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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245139/scapular-focused-exercise-treatment-protocol-for-shoulder-impingement-symptoms-three-dimensional-scapular-kinematics-analysis
#1
Gisele Harumi Hotta, Adriane Lopes Santos, Kevin James McQuade, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to describe the effects of a periscapular strengthening and neuromuscular training protocol in three-dimensional scapular kinematics and resting positioning in participants with shoulder impingement symptoms. Self-reported function was also evaluated. METHOD: The study group comprised 50 subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome (control group, n=25; treatment group, n=25). The treatment group underwent 8weeks of neuromuscular training and periscapular strengthening...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#2
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244836/energy-compensation-after-sprint-and-high-intensity-interval-training
#3
Matthew M Schubert, Elyse Palumbo, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain, Holly E Clarke
BACKGROUND: Many individuals lose less weight than expected in response to exercise interventions when considering the increased energy expenditure of exercise (ExEE). This is due to energy compensation in response to ExEE, which may include increases in energy intake (EI) and decreases in non-exercise physical activity (NEPA). We examined the degree of energy compensation in healthy young men and women in response to interval training. METHODS: Data were examined from a prior study in which 24 participants (mean age, BMI, & VO2max = 28 yrs, 27...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244734/-i-learned-to-let-go-of-my-pain-the-effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-an-analysis-of-participants-treatment-experience
#4
Danielle Ruskin, Lauren Harris, Jennifer Stinson, Sara Ahola Kohut, Katie Walker, Erinn McCarthy
Chronic pain can lead to significant negative outcomes across many areas of life. Recently, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been identified as potentially effective tools for improved pain management among adolescents living with pain. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents who participated in an eight-week mindfulness group adapted for adolescents with chronic pain (MBI-A), and obtain their feedback and suggestions on group structure and content. A mixed method design was used employing qualitative data from focus groups and data from a satisfaction questionnaire...
December 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243166/a-hospital-and-home-based-exercise-program-to-address-functional-decline-in-people-following-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#5
S Abo, D Ritchie, L Denehy, Y Panek-Hudson, L Irving, C L Granger
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the feasibility of an exercise program commencing 60 days following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), to investigate changes in physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients from pre- to post-alloSCT and to explore changes in patient outcomes before and after the program. METHODS: This study is a single site, prospective case series including 43 adults undergoing alloSCT...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243165/ease-of-walking-associates-with-greater-free-living-physical-activity-and-reduced-depressive-symptomology-in-breast-cancer-survivors-pilot-randomized-trial
#6
Stephen J Carter, Gary R Hunter, Lyse A Norian, Bulent Turan, Laura Q Rogers
PURPOSE: We hypothesized exercise training-induced improvements in ease of walking would associate with favorable changes in objectively measured physical activity (PA) and self-reported depressive symptoms following a PA behavior-change intervention in non-metastatic breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Twenty-seven BCS received random assignment to an intervention (INT) or control group (CON). INT included counseling/group discussions coupled with supervised exercise tapered to unsupervised exercise...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243164/effects-of-exercise-during-chemotherapy-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ian R Kleckner, Charles Kamen, Jennifer S Gewandter, Nimish A Mohile, Charles E Heckler, Eva Culakova, Chunkit Fung, Michelle C Janelsins, Matthew Asare, Po-Ju Lin, Pavan S Reddy, Jeffrey Giguere, Jeffrey Berenberg, Shelli R Kesler, Karen M Mustian
PURPOSE: Over half of all cancer patients receiving taxane-, platinum-, or vinca alkaloid-based chemotherapy experience chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), which includes numbness, tingling, pain, cold sensitivity, and motor impairment in the hands and feet. CIPN is a dose-limiting toxicity, potentially increasing mortality. There are no FDA-approved drugs to treat CIPN, and behavioral interventions such as exercise are promising yet understudied. This secondary analysis of our nationwide phase III randomized controlled trial of exercise for fatigue examines (1) effects of exercise on CIPN symptoms, (2) factors that predict CIPN symptoms, and (3) factors that moderate effects of exercise on CIPN symptoms...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242413/assisted-physical-exercise-for-improving-bone-strength-in-preterm-infants-less-than-35-weeks-gestation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Subhash Chandra Shaw, Mari Jeeva Sankar, Anu Thukral, Chandra Kumar Natarajan, Ashok K Deorari, Vinod K Paul, Ramesh Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: To the efficacy of daily assisted physical exercise (starting from one week of postnatal age) on bone strength at 40 weeks of post menstrual age to no intervention in infants born between 27 and 34 weeks of gestation. DESIGN: Open-label randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care teaching hospital in northern India from 16 May 2013 to 21 Nov 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 50 preterm neonates randomized to exercise group (n=26) or control group (n=24) during May to November, 2013...
December 14, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241943/gender-disparities-in-park-use-and-physical-activity-among-residents-of-high-poverty-neighborhoods-in-los-angeles
#9
Kathryn P Derose, Bing Han, Stephanie Williamson, Deborah A Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is more prevalent among women than men and is related to poor health outcomes. Neighborhood parks constitute an important resource for physical activity (PA), however, previous studies of park users have found fewer women being physically active. METHODS: We conducted a hierarchical mixed-effect regression analysis of the independent associations between gender and park use and PA among a population-based sample in high-poverty neighborhoods in Los Angeles...
