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multivitamins and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707798/exposure-hazard-and-survival-analysis-of-diffusion-on-social-networks
#1
Jiacheng Wu, Forrest W Crawford, David A Kim, Derek Stafford, Nicholas A Christakis
Sociologists, economists, epidemiologists, and others recognize the importance of social networks in the diffusion of ideas and behaviors through human societies. To measure the flow of information on real-world networks, researchers often conduct comprehensive sociometric mapping of social links between individuals and then follow the spread of an "innovation" from reports of adoption or change in behavior over time. The innovation is introduced to a small number of individuals who may also be encouraged to spread it to their network contacts...
April 29, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669219/biotin-and-pantothenic-acid-over-supplementation-to-conditional-slc5a6-ko-mice-prevents-the-development-of-intestinal-mucosal-abnormalities-and-growth-defects
#2
Subrata Sabui, Rubina Kapadia, Abhisek Ghosal, Michael Schneider, Nils Lambrecht, Hamid M Said
Intestinal absorption of the water-soluble vitamins, biotin and pantothenic acid is carrier-mediated and involves the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT; product of the SLC5A6 gene). We recently observed that intestinal-specific (conditional) knockout of the mouse Slc5a6 gene (SMVT-cKO) is associated with growth retardation, the development of spontaneous and severe inflammation, abnormal histology in the large intestine, altered gut permeability, and early death. Our aim in this study was to examine the possibility that biotin and pantothenic acid over-supplementation (BPS) of the SMVT-cKO mice could reverse the above-described abnormalities...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605475/evaluation-of-reported-contents-in-prescription-and-over-the-counter-prenatal-multivitamins
#3
Kelsey DeSalvo, Carol A Stamm, Laura M Borgelt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reported amount of 14 vitamins and 10 minerals in over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription (Rx) prenatal multivitamins and minerals (PMVMs) and compare them to the Health and Medicine Division (HMD) of the National Academies recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) and tolerable upper intake levels for intake. DESIGN: Observational convenience sample of supplemental facts labels on OTC and Rx PMVMs identified and evaluated from online retailers, grocery stores, and pharmacies...
March 28, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587423/iodine-and-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study-focusing-on-dietary-guidance-and-information
#4
Maria Bouga, Michael E J Lean, Emilie Combet
Iodine is essential for thyroid hormones synthesis and normal neurodevelopment; however, ~60% of pregnant women do not meet the WHO (World Health Organization) recommended intake. Using a qualitative design, we explored the perceptions, awareness, and experiences of pregnancy nutrition, focusing on iodine. Women in the perinatal period ( n = 48) were interviewed and filled in a food frequency questionnaire for iodine. Almost all participants achieved the recommended 150 μg/day intake for non-pregnant adults (99%), but only 81% met the increased demands of pregnancy (250 μg/day)...
March 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582403/medications-and-prescribing-patterns-as-factors-associated-with-hospitalizations-from-long-term-care-facilities-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kate N Wang, J Simon Bell, Esa Y H Chen, Julia F M Gilmartin-Thomas, Jenni Ilomäki
BACKGROUND: Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at high risk of hospitalization. Medications are a potentially modifiable risk factor for hospitalizations. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review the association between medications or prescribing patterns and hospitalizations from LTCFs. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) from inception to August 2017 for longitudinal studies reporting associations between medications or prescribing patterns and hospitalizations...
