keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity and trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151569/what-kind-of-incision-should-be-made-to-reduce-the-risk-of-incisional-hernia-in-kidney-transplantation
#1
Ihsan Yildız, Yavuz Savas Koca
BACKGROUND The incidence of incisional hernia following renal transplantation is 1.1% to 3.8%. The risk factors are immunosuppressive medications, impaired tissue quality, neuromuscular trauma due to the operation, and denervation. The incidence has been decreasing based on the shift from hockey-stick incision method to inguinal oblique incision method. The aim of this study was to minimize the development of incisional hernias due to renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-four patients who underwent renal transplantation in 2015-2017 were retrospectively examined...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117059/vascular-access-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients-with-obesity
#2
Elizabeth E Halvorson, Doug Case, Joseph A Skelton, Michael C McCrory
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric obesity is highly prevalent and has been associated with poor outcomes for hospitalized children. Vascular access is essential in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether critically ill children with obesity are more likely to undergo vascular device insertion (excluding peripheral IV catheters) and develop related complications. DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Ninety-four U...
November 7, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102835/the-differential-association-between-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-body-mass-index-in-early-and-late-stages-of-bipolar-disorder
#3
Emilie Leclerc, Rodrigo B Mansur, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Quirino Cordeiro, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Elisa Brietzke
BACKGROUND: History of distal stressors such as childhood trauma is a well-established, non-specific vulnerability factor for multiple mental illnesses. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible association between history of childhood trauma and body mass index (BMI) in individuals in early and late stages of bipolar disorder (BD) and to verify is there was any difference in the association of sexual abuse history and obesity in early versus late stages of BD. METHODS: Seventy-one euthymic BD-type I patients and eighty-one healthy controls were evaluated using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and body mass index (BMI)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066903/fat-embolism-after-fractures-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-an-underdiagnosed-complication-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
David Feder, Miriam Eva Koch, Beniamino Palmieri, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most frequent lethal genetic disease. Several clinical trials have established both the beneficial effect of steroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and the well-known risk of side effects associated with their daily use. For many years it has been known that steroids associated with ambulation loss lead to obesity and also damage the bone structure resulting in the bone density reduction and increased incidence of bone fractures and fat embolism syndrome, an underdiagnosed complication after fractures...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055405/traumatic-brain-injury-diabetic-neuropathy-and-altered-psychiatric-health-the-fateful-triangle
#5
Hadi Abou-El-Hassan, Batoul Dia, Khalil Choucair, Stephanie A Eid, Farah Najdi, Lama Baki, Farid Talih, Assaad A Eid, Firas Kobeissy
Traumatic brain injury is a detrimental medical condition particularly when accompanied by diabetes. There are several comorbidities going along with diabetes including, but not limited to, kidney failure, obesity, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, stroke, neuropathies and amputations. Unlike diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 is more common in adults who simultaneously suffer from other comorbid conditions making them susceptible to repetitive fall incidents and sustaining head trauma...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#6
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042927/novel-type-of-peritoneocentesis-trocar-assisted-distal-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-with-supervision-via-a-one-port-laparoscope
#7
Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu, Yongxin Luan, Yanwu Han, Shuanglin Fu
Ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS) are the primary treatment for hydrocephalus and are associated with a high risk of complications, specifically in patients who are obese or have abdominal adhesions or shunt revisions. The present study describes the use of a novel type of peritoneal catheter peritoneocentesis trocar insertion with the assistance of a one-port laparoscope. A total of 36 patients with hydrocephalus underwent this novel type of peritoneocentesis trocar-assisted VPS. The distal shunt catheter was placed into the right subdiaphragmatic space and the catheter was traversed through a single hole drilled through the liver falciform ligament...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019632/racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities-and-trauma-informed-care-for-children-exposed-to-community-violence
#8
Bradley C Stolbach, Seeba Anam
Racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes and access have been consistently documented for a wide variety of physical and behavioral health conditions. Health inequities are most pronounced in areas with high levels of racial and ethnic segregation, where children and adolescents are also more likely to face economic inequality, which places them at high risk for exposure to neighborhood violence and traumatic loss. Community violence exposure (CVE) has been increasingly recognized as a prominent contributor to negative physical and mental health outcomes...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994516/the-implication-of-combat-stress-and-ptsd-trajectories-in-metabolic-syndrome-and-elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Zahava Solomon, Yafit Levin, Einor Ben Assayag, Orit Furman, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Shlomo Berliner, Avi Ohry
OBJECTIVE: This study sheds light on the importance of long-term follow-up of trauma survivors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories, and early detection of health risk factors in trauma survivors. The present study prospectively assessed the following over 23 years: (1) the association of psychological and physiologic stress during captivity with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), which includes hypertension; elevated levels of insulin, triglycerides, and fasting glucose; decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and obesity and (2) the implication of PTSD trajectories in elevated CRP levels and MetS...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975363/decompression-of-tension-pneumothoraces-in-asian-trauma-patients-greater-success-with-lateral-approach-and-longer-catheter-lengths-based-on-computed-tomography-chest-wall-measurements
#10
S Goh, W R Xu, L T Teo
INTRODUCTION: Our study aims to compare the anterior and lateral approaches for needle thoracostomy (NT) and determine the adequacy of catheter lengths used for NT in Asian trauma patients based on computed tomography chest wall measurements. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective review of chest computed tomography scans of 583 Singaporean trauma patients during period of 2011-2015 was conducted. Four measurements of chest wall thickness (CWT) were taken at the second intercostal space, midclavicular line and fifth intercostal space, midaxillary line bilaterally...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969318/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-adult-patients-requiring-tracheal-intubation-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#11
