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gastro and hepato

Poonam Negi, Charul Rathore, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh Bhoop, Om Prakash Katare
From the past few decades, remarkable awareness has been laid on the use of herbal medicines in pharmaceutical research. Thymoquinone (TQ), the main chemical constituent of Nigella sativa (NS) plant has been extensively explored and revealed an array of therapeutic benefits in different in vitro and in vivo conditions. This review provides brief outline of the diverse therapeutics actions of TQ and NS viz. anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, gastro-protective, hepato-protective, anti-microbial and anti-histaminic...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
Yahaya Gavamukulya, Fred Wamunyokoli, Hany A El-Shemy
Annona muricata (A. muricata) is a tropical plant species belonging to family Annonaceae and known for its many medicinal uses. This review focuses on the research history of its traditional uses, phytochemicals, pharmacological activities, toxicological aspects of the extracts and isolated compounds, as well as the in vitro propagation studies with the objective of stimulating further studies on this plant for human consumption and treatment. A. muricata extracts have been identified in tropical regions to traditionally treat diverse conditions ranging from fever to diabetes and cancer...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
H R H Mohamed, S R Hamad
Aspirin (acetyl salicylic acid) is used worldwide to treat various inflammatory conditions and prevent cardiovascular disease, along with reducing the risk of cancer. However, administration of aspirin causes toxic effects, especially in the stomach and liver. Thus, our study examined the protective effect of wheat germ oil on aspirin-induced toxicity in the stomach and liver tissues of Swiss albino mice. Administration of wheat germ oil before aspirin has restored normal hepatic and gastric tissue architecture and DNA integrity has become better than that of a negative health control group compared with the aspirin only treated group...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Hira Ijaz, Ume Ruqia Tulain, Junaid Qureshi, Zeeshan Danish, Samina Musayab, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Ammara Saleem, Khanzada Khanzada Khan, Muhammad Zaman, Imran Waheed, Imran Khan, Mohamed Abdel-Daim
The present report is a significant effort to explore detail description of N. Sativa, its pharmacognostic characteristics, morphological characteristics, and mechanism of actions, doses and medicinal uses. Nigella sativa (N. Sativa) is greatest form of healing medicine. It is also known as Prophetic Medicine as its use has been mentioned in Prophetic Hadit, as natural remedy for all the diseases except death. It is recommended on daily basis in Tibb-e-Nabwi (Prophetic Medicine). Hazrat Abu Hurairah States ''I have heard from Rasool Allah (PBUH) that there is cure for every disease in black seeds except death and black seeds are shooneeze''...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Agostino Colli, Juan Cristóbal Gana, Jason Yap, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Natalie Rashkovan, Simon C Ling, Giovanni Casazza
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend screening of people with oesophageal varices via oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy at the time of diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis. This requires that people repeatedly undergo unpleasant invasive procedures with their attendant risks, although half of these people have no identifiable oesophageal varices 10 years after the initial diagnosis of cirrhosis. Platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio are non-invasive tests proposed as triage tests for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices...
April 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lokadolalu Chandracharya Prasanna, Rohini Alva, Guruprasad Kaltur Sneha, Kumar M R Bhat
Multiple anomalies in the celiac arterial system presents as rare vascular malformations, depicting deviations of the normal vascular developmental pattern. We found a common left gastro-phrenic trunk and a hepato-spleno-mesenteric trunk arising separately from the abdominal aorta in one cadaver. We also found a common hepatic artery and a gastro-splenic trunk arising individually from the abdominal aorta in another cadaver. Even though many variations in the celiac trunk have been described earlier, the complex variations described here are not mentioned and classified by earlier literature...
January 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Fabrice Vultaggio, Pierre-Henri Morère, Christophe Constantin, Michel Christodoulou, Didier Roulin
Hemobilia is an uncommon and potential life-threatening condition mainly due to hepato-biliary tree traumatic or iatrogenic injuries. Spontaneously ruptured aneurysm of the hepatic artery is seldom described. We report the case of an 89-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain, jaundice and gastrointestinal bleeding, whose ultrasound and computed tomography revealed a non-traumatic, spontaneous aneurysm of the right hepatic artery. The oeso-gastro-duodenoscopy and colonoscopy did not reveal any bleeding at the ampulla of Vater, nor anywhere else...
