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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471456/effects-of-resistance-training-endurance-training-and-whole-body-vibration-on-lean-body-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Chih-Chin Lai, Yu-Kang Tu, Tyng-Guey Wang, Yi-Ting Huang, Kuo-Liong Chien
Background: A variety of different types of exercise are promoted to improve muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Objective: We aimed to determine the relative effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Design: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Subjects: Adults aged 60 and over...
February 17, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470705/the-effects-of-high-dose-calcitriol-and-individualized-exercise-on-bone-metabolism-in-breast-cancer-survivors-on-hormonal-therapy-a-phase-ii-feasibility-trial
#2
Luke J Peppone, Marilyn Ling, Alissa J Huston, Mary E Reid, Michelle C Janelsins, J Edward Puzas, Charles Kamen, Auro Del Giglio, Matthew Asare, Anita R Peoples, Karen M Mustian
INTRODUCTION: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) is a long-term side effect of breast cancer therapy. Both calcitriol and weight-bearing exercise improve bone metabolism for osteoporotic patients, but are unproven in a breast cancer population. We used a novel high-dose calcitriol regimen with an individualized exercise intervention to improve bone metabolism in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We accrued 41 subjects to this open label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized feasibility trial...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470555/bernese-motive-and-goal-inventory-in-exercise-and-sport-validation-of-an-updated-version-of-the-questionnaire
#3
Julia Schmid, Vanessa Gut, Achim Conzelmann, Gorden Sudeck
Target group-specific intervention strategies are often called for in order to effectively promote exercise and sport. Currently, motives and goals are rarely included systematically in the design of interventions, despite the key role they play in well-being and adherence to exercise. The Bernese motive and goal inventory (BMZI) allows an individual diagnosis of motives and goals in exercise and sport in people in middle adulthood. The purpose of the present study was to elaborate on the original BMZI and to modify the questionnaire in order to improve its psychometric properties...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470327/a-medically-supervised-pregnancy-exercise-intervention-in-obese-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sophie Cambos, Vincent Rigalleau, Laurence Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469995/hypobaric-live-high-train-low-does-not-improve-aerobic-performance-more-than-live-low-train-low-in-cross-country-skiers
#5
Paul Robach, Joar Hansen, Aurélien Pichon, Anne-Kristine Meinild Lundby, Sune Dandanell, Gunnar Slettaløkken Falch, Daniel Hammarström, Dominik H Pesta, Christoph Siebenmann, Stefanie Keiser, Patricia Kérivel, Jon Elling Whist, Bent R Rønnestad, Carsten Lundby
Live high - train low (LHTL) using hypobaric hypoxia was previously found to improve sea-level endurance performance in well-trained individuals, however confirmatory controlled data in athletes are lacking. Here we test the hypothesis that natural-altitude LHTL improves aerobic performance in cross-country skiers, in conjunction with expansion of total hemoglobin mass (Hbmass , carbon-monoxide rebreathing technique) promoted by accelerated erythropoiesis. Following duplicate baseline measurements at sea level over the course of two weeks, nineteen Norwegian cross-country skiers (three women, sixteen men, age 20±2 yr, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) 69±5 ml...
February 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469176/current-physiotherapy-practice-in-the-management-of-tennis-elbow-a-service-evaluation
#6
M Bateman, E Whitby, S Kacha, E Salt
BACKGROUND: Tennis elbow is a common painful condition that may affect daily function and ability to work. Physiotherapy is the most commonly used primary intervention but there is a wide range of treatment options within the umbrella of physiotherapy. Our aim was to report on the treatments that are currently used by physiotherapists in a UK National Health Service (NHS) setting. METHODS: A retrospective service evaluation was conducted at two NHS hospital trusts by reviewing patient attendance records over a 1-year period...
