keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health outcomes trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766142/improving-life-expectancy-a-broken-neck-doesn-t-have-to-be-a-terminal-diagnosis-for-the-elderly
#1
Laura N Godat, Leslie M Kobayashi, David C Chang, Raul Coimbra
Background: Elderly patients with cervical spine fractures require optimal care. Treatment with a cervical collar or halo instead of surgical fixation may increase mortality. This investigation intends to describe the life expectancy after injury and evaluate the impact of surgical intervention on mortality. Methods: Patients ≥65 years, with traumatic cervical spine fractures without cord injury were identified in the 1995-2009 California Office of Statewide Health and Planning database...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762260/clinical-indications-associated-with-opioid-initiation-for-pain-management-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Sachin V Pasricha, Mina Tadrous, Wayne Khuu, David N Juurlink, Muhammad M Mamdani, J Michael Paterson, Tara Gomes
Concerns over prescription opioids contributing to high levels of opioid use disorder and overdose have led policymakers and clinicians to seek means to reduce inappropriate and high-dose initial prescriptions. To inform such efforts, we sought to describe the clinical indications associated with opioid initiation and the characteristics of the initial prescriptions and patients through a retrospective population-based cohort study. Our cohort included Ontarians initiating prescription opioids for pain management between April 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016...
May 14, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760842/appropriateness-of-extremity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-examinations-in-an-academic-emergency-department-observation-unit
#3
McKinley Glover, Ravi V Gottumukkala, Yadiel Sanchez, Brian J Yun, Theodore I Benzer, Benjamin A White, Anand M Prabhakar, Ali S Raja
Introduction: Emergency departments (ED) and hospitals face increasing challenges related to capacity, throughput, and stewardship of limited resources while maintaining high quality. Appropriate utilization of extremity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations within the emergency setting is not well known. Therefore, this study aimed to determine indications for and appropriateness of MRI of the extremities for musculoskeletal conditions in the ED observation unit (EDOU). Methods: We conducted this institutional review board-approved, retrospective study in a large, quaternary care academic center and Level I trauma center...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758323/why-do-vascular-surgeons-get-sued-analysis-of-claims-and-outcomes-in-malpractice-litigation
#4
John Phair, Eric B Trestman, Eddie Skripochnik, Evan C Lipsitz, Issam Koleilat, Larry A Scher
OBJECTIVE: To analyze causes and outcomes of malpractice claims against vascular surgeons in the United States. METHODS: Cases entered into the Westlaw database from January 1st 1999 to December 31st 2014 were reviewed. Search terms "vascular" and "surgeon" were used. Data was compiled on the allegation, subject matter and outcome of each case. Additional data including demographics of the defendant was obtained from U.S. News Health Reports on practicing physicians...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755045/building-resilience-after-disasters-through-the-youth-leadership-program-the-importance-of-community-and-academic-partnerships-on-youth-outcomes
#5
Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Tonya Hansel, Beverly Lawrason, Anthony Speier
BACKGROUND: The Youth Leadership Program (YLP) was created as a school community-university partnership after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. The YLP goal was to support youth and improve by engaging them in disaster recovery initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the development of the St. Bernard Parish YLP and evaluate if the program was associated with increasing self-efficacy and decreasing trauma symptoms. Specifically, this study explored how a mental health intervention related to hurricane recovery influenced students' perceived ability to achieve goals, fostering post-disaster self-efficacy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754593/comparison-of-health-literacy-in-privately-insured-and-public-hospital-orthopaedic-patients
#6
Filip Cosic, Tabitha Porter, Cameron Norsworthy, Rohan Price, Harvinder Bedi
Objective The aim of the present study was to quantify and compare patient health literacy between privately insured and public orthopaedic patients. Methods As part of the present cross-sectional study, elective postoperative orthopaedic patients across two sites were recruited and asked to complete a questionnaire at the first postoperative out-patient review. Patients were divided into three groups: (1) a public group (Public); (2) a private group (Private-pre); and (3) a private group that completed the questionnaire immediately after the out-patient review (Private-post)...
