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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#1
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666705/the-role-of-moderate-aerobic-exercise-as-determined-by-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-als
#2
Anna Caroline Marques Braga, Anabela Pinto, Susana Pinto, Mamede de Carvalho
Introduction: The efficacy of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to determining exercise intensity has not been established in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). We studied this intervention. Methods: We included 48 ALS patients randomized in 2 groups: G1 ( n = 24), exercise intensity leveled by CPET; G2 ( n = 24), standard care limited by fatigue, during 6 months. ALS functional scale (ALSFRS-R) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were performed every 3 months; CPET was done at admission ( T 1) and 6 months later ( T 2)...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666584/differences-in-muscle-metabolism-between-triathletes-and-normally-active-volunteers-investigated-using-multinuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-at-7t
#3
Radka Klepochová, Ladislav Valkovič, Thomas Hochwartner, Christoph Triska, Norbert Bachl, Harald Tschan, Siegfried Trattnig, Michael Krebs, Martin Krššák
Purpose: The influence of endurance training on skeletal muscle metabolism can currently be studied only by invasive sampling or through a few related parameters that are investigated by either proton (1 H) or phosphorus (31 P) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). The aim of this study was to compare the metabolic differences between endurance-trained triathletes and healthy volunteers using multi-parametric data acquired by both, 31 P- and 1 H-MRS, at ultra-high field (7T) in a single experimental protocol...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665241/the-effects-of-medication-adherence-and-health-literacy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-hypertension
#4
Nam Hee Park, Mi Sook Song, So Young Shin, Ji-Hye Jeong, Hyo Young Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of medication adherence and health literacy on health-related quality of life in vulnerable older people with hypertension. BACKGROUND: Health literacy is particularly critical for providing accurate information regarding correct medication intake to improve medication adherence. Additionally, health-related quality of life is directly related to impairment from chronic disease. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was used...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665013/planhab-hypoxia-does-not-worsen-the-impairment-of-skeletal-muscle-oxidative-function-induced-by-bed-rest-alone
#5
Desy Salvadego, Michail E Keramidas, Roger Kölegård, Lorenza Brocca, Stefano Lazzer, Irene Mavelli, Jörn Rittweger, Ola Eiken, Igor B Mekjavic, Bruno Grassi
KEY POINTS: Superposition of hypoxia on 21 day bed rest did not worsen the impairment of skeletal muscle oxidative function induced by bed rest alone. A significant impairment of maximal oxidative performance was identified downstream of cardiovascular O2 delivery, involving both the intramuscular matching between O2 supply and utilization and mitochondrial respiration. These chronic adaptations appear to be relevant in terms of exposure to spaceflights and reduced gravity habitats (Moon or Mars), as characterized by low gravity and hypoxia, in patients with chronic diseases characterized by hypomobility/immobility and hypoxia, as well as in ageing...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664955/efficacy-of-a-biomechanically-based-yoga-exercise-program-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alexander B Kuntz, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Elora C Brenneman, Sarah Karampatos, Emily G Wiebenga, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#7
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664106/effect-of-therapeutic-exercise-on-knee-osteoarthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-hyaluronate-or-saline-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Michael Flyzik, Xian-Cong Ma, Howe Liu, Hui-Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of therapeutic exercise on knee osteoarthritis after injection of botulinum toxin type A, hyaluronate or saline. METHODS: Sixty participants with knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to 3 groups: injection of saline (control) (group A), botulinum toxin type A (group B), or hyaluronate (group C). All participants received therapeutic exercise. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaire score, visual analogue scale pain scale, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Health Survey were conducted at baseline, and at the end of the 4th and 8th weeks...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662724/frequency-and-determinants-of-inappropriate-use-of-treadmill-stress-test-for-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad H Arshad, Altamash A Jaliawala, Iman Farooqui, Amna Minhas, Ahmedullah Hussaini, Arsalan A Khan, Sharjeel Ahmad, Zainab Saleem, Ozair Awan, Noor Us Sabahat, Araib Ayaz, Haania Rizwan
Background In developing countries like Pakistan, treatment is mediated by private and public healthcare setups with a limited budget for health facilities. Moreover, the inappropriate use of treadmill tests imposes a burden on healthcare resources and leads to unwarranted interventions. Our aim is to assess the prevalence and predictors of inappropriate referrals for the exercise tolerance test (ETT) to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) while taking public and private healthcare settings into consideration...
January 23, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662686/patterns-of-physical-activity-in-sedentary-older-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Pearl G Lee, Jinkyung Ha, Caroline S Blaum, Kimberlee Gretebeck, Neil B Alexander
Background: The Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) survey, summarized into weekly caloric expenditures, is a common physical activity (PA) assessment tool among older adults. Specific types of PA reported in the CHAMPS have not been systematically analyzed. We applied latent class analysis to identify the patterns of PA among sedentary older adults with diabetes reported in the CHAMPS survey. Methods: Latent class models of PA were identified using the CHAMPS survey data reported by 115 individuals aged ≥60 years with type 2 diabetes whom volunteered for a clinical study of PA...
2018: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662308/hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Taide Laurita Arista-Ugalde, Juana Rosado-Pérez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Edelmiro Santiago-Osorio
Introduction: The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Tai chi (TC) exercise training in healthy older adults has been demonstrated. However, there are no studies on this effect in older adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of TC exercise on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in older adults with MetS. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was carried out with a sample of 110 older sedentary volunteers with clinical diagnoses of MetS: (i) a control group, n = 50, of individuals who do not participate in physical exercise, of which 37 fulfilled the entire study protocol, and (ii) an experimental group, n = 60, of subjects enrolled in a TC exercise training program (eight-form easy), 5 days a week for 6 months, in sessions of 50 min, under the supervision of a qualified instructor, of which 48 fulfilled the entire study protocol...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661646/physical-activity-to-improve-erectile-function-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#12
REVIEW
Helle Gerbild, Camilla Marie Larsen, Christian Graugaard, Kristina Areskoug Josefsson
INTRODUCTION: The leading cause of erectile dysfunction (ED) is arterial dysfunction, with cardiovascular disease as the most common comorbidity. Therefore, ED is typically linked to a web of closely interrelated cardiovascular risk factors such as physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Physical activity (PA) has proved to be a protective factor against erectile problems, and it has been shown to improve erectile function for men affected by vascular ED. This systematic review estimated the levels of PA needed to decrease ED for men with physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and/or manifest cardiovascular diseases...
