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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804774/opportunities-challenges-and-strategies-when-building-a-midwifery-profession-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-bangladesh-and-nepal
#1
Malin Bogren, Kerstin Erlandsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to identify opportunities and challenges when building a midwifery profession in Bangladesh and Nepal. METHODS: Data were collected through 33 semi-structured interviews with government officials, policy-makers, donors, and individuals from academia and non-government organizations with an influence in building a midwifery profession in their respective countries. Data were analyzed using content analysis. FINDINGS: The opportunities and challenges found in Bangladesh and Nepal when building a midwifery profession emerged the theme "A comprehensive collaborative approach, with a political desire, can build a midwifery profession while competing views, interest, priorities and unawareness hamper the process"...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793485/healthcare-students-perceptions-about-their-role-confidence-and-competence-to-deliver-brief-public-health-interventions-and-advice
#2
Sionnadh McLean, Laura Charlesworth, Stephen May, Nick Pollard
BACKGROUND: Public health improvement has long been an important focus for the United Kingdom Department of Health. The Allied Health Professions (AHP) Federation has 84,000 members, such a large number of AHP professionals should play a role in public health initiatives, but it is not clear if they or the AHP students who will be the future healthcare workforce feel themselves equipped to do so. Our aim was to understand the perceptions of AHP students about their role in delivering public health advice...
May 24, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792260/widening-participation-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pasifika-students-in-health-careers-evaluation-of-two-health-science-academies
#3
Lesley Middleton, Ausaga Faasalele Tanuvasa, Megan Pledger, Nicola Grace, Kirsten Smiler, Tua Taueetia Loto-Su'a, Jacqueline Cumming
Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of two health science academies established by a district health board in South Auckland, New Zealand, to create a health workforce pipeline for local Māori and Pasifika students. Methods A mixed-methods approach was used, involving background discussions with key informants to generate an initial logic model of how the academies work, followed by secondary analysis of students' records relating to retention and academic achievement, a survey of senior academy students' interest in particular health careers and face-to-face interviews and focus groups with students, families and teachers...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779542/improving-data-for-behavioral-health-workforce-planning-development-of-a-minimum-data-set
#4
Angela J Beck, Phillip M Singer, Jessica Buche, Ronald W Manderscheid, Peter Buerhaus
The behavioral health workforce, which encompasses a broad range of professions providing prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation services for mental health conditions and substance use disorders, is in the midst of what is considered by many to be a workforce crisis. The workforce shortage can be attributed to both insufficient numbers and maldistribution of workers, leaving some communities with no behavioral health providers. In addition, demand for behavioral health services has increased more rapidly as a result of federal legislation over the past decade supporting mental health and substance use parity and by healthcare reform...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770321/developing-workforce-capacity-in-public-health-informatics-core-competencies-and-curriculum-design
#5
Douglas R Wholey, Martin LaVenture, Sripriya Rajamani, Rob Kreiger, Craig Hedberg, Cynthia Kenyon
We describe a master's level public health informatics (PHI) curriculum to support workforce development. Public health decision-making requires intensive information management to organize responses to health threats and develop effective health education and promotion. PHI competencies prepare the public health workforce to design and implement these information systems. The objective for a Master's and Certificate in PHI is to prepare public health informaticians with the competencies to work collaboratively with colleagues in public health and other health professions to design and develop information systems that support population health improvement...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752837/understanding-the-invisibility-of-black-nurse-leaders-using-a-black-feminist-poststructuralist-framework
#6
Keisha Jefferies, Lisa Goldberg, Megan Aston, Gail Tomblin Murphy
AIM: This paper explores the invisibility and underrepresentation of Black nurses in formal and informal leadership roles using a Black feminist poststructuralist framework. The paper describes historical and contemporary challenges experienced by Black nurses throughout their nursing education and in practice. It also highlights how social and institutional discourses continue to marginalize and oppress Black nurses as leaders and render them invisible. BACKGROUND: Diversity amongst nursing leaders is essential to inform health care delivery, develop inclusive practices and provide culturally sensitive care...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742613/perceptual-and-structural-facilitators-and-barriers-to-becoming-a-surgeon-a-qualitative-study-of-african-american-and-latino-surgeons
#7
Jesus G Ulloa, Omar Viramontes, Gery Ryan, Kenneth Wells, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Gerardo Moreno
