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Oxygen concentrator

Elisabetta Morelli, Edi Gabellieri, Alessandra Bonomini, Danika Tognotti, Giacomo Grassi, Ilaria Corsi
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been widely employed in industrial applications, thus rising concern about their impact in the aquatic environment. In this study we investigated the chemical behaviour of TiO2 NPs in the culture medium and its effect on the green alga Dunaliella tertiolecta, in terms of growth inhibition, oxidative stress, ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) accumulation and chlorophyll content. In addition, the influence of exopolymeric substances (EPS) excreted by the microalgae on the stability of NPs has been evaluated...
October 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Charlotte Marchand, Michel Mench, Yahya Jani, Fabio Kaczala, Peter Notini, Mohamed Hijri, William Hogland
A pilot scale experiment was conducted to investigate the aided-phytoextraction of metals and the aided-phytodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC) in a co-contaminated soil. First, this soil was amended with compost (10% w/w) and assembled into piles (Unp-10%C). Then, a phyto-cap of Medicago sativa L. either in monoculture (MS-10%C) or co-cropped with Helianthus annuus L. as companion planting (MSHA-10%C) was sown on the topsoil. Physico-chemical parameters and contaminants in the soil and its leachates were measured at the beginning and the end of the first growth season (after five months)...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Zhenhua Zhao, Liling Xia, Xin Jiang, Yanzheng Gao
The effects of different water-saving modes on PAHs residue and risk, field environment conditions and enzyme activities in paddy field were investigated in a field experiment plot in Laoyaba, Nanjing, China. Results showed that (1) water-saving treatment affected greatly the ΣPAHs in water and soil. The order of ΣPAHs residue in surface water and groundwater in farmland is as follows: dry fields<water-saving paddy field<flooding irrigation paddy field. The ΣPAHs in water during rice tillering stage were obviously higher than that in rice booting stage and milky stage, and the percentage of high-ring PAHs gradually reduced in water...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Desirée Bartolini, Luca Sancineto, Andreza Fabro de Bem, Kenneth D Tew, Claudio Santi, Rafael Radi, Pierangelo Toquato, Francesco Galli
In vitro and in vivo experimental models clearly demonstrate the efficacy of Se compounds as anticancer agents, contingent upon chemical structures and concentrations of test molecules, as well as on the experimental model under investigation that together influence cellular availability of compounds, their molecular dynamics and mechanism of action. The latter includes direct and indirect redox effects on cellular targets by the activation and altered compartmentalization of molecular oxygen, and the interaction with protein thiols and Se proteins...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
Yang Liu, Yahui Yang, Qiong Liu, Yaomin Li, Jie Lin, Wenzhang Li, Jie Li
H2O, as a product of reduced reaction by H2, may affect the chemical equilibrium according to the changing of the pressure ratio of H2O/H2 in the system. Meanwhile, the performance may also be influenced by adsorption of H2O on the surface of the material. In this work, the effect of H2O is studied by reducing plate-like array WO3 films under different pressure ratio of H2O/H2. It is controlled by changing the water temperature in the washing bottle through which the Ar/H2 (80:20) gas flows. The higher water vapor pressure not only decreases the content of W(5+) but also increases the content of surface hydroxyl groups in the WO3 films...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Supanan Anuchai, Sukon Phanichphant, Doldet Tantraviwat, Prayoonsak Pluengphon, Thiti Bovornratanaraks, Burapat Inceesungvorn
The introduction of oxygen vacancies (Vos) into tin dioxide crystal structure has been found as an effective method to improve its photocatalytic performance. Herein, oxygen-deficient tin dioxide (SnO2-x) nanocrystals were successfully prepared via a facile, one-step hydrothermal method at the temperature lower than those reported previously. The effect of hydrothermal temperature on phase composition and Vos content was also firstly investigated. Due to its high oxygen vacancy concentration, the SnO2-x prepared at 80 °C provides the best photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange under UV-visible light...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Erming Ouyang, Yao Lu, Jiating Ouyang, Lele Wang, Xiaohui Wang
Gibberellin wastewater cannot be directly discharged without treatment due to its high concentrations of sulfate and organic compounds and strong acidity. Therefore, multi-stage anaerobic bioreactor + micro-aerobic+ anoxic/aeration (A/O) + biological contact oxidation combined processes are used to treat gibberellin wastewater. However, knowledge of the treatment effects of the A/O process and bacterial community structure in the aeration tank reactors of such systems is sparse. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the treatment effects and operation of the A/O process on gibberellin wastewater, as well as changes in the bacterial community structure of activated sludge in the aeration tank during treatment...
