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Stefan Wesołowski, Piotr W Boros, Tomasz Dębowski
INTRODUCTION: In 2011 new classification for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was introduced, which are not based on the extent of airflow limitation alone, but also on symptoms and risk of exacerbation. The objective of our work was to present the characteristics of COPD patients according to the GOLD 2011 categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed with the participation of 411 specialists in pneumonology or allergology all over from Poland...
2014: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Justyna Fijołek, Elżbieta Wiatr, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Iwona Bestry, Renata Langfort, Małgorzata Polubiec-Kownacka, Jacek Prokopowicz, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Śliż
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease characterised by the abnormal accumulation of surfactant-like material in macrophages within the alveolar spaces and distal bronchioles. The course of the disease is variable and the prognosis is often good. However, progressive disease in some patients can cause respiratory dysfunction and can be life threatening. In this situation, the only effective treatment is whole lung lavage. The objective of the study was to present the characteristics and the course of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in our own material, the diagnostic methods used, the indications for treatment and the treatment efficacy...
2014: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Monika Szturmowicz, Urszula Demkow, Monika Franczuk, Elżbieta Puścińska, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Paweł Górski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Iwona Patyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
A Dansou, L Groussin, C Gaborit, A Touraine, E Blanchet, L Laporte, C Jouneau, E Pennamen, B Maino
INTRODUCTION: How do residents, specialists or general practitioners advise patients who are smokers when they are admitted to hospital? Do they assess their smoking status? How much do they know about smoking cessation? Do they know the tests essential to allow an effective approach to smokers? METHODS: One hundred and forty-nine residents were approached over a nine-month period by three pharmacy students. The questionnaire addressed the assessment of smokers and the possible management of their quitting process: the average time devoted to tobacco cessation, knowledge of "brief smoking cessation advice", assessment of nicotine addiction and motivation to quit as well as detection of withdrawal symptoms, knowledge of the list of nicotine substitutes prescribed by the Tours CHRU, and referral of smokers to a smoking cessation specialist...
September 2012: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Krzysztof Karwat
UNLABELLED: The number of deaths (188 in total; 102 male, 86 female) noted in the Department of Pneumonology, Medical University of Warsaw in 2010 was the highest in the University Hospital. The mortality rate was 4.7% and this ranked us fifth in our hospital. The aim of the study was to analyze the causes of death and the incidence of comorbidities known to influence the overall mortality in the hospital setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 188 patients who had died in our Department in 2010...
April 2012: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
B Rehbock, K Hofmann-Preiß, T Kraus
The recognition of asbestos-related diseases of the lung and/or pleura as an occupational disease is of psychosocial, medical and legal importance to the insured person. Radiological imaging is an essential part of the assessment and requires an increasingly high level of competence in the field of radiological diagnosis of pneumoconiosis in interdisciplinary collaboration with occupational medicine and pneumonology. The chest radiogram remains an integral part of basic diagnostic procedures in asbestos-related diseases of the lungs and/or pleura...
May 2012: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Renata Rubinsztajn, Ryszarda Chazan
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a fourth cause of death in USA and is expected to be the third cause of death by year 2020. It is believed that some diseases like cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, cachexia, anaemia are systemic consequences of COPD. Some data show that the co-morbidities are more frequent in severe COPD patients than in control groups and are associated with the serious health outcomes. It is debated whether extra pulmonary comorbidities or pulmonary complications are the main reason of death in COPD...
2011: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Anna Dagmara Bareła-Malczewska, Ryszarda Chazan
Induced sputum is a valuable tool enabling thorough evaluation of respiratory system, and it has been increasingly used in pneumonology. The article presents the mechanism of sputum induction and basic differences between induced sputum and BALF. The usefulness of induced sputum in modern oncology and microbiology is discussed, from diagnosing lung cancer and tuberculosis to assessment and monitoring of respiratory tract bacterial flora in chronic lung diseases. The authors describe the role of sputum cell count and fluid-phase analysis in various conditions, like asthma, COPD, non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) and interstitial lung diseases, as well as in estimating occupational exposure for diagnosing occupational respiratory disorders...
