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Health professions workforce

Jane Mills, Jennifer Chamberlain-Salaun, Helena Harrison, Karen Yates, Andrea O'Shea
BACKGROUND: A core objective of the Australian health system is to provide high quality, safe health care that meets the needs of all Australians. To achieve this, an adequate and effective workforce must support the delivery of care. With rapidly changing health care systems and consumer demographics, demand for care is increasing and retention of sufficient numbers of skilled staff is now a critical priority to meet current and future health care demands. Nurses are the largest cohort of professionals within the health workforce...
2016: BMC Nursing
Leonie Segal, Claire Marsh, Rob Heyes
OBJECTIVES: We explored the real cost of training the workforce in a range of primary health care professions in Australia with a focus on the impact of retention to contribute to the debate on how best to achieve the optimal health workforce mix. METHODS: The cost to train an entry-level health professional across 12 disciplines was derived from university fees, payment for clinical placements and, where relevant, cost of internship, adjusted for student drop-out...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ian Bates, Christopher John, Andreia Bruno, Pamela Fu, Shirin Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there is a global healthcare workforce shortage of 7.2 million, which is predicted to grow to 12.9 million by 2035. Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines. Pharmacists are a key component of the healthcare workforce, and in many countries, pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare profession. This paper identifies key issues and current trends affecting the global pharmacy workforce, in particular workforce distribution, country economic status, capacity, and workforce gender balance...
October 10, 2016: Human Resources for Health
James F Cawley
The 1980 report of the Graduate Medical Education National Advisory Committee (GMENAC) predicted a surplus of physicians by 1990 and 2000. The report appeared to have a depressing effect on the growth of the PA profession in the early 1980s; in the 9 years following its release, no new PA programs were started and a number of existing programs closed. The GMENAC forecast proved to be inaccurate and the PA profession saw significant program growth in the 1990s and beyond. A lesson of GMENAC is that accurately predicting health workforce supply and demand is difficult...
October 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Patricia Pittman, Ellen Scully-Russ
BACKGROUND: As implementation of the US Affordable Care Act (ACA) advances, many domestic health systems are considering major changes in how the healthcare workforce is organized. The purpose of this study is to explore the dynamic processes and interactions by which workforce planning and development (WFPD) is evolving in this new environment. METHODS: Informed by the theory of loosely coupled systems (LCS), we use a case study design to examine how workforce changes are being managed in Kaiser Permanente and Montefiore Health System...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Michael V Relf
: As the world around us evolves and as society becomes increasingly diverse, the demographics of the health professions workforce, including nursing, have been slow to change. Even with influential public relations campaigns sponsored by Johnson & Johnson (2015), pivotal policy reports such as the Institute of Medicine the Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health report (Institute of Medicine, 2010), and programs such as the New Careers in Nursing Program funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/New Careers in Nursing (2015), much work remains if the nursing workforce is to match the demographics of the U...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
David M Krol
In 2008, faced with the challenges of a looming nursing shortage and a nursing workforce that did not mirror the diversity of the population of the United States, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation considered how to contribute to a solution. A key challenge was how to rapidly and effectively build a cadre of diverse nurses who were ready to take on the leadership challenges of an evolving health care system. From that challenge, the New Careers in Nursing program was developed. A collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, the program set about to change the face of nursing...
September 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Melanie Birks, Jenny Davis, John Smithson, Robyn Cant
The nursing profession comprises Australia's largest regulated health workforce yet its practice boundaries are poorly understood. The ambiguity surrounding the practice scope of nurses limits the profession's ability to fully respond to Australia's current and emerging health system challenges. The aim of this review is to explore the concept of scope of practice of registered nurses (RN) in Australia, as reflected in contemporary literature. An integrative review of literature relating to the scope of practice of the Australian registered nurse published between 2007 and 2014 was conducted...
October 13, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
John K Jackson, Safeera Y Hussainy, Carl M J Kirkpatrick
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe an environmental framework for pharmacists in primary care in Australia and determine the major factors within that environment that have the greatest bearing on their capacity to implement patient-focused models of professional practice.Methods A draft framework for pharmacists' practice was developed by allocating structures, systems and related factors known to the researchers or identified from the literature as existing within pharmacists' internal, operational and external environments to one of five domains: Social, Technological, Economic, Environmental or Political [STEEP]...
September 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Helen K Morgan, Adrianne Haggins, Monica L Lypson, Paula Ross
In light of national calls for increased diversity in medicine, it is critical for academic medicine to remain actively engaged in the conversation about the value of diversity in higher education, specifically for students from underrepresented backgrounds. Too often, the undergraduate premedical experience is excluded from conversations about diversity in medicine. The undergraduate premedical experience, however, is a critical junction for many students from backgrounds underrepresented in medicine, especially for those who enter college underprepared for the academic rigor of the premedical experience...
