keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anemia review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156596/microvesicle-involvement-in-shiga-toxin-associated-infection
#1
REVIEW
Annie Villysson, Ashmita Tontanahal, Diana Karpman
Shiga toxin is the main virulence factor of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, a non-invasive pathogen that releases virulence factors in the intestine, causing hemorrhagic colitis and, in severe cases, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). HUS manifests with acute renal failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Shiga toxin induces endothelial cell damage leading to platelet deposition in thrombi within the microvasculature and the development of thrombotic microangiopathy, mostly affecting the kidney. Red blood cells are destroyed in the occlusive capillary lesions...
November 19, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155496/insulin-resistance-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Hong Xu, Juan J Carrero
This review provides an overview of insulin resistance (IR) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). IR is a pathological state in which target tissues fail to respond normally to insulin. IR is understood as a consequence of CKD and its prevalence rises particularly in advanced CKD stages. Mechanisms leading to IR are complex and multifactorial, involving post-receptor signaling defects, unhealthy lifestyles, metabolic acidosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, vitamin D deficiency, anemia, and uremic toxicity, as shown by human and experimental studies over the last 30 years...
December 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153900/clinicopathological-findings-in-sick-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-infantum-comparison-of-five-different-clinical-classification-systems
#3
A Meléndez-Lazo, L Ordeix, M Planellas, J Pastor, L Solano-Gallego
A wide spectrum of clinical and clinicopathological findings in dogs with canine leishmaniosis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum exists. However, the majority of clinical descriptions have been published a long time ago and recent studies in Europe are almost lacking. In addition, clinical classification of sick dogs is not well-standardized, with different classification systems used by clinical and epidemiological studies, making comparison of studies a difficult task. The aims of the study were to describe the clinicopathological findings of dogs naturally infected with L...
November 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147869/hematological-adverse-effects-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-cyclin-dependent-kinase-4-and-6-inhibitors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Loay Kassem, Kyrillus S Shohdy, Shaimaa Lasheen, Omar Abdel-Rahman, Thomas Bachelot
BACKGROUND: The introduction of specific cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors significantly improved progression-free survival in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer. CDK 4/6 inhibitors induce cell cycle arrest via liberating the tumor suppressor retinoblastoma protein from CDK4/6 inhibitory effect. Preliminary studies suggested an increase in the hematological toxicities which might affect the quality of life in such palliative setting. METHODS: We searched PubMed, ASCO, ESMO and San Antonio meeting databases for randomized phase II/III trials in metastatic breast cancer receiving CDK4/6 inhibitors with safety data provided on the incidence of hematological adverse effects...
November 16, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147843/iron-and-infection
#5
REVIEW
Tomas Ganz
Iron is an essential trace metal for nearly all infectious microorganisms, and host defense mechanisms target this dependence to deprive microbes of iron. This review highlights mechanisms that are activated during infections to restrict iron on mucosal surfaces, in plasma and extracellular fluid, and within macrophages. Iron overload disorders, such as hereditary hemochromatosis or β-thalassemia, interfere with iron-restrictive host responses, and thereby cause increased susceptibility to infections with microbes that can exploit this vulnerability...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143641/effects-of-deworming-on-child-and-maternal-health-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Winter Maxwell Thayer, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth infections are widespread. Many studies have been published on the topic of deworming. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software package that uses a deterministic mathematical model to estimate the effect of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health outcomes. This review investigates the scope of available evidence for benefits of deworming treatments in order to inform a decision about possible inclusion of deworming as an intervention in LiST...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143130/two-threshold-levels-of-vitamin-d-and-the-prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-outpatients-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#7
I N Furuie, M J J Mauro, S Petruzziello, S C Riechi, R R Petterle, C L Boguszewski, V Z C Borba
This study evaluated the number of comorbidities between two normal values of 25OHD in outpatients during 1 year of 25OHD measurements. Five hundred twenty-nine outpatients were included, patients with 25OHD ≥ 20 and < 30 ng/mL had the higher number of comorbidities, suggesting that for this specific population, 25OHD ≥ 30 ng/mL would be more appropriate. INTRODUCTION : This study evaluated the comorbidities between two values of 25OHD in outpatients of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with measures of 25OHD in 1-year period, excluding 25OHD < 20 and > 50 ng/mL, clinical research participants, and liver disease and chronic renal failure patients...
