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multivitamins and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159790/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-pregnancy-a-survey-of-compliance-with-recommendations
#1
C M Windrim, D A Crosby, K Mitchell, C Brophy, R Mahony, M Higgins
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy has important maternal and fetal implications, with increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm birth and small for gestational age birthweight. It is recommended that every pregnant woman should take 5 μg (200 IU) of vitamin D per day during pregnancy and lactation. AIMS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of women taking vitamin D supplementation and to identify the reasons for patients not taking supplementation within women attending an antenatal clinic in Dublin...
November 20, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154065/does-nurses-role-health-or-symptoms-influence-their-personal-use-of-ingestible-complementary-and-alternative-medicines
#2
Sofia Dimitrelis, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Rachel Nicholls, Xiaoyue Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of work-related characteristics, health, health behaviours and symptoms on ingestible biologically-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use within the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce. BACKGROUND: CAM use is widespread worldwide, but there is little research into nurses' and midwives' personal use of ingestible CAM in Australia. METHODS: An online survey in 2014-15 used validated instruments and items to examine use of ingestible biologically-based CAM (herbs, foods and vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and other supplements), and the health and work-related characteristics of 5041 nurses and midwives recruited through the New South Wales Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140146/awareness-and-attitude-towards-use-of-dietary-supplements-and-the-perceived-outcomes-among-saudi-adult-male-members-of-fitness-centers-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Hanan A Alfawaz, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Latifah Al-Faifi, Halima Ali Bin Atta, Mohammad Al-Shayaa, Saad A Alghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
Dietary supplements are believed to enhance athletic performance and/or prevent/reverse pathological states. Despite the increasing use of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia, systematic studies in this field are lacking. This study aims to assess the relation between demographic and social characteristics and dietary supplement use among adult males in Saudi Arabia. Demographic and dietary supplements data from fitness club participants were collected through a questionnaire and Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine associations...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#5
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125540/is-high-folic-acid-intake-a-risk-factor-for-autism-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Darrell Wiens, M Catherine DeSoto
Folate is required for metabolic processes and neural development. Insuring its adequate levels for pregnant women through supplementation of grain-based foods with synthetic folic acid (FA) in order to prevent neural tube defects has been an ongoing public health initiative. However, because women are advised to take multivitamins containing FA before and throughout pregnancy, the supplementation together with natural dietary folates has led to a demographic with high and rising serum levels of unmetabolized FA...
November 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096279/preconception-lifestyle-changes-in-women-with-planned-pregnancies
#7
Joline Goossens, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke, Ilse Delbaere, Sofie Verhaeghe
OBJECTIVES: (1) to study preconception lifestyle changes and associated factors in women with planned pregnancies; (2) to assess the prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in women not reporting any preconception lifestyle changes; and (3) to explore the need for and use of preconception-related advice. DESIGN: secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional study about pregnancy planning. SETTING: six Flemish Hospitals (Belgium)...
October 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065492/the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-dietary-supplement-use-in-the-australian-population
#8
Stacey K O'Brien, Eva Malacova, Jill L Sherriff, Lucinda J Black
Current dietary supplement use in Australia is not well described. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of supplement use in the Australian population (n = 19,257) using data from the 2014-2015 National Health Survey. We reported the prevalence of supplement use by sex and age group and investigated the independent predictors of supplement use in adults, adolescents, and children using multiple logistic regression models. A total of 43.2% of adults (34.9% of males, 50.3% of females), 20.1% of adolescents (19...
October 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936049/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dry-eye-symptoms-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#9
Abdulaziz A Alshamrani, Abdulwahab S Almousa, Abdulrahman A Almulhim, Abdullah A Alafaleq, Mohammed B Alosaimi, Abdulrahman M Alqahtani, Ammar M Almulhem, Mohammed A Alshamrani, Ahmad H Alhallafi, Ismail Z Alqahtani, Abdullah A Alshehri
BACKGROUND: The information about dry eye epidemiology in Saudi Arabia is few in literature. PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of dry eye symptoms (DES) in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Using a multi-stage proportionate sampling technique, Saudis of both genders from 6 urban and 4 rural Primary Health Care centers in Al-Ahsa were enrolled. They were interviewed to gather data on sociodemography, symptoms of dry eye, factors potentially related to dry eye, and chronic comorbidities...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877853/vitamins-supplementation-affects-the-onset-of-preeclampsia
#10
REVIEW
Zhu-Mei Fu, Zhen-Zhi Ma, Guo-Jie Liu, Lan-Ling Wang, Yong Guo
Preeclampsia may affect between 2-8% of all pregnancies. It seriously affects maternal health after pregnancy. This meta-analysis was performed to define the efficacy of vitamins supplementation on the risk of preeclampsia. Potential articles were systematically searched on the databases of Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science up to May 2016. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were used to analyze the relationship of vitamins supplementation with risk of preeclampsia. Cochran Q test was used to test inter-study heterogeneity...
September 3, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875865/predictors-and-correlates-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-young-women-results-from-the-safe-d-study
#11
Emma T Callegari, Suzanne M Garland, Alexandra Gorelik, Nicola J Reavley, John D Wark
Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health concern. Studies of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) determinants in young women are limited and few include objective covariates. Our aims were to define the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and examine serum 25(OH)D correlates in an exploratory study of women aged 16-25 years. We studied 348 healthy females living in Victoria, Australia, recruited through Facebook. Data collected included serum 25(OH)D assayed by liquid chromatography-tandem MS, relevant serum biochemistry, soft tissue composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, skin melanin density, Fitzpatrick skin type, sun exposure using UV dosimeters and lifestyle factors...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855421/dietary-supplement-use-was-very-high-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-in-2011-2014
#12
Jaime J Gahche, Regan L Bailey, Nancy Potischman, Johanna T Dwyer
Background: Dietary supplements (DSs) have the potential to be both beneficial and harmful to health, especially in adults aged ≥60 y, and therefore it is important to monitor the patterns of their use.Objective: This study evaluated DS use by adults aged ≥60 y to characterize the use of DSs, determine the motivations for use, and examine the associations between the use of DSs and selected demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics.Methods: Data from 3469 older adults aged ≥60 y from the 2011-2014 NHANES were analyzed...