December 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241506/quality-of-life-and-self-care-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-the-effect-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-health-educational-intervention
#10
Yi-Qin Sun, An-Li Jiang, San-Mei Chen, Hui Li, Hai-Yan Xing, Fang Wang
AIMS: To explore the effects of a Traditional Chinese Medicine health educational intervention on the quality of life and self-care agency of elderly patients living with chronic cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The secondary prevention and treatment for chronic cardiovascular disease emphasize the importance of lifestyle modification. However, behavior-changing is difficult and individual choices are influenced by broader environmental factors...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241471/-patients-also-have-responsibility-for-prevention
#11
C Smit
Patient organisations should be more visible in the societal debate about prevention, alongside fulfilling their more traditional tasks such as education, peer support and lobbying for their interests. Despite appreciating the medical care he received, the author also personally experienced a lack of attention for life-style interventions (e.g. a salt-free diet, exercise) in the care provided. Since 2012, awareness among European patient groups is rising about the importance of nutrition, which is evolving from being considered as a simple necessity to being an essential component of disease management...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241143/perceptions-about-supervised-injection-facilities-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-philadelphia
#12
Robert E Harris, Jessica Richardson, Rosemary Frasso, Evan D Anderson
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for infectious diseases, skin and soft tissue infections, and overdose. However, these harms are all avoidable when sterile injection equipment, hygienic places to inject, and medical care are accessible. Unfortunately, many PWID in the U.S lack these resources. The most vulnerable are forced to inject in public spaces, where individual risks are high and communal harms are sometimes many. Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs) are an established intervention for reducing these harms...
December 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240744/an-osteoarthritis-model-of-care-should-be-a-national-priority-for-new-zealand
#13
Jennifer Baldwin, Andrew Briggs, Warwick Bagg, Peter Larmer
Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent, disabling and costly to the person and the community. The burden of this chronic condition is predicted to increase dramatically over the coming decades. Healthcare spending on osteoarthritis is unsustainable and action is needed to improve care delivery. At present, there is an over-emphasis on surgical and pharmacological interventions, despite evidence supporting conservative treatments such as exercise, weight loss and education. While clinical guidelines provide recommendations regarding best practice (ie, what to do), they fail to address how to operationalise these recommendations into clinical practice...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240652/interindividual-responses-of-appetite-to-acute-exercise-a-replicated-crossover-study
#14
Fernanda R Goltz, Alice E Thackray, James A King, James L Dorling, Greg Atkinson, David J Stensel
PURPOSE: Acute exercise transiently suppresses appetite, which coincides with alterations in appetite-regulatory hormone concentrations. Individual variability in these responses is suspected, but replicated trials are needed to quantify them robustly. We examined the reproducibility of appetite and appetite-regulatory hormone responses to acute exercise and quantified the individual differences in responses. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, recreationally-active men completed two control (60-min resting) and two exercise (60-min fasted treadmill running at 70% peak oxygen uptake) conditions in randomised sequences...
December 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240651/acute-impact-of-different-exercise-modalities-on-arterial-and-platelet-function
#15
Andrew Haynes, Matthew D Linden, Elisa Robey, Gerald F Watts, P Hugh R Barrett, Louise H Naylor, Daniel J Green
PURPOSE: Acute coronary syndromes and ischemic stroke are associated with arterial events involving platelets, the endothelium and atherosclerosis. Whilst regular physical activity is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, risk is transiently increased during and immediately following participation in an acute bout of exercise. No previous study has investigated the acute impact of exercise on platelet activation and arterial function in the same participants; it is also unknown if responses are dependent on exercise modality...
December 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240566/a-practical-clinical-approach-to-utilize-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-primer-for-cardiologists
#16
Sundeep Chaudhry, Ross Arena, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Naresh Kumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is growing clinical interest for the use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate patients with or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). With mounting evidence, this concise review with relevant teaching cases helps to illustrate how to integrate CPET data into real world patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: CPET provides a novel and purely physiological basis to identify cardiac dysfunction in symptomatic patients with both obstructive-CAD and nonobstructive-CAD (NO-CAD)...
December 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240534/non-pharmacological-approaches-to-pain-management-in-residential-aged-care-a-pre-post-test-study
#17
Julie M Ellis, Yvonne Wells, June Su Ming Ong
OBJECTIVES: The project aimed to evaluate a pain management program (PMP) using non-pharmacological approaches at five residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Australia. METHODS: The PMP involved a physiotherapist implementing four sessions per week of treatments (massage therapy, TENS, exercises and stretching, or combinations of these). Ninety-five participants were recruited (average age, 83 years; SD = 7.6; 38% men, 62% women; 56% with dementia). Sessions lasted approximately 10 minutes, and residents' levels of pain were recorded using a 5-point scale before and after each treatment...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#18
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239585/how-to-help-patients-adopt-and-maintain-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-review-of-behavioral-evidence-of-determinants-and-means
#19
Pilvikki Absetz, Nelli Hankonen
A significant part of the population do not follow dietary and exercise recommendations. In Current Care Guidelines, lifestyle counseling is considered as part of good medical care. Lifestyle diseases are, however, not decreasing. Does counseling fail to reach its goal, or is it being provided at all? In the narrative review article based on systematic surveys, we approach the change in lifestyle through both conscious and automatic psychosocial processes. Research evidence indicates that a change in behavior can be supported through both processes...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239310/micrornas-as-diagnostic-markers-and-therapeutic-targets-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
Bridget Martinez, Philip V Peplow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is characterized by primary damage to the brain from the external mechanical force and by subsequent secondary injury due to various molecular and pathophysiological responses that eventually lead to neuronal cell death. Secondary brain injury events may occur minutes, hours, or even days after the trauma, and provide valuable therapeutic targets to prevent further neuronal degeneration. At the present time, there is no effective treatment for TBI due, in part, to the widespread impact of numerous complex secondary biochemical and pathophysiological events occurring at different time points following the initial injury...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
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