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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813391/physical-fitness-characteristics-of-adolescent-wushu-athletes
#1
Hsiao C Huang, Wen L Wu, Yu K Chang, I H Chu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the physical fitness of wushu athletes in junior high schools and to compare their fitness with that of track-and-field and basketball athletes, as well as general junior high school students. METHODS: A total of 120 participants aged 12-15 years were recruited for this study (wushu n = 30; track-and-field n = 30; basketball n = 30; general students n = 30). Participants' height, weight, flexibility, muscle endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, agility, power, and static and dynamic balance were assessed and compared among sports groups and general students...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232557/prevalence-of-electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-young-elite-japanese-athletes
#2
Kazuto Omiya, Tomomi Suzuki, Norio Suzuki, Takanobu Mitarai, Manabu Takai, Emi Nakano, Hisao Matsuda, Haruki Musha
BACKGROUND: The question as to whether or not electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluations should be performed in all athletes is still controversial. So, in this study, the prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities was evaluated in young, elite Japanese athletes. METHODS: Subjects included 174 male and 101 female Japanese athletes (mean age, 21.5 years). Sports activities included baseball, basketball, diving, fencing, gymnastics, judo, rhythmic gymnastics, soccer, swimming, tennis, track and field, volleyball, and water polo...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015102/short-term-moderate-intensive-high-volume-training-program-provides-aerobic-endurance-benefit-in-wheelchair-basketball-players
#3
Kestutis Skucas, Vaida Pokvytyte
BACKGROUND: was to investigate the effect of short-term period, moderate intensity and high volume endurance training on physiological variables in elite wheelchair basketball players. METHODS: Eight wheelchair basketball players were examined. The subjects participated in a two-week intervention program of mainly two training types: wheelchair basketball and wheelchair driving endurance training. The subjects performed the continuously increasing cycling exercise (CCE) at the constant 60 rpm arm cranking speed at the beginning of the program and after two weeks of the program...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605193/relationship-of-body-mass-status-with-running-and-jumping-performances-in-young-basketball-players
#4
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Abbas Asadi, Eduardo J A M Santos, Julio Calleja-González, Johnny Padulo, Hamdi Chtourou, Erika Zemkova
PURPOSE: the main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of body mass (BM) status with running and jumping performances in young male basketball players. METHODS: basketball players (n=72, age 12.9±2.8 yrs), who were grouped into U-12 (9-12 yrs), U-15 (12-15 yrs) and U-18 (15-18 yrs), performed a battery of anthropometric, running and jumping tests. We examined differences among age groups, and between normal weight and overweight players. RESULTS: the results indicated significant and large differences among age groups in BM, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass, speed, endurance, standing long jump, countermovement jump (CMJ), mean power in 30 s jumping test (Pmean) (p<0...
July 2015: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589122/performance-in-sports-with-specific-emphasis-on-the-effect-of-intensified-training
#5
REVIEW
J Bangsbo
Performance in most sports is determined by the athlete's technical, tactical, physiological and psychological/social characteristics. In the present article, the physical aspect will be evaluated with a focus on what limits performance, and how training can be conducted to improve performance. Specifically how intensified training, i.e., increasing the amount of aerobic high-intensity and speed endurance training, affects physiological adaptations and performance of trained subjects. Periods of speed endurance training do improve performance in events lasting 30 s-4 min, and when combined with aerobic high-intensity sessions, also performance during longer events...
December 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26394451/reliability-and-validity-of-field-based-tests-to-assess-upper-body-muscular-strength-in-children-aged-6-12-years
#6
Jorge R Fernandez Santos, Jonatan R Ruiz, Jose Luis Gonzalez-Montesinos, Jose Castro-Piñero
The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability and the validity of the handgrip, basketball throw and pushups tests in children aged 6-12 years. One hundred and eighty healthy children (82 girls) agreed to participate in this study. All the upper body muscular fitness tests were performed twice (7 days apart) whereas the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press test was performed 2 days after the first session of testing. All the tests showed a high reproducibility (ICC > 0.9) except the push-ups test (intertrial difference = 0...
May 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301178/do-elite-athletes-live-longer-a-systematic-review-of-mortality-and-longevity-in-elite-athletes
#7
Srdjan Lemez, Joseph Baker
BACKGROUND: Understanding of an athlete's lifespan is limited with a much more sophisticated knowledge of their competitive careers and little knowledge of post-career outcomes. In this review, we consider the relationship between participation at elite levels of sport and mortality risk relative to other athletes and age- and sex-matched controls from the general population. Our objective was to identify, collate, and disseminate a comprehensive list of risk factors associated with longevity and trends and causes of mortality among elite athletes...