February 22, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469011/the-effects-of-resistance-training-of-swallowing-muscles-on-dysphagia-in-older-people-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Masato Matsushima, Ryo Momosaki, Shuhei Yoshida, Rieko Mutai, Toshifumi Yodoshi, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Ryoko Horiguchi, Hiroko Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of resistance training of swallowing muscles in community-dwelling older individuals with dysphagia. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was performed in day-service and day-care facilities. The participants were older (≥65 y) community-dwelling individuals with dysphagia. The intervention group performed a tongue resistance exercise and a head flexion exercise against manual resistance. Both groups received a brochure on dysphagia rehabilitation...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468933/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-the-year-that-was-2017
#8
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science "Year That Was" section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2017 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) in pubertal swimmers, there is a decrease in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) during intense training (a catabolic-type hormonal response) with an anabolic "rebound" characterized by a significant increase of these growth factors during training tapering down...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468132/does-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-elicit-superior-benefits-to-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-in-cancer-survivors
#9
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Katrina D DuBose, Desmond Yip, Paul Craft, Stuart Semple
AIM: To determine the impact of low volume high-intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and continuous low to moderate-intensity exercise training (CLMIT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary cancer survivors ( n = 75, aged 51 ± 12 year) within 24 months of diagnosis, were randomised into three groups for 12 wk of LVHIIT ( n = 25), CLMIT ( n = 25) or control group ( n = 25). The exercise intervention involved 36 sessions (three sessions per week)...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468085/feasibility-of-a-combined-aerobic-and-cognitive-training-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-investigation
#10
Brent M Peterson, Cynthia Johnson, Kaylene R Case, Daniel Y K Shackelford, Jessica M Brown, Trent L Lalonde, Reid Hayward
Background: Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) may negatively affect upwards of 75% of cancer patients. Exercise and cognitive training, independently, may increase functional capacity and aspects of cognitive function. Yet, combined training protocols have not been evaluated in cancer survivor populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a quasi-randomized, controlled, exploratory, repeated-measures aerobic and cognitive training intervention on cognitive function in participants undergoing treatment for cancer ( N  = 28)...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468084/a-development-study-and-randomised-feasibility-trial-of-a-tailored-intervention-to-improve-activity-and-reduce-falls-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#11
Rowan H Harwood, Veronika van der Wardt, Sarah E Goldberg, Fiona Kearney, Pip Logan, Vicky Hood-Moore, Vicky Booth, Jennie E Hancox, Tahir Masud, Zoe Hoare, Andrew Brand, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Carys Jones, Roshan das Nair, Kristian Pollock, Maureen Godfrey, John R F Gladman, Kavita Vedhara, Helen Smith, Martin Orrell
Background: People with dementia progressively lose abilities and are prone to falling. Exercise- and activity-based interventions hold the prospect of increasing abilities, reducing falls, and slowing decline in cognition. Current falls prevention approaches are poorly suited to people with dementia, however, and are of uncertain effectiveness. We used multiple sources, and a co-production approach, to develop a new intervention, which we will evaluate in a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), with embedded adherence, process and economic analyses...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467565/racial-differences-in-weight-loss-mediated-by-engagement-and-behavior-change
#12
Loneke T Blackman Carr, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Dianne Stanton Ward, Kelly R Evenson, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Deborah F Tate
Objective: We set out to determine if a primarily Internet-delivered behavioral weight loss intervention produced differential weight loss in African American and non-Hispanic White women, and to identify possible mediators. Design: Data for this analysis were from a randomized controlled trial, collected at baseline and 4-months. Setting: The intervention included monthly face-to-face group sessions and an Internet component that participants were recommended to use at least once weekly...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466487/high-intensity-interval-training-in-heart-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#13
Raphael José Perrier-Melo, Fernando Augusto Marinho Dos Santos Figueira, Guilherme Veiga Guimarães, Manoel da Cunha Costa
Heart transplantation (HTx) is considered an efficient and gold-standard procedure for patients with end-stage heart failure. After surgery, patients have lower aerobic power (VO2max) and compensatory hemodynamic responses. The aim of the present study was to assess through a systematic review with meta-analysis whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can provide benefits for those parameters. This is a systematic review with meta-analysis, which searched the databases and data portals PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct and Wiley until December 2016 (pairs)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466285/the-impact-of-brain-breaks-classroom-based-physical-activities-on-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-in-polish-school-children-in-third-to-fifth-grade
#14
Agata Glapa, Joanna Grzesiak, Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska, Ming-Kai Chin, Christopher R Edginton, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Michal Bronikowski
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing attitudes toward physical activity of school children in a community in Poland. In 2015, a sample of 326 pupils aged 9-11 years old from 19 classes at three selected primary schools were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups within the study. During the classes, children in the experimental group performed physical activities two times per day in three to five minutes using Brain Breaks® videos for four months, while the control group did not use the videos during the test period...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466242/mindfulness-and-meditation-treating-cognitive-impairment-and-reducing-stress-in-dementia
#15
Jesse Russell-Williams, Wafa Jaroudi, Tania Perich, Siobhan Hoscheidt, Mohamad El Haj, Ahmed A Moustafa
This study investigates the relationship between mindfulness, meditation, cognition and stress in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia, mild cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive decline. Accordingly, we explore how the use of meditation as a behavioural intervention can reduce stress and enhance cognition, which in turn ameliorates some dementia symptoms. A narrative review of the literature was conducted with any studies using meditation as an intervention for dementia or dementia-related memory conditions meeting inclusion criteria...