April 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661570/is-hip-strengthening-the-best-treatment-option-for-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-three-different-types-of-exercises
#13
Marcelo Camargo Saad, Rodrigo Antunes de Vasconcelos, Letícia Villani de Oliveira Mancinelli, Matheus Soares de Barros Munno, Rogério Ferreira Liporaci, Débora Bevilaqua Grossi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of three types of exercise intervention in patients with patellofemoral pain and to verify the contributions of each intervention to pain control, function, and lower extremity kinematics. METHODS: A randomized controlled, single-blinded trial was conducted. Forty women with patellofemoral pain were randomly allocated into four groups: hip exercises, quadriceps exercises, stretching exercises and a control group (no intervention)...
April 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661156/synergic-trial-synchronizing-exercises-remedies-in-gait-and-cognition-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-improve-gait-and-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J Almeida, Amer M Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev, G Y Zou, Nicolas Berryman, Maxime Lussier, Leanne Vanderhaeghe, Louis Bherer
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Aerobic and progressive resistance exercises have benefits to cognitive performance, though evidence is somewhat inconsistent. We postulate that combined aerobic exercise (AE) and progressive resistance training (RT) (combined exercise) will have a better effect on cognition than a balance and toning control (BAT) intervention in older adults with MCI...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661032/results-from-a-pilot-study-of-handheld-vibration-exercise-intervention-reduces-upper-limb-dysfunction-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-vibbra-study
#15
Sarah Kneis, Anja Wehrle, Anne Ilaender, Natalja Volegova-Neher, Albert Gollhofer, Hartmut Bertz
PURPOSE: Although there is evidence that breast cancer patients benefit from exercising during treatment, exercising during radiotherapy and especially the effects on upper-limb dysfunctions have been infrequently assessed. Therefore, we primarily aimed to confirm our interventions' feasibility and secondarily aimed to affect upper-limb dysfunctions and fatigue. METHODS: Twenty-two breast cancer patients scheduled for radiotherapy were allocated to an intervention (IG) or a passive control group (CG) as they preferred...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660897/effects-of-group-exercise-on-functional-abilities-differences-between-physically-active-and-physically-inactive-women
#16
Nebojsa Cokorilo, Milena Mikalacki, Goran Satara, Milan Cvetkovic, Dragan Marinkovic, Jelena Zvekic-Svorcan, Borislav Obradovic
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercises to music can have a positive effect on functional and motor skills of an exerciser, their health, as well as an aesthetic and socio-psychological component. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of reactive exercising in a group on functional capabilities in physically active and physically inactive women. METHODS: A prospective study included 64 healthy women aged 40-60 years. The sample was divided into the experimental group (n= 36), i...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659687/obesity-interventions-for-older-adults-diet-as-a-determinant-of-physical-function
#17
Connie W Bales, Kathryn N Porter Starr
Throughout the world, a high prevalence of obesity in older populations has created a new phenotype of frailty: the obese, functionally frail older adult. The convergence of the obesity epidemic with global graying will undoubtedly increase the prevalence of this concern. Barriers to treatment include ambiguities about the appropriate level of obesity that should trigger an intervention, due to age-related physiologic changes and a lack of consensus on specific criteria and cutoffs. Moreover, obesity interventions for this population have been limited by concerns about negative effects on lean mass, bone mineral density, and even mortality...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659529/high-intensity-intermittent-exercise-increases-fat-oxidation-rate-and-reduces-postprandial-triglyceride-concentrations
#18
Tsung-Jen Yang, Ching-Lin Wu, Chih-Hui Chiu
(1) Background: This study investigated the effect of acute barehanded whole body high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) and moderate intensity and continuous exercise (MICE) at the same quantity of energy expenditure on postprandial triglyceride (TG) concentrations. (2) Methods: Nine healthy males completed three trials (HIIE, MICE and control (CON)) in a random order separated by at least 14 days. After each intervention, the participants rested for 12 h and consumed a high-fat test meal on the next day...
April 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659005/state-of-the-science-of-neural-systems-in-late-life-depression-impact-on-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#19
Kevin J Manning, David C Steffens
Major depression in older adults, or late-life depression (LLD), is a common and debilitating psychiatric disorder that increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although the effects of LLD make it important to achieve a diagnosis and start treatment quickly, individuals with LLD are often inadequately or unsuccessfully treated. The latest treatment developments suggest that interventions targeting executive dysfunction and neuroticism, constructs associated with poor response to antidepressants in older adults, are successful in treating LLD...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658838/effectiveness-of-translational-manipulation-under-interscalene-block-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#20
Daniel G Rendeiro, Gail D Deyle, Norman W Gill, Guy R Majkowski, Ian E Lee, Dale A Jensen, Robert S Wainner
STUDY DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether translational manipulation under anesthesia/local block (TMUA) adds to the benefit of mobilization and range of motion exercise for improving pain and functional status among patients with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (AC). BACKGROUND: TMUA has been shown to improve pain and dysfunction in patients with AC. This intervention has not been directly compared to physical therapy treatment without TMUA in a prospective trial...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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