2017: PloS One
Artur Beberok, Dorota Wrześniok, Martyna Szlachta, Jakub Rok, Zuzanna Rzepka, Michalina Respondek, Ewa Buszman
Although some fluoroquinolones have been found to exert anti-tumor activity, studies on the effect of these drugs on melanoma cells are relatively rare. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of lomefloxacin on cell viability, reactive oxygen species production, redox balance, cell cycle distribution, DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis in COLO829 melanoma cells. Lomefloxacin decreases the cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. For COLO829 cells treated with the drug for 24, 48, and 72 h, the values of IC50 were found to be 0...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Asad M Iqbal, Ghulam Hassnain Jaffari, Mohsin Saleemi, Abdullah Ceylan
We present the frequency- and temperature-dependent dielectric response of Eu1-x Ba x TiO3 (0  ⩽  x  ⩽  0.5) in detail. Excluding grain boundary effects, four relaxation mechanisms were observed. Relaxation dynamics were observed to arise due to hopping conduction associated with defects, namely oxygen vacancies as well as Eu(3+) and Ti(3+) ions. Dielectric relaxation analysis led to the identification of Ti ions in two different environments with different relaxation rates in the overall EuTiO3 perovskite structure...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Yang Zhang, Jinyin Yan, Lu Wang, Hao Dai, Ning Li, Wanning Hu, Haifeng Cai
OBJECTIVE: Many malignant tumors grow in hypoxic condition, which is associated with tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. MicroRNAs are of great significance in the development of multiple malignant tumors. This study cultured breast cancer cell MCF-7 under the condition of different concentrations of oxygen, to test cell proliferation and invasion, and detect miR-210 expression, aiming to analyze the influence of hypoxia on breast cancer cell behaviors as well as miR-210 expressions...
October 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Cindrella Das, Nagappa Ramaiah, Elroy Pereira, K Naseera
This study evaluated the bioremediation potential of two marine microalgae Chlorella sp. and Phormidium sp., both individually and in consortium, to reduce various pollutants in tannery wastewater (TW). The microalgae were grown in hazardous 100% TW for 20 days, and the reductions in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorous (TP), chromium (Cr) and total dissolved solids (TDS) of the wastewater monitored periodically. Both marine isolates reduced the BOD and COD by ≥90% in the consortium and by over 80% individually...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Fernanda Carvalho de Santana, Lucillia Rabelo de Oliveira Torres, Fernanda Branco Shinagawa, Ana Mara de Oliveira E Silva, Luciana Tedesco Yoshime, Illana Louise Pereira de Melo, Paulo Sergio Marcellini, Jorge Mancini-Filho
The conditions for the solid-liquid extraction of the antioxidant polyphenol compounds from yellow passion fruit seeds were optimized by response surface methodology with the following variables as the extraction parameters: extraction time (12.8-147.2 min), ethanol concentration (13-97%), and temperature (16.4-83.6 °C). The polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity, which were assessed by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, β-carotene bleaching assay, and ferric reducing antioxidant power assay, were considered dependent variables...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Stanley Irobekhian Reuben Okoduwa, Bernard Igiri, Chinyere Blessing Udeh, Chidi Edenta, Balli Gauje
The quest for an effective alternative means for effluent treatment is a major concern of the modern-day scientist. Fungi have been attracting a growing interest for the biological treatment of industrial wastewater. In this study, Saccharomycescerevisiae and Torulasporadelbrueckii were isolated from spoiled watermelon and inoculated into different concentrations of effluent. The inoculants were incubated for 21-days to monitor the performance of the isolates by measurement of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrates, conductivity, phosphates, sulphates and turbidity...
