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Obesity and trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176906/comparison-of-outcomes-between-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-and-traditional-posterior-lumbar-intervertebral-fusion-in-obese-patients-with-lumbar-disk-prolapse
#1
Ya-Peng Wang, Ji-Long An, Ya-Peng Sun, Wen-Yuan Ding, Yong Shen, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the curative effect between minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and the posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in obese patients with lumbar disk prolapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 72 patients who underwent lumbar disk prolapse therapy in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University between March 2011 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into two groups, MIS-TLIF group (n=35) and PLIF group (n=37), according to different surgical procedures...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161747/low-trauma-fractures-without-osteoporosis
#2
REVIEW
E Lespessailles, B Cortet, E Legrand, P Guggenbuhl, C Roux
In clinical practice, areal bone mineral density (aBMD) is usually measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to assess bone status in patients with or without osteoporotic fracture. As BMD has a Gaussian distribution, it is difficult to define a cutoff for osteoporosis diagnosis. Based on epidemiological considerations, WHO defined a DXA-based osteoporosis diagnosis with a T-score <-2.5. However, the majority of individuals who have low-trauma fractures do not have osteoporosis with DXA (i.e...
February 4, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160508/transvaginal-management-of-severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-nulliparous-women
#3
Tsia-Shu Lo, Sukanda Jaili, Ma Clarissa Uy-Patrimonio, Nazura Bt Karim, Rami Ibrahim
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the management outcomes of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in nulliparous women. METHODS: Eight nulliparous women diagnosed with POP ≥ stage 3 between January 2005 and August 2013, according to the Pelvic Organ Quantification System (POPQ), were reviewed. Seven were managed surgically and one was managed with pessary. Primary outcome was surgical objective cure (POP-Q ≤ 1) and subjective cure, defined as negative response to questions 2 and 3 on Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory 6...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151094/spontaneous-resolution-of-ruptured-intracranial-pial-arteriovenous-fistula-following-spinal-surgery
#4
Mark K Lyons, Joseph M Hoxworth, Jamal McClendon, Chandan X Krishna, Naresh P Patel
Pial arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are rare vascular abnormalities that are distinct from arteriovenous malformations and dural AVFs. These vascular lesions have been linked with trauma, ischemic syndromes, venous thrombotic diseases, and intracranial surgical procedures. In this report we describe a case of an intracranial ruptured pial AVF immediately following uneventful spinal surgery in an elderly patient with subsequent spontaneous resolution. He was a previous heavy smoker with a 60-pack-year history and alcohol abuse...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139219/comparison-at-necropsy-of-heart-weight-in-women-aged-20-to-29%C3%A2-years-with-fatal-trauma-or-chemical-intoxication-versus-fatal-natural-cause-a-search-for-the-normal-adult-heart-weight
#5
Brian D Blackbourne, Anupama Vasudevan, William C Roberts
The present obesity epidemic makes determining the normal heart weight in adults difficult. This study examines the heart weight at autopsy in 104 women aged 20 to 29 years who died in 1978 to 1980 before the overweight epidemic ensued. Of the 104 cases, the hearts weighed ≤300 g in 86 (83%) and >300 g in 18 (17%). Of the 67 cases dying from an unnatural cause (trauma or chemical intoxication), only 3 (4%) had hearts weighing >300 g; of the 37 patients dying from a variety of natural causes, 15 (41%) had hearts weighing >300 g (p <0...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131963/a-mediational-model-of-obesity-related-disordered-eating-the-roles-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-self-perception
#6
Genna Hymowitz, Jessica Salwen, Katie Lee Salis
The extant literature indicates negative self-perceptions are a risk factor for disordered eating (DE) and DE is a risk factor for overweight and obesity. While childhood emotional abuse (EA) is often linked to DE and obesity, it is typically not included in comprehensive models of these health problems. Further investigation of interactions among EA, self-perception, and DE is needed to refine treatments for overweight, obesity, and DE. This study evaluated a model of DE and weight difficulties in which negative self-perception mediate the relationship between EA and DE, and DE predicts body mass index (BMI) in a population of emerging adults...
