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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631870/thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-neuropathic-pain-efficacy-at-three-years-follow-up
#2
Vasco Abreu, Rui Vaz, Virgínia Rebelo, Maria José Rosas, Clara Chamadoira, Martin J Gillies, Tipu Z Aziz, Erlick A C Pereira
OBJECT: Chronic neuropathic pain is estimated to affect 3-4.5% of the worldwide population, posing a serious burden to society. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is already established for movement disorders and also used to treat some "off-label" conditions. However, DBS for the treatment of chronic, drug refractory, neuropathic pain, has shown variable outcomes with few studies performed in the last decade. Thus, this procedure has consensus approval in parts of Europe but not the USA. This study prospectively evaluated the efficacy at three years of DBS for neuropathic pain...
June 20, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#3
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628899/correlates-of-child-abuse-potential-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-a-developmental-ecological-perspective
#4
Adriana Espinosa, Lesia M Ruglass, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Ron Nicholson, Kelly M Sykes
The child victimization rate in the US has rapidly grown over the past five years. Today, nine out of every 1000 children are victims of some type of child maltreatment, and lifetime costs of child victimization exceed $100 billion per year. Effective policies promoting fairness and child safety must target the most salient indicators of child maltreatment. In this study, we examined three groups of risk factors for child abuse potential with the goal of identifying the most prominent indicators in a sample of 170 African-American and Latina mothers...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628531/costs-and-length-of-stay-for-the-acute-care-of-patients-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury-following-cervical-trauma-the-impact-of-early-transfer-to-specialized-acute-sci-center
#5
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Étienne Bourassa-Moreau, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
OBJECTIVE: Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) centers aim to optimize outcome following SCI. However, there is no timeframe to transfer patients from regional to SCI centers in order to promote cost-efficiency of acute care. Our objective was to compare costs and length of stay (LOS) following early and late transfer to the SCI center. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (n = 87) was managed in an SCI center promptly after the trauma, whereas group 2 (n = 29) was transferred to the SCI center only after surgery...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627899/parenting-stress-as-a-mediator-of-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-children
#6
Melissa L Whitson, Joy S Kaufman
Exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) significantly impacts outcomes for children in behavioral health systems of care (SOCs). The present study built on previous research that found parenting stress influences outcomes for children exposed to PTEs. The sample included 184 young children and their families who were enrolled in an early childhood SOC. Path analyses demonstrated that parenting stress mediated the relationship between the number of PTEs a child experienced and caregiver-reported internalizing/externalizing problem behaviors at baseline...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624037/trauma-care-in-a-multiethnic-population-effects-of-being-undocumented
#7
Jonathan M Wyrick, Brittany A Kalosza, George N Coritsidis, Raymond Tse, George Agriantonis
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that undocumented immigrants (UIs) display characteristics of having a low socioeconomic status and are primarily of ethnic minorities. These social determinants of health are known to be associated with diminished health care access and poor clinical outcomes. We therefore investigated the impact of documentation status on the clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma registry at our safety net institution for all adult patients who were admitted from 2010 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622816/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-depression-and-length-of-hospital-stay-following-traumatic-injury
#8
Erin Sullivan, Jordin Shelley, Evan Rainey, Monica Bennett, Purvi Prajapati, Mark B Powers, Michael Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depression symptoms with hospital outcome measures to explore how psychiatric factors relate to hospital length of stay (LOS). METHOD: Participants were adults admitted to a large Level I Trauma Center for longer than 24h. Depression was assessed at hospitalization using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), and PTSS was measured by the Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD)...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#9
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617017/identifying-trajectories-of-change-to-improve-understanding-of-integrated-health-care-outcomes-on-ptsd-symptoms-post-disaster
#10
Howard J Osofsky, Carl F Weems, Tonya Cross Hansel, Anthony H Speier, Joy D Osofsky, Rebecca Graham, Lucy King, Timothy K Craft
INTRODUCTION: Addressing life stressors is an important function for integrated care, especially for health care homes located in disaster prone environments. This study evaluated trajectories of change for patients with postdisaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were seen in integrated care. In addition to describing the results, this article provides the methods of subgroup analyses as this may be useful for others working in real-world practice. METHOD: Patients (N = 340) receiving services at 5 rural health clinics self-reported PTSD symptoms as part of an ongoing evaluation to study the effectiveness of integrated health...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610778/a-comparison-between-non-powder-gun-and-powder-gun-injuries-in-a-young-pediatric-population
#11
Jennifer J Freeman, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Jessica Staszak, Alexander Feliz
INTRODUCTION: Non-powder guns (NPG) are viewed as toys for children by the general public. Literature on firearm injuries in the pediatric population is increasing, however there are still large gaps in the published literature regarding NPG. We intended to identify and compare the epidemiology, circumstances of injury and outcomes of children with NPG versus powder-gun injuries (GSW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective analysis of children 0-14 years old treated for NPG and GSW injuries at our level one pediatric trauma center...
