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food security, food consumption, children

Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
Amy Webb Girard, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, Jan Low
Background: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) improves vitamin A (VA) status of young children; research with pregnant and lactating women is limited.Objective: We examined the effectiveness of the Mama SASHA (Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa) program to improve nutrition knowledge, diets, and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in Western Kenya.Methods: Eight health facilities were allocated to the Mama SASHA intervention or comparison arms. PLW in intervention facilities received enhanced nutrition counseling at health clinics, were linked with community-based maternal support groups, and received vouchers for OFSP vine cuttings...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
Aulo Gelli, Noora-Lisa Aberman, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Bob Baulch, Ephraim Chirwa
Background: There is evidence that social transfers increase food consumption, improving the quantity and quality of food consumed by poor households. Questions remain on how to improve the effectiveness of social programs.Objective: The aim was to assess the impact of a lean-season food transfer on household food security, diet, and nutrition status of young children during the lean season in Malawi and to understand processes through which transfers operated.Methods: This was a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study based on 2 survey rounds in the Zomba district in Malawi...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
Stephanie L Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
Improving the suboptimal vegetable consumption among the majority of Australian children is imperative in reducing chronic disease risk. The objective of this research was to determine whether there was a relationship between food security determinants (FSD) (i.e., food availability, access, and utilisation dimensions) and adequate vegetable consumption among children living in regional and remote Western Australia (WA). Caregiver-child dyads (n = 256) living in non-metropolitan/rural WA completed cross-sectional surveys that included questions on FSD, demographics and usual vegetable intake...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anne R Gordon, Ronette R Briefel, Ann M Collins, Gretchen M Rowe, Jacob A Klerman
BACKGROUND: The Summer Electronic Benefit Transfers for Children (SEBTC) demonstration piloted summer food assistance through electronic benefit transfers (EBTs), providing benefits either through the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) EBT. OBJECTIVE: To inform food assistance policy and describe how demonstrations using WIC and SNAP models differed in benefit take-up and impacts on food security and children's food consumption...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Luis A Rodríguez, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Seventy percent of Mexican households experience some level of food insecurity (FI). Studies have shown positive associations between FI and poor dietary quality. As far as it is known, this is the first time the Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) has been used to assess dietary quality of children and adolescents in Mexico, and to examine if FI is related to it. The objective of this research is to assess dietary quality and its association with FI among Mexican children and adolescents from a nationally representative cross-sectional sample...
November 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Rebecca K Campbell, Kristen M Hurley, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Saijuddin Shaikh, Zaynah T Chowdhury, Sucheta Mehra, Saskia de Pee, Tahmeed Ahmed, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: Complementary food supplements (CFSs) can enhance growth where stunting is common, but substitution for the usual diet may reduce observed benefits. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize dietary diversity from home foods in a CFS efficacy trial and determine whether supplementation reduced breastfeeding frequency or displaced home foods. DESIGN: In a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, children (n = 5499) received, for 1 y starting at age 6 mo, periodic child feeding counseling for mothers (control) or counseling plus 1 of 4 CFSs fed as a daily snack...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Christian King
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the association between soft drinks consumption and child behaviour problems differs by food security status and sleep patterns in young children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), which collected information on food insecurity, soft drinks consumption, sleep patterns and child behaviour problems. Bivariate and multivariate ordinary least-squares regression analyses predicting child behaviour problems and accounting for socio-economic factors and household characteristics were performed...
August 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Karen Weber Cullen, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Heewon Lee Gray, Alla Sikorskii
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this exploratory study was to determine whether fruit and vegetable consumption differed by race/ethnicity, by origin and nativity among Hispanics, and by language preference (as an indicator of acculturation) among foreign-born Hispanics. METHODS: We recruited 723 women enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) and orally administered a questionnaire containing demographic items, validated measures of food security status and social desirability trait, and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System fruit and vegetable module...
August 25, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
S Chaturvedi, S Ramji, N K Arora, S Rewal, R Dasgupta, V Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Persistent high levels of under-nutrition in India despite economic growth continue to challenge political leadership and policy makers at the highest level. The present inductive enquiry was conducted to map the perceptions of mothers and other key stakeholders, to identify emerging drivers of childhood under-nutrition. METHODS: We conducted a multi-centric qualitative investigation in six empowered action group states of India. The study sample included 509 in-depth interviews with mothers of undernourished and normal nourished children, policy makers, district level managers, implementer and facilitators...
2016: BMC Public Health
Peter M Chege, Zipporah W Ndungu, Betty M Gitonga
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Debbe Thompson, Robert J Ferry, Karen W Cullen, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: Children generally do not consume adequate amounts of fruits and vegetables (F/V). Eating more F/V can improve energy density and overall diet quality. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate whether improvements in F/V consumption were associated with improvements in energy density, total calories, and dietary components related to F/V. DESIGN: We performed secondary analyses of dietary data from a successful four-group randomized controlled trial promoting F/V...
