keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

The fluid electrolyte acid base

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132247/management-of-a-rare-case-with-severe-hydrofluoric-acid-burns-important-roles-of-neutralizers-and-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#1
Yuanhai Zhang, Xingang Wang, Yuezhen Liu, Xinhua Jiang, Chunjiang Ye, Liangfang Ni, Liping Zhang, Jianfen Zhang, Bin Xu, Chunmao Han
Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, is widely used in various industries and in daily life. Chemical burns caused by HF exposure occur more frequently in some regions worldwide. It has been reported that some cases with HF burns can be lethal due to the hypertoxicity of HF. In this article, we present a case of a 24-year-old worker who suffered HF burns by 53% HF solution to his face, neck, and nasal cavity. This patient quickly developed electrolyte disturbance, that is, hypocalcemia, and hypopotassemia, and myocardial injury after exposure...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051308/food-engorgement-in-35-dogs-2009-2013-compared-with-36-dogs-with-gastric-dilation-and-volvulus
#2
Lisa Smart, Shona Reese, Giselle Hosgood
The clinical features and management of food engorgement (FE) in dogs have not been previously described. This retrospective observational study describes characteristics and outcome of 35 dogs with FE, and compares features on presentation to 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV). Cases were retrospectively reviewed for history, clinical findings and outcome. Gastric distension was measured by caudal gastric margin (CGM), level with lumbar vertebrae, on a lateral abdominal radiograph. Frequent characteristics of dogs with FE included tachycardia, tachypnoea, hyperproteinaemia, increased base excess (BE), mild hypernatraemia and hyperlactataemia...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994386/-integrating-clinical-research-into-epidemic-response-the-field-perspective-in-the-ebola-experience
#3
Denis Malvy, Daouda Sissoko, Alseny-Modet Camara
During the 2013-2016 west African Ebola outbreak that affected West Africa, accelerated clinical trials, testing unproven but promising and potentially lifesaving experimental interventions emerged as a key component of the global outbreak. In 2017, no Ebola medical countermeasures had proven antiviral efficacy in patients. However, in September 2014, the World Health Organization inventoried a list of potential drug candidates developed or repurposed with demonstrated antiviral efficacy in vitro or in animal models...
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960717/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-in-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-1-description-of-history-and-clinical-evolution
#4
Gaby van Galen, Claude Saegerman, Joke Rijckaert, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Meret Wehrli Eser, Cornélie Westermann, Tim Mair
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical data of hospitalized adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids (>6 months) and 21 foals (<6 months) with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Information on geographic, annual and seasonal data, demographic- and management-related data, clinical history, clinical examination and blood analysis on admission, complications, treatments, and outcomes were described and statistically compared between adults and foals...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933805/perioperative-administration-of-buffered-versus-non-buffered-crystalloid-intravenous-fluid-to-improve-outcomes-following-adult-surgical-procedures
#5
REVIEW
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, Ahilanandan Dushianthan, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Suzie Cro, Tong J Gan, Michael Pw Grocott, Michael Fm James, Michael G Mythen, Catherine Mn O'Malley, Anthony M Roche, Kathy Rowan, Edward Burdett
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid strategies influence clinical outcomes following major surgery. Many intravenous fluid preparations are based on simple solutions, such as normal saline, that feature an electrolyte composition that differs from that of physiological plasma. Buffered fluids have a theoretical advantage of containing a substrate that acts to maintain the body's acid-base status - typically a bicarbonate or a bicarbonate precursor such as maleate, gluconate, lactate, or acetate...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833697/effect-of-intravenously-administered-crystalloid-solutions-on-acid-base-balance-in-domestic-animals
#6
REVIEW
W Muir
Intravenous fluid therapy can alter plasma acid-base balance. The Stewart approach to acid-base balance is uniquely suited to identify and quantify the effects of the cationic and anionic constituents of crystalloid solutions on plasma pH. The plasma strong ion difference (SID) and weak acid concentrations are similar to those of the administered fluid, more so at higher administration rates and with larger volumes. A crystalloid's in vivo effects on plasma pH are described by 3 general rules: SID > [HCO3-] increases plasma pH (alkalosis); SID < [HCO3-] decreases plasma pH (alkalosis); and SID = [HCO3-] yields no change in plasma pH...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814497/extracellular-acid-base-balance-and-ion-transport-between-body-fluid-compartments
#7
REVIEW
Julian L Seifter, Hsin-Yun Chang
Clinical assessment of acid-base disorders depends on measurements made in the blood, part of the extracellular compartment. Yet much of the metabolic importance of these disorders concerns intracellular events. Intracellular and interstitial compartment acid-base balance is complex and heterogeneous. This review considers the determinants of the extracellular fluid pH related to the ion transport processes at the interface of cells and the interstitial fluid, and between epithelial cells lining the transcellular contents of the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts that open to the external environment...
