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Instrumented soft tissue mobilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253058/the-comparison-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-self-stretch-measures-to-increase-shoulder-range-of-motion-in-overhead-athletes-a-critically-appraised-topic
#1
Matthew J Hussey, Alex E Boron-Magulik, Tamara C Valovich-McLeod, Cailee E Welch Bacon
Shoulder range of motion (ROM) in throwing athletes relies on a balance of mobility and stability in order to maintain proper function and health. Prior research has reported that deficits in internal rotation greater than 20 degrees, decreases in total arc of motion greater than 5 degrees when compared to the contralateral side, and decreases in horizontal adduction greater than 16 degrees have all been identified as factors that could lead to throwing related injuries.(1) Due to the increased risk of injury associated with ROM deficits, it is important for clinicians to be cognizant of how to most effectively treat these issues...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222571/the-edurep-approach-plus-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#2
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217425/short-term-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-pain-free-range-of-motion-in-a-weightlifter-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#3
Joseph Paul Coviello, Rumit Singh Kakar, Timothy James Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While there is limited evidence supporting the use of soft tissue mobilization techniques for Subacromial Pain Syndrome (SAPS), synonymous with subacromial impingement syndrome, previous studies have reported successful outcomes using soft tissue mobilization as a treatment technique. The purpose of this case report is to document the results of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) for the treatment of SAPS. CASE DESCRIPTION: Diagnosis was reached based on the subject's history, tenderness to palpation, and four out of five positive tests in the diagnostic cluster...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107757/piezosurgery-a-safe-technique-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-mobilization-in-surgical-correction-of-hemimandibular-hyperplasia-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report
#4
Amel S Eltayeb, Abdelnasir G Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: Piezoelectric bone surgery is a relatively new alternative for bone-related procedures in oral and maxillofacial surgery. It represents an innovative technique as it offers the maxillofacial surgeon the opportunity to make precise bone cuts without damaging any soft tissue and providing a blood less surgical field. Correction of facial asymmetries is still a major problem in need of an adequate solution. Neurosensory damage to the inferior alveolar nerve can be an adverse effect of surgical correction of hemimandibular hyperplasia...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999718/the-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-on-lower-extremity-muscle-performance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Nicole MacDonald, Russell Baker, Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) is a non-invasive therapeutic technique used to theoretically aid in scar tissue breakdown and absorption, fascial mobilization, and improved tissue healing. Researchers have hypothesized that utilizing IASTM will improve muscular efficiency and performance; yet previous Investigations has been focused on treating injury. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to explore the effects of IASTM on muscle performance to assess if typical treatment application affected measures of muscular performance...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#6
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857639/chiropractic-management-of-a-patient-with-perineal-numbness-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-a-case-report
#7
Harold M Olson, Andrew J Zetocha, Courtney A Olson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient with postoperative perineal numbness as a result of hip arthroscopy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A female patient presented to a chiropractic clinic with 7 weeks of ongoing perineal numbness after right hip arthroscopic surgery with labral repair. The patient reported lack of sensation during urination, sexual intercourse, and the insertion and removal of female hygienic products into the vagina...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713575/the-efficacy-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-a-systematic-review
#8
Scott W Cheatham, Matt Lee, Matt Cain, Russell Baker
BACKGROUND: Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a popular treatment for myofascial restriction. IASTM uses specially designed instruments to provide a mobilizing effect to scar tissue and myofascial adhesions. Several IASTM tools and techniques are available such as the Graston® technique. Currently, there are no systematic reviews that have specifically appraised the effects of IASTM as a treatment or to enhance joint range of motion (ROM). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically appraise the current evidence assessing the effects of IASTM as an intervention to treat a musculoskeletal pathology or to enhance joint ROM...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390432/the-effect-of-graston-technique-on-the-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Jeong-Hoon Lee, Dong-Kyu Lee, Jae-Seop Oh
UNLABELLED: [Purpose] Clinicians have reported the effects of various instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) in patients. The purpose of this study was to investigated the effects of the Graston technique and general exercise on pain and range of motion (ROM) in patients with CLBP. [Subjects and Methods] 30 patients with CLBP participated in the study (Graston technique: 15; CONTROL: 15). Before and after the 4-week intervention program, pain was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS)...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261703/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-is-it-better-than-the-standard-approach-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#10
Vishal Sarwahi, Jonathan J Horn, Preethi M Kulkarni, Adam L Wollowick, Yungtai Lo, Melanie Gambassi, Terry D Amaral
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive approach (MIS) for the surgical management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) to the standard open posterior approach (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MIS approaches offer the potential to reduce soft-tissue trauma, intraoperative blood loss, and surgical site infection. Thus far, MIS has been successfully utilized for the surgical correction of multilevel spine pathology in adults...
June 3, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992245/3d-2d-image-registration-for-target-localization-in-spine-surgery-investigation-of-similarity-metrics-providing-robustness-to-content-mismatch
#11
T De Silva, A Uneri, M D Ketcha, S Reaungamornrat, G Kleinszig, S Vogt, N Aygun, S-F Lo, J-P Wolinsky, J H Siewerdsen
In image-guided spine surgery, robust three-dimensional to two-dimensional (3D-2D) registration of preoperative computed tomography (CT) and intraoperative radiographs can be challenged by the image content mismatch associated with the presence of surgical instrumentation and implants as well as soft-tissue resection or deformation. This work investigates image similarity metrics in 3D-2D registration offering improved robustness against mismatch, thereby improving performance and reducing or eliminating the need for manual masking...
