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multivitamins and health

Maryam Farooqui, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Aishah Knight Abdul Shatar, Muhammad Aslam Farooqui, Fahad Saleem, Noman Ul Haq, Che Noriah Othman
The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM; bǔ chōng yǔ tì dài yī xué) has been rapidly increasing among cancer patients. However, this pervasiveness is still largely unexplored among Malaysian cancer patients. The current study aimed to evaluate the patterns of CAM use among cancer patients from a local hospital in Malaysia. In addition, the study focused on the information-seeking behavior and CAM use disclosure to doctors. Of 393 patients, 184 (46.1%) had used CAM for their cancers. CAM usage was significantly associated with gender (p = 0...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Adèle Coriati, Évelyne Labrèche, Marjolaine Mailhot, Hortensia Mircescu, Yves Berthiaume, Annick Lavoie, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vitamin D (Vit D) deficiency in cystic fibrosis (CF) is partially secondary to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Our aim was to establish a Vit D3 supplementation protocol that will increase 25(OH)D to the recommended level (30 ng/mL). METHODS: Retrospective study of 200 patients (≥18 years) conducted from February 2007 to June 2014 at the CF clinic of the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal. Vit D3 supplementation protocol was 1600 IU/day or 10,000 IU/week during the summer (May 1st to October 31st) and 3200 IU/day or 20,000 IU/week during the winter (November 1st to April 30th), in addition to the 1200 IU/day included in multivitamins...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Corey H Basch, Jennifer Mongiovi, Alyssa Berdnik, Charles E Basch
Background: Use of multivitamin/multimineral (MVM) and other dietary supplements is common among American adults. The purpose of this study was to describe the source and content of the most widely viewed YouTube videos associated with MVM supplements. Methods: Videos were filtered by number of views and the source of the video upload was recorded. A comparison of video characteristics and differences in video content was conducted. Results: Cumulatively, the videos in this sample were viewed 25 573 055 times...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Elizabeth D Kantor, Colin D Rehm, Mengmeng Du, Emily White, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Dietary supplements are commonly used by US adults; yet, little is known about recent trends in supplement use. Objective: To report trends in dietary supplement use among US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: Serial cross-sectional study using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collected between 1999 and 2012. Participants include noninstitutionalized adults residing in the United States, surveyed over 7 continuous 2-year cycles (sample size per cycle, 4863 to 6213)...
October 11, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Jefry Alberto Vargas Cabral, Gabriela Pereira de Souza, Juliana de Almeida Nascimento, Luis Fernando Simoneti, Carolina Marchese, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective tool in the control and treatment of severe obesity, but patients undergoing this procedure are at increased risk of developing nutritional deficiencies by limiting the intake and absorption of many nutrients. Objective: To assess the impact of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in bone in patients after gastric bypass in Roux-en-Y, pointing directly at the type of administration, doses and effects after surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Lalani L Munasinghe, Yan Yuan, Erin L Faught, Noreen D Willows, Paul J Veugelers
Supplement users have better vitamin D status, and parenting is key to promoting a child's healthy behaviours. We examined the association of parental encouragement of and caring about healthy lifestyles with children's use of vitamin D supplements and multivitamins. A provincially representative sample of grade 5 students (n = 2686; 10-11 years) and their parents across the province of Alberta, Canada, was surveyed in 2014. Students were asked about use of multivitamins and/or vitamin D supplements. Parents were asked whether they cared about and encouraged healthy lifestyles...
2016: Nutrients
Ubaka Ogbogu, Candace Necyk
BACKGROUND: Reports of regulatory and evidentiary gaps have raised concerns about the marketing and use of natural health products (NHPs). The majority of NHPs offered for sale are purchased at a community pharmacy and pharmacists are "front-line" health professionals involved in the marketing and provision of NHPs. To date, the involvement of pharmacists in pharmacy care involving NHPs and the degree to which concerns over the safety, efficacy, marketing and regulation of NHPs are addressed in pharmacy care in Canada have not been studied...
2016: PloS One
Ramesh Devkota, G M Khan, Kadir Alam, Amisha Regmi, Binaya Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Drugs used during pregnancy can adversely affect the health and life of the mother and unborn child. However, the fact that drugs are needed to mitigate complications during pregnancy cannot be avoided. The present study was designed to identify the common complications during pregnancy and assess the medications that have been used to mitigate those complications in an attempt to improve drug prescribing during pregnancy. METHODS: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal in 275 pregnant women presenting with at least one complication and the drugs prescribed for the management of those complications were analyzed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de Freitas, Luciana Moreira Lima, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Bruno David Henriques, Carla Fernanda Lisboa Valente Carlos, Jusceli Souza Nogueira Sabino, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze adherence to the recommended iron, zinc and multivitamin supplementation guidelines for preemies, the factors associated with this adherence, and the influence of adherence on the occurrence of anemia and iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed 58 preemies born in 2014 until they reached six months corrected age. The preemies were followed at a referral secondary health service and represented 63...