September 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Michael Goodman, Aleisha Elliott, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser, Lauren A Raimer-Goodman
Water quality is an important determinant of diarrheal illnesses, especially affecting children in sub-Saharan Africa. Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa are at increased risk of poor quality drinking water, and therefore of diarrheal illness. The present study assesses primary drinking water source and typical household water purification among OVC households involved in a multi-sectoral empowerment program in semi-rural Kenya. Findings show water purification practices, but not water source, significantly increase with more time in the program...
June 2016: Journal of Water and Health
Nancy J Haselow, Ame Stormer, Alissa Pries
Despite progress in reducing hunger and malnutrition since the 1990s, many still suffer from undernutrition and food insecurity, particularly women and young children, resulting in preterm birth, low birthweight and stunting, among other conditions. Helen Keller International (HKI) has addressed malnutrition and household food insecurity through implementation of an Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) programme that increases year-round availability and intake of diverse micronutrient-rich foods and promotes optimal nutrition and hygiene practices among poor households...
May 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Amy Ickowitz, Dominic Rowland, Bronwen Powell, Mohammad Agus Salim, Terry Sunderland
Micronutrient deficiency remains a serious problem in Indonesia with approximately 100 million people, or 40% of the population, suffering from one or more micronutrient deficiencies. In rural areas with poor market access, forests and trees may provide an essential source of nutritious food. This is especially important to understand at a time when forests and other tree-based systems in Indonesia are being lost at unprecedented rates. We use food consumption data from the 2003 Indonesia Demographic Health Survey for children between the ages of one and five years and data on vegetation cover from the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry to examine whether there is a relationship between different tree-dominated land classes and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods across the archipelago...
2016: PloS One
Cristina S Barroso, Angelica Roncancio, Michael W Moramarco, Martha B Hinojosa, Yolanda R Davila, Elnora Mendias, Elizabeth Reifsnider
BACKGROUND: Over consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods may contribute to childhood obesity. We hypothesized that greater than recommended servings of sugar sweetened beverages and foods, indicators of food security, and a high maternal recumbent weight-for-length are positively associated with high percentages of child overweight/obesity. METHODS: This secondary data analysis consisted of a sample of 240 mother-child dyads. The original studies were designed to examine the effect of a public health nursing intervention on optimal childhood growth for low-income, minority children...
February 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Sally L Brown, Rufus L Chaney, Ganga M Hettiarachchi
Urban agriculture is growing in cities across the United States. It has the potential to provide multiple benefits, including increased food security. Concerns about soil contamination in urban areas can be an impediment to urban agriculture. Lead is the most common contaminant in urban areas. In this paper, direct (soil ingestion via outdoor and indoor exposure) and indirect (consumption of food grown in Pb-contaminated soils) exposure pathways are reviewed. It is highly unlikely that urban agriculture will increase incidences of elevated blood Pb for children in urban areas...
January 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Lucy S Tusting, John C Rek, Emmanuel Arinaitwe, Sarah G Staedke, Moses R Kamya, Christian Bottomley, Deborah Johnston, Jo Lines, Grant Dorsey, Steve W Lindsay
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is an important risk factor for malaria, but there is no consensus on how to measure SEP in malaria studies. We evaluated the relative strength of four indicators of SEP in predicting malaria risk in Nagongera, Uganda. A total of 318 children resident in 100 households were followed for 36 months to measure parasite prevalence routinely every 3 months and malaria incidence by passive case detection. Household SEP was determined using: 1) two wealth indices, 2) income, 3) occupation, and 4) education...
March 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Naruna Pereira Rocha, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Juliana Farias de Novaes, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To address the association between food and nutrition insecurity and cardiometabolic risk factors in childhood and adolescence. DATA SOURCE: Articles were selected from the Medline, Lilacs and SciELO databases with no publication date limit, involving children and adolescents, using the descriptors: food and nutrition security, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, stress and dyslipidemia. The terms were used in Portuguese, English and Spanish...
June 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
(no author information available yet)
Rising global temperatures are causing major physical, chemical, and ecological changes in the planet. There is wide consensus among scientific organizations and climatologists that these broad effects, known as "climate change," are the result of contemporary human activity. Climate change poses threats to human health, safety, and security, and children are uniquely vulnerable to these threats. The effects of climate change on child health include: physical and psychological sequelae of weather disasters; increased heat stress; decreased air quality; altered disease patterns of some climate-sensitive infections; and food, water, and nutrient insecurity in vulnerable regions...
November 2015: Pediatrics
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