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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698994/validity-of-a-basketball-specific-complex-test-in-female-professional-players
#1
René Schwesig, Souhail Hermassi, Andreas Lauenroth, Kevin Laudner, Alexander Koke, Thomas Bartels, Stefan Delank, Stephan Schulze
The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of a new basketball-specific complex test (BBCT) based on the ascertained match performance.Fourteen female professional basketball players (ages: 23.4 ± 1.8 years) performed the BBCT and a treadmill test (TT) at the beginning of pre-season training. Lactate, heart rate (HR), time, shooting precision and number of errors were measured during the four test sequences of the BBCT (short distance sprinting with direction changes, with and without a ball; fast break; lay-up parcours; sprint endurance test)...
April 26, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589409/physical-fitness-characteristics-of-omani-primary-school-children-according-to-body-mass-index
#2
Anne Delextrat, Lawrence Hayes, Samia S Al Ghannami, Yoeju Ming, Izzeldin Hussein, Hamed Al Oufi, Daniel D Cohen, Kebreab Ghebremeskel
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that children with high cardiorespiratory fitness and normal body mass index (BMI) have less risk of non communicable diseases (NCDs), however limited research was undertaken in Omani children. Therefore the aims of the present study were to describe body composition and physical fitness of a large cohort of Omani school children of both genders, and to investigate the effects of weight status on physical fitness. METHODS: Three hundred and fourteen Omani school children aged 9 to 10 years old took part in anthropometric assessments, body composition and fitness tests, including handgrip strength, the basketball chest pass, broad jump, 20-m sprint, four 10-m shuttle agility, 30-s sit-up, and multistage fitness test (MSFT)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474386/peak-oxygen-uptake-in-paralympic-sitting-sports-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-and-pooled-data-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Julia Kathrin Baumgart, Berit Brurok, Øyvind Sandbakk
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in Paralympic sitting sports athletes represents their maximal ability to deliver energy aerobically in an upper-body mode, with values being influenced by sex, disability-related physiological limitations, sport-specific demands, training status and how they are tested. OBJECTIVES: To identify VO2peak values in Paralympic sitting sports, examine between-sports differences and within-sports variations in VO2peak and determine the influence of sex, age, body-mass, disability and test-mode on VO2peak...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357306/intermittent-intense-exercise-protects-against-cognitive-decline-in-a-similar-manner-to-moderate-exercise-in-chronically-stressed-mice
#4
Hyunjin Lee, Kazufumi Nagata, Sanae Nakajima, Makoto Ohno, Shigeo Ohta, Toshio Mikami
It is well known that regular low or mild exercise helps to improve and maintain cognition. On the other hand, ever thought many people prefer high-intensity exercise (e.g., running, swimming, biking, soccer, basketball, etc.) to get rid of stress or improve their health, the previous studies reported that intense exercise either impairs cognition or has no effect on cognitive function. However, we previously showed that intermittent intense exercise prevents stress-induced depressive behavior in mice in a similar manner to moderate exercise...
June 1, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134974/differences-in-physical-physiological-and-motor-performance-traits-between-volleyball-and-basketball-athletes-in-a-university-in-ghana
#5
A Obour, M O Moses, B Baffour-Awuah, B Asamoah, P K Sarpong, F Osei, L G Akwa, E J Appiah
Physical, physiological and motor performance traits play substantial role in both volleyball (VB) and basketball(BB) competitions. The differences in these traits among University athletes in Ghana have not been reported. Hence, thisstudy documents and compares the physical, physiological and motor performance traits of VB and BB university athletes.Purposive sampling technique involving thirty-five university athletes (24 males and 11 females) with mean age of 21.77 ±2.03years was used. Height, weightn, waist and hip circumferences, waist to hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), heartrate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), shoulder muscular endurance (SME), abdominal muscular endurance (AME), left and right Arm Strength, Leg Power, Reaction time, Agility and Speed traits were measured...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/the-epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#6
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
October 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657911/efficacy-of-whole-body-vibration-board-training-on-strength-in-athletes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Cosimo Costantino, Silvia Bertuletti, Davide Romiti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether an 8-week whole-body vibration training program may improve recovery of knee flexion/extension muscular strength in athletes after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Single outpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight female volleyball/basketball players (aged between 20 and 30), randomized into 2 treatment groups...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332113/the-critical-power-concept-applications-to-sports-performance-with-a-focus-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise
