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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438141/prevalence-of-toxocara-antibodies-among-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-ocular-toxocariasis-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-in-sri-lanka
#1
Devika Iddawela, Kiruthiha Ehambaram, Pemindra Bandara
BACKGROUND: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population...
April 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415121/p1113relationship-between-left-atrium-and-hypertensive-retinopathy-in-patients-with-systemic-hypertension-a-real-time-three-dimensional-echocardiography-based-study
#2
B Kanar, H S Kanar, A Karatay, M K Tigen
Background: The fundoscopic examination of hypertensive patients, which is an established hypertension-related target organ damage (TOD), tends to be underutilized in clinical practice. We sought to investigate the relationship between retinal alterations and left atrium (LA) volumes by means of real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE), which is the most pivotal predictor of diastolic dysfunction. Methods: Our population consisted of 88 consecutive essential hypertensive patients (age 59...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414665/a-case-of-early-neurosyphilis
#3
M Walker, R Wisler, J Simmons, A Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis is an infection of the central nervous system by Treponema pallidum, which can occur after the initial syphilis infection. Although commonly associated with late stage disease, patients with early neurosyphilis may present with acute syphilitic meningitis, meningovascular syphilis, or uveitis. CASE: A 28 year old man with a past medical history of HIV (CD4 364);, and recent diagnosis of uveitis presented to the Emergency Department with a positive RPR result...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355986/retinal-vasculopathy-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
N Gao, M T Li, Y H Li, S H Zhang, R P Dai, S Z Zhang, L D Zhao, L Wang, F C Zhang, Y Zhao, X F Zeng
A retrospective case control study was conducted in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Medical records were reviewed for demographic data, clinical features, laboratory results, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity evaluations, and ophthalmic examinations to investigate the clinical characteristics and significance of retinal vasculopathy (RV) in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The prevalence of RV was approximately 0.66% (35/5298) in SLE patients. A total of 60 eyes were involved...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346259/igg4-related-ophthalmic-disease-presenting-as-choroidal-and-orbital-lesions
#5
William S Gange, Stephen M Holland, Felipe De Alba
PURPOSE: To report a case of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) which presented as choroidal and orbital lesions. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 64-year-old man presented with left eye photopsias and a history of IgG4-related perirenal fibrosis. Fundoscopic examination showed multiple bilateral yellow choroidal lesions, and optical coherence tomography showed multiple choroidal lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging of the orbits showed an enhancing lesion present circumferential to the optic nerve, but greater medially, abutting the posterior surface of the left globe...
March 24, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333851/contralateral-vision-loss-after-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-case-report-of-purtscher-like-retinopathy-and-treatment-with-intravitreal-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#6
Hulya Gungel, Cigdem Altan, Belma Karini, Fatma E Ozdemir, Ozlem O Celebi
PURPOSE: To present a case of a patient with contralateral vision loss as a result of Purtscher-like retinopathy after an endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy and treatment with intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator injection. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 51-year-old woman who underwent a left endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy was referred with a complaint of decreased vision 1 day after surgery in her right eye. At the initial examination, the visual acuity of her right eye was hand motion...
March 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333176/efficacy-of-retrobulbar-hyaluronidase-injection-for-vision-loss-resulting-from-hyaluronic-acid-filler-embolization
#7
Guo-Zhang Zhu, Zhong-Sheng Sun, Wen-Xiong Liao, Bing Cai, Chun-Lin Chen, Hui-Hui Zheng, Li Zeng, Sheng-Kang Luo
Background: Vision loss is a rare but serious complication of facial hyaluronic acid (HA) filler injection, for which there is no proven rescue therapy. Retrobulbar hyaluronidase injection is advocated by many plastic surgeons as an emergency treatment, but has not been carefully assessed for its efficacy. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of retrobulbar hyaluronidase injection as a rescue treatment for vision loss caused by HA filler embolization. Methods: Patients with vision loss caused by HA filler embolization were treated with retrobulbar hyaluronidase injection...
