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food security, food consumption, children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717920/mother-and-adolescent-eating-in-the-context-of-food-insecurity-findings-from-urban-public-housing
#1
Meg Bruening, Joanna Lucio, Stephanie Brennhofer
Introduction Anecdotal evidence suggests that parents protect their children from food insecurity and its effects, but few studies have concurrently assessed food insecurity among youth and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine food insecurity and eating behaviors among an urban sample of mother-adolescent dyads. Methods Mother-adolescent dyads (n = 55) were from six public housing sites in Phoenix, Arizona who completed surveys during 2014. Multivariate mixed linear and logistic regression models assessed the relationship between mother and adolescent eating behaviors in the context of food insecurity...
July 17, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#2
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625036/sago-worms-as-a-nutritious-traditional-and-alternative-food-for-rural-children-in-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#3
Intan R Nirmala, Trees, Suwarni, Mochammad S Pramono
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sago worm Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is a nutritious food source found in the remaining parts of a sago palm trunk after the removal of sago starch by farmers. The effort to increase sago worm consumption is investigated in an intervention study among children aged <5 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1-5 years were allocated to a sago worm inclusive diet (n=10) and to a control group eating a usual diet, but without sago worms (n=13)...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619039/food-insecurity-and-food-consumption-by-season-in-households-with-children-in-an-arctic-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Catherine Huet, James D Ford, Victoria L Edge, Jamal Shirley, Nia King, Sherilee L Harper
BACKGROUND: High rates of food insecurity are documented among Inuit households in Canada; however, data on food insecurity prevalence and seasonality for Inuit households with children are lacking, especially in city centres. This project: (1) compared food consumption patterns for households with and without children, (2) compared the prevalence of food insecurity for households with and without children, (3) compared food consumption patterns and food insecurity prevalence between seasons, and (4) identified factors associated with food insecurity in households with children in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593016/associations-among-anthropometric-measures-food-consumption-and-quality-of-life-in-school-age-children-in-tanzania
#5
Mayumi Ohnishi, Sebalada Leshabari, Joel Seme Ambikile, Kazuyo Oishi, Yuko Nakao, Mika Nishihara
Objectives: The factors associated with quality of life (QOL) and anthropometric measurements as outcomes of food consumption were examined among school-age children in Tanzania. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in September 2013 in Tanzania. Anonymous self-administered questionnaire surveys were conducted in the Kiswahili language among primary school children in the fifth and/or sixth grade aged 10-14 years. The survey probed sociodemographic characteristics such as age, gender, living with family members, number of meals/snacks per day, food consumption in the previous 24 hours, and QOL, as well as anthropometric measurements (height and weight)...
May 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441944/effects-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-on-the-outcome-of-treatment-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#6
Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404834/promotion-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-increased-vitamin-a-intakes-and-reduced-the-odds-of-low-retinol-binding-protein-among-postpartum-kenyan-women
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amy Webb Girard, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, Jan Low
Background: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) improves vitamin A (VA) status of young children; research with pregnant and lactating women is limited.Objective: We examined the effectiveness of the Mama SASHA (Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa) program to improve nutrition knowledge, diets, and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in Western Kenya.Methods: Eight health facilities were allocated to the Mama SASHA intervention or comparison arms. PLW in intervention facilities received enhanced nutrition counseling at health clinics, were linked with community-based maternal support groups, and received vouchers for OFSP vine cuttings...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381529/lean-season-food-transfers-affect-children-s-diets-and-household-food-security-evidence-from-a-quasi-experiment-in-malawi
#8
Aulo Gelli, Noora-Lisa Aberman, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Bob Baulch, Ephraim Chirwa
Background: There is evidence that social transfers increase food consumption, improving the quantity and quality of food consumed by poor households. Questions remain on how to improve the effectiveness of social programs.Objective: The aim was to assess the impact of a lean-season food transfer on household food security, diet, and nutrition status of young children during the lean season in Malawi and to understand processes through which transfers operated.Methods: This was a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study based on 2 survey rounds in the Zomba district in Malawi...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054955/which-food-security-determinants-predict-adequate-vegetable-consumption-among-rural-western-australian-children
#9
Stephanie L Godrich, Johnny Lo, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
Improving the suboptimal vegetable consumption among the majority of Australian children is imperative in reducing chronic disease risk. The objective of this research was to determine whether there was a relationship between food security determinants (FSD) (i.e., food availability, access, and utilisation dimensions) and adequate vegetable consumption among children living in regional and remote Western Australia (WA). Caregiver-child dyads (n = 256) living in non-metropolitan/rural WA completed cross-sectional surveys that included questions on FSD, demographics and usual vegetable intake...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017594/delivering-summer-electronic-benefit-transfers-for-children-through-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-or-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-benefit-use-and-impacts-on-food-security-and-foods-consumed
#10
Anne R Gordon, Ronette R Briefel, Ann M Collins, Gretchen M Rowe, Jacob A Klerman
BACKGROUND: The Summer Electronic Benefit Transfers for Children (SEBTC) demonstration piloted summer food assistance through electronic benefit transfers (EBTs), providing benefits either through the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) EBT. OBJECTIVE: To inform food assistance policy and describe how demonstrations using WIC and SNAP models differed in benefit take-up and impacts on food security and children's food consumption...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863001/dietary-quality-and-household-food-insecurity-among-mexican-children-and-adolescents
#11
Luis A Rodríguez, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Seventy percent of Mexican households experience some level of food insecurity (FI). Studies have shown positive associations between FI and poor dietary quality. As far as it is known, this is the first time the Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) has been used to assess dietary quality of children and adolescents in Mexico, and to examine if FI is related to it. The objective of this research is to assess dietary quality and its association with FI among Mexican children and adolescents from a nationally representative cross-sectional sample...
