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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541787/ethics-and-oncofertility-a-call-for-religious-sensitivity
#1
Michele R Hanselin, Deborah L Roybal, Thomas B Leininger
For patients of reproductive age, treating cancer may come at the price of infertility. Literature regarding fertility preservation recommendations in this population has increased significantly, but this literature too often overlooks or insufficiently considers the relevance of religious preferences. Similarly, practice guidelines do not address the role of religion in the oncofertility discussion. The acceptance of oncofertility practices varies significantly among Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. A patient's faith-based spirituality or secular morality may enhance his or her interpretation of the meaning of illness and should be incorporated into the informed-consent process...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541104/from-staff-nurse-to-nurse-consultant-spiritual-care-part-2-holistic-health-and-religion
#2
John Fowler
John Fowler, educational consultant and part-time university chaplain, examines the role of clinically based nurses in caring for the spiritual needs of patients.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538056/engaging-all-employees-in-efforts-to-achieve-high-reliability
#3
Anne Marie Benedicto
DRAMATIC AND NUMEROUS advances in science, technology, and medicine provide new opportunities to keep people healthy as well as to diagnose, treat, and cure disease. Unfortunately, increasing complexity increases opportunities for mistakes and errors, particularly in healthcare organizations as they struggle to prevent patient harm (). Safety problems persist and harm to patients continues despite widespread attention to the need for improvement ().An engaged and empowered workforce is critical to improving the patient experience, improving health outcomes, and correcting unsafe conditions ()...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535117/evaluation-of-a-chaplain-residency-program-and-its-partnership-with-an-in-patient-palliative-care-team
#4
Elizabeth Jackson-Jordan, Cynthia Stafford, Sara V Stratton, TeresaMarie T Vilagos, Angela Janssen Keenan, Greg Hathaway
In 2009 a Consensus Conference of experts in the field of spiritual care and palliative care recommended the inclusion of Board-certified professional chaplains with at least 1,600 hours of clinical pastoral education as members of palliative care teams. This study evaluates a clinical pastoral education residency program's effectiveness in preparing persons to provide spiritual care for those with serious illness and in increasing the palliative care team members' understanding of the chaplain as part of the palliative care team...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526912/moral-injury-and-definitional-clarity-betrayal-spirituality-and-the-role-of-chaplains
#5
Timothy J Hodgson, Lindsay B Carey
This article explores the developing definition of moral injury within the current key literature. Building on the previous literature regarding 'Moral Injury, Spiritual Care and the role of Chaplains' (Carey et al. in JORH 55(4):1218-1245, 2016b. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x ), this article notes the complexity that has developed due to definitional variations regarding moral injury-particularly with respect to the concepts of 'betrayal' and 'spirituality'. Given the increasing recognition of moral injury and noting the relevance and importance of utilizing a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, this article argues that betrayal and spirituality should be core components for understanding, defining and addressing moral injury...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471883/educational-kiosk-for-continuing-education-on-pressure-injuries
#6
Valérie Chaplain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469429/a-machine-learning-approach-to-evaluating-illness-induced-religious-struggle
#7
Joshua Glauser, Brian Connolly, Paul Nash, Daniel H Grossoehme
Religious or spiritual struggles are clinically important to health care chaplains because they are related to poorer health outcomes, involving both mental and physical health problems. Identifying persons experiencing religious struggle poses a challenge for chaplains. One potentially underappreciated means of triaging chaplaincy effort are prayers written in chapel notebooks. We show that religious struggle can be identified in these notebooks through instances of negative religious coping, such as feeling anger or abandonment toward God...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453358/bereavement-service-preferences-of-surviving-family-members-variation-among-next-of-kin-with-depression-and-complicated-grief
#8
Alissa Banyasz, Rachel Weiskittle, Amanda Lorenz, Lauren Goodman, Sharla Wells-Di Gregorio
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that bereavement services reduce distress and support adjustment in the bereaved, particularly those experiencing significant levels of depression or grief. However, the service use of bereaved individuals and whether utilization differs among those experiencing depression and complicated grief currently remain unclear. Research is needed to clarify the preferences of the bereaved, including specific bereaved subgroups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the bereavement service preferences of bereaved family members whose loved one died in the hospital and identify group differences in service use among individuals with and without depression and complicated grief, considering time since the death of the patient...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452365/pluronic-based-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-polyrotaxanes-for-treatment-of-niemann-pick-type-c-disease
#9
Christopher J Collins, Bradley P Loren, Md Suhail Alam, Yawo Mondjinou, Joseph L Skulsky, Cheyenne R Chaplain, Kasturi Haldar, David H Thompson
Niemann-Pick Type C disease (NPC) is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by disruption of normal cholesterol trafficking within the cells of the body. There are no FDA approved treatments available for NPC patients. Recently, the cycloheptaglucoside 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) has shown efficacy as a potential NPC therapeutic by extending lifetime in NPC mice, delaying neurodegeneration, and decreasing visceral and neurological cholesterol burden. Although promising, systemic HP-β-CD treatment is limited by a pharmacokinetic profile characterized by rapid loss through renal filtration...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444607/the-provision-of-spiritual-care-in-hospices-a-study-in-four-hospices-in-north-rhine-westphalia
#10
Andreas Walker, Christof Breitsameter
This article considers the role and the practices of spiritual care in hospices. While spiritual care was firmly established as one of the four pillars of practical hospice care alongside medical, psychological and social care by Cicely Saunders, the importance and functions of spiritual care in daily practice remain arguable. When speaking about spirituality, what are we actually speaking about? What form do the spiritual relations take between full-time staff and volunteers on the one hand, and the patients and their family members on the other? These were central questions of a qualitative study that we carried out in four hospices in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, to explore how spiritual care is provided in hospices and what significance spirituality has in hospices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441099/the-comprehensive-female-soldier-support-model