May 14, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753571/subway-related-trauma-an-urban-public-health-issue-with-a-high-case-fatality-rate
#7
Simon G Rodier, Charles J DiMaggio, Stephen Wall, Vasiliy Sim, Spiros G Frangos, Patricia Ayoung-Chee, Marko Bukur, Manish Tandon, S Rob Todd, Gary T Marshall
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2003, there were 668 subway-related fatalities in New York City. However, subway-related trauma remains an understudied area of injury-related morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the injuries and events leading up to the injuries of all patients admitted after subway-related trauma. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of subway-related trauma at a Level I trauma center from 2001 to 2016...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751092/overdosing-of-benzodiazepines-z-drugs-and-falls-in-older-adults-costs-for-the-health-system
#8
María José Díaz-Gutiérrez, Mónica Martínez Cengotitabengoa, Cristina Bermúdez-Ampudia, Sainza García, Purificación López, Mayte Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Ana González-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines and Z drugs (BZD/Z drugs) are commonly used for the treatment of insomnia and anxiety in older adults for long periods of time. Given the physiological and metabolic characteristics of this group of patients, they are more prone to the adverse effects of these drugs which include falls. The recommendations for use of BZD/Z drugs include the need to adjust the dose and select those with a short half-life, to avoid adverse events, which as well as potentially affecting patient outcome, increase healthcare costs...
May 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750945/ocular-injury-in-united-states-emergency-departments-seasonality-and-annual-trends-estimated-from-a-nationally-representative-dataset
#9
David A Ramirez, Travis C Porco, Thomas M Lietman, Jeremy D Keenan
PURPOSE: To determine whether ocular trauma occurs more frequently in the summer months. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) is a large, publicly available administrative database that provides nationally representative estimates of emergency department (ED) visits in the United States. Billing codes from NEDS from 2006 to 2013 were used to identify all cases of ocular trauma, and the United States decennial census was used to estimate the population at risk for visiting an ED...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747601/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosed-according-to-the-who-2013-and-who-1999-diagnostic-criteria-a-multicentre-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Eva A R Goedegebure, Sarah H Koning, Klaas Hoogenberg, Fleurisca J Korteweg, Helen L Lutgers, Mattheus J M Diekman, Eva Stekkinger, Paul P van den Berg, Joost J Zwart
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) adopted more stringent diagnostic criteria for GDM in 2013, to improve pregnancy outcomes. However, there is no global consensus on these new diagnostic criteria, because of limited evidence. The objective of the study was to evaluate maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in two cohorts in the Netherlands applying different diagnostic criteria for GDM i.e. WHO-2013 and WHO-1999. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study involving singleton GDM pregnancies in two regions, between 2011 and 2016...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746651/the-impact-of-the-veteran-s-affairs-medical-system-on-an-otolaryngology-residency-training-program
#11
Alexander Lanigan, Mark Spaw, Christopher Donaghe, Joseph Brennan
Introduction: The field of otolaryngology has become the leading specialty in the management of head and neck pathology and trauma. Graduate medical education programs tasked to train military head and neck surgeons within the Department of Defense (DoD) maintain certification by ensuring adequate surgical case volume and training. In recent years, surgical case numbers have declined due to an overall healthy active duty patient population and deployments of residency faculty. As such, a novel initiative between the San Antonio Military Medical Center and the South Texas Veteran's Healthcare system was developed to provide seamless care among active duty service members, dependents, retirees, and veterans...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743136/improving-mental-health-among-ultra-poor-children-two-year-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-burkina-faso
#12
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli, Jo Sanson, Eleni Gaveras, Rachel Nanema, Alexice Tô-Camier, Josh Chaffin
RATIONALE: There is limited evidence about interventions improving child mental health in francophone West Africa. Behavioral mental health interventions alone may have limited effects on children's emotional well-being in families living in abject poverty, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effects of economic intervention, alone and in combination with a family-focused component, on the mental health of children from ultra-poor households in rural Burkina Faso...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#13
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736752/interventions-that-support-or-involve-caregivers-or-families-of-patients-with-traumatic-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Megan E Shepherd-Banigan, Abigail Shapiro, Jennifer R McDuffie, Mira Brancu, Nina R Sperber, Courtney H Van Houtven, Andrzej S Kosinski, Neha N Mehta, Avishek Nagi, John W Williams
BACKGROUND: Almost 40 million family caregivers care for a loved one with severe physical or cognitive impairments. The purpose of this review is to summarize evidence about the benefits of interventions to support or involve family members/caregivers of patients with trauma-related injury on caregiver, patient, and household outcomes. METHODS: English-language peer-reviewed publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO from 1995 through December 2016 were identified...
