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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647915/impact-of-the-21-gene-recurrence-score-on-outcome-in-patients-with-invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#1
Scott Kizy, Jing Li Huang, Schelomo Marmor, Todd M Tuttle, Jane Yuet Ching Hui
PURPOSE: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast has unique clinicopathologic characteristics, compared to invasive ductal carcinoma. The role of the 21-gene Recurrence Score (RS) has not been clearly defined for ILC. We sought to determine the prognostic value of RS and the impact of adjuvant chemotherapy on long-term survival in patients with ILC. METHODS: Utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database from 2004 to 2013, we identified records of women aged 18-74 years, diagnosed with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive ILC (stage I to III) with RS available...
June 24, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628658/effects-of-obesogenic-diet-and-estradiol-on-dorsal-raphe-gene-expression-in-old-female-macaques
#2
Cynthia L Bethea, Kevin Mueller, Arubala P Reddy, Steven G Kohama, Henryk F Urbanski
The beneficial effects of bioidentical ovarian steroid hormone therapy (HT) during the perimenopause are gaining recognition. However, the positive effects of estrogen (E) plus or minus progesterone (P) administration to ovariectomized (Ovx) lab animals were recognized in multiple systems for years before clinical trials could adequately duplicate the results. Moreover, very large numbers of women are often needed to find statistically significant results in clinical trials of HT; and there are still opposing results being published, especially in neural and cardiovascular systems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625396/management-of-menopausal-symptoms-in-women-with-gynecologic-cancers
#3
REVIEW
Marcela G Del Carmen, Laurel W Rice
OBJECTIVE: Women with gynecologic malignancies will be cured or may become long-term survivors. Management of menopausal symptoms is important in addressing their quality of life. We review the benefit and safety of hormone therapy use in these patients. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched for studies on menopause management published in English through December of 2016. RESULTS: Available data suggest that short-term use of hormone therapy in gynecologic cancer patients who do not have an estrogen-dependent malignancy do not adversely impact oncologic outcome and results in improvement of menopausal vasomotor and genitourinary symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622049/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-estriol-to-treat-vulvovaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
C Rueda, A M Osorio, A C Avellaneda, C E Pinzón, O I Restrepo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of estriol for the treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed. We searched the following electronic databases: Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, CINHAL and Google Scholar. The studies selected included controlled clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies. Selections were made in pairs and independently, first by title and abstract and then complete texts...
June 16, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609385/association-between-menopause-and-lumbar-disc-degeneration-an-mri-study-of-1-566-women-and-1-382-men
#5
Chao Lou, Hongliang Chen, Liangwei Mei, Weiyang Yu, Kejun Zhu, Feijun Liu, Zhenzhong Chen, Guangheng Xiang, Minjiang Chen, Qiaoyou Weng, Dengwei He
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to revisit and further investigate the association between menopause and disc degeneration in the lumbar spine using a magnetic resonance imaging-based eight-level grading system. METHODS: This study cohort comprised of 1,566 women and 1,382 age-matched men who were admitted for low back pain from June 2013 to October 2016. Data on age, weight, height, body mass index, age at natural menopause, and years since menopause (YSM) were obtained...
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602413/the-use-of-hormone-therapy-alone-versus-hormone-therapy-and-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer-in-elderly-women-a-population-based-study
#6
Alan M Nichol, Elisa K Chan, Sarah Lucas, Sally L Smith, Lovedeep Gondara, Caroline Speers, Scott Tyldesley
PURPOSE: The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 9343 trial randomized elderly women with estrogen receptor-positive, stage 1 breast cancer to receive either hormone therapy (HT) or HT and radiation therapy (HT-RT) after lumpectomy and showed no difference in survival. After this publication, a practice guideline made HT alone a standard treatment option in British Columbia. The subsequent population-based pattern of practice was studied. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All women aged 70 to 79 years, referred after lumpectomy from 1999 to 2009, with stage 1, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer were identified...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599435/expression-of-regulatory-factor-x1-can-predict-the-prognosis-of-breast-cancer
#7
Masahiro Shibata, Mitsuro Kanda, Dai Shimizu, Haruyoshi Tanaka, Shinichi Umeda, Masamichi Hayashi, Takahiro Inaishi, Noriyuki Miyajima, Yayoi Adachi, Yuko Takano, Kenichi Nakanishi, Dai Takeuchi, Sumiyo Noda, Yasuhiro Kodera, Toyone Kikumori
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy among women. Identifying novel biomarkers to predict prognosis accurately is important in managing this disease. The regulatory factor X1 (RFX1) gene is a member of the regulatory factor X gene family. Its protein reportedly downregulates the proto-oncogene c-myc, but its role in BC has been unclear. In this study, expression and methylation status of RFX1 were determined in BC cell lines. We then evaluated RFX1 mRNA expression levels with regard to clinicopathological factors including postoperative prognosis in 167 patients with BC...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579813/evaluation-of-the-treatment-patterns-and-economic-burden-of-dysmenorrhea-in-japanese-women-using-a-claims-database
#8
Sayako Akiyama, Erika Tanaka, Olivier Cristeau, Yoshie Onishi, Yutaka Osuga
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe treatment patterns and estimate health care resource utilization and associated costs among Japanese women with dysmenorrhea, using a claims database. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis using health insurance data from the Japan Medical Data Center, assessing female patients aged 18-49 years with newly diagnosed primary or secondary dysmenorrhea. Treatment pattern analyses focused on hormonal medications, analgesics, hemostatic agents, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and gynecological surgeries...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577081/the-21-gene-recurrence-score-in-special-histologic-subtypes-of-breast-cancer-with-favorable-prognosis
#9
Gulisa Turashvili, Edi Brogi, Monica Morrow, Clifford Hudis, Maura Dickler, Larry Norton, Hannah Y Wen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay predicts the likelihood of distant recurrence and chemotherapy benefit in early-stage, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. Data on the RS of special histologic subtypes of invasive breast carcinoma with favorable prognosis are limited. METHODS: We reviewed our institutional database to identify patients with special histologic subtypes of breast cancer associated with favorable prognosis and available RS results...
