keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Functional neurologist

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647705/revolution-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke-care-a-practical-guide-to-mechanical-thrombectomy
#1
REVIEW
Matthew Evans, Phil White, Peter Cowley, David Werring
Rapid, safe and effective arterial recanalisation to restore blood flow and improve functional outcome remains the primary goal of hyperacute ischaemic stroke management. The benefit of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator for patients with severe stroke due to large artery occlusion is limited; early recanalisation is generally less than 30% for carotid, proximal middle cerebral artery or basilar artery occlusion. Since November 2014, nine positive randomised controlled trials of mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation have led to a revolution in the care of patients with acute ischaemic stroke...
June 24, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633023/the-insular-cortex
#2
Nadine Gogolla
Whether you see the person you are in love with, try to listen to your own heartbeat, suffer from a headache, or crave for a chocolate cookie, one part of your brain is sure to increase its activity strongly: the insular cortex. The insular cortex, or 'insula' for short, is part of the cerebral cortex. J.C. Reil, a German neurologist, first named this brain structure in the early 19(th) century. Subsequent research findings have implicated the insula in an overwhelming variety of functions ranging from sensory processing to representing feelings and emotions, autonomical and motor control, risk prediction and decision-making, bodily- and self-awareness, and complex social functions like empathy...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630894/next-generation-probes-particles-and-proteins-for-neural-interfacing
#3
REVIEW
Jonathan Rivnay, Huiliang Wang, Lief Fenno, Karl Deisseroth, George G Malliaras
Bidirectional interfacing with the nervous system enables neuroscience research, diagnosis, and therapy. This two-way communication allows us to monitor the state of the brain and its composite networks and cells as well as to influence them to treat disease or repair/restore sensory or motor function. To provide the most stable and effective interface, the tools of the trade must bridge the soft, ion-rich, and evolving nature of neural tissue with the largely rigid, static realm of microelectronics and medical instruments that allow for readout, analysis, and/or control...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607558/hashimoto-s-encephalopathy-presenting-with-unusual-behavioural-disturbances-in-an-adolescent-girl
#4
Murugan Selvaraj Karthik, Kulothungan Nandhini, Viswanath Subashini, Ramasamy Balakrishnan
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare autoimmune disorder with neurological and neuropsychiatric manifestations and elevated titres of anti-thyroid antibodies. Here we are reporting a case of HE in a 19-year-old girl who presented with seizure-like episodes, confusion, and behavioural disturbances with catatonic symptoms such as posturing, echopraxia, echolalia, and ambivalence. Patient did not respond to antipsychotics and anticonvulsants. On further investigation, patient was found to have high serum anti-TPO antibodies of about 1261 U/mL with euthyroid status, which supported a suspicion of HE...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549752/inter-rater-variability-in-motor-function-assessment-in-parkinson-s-disease-between-experts-in-movement-disorders-and-nurses-specialising-in-pd-management
#5
T de Deus Fonticoba, D Santos García, M Macías Arribí
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: In clinical practice, assessing patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex, time-consuming task. Our purpose is to provide a rigorous and objective evaluation of how motor function in PD patients is assessed by neurologists specialising in movement disorders, on the one hand, and by nurses specialising in PD management, on the other. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, single-centre study of 50 patients with PD (52% men; mean age: 64...
May 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549726/spasticity-dyskinesia-and-ataxia-in-cerebral-palsy-are-we-sure-we-can-differentiate-them
#6
H Eggink, D Kremer, O F Brouwer, M F Contarino, M E van Egmond, A Elema, K Folmer, J F van Hoorn, L A van de Pol, V Roelfsema, M A J Tijssen
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral palsy (CP) can be classified as spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic or combined. Correct classification is essential for symptom-targeted treatment. This study aimed to investigate agreement among professionals on the phenotype of children with CP based on standardized videos. METHODS: In a prospective, observational pilot study, videos of fifteen CP patients (8 boys, mean age 11 ± 5 y) were rated by three pediatric neurologists, three rehabilitation physicians and three movement disorder specialists...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522183/operating-environment-for-awake-brain-surgery-choice-of-tests
#7
REVIEW
M Wager, P Rigoard, C Bouyer, V Baudiffier, V Stal, B Bataille, R Gil, F Du Boisgueheneuc
INTRODUCTION: The indication for awake brain surgery depends on a prerequisite, i.e. recognition that the brain area concerned is truly eloquent, and identification of one or more functions that must be preserved. These functions are determined preoperatively in collaboration with the patient, and neuropsychological tests considered to be the most relevant are performed in the operating room according to each team's technical preferences. OPERATING ENVIRONMENT: The neurosurgeon must choose transfer equipment considered to be relevant...