May 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607677/design-and-implementation-of-a-trauma-care-bundle-at-a-community-hospital
#12
Ryan Andres, Elan Hahn, Steffen de Kok, Rafi Setrak, Jeffrey Doyle, Allison Brown
The Niagara Health System (NHS) in Ontario, Canada is comprised of three non-designated trauma center (NTC) hospitals which provide primary care to approximately 100 trauma patients annually. NTCs often lack standardized resources such as trauma surgeons, trauma-trained emergency room physicians, Advanced Trauma Life Support certified staff, trauma protocols, and other resources commonly found at designated trauma centers. Studies indicate that these differences contribute to poorer outcomes for trauma patients treated at community hospitals in Ontario, including the NTC hospitals of the NHS...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606494/screening-for-depression-rasch-analysis-of-the-structural-validity-of-the-phq-9-in-acutely-injured-trauma-survivors
#13
Kaj Sparle Christensen, Eva Oernboel, Doug Zatzick, Joan Russo
OBJECTIVE: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is widely used for screening of depression in acutely injured trauma survivors. Rasch analysis has been used to evaluate its measurement characteristics. This paper aims: 1) to assess the psychometric properties of the nine PHQ-9 items and 2) to determine the structural validity of using the total PHQ-9 score as a clinical outcome measure. METHODS: PHQ-9 data for 937 persons aged 18-60years admitted to 20 level 1 trauma centers in the United States were included...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#14
Benjamin Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601311/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-associated-mortality-in-hospitalized-us-trauma-patients
#15
Laura L Townsend, Micaela M Esquivel, Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Thomas G Weiser, Paul M Maggio, David A Spain, Lakshika Tennakoon, Kristan Staudenmayer
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that psychiatric diagnoses would be common in hospitalized trauma patients in the United States and when present, would be associated with worse outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS, 2012) was used to determine national estimates for the number of patients admitted with an injury. Psychiatric diagnoses were identified using diagnosis codes according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582459/traumatic-injury-and-perceived-injustice-fault-attributions-matter-in-a-no-fault-compensation-state
#16
Liane J Ioannou, Peter A Cameron, Stephen J Gibson, Belinda J Gabbe, Jennie Ponsford, Paul A Jennings, Carolyn A Arnold, Stella M Gwini, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Melita J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury can lead to loss, suffering and feelings of injustice. Previous research has shown that perceived injustice is associated with poorer physical and mental wellbeing in persons with chronic pain. This study aimed to identify the relative association between injury, compensation and pain-related characteristics and perceived injustice 12-months after traumatic injury. METHODS: 433 participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry, and completed questionnaires at 12-14 months after injury as part of an observational cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581317/-learning-how-to-ask-effectiveness-of-a-training-for-trauma-inquiry-and-response-in-substance-use-disorder-healthcare-professionals
#17
Annett Lotzin, Sven Buth, Susanne Sehner, Philipp Hiller, Marcus-Sebastian Martens, Silke Pawils, Franka Metzner, John Read, Martin Härter, Ingo Schäfer
CONTEXT: Exposure to traumatic events should be systematically assessed in health care services so that trauma-related treatment can be offered when appropriate. However, professionals often lack expertise in trauma inquiry and response, and therefore require training in this field. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the "Learning how to ask" training for trauma inquiry and response (Read, Hammersley, & Rudegeair, 2007) is effective in increasing health care professionals' trauma inquiry behavior...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581314/intergenerational-perceptions-of-mass-trauma-s-impact-on-physical-health-and-well-being
#18
Brent Bezo, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived intergenerational impact of the 1932-1933 forced starvation-genocide of Ukrainians and reports the perceived impact of the mass trauma on physical health and well-being across three generations. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with survivors of the 1930s mass trauma and their adult children and grandchildren. In total, 45 interviews were conducted in Ukraine and a qualitative thematic method was used to analyze the interview texts...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574318/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-and-stroke
#19
Nickalus R Khan, Brittany D Fraser, Vincent Nguyen, Kenneth Moore, Scott Boop, Brandy N Vaughn, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE Despite established risk factors, abusive head trauma (AHT) continues to plague our communities. Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), depicted as areas of hypodensity on CT scans or diffusion restriction on MR images, is a well-known consequence of AHT, but its etiology remains elusive. The authors hypothesize that a CVA, in isolation or in conjunction with other intracranial injuries, compounds the severity of a child's injury, which in turn leads to greater health care utilization, including surgical services, and an increased risk of death...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570249/early-detection-of-pressure-injury-using-a-forensic-alternate-light-source
#20
Heather Hettrick, Cheryl Hill, Patrick Hardigan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine if an alternate light source (ALS) can be used to detect tissue trauma before visible manifestations of tissue injury are evident with the naked eye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten participants were recruited and gave consent, and 7 completed the study. Researchers examined and photographed participants' heels in ambient light to establish baseline. A series of photographs using ALS and camera were taken as follows: violet wavelength at 415 nm to 445 nm with yellow lens; blue wavelength at 455 nm to 515 nm with orange lens; and green wavelength at 535 nm to 575 nm with red lens...
May 25, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
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