September 6, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Amy N Smith, Linda D Boyd, Christine Macarelli Rogers, Ronald C Le Jeune
Increasing the knowledge base of its practitioners through formal education is vital to advancing the dental hygiene profession, ensuring practitioners' readiness for participation in future health care workforce models, and preparing future dental hygiene educators. The aim of this study was to discover the value of, barriers to, and motivations for graduate education among dental hygienists as a first step toward establishing ways to stimulate enrollment and facilitate program change. A qualitative pilot study design was used, with focus groups used for data collection...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Kate Morgan, Roger Hughes
BACKGROUND: The need to build research capacity within allied health professions has previously been acknowledged as a workforce development strategy required to enhance the effectiveness of the health system. This study aimed to assess consensus among Australian allied health academics about the research- and evaluation-specific competencies required of graduates in the Australian workforce context. METHODS: A two-round Delphi study was conducted among a purposively sampled panel of 57 allied health educators from physiotherapy, speech pathology, and dietetics from universities across Australia...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Richard E Hawkins, Catherine M Welcher, Victoria Stagg Elliott, Richard S Pieters, Liana Puscas, Paul H Wick
The increasing number of senior physicians and calls for increased accountability of the medical profession by the public have led regulators and policymakers to consider implementing age-based competency screening. Some hospitals and health systems have initiated age-based screening, but there is no agreed upon assessment process. Licensing and certifying organizations generally do not require that senior physicians pass additional assessments of health, competency, or quality performance. Studies suggest that physician performance, on average, declines with increasing years in medical practice, but the effect of age on an individual physician's competence is highly variable...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Patricia M Herman, Ian D Coulter
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to examine the policy implications of politically defining complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) professions by their treatment modalities rather than by their full professional scope. METHODS: This study used a 2-stage exploratory grounded approach. In stage 1, we identified how CAM is represented (if considered as professions vs modalities) across a purposely sampled diverse set of policy topic domains using exemplars to describe and summarize each...
September 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Whitney Thurman, Megan Pfitzinger-Lippe
This article reviews the history of social justice in nursing and argues that education needs to be redesigned to allow nurses to return to the profession's social justice roots. A review of social justice literature in nursing practice and education was conducted. Although social justice is a recurring theme in the literature, definitions are abstract, calls to action are ambiguous, and theoretical frameworks continue to emphasize the individual nurse-patient dyad. Nursing education needs to be redesigned to incorporate social justice concepts throughout the entire curriculum...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Björg Pálsdóttir, Jean Barry, Andreia Bruno, Hugh Barr, Amy Clithero, Nadia Cobb, Jan De Maeseneer, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, André-Jacques Neusy, Scott Reeves, Roger Strasser, Paul Worley
Across the globe, a "fit for purpose" health professional workforce is needed to meet health needs and challenges while capitalizing on existing resources and strengths of communities. However, the socio-economic impact of educating and deploying a fit for purpose health workforce can be challenging to evaluate. In this paper, we provide a brief overview of six promising strategies and interventions that provide context-relevant health professional education within the health system. The strategies focused on in the paper are:1...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Alba Ripoll Gallardo, Frederick M Burkle, Luca Ragazzoni, Francesco Della Corte
The current humanitarian crisis in Yemen is unprecedented in many ways. The Yemeni War tragedy is symptomatic of gross failures to recognize, by combatants, existing humanitarian law and the Geneva Convention that have become the new norm in unconventional armed conflicts and are increasingly replicated in Africa, Afghanistan, and other areas of the Middle East with dire consequences on aid workers and the noncombatant population. The health and humanitarian professions must take collective responsibility in calling for all belligerent parties to cease the massacre and commit to guaranteed medical assistance, humanitarian aid, and the free flow of information and respect for the humanitarian principles that protect the neutrality and impartiality of the humanitarian workforce...
August 11, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Susan A Nancarrow, Gretchen Young, Katy O'Callaghan, Mathew Jenkins, Kathleen Philip, Kegan Barlow
Objective In 2015, the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services commissioned the Victorian Allied Health Workforce Research Program to provide data on allied health professions in the Victorian public, private and not-for-profit sectors. Herein we present a snapshot of the demographic profiles and distribution of these professions in Victoria and discuss the workforce implications.Methods The program commenced with an environmental scan of 27 allied health professions in Victoria. This substantial scoping exercise identified existing data, resources and contexts for each profession to guide future data collection and research...
August 11, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Katy Dawley, Linda V Walsh
INTRODUCTION: As nurse-midwifery practice expanded beyond areas surrounding early nurse-midwifery education programs, leaders in the profession wanted to establish a strong diverse, inclusive professional organization, a necessary step in creating a diverse workforce (defined here as open to nurse-midwives of all colors, ethnicities, and national origins) that would maintain standards, provide continuing education, and facilitate communication among nurse-midwives. This research presents historical context and organizational factors supporting and limiting development of a workforce reflective of communities served by nurse-midwives...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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