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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#1
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640725/from-staff-nurse-to-nurse-consultant
#2
John Fowler
John Fowler, educational consultant and part-time university chaplain, examines the role of clinically based nurses in caring for the spiritual needs of patients who are Buddhists.
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636455/the-role-of-the-healthcare-chaplain-a-literature-review
#3
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
Healthcare chaplains operate in many healthcare sites internationally and yet their contribution is not always clearly understood by medical and healthcare staff. This review aims to explore the chaplains' role in healthcare, with a view to informing best practice in future healthcare chaplaincy. Overall the extent of the provision and staffing of chaplaincy service internationally is unclear. From this review, several key spiritual and pastoral roles in healthcare emerge including a potential contribution to ethical decision making at the end of life...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634857/computational-modelling-of-cancer-development-and-growth-modelling-at-multiple-scales-and-multiscale-modelling
#4
Zuzanna Szymańska, Maciej Cytowski, Elaine Mitchell, Cicely K Macnamara, Mark A J Chaplain
In this paper, we present two mathematical models related to different aspects and scales of cancer growth. The first model is a stochastic spatiotemporal model of both a synthetic gene regulatory network (the example of a three-gene repressilator is given) and an actual gene regulatory network, the NF-[Formula: see text]B pathway. The second model is a force-based individual-based model of the development of a solid avascular tumour with specific application to tumour cords, i.e. a mass of cancer cells growing around a central blood vessel...
June 20, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632083/patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-spiritual-care-as-delivered-by-chaplains
#5
Austyn Snowden, Iain Telfer
Chaplains are employed by health organizations around the world to support patients in recognizing and addressing their spiritual needs. There is currently no generalizable measure of the impact of these interventions and so the clinical and strategic worth of chaplaincy is difficult to articulate. This article introduces the Scottish PROM, an original five-item patient reported outcome measure constructed specifically to address this gap. It describes the validation process from its conceptual grounding in the spiritual care literature through face and content validity cycles...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618885/an-exploration-of-current-approaches-to-and-facilities-for-spiritual-care-provision-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#6
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira, Maryanne Murphy, Nicolas Pujol, Greg Sheaf, Elizabeth Weathers, Jacqueline Whelan, Bernadette Flanagan
This study aimed to explore current approaches to and facilities for spiritual care provision in the Republic of Ireland. The findings identify that providing spiritual care to patients is a key component of hospital policy. Spiritual support is identified as the responsibility of the whole healthcare team with specific responsibility being attributed to the healthcare chaplain. Most sites provided a sacred space or quiet place for clients, visitors and staff to contemplate.
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618879/contemplative-listening-a-rhetorical-critical-approach-to-facilitate-internal-dialog
#7
Hans Evers
This article presents a discussion technique that is tailored to clients needing to reorient their convictions following a critical life event. The technique has three distinctive characteristics. The client's statements are not classified into categories from conventional layer models that are designed to track the themes or content of talk. Instead, we adopt a rhetorical approach because of the fundamental metaphysical nature of conviction that this article assumes. The primary focus is on how clients talk about themselves and their convictions...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#8
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571497/strategies-to-improve-quality-of-life-at-the-end-of-life-interdisciplinary-team-perspectives
#9
Rana Sagha Zadeh, Paul Eshelman, Judith Setla, Hessam Sadatsafavi
This ethnographic study draws on the experiences of members of interdisciplinary care teams working with end-of-life care patients to identify strategies to improve quality of life through care practices. We surveyed 133 staff and volunteers (physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, registered nurses, social workers, chaplains, administrators, and volunteers) who provide end-of-life care to patients in both home and institutional settings for 4 organizations in 2 counties in Upstate New York. Survey responses were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551731/perceptions-of-chaplains-value-and-impact-within-hospital-care-teams
#10
Christopher J L Cunningham, Mukta Panda, Jeremy Lambert, Greg Daniel, Kathleen DeMars
Many scholars have written about the role of spirituality in health care. One mechanism for incorporating spirituality into the care of patients is to integrate clinically trained chaplains into hospital care teams. We examined in a mixed-methods fashion, the effects of this type of integrated care team within a teaching hospital setting. The quality and impact of chaplain involvement were studied from patient and physician-in-training perspectives, using data from more than 200 patients and physicians in training...
