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Marijuana oil

Zhu Zhang, Xiaolong Zheng, Daniel Dajun Zeng, Scott J Leischow
BACKGROUND: Dabbing is an emerging method of marijuana ingestion. However, little is known about dabbing owing to limited surveillance data on dabbing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze Google search data to assess the scope and breadth of information seeking on dabbing. METHODS: Google Trends data about dabbing and related topics (eg, electronic nicotine delivery system [ENDS], also known as e-cigarettes) in the United States between January 2004 and December 2015 were collected by using relevant search terms such as "dab rig...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Vincent Varlet, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Aurélie Berthet, Grégory Plateel, Bernard Favrat, Mariangela De Cesare, Estelle Lauer, Marc Augsburger, Aurélien Thomas, Christian Giroud
Therapeutic cannabis administration is increasingly used in Western countries due to its positive role in several pathologies. Dronabinol or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) pills, ethanolic cannabis tinctures, oromucosal sprays or table vaporizing devices are available but other cannabinoids forms can be used. Inspired by the illegal practice of dabbing of butane hashish oil (BHO), cannabinoids from cannabis were extracted with butane gas, and the resulting concentrate (BHO) was atomized with specific vaporizing devices...
May 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kathleen S Romanowski, Alura Barsun, Peter Kwan, Esther H Teo, Tina L Palmieri, Soman Sen, Pirko Maguina, David G Greenhalgh
With the legalization of marijuana in four states, and decriminalization in many others, marijuana is becoming easier to obtain. The authors have experienced an increase in burn injuries related to the production of butane hash oil (BHO; a concentrated tetrahydrocannabinol product produced by the distillation of marijuana plant products with pressurized butane). This article updates our experience and highlights the increasing public health problem associated with these burns. Charts of patients who presented to the burn center with suspicion of BHO-related injuries between January 2007 and December 2014 were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
David A Elliott, Nima Nabavizadeh, Jeanna L Romer, Yiyi Chen, John M Holland
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to better understand why patients with history of head and neck cancer (HNC) treated with radiotherapy are using medical marijuana (MM). METHODS: Established HNC quality of life questionnaires and our own MM quality of life questionnaire were sent to 15 HNC patients treated at our institution who reported using MM. Patients are clinically disease free and currently using MM to manage long-term side effects after curative HNC treatment...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Corey J Keller, Evan C Chen, Kimberly Brodsky, Jong H Yoon
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is one of the most widely used controlled substances in the United States. Despite extensive research on smoked marijuana, little is known regarding the potential psychotropic effects of marijuana 'wax', a high potency form of marijuana that is gaining in popularity. CASE: We present a case of 'Mr. B,' a 34 year veteran who presented with profound psychosis in the setting of recent initiation of heavy, daily marijuana wax use. He exhibited incoherent speech and odd behaviors, and appeared to be in a dream-like state with perseverating thoughts about his combat experience...
January 28, 2016: Substance Abuse
Scott Shannon, Janet Opila-Lehman
This case study illustrates the use of cannabidiol (CBD) oil to decrease the addictive use of marijuana and provide anxiolytic and sleep benefits. Addiction to marijuana is a chronic, relapsing disorder, which is becoming a prevalent condition in the United States. The most abundant compound in the marijuana, which is called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), has been widely studied and known for its psychoactive properties. The second most abundant component-CBD-has been suggested to have the medicinal effects of decreasing anxiety, improving sleep, and other neuro-protective effects...
December 2015: Integrative Medicine
Bryan Lee Miller, John M Stogner, J Mitchell Miller
The practice of "dabbing" has seen an apparent upswing in popularity in recent months within American drug subcultures. "Dabbing" refers to the use of butane-extracted marijuana products that offer users much higher tetrahydrocannabinol content than flower cannabis through a single dosage process. Though considerably more potent than most marijuana strains in their traditional form, these butane hash oil products and the practice of dabbing are underexplored in the empirical literature, especially in prohibition states...
January 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Meghan E Morean, Grace Kong, Deepa R Camenga, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is increasing rapidly among high school (HS) students. Of concern, e-cigarettes can be used to vaporize cannabis, although use rates among adolescents are unknown. We evaluated lifetime rates of using e-cigarettes to vaporize cannabis among all lifetime e-cigarette users (27.9%), all lifetime cannabis users (29.2%), and lifetime users of both e-cigarettes and cannabis (18.8%); common means of vaporizing cannabis including hash oil, wax infused with Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and dried cannabis; and demographic predictors of using e-cigarettes to vaporize cannabis...
October 2015: Pediatrics
Raminta Daniulaityte, Ramzi W Nahhas, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Robert G Carlson, Francois R Lamy, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, G Alan Smith, Amit Sheth
AIMS: Media reports suggest increasing popularity of marijuana concentrates ("dabs"; "earwax"; "budder"; "shatter; "butane hash oil") that are typically vaporized and inhaled via a bong, vaporizer or electronic cigarette. However, data on the epidemiology of marijuana concentrate use remain limited. This study aims to explore Twitter data on marijuana concentrate use in the U.S. and identify differences across regions of the country with varying cannabis legalization policies. METHODS: Tweets were collected between October 20 and December 20, 2014, using Twitter's streaming API...
October 1, 2015: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Christian Giroud, Mariangela de Cesare, Aurélie Berthet, Vincent Varlet, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Bernard Favrat
The emergence of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) has given cannabis smokers a new method of inhaling cannabinoids. E-cigs differ from traditional marijuana cigarettes in several respects. First, it is assumed that vaporizing cannabinoids at lower temperatures is safer because it produces smaller amounts of toxic substances than the hot combustion of a marijuana cigarette. Recreational cannabis users can discretely "vape" deodorized cannabis extracts with minimal annoyance to the people around them and less chance of detection...