September 2017: Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803771/perioperative-management-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
REVIEW
Hirotsugu Kanda, Yuji Hirasaki, Takafumi Iida, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Yuki Toyama, Takashi Chiba, Takayuki Kunisawa
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with significant alterations in cardiovascular function; homeostasis of body fluid, electrolytes, and acid-base equilibrium; bone metabolism, erythropoiesis; and blood coagulation. The prevalence of ESRD is increasing rapidly worldwide, as is the number of patients requiring surgery under general anesthesia. Patients with ESRD have significantly higher risks of perioperative morbidity and mortality due to multiple comorbidities. The perioperative management of patients with ESRD under general anesthesia therefore requires special considerations and a careful multidisciplinary approach...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697495/electrolyte-and-acid-base-abnormalities-in-infants-with-community-acquired-acute-pyelonephritis-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#9
Gregorio P Milani, Angela Grava, Mario G Bianchetti, Sebastiano A G Lava, Laura Dell''Era, Thomas Teatini, Emilio F Fossali
BACKGROUND: Retrospective case series suggest that abnormalities in fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis may occur among infants with a febrile urinary tract infection. Potentially inaccurate laboratory methods of sodium testing have often been used. METHODS: Between January 2009 and June 2016, we managed 80 previously healthy infants (52 males and 28 females) ≥4 weeks to ≤24 months of age with their first episode of acute pyelonephritis. Ionized sodium, ionized potassium and ionized chloride were determined by direct potentiometry, as recommended by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry...
2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693594/the-impact-of-phosphate-balanced-crystalloid-infusion-on-acid-base-homeostasis-palance-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Judith-Irina Pagel, Nikolai Hulde, Tobias Kammerer, Michaela Schwarz, Daniel Chappell, Alexander Burges, Klaus Hofmann-Kiefer, Markus Rehm
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the effects of a modified, balanced crystalloid including phosphate in a perioperative setting in order to maintain a stable electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis in the patient. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-centre, open-label, randomized controlled trial involving two parallel groups of female patients comparing a perioperative infusion regime with sodium glycerophosphate and Jonosteril® (treatment group) or Jonosteril® (comparator) alone...
July 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580076/postoperative-acute-kidney-injury
#11
REVIEW
Jung Tak Park
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery is a common and serious complication. Several definitions of AKI have been proposed recently, and include both increases in serum creatinine levels and decreases in urine output as diagnostic criteria. The pathophysiology of postoperative AKI is complex and involves both ischemic injury and systemic inflammation. Identifying risk factors, such as old age, underlying diabetes, heart failure, and obesity, may aid in the application of preventative methods for postoperative AKI...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573174/optimal-intake-of-clear-liquids-during-preparation-for-afternoon-colonoscopy-with-low-volume-polyethylene-glycol-plus-ascorbic-acid
#12
Masahiro Tajika, Tsutomu Tanaka, Makoto Ishihara, Yutaka Hirayama, Sachiyo Oonishi, Nobumasa Mizuno, Kazuo Hara, Susumu Hijioka, Hiroshi Imaoka, Toshihisa Fujiyoshi, Nobuhiro Hieda, Nozomi Okuno, Tsukasa Yoshida, Kenji Yamao, Vikram Bhatia, Masahiko Ando, Yasumasa Niwa
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : The standard colonoscopy preparation regimen in Japan for afternoon procedures is sequential intake of 1 L of polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution containing ascorbic acid (PEG-ASC), 0.5 L of clear liquid, 0.5 L of PEG-ASC, and finally 0.25 L of clear fluids (all at a rate of 0.25 L every 15 min). However, this regimen seems poorly tolerated and complicated for many patients compared to previous regimen of polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501489/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-compared-with-0-9-nacl-administered-to-greyhounds-with-haemorrhagic-shock
#13
Duana McBride, Anthea L Raisis, Giselle Hosgood, Lisa Smart
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular and acid-base effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) administered to anaesthetized greyhounds with haemorrhagic shock. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental, complete randomized block design. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy adult greyhounds. METHODS: After 60 minutes of isoflurane anaesthesia, 48 mL kg(-1) of blood was removed to induce hypotension...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431202/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-pancreatitis
#14
REVIEW