August 2016: Clinics
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Sari Tal, Felicia Stern, Zeev Polyak, Ina Ichelzon, Yosef Dror
The dependent elderly are widely considered to be at higher risk of nutritional problems. Suboptimal micronutrient intake might put the elderly, especially those living in nursing homes, at high risk of morbidity. So far, no public authority, except for the Israel Ministry of Health, has issued particular recommendations for micronutrient supplementation for the elderly. We hypothesized that moderate 'multivitamin' supplementation could improve the vitamin status of the dependent elderly. The study took place in two nursing homes and included 144 dependent elderly (males/females, 35/109)...
November 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Floris C Wardenaar, Ingrid Jm Ceelen, Jan-Willem Van Dijk, Roland Wj Hangelbroek, Lore Van Roy, Britte Van der Pouw, Jeanne Hm De Vries, Marco Mensink, Renger F Witkamp
The use of nutritional supplements is highly prevalent among athletes. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the prevalence of nutritional supplement use by a large group of Dutch competitive athletes in relation to dietary counselling. A total of 778 athletes (407 males and 371 females) completed a web-based questionnaire about the use of nutritional supplements. Log-binomial regression models were applied to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) for the use of individual nutritional supplements in athletes receiving dietary counselling as compared to athletes not receiving dietary counselling...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Shiliang Liu, K S Joseph, Wei Luo, Juan Andrés León, Sarka Lisonkova, Michiel Van den Hof, Jane Evans, Ken Lim, Julian Little, Reg Sauve, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have yielded inconsistent results for the effects of periconceptional multivitamins containing folic acid and of folic acid food fortification on congenital heart defects (CHDs). METHODS: We carried out a population-based cohort study (N=5 901 701) of all live births and stillbirths (including late-pregnancy terminations) delivered at ≥20 weeks' gestation in Canada (except Québec and Manitoba) from 1990 to 2011. CHD cases were diagnosed at birth and in infancy (n=72 591)...
August 30, 2016: Circulation
Adejoke B Ayoola, Krista Sneller, Tega D Ebeye, Megan Jongekrijg Dykstra, Victoria L Ellens, HaEun Grace Lee, Gail L Zandee
PURPOSE: Preconception behaviors have a significant impact on birth outcomes, particularly among low-income minority groups, and women with unplanned pregnancies. This study examined women's perceived health status and behaviors such as drinking, smoking, exercise, and use of multivitamins and folic acid. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a descriptive study based on a convenience sample of women living in urban underserved neighborhoods. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted using STATA 13...
September 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Yana Richens
Research published last month states that pregnancy multivitamins do not contribute anything towards boosting the health of mothers and babies.
August 10, 2016: Nursing Standard
Krista G Austin, Lori Lyn Price, Susan M McGraw, Guy Leahy, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement (DS) use is common among U.S. Army personnel to purportedly improve health, provide energy, and increase strength. However, a comprehensive analysis of DS use among U.S. Air Force (USAF) personnel has not been conducted using the same survey instrument, which would permit direct comparisons to DS use by Army personnel. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was used to assess DS use, demographic factors, and reasons for use of DS by USAF personnel (N = 1750)...
July 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Saba W Masho, Amani Bassyouni, Susan Cha
BACKGROUND: Although adequate folic acid or multivitamins can prevent up to 70 % of neural tube defects, the majority of U.S. non-pregnant women of childbearing age do not use multivitamins every day. Factors influencing consistent multivitamin use are not fully explored. This study aims to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and multivitamin use before pregnancy using a large, nationally representative sample of women with recent live births. METHODS: The national 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data were analyzed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Judy R Rees, Leila A Mott, Elizabeth L Barry, John A Baron, Jane C Figueiredo, Douglas J Robertson, Robert S Bresalier, Janet L Peacock
BACKGROUND: Early identification of participants at risk of run-in failure (RIF) may present opportunities to improve trial efficiency and generalizability. METHODS: We conducted a partial factorial-design, randomized, controlled trial of calcium and vitamin D to prevent colorectal adenoma recurrence at 11 centers in the United States. At baseline, participants completed two self-administered questionnaires (SAQs) and a questionnaire administered by staff. Participants in the full factorial randomization (calcium, vitamin D, both, or neither) received a placebo during a 3-month single-blinded run-in; women electing to take calcium enrolled in a two-group randomization (calcium with vitamin D, or calcium alone) and received calcium during the run-in...
2016: Trials
Laura Abadia, Audrey J Gaskins, Yu-Han Chiu, Paige L Williams, Myra Keller, Diane L Wright, Irene Souter, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency impairs fertility in animal models, but the role of vitamin D in human fertility or treatment of infertility is less clear. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and the outcome in women undergoing assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs). DESIGN: We randomly selected 100 women undergoing infertility treatment with ART enrolled in an ongoing prospective cohort study who underwent 168 treatment cycles...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Roxana Torres, Augusto Elias, Milagros C Rosal, Cristina Palacios
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients are critical for healthy growth and development of children. Micro-nutrient intake from dietary sources is inadequate among some children and may be improved by use of multivitamin and multimineral (MVMM) supplements. OBJECTIVE: To assess micronutrient intake from dietary and MVMM supplement sources among 12-year-old children in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A representative sample of 732 children enrolled in an oral health study in Puerto Rico, who completed dietary and MVMM assessments through one 24-h recall, were included in this analysis...
July 20, 2016: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
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