PURPOSE: As racial and ethnic heterogeneity in the U.S. population increases, it is important that the health care workforce, including surgery, mirror that diversity. Structural and perceptual barriers may contribute to an underrepresentation of African-American and Latino surgeons. Understanding these barriers may translate into interventions, and in turn, improved diversification of the U.S. surgery workforce. METHOD: In 2016, the authors conducted in-depth semistructured interviews to explore structural and perceptual barriers African-American and Latino surgeons face...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739444/workplace-wellness-programming-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-study-of-corporate-key-informants-in-mexico-and-india
#8
Heather Wipfli, Kristin Dessie Zacharias, Nuvjote Nivvy Hundal, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi, Shubha Kumar
BACKGROUND: A qualitative study of key informant semi-structured interviews were conducted between March and July 2016 in Mexico and India to achieve the following aims: to explore corporations' and stakeholders' views, attitudes and expectations in relation to health, wellness and cancer prevention in two middle-income countries, and to determine options for health professions to advance their approach to workplace wellness programming globally, including identifying return-on-investment incentives for corporations to implement wellness programming...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732515/sustaining-success-aligning-the-public-health-workforce-in-south-eastern-europe-with-strategic-public-health-priorities
#9
Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Milena Santric-Milicevic, Anna Cichowska, Martin Krayer von Krauss, Galina Perfilieva, Boris Rebac, Ingrid Zuleta-Marin, Marjolein Dieleman, Prisca Zwanikken
OBJECTIVES: To map out the Public Health Workforce (PHW) involved in successful public health interventions. METHODS: We did a pilot assessment of human resources involved in successful interventions addressing public health challenges in the countries of South-Eastern Europe (SEE). High-level representatives of eight countries reported about success stories through the coaching by experts. During synthesizing qualitative data, experts applied triangulation by contacting additional sources of evidence and used the framework method in data analysis...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707516/communication-rehabilitation-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-role-of-speech-and-language-therapists
#10
Karen Wylie, Lindy McAllister, Bronwyn Davidson, Julie Marshall
Background: Workforce factors present a significant barrier to the development of rehabilitation services for people with communication disabilities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Exploring how the work of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the region is organised and delivered can provide insight into existing services, areas for future workforce development and improved rehabilitation access for people with communication disability. Objectives: This paper describes the employment and service provision patterns and work roles of a sample of SLTs in SSA...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700874/the-concept-of-compassion-within-uk-media-generated-discourse-a-corpus-informed-analysis
#11
Carmel Bond, Gemma Stacey, Sarah Field-Richards, Patrick Callaghan, Philip Keeley, Joanne Lymn, Sarah Redsell, Helen Spiby
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how the concept of compassion is socially constructed within UK discourse, in response to recommendations that aspiring nurses gain care experience prior to entering nurse education. BACKGROUND: Following a report of significant failings in care, the UK government proposed prior care experience for aspiring nurses as a strategy to enhance compassion amongst the profession. Media reporting of this generated substantial online discussion, which formed the data for this research...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699562/the-trend-of-feminization-of-doctors-workforce-in-oman-is-it-a-phenomenon-that-could-rouse-the-health-system
#12
Nazar A Mohamed, Nadia Noor Abdulhadi, Abdullah A Al-Maniri, Nahida R Al-Lawati, Ahmed M Al-Qasmi
BACKGROUND: Participation of women in the medical profession over several countries worldwide was increased over the past decades. This paper is a part of ongoing studies aiming at addressing the issue of health workforce feminization among doctors in the Sultanate of Oman as well as exploring the health system readiness in dealing with this phenomenon. METHODS: Literature in addition to reports and records of the Ministry of Health, Oman (MoH), Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) and Oman Medical Specialty Board were reviewed regarding the gender of the doctors and the medical students...
April 27, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688856/physician-s-sociodemographic-profile-and-distribution-across-public-and-private-health-care-an-insight-into-physicians-dual-practice-in-brazil
#13
Bruno Alonso Miotto, Aline Gil Alves Guilloux, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Giulia Marcelino Mainardi, Giuliano Russo, Mário César Scheffer
BACKGROUND: The intertwined relation between public and private care in Brazil is reshaping the medical profession, possibly affecting the distribution and profile of the country's medical workforce. Physicians' simultaneous engagement in public and private services is a common and unregulated practice in Brazil, but the influence played by contextual factors and personal characteristics over dual practice engagement are still poorly understood. This study aimed at exploring the sociodemographic profile of Brazilian physicians to shed light on the links between their personal characteristics and their distribution across public and private services...
