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food security, food consumption, children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890875/variation-in-men-s-dietary-intake-between-occupations-based-on-data-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#1
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Keiko Asakura, Ayako Senju, Eiji Shibata, Koichi Kusuhara, Seiichi Morokuma, Masafumi Sanefuji, Toshihiro Kawamoto
There has been increasing interest in dietary health promotion in the workplace. Although many previous studies have focused on dietary habits in specific occupations, variation between occupational groups requires clarification. The present study aimed to examine differences in food and nutrient intake between occupational groups, using detailed classification. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study. The study included 38,721 employed Japanese expectant fathers aged between 20 and 65 years...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867006/egg-consumption-in-infants-is-associated-with-longer-recumbent-length-and-greater-intake-of-several-nutrients-essential-in-growth-and-development
#2
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Nutrient intake during infancy is critical for healthy growth and development. The present study examined egg consumption and associations with nutrient intakes, markers of growth and weight-related measures in infants 6⁻24 months of age ( N = 561) compared to infant egg non-consumers ( N = 2129). Egg consumers were defined as those infants consuming eggs (i.e., with the exclusion of mixed dishes) during a 24-h dietary recall. Associations with nutrient intakes and markers of growth variables were evaluated using data from What We Eat in America, the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001⁻2012...
June 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775834/association-between-food-insecurity-and-food-intake
#3
Melissa Luciana de Araújo, Raquel de Deus Mendonça, José Divino Lopes Filho, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
BACKGROUND: We aim to identify the prevalence of food insecurity and to ascertain the association between food insecurity and food intake. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The study included users of a primary healthcare service in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2013 to 2014. Socioeconomic, health, and food intake data were gathered using a questionnaire and the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. SUBJECTS: Individuals 20 years old or older (n = 2817)...
March 28, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690871/association-of-food-security-status-with-overweight-and-dietary-intake-exploration-of-white-british-and-pakistani-origin-families-in-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#4
T C Yang, P Sahota, K E Pickett, M Bryant
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity has been associated with dietary intake and weight status in UK adults and children although results have been mixed and ethnicity has not been explored. We aimed to compare prevalence and trajectories of weight and dietary intakes among food secure and insecure White British and Pakistani-origin families. METHODS: At 12 months postpartum, mothers in the Born in Bradford cohort completed a questionnaire on food security status and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) assessing their child's intake in the previous month; at 18 months postpartum, mothers completed a short-form FFQ assessing dietary intake in the previous 12 months...
April 24, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667562/caregiver-perceptions-of-a-fruit-and-vegetable-prescription-programme-for-low-income-paediatric-patients
#5
Amy Saxe-Custack, Heather Claire Lofton, Mona Hanna-Attisha, Colleen Victor, Gwendolyn Reyes, Tiffany Ceja, Jenny LaChance
OBJECTIVE: The physical and social environments that surround children should support good health. However, challenges with food security and access prevent many children from consuming a healthy diet, which is critical to proper growth and development. The present study sought to gain a better understanding of primary care initiatives to address these issues in a low-income setting. DESIGN: Following the relocation of a paediatric clinic to a farmers' market building and the implementation of a fruit and vegetable prescription programme, researchers conducted thirty-two semi-structured interviews with caregivers...
April 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592869/a-summer-nutrition-benefit-pilot-program-and-low-income-children-s-food-security
#6
Ann M Collins, Jacob A Klerman, Ronette Briefel, Gretchen Rowe, Anne R Gordon, Christopher W Logan, Anne Wolf, Stephen H Bell
BACKGROUND: Federal summer meals programs serve less than one-sixth of children that receive free or reduced-price meals during the school year. To address this gap in food assistance for school-aged children, the Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children (SEBTC) Demonstrations provided summer food assistance in the form of electronic benefits transfer cards to households with school-aged children certified for free or reduced-price meals during the school year. METHODS: Over 2011-2013, the SEBTC demonstrations were evaluated by using a random assignment design...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558837/cracking-the-egg-potential-traditional-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-a-food-based-nutrition-intervention-in-highland-ecuador
#7
William F Waters, Carlos Andres Gallegos, Celia Karp, Chessa Lutter, Christine Stewart, Lora Iannotti
BACKGROUND: Food-based interventions can reduce the prevalence of undernutrition and improve household food security, but nutritious and accessible foods may be underutilized. In Ecuador, eggs are inexpensive and widely available, but while they are a valuable source of essential nutrients for infants and young children, medical advice and community-based information have limited their inclusion in infants' diets. OBJECTIVE: A qualitative component was conducted to understand local perceptions, knowledge, and practices to complement a randomized control trial that studied the effect of introducing eggs on nutritional status and growth in infants from 6 to 9 months in rural communities in the highland province of Cotopaxi, Ecuador...