May 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505336/financial-capacity-and-its-cognitive-predictors-in-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Adam Gerstenecker, Terina Myers, Kathleen Lowry, Roy C Martin, Kristen L Triebel, Khurram Bashir, Daniel C Marson
Objective: Financial capacity is a cognitively-complex activity of daily living that has been shown to decline in a number of neurocognitive disorders. Although it has been well established that cognitive decline is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), little is known about possible financial capacity impairment in people with MS. Thus, the objective of the current study is to investigate financial capacity and its neurocognitive correlates in MS. Methods: Data from 22 people with progressive MS and a healthy comparison group composed of 18 adults were analyzed...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496353/early-manifestations-of-renal-disease-in-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#9
Laura Malaga-Dieguez, Robert Spencer, Laura J Pehrson, Suzanne Vento, Kimberly Menzer, Orrin Devinsky, Howard Trachtman
OBJECTIVES: Renal manifestations are the second most significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), and include renal cysts, angiomyolipomas, fat-poor lesions, and malignant tumors. These lesions begin in childhood and often lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known on the incidence of early modifiable risk factors of CKD, such as proteinuria and hypertension, or subtle decreases in glomerular filtration rate that correspond to the early stages of CKD in children with TSC...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453751/the-neurologic-assessment-in-neuro-oncology-nano-scale-a-tool-to-assess-neurologic-function-for-integration-into-the-response-assessment-in-neuro-oncology-rano-criteria
#10
Lakshmi Nayak, Lisa M DeAngelis, Alba A Brandes, David M Peereboom, Evanthia Galanis, Nancy U Lin, Riccardo Soffietti, David R Macdonald, Marc Chamberlain, James Perry, Kurt Jaeckle, Minesh Mehta, Roger Stupp, Alona Muzikansky, Elena Pentsova, Timothy Cloughesy, Fabio M Iwamoto, Joerg-Christian Tonn, Michael A Vogelbaum, Patrick Y Wen, Martin J van den Bent, David A Reardon
Background.: The Macdonald criteria and the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria define radiologic parameters to classify therapeutic outcome among patients with malignant glioma and specify that clinical status must be incorporated and prioritized for overall assessment. But neither provides specific parameters to do so. We hypothesized that a standardized metric to measure neurologic function will permit more effective overall response assessment in neuro-oncology. Methods...
May 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404068/association-between-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#11
Julie Le Gal, Jean-Francois Michel, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Daniele Spiri, Raffaella Moretti, Donatella Bettati, Silvia Romanello, Paola Berlese, Rosa Lualdi, Priscilla Boizeau, Jerome Viala, Marc Bellaiche, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Giovanni Crichiutti, Corinne Alberti, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders and migraine are both common causes of medical attention. We have previously shown an association between migraine and infant colic. In this case-control study, we aimed to establish whether there is an association between migraine and other functional gastrointestinal disorders in children and adolescents. METHODS: We included children and adolescents aged 6-17 years presenting to the emergency department of four tertiary hospitals in France and Italy...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400980/association-between-coagulation-function-and-cerebral-microbleeds-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-or-rheumatic-heart-disease
#12
Junfeng Liu, Deren Wang, Yao Xiong, Bian Liu, Jing Lin, Shihong Zhang, Bo Wu, Chenchen Wei, Ming Liu
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), which indicate hemorrhage-prone disease, may associate with hemostatic abnormalities, but the association between CMBs and coagulation function is uncertain. We aimed to examine this possible association. The following coagulation function indicators were evaluated in 85 consecutive ischemic stroke patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation and/or rheumatic heart disease: prothrombintime (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and levels of D-dimer and fibrinogen. Indicators were assessed within 24 h after admission...
