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Agility training

Erika Zemková
The purpose of this study was to develop an Agility Index (AI), plus related methodology, for representing and quantifying the data variability of agility performance, incorporating varied stimuli number and traveling distances. A group of 84 physically fit subjects performed the agility test. Their task was to touch, with either the left or the right foot, one of four mats according to the location of a stimulus in one of the corners of the screen. Results showed no significant changes in agility time during 60 responses, when subjects traveled a distance of 0...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
C M Inness, K L Morgan
Polo, one of the world's oldest sports, is played in over 80 countries. It is unique in combining the skills of a person with the agility and performance of an animal in a contact sport. There is only one report of the frequency and type of injuries in this population. Here we report risk perception, mitigation and risk factors for injuries and falls in UK polo players. Data were collected retrospectively from a random sample of 112 UK polo players by telephone questionnaire. Injuries (commonly to a shoulder or wrist) requiring a hospital visit were sustained by 17...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Abbas Asadi, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cesar Meylan, Fabio Y Nakamura, Rodrigo Cañas-Jamet, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: To compare maximal-intensity exercise adaptations in young basketball players (who were strong individuals at baseline) participating in regular basketball training versus regular plus a volume-based plyometric training program in the pre-season period. METHODS: Young basketball players were recruited and assigned either to a plyometric with regular basketball training group (Experimental group [EG]; n = 8), or a basketball training only group (Control group [CG]; n = 8)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Sara Santos, Nuno Mateus, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an enrichment programme in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills, when accounting for the age of youth sport specialisation. Seventy-six college students (age: M = 20.4, SD = 1.9) were allocated according to three different paths: (i) non-structured (n = 14), (ii) early specialisation (n = 34), and (iii) late specialisation (n = 28), according to information previously provided by the participants about the quantity and type of sporting activities performed throughout their sporting careers...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Tarik Ozmen, Mert Aydogmus
The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of core strength training (CST) on core endurance, dynamic balance and agility in adolescent badminton players. Twenty adolescent (age = 10.8 ± 0.3 years; height = 140.6 ± 4.4 cm, weight = 33.9 ± 5.8 kg) badminton players were randomly divided into two groups as training group (TG) and control (CG) group. All subjects were evaluated with Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Illinois Agility Test, and the core endurance tests. The TG completed CST twice a week, for 6 weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Morteza Ahmadi, Giti Torkaman, Sedigheh Kahrizi, Mojdeh Ghabaee, Leila Dadashi Arani
CONTEXT: Despite the widespread use of whole body vibration (WBV), especially in recent years, its neurophysiological mechanism is still unclear and it is yet to be determined whether acute and short term WBV exposure produce neurogenic enhancement for agility. OBJECTIVE: To compare the acute and short-term effects of WBV, on the H-reflex recruitment curve and agility . DESIGN: Cross over study. SETTING: Clinical electrophysiology lab...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Athos Trecroci, Zoran Milanović, Alessio Rossi, Marco Broggi, Damiano Formenti, Giampietro Alberti
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of speed, agility and quickness (SAQ) training on acceleration (5 and 20 m), change of direction speed (CODS) and reactive agility in preadolescent soccer players. Thirty-five participants (age = 10.57 ± 0.26, body mass = 36.78 ± 5.34 kg, body height = 1.42 ± 0.05 m), randomly assigned to experimental (EG, n = 20) and control groups (CG, n = 15), completed a 12-week training intervention, 2 day/week. A significant interaction was found in 5-m sprint (P < 0...
September 3, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Antonios Vantarakis, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Alexandra Avloniti, Nikolaos Vezos, Ioannis I Douroudos, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z Jamurtas, Antonis Kambas, Stamatios Kalligeros, Ioannis G Fatouros
Major objectives of army and navy training are the development of readiness, performance, and injury prevention. Numerous studies have examined the effect of specific strength training programs (ST) on performance of Special Forces and military personnel. Although navy personnel have to address on board conditions that require the development of strength, agility, speed and task-specific endurance, there is no information regarding the effects of ST on navy-specific performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week ST on performance of navy cadets...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Ronaldo Kobal, Irineu Loturco, Renato Barroso, Saulo Gil, Rogério Cuniyochi, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli
The combination of strength (ST) and plyometric training (PT) has been shown to be effective for improving sport specific performance. However, there is no consensus about the most effective way to combine these methods in the same training session, in order to produce greater improvements in neuromuscular performance of soccer players. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different combinations of ST and PT sequences on strength, jump, speed, and agility capacities of elite young soccer players...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Lara A Carlson, Michael A Lawrence, Kaylee LeCavalier, Alexander J Koch
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of anaerobic training on salivary lymphocytes (s-LYMPH), and further determine whether these responses differ between cool vs. thermoneutral environments. Nine lightly clothed (∼0.3 clo) volunteers (7/2 women/men: age 21 ± 1 y; height 168.7 ± 7.3 cm; weight 66.4 ± 8.4 kg; body fat 20.6 ± 7.6%) completed speed, agility, and quickness (SAQ) sessions in both warm (18.9°C, Biddeford, Maine, USA) and cool (10.4°C, Thorsmörk, Iceland) temperatures. SAQ sessions consisted of three trials of 20 m sprints, 40 m sprints, t-tests, and box drills, and two 300-yd shuttle runs in both conditions...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Ryota Sakamoto, Yasushi Miura
