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multivitamins and mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757885/maximizing-your-nutrition-minute-bridging-nutritional-gaps-across-the-life-span
#1
Wendy L Wright, Kathleen M Zelman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poor diet quality has been associated with increased mortality and an increased risk of chronic disease. Given the shortfalls in the typical American diet and the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic disease among US adults, the need for nutrition education is paramount. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well placed to provide basic nutrition counseling but often face challenges to making this a reality. In a typical office visit, the time available to discuss diet and nutrition can be as little as one minute or less...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567058/increased-circulating-magnesium-concentrations-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Arvo Haenni, Inger Nilsen, Hans-Erik Johansson
BACKGROUND: Low circulating magnesium concentrations predict cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Epidemiologic and clinical studies have indicated lower extra- and intracellular magnesium concentrations in patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe alterations, if any, in circulating magnesium concentrations after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB) in patients with obesity and T2D. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of obesity and central hospital...
February 6, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535236/delivering-interconception-care-during-well-child-visits-an-implicit-network-study
#3
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367732/associations-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-body-composition-and-metabolic-profiles-in-young-women
#4
Marjan Tabesh, Emma T Callegari, Alexandra Gorelik, Suzanne M Garland, Alison Nankervis, Asvini K Subasinghe, John D Wark
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity globally. Results from previous studies are inconsistent and it remains unclear whether low-serum 25 OHD levels are associated with an increased risk of CVD. These associations have been little studied in young women. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between serum 25 OHD and obesity, body composition, metabolic profiles and blood pressure in young women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women aged 16-25 years living in Victoria, Australia, were recruited through Facebook advertising in this cross-sectional study...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#5
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224648/effect-of-high-dose-oral-multivitamins-and-minerals-in-participants-not-treated-with-statins-in-the-randomized-trial-to-assess-chelation-therapy-tact
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Omar M Issa, Rhonda Roberts, Daniel B Mark, Robin Boineau, Christine Goertz, Yves Rosenberg, Eldrin F Lewis, Erminia Guarneri, Jeanne Drisko, Allan Magaziner, Kerry L Lee, Gervasio A Lamas
IMPORTANCE: In a prespecified subgroup analysis of participants not on statin therapy at baseline in the TACT, a high-dose complex oral multivitamins and multimineral regimen was found to have a large unexpected benefit compared with placebo. The regimen tested was substantially different from any vitamin regimen tested in prior clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: To explore these results, we performed detailed additional analyses of participants not on statins at enrollment in TACT...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172285/body-mass-index-and-breast-cancer-risk-among-thai-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#7
Wisit Chaveepojnkamjorn, Rungsinoppadol Thotong, Pratana Sativipawee, Supachai Pitikultang
Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading malignancy in women with high incidence and mortality worldwide. Obesity is one of several established risk factors for chronic diseases including cancer. The objective of this research was to determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with BC among Thai premenopausal women (TPW). Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted among TPW attending the National Cancer Institute in Bangkok, with 257 cases and 257 controls in 2013-2014. Cases and controls were matched by age (± 5 years), residential area and duration of attending...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877128/antioxidant-and-trace-element-supplementation-reduce-the-inflammatory-response-in-critically-ill-burn-patients
#8
Sarah Rehou, Shahriar Shahrokhi, Rimona Natanson, Mile Stanojcic, Marc G Jeschke
Oxidative stress after burn injury induces inflammatory and hypermetabolic responses associated with adverse outcomes. We propose that antioxidant and trace element supplementation may reduce oxidative stress and subsequently alleviate inflammation and hypermetabolism, thus improving clinical outcomes. We conducted a cohort study of adult patients with an acute burn injury admitted to our provincial burn center. Patients in the antioxidant group received an intravenous infusion of multivitamins and trace elements for the first 14 days after admission...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758316/multivitamin-use-and-risk-of-stroke-incidence-and-mortality-amongst-women
#9
S N Adebamowo, D Feskanich, M Stampfer, K Rexrode, W C Willett
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the association between multivitamin use and the risk of stroke incidence and mortality, and the results remain inconclusive as to whether multivitamins are beneficial. METHODS: The associations between multivitamin use and the risk of incident stroke and stroke mortality were prospectively examined in 86 142 women in the Nurses' Health Study, aged 34-59 years and free of diagnosed cardiovascular disease at baseline...
