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Obesity and trauma

S Pscherer, A Nüssler, C Bahrs, M Reumann, C Ihle, U Stöckle, S Ehnert, T Freude, B G Ochs, I Flesch, P Ziegler
Background: The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is also reflected in the patient population of a trauma and orthopaedic centre. Diabetics also exhibit more comorbidities than non-diabetics. In addition to surgical problems in these patients, hospitalisation is often accompanied by complications, which can prolong treatment and increase costs. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyse hospitalisation of diabetics compared to non-diabetics, as well as differences in treatment costs, depending on associated age and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Mamdooh Abdullah Gari, Mohammed AlKaff, Haneen S Alsehli, Ashraf Dallol, Abdullah Gari, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Roaa Kadam, Mohammed F Abuzinadah, Mazin Gari, Adel M Abuzenadah, Kalamegam Gauthaman, Heba Alkhatabi, Mohammed M Abbas
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive joint disease characterized by gradual degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in the cartilage and bone. The ECM of cartilage is a highly specified structure that is mainly composed of type II collagen and provides tensile strength to the tissue via aggrecan and proteoglycans. However, changes in the ECM composition and structure can lead to loss of collagen type II and network integrity. Several risk factors have been correlated with OA including age, genetic predisposition, hereditary factors, obesity, mechanical injuries, and joint trauma...
October 10, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
Marta Crous-Bou, Laura B Harrington, Christopher Kabrhel
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors contributes to VTE risk. Within environmental risk factors, some are provoking (e.g., cancer, surgery, trauma or fracture, immobilization, pregnancy and the postpartum period, long-distance travel, hospitalization, catheterization, and acute infection) and others are nonprovoking (e.g., age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index and obesity, oral contraceptive or hormone therapy use, corticosteroid use, statin use, diet, physical activity, sedentary time, and air pollution)...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Nathan Vaughan, Jeff Tweed, Cynthia Greenwell, David M Notrica, Crystal S Langlais, Shawn D St Peter, Charles M Leys, Daniel J Ostlie, R Todd Maxson, Todd Ponsky, David W Tuggle, James W Eubanks, Amina Bhatia, Cynthia Greenwell, Nilda M Garcia, Karla A Lawson, Prasenjeet Motghare, Robert W Letton, Adam C Alder
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an epidemic in the pediatric population. Childhood obesity in trauma has been associated with increased incidence of long-bone fractures, longer ICU stays, and decreased closed head injuries. We investigated for differences in the likelihood of failure of non-operative management (NOM), and injury grade using a subset of a multi-institutional, prospective database of pediatric patients with solid organ injury (SOI). METHODS: We prospectively collected data on all pediatric patients (<18years) admitted for liver or splenic injury from September 2013 to January 2016...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Emmanuel Caruana, Sylvie Chevret, Romain Pirracchio
BACKGROUND: The benefit of cricoid pressure during tracheal intubation is still debated and, due to its potential negative impact on laryngeal views, its routine use is questioned. The goal of this study was to estimate its impact on laryngeal view. METHODS: All patients intubated in the prehospital setting were included. Three different propensity score (PS) models were used and compared in terms of the balance achieved between those patients who received cricoid pressure and those who did not...
September 30, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Heather K Vincent, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laura A Zdziarski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jennifer Hagen, JoAnna M McClelland, Kalia K Sadasivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Arif Ahmad, Jason Jorge Arellano, Ashish Agarwala, Zoe Ahmad, Zoha Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic bariatric surgery requires retraction of the left lobe of the liver to provide adequate exposure of the hiatus and the stomach. Currently used approaches utilize retractors that require additional incisions and prolong operative time. OBJECTIVES: A retrospective evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a percutaneous liver retractor in a large series of patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. SETTING: Private practice, United States...
August 18, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Jessie Biles, Alan A Garner
INTRODUCTION: Although harness suspension trauma has been documented since the 1960s, especially in the mountaineering setting, there is little robust medical research into the area. Helicopter hoist rescue shares similar risks and is reserved for those cases that cannot be accessed safely by other routes, where extrication may be hazardous or will take an unreasonable amount of time. The single sling or chest harness used for hoist rescue is a single harness around the upper torso and is easier and quicker to apply than a stretcher...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Nabil A Ebraheim, Grant S Buchanan, Xiaochen Liu, Maxwell E Cooper, Nicholas Peters, Jacob A Hessey, Jiayong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To report and evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing definitive treatment for distal femur nonunion after initial treatment with a locking plate. METHODS: Fourteen patients who had undergone definitive treatment at an academic Level 1 trauma center from May 2007 to December 2013 for distal femur nonunion were identified from a fracture database. Thirteen of them were female; the average age was 65 years (range, 50-84 years). Ten patients had sustained their injuries in falls at ground level, and four in motor vehicle accidents...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Bernard F Fuemmeler, Pamela Behrman, Maija Taylor, Rebeccah Sokol, Emily Rothman, Lisette T Jacobson, Danielle Wischenka, Kenneth P Tercyak
To maintain positive health outcomes over the life course, prevention efforts should begin early in childhood. Two research domains that significantly impact the trajectory of health over the life course are childhood obesity and early trauma and violence. Prevention strategies addressing multiple levels of influence are being adopted in these fields. Childhood obesity prevention efforts no longer focus solely on individuals, but embrace multiple ecological levels, such as family, school, and community. Similarly, research on early trauma and violence has broadened to consider risk and protective factors across domains of influence...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Ngoh C Liew, Gina V Alemany, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Soo M Bang, Gordon Choi, Deidre A De Silva, Ji M Hong, Limi Lee, Yong J Li, Ganesan N Rajamoney, John Suviraj, Thiam C Tan, Eric Tse, Li T Teo, Julie Jvisperas, Raymond S Wong, Lai H Lee
The Asian venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis guidelines was first published in 2012. Since its first edition, the Asian Venous Thrombosis Forum (AVTF) working group have updated the Asian VTE epidemiology and reviewed issues that were not addressed in the previous guidelines. The authors noted that the rising incidence of VTE across Asia may be attributable to aging population, dietary changes, and increasing incidence of obesity and diabetes. The new additions in the guideline include role of thrombophilia in VTE, bleeding risk in Asians, individual risk assessment, updates in the prevention of VTE in medically ill, bariatric surgery, cancer, orthopaedic and trauma patients...
