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Eleonore V Grant, Adam H Skolnick, Joshua Chodosh, Michael H Perskin, Nicole M Orr, Caroline Blaum, John A Dodson
More than 13 million persons in the United States aged 65 and older have cardiovascular disease (CVD), and this population is expected to increase exponentially over the next several decades. In the absence of clinical studies that would inform how best to manage this population, there is an urgent need for collaborative, thoughtful approaches to their care. Although cardiologists are traditionally regarded as leaders in the care of older adults with CVD, these individuals have multiple comorbidities, physiological differences, and distinct goals of care than younger patients that require a specialized geriatric lens...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Marianna Galeazzi, Paolo Mazzola, Breanna Valcarcel, Giuseppe Bellelli, Marco Dinelli, Giulio Maria Pasinetti, Giorgio Annoni
BACKGROUND: The incidence of biliary tract pathology is growing with an age-related trend, and progresses as the population ages. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) represents the gold standard for treatment in these cases, but evidence about its safety in the elderly is still debated. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of all patients aged ≥65 undergoing ERCP between July 2013 and July 2015. Of 387 ERCP cases, 363 (~ 94%) were completed entirely...
March 14, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Loretta M Isaac, Elaine Buggy, Anita Sharma, Athena Karberis, Kim M Maddock, Kathryn M Weston
Purpose The patient-centred management of people with cognitive impairment admitted to acute health care facilities can be challenging. The TOP5 intervention utilises carers' expert biographical and social knowledge of the patient to facilitate personalised care. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether involvement of carers in the TOP5 initiative could improve patient care and healthcare delivery. Design/methodology/approach A small-scale longitudinal study was undertaken in two wards of one acute teaching hospital...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Ekin Ozturk, Marianne van Iersel, Karsten van Loon, Corry den Rooijen, Eric van Dongen, Rob de Lind van Wijngaarden, Joost Klaase, Harry van Goor
INTRODUCTION: Surgical specialists and residents lack knowledge to adequately manage frail older patients. This study aims to evaluate the effects of an interactive online course regarding attitude, self-confidence and knowledge in perioperative management of the elderly patient. METHODS: The six-weeks course consisted of expert videos, literature readings, quizzes and forum discussions. Surgical consultants with geriatric expertise and geriatricians moderated online discussions and stimulated interaction...
February 10, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Meera Balasubramaniam
Geriatricians are increasingly encountering older adults expressing suicidal wishes in the absence of overt mental illness. This is expected to grow as life expectancy increases. This article describes the case of an older adult who expressed the wish to end his life in the absence of a diagnosable mental illness. Although he had chronic medical illnesses, he was not terminally ill. The complex subject of rational suicide in elderly adults is approached from a clinician's perspective. Issues of ageism, gerontophobia, and changing perspectives on death are highlighted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Lies De Bock, Eline Tommelein, Hans Baekelandt, Wim Maes, Koen Boussery, Annemie Somers
For the majority of Belgian hospitals, a pharmacist-led full medication review process is not standard care and, therefore, challenging to introduce. With this study, we aimed to evaluate the successes and barriers of the implementation of a pharmacist-led full medication review process in the geriatric ward at a local Belgian hospital. To this end, we carried out an interventional study, performing a full medication review on older patients (≥70 years) with polypharmacy (≥5 drugs) who had an unplanned admission to the geriatric ward...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
L Rouch, F Farbos, C Cool, C McCambridge, C Hein, S Elmalem, Y Rolland, B Vellas, P Cestac
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the overall rate of adherence by general practitioners (GPs) to treatment modifications suggested at discharge from hospital and to assess the way communication between secondary and primary care could be improved. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients hospitalized from the emergency department to the acute geriatric care unit of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 206 subjects with a mean age of 85 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Emmanuelle Magny, Hélène Le Petitcorps, Maria Pociumban, Zineb Bouksani-Kacher, Éric Pautas, Joël Belmin, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin, Carmelo Lafuente-Lafuente
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with delirium among community-dwelling older adults have been poorly studied. Our aim was to describe the prevalence of predisposing and precipitating factors for delirium among patients admitted for delirium and to assess whether these factors were appropriately recognized at the first patient assessment at hospital. METHODS: Consecutive community-dwelling individuals admitted to three geriatric acute care units with a confirmed initial diagnosis of delirium were prospectively included...
