Read by QxMD icon Read


Yi-Yung Hung
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the brain's inflammatory status can lead to psychopathological responses, especially depression. Using animal models, recent studies have revealed that this pathology is due, in part, to innate immune responses of monocytes. METHODS: We focus on the involvement of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and expression of genes encoding their negative regulators, SOCS1, TOLLIP, SIGIRR, MyD88s, NOD2, and TNFAIP3, in CD14+ monocytes from 34 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 33 healthy controls before and after treatment with antidepressants...
June 13, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
Jie Wu, Zerun Jiang, Chen Chen, Qingsong Hu, Ziyi Fu, Junjie Chen, Zhangding Wang, Qiang Wang, Aiping Li, Jeffrey R Marks, Changying Guo, Yun Chen, Jianwei Zhou, Liuqing Yang, Chunru Lin, Shouyu Wang
As a class of endogenous noncoding RNAs, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been recently identified to regulate tumourigenesis and progression in multiple malignancies. However, the expression profiles and function of circRNAs in breast cancer metastasis are largely unknown. Here, we determined that the expression of a novel circRNA, which we named circIRAK3, was increased in metastatic breast cancer (BC) cells and predictive of BC recurrence. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in BC cells demonstrated that circIRAK3 promoted cell migration, invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo but did not affect cell proliferation, colony formation or cell cycle progression...
August 28, 2018: Cancer Letters
Frederik Heldt, Hannah Wallaschek, Tim Ripperger, Susanne Morlot, Thomas Illig, Thomas Eggermann, Brigitte Schlegelberger, Caroline Scholz, Doris Steinemann
We report here on the first family with short stature and Silver-Russell-like phenotype due to a microdeletion in 12q14.3. The Netchine-Harbison clinical scoring system was used for the clinical diagnosis of Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS). The three affected first-degree relatives (index patient, mother and brother) presented with prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, feeding difficulties, a prominent forehead and a failure to thrive, but did not show relative macrocephaly. In addition, our index patient showed dysmorphic facial features, periodically increased sweating, and scoliosis...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Xuefeng He, Xiang Ding, Duangai Wen, Jianquan Hou, Jigen Ping, Jun He
OBJECTIVES: In our previous study, we displayed that knockdown of Opa interacting protein 5 (OIP5) inhibited cell growth, disturbed cell cycle and increased cell apoptosis in bladder cancer (BC) cell line. Our present study aimed to explore the underlying pathways and interaction network involved in the roles of OIP5 in BC. METHODS: Microarray analysis was conducted to obtain mRNA expression profiling of OIP5 knockdown (shOIP5) and control (shCtrl) BC cell lines...
August 1, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
S Bek, A B Bojesen, J V Nielsen, J Sode, S Bank, U Vogel, V Andersen
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects ~1% of the Caucasian population. Over the last decades, the availability of biological drugs targeting the proinflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor α, anti-TNF drugs, has improved the treatment of patients with RA. However, one-third of the patients do not respond to the treatment. We wanted to evaluate the status of pharmacogenomics of anti-TNF treatment. We performed a PubMed literature search and all studies reporting original data on associations between genetic variants and anti-TNF treatment response in RA patients were included and results evaluated by meta-analysis...
October 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Robert Newton, Suharsh Shah, Mohammed O Altonsy, Antony N Gerber
Inflammatory signals induce feedback and feedforward systems that provide temporal control. Although glucocorticoids can repress inflammatory gene expression, glucocorticoid receptor recruitment increases expression of negative feedback and feedforward regulators, including the phosphatase, DUSP1, the ubiquitin-modifying enzyme, TNFAIP3, or the mRNA-destabilizing protein, ZFP36. Moreover, glucocorticoid receptor cooperativity with factors, including nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), may enhance regulator expression to promote repression...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Katherine J Baines, Juan-Juan Fu, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson
BACKGROUND: Exacerbations of asthma and COPD are a major cause of morbidity and mortality and are responsible for significant health care costs. This study further investigates interleukin (IL)-1 pathway activation and its relationship with exacerbations of asthma and COPD. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 95 participants with stable asthma (n=35) or COPD (n=60) were recruited and exacerbations recorded over the following 12 months. Gene expressions of IL-1 pathway biomarkers, including the IL-1 receptors (IL1R1, IL1R2, and IL1RN), and signaling molecules (IRAK2, IRAK3, and PELI1), were measured in sputum using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
S Alonso, X Mayol, L Nonell, S Salvans, M Pascual, M Pera
AIM: Anastomotic leak is associated with higher rates of recurrence after surgery for colorectal cancer. However, the mechanisms responsible are unknown. We hypothesized that the infection-induced inflammatory response may induce overexpression of tumour progression-related genes in immune cells. The aim was to investigate the effect of postoperative intra-abdominal infection on the gene expression patterns of peripheral blood leucocytes (PBL) after surgery for colorectal cancer. METHOD: Prospective matched cohort study...