June 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Dominika Suchecka, Joanna Harasym, Jacek Wilczak, Joanna Gromadzka-Ostrowska
Protective and antioxidant properties of highly purified oat β-glucans of high and low molecular weight in liver and stomach were evaluated. The novelty in approach was to determine whether dietary β-glucans affect the parameters of oxidative stress directly in the stomach and indirectly in the liver, especially in inflammation states. Physicochemical properties e.g. viscoelastic was found as strictly dependent from molecular weight of oat β-glucans hence its metabolic activity could also show dependence...
October 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yu V Dumanskiy, V A Stepko, O V Sinyachenko
Abstract The factors, determining possibility of early postoperative morbidity occurrence in patients, suffering gastro-esophageal zone cancer, were analyzed. After radical operation performance (gastrectomy, gastric and esophageal resection) 5.7% patients died. Insufficience of the anastomosis sutures with peritonitis occurrence, an acute hepato-renal insufficience, an acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary thromboembolism, pneumonia, the brain insult, pancreonecrosis and mesenterial thrombosis constituted the main morbidities...
February 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Arunav Sharma, Shantanu Kumar Sahu, Mayank Nautiyal, Navneet Jain
BACKGROUND: Treatment of a number of complications that occur after abdominal surgeries may require that Urgent Relaparotomy (UR), the life-saving and obligatory operations, are performed. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the reasons for performing URs, their outcomes and factors that affect mortality. METHODS: Observational, Prospective Study. The study included all the patients who underwent urgent re-laparotomy following laparotomy (emergency, elective) in Himalayan Hospital from 01...
January 2016: Chirurgia
Tamás Sztipits, Péter Mészáros, Zsolt Dubóczki, Ádám Tarpay, Tamás Mersich
UNLABELLED: A 35-year-old female presented with epigastric symptoms and fatigue. Gastroscopy revealed a 2 cm ulcerated lesion in the antrum region. Biopsy confirmed an invasive intestinal type adenocc. Staging CT and EUS: cT2cN0cM0. Laparoscopic subtotal gastric resection + modified D2 lymphadenectomy was performed with Roux-en-Y reconstruction of the alimentary tract. Mobilisation of the duodenum and stomach was performed with a 5 mm Ligasure. Distal and proximal resection was performed using Endo GIA 60 mm staplers...
December 2015: Magyar Sebészet
Seema Awasthi, Manoj Saxena, Faiyaz Ahmad, Ashutosh Kumar, Shyamoli Dutta
BACKGROUND: Abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is the sixth most common form of extra-pulmonary site of infection after lymphatic, genitourinary, bone and joint, miliary and meningeal TB with a rising incidence in recent years. TB can affect any part of the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract including anus, peritoneum and hepato-biliary system. The clinical manifestations of abdominal tuberculosis are non-specific and mimic various GI disorders and cause delay in diagnosis and management. AIM: To evaluate the various clinical, radiological and microbiological findings of abdominal tuberculosis and to define the role of histopathological examination in establishing the diagnosis in resource poor settings and to analyze the compliance and response to anti-tubercular treatment...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Agostino Colli, Juan Cristóbal Gana, Dan Turner, Jason Yap, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Simon C Ling, Giovanni Casazza
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend performance of oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy at the time of diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis to screen for oesophageal varices. These guidelines require people to undergo an unpleasant invasive procedure repeatedly with its attendant risks, despite the fact that half of the people do not have identifiable oesophageal varices 10 years after the initial diagnosis of cirrhosis. Video capsule endoscopy is a non-invasive test proposed as an alternative method for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices...
October 1, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Daniel C Medina, Ricardo Osorno, Cherif N Boutros
Von Hippel-Lindau is a genetic syndrome, comprising several variant mutations on chromosome 3, that predisposes patients to the development of benign and malignant tumors. Tough relatively common, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) with associated hepato-biliary and gastric outlet obstruction, and portal hypertension consequent to the mass effect of a pancreatic serous cystadenoma is a rare scenario. This manuscript reports a 41-year-old female with the aforementioned presentation who successfully underwent a palliative cholecysto- and a gastro-jejunostomy...