January 6, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120256/osteoporosis-among-hospitalized-patients-with-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-assiut-university-trauma-unit-egypt
#7
Osama Farouk, Dalia G Mahran, Hatem G Said, Mohamed M Alaa, Amr Eisa, Hisham Imam, G Z Said
: The study was done to investigate osteoporosis prevalence in 275 hip fracture admissions at the Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals and associated factors, which are understudied in our locality. Prevalence was 74.9%. Female sex, older age, low body mass index, and fall on the ground were associated with osteoporosis. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify osteoporosis prevalence in hip fracture admissions at the Trauma Unit of Assiut University Hospitals and to study the independent correlates of osteoporosis-related fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099295/comparison-of-resource-utilization-and-length-of-hospitalization-between-overweight-and-healthy-weight-pediatric-trauma-patients-presenting-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department-with-moderate-to-severe-injury-a-prospective-study
#8
Theresa Romano, Ioannis Koutroulis, Evan Weiner, Anthony Little, Sabina Singh
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to compare overweight and healthy-weight pediatric trauma patient outcomes, specifically with respect to hospital length of stay and resource utilization. We hypothesized that overweight pediatric trauma patients would have increased hospital length of stay and radiographic study use compared with their healthy-weight counterparts. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, cohort study of pediatric trauma patients aged 2 to 19 years presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department over a period of 1 year...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096930/management-of-adult-concealed-penis-using-a-meshed-split-thickness-skin-graft
#9
Aaron Boonjindasup, Michael Pinsky, Carrie Stewart, Landon Trost, Abigail Chaffin, David Jansen, Wayne Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Concealed penis (CP) is a rare problem faced by urologists and plastic surgeons. CP occurs secondary to trauma, obesity, or infection. Surgical treatment is individualized and based on patient and provider variables. We aim to review our recent experience using meshed split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) for CP management. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent STSG for CP at our institution. Records were reviewed for demographic, operative, and postoperative variables...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092189/life-adverse-experiences-in-relation-with-obesity-and-binge-eating-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Giovanni Luca Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Johan Vanderlinden
Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (N = 306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089796/correlationbetweenobesity-and-severity-of-distal-radius-fractures
#11
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Juan C Gonzalez-Saldivar, Gregorio Villarreal-Villarreal, Alejandro Torres-Botello, Eduardo Gomez-Garcia, Yadira Tamez-Mata, Victor Peña-Martinez
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of obesity has increased significantly worldwide. Our hypothesis was that patients with obesity have a more severe distal radius fracture andwe realized a study to evaluate this correlation between obesity and severity of distal radius fractures caused by low-energy injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 114 patients with distal radius fracture were examined in a cross-sectional, observational study. Fractures were classified according to the international AO-Müller/Orthopedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification in order to determine the severity...
January 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075656/intimate-partner-violence-and-5-year-weight-change-in-young-women-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Susan M Mason, Noussaiba Ayour, Suzanne Canney, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and obesity are national public health problems that are potentially associated. We examined the association between IPV exposure and 5-year weight gain in young women. We also examined whether depressive mood conferred additional increases in weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyses were conducted among women in Project EAT, a longitudinal cohort study of weight-related health, which has collected data at three 5-year survey waves: "EAT I" (mean age 15 years), "EAT II" (mean age 19 years), and "EAT III" (mean age 25 years)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031644/ineffective-treatment-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-in-obese-subject-with-traumatic-fractures-of-the-leg
#14
Egidio Imbalzano, Michele Creazzo, Giovanni Trapani, Giuseppina Lizio, Antonino Saitta
American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines, 9th edition, 2012, suggest no prophylaxis rather than pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk of isolated lower leg injuries distal to knee requiring leg immobilization. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is a class of drugs commonly used as antithrombotics in surgery and in case of prolonged bed rest and hypomobility. A 35-year-old obese man with no history of health disease (height, 170 cm; weight, 95 kg; and body mass index, 32...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030963/obese-patients-have-fewer-wound-complications-following-fixation-of-ankle-fractures
#15
Andrew P Matson, Michael P Morwood, Ashwin Peres Da Silva, Eugene B Cone, Shepard R Hurwitz, Robert D Zura
: Outcomes following ankle fracture surgery have been well studied; however, factors associated with surgical wound healing specifically are less clear. We aimed to study the relationship between wound healing and body mass index, as well as other variables following surgical treatment of ankle fractures. There were 127 consecutive, isolated, closed, malleolar ankle fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation at a level-1 trauma center from 2008 to 2012. Patient, injury, and treatment variables were recorded and clinical records were reviewed to identify wound complications...