May 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Zhongping Xu, Monal Sharma, Andrew Gelman, Ramsey Hachem, Thalachallour Mohanakumar
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were recently identified as modulators of immune responses after human lung transplantation (LTx). This study was undertaken to assess the contribution of miRNAs to the pathogenesis of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) after LTx. METHODS: Of the 39 recipients, 14 (35.9%) developed Grade 3 PGD (i.e., severe PGD) within the first 72 hours of LTx. The remaining 25 recipients (64.1%) had Grade 2 or less PGD, and served as the control group...
March 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
J Sode, U Vogel, S Bank, P S Andersen, M L Hetland, H Locht, N H H Heegaard, V Andersen
Several genetic variants in Toll-like receptor (TLR) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signalling pathways have been reported associated with responsiveness to tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (anti-TNF) treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was undertaken to replicate these findings. In a retrospective case-case study including 1007 Danish anti-TNF-treated RA patients, we genotyped 7 previously reported associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these pathways. Furthermore, 5 SNPs previously reported by our group were genotyped in a subcohort (N=469)...
January 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Alexander Asmussen, Katrin Fink, Hans-Jörg Busch, Thomas Helbing, Natascha Bourgeois, Christoph Bode, Sebastian Grundmann
BACKGROUND: Whole body ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) induces a generalized inflammatory response which contributes to the development of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). Recently, pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and inflammasomes, have been shown to mediate the inflammatory response in IRI. In this study we investigated monocyte PRR signaling and function in PCAS. METHODS: Blood samples were drawn in the first 12 hours, and at 24 and 48 hours following return of spontaneous circulation in 51 survivors after cardiac arrest...
June 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Robin T Varghese, Yanping Liang, Ting Guan, Christopher T Franck, Deborah F Kelly, Zhi Sheng
Cancer biomarkers with a strong predictive power for diagnosis/prognosis and a potential to be therapeutic targets have not yet been fully established. Here we employed a loss-of-function screen in glioblastoma (GBM), an infiltrative brain tumor with a dismal prognosis, and identified 20 survival kinase genes (SKGs). Survival analyses using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets revealed that the expression of CDCP1, CDKL5, CSNK1E, IRAK3, LATS2, PRKAA1, STK3, TBRG4, and ULK4 stratified GBM prognosis with or without temozolomide (TMZ) treatment as a covariate...
April 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Jian Liu, David A Copland, Sofia Theodoropoulou, Hsi An Amy Chiu, Miriam Durazo Barba, Ka Wang Mak, Matthias Mack, Lindsay B Nicholson, Andrew D Dick
Age-related decreases in autophagy contribute to the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We have now studied the interaction between autophagy impaired in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the responses of macrophages. We find that dying RPE cells can activate the macrophage inflammasome and promote angiogenesis. In vitro, inhibiting rotenone-induced autophagy in RPE cells elicits caspase-3 mediated cell death. Co-culture of damaged RPE with macrophages leads to the secretion of IL-1β, IL-6 and nitrite oxide...
2016: Scientific Reports
Anna González-Rascón, Verónica Mata-Haro
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are similar in importance to transcription factors and critical to confer accuracy and robustness in gene expression programs and consequently, have emerged as controllers of the immune response. On the other hand, probiotic influence over immune responses against a wide spectrum of health conditions are widely studied but the mechanism for this modulation has not yet completely elucidated. One proposed mechanism involves the receptor-mediated interaction of dendritic cells with components of the cellular membrane and/or secreted peptides of probiotics ending with the production of cytokines...
