keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glycopyrrolate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493510/comparison-of-reversal-with-neostigmine-of-low-dose-rocuronium-vs-reversal-with-sugammadex-of-high-dose-rocuronium-for-a-short-procedure
#1
E S Choi, A Y Oh, B W Koo, J W Hwang, J W Han, K S Seo, S H Ahn, W J Jeong
Some short procedures require deep neuromuscular blockade, which needs to be reversed at the end of the procedure. Forty-four patients undergoing elective laryngeal micro-surgery were randomly allocated into two groups: rocuronium 0.45 mg.kg(-1) with neostigmine (50 μg.kg(-1) with glycopyrrolate 10 μg.kg(-1) ) reversal (moderate block group) vs. rocuronium 0.90 mg.kg(-1) with sugammadex (4 mg.kg(-1) ) reversal (deep block group). The primary outcome was the intubating conditions during laryngoscopy secondary outcomes included recovery of neuromuscular block; conditions for tracheal intubation; satisfaction score as determined by the surgeon; onset of neuromuscular block; and postoperative sore throat...
May 11, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479415/off-label-medication-use-in-the-inpatient-palliative-care-unit
#2
Jung Hye Kwon, Min Ji Kim, Sebastian Bruera, Minjeong Park, Eduardo Bruera, David Hui
CONTEXT: Although off-label medications are frequently prescribed in palliative care, there are no published studies examining their use in the United States. OBJECTIVES: We examined the frequency of off-label medication use in cancer patients admitted to an acute palliative care unit (APCU). METHODS: This prospective observational study enrolled consecutive patients with advanced cancer admitted to the APCU of a tertiary care cancer center...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443352/gff-mdi-for-the-improvement-of-lung-function-in-copd-a-look-at-the-pinnacle-1-and-pinnacle-2-data-and-beyond
#3
Klaus F Rabe
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death globally and incidence rates are continuing to rise. Long-acting bronchodilators are the foundation on which current pharmacological approaches to COPD management are built, with long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) recommended across the spectrum of the disease continuum. Combining LAMAs and LABAs provides additional lung function improvements and relief of patient symptoms compared with either therapy alone...
May 2, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427541/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-glycopyrrolate-formoterol-metered-dose-inhaler-using-novel-co-suspension%C3%A2-delivery-technology-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Nicola A Hanania, Donald P Tashkin, Edward M Kerwin, James F Donohue, Michael Denenberg, Denis E O'Donnell, Dean Quinn, Shahid Siddiqui, Chad Orevillo, Andrea Maes, Colin Reisner
BACKGROUND: The long-term safety and efficacy of a novel Co-Suspension™ Delivery Technology glycopyrrolate (GP)/formoterol fumarate (FF) 18/9.6 μg fixed-dose combination metered dose inhaler (GFF MDI) were investigated in a 28-week safety extension study (PINNACLE-3, NCT01970878) of two randomized controlled Phase III trials (PINNACLE-1 and -2; NCT01854645 and NCT01854658) in subjects with moderate-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Subjects completing 24 weeks' treatment with GFF MDI, GP MDI, FF MDI (all twice-daily) or open-label tiotropium 18 μg (once-daily) in PINNACLE-1 or -2 were randomly selected to continue treatment for 28 weeks...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412263/oculocardiac-reflex-in-an-orbital-fracture-without-entrapment
#5
Timothy C Woernley, Thomas L Wright, Duc N Lam, Jonathon S Jundt
Large orbital fractures in older patients are infrequently associated with an exaggerated oculocardiac reflex. This report describes the case of a patient in his 40s with a large right orbital floor and medial wall fracture without radiographic evidence of extraocular muscle compression or entrapment who developed severe nausea and bradycardia with movement of his affected eye. The patient exhibited bradycardia to 17 beats per minute during the initial examination and was taken urgently to the operating room for reconstruction of the right orbital floor and medial wall...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399799/half-dose-sugammadex-combined-with-neostigmine-is-non-inferior-to-full-dose-sugammadex-for-reversal-of-rocuronium-induced-deep-neuromuscular-blockade-a-cost-saving-strategy
#6
Marie T Aouad, Waseem S Alfahel, Roland N Kaddoum, Sahar M Siddik-Sayyid
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex reverses the effect of rocuronium more rapidly and effectively than neostigmine, at all levels of neuromuscular blockade (NMB). However, its cost is prohibitive. The combination of half dose sugammadex with neostigmine would be non-inferior to full dose sugammadex for the reversal of deep NMB. This approach would reduce the cost of sugammadex while preserving its efficacy. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated to receive sugammadex 4 mg/kg (Group S) or sugammadex 2 mg/kg with neostigmine 50 μg/kg and glycopyrrolate 10 μg/kg (Group NS) for reversal of rocuronium deep NMB...