March 26, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573851/the-use-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplements-a-modified-delphi-consensus-panel-report
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Hellas Cena, Susan I Barr, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Ricardo Uauy Dagach, Brendan Delaney, Balz Frei, Manuel Ignacio Moreno González, Nahla Hwalla, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter, Helene McNulty, Jolieke C van der Pols, Pattanee Winichagoon, Duo Li
PURPOSE: Evidence supporting the use of dietary supplements, in particular, multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS), has been mixed, complicating the ability of health care professionals to recommend their use. To clarify the role that MVMS can play in supporting human health, a series of consensus statements was developed based on expert opinion. METHODS: A panel of 14 international experts in nutritional science and health care was convened to develop consensus statements related to using MVMS in supporting optimal human health...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560163/effectiveness-of-supplementary-blended-flour-based-on-chickpea-and-cereals-for-the-treatment-of-infants-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition-in-iran-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Roghayeh Javan, Akram Kooshki, Monavvar Afzalaghaee, Mitra Aldaghi, Mahdi Yousefi
Background: Despite the decreasing rate of under nutrition children in recent years overall, the negative affect in growth and development make it as a main concern in the world. Applying an available and appropriate supplementary food is a major approach in treating children with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM). Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a new supplementary blended flour (containing chickpea, rice, wheat and barley, named Shadameen) in combination with multivitamin/mineral supplement and nutritional counseling versus multivitamin/mineral supplement and nutritional counseling alone, in the treatment of children with MAM...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535236/delivering-interconception-care-during-well-child-visits-an-implicit-network-study
#8
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470410/the-evolving-role-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplement-use-among-adults-in-the-age-of-personalized-nutrition
#9
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415674/observations-on-the-health-of-infants-at-a-time-of-rapid-societal-change-a-longitudinal-study-from-birth-to-fifteen-months-in-abu-dhabi
#10
Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S Gardner, Donna Geddes
BACKGROUND: Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the general health of Emirati infants born in a government maternity hospital in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in October 2002. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five women, who had recently given birth, were interviewed as part of a larger study encompassing a wide range of cultural, social, and behavioural aspects of health...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370120/effects-of-multivitamin-multimineral-and-phytonutrient-supplementation-on-nutrient-status-and-biomarkers-of-heart-health-risk-in-a-russian-population-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Vasily A Isakov, Alexandra A Bogdanova, Vladimir V Bessonov, Tatiana B Sentsova, Victor A Tutelyan, Yumei Lin, Valentina Kazlova, Jina Hong, Rodney A Velliquette
The primary objective of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of a dietary multivitamin, multimineral and phytonutrient (VMP) supplement on blood nutrient status and biomarkers of heart health risk in a Russian population. One hundred twenty healthy adults (40-70 years) were recruited for a 56-day (eight-week) randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study with parallel design. Subjects were divided into two groups and received either a VMP or a placebo (PLA) supplement. Blood nutrient levels of β-carotene, α-tocopherol, vitamin C, B6, B12, red blood cell (RBC) folate, Zinc and Selenium were measured at baseline and on Days 28 and 56, and quercetin was measured at baseline and on Day 56...
January 25, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368422/clinical-vitamin-response-to-a-short-term-multi-micronutrient-intervention-in-brazilian-children-teens-from-population-data-to-inter-individual-responses
#12
Mariana Giaretta Mathias, Carolina de Almeida Coelho-Landell, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer, Sébastien Lacroix, Melissa J Morine, Roberta Garcia Salomão, Roseli Borges Donegá Toffano, Maria Olímpia Ribeiro do Vale Almada, Joyce Moraes Camarneiro, Elaine Hillesheim, Tamiris Trevisan de Barros, José Simon Camelo-Junior, Esther Campos Giménez, Karine Meisser, Alexandre Goyon, Emmanuelle Bertschy, Antoine Lévêques, Jean-Marie Oberson, Catherine Giménez, Jerome Carayol, Martin Kussmann, Patrick Descombes, Slyviane Métairon, Colleen Fogarty Draper, Nelly Conus, Sara Colombo Mottaz, Giovanna Zambianchi Corsini, Stephanie Kazu Brandão Myoshi, Mariana Mendes Muniz, Lívia Cristina Hernandes, Vinícius Paula Venâncio, Lusania Maria Greggi Antunes, Rosana Queiroz da Silva, Taís Fontellas Laurito, Isabela Ribeiro Rossi, Raquel Ricci, Jéssica Ré Jorge, Mayara Leite Fagá, Driele Cristina Gomes Quinhoneiro, Mariana Chinarelli Reche, Paula Vitória Sozza Silva, Letícia Lima Falquetti, Thaís Helena Alves da Cunha, Thalia Manfrin Martins Deminice, Tâmara Hambúrguer Tambellini, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Mariana Moraes de Oliveira, Vicky Nogueira-Pileggi, Marina Takemoto Matsumoto, Corrado Priami, Jim Kaput, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro
SCOPE: Micronutrients are in small amounts in foods, act in concert, and require variable amounts of time to see changes in health and risk for disease. These first principles were incorporated into an intervention study designed to develop new experimental strategies for setting target recommendations for food bioactives for populations and individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 6-week multivitamin/mineral intervention was conducted in 9 to 13 year olds. Participants (136) were (i) their own control (n-of-1), (ii) monitored for compliance, (iii) measured for 36 circulating vitamin forms, 30 clinical, anthropometric, and food intake parameters at baseline, post intervention, and following a 6-week washout, and (iv) had their ancestry accounted for as modifier of vitamin baseline or response...