October 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606218/dietary-supplement-use-in-the-older-population-of-iceland-and-association-with-mortality
#10
Birta Ólafsdóttir, Ingibjörg Gunnarsdóttir, Hjálmfríður Nikulásdóttir, Guðný Eiríksdóttir, Tamara B Harris, Lenore J Launer, Vilmundur Guðnason, Thórhallur I Halldórsson, Kristjana Einarsdóttir
Dietary supplements are often used by the elderly to improve their nutritional status. However, intake above the recommended dietary levels may be detrimental, and uncertainty exists on the potential health benefits of supplementation in this population. The aim of this study was to describe supplement use among Icelandic older adults and to assess its association with total mortality and CVD-related mortality. This study used data from the Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik study, which recruited 5764 participants aged 66-98 years in 2002-2006...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518221/micronutrient-supplementation-in-adults-with-hiv-infection
#11
REVIEW
Marianne E Visser, Solange Durao, David Sinclair, James H Irlam, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among adults living with HIV disease, particularly in low-income settings where the diet may be low in essential vitamins and minerals. Some micronutrients play critical roles in maintenance of the immune system, and routine supplementation could therefore be beneficial. This is an update of a Cochrane Review previously published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether micronutrient supplements are effective and safe in reducing mortality and HIV-related morbidity of HIV-positive adults (excluding pregnant women)...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384735/effect-of-baseline-nutritional-status-on-long-term-multivitamin-use-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-physicians-health-study-ii-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Susanne Rautiainen, J Michael Gaziano, William G Christen, Vadim Bubes, Gregory Kotler, Robert J Glynn, JoAnn E Manson, Julie E Buring, Howard D Sesso
Importance: Long-term multivitamin use had no effect on risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Physicians' Health Study II. Baseline nutritional status may have modified the lack of effect. Objective: To investigate effect modification by various baseline dietary factors on CVD risk in the Physicians' Health Study II. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Physicians' Health Study II was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial testing multivitamin use (multivitamin [Centrum Silver] or placebo daily) among US male physicians...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377269/multivitamin-use-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Hanne T Wolf, Hanne K Hegaard, Lene D Huusom, Anja B Pinborg
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, a healthy diet is widely accessible. However, a change toward a poor-quality diet with a low nutritional value in high-income countries has led to an inadequate vitamin intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between multivitamin use among women in high-income countries and the risk of adverse birth outcomes (preterm birth [primary outcome], low birthweight, small for gestational age, stillbirth, neonatal death, perinatal mortality, and congenital anomalies without further specification)...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336109/multivitamin-mineral-supplements-rationale-and-safety
#14
REVIEW
Hans K Biesalski, Jana Tinz
Multivitamin/mineral supplements (MVMs) are widely used in many populations. MVMs, together with iron and folic acid, are recommended for pregnant women to improve birth outcome and to reduce low-birthweight and rates of miscarriage. However, MVM use is common in the general population as well. The aim of the present review was to evaluate the safety of long-term use of these supplements. To examine the safety of MVM use, we performed a literature search for randomized controlled studies involving supplementation with a combination of at least nine vitamins and three minerals at a maximum concentration of 100% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812597/medication-and-nutritional-supplement-use-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Charline Fernanda Backes, Edyane Lopes, Airton Tetelbom, Isabela Heineck
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery has been an effective alternative treatment for morbid obesity and has resulted in decreased mortality, better control over comorbidities and reduced use of drugs. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of bariatric surgery on medication drug and nutritional supplement use. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study of before-and-after type, on 69 morbidly obese patients in a public hospital in Porto Alegre. METHODS: Through interviews, the presence of comorbidities and use of drugs with and without prescription were evaluated...
October 31, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718306/common-congenital-anomalies-environmental-causes-and-prevention-with-folic-acid-containing-multivitamins
#16
REVIEW
Swapnalee Sarmah, Pooja Muralidharan, James A Marrs
Congenital anomalies, congenital defects, or birth defects are significant causes of death in infants. The most common congenital defects are congenital heart defects (CHDs) and neural tube defects (NTDs). Defects induced by genetic mutations, environmental exposure to toxins, or a combination of these effects can result in congenital malformations, leading to infant death or long-term disabilities. These defects produce significant mortality and morbidity in the affected individuals, and families are affected emotional and financially...
September 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part C, Embryo Today: Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632426/coenzyme-q10-plus-multivitamin-treatment-prevents-cisplatin-ototoxicity-in-rats
#17
Laura Astolfi, Edi Simoni, Filippo Valente, Sara Ghiselli, Stavros Hatzopoulos, Milvia Chicca, Alessandro Martini
Cisplatin (Cpt) is known to induce a high level of oxidative stress, resulting in an increase of reactive oxygen species damaging the inner ear and causing hearing loss at high frequencies. Studies on animal models show that antioxidants may lower Cpt-induced ototoxicity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ototoxic effects of two different protocols of Cpt administration in a Sprague-Dawley rat model, and to test in the same model the synergic protective effects of a solution of coenzyme Q10 terclatrate and Acuval 400®, a multivitamin supplement containing antioxidant agents and minerals (Acu-Qter)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625518/profile-and-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-defects-a-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#18
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553772/multivitamin-mineral-supplements-rationale-and-safety-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Hans K Biesalski, Jana Tinz
Multivitamin/mineral supplements (MVM) are widely used in many populations. In particular, in pregnant women, MVM together with iron and folic acid are recommended to improve birth outcome and reduce low birth weight and rates of miscarriage. However, MVM use is common in the general population. This raises questions regarding the safety of long-term use of these supplements. To estimate the safety of MVM use, we performed a literature search for randomized, controlled studies for supplements with a combination of at least nine vitamins and three minerals at a maximum concentration of 100% of the recommended dietary allowance...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529612/plasma-n-6-fatty-acid-levels-are-associated-with-cd4-cell-counts-hospitalization-and-mortality-in-hiv-infected-patients
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Edmond K Kabagambe, Amara E Ezeamama, David Guwatudde, Hannia Campos, Wafaie Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids, including n-6 series, modulate immune function, but their effect on CD4 cell counts, death, or hospitalization in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy is unknown. METHODS: In a randomized trial for effects of multivitamins in HIV-infected patients in Uganda, we used gas chromatography to measure plasma n-6 fatty acids at baseline; determined CD4 counts at baseline, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months; and recorded hospitalization or death events...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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