S R Lewis, A R Butler, J Parker, T M Cook, O J Schofield-Robinson, A F Smith
Difficulties with tracheal intubation commonly arise and impact patient safety. This systematic review evaluates whether videolaryngoscopes reduce intubation failure and complications compared with direct laryngoscopy in adults. We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase and clinicaltrials.gov up to February 2015, and conducted forward and backward citation tracking. We included randomized controlled trials that compared adult patients undergoing laryngoscopy with videolaryngoscopy or Macintosh laryngoscopy. We did not primarily intend to compare individual videolaryngoscopes...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967771/examination-of-the-role-of-obesity-in-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-inflammation-during-pregnancy
#12
Amanda M Mitchell, Kyle Porter, Lisa M Christian
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is associated with negative perinatal health outcomes including mood disorders and shorter gestation. However, effects of early life exposures on maternal biology are poorly delineated. This study examined associations between childhood trauma and inflammation, as well as the mediating role of obesity in this relationship. METHOD: This study examined a racially diverse sample of 77 pregnant women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944601/an-advanced-multifunctional-hydrogel-based-dressing-for-wound-monitoring-and-drug-delivery
#13
Bahram Mirani, Erik Pagan, Barbara Currie, Mohammad Ali Siddiqui, Reihaneh Hosseinzadeh, Pooria Mostafalu, Yu Shrike Zhang, Aziz Ghahary, Mohsen Akbari
Wound management is a major global challenge and poses a significant financial burden to the healthcare system due to the rapid growth of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and aging population. The ability to detect pathogenic infections and release drug at the wound site is of the utmost importance to expedient patient care. Herein, this study presents an advanced multifunctional dressing (GelDerm) capable of colorimetric measurement of pH, an indicator of bacterial infection, and release of antibiotic agents at the wound site...
October 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927908/the-impact-of-the-standard-american-diet-in-rats-effects-on-behavior-physiology-and-recovery-from-inflammatory-injury
#14
Stacie K Totsch, Tammie L Quinn, Larissa J Strath, Laura J McMeekin, Rita M Cowell, Barbara A Gower, Robert E Sorge
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a significant health concern in the Western world and the presence of comorbid conditions suggests an interaction. The overlapping distributions of chronic pain populations and obesity suggests that an interaction may exist. Poor quality diet (high carbohydrates, saturated fats, omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids) can lead to increased adiposity which can activate immune cells independent of the activating effect of the diet components themselves. This dual action can contribute to chronic inflammation that may alter susceptibility to chronic pain and prolong recovery from injury...
September 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#15
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893004/subconjunctival-fat-prolapse-what-radiologists-need-to-know
#16
Gorky Medhi, Barun Kumar Sharma, Eezzat Khalda
Subconjunctival fat prolapse is a rare benign entity or disease presenting as fat containing epibulbar mass in lateral canthus region. Weakness of Tenon's capsule secondary to age, trauma or any surgery leads to herniation of intraconal fat. Radiologists should be aware of the condition and its imaging features. We report a case of 70-year-old obese man presenting with bilateral soft yellowish lateral canthal mass. Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed typical imaging features of epibulbar fatty lesion in continuation with the intraconal fat...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882637/successful-retrograde-intubation-after-failed-fiberoptic-intubation-and-percutaneous-cricothyrotomy
#17
Stephanie Brenman, Sachin Gupta, Stephanie Tseeng
BACKGROUND: An obstructive neck lesion presents an airway challenge for any emergency physician. Retrograde intubation is an infrequently used airway alternative that can be employed in the difficult airway algorithm that requires little training and is less invasive than surgical cricothyrotomy. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31-year-old male patient who presented with respiratory distress progressing to respiratory failure from upper airway obstruction. The patient had significant tracheal thickening at the level of the thyroid gland based on a computed tomography report from 3 weeks prior to his presentation...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880738/military-sexual-trauma-and-obesity-among-women-veterans
#18
Nivedita Pandey, Samir N Ashfaq, Edward W Dauterive, Andrea A MacCarthy, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the experience of military sexual trauma (MST) that may contribute to PTSD, and obesity are three issues that complicate care for our population of new veterans. Our aim was to analyze the association of MST and diagnosed PTSD with obesity among female veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women 20-103 years old using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) in fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014) with diagnosis and body-mass data were identified in administrative databases (213,985 of 404,183 women)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842114/intergenerational-effect-of-maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-on-newborn-brain-anatomy
#19
Nora K Moog, Sonja Entringer, Jerod M Rasmussen, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Norbert Kathmann, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) confers deleterious long-term consequences, and growing evidence suggests some of these effects may be transmitted across generations. We examined the intergenerational effect of maternal CM exposure on child brain structure and also addressed the hypothesis that this effect may start during the child's intrauterine period of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in a clinical convenience sample of 80 mother-child dyads...
July 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839322/breast-cancer-in-a-patient-with-kindlers-syndrome
#20
Itrat Mehdi, Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Taha Mohsin Al Lawati, Zahid Al Mandhari, Fatima Ramadhan Al Lawati
Breast Cancer (BC) has associated risk factors and genetic factors like BRCA1, and BRCA2. Many benign and malignant disease processes are found concurrently with BC and believed to be additional risk factors like gall bladder stones (cholelithiasis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular lesions, arthritis, spine and spinal cord degenerative lesions, infertility, depression, sleep disturbances, obesity, autoimmune diseases (SLE), and thyroid diseases. There are some malignant disease associations like synchronous or metachronous ovarian, colonic and endometrial tumours with Breast cancer...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
keyword
keyword
102421
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"