April 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394231/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-children-born-to-prospectively-followed-pregnancies-of-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#13
C Nalli, A Iodice, L Andreoli, J Galli, A Lojacono, M Motta, E Fazzi, A Tincani
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) are autoimmune diseases that affect women of childbearing age. Maternal IgG antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) can cross the placenta during pregnancy and theoretically reach the fetal brain. Some studies showed an increased number of learning disabilities in these children. Objectives To evaluate the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of 40 children (median age 7.4 years) born to mothers with SLE and/or APS carrying positive IgG aPL during the third trimester of pregnancy...
April 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389021/ictal-speech-and-language-dysfunction-in-adult-epilepsy-clinical-study-of-95%C3%A2-seizures
#14
C Dussaule, C Cauquil, C Flamand-Roze, J-P Gagnepain, V Bouilleret, C Denier, P Masnou
PURPOSE: To analyze the semiological characteristics of the language and speech disorders arising during epileptic seizures, and to describe the patterns of language and speech disorders that can predict laterality of the epileptic focus. METHOD: This study retrospectively analyzed 95 consecutive videos of seizures with language and/or speech disorders in 44 patients admitted for diagnostic video-EEG monitoring. Laterality of the epileptic focus was defined according to electro-clinical correlation studies and structural and functional neuroimaging findings...
April 4, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375917/urogenital-symptoms-in-neurologic-patients
#15
Jalesh N Panicker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract and sexual dysfunction are commonly reported sequelae of neurologic disease and have a significant impact on quality of life. This article presents an up-to-date summary of the clinical presentation, investigations, and treatment options for urogenital dysfunction in patients with neurologic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The pattern of lower urinary tract dysfunction is influenced by the site of the neurologic lesion. The risk for developing upper urinary tract damage is considerably less in patients with slowly progressive nontraumatic neurologic disorders, as compared to those with spinal cord injury or spina bifida...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375912/disorders-of-taste-and-smell
#16
Ronald DeVere
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article aims to educate clinical neurologists on the importance of taste and smell disorders in clinical neurology. These disorders commonly occur in head trauma, multiple sclerosis, seizure disorders, and neurodegenerative diseases such as idiopathic Parkinson disease and dementia, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer disease, just to name a few. This article covers the basic anatomy of smell and taste, notes the important points of taking a proper history, and discusses smell and taste testing, which are inexpensive, minimally time-consuming procedures...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375910/dizziness-in-the-outpatient-care-setting
#17
Terry D Fife
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes an approach to evaluating dizziness for the general neurologist and reviews common and important causes of dizziness and vertigo. RECENT FINDINGS: Improved methods of diagnosing patients with vertigo and dizziness have been evolving, including additional diagnostic criteria and characterization of some common conditions that cause dizziness (eg, vestibular migraine, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, chronic subjective dizziness)...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368272/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Samir Dalwai, Shabina Ahmed, Vrajesh Udani, Nandini Mundkur, S S Kamath, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a clinically heterogenous condition with a wide range of etiological factors and causing significant public health burden. ASD poses a serious developmental disadvantage to the child in the form of poor schooling, social function and adult productivity. Thus, framing evidence-based national guidelines is a pressing need. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Paediatrics in Mumbai on 18th and 19th December 2015...
May 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367674/high-edss-can-predict-risk-for-upper-urinary-tract-damage-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Benjamin V Ineichen, Marc P Schneider, Martin Hlavica, Niels Hagenbuch, Michael Linnebank, Thomas M Kessler
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) is very common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and it might jeopardize renal function and thereby increase mortality. Although there are well-known urodynamic risk factors for upper urinary tract damage, no clinical prediction parameters are available. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess clinical parameters potentially predicting urodynamic risk factors for upper urinary tract damage. METHODS: A consecutive series of 141 patients with MS referred from neurologists for primary neuro-urological work-up including urodynamics were prospectively evaluated...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347498/jules-and-augusta-dejerine-pierre-marie-joseph-babi%C3%A5-ski-georges-guillain-and-their-students-during-world-war-i
#20
REVIEW
O Walusinski
World War I (1914-1918), however tragic, was nonetheless an "edifying school of nervous system experimental pathology" not only because of the various types of injuries, but also because their numbers were greater than any physician could have foreseen. The peripheral nervous system, the spine and the brain were all to benefit from the subsequent advances in clinical and anatomo-functional knowledge. Neurosurgeons took on nerve sutures, spinal injury exploration, and the localization and extraction of intracranial foreign bodies...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
keyword
keyword
102410
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"