2018: PloS One
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Andrea Ungar, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
The traditional model of care is based on "disease-centered" management that requires the organization of the hospital in specialized wards, to which the patient is assigned for the main disease. The growing need to optimize economical and human resources and to promote a global approach to the patient has led to the setting up of the intensity of care model. It is a health system based on a "patient-centered" approach, where the hospital is organized in departments dedicated to patients with homogenous needs of care...
February 21, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Arturo Vilches-Moraga, Jenny Fox
Increasing numbers of older patients require Emergency admission under General Surgery (EGS). This is a group of heterogeneous and often complex individuals with varying degrees of multimorbidity, polypharmacy, functional, mobility and cognitive impairment. Our article describes the benefits of comprehensive assessment coupled with patient-centred multiprofessional interventions and timely discharge planning. We discuss diverse service models and describe our experience in the planning, development and consolidation of a perioperative service for older EGS patients...
February 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Nicholas J Cordato, Mary Kearns, Peter Smerdely, Katrin M Seeher, Matthew D Gardiner, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: Rehospitalization of nursing home (NH) residents is frequent, costly, potentially avoidable and associated with diminished quality of life and poor survival. This study aims to evaluate the impact and cost-effectiveness of the Regular Early Assessment Post-Discharge (REAP) protocol of coordinated specialist geriatrician and nurse practitioner visits on rates of rehospitalization, hospital length of stay, and emergency department presentations for NH residents recently discharged from hospital...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Dmitri Zintchouk, Merete Gregersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Else Marie Damsgaard
BACKGROUND: Older adults make increasing demands on all sectors of the healthcare system. We investigated the effect of geriatrician-performed comprehensive geriatric care (CGC) in older adults referred to an outpatient community rehabilitation unit. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Two Danish non-hospital based rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Persons aged 65 or older admitted from home or hospital. INTERVENTION: CGC performed by a geriatrician at the rehabilitation unit...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
H Rooney, L Mokool, A Ramsay, S Nalagatla
Purple urine bag syndrome is an uncommon condition that describes the purple discolouration of a catheter bag and tubing. It mainly affects patients with limited mobility who have long-term catheters. Although benign in nature per se, its presence can alarm both patient and practitioner unfamiliar with the syndrome. Here, we describe two cases of asymptomatic patients who both presented to outpatient clinic with the characteristic purple discolouration of their long-term catheters and tubing. The report discusses the pathophysiology of the syndrome and initial investigation and management...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Francesca De Angelis, Stefania Basili, Fratto Giovanni, Pompiliu Dan Trifan, Stefano Di Carlo, Licia Manzon
Oral diseases have been adversely associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which are also the most frequent cause of death in older population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association among oral status indexes and CVD in patients aged more than 65 years attending in the Oral department of a public hospital Policlinico Umberto 1 of Rome. The study population consisted of 533 patients. Dental status was detected measuring the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI) indexes...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Lise M Bjerre, Barbara Farrell, Matthew Hogel, Lyla Graham, Geneviève Lemay, Lisa McCarthy, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Samir Sinha, Wade Thompson, Vivian Welch, Andrew Wiens
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop antipsychotics; to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 9 clinicians (1 family physician, 1 family physician specializing in long-term care, 1 geriatric psychiatrist, 2 geriatricians, 4 pharmacists) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
January 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Griet Buyck, Veronique Devriendt, Anne-Marie Van den Abeele, Christian Bachmann
Objective and importance Listeria monocytogenes is a rare foodborne pathogen, causing both outbreaks and sporadic infections. Severe, systemic infections are more prevalent in at-risk populations, such as pregnant women, but occur mostly in older people and immunocompromised individuals. In this case report, we describe the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of Listeria monocytogenes sepsis in an older patient, and we briefly review the literature about listeriosis and the importance of safe food practices...
January 9, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Lieu Thi Thuy Trinh, Helen Achat, Sze Ming Loh, Robert Pascoe, Hassan Asarreh, Joanne Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between management standards and clinical outcomes among patients with hip fracture (HF). METHODS: Data from a prospective cohort study were linked with hospital administration data. RESULTS: In 2014 and 2015, 493 patients had surgery for HF. The proportion of patients meeting care standards ranged from 69% for surgery within 48 hours to 96% for being seen by a geriatrician. Thirty-nine per cent of patients received all the standards...
January 8, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Michael Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
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