June 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388520/development-of-a-tool-to-measure-the-number-of-foods-and-beverages-consumed-by-children-using-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-ffq-data
#8
Kelly J Tanner, Rosanna P Watowicz
OBJECTIVE: There is currently no standard, objective definition of selective eating. This is partially because normative values for the number of different foods eaten by US children have not been established. The present study objectives were to: (i) perform exploratory analysis on the number of different foods, beverages, and total foods and beverages consumed by US children aged 2-18 years over a year's time, and the types of foods consumed by those in the lowest 2·5th percentile; and (ii) determine whether those values differ according to demographic variables and weight status...
February 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359438/mothers-groups-enrich-diet-and-culture-through-promoting-traditional-quichua-foods
#9
Marion L Roche, Lorena Ambato, Julieta Sarsoza, Harriet V Kuhnlein
Indigenous Peoples in Latin America bear a disproportionate burden of undernutrition, yet traditional foods, including wild leafy greens, can contribute nutritional value to diets. As part of a community nutrition intervention using local foods in highland Tungurahua, Ecuador, mothers' groups promoted the consumption of wild leafy greens through community cooking clubs and recipe competitions at local fairs. The objective was to assess the social, cultural, and nutritional potential of a mothers' club intervention that promoted 2 indigenous greens (stinging nettle/Urtica dioica L...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232413/determinants-of-dietary-diversity-and-the-potential-role-of-men-in-improving-household-nutrition-in-tanzania
#10
Justus Ochieng, Victor Afari-Sefa, Philipo Joseph Lukumay, Thomas Dubois
Good nutrition is a prerequisite for a healthy and active life, especially for agriculture-dependent households. However, diets in most households in Tanzania lack diversity because the intake of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables and fruits is low. This study estimates factors influencing dietary diversity of the household, children under five years, and women using primary survey data. It qualitatively assesses male dietary patterns and men's potential role in improving the nutritional status of the entire household...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132398/traditions-beliefs-and-indigenous-technologies-in-connection-with-the-edible-longhorn-grasshopper-ruspolia-differens-serville-1838-in-tanzania
#11
Mercy W Mmari, John N Kinyuru, Henry S Laswai, Judith K Okoth
BACKGROUND: Edible insects are an important source of food to many African populations. The longhorn grasshopper, Ruspolia differens (Serville 1838), commonly known as senene in Tanzania is one of the most appreciated edible insects by societies around Lake Victoria crescent. Senene is primarily an essential treat for the tribes around the lake, e.g., the Haya of Tanzania, Luo of Kenya and Baganda of Uganda. Despite its importance as a food item and appreciation as a delicacy, there are few studies dealing with culture, beliefs and indigenous technology in connection with the senene...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993471/early-life-socioeconomic-determinants-of-dietary-score-and-pattern-trajectories-across-six-waves-of-the-longitudinal-study-of-australian-children
#12
Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, Jessica A Kerr, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Social patterning of dietary-related diseases may partly be explained by population disparities in children's diets. This study aimed to determine which early life socioeconomic factors best predict dietary trajectories across childhood. METHODS: For waves 2-6 of the Baby (B) Cohort (ages 2-3 to 10-11 years) and waves 1-6 of the Kindergarten (K) Cohort (ages 4-5 to 14-15 years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, we constructed trajectories of dietary scores and of empirically derived dietary patterns...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980846/influence-of-sociocultural-practices-on-food-and-nutrition-security-in-karamoja-subregion-of-uganda
#13
C Muggaga, D Ongeng, B Mugonola, I Okello-Uma, N A Kaaya, D Taylor
The study determined the influence of sociocultural practices on food and nutrition security of children and women in Karamoja subregion, located in northeastern Uganda. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted among 133 participants. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Findings indicate that cultural norms, myths, and taboos restrict consumption of animal-sourced foods and some green vegetables by women. Sociocultural practices promoted prelacteal feeding, affecting the implementation of World Health Organization's recommendations for exclusive breast feeding...