January 24, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#13
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#14
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#15
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246348/effectiveness-of-a-pediatric-primary-care-intervention-to-increase-maternal-folate-use-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nymisha Chilukuri, Tina L Cheng, Kevin J Psoter, Kamila B Mistry, Katherine A Connor, Daniel J Levy, Krishna K Upadhya
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of provision of folate vitamins and a preconception health intervention on folate use among mothers bringing infants to pediatric primary care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in mothers presenting with their infants (<12 months) at 4 urban pediatric practices in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area. There were 45 clinicians randomized into an intervention group (15-item preconception health screening and counseling and 90-day multivitamin supply) and control group (preconception health and community resource handouts and 90-day multivitamin supply)...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222066/large-scale-randomized-clinical-trials-of-bioactives-and-nutrients-in-relation-to-human-health-and-disease-prevention-lessons-from-the-vital-and-cosmos-trials
#17
REVIEW
Susanne Rautiainen, Howard D Sesso, JoAnn E Manson
Several bioactive compounds and nutrients in foods have physiological properties that are beneficial for human health. While nutrients typically have clear definitions with established levels of recommended intakes, bioactive compounds often lack such a definition. Although a food-based approach is often the optimal approach to ensure adequate intake of bioactives and nutrients, these components are also often produced as dietary supplements. However, many of these supplements are not sufficiently studied and have an unclear role in chronic disease prevention...
December 29, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172285/body-mass-index-and-breast-cancer-risk-among-thai-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#18
Wisit Chaveepojnkamjorn, Rungsinoppadol Thotong, Pratana Sativipawee, Supachai Pitikultang
Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading malignancy in women with high incidence and mortality worldwide. Obesity is one of several established risk factors for chronic diseases including cancer. The objective of this research was to determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with BC among Thai premenopausal women (TPW). Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted among TPW attending the National Cancer Institute in Bangkok, with 257 cases and 257 controls in 2013-2014. Cases and controls were matched by age (± 5 years), residential area and duration of attending...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159790/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-pregnancy-a-survey-of-compliance-with-recommendations
#19
C M Windrim, D A Crosby, K Mitchell, C Brophy, R Mahony, M Higgins
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy has important maternal and fetal implications, with increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm birth and small for gestational age birthweight. It is recommended that every pregnant woman should take 5 μg (200 IU) of vitamin D per day during pregnancy and lactation. AIMS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of women taking vitamin D supplementation and to identify the reasons for patients not taking supplementation within women attending an antenatal clinic in Dublin...
November 20, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154065/does-nurses-role-health-or-symptoms-influence-their-personal-use-of-ingestible-complementary-and-alternative-medicines
#20
Sofia Dimitrelis, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Rachel Nicholls, Xiaoyue Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of work-related characteristics, health, health behaviours and symptoms on ingestible biologically-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use within the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce. BACKGROUND: CAM use is widespread worldwide, but there is little research into nurses' and midwives' personal use of ingestible CAM in Australia. METHODS: An online survey in 2014-15 used validated instruments and items to examine use of ingestible biologically-based CAM (herbs, foods and vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and other supplements), and the health and work-related characteristics of 5041 nurses and midwives recruited through the New South Wales Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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