#8
REVIEW
Andrew M Jones, Anni Vanhatalo
The curvilinear relationship between power output and the time for which it can be sustained is a fundamental and well-known feature of high-intensity exercise performance. This relationship 'levels off' at a 'critical power' (CP) that separates power outputs that can be sustained with stable values of, for example, muscle phosphocreatine, blood lactate, and pulmonary oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), from power outputs where these variables change continuously with time until their respective minimum and maximum values are reached and exercise intolerance occurs...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198602/the-profile-of-upper-extremity-muscular-strength-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players-a-pilot-study
#9
Bahar Külünkoğlu, Yasemin Akkubak, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the profile of upper extremity muscle strength in female wheelchair basketball players with that of sex-matched non-disabled controls. METHODS: Nineteen female subjects were enrolled in this study. These were divided into two groups. Group 1 (n=10) consisted of wheelchair basketball players and Group 2 (n=9) of non-disabled individuals. Muscular strength in the shoulder was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813391/physical-fitness-characteristics-of-adolescent-wushu-athletes
#10
Hsiao-Chien Huang, Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the physical fitness of wushu athletes in junior high schools and to compare their fitness with that of track-and-field and basketball athletes, as well as general junior high school students. METHODS: A total of 120 participants aged 12-15 years were recruited for this study (wushu N.=30; track-and-field N.=30; basketball N.=30; general students N.=30). Participants' height, weight, flexibility, muscle endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, agility, power, and static and dynamic balance were assessed and compared among sports groups and general students...
April 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232557/prevalence-of-electrocardiographic-abnormalities-in-young-elite-japanese-athletes
#11
Kazuto Omiya, Tomomi Suzuki, Norio Suzuki, Takanobu Mitarai, Manabu Takai, Emi Nakano, Hisao Matsuda, Haruki Musha
BACKGROUND: The question as to whether or not electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluations should be performed in all athletes is still controversial. So, in this study, the prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities was evaluated in young, elite Japanese athletes. METHODS: Subjects included 174 male and 101 female Japanese athletes (mean age, 21.5 years). Sports activities included baseball, basketball, diving, fencing, gymnastics, judo, rhythmic gymnastics, soccer, swimming, tennis, track and field, volleyball, and water polo...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015102/short-term-moderate-intensive-high-volume-training-program-provides-aerobic-endurance-benefit-in-wheelchair-basketball-players
#12
Kestutis Skucas, Vaida Pokvytyte
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of short-term period, moderate intensity and high volume endurance training on physiological variables in elite wheelchair basketball players. METHODS: Eight wheelchair basketball players were examined. The subjects participated in a two-week intervention program of mainly two training types: wheelchair basketball and wheelchair driving endurance training. The subjects performed the continuously increasing cycling exercise (CCE) at the constant 60 rpm arm cranking speed at the beginning of the program and after two weeks of the program...
April 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605193/relationship-of-body-mass-status-with-running-and-jumping-performances-in-young-basketball-players
#13
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Abbas Asadi, Eduardo J A M Santos, Julio Calleja-González, Johnny Padulo, Hamdi Chtourou, Erika Zemkova
PURPOSE: the main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of body mass (BM) status with running and jumping performances in young male basketball players. METHODS: basketball players (n=72, age 12.9±2.8 yrs), who were grouped into U-12 (9-12 yrs), U-15 (12-15 yrs) and U-18 (15-18 yrs), performed a battery of anthropometric, running and jumping tests. We examined differences among age groups, and between normal weight and overweight players. RESULTS: the results indicated significant and large differences among age groups in BM, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass, speed, endurance, standing long jump, countermovement jump (CMJ), mean power in 30 s jumping test (Pmean) (p<0...
July 2015: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589122/performance-in-sports-with-specific-emphasis-on-the-effect-of-intensified-training
#14
REVIEW
J Bangsbo
Performance in most sports is determined by the athlete's technical, tactical, physiological and psychological/social characteristics. In the present article, the physical aspect will be evaluated with a focus on what limits performance, and how training can be conducted to improve performance. Specifically how intensified training, i.e., increasing the amount of aerobic high-intensity and speed endurance training, affects physiological adaptations and performance of trained subjects. Periods of speed endurance training do improve performance in events lasting 30 s-4 min, and when combined with aerobic high-intensity sessions, also performance during longer events...