April 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392946/management-of-residual-neuromuscular-blockade-recovery-age-old-problem-with-a-new-solution
#7
Michael S Green, Archana Gundigi Venkatesh, Ranjani Venkataramani
Neostigmine has been traditionally used as the agent of choice to reverse Neuromuscular Blockade (NMB) after muscle paralysis during general anesthesia. However, the use of neostigmine has not been without untoward events. Sugammadex is a novel drug that selectively binds to aminosteroid nondepolarizing muscle relaxants and reverses even a deep level of NMB. Controversy exists regarding the optimal dose of sugammadex that is effective in reversing the NMB after the incomplete reversal with neostigmine and glycopyrrolate...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329602/glycopyrrolate-induced-craniofacial-compensatory-hyperhidrosis-successfully-treated-with-oxybutynin-report-of-a-novel-adverse-effect-and-subsequent-successful-treatment
#8
Megan E Prouty, Ryan Fischer, Deede Liu
Hyperhidrosis, or abnormally increased sweating, is a condition that may have a primary or secondary cause. Usually medication- induced secondary hyperhidrosis manifests with generalized, rather than focal sweating. We report a 32-year-old woman with a history of palmoplantar hyperhidrosis for 15 years who presented for treatment and was prescribed oral glycopyrrolate. One month later, the palmoplantar hyperhidrosis had resolved, but she developed new persistent craniofacial sweating. After an unsuccessful trial of clonidine, oxybutynin resolved the craniofacial hyperhidrosis...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298780/effects-of-inhaled-nitrous-oxide-on-the-induction-dose-and-time-requirements-of-propofol-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#9
Kavita Jain, Surendra Kumar Sethi, Mamta Damor, Neena Jain
CONTEXT: Propofol is a commonly used induction agent during general anesthesia. As a sole agent, it does not provide any strong analgesic effect. The nitrous oxide (N2O) used along with propofol for induction of anesthesia augments the induction characteristics and reduces the dose of propofol. AIMS: To study the effects of inhaled N2O on the induction dose and time of propofol during general anesthesia and also its hemodynamic response and adverse effects. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The present research is a prospective, randomized, double-blind comparative study...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183573/glycopyrrolate-it-s-time-to-review
#10
REVIEW
Jonathan Howard, Jason Wigley, Gerald Rosen, Jay D'mello
Medication shortages have become an all-too-common inconvenience that has forced anesthesia providers to examine our administering practices. Because of these shortages, commonly used medications are at the greatest risk. Glycopyrrolate (Robinul), which has been in short supply in recent years, is one of the most widely used anticholinergic agents, especially in conjunction with the anticholinesterase neostigmine, for reversal of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) drugs. Here we review multiple studies from 1972 through 1986 that used varying methods of patient selection and dosage and drug combination criteria, and which noted that glycopyrrolate had a superior efficacy and adverse effect profile when compared with atropine in NMB reversal...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129312/the-effect-of-glycopyrrolate-on-nocturnal-sialorrhea-in-patients-using-clozapine-a-randomized-crossover-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Wai Hong Man, Jantine C A Colen-de Koning, Peter F J Schulte, Wiepke Cahn, Ingrid M M van Haelst, Hieronymus J Doodeman, Toine C G Egberts, Eibert R Heerdink, Ingeborg Wilting
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal sialorrhea is one of the most frequent adverse events in clozapine treatment. Symptomatic management of sialorrhea usually consists of off-label treatment with anticholinergic agents. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of glycopyrrolate in patients using clozapine that experience sialorrhea. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized crossover trial, patients with nocturnal sialorrhea (n = 32) were randomized to treatment with glycopyrrolate 1 mg or placebo...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128660/cardiac-failure-in-a-trisomy-9-patient-undergoing-anesthesia-a-case-report