January 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329999/bilateral-cystic-coloboma-with-microphtalmos-and-eyelid-agenesis-us-and-mri-findings
#8
Youssef Omor, Benjamin Dhaene, Veronique Toppet, Marie Cassart, Patrice Jissendi-Tchofo
INTRODUCTION: The combination of bilateral microphthalmos, cystic coloboma and eyelid agenesis is rare. The definite diagnosis of this malformation is established by fundoscopic examination and confirmed by imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This disorder may be associated with specific chromosomal abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 1-week-old male newborn was referred for bilateral eyelid agenesis. He was born at term by caesarean for foetal distress, after an uneventful gestation...
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328621/ocular-involvement-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Samuele Naviglio, Fulvio Parentin, Silvia Nider, Nicolò Rassu, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura
BACKGROUND: Data on ocular manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children are limited. Some authors have reported a high prevalence of asymptomatic uveitis, yet the significance of these observations is unknown and there are no recommendations on which ophthalmologic follow-up should be offered. METHODS: Children with IBD seen at a single referral center for pediatric gastroenterology were offered ophthalmologic evaluation as part of routine care for their disease...
March 21, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306635/ocular-fundus-photography-with-a-smartphone-device-in-acute-hypertension
#10
M Lorenza Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Michela Riviera, Clara Pintossi, Fabio Bertacchini, Efrem Colonetti, Claudia Agabiti-Rosei, Maurizio Poli, Francesco Semeraro, Enrico Agabiti-Rosei, Andrea Russo
BACKGROUND: The ocular fundus examination is infrequently and poorly performed in the emergency department (ED) clinical settings, placing patients at risk for missed diagnosis of hypertensive emergencies. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of the ocular fundus photography with a smartphone small optical device in an ED setting and to compare it with a traditional ocular fundus examination. METHODS: The study included 52 consecutive patients (mean age 69 ± 16 years, 50% women) presenting to a hospital ED with an acute increase in blood pressure (SBP > 180 and/or DBP > 100 mmHg)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237127/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-sickle-retinopathy-in-a-sub-saharan-comprehensive-sickle-cell-center
#11
A K Dembélé, B A Toure, Y S Sarro, A Guindo, B Fané, L Offredo, S Kené, I Conaré, O Tessougué, Y Traoré, Y Badiaga, M B Sidibé, D Diabaté, M Coulibaly, M Kanta, B Ranque, D A Diallo
INTRODUCTION: Retinopathy is a chronic complication with severe functional consequences in patients with sickle cell disease. Its prevalence is not well known in sub-Saharan Africa because of the absence of screening. We report here the results of a routine screening for sickle retinopathy in a Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Screening of sickle retinopathy was carried out in all sickle cell patients aged 10 and over, followed between 2010 and 2012...
February 22, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195618/preclinical-acute-ocular-safety-study-of-combined-intravitreal-carboplatin-and-etoposide-phosphate-for-retinoblastoma
#12
Brian G Mohney, Victor M Elner, Andrew B Smith, J William Harbour, Brian D Smith, David C Musch, Stephen J Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the ocular toxicity of intravitreal carboplatin and etoposide phosphate (VP16P) in Dutch-Belted rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two adult male Dutch-Belted rabbits (Cohort 1) each received a single, bilateral intravitreal injection (0.05 mL). For Cohort 1, safety was assessed via electroretinograms (ERGs) and ocular examination. Of nine total groups in Cohort 1, the first five received the following single agents: Group 1: normal saline; Group 2: VP16P 75 µg; Group 3: VP16P 100 µg; Group 4: carboplatin 4 µg; and Group 5: carboplatin 8 µg...
February 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108140/steroid-treatment-in-ocular-tuberculosis-a-double-edged-sword
#13
S Souissi, T David, L Beral
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a Caribbean patient with an atypical presentation of bilateral tuberculous chorioretinopathy. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman, with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes, was referred to our center for a sudden loss of vision in the right eye to hand motions. Ophthalmic examination revealed only right papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Laboratory examination revealed no signs of inflammation...
February 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073365/neurophthalmological-conditions-mimicking-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy-analysis-of-the-most-common-causes-of-misdiagnosis
#14
Diego Torres Dias, Michele Ushida, Roberto Battistella, Syril Dorairaj, Tiago Santos Prata
BACKGROUND: To analyze the most common neurophthalmological conditions that may mimic glaucomatous optic neuropathy and to determine which most often lead to misdiagnosis when evaluated by a glaucoma specialist. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of consecutive patients with optic neuropathies caused by neurophthalmological conditions screened in a single Eye Clinic within a period of 24 months. Within these enrolled patients, we selected the eyes whose fundoscopic appearance could resemble glaucoma based in pre-defined criteria (vertical cup-to-disc ratio ≥0...