May 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736219/dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-symptom-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-earthquake-survivors
#15
Gen Li, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Jianxin Zhang, Brain J Hall, Jon D Elhai
It has been well-documented that posttraumatic stress symptoms cause impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Until now we have little data on how DSM-5 PTSD symptom dimensions relate to different aspects of HRQoL. Clarifying this question would be informative to improve the quality of life of PTSD patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dimensions of a well-supported seven-factor model of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms on physical and psychosocial HRQoL. A total of 1063 adult survivors of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake took part in this study nine years after the disaster...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735386/neurobehavioural-outcome-in-6-18-year-old-children-after-trauma-in-pregnancy-case-control-study
#16
B J van der Knoop, K J Oostrom, I A Zonnenberg, M M van Weissenbruch, R J Vermeulen, J I P de Vries
BACKGROUND: Maternal trauma complicates pregnancy in approximately 7%. Long-term development of children exposed to maternal trauma is unknown. AIM: To determine neurobehavioural outcome of children (6-18 years) born after maternal trauma in pregnancy compared to a matched control group. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study performed at a tertiary medical centre. SUBJECTS: All consecutive children born after maternal hospitalization for trauma during pregnancy between 1995 and 2005...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734218/depressive-symptoms-and-problematic-alcohol-and-other-substance-use-in-1-476-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-three-research-sites-in-kenya
#17
Christine Korhonen, Makobu Kimani, Elizabeth Wahome, Fredrick Otieno, Duncan Okall, Robert C Bailey, Gary W Harper, Robert R Lorway, Monika Doshi, John Mathenge, Joshua Kimani, Eduard J Sanders, Susan M Graham
OBJECTIVE: Information on mental health and substance use challenges among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) is needed to focus resources on these issues and optimize services for HIV prevention and care. We determined factors associated with depressive symptoms and problematic alcohol and other substance use among GBMSM in Kenya. METHODS: Self-identified GBMSM in three HIV research studies in Kenya provided information on depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), alcohol use (AUDIT), and other substance use (DAST-6)...
May 3, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733396/trends-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-combat-exposure-among-us-marines-returning-from-iraq-afghanistan-or-other-deployments-2004-13
#18
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Alison Levin-Rector, Richard A Van Dorn, James Trudeau, Laurel L Hourani, Joel K Cartwright, Pamela K Lattimore
Background: As of 2015, more than 2.7 million US military Veterans have served in support of the Global War on Terror. The negative sequelae associated with deployment stressors and related traumas are well-documented. Although data on mental health issues are routinely collected from service members returning from deployment, these data have not been made publicly available, leaving researchers and clinicians to rely on convenience samples, outdated studies and small sample sizes. Methods: Population-based data of US Marines returning from deployment between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed, using the Post-Deployment Health Assessment...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730073/a-profile-of-surgical-burden-and-anaesthesia-services-at-mozambique-s-central-hospital-a-review
#19
REVIEW
J Matthew Kynes, Camila B Walters, Emilia Pinto, Emilia Jeque, Ka Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Surgical and anaesthesia data, including outcomes, remain limited in low-income countries (LIC). This study reviews the surgical burden and anaesthesia services at a tertiary care hospital in Mozambique. METHODS: Information on activities within the department of anaesthesia at XXX Central Hospital for 2014-15 was collected from its annual report and verified by the Chairman of Anaesthesia. Personnel information and health care metrics for the hospital in 2015 were collected and verified by hospital leadership...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729813/a-two-center-validation-of-patient-does-not-follow-commands-and-three-other-simplified-measures-to-replace-the-glasgow-coma-scale-for-field-trauma-triage
#20
Emily Hopkins, Steven M Green, Michael Kiemeney, Jason S Haukoos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital personnel worldwide calculate the 13-point Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score as a routine part of field trauma triage. We wish to independently validate a simpler binary assessment to replace the GCS for this task. METHODS: We analyzed trauma center registries from Loma Linda University Health (2003 to 2015) and Denver Health Medical Center (2009 to 2015) to compare the binary assessment "patient does not follow commands" (ie, GCS motor score <6) with GCS score less than or equal to 13 for the prediction of 5 trauma outcomes: emergency intubation, clinically significant brain injury, need for neurosurgical intervention, Injury Severity Score greater than 15, and mortality...
May 2, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
102500
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"