Elisabetta Moggia, Rahul Koti, Ajay P Belgaumkar, Federico Fazio, Stephen P Pereira, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: In people with acute pancreatitis, it is unclear what the role should be for medical treatment as an addition to supportive care such as fluid and electrolyte balance and organ support in people with organ failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different pharmacological interventions in people with acute pancreatitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and trial registers to October 2016 to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390725/comparison-of-a-commercially-available-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-dehydration-in-dairy-calves
#15
Jared D Taylor, Merel Rodenburg, Timothy A Snider
Calf scours is a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the dairy industry. Effective treatments are needed to minimize death, maximize welfare, and maintain growth and productivity. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a commercially available nutritional supplement (Diaque, Boehringer-Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO) and i.v. lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in rehydrating, preventing acidemia, and correcting electrolyte imbalances in an experimental model for calf scours...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338158/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-duodenal-injury-and-fistula
#16
Kunmei Gong, Shikui Guo, Kunhua Wang
Duodenal injury is a serious abdominal organ injury. Duodenal fistula is one of the most serious complications in gastrointestinal surgery, which is concerned for its critical status, difficulty in treatment and high mortality. Thoracic and abdominal compound closed injury and a small part of open injury are common causes of duodenal injury. Iatrogenic or traumatic injury, malnutrition, cancer, tuberculosis, Crohn's disease etc. are common causes of duodenal fistula, however, there has been still lacking of ideal diagnosis and treatment by now...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116780/r1-autonomic-nervous-system-in-acute-kidney-injury
#17
REVIEW
Dagmara Hering, Pawel J Winklewski
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a rapid loss of kidney function resulting in accumulation of end metabolic products and associated abnormalities in fluid, electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis. The pathophysiology of AKI is complex and multifactorial involving numerous vascular, tubular and inflammatory pathways. Neurohumoral activation with heightened activity of the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system play a critical role in this scenario. Inflammation and/or local renal ischaemia are underlying mechanisms triggering renal tissue hypoxia and resultant renal microcirculation dysfunction; a common feature of AKI occurring in numerous clinical conditions leading to a high morbidity and mortality rate...
February 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114128/intravenous-fluids-and-acute-kidney-injury
#18
REVIEW
Xiaoqiang Ding, Zhen Cheng, Qi Qian
Over 50% of the human body is comprised of fluids that are distributed in defined compartments. Although compartmentalized, these fluids are dynamically connected. Fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base balance in each compartment are tightly regulated, mostly in an energy-dependent manner to achieve their designed functions. For over a century, our understanding of the microvascular fluid homeostasis has evolved from hypothesized Ernest Starling principle to evidence-based and the revised Starling principle, incorporating the functional endothelial surface layer...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108035/feline-hepatic-lipidosis
#19
REVIEW
Chiara Valtolina, Robert P Favier
Feline hepatic lipidosis (FHL) is a common and potentially fatal liver disorder. Although the pathophysiologic mechanisms of FHL remain elusive, there is an imbalance between the influx of fatty acids from peripheral fat stores into the liver, de novo liposynthesis, and the rate of hepatic oxidation and dispersal of hepatic TAG via excretion of very-low density lipoproteins. The diagnosis of FHL is based on anamnestic, clinical, and clinicopathologic findings, associated with diagnostic imaging of the liver, and cytology, or histological examination of liver biopsies...
May 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099643/balanced-crystalloids-for-septic-shock-resuscitation
#20
REVIEW
Thiago Domingos Corrêa, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Murillo Santucci Cesar de Assunção
Timely fluid administration is crucial to maintain tissue perfusion in septic shock patients. However, the question concerning which fluid should be used for septic shock resuscitation remains a matter of debate. A growing body of evidence suggests that the type, amount and timing of fluid administration during the course of sepsis may affect patient outcomes. Crystalloids have been recommended as the first-line fluids for septic shock resuscitation. Nevertheless, given the inconclusive nature of the available literature, no definitive recommendations about the most appropriate crystalloid solution can be made...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
keyword
keyword
102419
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"