September 8, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Maria M Llabre, Neil Scneiderman, Linda C Gallo, William Arguelles, Martha L Daviglus, Franklyn Gonzalez, Carmen R Isasi, Krista M Perreira, Frank J Penedo
OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are implicated in diseases of adulthood. We report the prevalence of ACEs in Hispanics/Latinos in the US and their association with major risk factors and diseases in adulthood. METHODS: Data from the Sociocultural Ancillary Study of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) were used. The Sociocultural Ancillary Study of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos is an epidemiological study conducted in four urban communities in the US: Bronx, Chicago, Miami, and San Diego...
September 7, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Emanuela Viviani, Anna Maria Giribono, Donatella Narese, Doriana Ferrara, Giuseppe Servillo, Luca Del Guercio, Umberto Marcello Bracale
Compartment syndrome (CS) is a pathological increase of the interstitial pressure within the closed osseous fascial compartments. Trauma is the most common cause, followed by embolization, burns, and iatrogenic injuries; it usually involves the limbs. The major issue when dealing with CS is the possibility to do an early diagnosis in order to intervene precociously, through a fasciotomy, reducing the risk of tissue, vascular and nervous damage. Although it is an infrequent condition, it is potentially life threatening...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Teresa Maria Bell, Demetria R Bayt, Charles B Siedlecki, Samantha M Stokes, Joseph Yoder, Peter Jenkins, Alison M Fecher
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a public health concern in the United States due to its increasing prevalence, especially in younger age groups. Trauma is the most common cause of death for people under aged 40 y. The purpose of this study is to determine the association between obesity and specific infectious complications after traumatic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Trauma Data Bank. The National Trauma Data Bank defined obesity as having a body mass index of 30 or greater...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Osama Farouk, Dalia G Mahran, Hatem G Said, Mohamed M Alaa, Amr Atef Eisa, Galal Z Said, Heba Rashed, Azza Ez-Eldeen
INTRODUCTION: Despite abundant sunshine, hypovitaminosis D is common in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and related correlates among patients with hip fracture in Assiut University Hospitals in Upper Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 133 patients with hip fracture, aged 50 years and older, admitted to Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals, from January through December 2014...
September 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Christian Willy, Michael Engelhardt, Marcus Stichling, Onnen Grauhan
Surgical site occurrences are observed in up to 60% of inpatient surgical procedures in industrialised countries. The most relevant postoperative complication is surgical site infection (SSI) because of its impact on patient outcomes and enormous treatment costs. Literature reviews ('SSI', 'deep sternal wound infections' (DSWI), 'closed incision negative pressure wound therapy' (ciNPT) were performed by electronically searching MEDLINE (PubMed) and subsequently using a 'snowball' method of continued searches of the references in the identified publications...
September 2016: International Wound Journal
Celia Hynes, Mike Thomas
This paper reports on a systematic review undertaken in 2013 aimed at identifying evidence and dismissing some of the myths surrounding the needs of the veteran community. Papers were retrieved from a wide range of sources to ensure that literature covered the key areas of health concerns and focused also on time spent in service. Of the twenty eight papers reviewed categories relating to mental health (including PTSD and suicide), the use of alcohol, trauma, hearing loss, cancer and obesity were identified...
August 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
J A Sumner, L D Kubzansky, A L Roberts, P Gilsanz, Q Chen, A Winning, J P Forman, E B Rimm, K C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to hypertension, but most research on PTSD and hypertension is cross-sectional, and potential mediators have not been clearly identified. Moreover, PTSD is twice as common in women as in men, but understanding of the PTSD-hypertension relationship in women is limited. We examined trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms in relation to incident hypertension over 22 years in 47 514 civilian women in the Nurses' Health Study II. METHOD: We used proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for new-onset hypertension (N = 15 837)...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Julie A Kittel, Bryann B DeBeer, Nathan A Kimbrel, Monica M Matthieu, Eric C Meyer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
Suicide, PTSD, and obesity co-occur at high rates among returning veterans, yet limited research exists regarding the relationship among these variables. Self-report and diagnostic interview data from a longitudinal study of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans (N=130) enrolled in VA healthcare examined these inter-relations. As hypothesized, body mass index (BMI) significantly moderated the association between PTSD and suicidal ideation such that the association between PTSD and suicidal ideation was strongest among individuals with a high BMI...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, Dorian A Lamis, Benedetto Farina, Maurizio Pompili, Anna Contardi, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
Childhood trauma (CT) is considered a major risk factor for several disorders as well as for the development of eating psychopathology and adult obesity. The main aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the independent association between CT and food addiction (FA), and (ii) CT in patients with both FA and clinical-level of binge eating (BE), versus patients who only engage in FA or BE. Participants were 301 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy. All of the patients were administered self-report measures investigating FA, BE, CT, anxiety and depressive symptoms...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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