#12
Cara J Riley, Timothy Moore, Lauren Eagelston, Dale Burkett, Scott Auerbach, Richard J Ing
A 27-year-old female with Trisomy 9 mosaicism presented to Children's Hospital Colorado for outpatient dental surgery under general anesthesia. The patient's past medical history was also significant for premature birth, gastroesophageal reflux, scoliosis and kyphosis, obesity, and developmental delay. Per her mother's report, the patient had no cardiac issues. She had undergone multiple previous general anesthetics, some of which documented respiratory complications such as laryngospasm, bronchospasm, and possible aspiration...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128284/sensory-and-autonomic-function-and-structure-in-footpads-of-a-diabetic-mouse-model
#13
Ying Liu, Blessan Sebastian, Ben Liu, Yiyue Zhang, John A Fissel, Baohan Pan, Michael Polydefkis, Mohamed H Farah
Sensory and autonomic neuropathy affects the majority of type II diabetic patients. Clinically, autonomic evaluation often focuses on sudomotor function yet this is rarely assessed in animal models. We undertook morphological and functional studies to assess large myelinated and small unmyelinated axons in the db/db type II diabetes mouse model. We observed that autonomic innervation of sweat glands in the footpads was significantly reduced in db/db mice compared to control db/+ mice and this deficit was greater compared to reductions in intraepidermal sensory innervation of adjacent epidermis...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093070/clonidine-is-effective-for-the-treatment-of-primary-idiopathic-hyperhidrosis-and-hot-flushes-a-case-report
#14
Ahmed Albadrani
BACKGROUND: While primary hyperhidrosis can be seen in men, accompanying hot flushes is rarely seen in men. Primary hyperhidrosis is thought to be related to overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system while hot flushes are believed to be related to altered peripheral vascular reactivity and a narrowed thermoregulatory zone. CASE PRESENTATION: I report the case of a 29-year-old man of Arab origin who presented to a dermatology clinic with a complaint of generalized sweating, with heavier involvement of his inguinal region, axilla, and lower back...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081026/the-effect-of-nebulized-glycopyrrolate-on-posterior-drooling-in-patients-with-brain-injury-two-cases-of-different-brain-lesions
#15
Zee-Ihn Lee, Kwang Jae Yu, Dae Hee Lee, Seong Kyung Hong, Seung Beom Woo, Jong Min Kim, Donghwi Park
Posterior drooling, which can lead to substantial respiratory morbidity, including unexplained lung diseases and recurrent pneumonia, is an important issue in the rehabilitation unit. There are various treatment options for posterior drooling, including pharmacologic therapy, oral motor or behavioral therapy, biofeedback, local glandular injection of botulinum toxin, irradiation, and surgery. Among them, nebulized glycopyrrolate has the following advantages: It is noninvasive and is relatively free of central adverse effects because it does not cross the blood-brain barrier unlike other anticholinergics...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061907/a-randomized-seven-day-study-to-assess-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-glycopyrrolate-formoterol-fumarate-fixed-dose-combination-metered-dose-inhaler-using-novel-co-suspension%C3%A2-delivery-technology-in-patients-with-moderate-to-very-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary
#16
Colin Reisner, Leonardo M Fabbri, Edward M Kerwin, Charles Fogarty, Selwyn Spangenthal, Klaus F Rabe, Gary T Ferguson, Fernando J Martinez, James F Donohue, Patrick Darken, Earl St Rose, Chad Orevillo, Shannon Strom, Tracy Fischer, Michael Golden, Sarvajna Dwivedi
BACKGROUND: Long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting β2-agonist combinations are recommended for patients whose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not managed with monotherapy. We assessed the efficacy and safety of glycopyrrolate (GP)/formoterol fumarate (FF) fixed-dose combination delivered via a Co-Suspension™ Delivery Technology-based metered dose inhaler (MDI) (GFF MDI). METHODS: This was a Phase IIb randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind, chronic-dosing (7 days), crossover study in patients with moderate-to-very severe COPD ( NCT01085045 )...