[Purpose] This study investigated the long-term effect of a half-day exercise intervention program on health-related quality of life, life function, and physical function in frail elderly in need of care. The program was conducted at a senior day-care facility specializing in functional training. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included 41 elderly in need of care who had visited the service facility for at least 1 year. Physical function and life function were evaluated at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jung-Eun Byun, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the impacts of senior brain heath exercise (SBHE) program for 12 weeks to basic active physical fitness, cognitive function and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in elderly women. METHODS: Subject of this study is total of 24 women in the age of 65-79 who can conduct normal daily activity and communication but have not participated in regular exercise in recent 6 months. The study groups were divided into an exercise group (EG, n=13) and a control group (CG, n=11)...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Caterina Tramonti, Bruno Rossi, Carmelo Chisari
Low-intensity aerobic training seems to have positive effects on muscle strength, endurance and fatigue in Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) patients. We describe the case of a 33-year old BMD man, who performed a four-week aerobic training. Extensive functional evaluations were executed to monitor the efficacy of the rehabilitative treatment. Results evidenced an increased force exertion and an improvement in muscle contraction during sustained exercise. An improvement of walk velocity, together with agility, endurance capacity and oxygen consumption during exercise was observed...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
Liljan Av Fløtum, Laila S Ottesen, Peter Krustrup, Magni Mohr
The present study evaluated a nationwide exercise intervention with Football Fitness in a small-scale society. In all, 741 adult participants (20-72 yrs) were successfully recruited for Football Fitness training in local football clubs, corresponding to 2.1% of the adult population. A preintervention test battery including resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure, and body mass measurements along with performance tests (Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 1 (Yo-Yo IE1), the Arrowhead Agility Test, and the Flamingo Balance Test) were performed (n = 502)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Robert G Lockie, Matthew R Moreno, Adrina Lazar, Ashley J Orjalo, Dominic V Giuliano, Fabrice G Risso, DeShaun L Davis, Jeff B Crelling, John R Lockwood, Farzad Jalilvand
Playing positions in soccer can exhibit different movement demands during a match, contributing to variations in physical and performance characteristics. NCAA soccer features different substitution rules when compared to FIFA-sanctioned matches, which could influence each players' characteristics. Therefore, this study determined the athletic performance characteristics of Division I female soccer players. Twenty-six players (3 goalkeepers; 8 defenders; 10 midfielders; 5 forwards) from the same squad completed assessments of: lower-body power (vertical and standing broad jump); linear (0-5, 0-10, 0-30 meter [m] sprint intervals) and change-of-direction (pro-agility shuttle; Arrowhead change-of-direction speed test) speed; and soccer-specific fitness (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test [YYIRT] levels 1 and 2)...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Gabriel A Paz, Timothy J Gabbett, Marianna F Maia, Haroldo Santana, Humberto Miranda, Vicente Lima
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association among anthropometric, physical performance parameters, and dynamic postural control attributes of young female volleyball athletes, and to determine if differences exist in these attributes according to playing position. METHODS: Forty-three young female volleyball players participated in this study. Players were divided by position into hitters (n = 17), middle blockers (n = 8), setters (n = 10), and liberos (n = 8)...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Petra M Skeffington, Clare S Rees, Trevor G Mazzucchelli, Robert T Kane
AIM: To develop and evaluate an evidence-based and theory driven program for the primary prevention of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: A pre-intervention / post-intervention / follow up control group design with clustered random allocation of participants to groups was used. The "control" group received "Training as Usual" (TAU). METHOD: Participants were 45 career recruits within the recruit school at the Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) in Western Australia...
2016: PloS One
Sarah A Richmond, Jian Kang, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To examine a school-based high-intensity neuromuscular training (NMT) program in reducing sport injury risk and improving fitness in youth. PARTICIPANTS: Students (ages 11-15) (n = 725) in physical education (PE) classes were randomized by school to intervention or control groups. INTERVENTION: A 12-week high-intensity NMT program (including aerobic, strength, balance, and agility components) was designed to reduce sport injury risk and improve measures of fitness...
July 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Guillermo Escalante, Michelle Alencar, Bryan Haddock, Phillip Harvey
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidic acid (PA) is a lipid messenger that has been shown to increase muscle protein synthesis via signaling stimulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). MaxxTOR® (MT) is a supplement that contains PA as the main active ingredient but also contains other synergistic mTOR signaling substances including L-Leucine, Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate (HMB), and Vitamin D3. METHODS: Eighteen healthy strength-trained males were randomly assigned to a group that either consumed MT (n = 8, 22...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Dennis-Peter Born, Christoph Zinner, Peter Düking, Billy Sperlich
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a repeated sprint training with multi-directional change-of-direction (COD) movements (RSmulti) compared to repeated shuttle sprints (RSS) on variables related to COD speed and reactive agility. Nineteen highly-trained male U15 soccer players were assigned into two groups performing either RSmulti or RSS. For both groups, each training session involved 20 repeated 15 s sprints interspersed with 30 s recovery. With RSmulti the COD movements were randomized and performed in response to a visual stimulus, while the RSS involved predefined 180° COD movements...
June 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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