October 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854656/attempt-to-develop-cost-effective-rearing-of-amblyseius-swirskii-acari-phytoseiidae-assessment-of-different-artificial-diets
#13
Elham Riahi, Yaghoub Fathipour, Ali Asghar Talebi, Mohammad Mehrabadi
Commercial production of Amblyseius swirskii Athias-Henriot based on storage mites needs both space and labor to maintain large cultures of these prey, and also may lead to health problems for workers. Therefore, the accessibility of a suitable artificial diet could eliminate the mentioned problems; however, the artificial diets must support the persistent production of high quality progeny. This study endeavored to find a more easily available and cheaper nutrient that may further reduce the cost of diet production for A...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844212/a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-patients-with-coagulation-disorders-in-southern-iran
#14
Mohammadreza Bordbar, Mehdi Pasalar, Rezvan Aresehiri, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Soheila Zareifar, Fatemeh Amirmoezi
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has an increasing trend around the world. Despite the wild application of CAM in patients with coagulation disorders, its efficacy is still questioned by many studies. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and types of CAM usage, and the factors affecting CAM use among patients with bleeding disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated the usage of CAM with a standard validated questionnaire in coagulopathic patients who were referred to Dastgheib Hospital, an educational therapeutic center affiliated to the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766735/relationship-between-tooth-loss-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-women
#15
Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Kenneth J Mukamal, Jennifer K Pai, Walter Willett, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: We assessed the longitudinal association between tooth loss and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) within the Nurses' Health Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After excluding participants with prior cardiovascular diseases, 277 of 79,663 women were confirmed as PAD cases during 16 years of follow-up. Number of teeth and recent tooth loss were reported initially in 1992. Subsequent tooth loss was recorded in 1996 and in 2000. We evaluated the associations of baseline number of teeth and recent tooth loss with risk of PAD, adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, aspirin use, family history of myocardial infarction, BMI, alcohol consumption, physical activity, postmenopausal hormone use, and use of vitamin E, vitamin D, multivitamin and calcium...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758316/multivitamin-use-and-risk-of-stroke-incidence-and-mortality-amongst-women
#16
S N Adebamowo, D Feskanich, M Stampfer, K Rexrode, W C Willett
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the association between multivitamin use and the risk of stroke incidence and mortality, and the results remain inconclusive as to whether multivitamins are beneficial. METHODS: The associations between multivitamin use and the risk of incident stroke and stroke mortality were prospectively examined in 86 142 women in the Nurses' Health Study, aged 34-59 years and free of diagnosed cardiovascular disease at baseline...
October 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735828/investigation-of-dietary-supplements-prevalence-as-complementary-therapy-comparison-between-hospitalized-psoriasis-patients-and-non-psoriasis-patients-correlation-with-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hadis Yousefzadeh, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Mahnaz Banihashemi, Maryam Rastin, Farahzad Jabbari Azad
OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730384/verifying-identities-of-plant-based-multivitamins-using-phytochemical-fingerprinting-in-combination-with-multiple-bioassays
#18
Yeni Lim, Yoon Hee Ahn, Jae Keun Yoo, Kyoung Sik Park, Oran Kwon
Sales of multivitamins have been growing rapidly and the concept of natural multivitamin, plant-based multivitamin, or both has been introduced in the market, leading consumers to anticipate additional health benefits from phytochemicals that accompany the vitamins. However, the lack of labeling requirements might lead to fraudulent claims. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop a strategy to verify identity of plant-based multivitamins. Phytochemical fingerprinting was used to discriminate identities...
September 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692411/evaluation-of-the-health-benefits-of-a-multivitamin-multimineral-herbal-essential-oil-infused-supplement-a-pilot-trial
#19
Xuesheng Han, Dennis L Eggett, Tory L Parker
This study was designed to quantitatively evaluate the health benefits of a multivitamin, multimineral, herbal, essential oil-infused supplement using serum biomarkers. We also qualitatively evaluated the health effects of this supplement using a survey. Sixteen participants were recruited to take the supplement as directed for two months. The levels of the following serum components were measured in the participants: total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoprotein(a), LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio, total/HDL cholesterol ratio, ferritin, fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, insulin, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, free androgen index, red blood cell magnesium, homocysteine, coenzyme Q10, lipid peroxides, alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, cardiovascular index, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), arachidonic acid (AA), and the AA/EPA ratio...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683577/social-support-for-changing-multiple-behaviors-factors-associated-with-seeking-support-and-the-impact-of-offered-support
#20
Mary L Greaney, Elaine Puleo, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Jess Haines, Serena C Houghton, Karen M Emmons
INTRODUCTION: Social support is important for behavior change, and it may be particularly important for the complexities of changing multiple risk behaviors (MRB). Research is needed to determine if participants in an MRB intervention can be encouraged to activate their social network to aid their change efforts. METHODS: Healthy Directions 2, a cluster-randomized controlled trial of an intervention conducted in two urban health centers, targeted five behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, red meat consumption, multivitamin use, and smoking)...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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