April 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952165/successful-treatment-of-a-guitarist-with-a-finger-joint-injury-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-a-case-report
#12
M Terry Loghmani, Amy J Bayliss, Greg Clayton, Evelina Gundeck
Finger injuries are common and can greatly affect a musician's quality of life. A 55-year-old man, who had injured the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left index finger 6 months prior to any intervention, was treated with a manual therapy approach incorporating instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM). Initial examination findings included self-reported pain and functional limitations and physical impairments that significantly impeded his ability to play the acoustic guitar. He was treated once a week for 6 weeks with IASTM, joint mobilization, therapeutic exercise, and ice massage...
December 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26592226/acute-effects-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-vs-foam-rolling-on-knee-and-hip-range-of-motion-in-soccer-players
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Goran Markovic
The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the acute effects of foam rolling (FR) and a new form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), Fascial Abrasion Technique ™ (FAT) on hip and knee range of motion in soccer players. Twenty male soccer players randomly allocated into FR and FAT group (n = 10 each). Passive knee flexion and straight leg raise tests were measured before, immediately after and 24 h after intervention (FR or FAT). The FR group applied a 2-min quadriceps and hamstrings rolling, while FAT group received a 2-min application of FAT to the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles...
October 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545389/the-role-of-piezoelectric-instrumentation-in-rhinoplasty-surgery
#14
Olivier Gerbault, Rollin K Daniel, Aaron M Kosins
BACKGROUND: In rhinoplasty surgery, management of the bony vault and lateral walls is most often performed with mechanical instruments: saws, chisels, osteotomes, and rasps. Over the years, these instruments have been refined to minimize damage to the surrounding soft tissues and to maximize precision. OBJECTIVES: This article will present the evolution of the authors' current operative technique based on 185 clinical cases performed over an 19-month period using piezoelectric instrumentation (PEI)...
January 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26516729/total-en-bloc-spondylectomy-of-c3-a-new-surgical-technique-and-literature-review
#15
J Štulík, M Barna, T Vyskočil, P Nesnídal, J Kryl, Z Klézl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Radical resection of a vertebra is reserved only for specific tumors that invade the surrounding tissues and recur when not removed completely. The vertebra may be removed using a piecemeal technique or en bloc, using only two (in thoracolumbar spine) or more osteotomies (in cervical spine). We present our technique of en bloc resection of subaxial cervical vertebra for Ewing's sarcoma of C3, with preservation of all nerve roots and both vertebral arteries. To our knowledge, this surgical technique has not been reported in the English literature...
2015: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26491622/a-novel-approach-for-the-reversal-of-chronic-apparent-hamstring-tightness-a-case-report
#16
Russell T Baker, Bethany L Hansberger, Lindsay Warren, Alan Nasypany
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Movement dysfunction in the trunk and lower extremity (e.g., apparent hamstring tightness) may produce pain, as well as decrease range of motion, function, and performance in athletes. Novel treatments not frequently studied in the literature, such as Total Motion Release® (TMR®) and instrument-assisted soft -tissue mobilization (IASTM), have anecdotal claims of immediate, gross gains of mobility that far exceed conventionally reported results. The purpose of this case report was to examine the efficacy of TMR® in treating an apparent tissue tightness/extensibility dysfunction and to determine if IASTM would improve outcomes if TMR® techniques failed to produce maintained improvement...
October 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26403207/mechanisms-of-shoulder-range-of-motion-deficits-in-asymptomatic-baseball-players
#17
Lane B Bailey, Ellen Shanley, Richard Hawkins, Paul F Beattie, Stacy Fritz, David Kwartowitz, Charles A Thigpen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder range of motion (ROM) deficits have been identified as injury risk factors among baseball athletes. Despite the knowledge surrounding these risk factors, there is a lack of consensus regarding the specific tissues responsible for these deficits in ROM. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the primary mechanisms of posterior shoulder tightness (capsular, musculotendinous, bony) by examining the tissue responses that occur with the application of an acute intervention in baseball players with ROM deficits...
November 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26219915/ct-accuracy-of-percutaneous-versus-open-pedicle-screw-techniques-a-series-of-1609-screws
#18
Todd M Chapman, Daniel J Blizzard, Christopher R Brown
INTRODUCTION: Traditional open exposure for posterior instrumentation requires significant soft tissue mobilization and causes significant blood loss and increased recovery time. Mal-placed screws can injure nerve roots, the spinal cord, viscera, vasculature and the cardiopulmonary system. Placement of pedicle screws using a minimally invasive technique can decrease bleeding risk, damage to soft tissues, and post-operative pain. The purpose of this study is to compare the radiographic accuracy of open free-hand versus percutaneous technique for pedicle screw placement...
June 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25810754/scoliosis-corrective-force-estimation-from-the-implanted-rod-deformation-using-3d-fem-analysis
#19
Yuichiro Abe, Manabu Ito, Kuniyoshi Abumi, Hideki Sudo, Remel Salmingo, Shigeru Tadano
BACKGROUND: Improvement of material property in spinal instrumentation has brought better deformity correction in scoliosis surgery in recent years. The increase of mechanical strength in instruments directly means the increase of force, which acts on bone-implant interface during scoliosis surgery. However, the actual correction force during the correction maneuver and safety margin of pull out force on each screw were not well known. In the present study, estimated corrective forces and pull out forces were analyzed using a novel method based on Finite Element Analysis (FEA)...
2015: Scoliosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25705347/treatment-of-thoracolumbar-fracture
#20
REVIEW
Byung-Guk Kim, Jin-Myoung Dan, Dong-Eun Shin
The most common fractures of the spine are associated with the thoracolumbar junction. The goals of treatment of thoracolumbar fracture are leading to early mobilization and rehabilitation by restoring mechanical stability of fracture and inducing neurologic recovery, thereby enabling patients to return to the workplace. However, it is still debatable about the treatment methods. Neurologic injury should be identified by thorough physical examination for motor and sensory nerve system in order to determine the appropriate treatment...
February 2015: Asian Spine Journal
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