April 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683358/the-evolving-role-of-paramedics-a-nice-problem-to-have
#14
Georgette Eaton, Kamal Mahtani, Matt Catterall
This short essay supports the growing role of paramedics in the clinical and academic workforce. We present a commentary of recent draft consultations by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence in England that set out how the role of paramedics may be evolving to assist with the changing demands on the clinical workforce. Using these consultations as a basis, we extend their recommendations and suggest that the profession should also lead the academically driven evaluation of these new roles.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675991/genetic-counseling-in-industry-settings-opportunities-in-the-era-of-precision-health
#15
Kirsty McWalter, Megan T Cho, Tara Hart, Rachel Nusbaum, Courtney Sebold, Sara Knapke, Rachel Klein, Bethany Friedman, Rebecca Willaert, Amanda Singleton, Leah Williams, Elizabeth Butler, Jane Juusola
The skill sets of genetic counselors are strongly utilized in industry, as evidenced by 20% of genetic counselors reporting employment within industry in 2016. In addition, industry genetic counselors are expanding their roles, taking on new responsibilities, and creating new opportunities. These advances have impacted the profession as a whole including, but not limited to, genetic counseling training curricula, a shift back to genetic counseling directly to patients, and a growing influence of genetic counselors on industry test offerings...
March 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659009/state-of-the-science-interprofessional-approaches-to-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#16
Timothy W Farrell, Marilyn K Luptak, Katherine P Supiano, James T Pacala, Rosalind De Lisser
Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential to develop the healthcare workforce of the future. Geriatrics healthcare professionals have long championed innovations in IPE and patient care, but there is increased urgency to address challenges in aging, dementia, and geriatric mental health in America. In 2010, the Partnership for Health in Aging multidisciplinary competencies and a related position statement in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society addressed interdisciplinary team (IDT) training in geriatrics...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629699/interprofessional-education-an-approach-to-improve-healthcare-outcomes
#17
Rajiv Mahajan, Ciraj Ali Mohammed, Monika Sharma, Piyush Gupta, Tejinder Singh
Interprofessional education (IPE) approach allows learners from different health professions viz. - medical, dental, nursing, physiotherapy, psychotherapy, psychology etc., learn from, learn with, and learn about, each other. The scope of learning depends upon the requirements and curriculum. Interprofessional education can help in creating a workforce that learns to perform collaborative practice thereby ensuring better health-care outcomes. Medical educators' and practitioners' understanding about teaching, learning, and assessment of IPE is rudimentary...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623571/introducing-students-of-color-to-health-sciences-research-an-evaluation-of-the-health-disparities-summer-internship-program
#18
Nicole A McLean, Marilyn Fraser, Nicole A Primus, Michael A Joseph
The goal of this analysis is to assess the effectiveness of a summer program designed to introduce high school students of color to health disparities research. A total of 73 students (69.9% Black, 68.5% female and 80.6% either junior/senior) participated in the 4-week Health Disparities Summer Internship Program (HDSIP) during the years 2012-2015. Students attended lectures covering topics such as health disparities, community-based participatory research (CBPR), immigrant health, and policy and advocacy. While working with community-based organizations, students gained hands-on experience related to issues discussed in class...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615052/the-trend-and-features-of-physician-workforce-supply-in-china-after-national-medical-licensing-system-reform
#19
Chengxiang Tang, Daisheng Tang
BACKGROUND: The annual number of newly licensed physicians is an important indicator of medical workforce supply, which can accurately reflect an inflow into the health care market over a period. In order to both regulate medical professions and improve the quality of health care services, China established its medical licensing system from the point of the implementation of 'Law on Practising Doctors' in 1999. The objective of this study is to depict the trend and structure of newly licensed physicians thereafter...
April 3, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603250/what-factors-influence-time-use-of-occupational-therapists-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Bianca E Summers, Kate E Laver, Rebecca J Nicks, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND: Health-care expenditure is rapidly increasing in Australia with increasing pressure on health-care services to review processes, improve efficiency and ensure equity in service delivery. The nursing profession have improved efficiency and patient care by investigating time-use to describe current practice and support development of workforce planning models. There is, however, a lack of information to understand factors that impact on occupational therapists time-use in the clinical setting impacting the development of workforce planning models which adapt occupational therapy service delivery to match resources with demand...
March 30, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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