November 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143068/patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-classical-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#8
Prajwal Boddu, Lucia Masarova, Srdan Verstovsek, Paolo Strati, Hagop Kantarjian, Jorge Cortes, Zeev Estrov, Sherry Pierce, Naveen Pemmaraju
Little is known about the outcomes of Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in adolescents and young adults (AYA). We reviewed all patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and myelofibrosis (MF) treated at our institution from 1988 to 2016 who were aged 16 to 39 years (AYA) and described their outcomes in comparison to older MPN population. Of 2206 patients, 185 (8.3%) were identified as AYA: 105 (57%) ET, 43 (23%) PV, and 37 (20%) MF. The median age was 33 years [range, 16-39], and median follow-up time 3 years [range, 0...
November 15, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141943/anemia-at-older-age-etiologies-clinical-implications-and-management
#9
Reinhard Stauder, Peter Valent, Igor Theurl
Anemia is quite frequently diagnosed in older individuals and is a key indicator of various reactive and clonal conditions. Many underlying diseases, like the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), develop preferentially in elderly individuals. The prevalence of anemia at older age is increasing, and this is mainly due to more frequently applied diagnostics and demographic changes in our societies. The etiology of anemia at older age is complex and ranges from bone marrow failure syndromes to chronic kidney disease, and from nutritional deficiencies to inflammatory processes including inflammaging in immunosenescence...
November 15, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140934/response-of-symptomatic-persistent-chronic-disseminated-candidiasis-to-corticosteroid-therapy-in-immunosuppressed-pediatric-patients-case-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Vered Shkalim-Zemer, Itzhak Levi, Salvador Fischer, Hannah Tamary, Joanne Yakobovich, Gali Avrahami, Gil Gilad, Sara Elitzur, Isaac Yaniv, Ronit Elhasid, Michal Manistersky, Itamar Shalit
BACKGROUND: Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is a severe invasive fungal infection principally observed during neutrophil recovery in patients with acute leukemia treated with intensive chemotherapy. Its pathophysiology remains unclear. We describe the management of six children with symptomatic CDC who did not respond to antifungal therapy. METHODS: The databases of the hematology-oncology departments of two tertiary pediatric medical centers were searched for all patients diagnosed with CDC from 2003 to 2015 who responded to corticosteroids after failing antifungal therapy...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139060/iron-metabolism-in-erythroid-cells-and-patients-with-congenital-sideroblastic-anemia
#11
REVIEW
Kazumichi Furuyama, Kiriko Kaneko
Sideroblastic anemias are anemic disorders characterized by the presence of ring sideroblasts in a patient's bone marrow. These disorders are typically divided into two types, congenital or acquired sideroblastic anemia. Recently, several genes were reported as responsible for congenital sideroblastic anemia; however, the relationship between the function of the gene products and ring sideroblasts is largely unclear. In this review article, we will focus on the iron metabolism in erythroid cells as well as in patients with congenital sideroblastic anemia...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138677/oxidative-stress-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Vassilios Liakopoulos, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Xenia Gorny, Evangelia Dounousi, Peter R Mertens
Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at high risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. In addition to traditional risk factors, excessive oxidative stress (OS) and chronic inflammation emerge as novel and major contributors to accelerated atherosclerosis and elevated mortality. OS is defined as the imbalance between antioxidant defense mechanisms and oxidant products, the latter overwhelming the former. OS appears in early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), advances along with worsening of renal failure, and is further exacerbated by the HD process per se...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138069/traumatic-fractures-of-the-cervical-spine-analysis-of-changes-in-incidence-etiology-concurrent-injuries-and-complications-among-488-262-patients-from-2005-2013
#13
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Frank A Segreto, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Olivia J Bono, Rafael De La Garza-Ramos, John Y Moon, Charles Wang, Brandon P Hirsch, Peter L Zhou, Michael Gerling, Heiko Koller, Virginie Lafage
OBJECTIVE: The etiologies and epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine fracture have not been described with sufficient power or recency. Our goal is to describe demographics, incidence, etiology, spinal cord injuries (SCIs), concurrent injuries, treatments, and complications of traumatic cervical spine fractures. METHODS: Retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. ICD-9 E-Codes identified trauma cases from 2005-2013. Patients with cervical fracture were isolated...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133208/homozygous-loss-of-function-brca1-variant-causing-a-fanconi-anemia-like-phenotype-a-clinical-report-and-review-of-previous-patients
#14
Bruna L Freire, Thais K Homma, Mariana F A Funari, Antônio M Lerario, Aline de Medeiros Leal, Elvira D Rodrigues Pereira Velloso, Alexsandra C Malaquias, Alexander A L Jorge