April 2014: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
I Bricault
Exploration of biliary obstruction may involve many imaging methods and a large number of people. Radiologists, hepato-gastro-enterologists and surgeons may examine using ultrasound, CT, MRI, endoscopic ultrasonography, and percutaneous, intraoperative or endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. Interpreting radiological examinations and choosing an optimal strategy can be difficult. The aim of this paper is therefore: to explain how to explore a clinical and laboratory picture of biliary obstruction using imaging, by presenting its main causes, the methods of exploring them and their radiological signs; to suggest suitable exploration strategies; and to illustrate some of the traps that can make it difficult to diagnose the cause of the obstruction...
July 2013: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Aftab Ahmad, Asif Husain, Mohd Mujeeb, Shah Alam Khan, Abul Kalam Najmi, Nasir Ali Siddique, Zoheir A Damanhouri, Firoz Anwar
Nigella sativa (N. sativa) (Family Ranunculaceae) is a widely used medicinal plant throughout the world. It is very popular in various traditional systems of medicine like Unani and Tibb, Ayurveda and Siddha. Seeds and oil have a long history of folklore usage in various systems of medicines and food. The seeds of N. sativa have been widely used in the treatment of different diseases and ailments. In Islamic literature, it is considered as one of the greatest forms of healing medicine. It has been recommended for using on regular basis in Tibb-e-Nabwi (Prophetic Medicine)...
May 2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Yoshio Yamaura
The incidence of mushroom poisoning was studied statistically from 2001 to 2010 in Japan. The total incident of mushroom poisoning was 569 cases, which involved 1,920 patients and 10 deaths. The average incident was 56.9 cases per year, involving 192 patients and 1 death. On regional differences, the mushroom poisoning was more frequent in the northeastern part of Japan. The rate of total incidents for each type of poisoning, which were classified according to symptoms caused, 54.6% in the type of gastro-intestinal disorder, 11...
March 2013: Chūdoku Kenkyū: Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi, the Japanese Journal of Toxicology
S A Matveeva
Lipid-protein relationships were studied in 155 men and women (mean age 48/9 +/ -0.6 years) with CHD (stable angina of effort) and MS. The frequency of concomitant arterial hypertension in men/women was 100%, aortic atherosclerosis 49.7/24.5%, athersclerosis of lower leg arteries 14.8/0%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 27.7/5.2%, locomotor disorders 25.8/14.8%, hepato-biliary diseases 24.5/17.4%, gastro-duodenal disorders 16.8/3.2%, hepatic problems 10.5/26.7%. Heterogeneity of lipid-protein homeostasis was documented...
2012: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
Hiroto Kobayashi, Saori Yoshida, Ying-Jie Sun, Nobuyuki Shirasawa, Akira Naito
Mammalian liver is an estrogen-responsive tissue mediated by hepatic estrogen receptors. Although Ueyama et al. (Endocrinology 143:3162-3170, 2002) have reported the presence of aromatase and active production of gastric 17β-estradiol in parietal cells, there are a few studies on gastric 17β-estradiol exploring the relationship between gastro-hepato function and the gastro-pituitary-gonadal axis. The alteration of gastric 17β-estradiol flow into the systemic circulation by portal vein ligation (PVL) or partial hepatectomy (PH), and the effect of gastric 17β-estradiol on the pituitary function was investigated...
February 2013: Endocrine
Takuya Osada
Non-invasive measurement of splanchnic hemodynamics has been utilized in the clinical setting for diagnosis of gastro-intestinal disease, and for determining reserve blood flow (BF) distribution. However, previous studies that measured BF in a "single vessel with small size volume", such as the superior mesenteric and coeliac arteries, were concerned solely with the target organ in the gastrointestinal area, and therefore evaluation of alterations in these single arterial BFs under various states was sometimes limited to "small blood volumes", even though there was a relatively large change in flow...
March 26, 2012: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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