keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

manipulate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103604/modification-of-first-impression-formation-and-personality-by-manipulating-outer-appearance
#1
Susanne-Marie Hüttner, Michael Linden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Global impression is the first item in any psychopathological evaluation, as patients often elicit negative responses in other persons by a dysfunctional first impression formation. This can lead to interactional problems and stigmatization. This study tested to what degree the perception of "personality" can be changed by simple manipulations of the outer appearance of a person. METHOD: A total of 92 persons were given two different photos of the same female, one with hair combed back and the other with "open" curly hair...
January 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103569/an-intelligent-actuator-fault-reconstruction-scheme-for-robotic-manipulators
#2
Bing Xiao, Shen Yin
This paper investigates a difficult problem of reconstructing actuator faults for robotic manipulators. An intelligent approach with fast reconstruction property is developed. This is achieved by using observer technique. This scheme is capable of precisely reconstructing the actual actuator fault. It is shown by Lyapunov stability analysis that the reconstruction error can converge to zero after finite time. A perfect reconstruction performance including precise and fast properties can be provided for actuator fault...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103543/-digitally-inking-in-the-21st-century
#3
Michelle Annett
The ubiquity and mobility of contemporary computing devices has enabled users to consume content, anytime, anywhere. Yet, when we need to create content, touch input is far from perfect. When coupled with touch input, the stylus should enable users to simultaneously ink, manipulate the page, and switch between tools with ease, so why has the stylus yet to achieve universal adoption? Michelle Annett's thesis sought to understand the usability barriers and tensions that have prevented stylus input from gaining traction and reaching widespread adoption...
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103542/interactive-exploration-of-3d-scanned-baggage
#4
Michael Traore, Christophe Hurter
An interactive visualization system can support volumetric data exploration in airport security screenings by addressing the challenges unique to the baggage inspection. The proposed system includes a set of interaction techniques that combine the direct manipulation of voxels and their interactive visualization. The system's final tools and GUI design incorporate feedback from airport personnel and were validated by real-world users in terms of effectiveness and ease of use.
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103541/playing-with-senses-in-vr-alternate-perceptions-combining-vision-and-touch
#5
Anatole Lecuyer
Virtual reality is an immersive experience based on computer-generated stimulations perceived with multiple sensory channels. It is possible to manipulate these sensory stimulations independently and create conflicting situations in which, for instance, vision and touch are spatially and/or temporally inconsistent. This article discusses how to exploit these ambiguous sensorial situations to generate new kinds of percept using three types of examples: pseudo-haptic effects, self-motion sensations, and body-ownership illusions...
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103482/synaptic-plasticity-onto-dopamine-neurons-shapes-fear-learning
#6
Marco Pignatelli, George Kwabena Essien Umanah, Sissi Palma Ribeiro, Rong Chen, Senthilkumar Senthil Karuppagounder, Hau-Jie Yau, Stephen Eacker, Valina Lynn Dawson, Ted Murray Dawson, Antonello Bonci
Fear learning is a fundamental behavioral process that requires dopamine (DA) release. Experience-dependent synaptic plasticity occurs on DA neurons while an organism is engaged in aversive experiences. However, whether synaptic plasticity onto DA neurons is causally involved in aversion learning is unknown. Here, we show that a stress priming procedure enhances fear learning by engaging VTA synaptic plasticity. Moreover, we took advantage of the ability of the ATPase Thorase to regulate the internalization of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) in order to selectively manipulate glutamatergic synaptic plasticity on DA neurons...