December 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26394451/reliability-and-validity-of-field-based-tests-to-assess-upper-body-muscular-strength-in-children-aged-6-12-years
#15
Jorge R Fernandez Santos, Jonatan R Ruiz, Jose Luis Gonzalez-Montesinos, Jose Castro-Piñero
The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability and the validity of the handgrip, basketball throw and pushups tests in children aged 6-12 years. One hundred and eighty healthy children (82 girls) agreed to participate in this study. All the upper body muscular fitness tests were performed twice (7 days apart) whereas the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press test was performed 2 days after the first session of testing. All the tests showed a high reproducibility (ICC > 0.9) except the push-ups test (intertrial difference = 0...
May 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301178/do-elite-athletes-live-longer-a-systematic-review-of-mortality-and-longevity-in-elite-athletes
#16
REVIEW
Srdjan Lemez, Joseph Baker
BACKGROUND: Understanding of an athlete's lifespan is limited with a much more sophisticated knowledge of their competitive careers and little knowledge of post-career outcomes. In this review, we consider the relationship between participation at elite levels of sport and mortality risk relative to other athletes and age- and sex-matched controls from the general population. Our objective was to identify, collate, and disseminate a comprehensive list of risk factors associated with longevity and trends and causes of mortality among elite athletes...
2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26070030/normative-data-for-regional-sweat-sodium-concentration-and-whole-body-sweating-rate-in-athletes
#17
Lindsay B Baker, Kelly A Barnes, Melissa L Anderson, Dennis H Passe, John R Stofan
The purpose of this study was to establish normative data for regional sweat sodium concentration ([Na+]) and whole-body sweating rate in athletes. Data from 506 athletes (367 adults, 139 youth; 404 male, 102 female) were compiled from observational athlete testing for a retrospective analysis. The participants were skill/team-sport (including American football, baseball, basketball, soccer and tennis) and endurance (including cycling, running and triathlon) athletes exercising in cool to hot environmental conditions (15-50 °C) during training or competition in the laboratory or field...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734781/does-testosterone-modulate-mood-states-and-physical-performance-in-young-basketball-players
#18
Bernardo Miloski, Marcelo S Aoki, Camila G de Freitas, Ademir F Schultz de Arruda, Helena S de Moraes, Gustavo Drago, Thiago O Borges, Alexandre Moreira
This study aimed to examine and compare mood states profile and physical performance during different training phases between 2 groups of adolescent basketball players that were differentiated according to baseline testosterone concentration (T). The basketball players were submitted to an intensified training period (OVL) followed by a tapering period (TP). Twenty-three young male basketball players initiated the study. Experimental criteria data were used to stratify 16 players into high-testosterone (HTC) or low-testosterone (LTC) concentration groups...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729153/sprint-agility-strength-and-endurance-capacity-in-wheelchair-basketball-players
#19
J Yanci, C Granados, M Otero, A Badiola, J Olasagasti, I Bidaurrazaga-Letona, A Iturricastillo, Sm Gil
The aims of the present study were, firstly, to determine the reliability and reproducibility of an agility T-test and Yo-Yo 10 m recovery test; and secondly, to analyse the physical characteristics measured by sprint, agility, strength and endurance field tests in wheelchair basketball (WB) players. 16 WB players (33.06 ± 7.36 years, 71.89 ± 21.71 kg and sitting body height 86.07 ± 6.82 cm) belonging to the national WB league participated in this study. Wheelchair sprint (5 and 20 m without ball, and 5 and 20 m with ball) agility (T-test and pick-up test) strength (handgrip and maximal pass) and endurance (Yo-Yo 10 m recovery test) were performed...
March 2015: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25713652/can-programmed-or-self-selected-physical-activity-affect-physical-fitness-of-adolescents
#20
Cláudio F Neto, Gabriel R Neto, Adenilson T Araújo, Maria S C Sousa, Juliana B C Sousa, Gilmário R Batista, Victor M M R Reis
The aim of this study was to verify the effects of programmed and self-selected physical activities on the physical fitness of adolescents. High school adolescents, aged between 15 and 17 years, were divided into two experimental groups: a) a self-selected physical activity group (PAS) with 55 students (aged 15.7 ± 0.7 years), who performed physical activities with self-selected rhythm at the following sports: basketball, volleyball, handball, futsal and swimming; and b) a physical fitness training group (PFT) with 53 students (aged 16...
September 29, 2014: Journal of Human Kinetics
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