February 21, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465583/-living-high-training-low-improved-weight-loss-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-level-in-a-4-week-weight-loss-program-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-pilot-study
#16
Qin Yang, Guoyuan Huang, Qianqian Tian, Wei Liu, Xiangdong Sun, Na Li, Shunli Sun, Tang Zhou, Nana Wu, Yuqin Wei, Peijie Chen, Ru Wang
BACKGROUND: "Living High-Training Low" (LHTL) is effective for the improvement of athletic ability; however, little is known about the effect of LHTL on obese individuals. The present study determined whether LHTL would have favorable influence on body composition, rebalance the appetite hormones, and explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Adolescents with obesity [body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m] were randomly assigned to "Living Low-Training Low" (LLTL, n = 19) group that slept in a normobaric normoxia condition and the LHTL (n = 16) group slept in a normobaric hypoxia room (14...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465559/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-community-based-study
#17
Yong Zhang, HongXia Cao, Pin Jiang, HaiQin Tang
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death and physical disability worldwide. However, the development of community- based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in AMI patients is hysteretic. Here, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CR applied in the community in AMI patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 130 ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after PCI were randomly divided into 2 groups in the community, rehabilitation group (n = 65) and control group (n = 65)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465496/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-training-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-devices
#18
Afnan Hamad Alswyan, Ana Carolina Sauer Liberato, Cynthia M Dougherty
PURPOSE: This systematic review identified exercise-based intervention studies in patients with cardiac implantable devices (CIDs): implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), cardiac resynchronization pacemaker or defibrillator (cardiac resynchronization therapy [CRT]), or ventricular assist device (VAD) and assessed evidence for the safety and efficacy of exercise-based interventions alone or in combination with psychoeducational components. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and PEDro databases were searched from database inception to September 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465495/exercise-rehabilitation-for-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review
#19
Mary M McDermott
PURPOSE: To summarize evidence regarding exercise therapy for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Literature was reviewed regarding optimal strategies for delivering exercise interventions for people with PAD. Randomized trial evidence and recent studies were emphasized. RESULTS: Randomized clinical trial evidence consistently demonstrates that supervised treadmill exercise improves treadmill walking performance in people with PAD...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464883/high-intensity-interval-training-improves-acute-plasma-volume-responses-to-exercise-that-is-age-dependent
#20
Georges Jabbour, Horia-Daniel Iancu, Hassane Zouhal, Pascale Mauriège, Denis R Joanisse, Luc J Martin
Plasma volume (PV) is affected by several factors including age, physical training and, acutely, by exercise intensity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIT) on PV and blood pressure (BP) changes among sedentary individuals. Thirty subjects aged between 18 and 71 years [body mass index=30.1(1.2) kg/m2 ] completed a 6-weeks HIT program. Anthropometric and fitness variables were obtained at pre- and post- HIT. PV variations during warm-up and after supramaximal cycling test (SCT) were calculated using two methods based on Hematocrit (Ht) and Hemoglobin (Hb) measures...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
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