January 18, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103317/genetically-thermo-stabilised-immunogenic-poliovirus-empty-capsids-a-strategy-for-non-replicating-vaccines
#7
Helen Fox, Sarah Knowlson, Philip D Minor, Andrew J Macadam
While wild type polio has been nearly eradicated there will be a need to continue immunisation programmes for some time because of the possibility of re-emergence and the existence of long term excreters of poliovirus. All vaccines in current use depend on growth of virus and most of the non-replicating (inactivated) vaccines involve wild type viruses known to cause poliomyelitis. The attenuated vaccine strains involved in the eradication programme have been used to develop new inactivated vaccines as production is thought safer...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103271/early-stages-of-sea-level-rise-lead-to-decreased-salt-marsh-plant-diversity-through-stronger-competition-in-mediterranean-climate-marshes
#8
Akana E Noto, Jonathan B Shurin
Climate change shuffles species ranges and creates novel interactions that may either buffer communities against climate change or exacerbate its effect. For instance, facilitation can become more prevalent in salt marshes under stressful conditions while competition is stronger in benign environments. Sea-level rise (SLR) is a consequence of climate change that affects the distribution of stress from inundation and salinity. To determine how interactions early in SLR are affected by changes in these two stressors in Mediterranean-climate marshes, we transplanted marsh turfs to lower elevations to simulate SLR and manipulated cover of the dominant plant species, Salicornia pacifica (formerly Salicornia virginica)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103247/bombyx-mori-p-element-somatic-inhibitor-bmpsi-is-a-key-auxiliary-factor-for-silkworm-male-sex-determination
#9
Jun Xu, Shuqing Chen, Baosheng Zeng, Anthony A James, Anjiang Tan, Yongping Huang
Manipulation of sex determination pathways in insects provides the basis for a wide spectrum of strategies to benefit agriculture and public health. Furthermore, insects display a remarkable diversity in the genetic pathways that lead to sex differentiation. The silkworm, Bombyx mori, has been cultivated by humans as a beneficial insect for over two millennia, and more recently as a model system for studying lepidopteran genetics and development. Previous studies have identified the B. mori Fem piRNA as the primary female determining factor and BmMasc as its downstream target, while the genetic scenario for male sex determination was still unclear...
January 19, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103122/ptk2-mediated-degradation-of-atg3-impedes-cancer-cells-susceptible-to-dna-damage-treatment
#10
Ke Ma, Wan Fu, Ming Tang, Chaohua Zhang, Tianyun Hou, Ran Li, Xiaopeng Lu, Yanan Wang, Jingyi Zhou, Xue Li, Luyao Zhang, Lina Wang, Ying Zhao, Wei-Guo Zhu
ATG3 (autophagy related 3) is an E2-like enzyme essential for autophagy; however, it is unknown whether it has an autophagy-independent function. Here, we report that ATG3 is a relatively stable protein in unstressed cells, but it is degraded in response to DNA-damaging agents such as etoposide or cisplatin. With mass spectrometry and a mutagenesis assay, phosphorylation of tyrosine 203 of ATG3 was identified to be a critical modification for its degradation, which was further confirmed by manipulating ATG3(Y203E) (phosphorylation mimic) or ATG3(Y203F) (phosphorylation-incompetent) in Atg3 knockout MEFs...
January 19, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103055/the-discovery-and-development-of-the-crispr-system-in-applications-in-genome-manipulation
#11
Veronica Lau, James R Davie
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) associated 9 (Cas9) system is a microbial adaptive immune system that has been recently developed for genomic engineering. From the moment the CRISPR system was discovered in Escherichia coli, the drive to understand the mechanism prevailed, leading to rapid advancement in the knowledge and applications of the CRISPR system. With the ability to characterize and understand the function of the Cas9 endonuclease came the ability to adapt the CRISPR-Cas9 system for use in a variety of applications and disciplines ranging from agriculture to biomedicine...
October 28, 2016: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103011/discovery-of-a-phosphonoacetic-acid-derived-natural-product-by-pathway-refactoring
#12
Todd S Freestone, Kou-San Ju, Bin Wang, Huimin Zhao
The activation of silent natural product gene clusters is a synthetic biology problem of great interest. As the rate at which gene clusters are identified outpaces the discovery rate of new molecules, this unknown chemical space is rapidly growing, as too are the rewards for developing technologies to exploit it. One class of natural products that has been underrepresented is phosphonic acids, which have important medical and agricultural uses. Hundreds of phosphonic acid biosynthetic gene clusters have been identified encoding for unknown molecules...
January 19, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102913/autumn-photosynthetic-decline-and-growth-cessation-in-seedlings-of-white-spruce-are-decoupled-under-warming-and-photoperiod-manipulations
#13
Joseph R Stinziano, Danielle A Way
Climate warming is expected to increase the seasonal duration of photosynthetic carbon fixation and tree growth in high latitude forests. However photoperiod, a crucial cue for seasonality, will remain constant, which may constrain tree responses to warming. We investigated the effects of temperature and photoperiod on weekly changes in photosynthetic capacity, leaf biochemistry and growth in seedlings of a boreal evergreen conifer, white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss). Warming delayed autumn declines in photosynthetic capacity, extending the period when seedlings had high carbon uptake...