2015: MicroRNA
Javier C Angulo, Guillermo Andrés, Nadia Ashour, Manuel Sánchez-Chapado, Jose I López, Santiago Ropero
PURPOSE: Detection of DNA hypermethylation has emerged as a novel molecular biomarker for prostate cancer diagnosis and evaluation of prognosis. We sought to define whether a hypermethylation profile of patients with prostate cancer on androgen deprivation would predict castrate resistant prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genome-wide methylation analysis was performed using a methylation cancer panel in 10 normal prostates and 45 tumor samples from patients placed on androgen deprivation who were followed until castrate resistant disease developed...
March 2016: Journal of Urology
Maarten W G A Bronkhorst, Peter Patka, Esther M M Van Lieshout
Infectious complications, sepsis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) remain important causes for morbidity and mortality in patients who survive the initial trauma. Increasing evidence suggests that genetic variants, particularly single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), are critical determinants for interindividual differences in both inflammatory responses and clinical outcome in sepsis patients. Although the effect of SNPs on sepsis and MODS has been studied in many populations and diseases, this review aimed to summarize the current knowledge on the effect of SNPs on infectious complication specifically in trauma patients...
November 2015: Shock
K Lei, E X Georgiou, L Chen, A Yulia, S R Sooranna, J J Brosens, P R Bennett, M R Johnson
Progesterone (P4) maintains uterine quiescence during pregnancy and its functional withdrawal is associated with increased prostaglandin synthesis and the onset of labor. In primary human myometrial cells, the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) rather than the P4 receptor mediates P4 antagonism of IL-1β-induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression, the rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandin synthesis. We now report that P4 also acts via GR to induce MAPK phosphatase (MKP)-1 and knockdown of MKP-1 impairs the ability of P4 to repress IL-1β-dependent COX-2 induction...
October 2015: Molecular Endocrinology
S J Shan, D Z Liu, L Wang, Y Y Zhu, F M Zhang, T Li, L G An, G W Yang
In this study, the full-length complementary (c)DNA of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 gene (irak1) was cloned from common carp Cyprinus carpio. The complete open reading frame of irak1 contained 2109 bp encoding a protein of 702 amino acid residues that comprised a death domain, a ProST region, a serine-threonine-specific protein kinase catalytic domain and a C-terminal domain. The amino-acid sequence of C. carpio Irak1 protein shared sequence homology with grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus (84...
August 2015: Journal of Fish Biology
Hun-Jun Park, Ji Heon Noh, Jung Woo Eun, Yoon-Seok Koh, Suk Min Seo, Won Sang Park, Jung Young Lee, Kiyuk Chang, Ki Bae Seung, Pum-Joon Kim, Suk Woo Nam
Blood transcriptome reflects the status of diseases, and characteristic molecular signature provides a novel window on gene expression preceding acute coronary events. We aim to determine blood transcriptome-based molecular signature of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and to identify novel serum biomarkers for early stage ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We obtained peripheral blood from the patients with ACS who visited emergency department within 4 hours after the onset of chest pain: STEMI (n = 10), Non-ST-segment-elevation MI (NSTEMI, n = 10) and unstable angina (UA, n = 11)...
May 30, 2015: Oncotarget
Chih-Chi Kuo, Yu-Lueng Shih, Her-Young Su, Ming-De Yan, Chung-Bao Hsieh, Chin-Yu Liu, Wei-Ting Huang, Mu-Hsien Yu, Ya-Wen Lin
AIM: To examine the methylation levels of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 3 (IRAK3) and GLOXD1 and their potential clinical applications in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: mRNA expression and promoter methylation of IRAK3 and GLOXD1 in HCC cells were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and methylation-specific PCR (MSP), respectively. Using pyrosequencing results, we further established a quantitative MSP (Q-MSP) system for the evaluation of IRAK3 and GLOXD1 methylation in 29 normal controls and 160 paired HCC tissues and their adjacent nontumor tissues...
April 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"