December 1, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026728/-influence-of-the-weather-on-the-incidence-of-fractures-in-the-elderly
#16
F Burget, O Foltán, J Kraus, K Kudrna, M Novák, J Ulrych
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The incidence of geriatric fractures (proximal femur, distal radius, proximal humerus and thoracolumbar spine injuries) in the population increases with ageing. However, the role of weather conditions, such as icy and slippery winter, should not be overlooked. A deeper insight into this relationship may bring about a better understanding of the fracture aetiology and thus allow for improvement in the prevention of fractures in elderly people. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study included 676 patients (469 women and 207 men) aged 65 and over...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988455/delayed-diagnosis-of-wernicke-encephalopathy-with-irreversible-neural-damage-after-subtotal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-case-of-medical-liability
#17
Pamela Tozzo, Luciana Caenazzo, Daniele Rodriguez, Matteo Bolcato
INTRODUCTION: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a neurological syndrome caused by thiamine deficiency, and clinically characterized by ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and acute confusion. In developed countries, most cases of WE have been seen in alcohol misusers. Other reported causes are gastrointestinal tract surgery, hyperemesis gravidarum, chronic malnutrition, prolonged total parenteral nutrition without thiamine supplementation, and increased nutrient requirements as in trauma or septic shock...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975103/reasons-for-the-persistent-incidence-of-venous-thromboembolism
#18
John A Heit, Aneel Ashrani, Daniel J Crusan, Robert D McBane, Tanya M Petterson, Kent R Bailey
Reasons for trends in venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence are uncertain. It was our objective to determine VTE incidence trends and risk factor prevalence, and estimate population-attributable risk (PAR) trends for each risk factor. In a population-based cohort study of all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota from 1981-2010, annual incidence rates were calculated using incident VTE cases as the numerator and age- and sex-specific Olmsted County population estimates as the denominator. Poisson regression models were used to assess the relationship of crude incidence rates to year of diagnosis, age at diagnosis, and sex...
December 15, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942739/predictors-of-inpatient-mortality-and-systemic-complications-in-acetabular-fractures-requiring-operative-treatment
#19
Nicholas Kusnezov, Julia Bader, James Blair
Patient demographics, physiologic variables, and injury characteristics predictive of mortality and major systemic complications following operative fixation of acetabulum fractures were identified using the National Sample Program of the National Trauma Data Bank. Age older than 60 years, obesity, and Injury Severity Score greater than 15 portended a statistically significant increase in mortality and major systemic complications (P≤.05). Systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg and Glasgow Coma Scale score less than 8 were also significant predictors of mortality and major systemic complications (P<...
December 8, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914588/obesity-in-pediatric-trauma
#20
Cordelie E Witt, Saman Arbabi, Avery B Nathens, Monica S Vavilala, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The implications of childhood obesity on pediatric trauma outcomes are not clearly established. Anthropomorphic data were recently added to the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) Research Datasets, enabling a large, multicenter evaluation of the effect of obesity on pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: Children ages 2 to 19years who required hospitalization for traumatic injury were identified in the 2013-2014 NTDB Research Datasets. Age and gender-specific body mass indices (BMI) were calculated...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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