February 4, 2017: Toxics
Yang Huang, Tianju Ma, Zi Ye, Hang Li, Yang Zhao, Wenqian Chen, Yu Fu, Zheng Ye, Ang Sun, Zhaohui Li
Lens epithelial cells (LECs) play a critical role in the maintenance of clear crystalline lens. Previously, we reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) can protect LECs from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress, however, to the best of our knowledge, these protection mechanisms have not yet been explained. As carbon monoxide (CO) is an active by-product of heme degradation, we investigated its cytoprotective mechanism in both H2O2-treated human LECs (SRA 01/04) and primary rabbit LECs...
October 16, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
Maja Wiklund, Izabella Granswed, Görel Nyman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pulsed inhaled nitric oxide (INO) on arterial oxygenation in horses during abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Thirty horses that underwent abdominal surgery at the University Animal Hospital in Uppsala, Sweden. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced according to a standard protocol - romifidine, butorphanol, diazepam and ketamine and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen...
April 17, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Alejandra Bermúdez-Oria, Guillermo Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Blanca Vioque, Fátima Rubio-Senent, Juan Fernández-Bolaños
This study describes the development of a composite edible film based on pectin and fish skin protein capable of protecting food from microbial attack and oxidative degradation. The film was prepared with glycerol as plasticizer and the antioxidant and antimicrobial phenolic compounds hydroxytyrosol (HT) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol (DHPG), extracted from olive fruit, as active agents. The influence of the concentration of plasticizer and active HT/DHPG on the mechanical and functional properties of the films was investigated, with values of water vapor permeability (WVP) between 0...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
I B Obot, Ikenna B Onyeachu, A Madhan Kumar
Sodium alginate (SA), a polysaccharide biopolymer, has been studied as an effective inhibitor against the corrosion of API X60 steel in neutral 3.5% NaCl using gravimetric and electrochemical techniques (OCP, EIS and EFM). The inhibition efficiency of the SA increased with concentration but was lower at higher temperature (70°C). Electrochemical measurements showed that the SA shifted the steel corrosion potential to more positive value and reduced the kinetics of corrosion by forming an adsorbed layer which mitigated the steel surface wetting, based on contact angle measurement...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Dong-Hai Yuan, Jiang-Wei He, Chong-Wei Li, Xu-Jing Guo, Ying Xiong, Chen-Ling Yan
The water-purification performance of grassy swales for treating stormwater road runoff was evaluated using a simulated experimental device in two different seasons. The results showed that the removal rates for total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) reached 89.90%, 56.71%, 32.37%, and 19.67%, respectively, in summer, and 34.09%, 7.75%, 56.71%, and 13.33%, respectively, in winter, suggesting that grassy swales showed higher water purification performance in summer than in winter...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
S Mattioli, A Dal Bosco, S Ruggeri, M Martino, L Moscati, C Pesca, C Castellini
The adaptation of chickens to free-range rearing systems mainly involves the locomotory behavior, which is very different in fast-growing (FG) and slow-growing (SG) strains. This study aimed to compare the effect of moderate locomotory activity (induced and prolonged) on the blood oxidative status in a slow-growing chicken strain with that in a fast-growing one. Thirty FG (Ross 308) birds and 30 SG (Hubbard) birds were divided into 2 groups for each strain and subjected to different treatments: no exercise (the control group [C]) and 1 h of walking at 4 km/h (the exercise group [E])...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Juan Cen, Beibei Zheng, Rubing Bai, Li Zhang, Feng Zhang, Xia Zhang
Triterpenoids from the Aglaia have been shown cytotoxicity on a broad spectrum of human tumor cells. In the present study, we extracted triterpenoids AA-5 (1) and AA-6 (2) from stems of Aglaia abbreviata, and studied their cytotoxicity in multidrug resistant (MDR) MCF-7/ADM cells. After 48 h treatment, AA-5 (1) and AA-6 (2) significantly increased mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis by enhancing reactive oxygen species (ROS) with depressed mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase-9 activities. The drug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the intracellular antioxidant systems, involving Glutathione S-Transferase π, Glutathione and heme oxygenase-1, were also inhibited via the ROS-depressed Akt/NF-E2-related factor 2 pathway...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
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