January 19, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102754/enhancement-of-antibody-functions-through-fc-multiplications
#14
Qun Wang, Yan Chen, Mark Pelletier, Romana Cvitkovic, Jessica Bonnell, Chien-Ying Chang, Adem C Koksal, Ellen O'Connor, Xizhe Gao, Xiang-Qing Yu, Herren Wu, C Kendall Stover, William F Dall'Acqua, Xiaodong Xiao
Antibodies carry out a plethora of functions through their crystallizable fragment (Fc) regions, which can be naturally tuned by the adoption of several isotypes and post-translational modifications. Protein engineering enables further Fc function modulations through modifications of the interactions between the Fc and its functional partners, including FcγR, FcRn, complement complex, and additions of auxiliary functional units. Due to the many functions embedded within the confinement of an Fc, a suitable balance must be maintained for a therapeutic antibody to be effective and safe...
January 19, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102739/perceptions-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-a-scoping-review
#15
Katie Mah, Andrea Hickling, Nick Reed
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to synthesise the scholarly literature related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and health outcomes in an adult population. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted. Studies were included if (1) they related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury, (2) the population was adults with mild traumatic brain injury, and (3) health outcomes were reported...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102576/printable-functional-chips-based-on-nanoparticle-assembly
#16
REVIEW
Yu Huang, Wenbo Li, Meng Qin, Haihua Zhou, Xingye Zhang, Fengyu Li, Yanlin Song
With facile manufacturability and modifiability, impressive nanoparticles (NPs) assembly applications were performed for functional patterned devices, which have attracted booming research attention due to their increasing applications in high-performance optical/electrical devices for sensing, electronics, displays, and catalysis. By virtue of easy and direct fabrication to desired patterns, high throughput, and low cost, NPs assembly printing is one of the most promising candidates for the manufacturing of functional micro-chips...
January 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102558/concise-reviews-regeneration-in-mammalian-cochlea-hair-cells-help-from-supporting-cells-transdifferentiation
#17
Bénédicte Franco, Brigitte Malgrange
It is commonly assumed that mammalian cochlear cells do not regenerate. Therefore, if hair cells are lost following an injury, no recovery could occur. However, during the first postnatal week, mice harbor some progenitor cells that retain the ability to give rise to new hair cells. These progenitor cells are in fact supporting cells. Upon hair cells loss, those cells are able to generate new hair cells both by direct transdifferentiation or following cell cycle re-entry and differentiation. However, this property of supporting cells is progressively lost after birth...
January 19, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102548/the-shade-avoidance-syndrome-multiple-signals-and-ecological-consequences
#18
REVIEW
Carlos L Ballaré, Ronald Pierik
Plants use photoreceptor proteins to detect the proximity of other plants and to activate adaptive responses. Of these photoreceptors, phytochrome B (phyB), which is sensitive to changes in the red (R) to far-red (FR) ratio of sunlight, is the one that has been studied in greatest detail. The molecular connections between the proximity signal (low R:FR) and a model physiological response (increased elongation growth) have now been mapped in considerable detail in Arabidopsis seedlings. We briefly review our current understanding of these connections, and discuss recent progress in establishing the roles of other photoreceptors in regulating growth-related pathways in response to competition cues...
January 19, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102493/a-meta-analysis-of-working-memory-impairments-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Ya Wang, Yi-Bing Zhang, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Jing Wang, David H K Shum, Therese van Amelsvoort, Raymond C K Chan
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by executive dysfunction, and working memory (WM) comprises one core component of executive function. Many studies have investigated WM impairments in individuals with ASD, however, a conclusive agreement has not been reached. The present study provided a meta-analytic review of WM impairments in individuals with ASD and evaluated potential moderating variables of this problem. Twenty-eight studies were included in this study, and the participants comprised 819 individuals with ASD and 875 healthy controls...
January 19, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102478/influence-of-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-atrial-fibrillation
#20
REVIEW
Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva
BACKGROUND: Inflammation markers have been associated with cardiovascular diseases including atrial fibrillation. This arrhythmia is the most frequent, with an incidence of 38/1000 person-years. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aims of this study are to discuss the association between inflammation, atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation and its clinical implications. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and inflammation is a triggering factor of atherosclerotic plaque rupture...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
keyword
keyword
102510
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"