June 3, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573485/a-lateral-flow-colloidal-gold-based-immunoassay-for-rapid-detection-of-miroestrol-in-samples-of-white-kwao-krua-a-phytoestrogen-rich-plant
#10
Tharita Kitisripanya, Chadathorn Inyai, Jukrapun Komaikul, Supaluk Krittanai, Thaweesak Juengwatanatrakul, Seiichi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Waraporn Putalun
White Kwao Krua (WKK)-derived products have been used worldwide as dietary supplements to relieve climacteric symptoms in menopausal women. Miroestrol is a unique chromene found in WKK tuberous roots that corresponds to the estrogenic activity of WKK. However, miroestrol naturally accumulates at low levels in WKK samples, which are difficult to detect. The development of a rapid and sensitive assay to detect miroestrol in numerous products derived from this plant would be a practical and useful method to guarantee the quality of raw materials...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560298/successful-treatment-of-low-grade-endometrial-cancer-in-premenopausal-women-with-an-aromatase-inhibitor-after-failure-with-oral-or-intrauterine-progesterone
#11
Alli Straubhar, Andrew P Soisson, Mark Dodson, Elise Simons
INTRODUCTION: Young women with endometrial intraepithelial hyperplasia or low-grade endometrial carcinoma are potential candidates for conservative fertility sparing therapy utilizing progesterone rather than hysterectomy. High-dose progesterone treatment is associated with 55-80% initial response but high relapse rates. Using aromatase inhibitors in conjunction with high-dose progesterone has largely been unstudied. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: Three obese premenopausal women with endometrial cancer failed to respond to oral or intrauterine progesterone as first line therapy...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554377/pharmacological-treatment-options-for-low-bone-mineral-density-and-secondary-osteoporosis-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Lauren Robinson, Victoria Aldridge, Emma M Clark, Madhusmita Misra, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several evidence-based treatments available to increase Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and reduce fracture risk in aging men and women, there are still uncertainties regarding which treatments are efficacious in reducing lifetime fracture risk in women with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). METHODS: Medline, PsychInfo, Embase and the Cochrane Database were searched for English Language Studies. Inclusion criteria were studies of females of any age with AN who received pharmacological treatment with the primary aim to increase BMD or reduce fracture risk...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554244/effectiveness-of-the-progestin-only-pill-for-migraine-treatment-in-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Samantha Warhurst, Christopher J Rofe, Bruce J Brew, Deborah Bateson, Kevin McGeechan, Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Raymond Garrick, Susan E Tomlinson
Background Migraine is highly prevalent in women (18%). Peak morbidity affects their most productive years, coinciding with peak fertility. Hormonal contraception is often tailored for migraine prevention. Estrogen-containing contraceptives may be contraindicated in women experiencing migraine with aura due to the risk of vascular events. While improvements in migraine with a progestin-only pill (POP), which inhibits ovulation are documented, the strength and quality of evidence has not been formally evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553144/transdermal-delivery-of-combined-hormonal-contraception-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#14
REVIEW
Rosanna M Galzote, Sally Rafie, Rachel Teal, Sheila K Mody
The transdermal patch provides an effective and convenient option for hormonal contraception. The patch currently on the US market contains 150 µg norelgestromin and 35 µg ethinylestradiol (EE). The 20 cm(2) patch is applied once weekly for 3 weeks, followed by a patch-free week, for a 21-7 cycle. Typical failure rates are similar to that of combined oral contraceptives (COCs). Transdermal delivery results in less peaks and troughs of estrogen, but a higher total estrogen exposure compared with COCs. Though studies show mixed results, the risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE) is about twice as high with the patch as with COCs; however, the absolute risk of VTE remains low...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552876/effects-of-eggshell-calcium-supplementation-on-bone-mass-in-postmenopausal-vietnamese-women
#15
Seigo Sakai, Vu Thi Thu Hien, Le Danh Tuyen, Ha Anh Duc, Yasunobu Masuda, Shigeru Yamamoto
Bone mass decreases along with aging, especially for women after menopause because of lower estrogen secretion together with low calcium intake. This study was conducted to study the effect of eggshell calcium supplementation on bone mass in 54 postmenopausal Vietnamese women living in a farming area about 60 km from Hanoi, Vietnam. Sets of 3 subjects matched by age, bone mass, BMI and calcium intake were divided randomly into 3 groups with 18 subjects in each group. The eggshell calcium group was administered 300 mg/d calcium from eggshell, the calcium carbonate group 300 mg/d calcium from calcium carbonate and the placebo group received no calcium supplementation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545191/%C3%A2-mate%C3%A2-intake-hormone-based-risk-factors-and-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#16