September 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862694/an-assessment-of-the-food-and-nutrition-security-status-of-weaned-7-12-months-old-children-in-rural-and-peri-urban-communities-of-gauteng-and-limpopo-provinces-south-africa
#14
Sithandiwe Ntila, Muthulisi Siwela, Unathi Kolanisi, Hafiz Abdelgadir, Ashwell Ndhlala
This study assessed the food and nutrition security status of children receiving complementary food in rural and peri-urban communities. A group of 106 mothers from Lebowakgomo village and Hammanskraal Township, respectively, participated in the survey. Additionally, six focus group discussions were conducted per study area to assess the mothers' perceptions about children's food access. The Children's Food Insecurity Access Scale (CFIAS) was used to assess the food security status (access) of the children...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717920/mother-and-adolescent-eating-in-the-context-of-food-insecurity-findings-from-urban-public-housing
#15
Meg Bruening, Joanna Lucio, Stephanie Brennhofer
Introduction Anecdotal evidence suggests that parents protect their children from food insecurity and its effects, but few studies have concurrently assessed food insecurity among youth and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine food insecurity and eating behaviors among an urban sample of mother-adolescent dyads. Methods Mother-adolescent dyads (n = 55) were from six public housing sites in Phoenix, Arizona who completed surveys during 2014. Multivariate mixed linear and logistic regression models assessed the relationship between mother and adolescent eating behaviors in the context of food insecurity...
October 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#16
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m2 ) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
November 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625036/sago-worms-as-a-nutritious-traditional-and-alternative-food-for-rural-children-in-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#17
Intan R Nirmala, Trees, Suwarni, Mochammad S Pramono
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sago worm Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is a nutritious food source found in the remaining parts of a sago palm trunk after the removal of sago starch by farmers. The effort to increase sago worm consumption is investigated in an intervention study among children aged <5 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1-5 years were allocated to a sago worm inclusive diet (n=10) and to a control group eating a usual diet, but without sago worms (n=13)...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619039/food-insecurity-and-food-consumption-by-season-in-households-with-children-in-an-arctic-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Catherine Huet, James D Ford, Victoria L Edge, Jamal Shirley, Nia King, Sherilee L Harper
BACKGROUND: High rates of food insecurity are documented among Inuit households in Canada; however, data on food insecurity prevalence and seasonality for Inuit households with children are lacking, especially in city centres. This project: (1) compared food consumption patterns for households with and without children, (2) compared the prevalence of food insecurity for households with and without children, (3) compared food consumption patterns and food insecurity prevalence between seasons, and (4) identified factors associated with food insecurity in households with children in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593016/associations-among-anthropometric-measures-food-consumption-and-quality-of-life-in-school-age-children-in-tanzania
#19
Mayumi Ohnishi, Sebalada Leshabari, Joel Seme Ambikile, Kazuyo Oishi, Yuko Nakao, Mika Nishihara
Objectives: The factors associated with quality of life (QOL) and anthropometric measurements as outcomes of food consumption were examined among school-age children in Tanzania. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in September 2013 in Tanzania. Anonymous self-administered questionnaire surveys were conducted in the Kiswahili language among primary school children in the fifth and/or sixth grade aged 10-14 years. The survey probed sociodemographic characteristics such as age, gender, living with family members, number of meals/snacks per day, food consumption in the previous 24 hours, and QOL, as well as anthropometric measurements (height and weight)...
May 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441944/effects-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-on-the-outcome-of-treatment-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
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