2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26070030/normative-data-for-regional-sweat-sodium-concentration-and-whole-body-sweating-rate-in-athletes
#8
Lindsay B Baker, Kelly A Barnes, Melissa L Anderson, Dennis H Passe, John R Stofan
The purpose of this study was to establish normative data for regional sweat sodium concentration ([Na+]) and whole-body sweating rate in athletes. Data from 506 athletes (367 adults, 139 youth; 404 male, 102 female) were compiled from observational athlete testing for a retrospective analysis. The participants were skill/team-sport (including American football, baseball, basketball, soccer and tennis) and endurance (including cycling, running and triathlon) athletes exercising in cool to hot environmental conditions (15-50 °C) during training or competition in the laboratory or field...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734781/does-testosterone-modulate-mood-states-and-physical-performance-in-young-basketball-players
#9
Bernardo Miloski, Marcelo S Aoki, Camila G de Freitas, Ademir F Schultz de Arruda, Helena S de Moraes, Gustavo Drago, Thiago O Borges, Alexandre Moreira
This study aimed to examine and compare mood states profile and physical performance during different training phases between 2 groups of adolescent basketball players that were differentiated according to baseline testosterone concentration (T). The basketball players were submitted to an intensified training period (OVL) followed by a tapering period (TP). Twenty-three young male basketball players initiated the study. Experimental criteria data were used to stratify 16 players into high-testosterone (HTC) or low-testosterone (LTC) concentration groups...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729153/sprint-agility-strength-and-endurance-capacity-in-wheelchair-basketball-players
#10
J Yanci, C Granados, M Otero, A Badiola, J Olasagasti, I Bidaurrazaga-Letona, A Iturricastillo, Sm Gil
The aims of the present study were, firstly, to determine the reliability and reproducibility of an agility T-test and Yo-Yo 10 m recovery test; and secondly, to analyse the physical characteristics measured by sprint, agility, strength and endurance field tests in wheelchair basketball (WB) players. 16 WB players (33.06 ± 7.36 years, 71.89 ± 21.71 kg and sitting body height 86.07 ± 6.82 cm) belonging to the national WB league participated in this study. Wheelchair sprint (5 and 20 m without ball, and 5 and 20 m with ball) agility (T-test and pick-up test) strength (handgrip and maximal pass) and endurance (Yo-Yo 10 m recovery test) were performed...
March 2015: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25713652/can-programmed-or-self-selected-physical-activity-affect-physical-fitness-of-adolescents
#11
Cláudio F Neto, Gabriel R Neto, Adenilson T Araújo, Maria S C Sousa, Juliana B C Sousa, Gilmário R Batista, Victor M M R Reis
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of programmed and self-selected physical activities on the physical fitness of adolescents. High school adolescents, aged between 15 and 17 years, were divided into two experimental groups: a) a self-selected physical activity group (PAS) with 55 students (aged 15.7 ± 0.7 years), who performed physical activities with self-selected rhythm at the following sports: basketball, volleyball, handball, futsal and swimming; and b) a physical fitness training group (PFT) with 53 students (aged 16...
September 29, 2014: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25595717/modern-standards-of-ecg-interpretation-in-young-athletes-yield-and-effectiveness
#12
REVIEW
Irfan M Asif, Jordan M Prutkin
Although cardiovascular screening is recommended before participating in competitive sports, the role of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been debated. When added to the medical history and physical examination, an ECG used during the pre-participation screening (PPS) of young athletes can greatly enhance the ability to detect underlying cardiovascular pathology. Concerns over false positive rates, however, have posed an obstacle to large-scale implementation. The recent development of modern athlete-specific ECG interpretation criteria has dramatically reduced false positive rates to levels below other commonly used screening tests (e...
May 2015: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25574803/repeated-sprint-ability-in-young-basketball-players-one-vs-two-changes-of-direction-part-2
#13
Giuseppe Attene, Guillaume Laffaye, Anis Chaouachi, Fabio Pizzolato, Gian Mario Migliaccio, Johnny Padulo
The aim of this study was to compare the training effects based on repeated sprint ability (RSA) (with one change of direction) with an intensive repeated sprint ability (IRSA) (with two changes of direction) on jump performance and aerobic fitness. Eighteen male basketball players were assigned to repeated sprint ability and intensive repeated sprint ability training groups (RSAG and IRSAG). RSA, IRSA, squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ) and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 test were assessed before and after four training weeks...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25561579/gender-specific-activity-demands-experienced-during-semiprofessional-basketball-game-play
#14
Aaron T Scanlan, Ben J Dascombe, Andrew P Kidcaff, Jessica L Peucker, Vincent J Dalbo
PURPOSE: To compare game activity demands between female and male semiprofessional basketball players. METHODS: Female (n=12) and male (n=12) semiprofessional basketball players were monitored across 3 competitive games. Time-motion-analysis procedures quantified player activity into predefined movement categories across backcourt (BC) and frontcourt (FC) positions. Activity frequencies, durations, and distances were calculated relative to live playing time (min)...