August 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550510/integrating-spiritual-care-into-palliative-consultation-a-case-study-in-expanded-practice
#11
Grace Kearney, Linda Fischer, Hunter Groninger
Recognizing and addressing spiritual needs has long been identified as a key component of palliative care (PC). More often than not, the provision of spiritual care involves referral to a hospital chaplain. In this study, we aim to describe the role of a PC chaplain embedded within the interdisciplinary PC team and demonstrate how this palliative chaplain role differs from that of a traditional hospital chaplain. We postulate that integrating spiritual care provision into a PC team may offer a broader spiritual care experience for patients receiving PC and begin to delineate expanded clinical roles for the palliative chaplain...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541787/ethics-and-oncofertility-a-call-for-religious-sensitivity
#12
Michele R Hanselin, Deborah L Roybal, Thomas B Leininger
For patients of reproductive age, treating cancer may come at the price of infertility. Literature regarding fertility preservation recommendations in this population has increased significantly, but this literature too often overlooks or insufficiently considers the relevance of religious preferences. Similarly, practice guidelines do not address the role of religion in the oncofertility discussion. The acceptance of oncofertility practices varies significantly among Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. A patient's faith-based spirituality or secular morality may enhance his or her interpretation of the meaning of illness and should be incorporated into the informed-consent process...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541104/from-staff-nurse-to-nurse-consultant-spiritual-care-part-2-holistic-health-and-religion
#13
John Fowler
John Fowler, educational consultant and part-time university chaplain, examines the role of clinically based nurses in caring for the spiritual needs of patients.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538056/engaging-all-employees-in-efforts-to-achieve-high-reliability
#14
Anne Marie Benedicto
DRAMATIC AND NUMEROUS advances in science, technology, and medicine provide new opportunities to keep people healthy as well as to diagnose, treat, and cure disease. Unfortunately, increasing complexity increases opportunities for mistakes and errors, particularly in healthcare organizations as they struggle to prevent patient harm (). Safety problems persist and harm to patients continues despite widespread attention to the need for improvement ().An engaged and empowered workforce is critical to improving the patient experience, improving health outcomes, and correcting unsafe conditions ()...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535117/evaluation-of-a-chaplain-residency-program-and-its-partnership-with-an-in-patient-palliative-care-team
#15
Elizabeth Jackson-Jordan, Cynthia Stafford, Sara V Stratton, TeresaMarie T Vilagos, Angela Janssen Keenan, Greg Hathaway
In 2009 a Consensus Conference of experts in the field of spiritual care and palliative care recommended the inclusion of Board-certified professional chaplains with at least 1,600 hours of clinical pastoral education as members of palliative care teams. This study evaluates a clinical pastoral education residency program's effectiveness in preparing persons to provide spiritual care for those with serious illness and in increasing the palliative care team members' understanding of the chaplain as part of the palliative care team...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526912/moral-injury-and-definitional-clarity-betrayal-spirituality-and-the-role-of-chaplains
#16
Timothy J Hodgson, Lindsay B Carey
This article explores the developing definition of moral injury within the current key literature. Building on the previous literature regarding 'Moral Injury, Spiritual Care and the role of Chaplains' (Carey et al. in JORH 55(4):1218-1245, 2016b. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x ), this article notes the complexity that has developed due to definitional variations regarding moral injury-particularly with respect to the concepts of 'betrayal' and 'spirituality'. Given the increasing recognition of moral injury and noting the relevance and importance of utilizing a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, this article argues that betrayal and spirituality should be core components for understanding, defining and addressing moral injury...
August 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471883/educational-kiosk-for-continuing-education-on-pressure-injuries
#17
Valérie Chaplain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469429/a-machine-learning-approach-to-evaluating-illness-induced-religious-struggle
#18
Joshua Glauser, Brian Connolly, Paul Nash, Daniel H Grossoehme
Religious or spiritual struggles are clinically important to health care chaplains because they are related to poorer health outcomes, involving both mental and physical health problems. Identifying persons experiencing religious struggle poses a challenge for chaplains. One potentially underappreciated means of triaging chaplaincy effort are prayers written in chapel notebooks. We show that religious struggle can be identified in these notebooks through instances of negative religious coping, such as feeling anger or abandonment toward God...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453358/bereavement-service-preferences-of-surviving-family-members-variation-among-next-of-kin-with-depression-and-complicated-grief
#19
Alissa Banyasz, Rachel Weiskittle, Amanda Lorenz, Lauren Goodman, Sharla Wells-Di Gregorio
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that bereavement services reduce distress and support adjustment in the bereaved, particularly those experiencing significant levels of depression or grief. However, the service use of bereaved individuals and whether utilization differs among those experiencing depression and complicated grief currently remain unclear. Research is needed to clarify the preferences of the bereaved, including specific bereaved subgroups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the bereavement service preferences of bereaved family members whose loved one died in the hospital and identify group differences in service use among individuals with and without depression and complicated grief, considering time since the death of the patient...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452365/pluronic-based-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-polyrotaxanes-for-treatment-of-niemann-pick-type-c-disease
#20
Christopher J Collins, Bradley P Loren, Md Suhail Alam, Yawo Mondjinou, Joseph L Skulsky, Cheyenne R Chaplain, Kasturi Haldar, David H Thompson
Niemann-Pick Type C disease (NPC) is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by disruption of normal cholesterol trafficking within the cells of the body. There are no FDA approved treatments available for NPC patients. Recently, the cycloheptaglucoside 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) has shown efficacy as a potential NPC therapeutic by extending lifetime in NPC mice, delaying neurodegeneration, and decreasing visceral and neurological cholesterol burden. Although promising, systemic HP-β-CD treatment is limited by a pharmacokinetic profile characterized by rapid loss through renal filtration...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
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