February 2011: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tadeusz M Zielonka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2010: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Mary Geitona, Magdalini Hatzikou, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Demosthenes Bouros
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization attributed to severe exacerbations is the major cost driver of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Given that in Greece no previous studies have addressed the economic burden of COPD, the aim of the study was to examine the hospitalization cost of COPD patients with severe exacerbations in the region of Thrace. METHODS: Sample consisted of 142 COPD patients with severe exacerbations who were admitted to the pneumonology department of the University Teaching Hospital of Alexandroupolis (UTHA) in 2006 and 2007...
March 2011: Respiratory Medicine
B García Robredo, M A Calleja Hernández, M I Luque Vega, R Ubago Pérez, M J Faus Dáder
OBJECTIVE: Measure the degree of compliance of prescriptions given to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) patients upon hospital discharge by comparing them to international recommendations. Identify factors that influence the degree of compliance. Evaluate the effect of that degree of compliance on the number of COPD exacerbations. METHOD: Retrospective observational study. We selected all episodes identified as COPD in a tertiary hospital during 2006...
July 2010: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Tadeusz Pietras, Andrzej Witusik, Michał Panek, Monika Hołub, Piotr Gałecki, Radosław Wujcik, Paweł Górski
UNLABELLED: Obstructive disorders (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are associated with considerable emotional burden of the patient, with may result in the development of mood disturbances and anxiety disorders. However, the literature data are contradictory. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between subjective and objective obstruction symptoms and the intensity of anxiety as a condition, as well as estimation of the intensity of anxiety and depression in patients suffering from obstructive syndromes...
June 2009: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Joanna Domagała-Kulawik, Tadeusz M Zielonka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2009: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
A Karakatsani, D Papakosta, A Rapti, K M Antoniou, M Dimadi, A Markopoulou, P Latsi, V Polychronopoulos, G Birba, Labrakis Ch, D Bouros et al.
INTRODUCTION: Few data are available on the epidemiology of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), especially after the current classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. The aim of this study is to provide data on the epidemiology of ILDs in Greece, under the ATS/ERS international consensus. METHODS: Departments of Pneumonology were contacted and asked to complete a questionnaire for every case of ILD that was alive on 2004 as well as for every new case from 1st January 2004 to 31st December 2004...
August 2009: Respiratory Medicine
Elena Lobo, Peter de Jonge, Frits J Huyse, María-Jose Rabanaque, Javier Suárez, Antonio Lobo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to verify whether it is possible to detect at hospital admission, by means of INTERMED, pneumonology patients at risk of "complexity" and of specialized psychosocial intervention. PATIENTS AND METHOD: With the Spanish version of INTERMED (for detection of risk for complexity of care) 144 patients were interviewed at admission by a standardized nurse. At discharge, patients were reassessed blindly with standardized Spanish versions of instruments including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 29, 2008: Medicina Clínica
R Cicero, H Olivera, A Hernández-Solis, E Ramírez-Casanova, A Escobar-Gutiérrez
Mycobacterium bovis can be an important etiological agent for extrapulmonary (EP) manifestations of tuberculosis, especially in HIV-infected persons. From January 2000 to December 2003, M. bovis as a cause of EP tuberculosis was investigated at the Pneumonology Service, Hospital General de Mexico, Mexico City. Eighty HIV-positive (HIV+) patients and 83 HIV-negative (HIV-) with EP involvement (ganglionar, genitourinary, meningeal, cutaneous, peritoneal, and pericardial) were analyzed using clinical, immunological, bacteriological, histopathological, and molecular biology methods...
May 2009: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Magdalena Włodarczyk
Stanisław Kuczborski was born in Lódź on January 31, 1912. In 1937, he got his medical degree at the Medical Department of the Warsaw University. Afterwards, he was employed in a sanitarium in Otwock near Warsaw. As a physician, he was a pulmonary and phtysiatric consultant. After Second World War, Kuczborski performed many managerial duties in Lódź. In the 1950s, he was Deputy Director of the Tuberculosis Institute in Warsaw. He held foreign (Denmark, France) scientific internships and was a member of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease in Paris...
March 2008: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Grazyna M Osiadło, Joanna E Dzierzega
UNLABELLED: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the disease in which reduced airflow through airways is observed, usually of progressive nature and not completely reversible, is mainly caused by smoking. It is the forth cause of death worldwide which leads to death of nearly 3 millions persons per year. Obturation of bronchial tree as well as pulmonary parenchyma lesion caused by chronic inflammation process results in considerable limitation of patients' functional capacity and worsening of their physical activity...
2007: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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