January 10, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060136/purtscher-like-retinopathy-associated-with-adult-onset-still-disease
#15
Ralph Yachoui
PURPOSE: To describe clinical, laboratory, and funduscopic data of a patient presenting with newly diagnosed adult-onset Still disease and Purtscher-like retinopathy. METHODS: Observational case report. PATIENT: A 43-year-old man presented with a 3-week history of daily high-spiking fever, diffuse arthralgia and myalgia, sore throat, and a transient nonpruritic maculopapular rash. Two weeks from the onset of his illness, he developed a gradual decrease in visual acuity in both eyes...
January 2, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058156/paradoxical-worsening-of-tubercular-serpiginous-like-choroiditis-after-initiation-of-antitubercular-therapy
#16
Ebru Esen, Selçuk Sızmaz, Zeynep Kunt, Nihal Demircan
In this study, a case with tubercular choroiditis showing severe macular edema and progression of choroidal lesions following initiation of antitubercular treatment is presented and the management of posterior uveitis associated with tuberculosis is evaluated. A 40-year-old female patient was admitted with decreased vision in her right eye and her fundoscopic examination revealed serpiginous choroiditis. It was learned from her medical history that she had taken antitubercular therapy 9 years ago. Mantoux tuberculin skin test showed an area of induration measuring 15 mm and a positive interferon-gamma release assay was documented...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040527/study-of-the-radial-peripapillary-capillary-network-in-congenital-optic-disc-anomalies-with-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#17
Gilda Cennamo, Claudia Rossi, Pasquale Ruggiero, Giuseppe de Crecchio, Giovanni Cennamo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the radial peripapillary capillary network with optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT) in morning glory syndrome (MGS), optic disc colobomas, and optic disc pits, and to explore possible correlations between the neural vascular structure and the pathogenesis of congenital optic disc anomalies. DESIGN: Prospective observational comparative case series. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients with congenital optic disc anomalies were enrolled in this study...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928402/neuroimaging-features-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-persist-after-resolution-of-papilloedema
#18
Randy O Chang, Brigid K Marshall, Noushin Yahyavi, Aseem Sharma, Julia Huecker, Mae O Gordon, Collin McClelland, Gregory P Van Stavern
Papilloedema is a key clinical finding in the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). However, newly proposed criteria allow diagnosis without papilloedema only if certain neuroimaging features are present. It is currently unclear if these findings persist upon resolution of papilloedema and IIH. A retrospective chart review identified three groups of patients (six per group) who had received orbital imaging within 4 weeks of fundoscopic examination: (1) IIH patients without active papilloedema, (2) IIH patients with active papilloedema, and (3) patients with no history of IIH or papilloedema...
August 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882002/a-simple-integrated-primary-health-care-based-model-for-detection-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-resource-limited-settings-in-pakistani-population
#19
Ali Jawa, Muhammad Zaman Khan Assir, Syed Hunain Riaz, Rashin Chaudhary, Farooq Awan, Javed Akram
OBJECTIVE: To find out prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in general population of three districts in Pakistan. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted in three large districts of Pakistan namely Rawalpindi in Punjab, Peshawar in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa and Hyderabad in Sindh between January 2013 and August 2015. Lady Health Workers identified individuals at high risk for diabetes based on pre-defined criteria. High risk population was tested for dysglycemia...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858370/intracranial-hypertension-in-cystinosis-is-a-challenge-experience-in-a-children-s-hospital
#20
Nieves Martín-Begué, Silvia Alarcón, Charlotte Wolley-Dod, Luis Enrique Lara, Álvaro Madrid, Paola Cano, Mireia Del Toro, Gema Ariceta
BACKGROUND: Cystinosis is a rare systemic lysosomal disease affecting mainly the kidney and eye. Ocular involvement in cystinosis is universal being the presence of cystine crystals in the cornea a diagnostic criterion and one of the earliest manifestations of the disease. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations are considered a rare and late complication in these patients. The aim of this article is to report the unexpectedly high incidence of intracranial hypertension in children with cystinosis at our centre...
November 18, 2016: JIMD Reports
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