BACKGROUND: Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare and heterogeneous genetic syndrome. It is associated with short stature, bone marrow failure, high predisposition to cancer, microcephaly and congenital malformation. Many genes have been associated with FA. Previously, two adult patients with biallelic pathogenic variant in Breast Cancer 1 gene (BRCA1) had been identified in Fanconi Anemia-like condition. CLINICAL REPORT: The proband was a 2.5 year-old girl with severe short stature, microcephaly, neurodevelopmental delay, congenital heart disease and dysmorphic features...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130141/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-initially-presented-as-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-a-male-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Xiaohan Xu, Tienan Zhu, Di Wu, Lu Zhang
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially lethal multisystem disorder which could be caused by autoimmune diseases. However, the concomitant occurrence of TTP and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an extremely uncommon scenario, especially in male patients. A 56-year-old Chinese male was admitted for the appearance of diffuse ecchymosis. Then he gradually developed transient slurred speech, progressive confusion, agitation, extremity weakness, and fever. Laboratory investigations suggested anemia, thrombocytopenia, significantly increased lactic dehydrogenase, schistocytes in peripheral blood smear, and a disintegrin-like metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motif type 1 member 13 (ADAMTS13) activity deficiency with high inhibitor titers...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130004/gastrointestinal-involvement-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumor-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Asad Jehangir, Sunila Byreddy, Sharon Swierczynski, Anthony Donato
Testicular germ cell tumors (GCT) are the commonest solid tumors in young men. Typical presentation is with painless scrotal swelling; however, symptoms related to complications or metastasis may be the initial presentation. Gastrointestinal (GI) metastasis is seen in about 5% of patients with germ cell tumors and presentation is commonly with GI bleed. It is important to have GCT as a differential diagnosis of GI bleed in young men presenting with unexplained anemia as direct questioning about scrotal swelling and genital examination when appropriate will guide further investigation and facilitate prompt diagnosis...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129340/synchronous-colorectal-cancer-and-multiple-myeloma-with-chest-wall-involvement-is-this-a-coincidence
#17
Qiu-Li Li, Jin-An Ma, Hai-Peng Li, Ren-Bing Huang, Chun-Hong Hu, Xian-Ling Liu, Ya-Wen Gao, Gang-Hua Feng, Fang Wu
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) are rare malignant neoplasms that simultaneously or successively occur in the same patient as 2 or more primary malignancies. Currently, an increasing number of cases are being reported. In general, MPMNs more commonly occur as 2 solid tumors or 2 hematological malignancies. Cases of MPMN that involve a solid tumor and a hematological malignancy are rare. Here, we report a case of synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and multiple myeloma (MM) with chest wall involvement...
September 25, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129158/practical-gastrointestinal-investigation-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#18
Anjan K Banerjee, Valerio Celentano, Jim Khan, Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Amanda Quine, Pradeep Bhandari
About 10% of oesophagogastroduodenoscopies (OGDs) and colonoscopies are done for investigation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Much of the existing guidance on investigation of IDA predates CRC screening, which has driven significant improvements in colonoscopy quality and completion rates, as well as a reduction in Helicobacter pylori prevalence and increase in PPI usage, and therefore probably needs re-consideration. New investigations, e.g. CT colonography, enteroscopy and capsule endoscopy have also been introduced...
November 13, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128268/benefits-and-health-implications-of-testosterone-therapy-in-men-with-testosterone-deficiency
#19
REVIEW
Abdulmaged M Traish
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone (T) deficiency (TD; hypogonadism) has deleterious effects on men's health; negatively affects glycometabolic and cardiometabolic functions, body composition, and bone mineral density; contributes to anemia and sexual dysfunction; and lowers quality of life. T therapy (TTh) has been used for the past 8 decades to treat TD, with positive effects on signs and symptoms of TD. AIM: To summarize the health benefits of TTh in men with TD. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed, articles relevant to TTh were accessed and evaluated, and a comprehensive summary was synthesized...
November 8, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128254/anemia-in-heart-failure-still-relevant
#20
REVIEW
Niels Grote Beverborg, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Peter van der Meer
One-third of all patients with heart failure have anemia, and its presence is associated with more symptoms, increased rates of hospitalization, and mortality. The etiology of anemia is multifactorial, complex, and varies between patients. The most important factors leading to anemia in heart failure are inadequate erythropoietin production resulting from renal failure, intrinsic bone marrow defects, medication use, and nutritional deficiencies such as iron deficiency. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) have been proven to successfully correct hemoglobin levels, albeit without significant improvement in clinical outcome...
October 31, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
keyword
keyword
102520
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"