#11
Daniel L Roberts, Joann Kovacich, Melvin J Rivers
Women represent a small minority in the U.S. military and an even smaller minority in the military chaplaincy. Prior to this study, the U.S. Army chaplaincy did not have a gender-specific model for providing support to women soldiers. In this Delphi research project, wounded women soldiers and female military chaplains provided expert opinions to develop the comprehensive female soldier support model (CFS2). Ten military women and 11 female chaplains who had been deployed overseas contributed to the body of knowledge related to the understanding of the emotional and spiritual support needs of wounded female soldiers...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405746/structured-models-of-cell-migration-incorporating-molecular-binding-processes
#12
Pia Domschke, Dumitru Trucu, Alf Gerisch, Mark A J Chaplain
The dynamic interplay between collective cell movement and the various molecules involved in the accompanying cell signalling mechanisms plays a crucial role in many biological processes including normal tissue development and pathological scenarios such as wound healing and cancer. Information about the various structures embedded within these processes allows a detailed exploration of the binding of molecular species to cell-surface receptors within the evolving cell population. In this paper we establish a general spatio-temporal-structural framework that enables the description of molecular binding to cell membranes coupled with the cell population dynamics...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398144/social-workers-experiences-as-the-family-support-person-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-attempts
#13
Janice Firn, Keli DeVries, Dawnielle Morano, Toni Spano-English
During inhospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts, a designated family support person (FSP) may provide guidance and support to family members. Research on nurses and chaplains in this role has been published. Social workers also regularly fulfill this service, however, little is known about how they perceive and enact this role. To explore their experiences, qualitative interviews (n = 10) were conducted with FSP social workers. Critical realist thematic analysis identified five themes: walking in cold, promoting family presence, responding to the whole spectrum of grief, going beyond the family support role, and repercussions of bearing witness...
April 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394726/chaplaincy-visitation-and-spiritual-care-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#14
Melissa L Howell, Kristin Schwab, Alison M Ayres, Dean Shapley, Christopher D Anderson, M Edip Gurol, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, Jonathan Rosand, Joshua N Goldstein
To better understand factors influencing spiritual care during critical illness, we examined the use of spiritual care in patients hospitalized with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a frequently disabling and fatal disease. Specifically, the study was designed to examine which demographic and clinical characteristics were associated with chaplain visits to critically ill patients. The charts of consecutive adults (>18) with spontaneous ICH presenting to a single academic medical center between January 2014 and September 2015 were reviewed...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384002/in-the-chaplain-s-shadow
#15
David Shih Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358243/professional-quality-of-life-and-changes-in-spirituality-among-vha-chaplains-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#16
Wesley H McCormick, Timothy D Carroll, Brett A Slagel, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Joseph M Currier
A mixed method design was implemented to examine the spirituality and emotional well-being of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) chaplains and how potential changes in spirituality and emotional well-being may affect their professional quality of life. Four distinct categories of changes emerged from the narrative statements of a nationally representative sample of 267 VHA chaplains: (1) positive changes (e.g., increased empathy), (2) negative changes (e.g., dysthymic mood, questioning religious beliefs), (3) combination of positive and negative changes, and (4) no change (e...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347144/compassion-fatigue-among-palliative-care-clinicians
#17
Sean O'Mahony, Maisa Ziadni, Michael Hoerger, Stacie Levine, Aliza Baron, James Gerhart
OBJECTIVES: Palliative medicine is a rewarding field, but providers encounter patient trauma on a routine basis. Compassion fatigue, marked by burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and low satisfaction may result. However, professionals differ markedly in how they respond to patient trauma. The objective of the current study was to determine whether personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness relate to aspects of compassion fatigue, after accounting for time spent working in the field...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294021/assessing-the-spiritual-needs-of-patients
#18
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira
Assessing spirituality and the spiritual needs of patients is fundamental to providing effective spiritual care. This article, the second in a series of three, discusses the assessment of patients' spirituality and spiritual needs in healthcare settings. Several formal spiritual assessment tools are available to assist nurses to identify patients' spiritual needs and to determine whether they are experiencing spiritual distress. However, it may be more appropriate to assess patients' spirituality informally, by asking open questions about their spiritual beliefs and needs...
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280594/transparency-and-openness-in-science
#19
EDITORIAL
Jeremy Sanders, Jon Blundy, Anne Donaldson, Steve Brown, Rob Ivison, Miles Padgett, Kevin Padian, Katrin Rittinger, Kerry Rowe, Anthony Stace, Essi Viding, Chris Chambers, Mark Chaplain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253067/communication-challenges-and-strategies-of-u-s-health-professionals-caring-for-seriously-ill-south-asian-patients-and-their-families
#20
Nidhi Khosla, Karla T Washington, Sara Shaunfield, Rebecca Aslakson
BACKGROUND: While effective communication is important in the care of seriously ill patients, little is known about communication challenges faced by healthcare providers serving U.S. patients of South Asian origin, one of the fastest growing demographic groups in the United States. OBJECTIVE: Researchers sought to examine communication challenges faced by healthcare providers serving seriously ill South Asian patients and their families and present strategies recommended by providers for effective communication...
June 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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