November 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680994/effect-of-complementary-food-supplementation-on-breastfeeding-and-home-diet-in-rural-bangladeshi-children
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rebecca K Campbell, Kristen M Hurley, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Saijuddin Shaikh, Zaynah T Chowdhury, Sucheta Mehra, Saskia de Pee, Tahmeed Ahmed, Keith P West, Parul Christian
BACKGROUND: Complementary food supplements (CFSs) can enhance growth where stunting is common, but substitution for the usual diet may reduce observed benefits. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize dietary diversity from home foods in a CFS efficacy trial and determine whether supplementation reduced breastfeeding frequency or displaced home foods. DESIGN: In a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, children (n = 5499) received, for 1 y starting at age 6 mo, periodic child feeding counseling for mothers (control) or counseling plus 1 of 4 CFSs fed as a daily snack...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573974/soft-drinks-consumption-and-child-behaviour-problems-the-role-of-food-insecurity-and-sleep-patterns
#13
Christian King
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the association between soft drinks consumption and child behaviour problems differs by food security status and sleep patterns in young children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), which collected information on food insecurity, soft drinks consumption, sleep patterns and child behaviour problems. Bivariate and multivariate ordinary least-squares regression analyses predicting child behaviour problems and accounting for socio-economic factors and household characteristics were performed...
August 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560723/differences-in-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-by-race-ethnicity-and-by-hispanic-origin-and-nativity-among-women-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-2015
#14
Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Karen Weber Cullen, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Heewon Lee Gray, Alla Sikorskii
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this exploratory study was to determine whether fruit and vegetable consumption differed by race/ethnicity, by origin and nativity among Hispanics, and by language preference (as an indicator of acculturation) among foreign-born Hispanics. METHODS: We recruited 723 women enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) and orally administered a questionnaire containing demographic items, validated measures of food security status and social desirability trait, and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System fruit and vegetable module...
August 25, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456223/time-constrained-mother-and-expanding-market-emerging-model-of-under-nutrition-in-india
#15
S Chaturvedi, S Ramji, N K Arora, S Rewal, R Dasgupta, V Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Persistent high levels of under-nutrition in India despite economic growth continue to challenge political leadership and policy makers at the highest level. The present inductive enquiry was conducted to map the perceptions of mothers and other key stakeholders, to identify emerging drivers of childhood under-nutrition. METHODS: We conducted a multi-centric qualitative investigation in six empowered action group states of India. The study sample included 509 in-depth interviews with mothers of undernourished and normal nourished children, policy makers, district level managers, implementer and facilitators...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443524/food-security-and-nutritional-status-of-children-under-five-in-households-affected-by-hiv-and-aids-in-kiandutu-informal-settlement-kiambu-county-kenya
#16
Peter M Chege, Zipporah W Ndungu, Betty M Gitonga
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316780/improvement-in-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-associated-with-more-favorable-energy-density-and-nutrient-and-food-group-intake-but-not-kilocalories
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Debbe Thompson, Robert J Ferry, Karen W Cullen, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: Children generally do not consume adequate amounts of fruits and vegetables (F/V). Eating more F/V can improve energy density and overall diet quality. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate whether improvements in F/V consumption were associated with improvements in energy density, total calories, and dietary components related to F/V. DESIGN: We performed secondary analyses of dietary data from a successful four-group randomized controlled trial promoting F/V...
September 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280615/improved-water-and-household-water-purification-practices-among-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-in-a-multi-sectoral-empowerment-program-in-eastern-province-kenya
#18
Michael Goodman, Aleisha Elliott, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser, Lauren A Raimer-Goodman
Water quality is an important determinant of diarrheal illnesses, especially affecting children in sub-Saharan Africa. Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa are at increased risk of poor quality drinking water, and therefore of diarrheal illness. The present study assesses primary drinking water source and typical household water purification among OVC households involved in a multi-sectoral empowerment program in semi-rural Kenya. Findings show water purification practices, but not water source, significantly increase with more time in the program...
June 2016: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187913/evidence-based-evolution-of-an-integrated-nutrition-focused-agriculture-approach-to-address-the-underlying-determinants-of-stunting
#19
Nancy J Haselow, Ame Stormer, Alissa Pries
Despite progress in reducing hunger and malnutrition since the 1990s, many still suffer from undernutrition and food insecurity, particularly women and young children, resulting in preterm birth, low birthweight and stunting, among other conditions. Helen Keller International (HKI) has addressed malnutrition and household food insecurity through implementation of an Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) programme that increases year-round availability and intake of diverse micronutrient-rich foods and promotes optimal nutrition and hygiene practices among poor households...
May 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186884/forests-trees-and-micronutrient-rich-food-consumption-in-indonesia
#20
Amy Ickowitz, Dominic Rowland, Bronwen Powell, Mohammad Agus Salim, Terry Sunderland
Micronutrient deficiency remains a serious problem in Indonesia with approximately 100 million people, or 40% of the population, suffering from one or more micronutrient deficiencies. In rural areas with poor market access, forests and trees may provide an essential source of nutritious food. This is especially important to understand at a time when forests and other tree-based systems in Indonesia are being lost at unprecedented rates. We use food consumption data from the 2003 Indonesia Demographic Health Survey for children between the ages of one and five years and data on vegetation cover from the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry to examine whether there is a relationship between different tree-dominated land classes and consumption of micronutrient-rich foods across the archipelago...
2016: PloS One
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