Alvaro L Ronco, Edison Espinosa, Juan M Calderon, Eduardo Lasalvia- Galante, Alejandro De Rosa, Gustavo Sanchez
Previous reports on the inverse association between ‘mate’ intake (infusion of Ilex Paraguariensis herb) and breast cancer (BC) risk led us to consider two main roles for the infusion: as a substantial antioxidant contributor and as a hormone regulator, particularly through anti-aromatase capacities. Since menstrual-reproductive risk factors for BC reflect women’s estrogenic exposure during the reproductive lifespan, and considering that ‘mate’ intake exerts putative stronger protection among high antioxidant contributors, we attempted to analyze interactions among the infusion, hormon-linked reproductive factors and BC risk, which have hitherto remained unexplored...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533289/treatment-with-standard-and-low-dose-of-conjugated-equine-estrogen-differentially-modulates-estrogen-receptor-expression-and-response-to-angiotensin-ii-in-mesenteric-venular-bed-of-surgically-postmenopausal-hypertensive-rats
#17
Priscila Xavier Araujo, Tiago Januário Costa, Cinthya Echem, Maria Aparecida de Oliveira, Rosangela Aparecida Santos-Eichler, Lucas Giglio Colli, Francesc Jiménez-Altayó, Elisabet Vila, Eliana Hiromi Akamine, Ana Paula Dantas, Graziela Scalianti Ceravolo, Maria Helena Catelli de Carvalho
Standard hormone therapy for menopausal women [conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) 0.625 mg] has been associated with increased risk of venous thrombosis. Regimens containing a lower CEE dose (0.30 mg) have been used clinically to decrease side effects of supraphysiologic doses of estrogen. In this study, we determined the effects of standard (SD) and low dose (LD) of CEE on venular function in ovariectomized (OVX) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Contractions by angiotensin-II (Ang-II 10 μM) in perfused mesenteric venular bed were markedly increased in OVX (21...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532290/midlife-women-s-cardiovascular-symptoms-a-cluster-analysis
#18
Eun-Ok Im, Young Ko, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee, Jun James Mao
Menopausal transition, in which biological and psychosocial changes are caused due to estrogen fluctuations, has been reported to increase cardiovascular risk among midlife women. The purposes of this study were to identify the clusters of midlife women by cardiovascular symptoms and to examine racial/ethnic differences in the clusters. This was a secondary analysis, in which hierarchical cluster and multinomial logistic analyses were conducted with the data (N = 966) collected in two previous studies. Three clusters were adopted: Cluster 1 (high vasomotor and low cardiorespiratory), Cluster 2 (low vasomotor and high cardiorespiratory and high discomfort/pain), and Cluster 3 (high discomfort/pain and high indigestion)...
May 22, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526997/nafld-as-a-sexual-dimorphic-disease-role-of-gender-and-reproductive-status-in-the-development-and-progression-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-inherent-cardiovascular-risk
#19
REVIEW
Stefano Ballestri, Fabio Nascimbeni, Enrica Baldelli, Alessandra Marrazzo, Dante Romagnoli, Amedeo Lonardo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) spans steatosis through nonalcoholic steatohepatis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with striking systemic features and excess cardiovascular and liver-related mortality. The pathogenesis of NAFLD is complex and multifactorial. Endocrine derangements are closely linked with dysmetabolic traits. For example, in animal and human studies, female sex is protected from dysmetabolism thanks to young individuals' ability to partition fatty acids towards ketone body production rather than very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triacylglycerol, and to sex-specific browning of white adipose tissue...
May 19, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523940/delay-in-estrogen-commencement-is-associated-with-lower-bone-mineral-density-in-turner-syndrome
#20
H H Nguyen, P Wong, B J Strauss, G Jones, P R Ebeling, F Milat, A Vincent
OBJECTIVE: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with hypogonadism, osteoporosis and fractures. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for low bone density and fractures in a TS cohort. METHODS: We included 76 TS patients (median age 28.5 years) attending a tertiary hospital between 1998 and 2015 who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Spine and femoral neck (FN) areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were compared with those of a control group. To adjust for smaller bone size, bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) was calculated...
May 19, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
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