January 6, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024715/incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-following-gynecological-laparoscopy-a-comparison-of-standard-anesthetic-technique-and-propofol-infusion
#17
Pradipta Bhakta, Bablu Rani Ghosh, Umesh Singh, Preeti S Govind, Abhinav Gupta, Kulwant Singh Kapoor, Rajesh Kumar Jain, Tulsi Nag, Dipanwita Mitra, Manjushree Ray, Vikash Singh, Gauri Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of propofol-based anesthesia in gynecological laparoscopies in reducing incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting compared to a standard anesthesia using thiopentone/isoflurane. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind (for anesthesia techniques used) and double-blind (for postoperative assessment) controlled trial. SETTING: Operation theater, postanesthesia recovery room, teaching hospital...
December 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976476/treatment-of-primary-hyperhidrosis-with-oral-anticholinergic-medications-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
L Cruddas, D M Baker
Primary hyperhidrosis is a condition characterized by excessive sweating. Patients are treated off-license with oral anticholinergic medications and report adverse events associated with systemic anticholinergic interactions. This review assesses clinical evidence of efficacy, impact on quality of life and adverse events associated with oral anticholinergic therapy for primary hyperhidrosis. PRISMA guidelines were implemented to complete a systematic review (PROSPERO:CRD42016036326). MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed were searched from 1946 to 2015...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966225/parasympathetic-withdrawal-increases-heart-rate-after-2%C3%A2-weeks-at-3454%C3%A2-m-altitude
#19
Christoph Siebenmann, Peter Rasmussen, Mike Hug, Stefanie Keiser, Daniela Flück, James P Fisher, Matthias P Hilty, Marco Maggiorini, Carsten Lundby
KEY POINTS: Heart rate is increased in chronic hypoxia and we tested whether this is the result of increased sympathetic nervous activity, reduced parasympathetic nervous activity, or a non-autonomic mechanism. In seven lowlanders, heart rate was measured at sea level and after 2 weeks at high altitude after individual and combined pharmacological inhibition of sympathetic and/or parasympathetic control of the heart. Inhibition of parasympathetic control of the heart alone or in combination with inhibition of sympathetic control abolished the high altitude-induced increase in heart rate...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939204/role-of-glycopyrrolate-in-healing-of-anastomotic-dehiscence-after-primary-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-in-a-low-resource-setting-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahesh Manilal Vaghela, J K Mahajan, Jegadeesh Sundram, Neerja Bhardwaj, K L N Rao
AIMS: To investigate the role of glycopyrrolate in decreasing oral secretions in patients of esophageal atresia (EA) with anastomotic leak and evaluate its effect on healing of anastomotic dehiscence. METHODS: The study comprised consecutive neonates of esophageal atresia, who had undergone primary surgery and developed anastomotic leak. The patients were randomized into two groups with the observer blinded to the group. The patients in the treatment group were administered glycopyrrolate in the dose of 8 μg/kg 8 hourly, whereas placebo group patients were injected normal saline only...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
102523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"