August 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cameron Bell, Jessica Slim, Hanna K Flaten, Gordon Lindberg, Wiktor Arek, Andrew A Monte
Butane hash oil (BHO), also known as "amber," "dab," "glass," "honey," "shatter," or "wax," is a potent marijuana concentrate, containing up to 90 % tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). BHO is easily manufactured using highly volatile butane as a solvent. Our objective was to characterize hydrocarbon burns associated with BHO manufacture in Colorado. This was a cross-sectional study utilizing the National Burn Repository to capture all hydrocarbon burns reported to the local burn center from January 1st, 2008, through August 31st, 2014...
December 2015: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
David Gloss
Cannabis is a genus of annual flowering plant. Cannabis is often divided into 3 species-Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis-but there is significant disagreement about this, and some consider them subspecies of the same parent species. Cannabis sativa can grow to 5-18 feet or more, and often has a few branches. Cannabis indica typically grows 2-4 feet tall and is compactly branched. Cannabis ruderalis contains very low levels of Δ-9-tetrahyocannabinol so is rarely grown by itself. Cannabis ruderalis flowers as a result of age, not light conditions, which is called autoflowering...
October 2015: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Jean-Francois Etter
AIMS: To describe cannabis 'vaping' with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or electronic vaporizers (e-vaporizers). METHODS: Internet survey in 2013-2014. Participants were 11 people who 'vaped' cannabis with e-cigarettes and 44 people who vaped cannabis with e-vaporizers, enrolled online. RESULTS: Most participants were men (78%). They had used e-cigarettes for 6 days and e-vaporizers for 50 days on average to vape cannabis. Current users of e-cigarettes vaped cannabis on 2 days/week versus 6 days/week for users of e-vaporizers...
2015: European Addiction Research
Timothy E Welty, Adrienne Luebke, Barry E Gidal
Over the past few years, increasing public and political pressure has supported legalization of medical marijuana. One of the main thrusts in this effort has related to the treatment of refractory epilepsy-especially in children with Dravet syndrome-using cannabidiol (CBD). Despite initiatives in numerous states to at least legalize possession of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, little published evidence is available to prove or disprove the efficacy and safety of CBD in patients with epilepsy. This review highlights some of the basic science theory behind the use of CBD, summarizes published data on clinical use of CBD for epilepsy, and highlights issues related to the use of currently available CBD products...
September 2014: Epilepsy Currents
Mallory Loflin, Mitch Earleywine
UNLABELLED: A new method for administering cannabinoids, called butane hash oil ("dabs"), is gaining popularity among marijuana users. Despite press reports that suggest that "dabbing" is riskier than smoking flower cannabis, no data address whether dabs users experience more problems from use than those who prefer flower cannabis. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to gather preliminary information on dabs users and test whether dabs use is associated with more problems than using flower cannabis...
October 2014: Addictive Behaviors
Zana Bruci, Ioannis Papoutsis, Sotirios Athanaselis, Panagiota Nikolaou, Ermira Pazari, Chara Spiliopoulou, Gentian Vyshka
Cannabis products (marijuana, hashish, cannabis oil) are the most frequently abused illegal substances worldwide. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa plant, whereas cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) are other major but no psychoactive constituents. Many studies have already been carried out on these compounds and chemical research was encouraged due to the legal implications concerning the misuse of marijuana. The aim of this study was to determine THC, CBD and CBN in a significant number of cannabis samples of Albanian origin, where cannabis is the most frequently used drug of abuse, in order to evaluate and classify them according to their cannabinoid composition...
October 10, 2012: Forensic Science International
William James Maloney
The illicit use of the three main forms of cannabis--marijuana, hash, hash oil--pose certain obstacles and challenges to the dental professional. There are a number of systemic, as well as oral/head and neck manifestations, associated with cannabis use. Dentists need to be aware of these manifestations in order to take whatever precautions and/or modifications to the proposed treatment that might be necessary.
January 2012: Today's FDA: Official Monthly Journal of the Florida Dental Association
William James Maloney
The illicit use of the three main forms of cannabis--marijuana, hash, hash oil--pose certain obstacles and challenges to the dental professional. There are a number of systemic, as well as oral/head and neck manifestations, associated with cannabis use. Dentists need to be aware of these manifestations in order to take whatever precautions and/or modifications to the proposed treatment that might be necessary.
November 2011: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
Harm van Bakel, Jake M Stout, Atina G Cote, Carling M Tallon, Andrew G Sharpe, Timothy R Hughes, Jonathan E Page
BACKGROUND: Cannabis sativa has been cultivated throughout human history as a source of fiber, oil and food, and for its medicinal and intoxicating properties. Selective breeding has produced cannabis plants for specific uses, including high-potency marijuana strains and hemp cultivars for fiber and seed production. The molecular biology underlying cannabinoid biosynthesis and other traits of interest is largely unexplored. RESULTS: We sequenced genomic DNA and RNA from the marijuana strain Purple Kush using shortread approaches...
2011: Genome Biology
William James Maloney
The illicit use of the three main forms of cannabis-marijuana, hash, hash oil-pose certain obstacles and challenges to the dental professional. There are a number of systemic, as well as oral/head and neck manifestations, associated with cannabis use. Dentists need to be aware of these manifestations in order to take whatever precautions and/or modifications to the proposed treatment that might be necessary.
April 2011: New York State Dental Journal
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