different universal adhesive systems to etched lithium disilicate ceramic. METHODS: The authors etched and bonded 96 disk-like lithium disilicate ceramic specimens (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) with 4 different adhesive bonding systems to Plexiglas tubes filled with a composite resin...
October 2015: Journal of the American Dental Association
F Campos, C S Almeida, M P Rippe, R M de Melo, L F Valandro, M A Bottino
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of different surface treatments on the microtensile bond strength between resin cement and a hybrid ceramic. Thirty-two hybrid ceramic slices (8 × 10 × 3 mm) were produced and allocated among four groups according to the surface treatment: Cont = no treatment, HA = 10% hydrofluoric acid applied for 60 seconds, PA = 37% phosphoric acid applied for 60 seconds and CJ = air abrasion with silica particle coated alumina (Cojet Sand, 3M ESPE, 30 μm/2.8 bar). As a control group, eight blocks of feldspathic ceramic (8 × 10 × 3 mm) were etched by hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds (VMII)...
March 2016: Operative Dentistry
Andressa B Venturini, Catina Prochnow, Liliana G May, Marco C Bottino, Luiz Felipe Valandro
This study evaluated the effects of etching with increasing hydrofluoric (HF) acid concentrations on the roughness and flexural strength of a feldspathic ceramic. One hundred and fifty ceramic specimens (14×4×1.2 mm(2)) were produced from ceramic blocks (VitaBlocks Mark II). All specimens were polished, chamfered and sonically cleaned in isopropyl alcohol. Specimens were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=30): SC (control) no ceramic surface etching; HF1, HF3, HF5 and HF10 ceramic surface etching for 60s with 1%, 3%, 5% and 10% HF acid concentrations, respectively...
August 2015: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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