July 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536537/anthropometry-and-performance-in-wheelchair-basketball
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cristina Granados, Javier Yanci, Aduna Badiola, Aitor Iturricastillo, Montse Otero, Jurgi Olasagasti, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, Susana M Gil
This study investigated whether anthropometric characteristics, generic and specific sprinting, agility, strength, and endurance capacity could differentiate between First-Division and Third-Division wheelchair basketball (WB) players. A First-Division WB team (n = 8; age = 36.05 ± 8.25 years, sitting body height = 91.38 ± 4.24 cm, body mass = 79.80 ± 12.63 kg) and a Third-Division WB team (n = 11; age = 31.10 ± 6.37 years, sitting body height = 85.56 ± 6.48 cm, body mass = 71.18 ± 17.63 kg) participated in the study...
July 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25323479/heart-rate-during-basketball-game-play-and-volleyball-drills-accurately-predicts-oxygen-uptake-and-energy-expenditure
#16
T D Scribbans, K Berg, K Narazaki, I Janssen, B J Gurd
AIM: There is currently little information regarding the ability of metabolic prediction equations to accurately predict oxygen uptake and exercise intensity from heart rate (HR) during intermittent sport. The purpose of the present study was to develop and, cross-validate equations appropriate for accurately predicting oxygen cost (VO2) and energy expenditure from HR during intermittent sport participation. METHODS: Eleven healthy adult males (19.9±1.1yrs) were recruited to establish the relationship between %VO2peak and %HRmax during low-intensity steady state endurance (END), moderate-intensity interval (MOD) and high intensity-interval exercise (HI), as performed on a cycle ergometer...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25143133/generic-anthropometric-and-performance-characteristics-among-elite-adolescent-boys-in-nine-different-sports
#17
Johan Pion, Veerle Segers, Job Fransen, Gijs Debuyck, Dieter Deprez, Leen Haerens, Roel Vaeyens, Renaat Philippaerts, Matthieu Lenoir
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the Flemish Sports Compass (FSC), a non-sport-specific generic testing battery. It was hypothesised that a set of 22 tests would have sufficient discriminant power to allocate athletes to their own sport based on a unique combination of test scores. First, discriminant analyses were applied to the 22 tests of anthropometry, physical fitness and motor coordination in 141 boys under age 18 (16.1 ± 0.8 years) and post age at peak height velocity (maturity offset = 2...
2015: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25114367/age-predicted-vs-measured-maximal-heart-rate-in-young-team-sport-athletes
#18
Pantelis Theo Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: Although maximal heart rate (HR)max is used widely to assess exercise intensity in sport training and particularly in various team sports, there are limited data with regards to the use of age-based prediction equations of HRmax in sport populations. The aim of this study was to compare the measured-HRmax with three prediction equations (Fox-HRmax = 220-age and Tanaka-HRmax = 208-0.7×age and Nikolaidis-HRmax = 223-1.44×age) in young team sport athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Athletes of soccer, futsal, basketball and water polo, classified into three age groups (u-12, 9-12 years, n = 50; u-15, 12-15 years, n = 40; u-18, 15-18 years, n = 57), all members of competitive clubs, voluntarily performed a graded exercise field test (20 m shuttle run endurance test) to assess HRmax...
July 2014: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24921610/the-impact-of-high-level-basketball-competition-calcium-intake-menses-and-hormone-levels-in-adolescent-bone-density-a-three-year-follow-up
#19
C Bagur-Calafat, J Farrerons-Minguella, M Girabent-Farrés, J R Serra-Grima
AIM: The main goal of the present work is to establish the positive influence high-impact physical exercise, specifically high-level basketball, on bone acquisition in adolescent female and verify if the long-term exposure to such programs is the major modifiable factor explaining bone acquisition during adolescence. METHODS: A prospective cohort study comparing the development of bone mass in the lumbar spine, proximal femur and distal radius was carried out over a three-year period in two groups of adolescents: elite basketball players and age-matched controls...
January 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24918302/small-sided-games-in-team-sports-training-a-brief-review
#20
REVIEW
Jamel Halouani, Hamdi Chtourou, Tim Gabbett, Anis Chaouachi, Karim Chamari
Small-sided games (SSGs) incorporating skills, sport-specific movements, at intensities sufficient to promote aerobic adaptations, are being increasingly implemented in professional team sport environments. Small-sided games are often employed by coaches based on the premise that the greatest training benefits occur when training simulates the specific movement patterns and physiological demands of the sport. At present, there is relatively little information regarding how SSG can best be used to improve physical capacities and technical and tactical skills in team sports...
December 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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