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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636267/strontium-releasing-fluorapatite-glass-ceramics-crystallization-behavior-microstructure-and-solubility
#1
Isabelle Denry, Ourania-Menti Goudouri, Jeffrey D Harless, E M Hubbard, Julie A Holloway
The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect of strontium partial replacement for calcium on the crystallization behavior, microstructure and solubility of fluorapatite glass-ceramics. Four glass compositions were prepared with increasing amounts of strontium partially replacing calcium. The crystallization behavior was analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The microstructure was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. The chemical solubility was quantified according to ISO standard 10993-14...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634322/helium-irradiation-and-implantation-effects-on-the-structure-of-amorphous-silicon-oxycarbide
#2
Qing Su, Shinsuke Inoue, Manabu Ishimaru, Jonathan Gigax, Tianyao Wang, Hepeng Ding, Michael J Demkowicz, Lin Shao, Michael Nastasi
Despite recent interest in amorphous ceramics for a variety of nuclear applications, many details of their structure before and after irradiation/implantation remain unknown. Here we investigated the short-range order of amorphous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) alloys by using the atomic pair-distribution function (PDF) obtained from electron diffraction. The PDF results show that the structure of SiOC alloys are nearly unchanged after both irradiation up to 30 dpa and He implantation up to 113 at%. TEM characterization shows no sign of crystallization, He bubble or void formation, or segregation in all irradiated samples...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633093/fracture-resistance-of-ceramic-and-polymer-based-occlusal-veneer-restorations
#3
Majed Al-Akhali, Mohamed Sad Chaar, Adham Elsayed, Abdulaziz Samran, Matthias Kern
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of thermodynamic loading on the durability and fracture resistance behavior of occlusal veneers fabricated from different biomedical dental CAD/CAM materials. METHODS: The occlusal surfaces of 64 extracted premolars were prepared in the enamel layer and restored with occlusal veneers with a fissure/cusp thickness of 0.5/0.8mm made from four different dental CAD/CAM materials: group LD lithium disilicate (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630960/a-new-milling-machine-for-computer-aided-in-office-restorations
#4
Andreas Kurbad
Chairside computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology requires an effective technical basis to obtain dental restorations with optimal marginal accuracy, esthetics, and longevity in as short a timeframe as possible. This article describes a compact, 5-axis milling machine based on an innovative milling technology (5XT - five-axis turn-milling technique), which is capable of achieving high-precision milling results within a very short processing time. Furthermore, the device's compact dimensioning and state-of-the-art mode of operation facilitate its use in the dental office...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630955/chairside-systems-a-current-review
#5
Markus Zaruba, Albert Mehl
Since Cerec (Chairside Economical Restoration of Esthetic Ceramics) was introduced as the first dental chairside computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system in the mid-1980s, this technology has enjoyed growing popularity, particularly in the recent past. There has been a considerable increase in the number of available chairside systems in only the last few years. One of the main reasons for this is that intraoral scanners have become increasingly better, smaller, and faster, while the design software has become more and more user-friendly...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629025/polycaprolactone-and-polycaprolactone-ceramic-based-3d-bioplotted-porous-scaffolds-for-bone-regeneration-a-comparative-study
#6
K K Gómez-Lizárraga, C Flores-Morales, M L Del Prado-Audelo, M A Álvarez-Pérez, M C Piña-Barba, C Escobedo
One of the critical challenges that scaffolding faces in the organ and tissue regeneration field lies in mimicking the structure, and the chemical and biological properties of natural tissue. A high-level control over the architecture, mechanical properties and composition of the materials in contact with cells is essential to overcome such challenge. Therefore, definition of the method, materials and parameters for the production of scaffolds during the fabrication stage is critical. With the recent emergence of rapid prototyping (RP), it is now possible to create three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with the essential characteristics for the proliferation and regeneration of tissues, such as porosity, mechanical strength, pore size and pore interconnectivity, and biocompatibility...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628168/fracture-toughness-of-wet-and-dry-particulate-materials-comprised-of-colloidal-sized-particles-role-of-plastic-deformation
#7
Mitchell L Sesso, George V Franks
This work demonstrates a method of measuring the fracture toughness of particulate materials comprised of colloidal sized particles over a wide range of saturation. Diametral compression of cylinders containing flaws of controlled length was used to measure the mode I fracture toughness. The effect of degree of saturation on the fracture toughness of slip cast ceramic grade alumina (d50 = 0.7 μm) was investigated. Dry powder compacts have significantly lower fracture toughness than when the powder compact is nearly fully saturated...
June 19, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623650/the-incidence-of-dissociated-liners-in-4-751-consecutive-total-hip-arthroplasties-using-pinnacle-polyethylene-acetabular-liners
#8
Richard J Napier, Owen Diamond, Chris K J O'Neill, Seamus O'Brien, David E Beverland
INTRODUCTION: Acetabular liner dissociation is a complication exclusive to modular designs. We present a single surgeon series of 8 polyethylene liner dissociations with the Pinnacle Acetabular System (DePuy Orthopaedics) from over 4,750 cases. We also present a review of the literature and data from the UK National Joint Registry (NJR) on dissociation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: The Pinnacle Acetabular System has been used exclusively by the senior author since April 2003, and to date 5,882 have been implanted (837 ceramic liners, 4,751 polyethylene liners (1,606 Enduron/3,145 Marathon) and 294 metal liners)...
June 14, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614968/putty-like-bone-fillers-based-on-cap-ceramics-or-biosilicate%C3%A2-combined-with-carboxymethylcellulose-characterization-optimization-and-evaluation
#9
Paulo R Gabbai-Armelin, Ana Cm Renno, Murilo C Crovace, Angela Mp Magri, Edgar D Zanotto, Oscar Peitl, Sander Cg Leeuwenburgh, John A Jansen, Jeroen Jjp van den Beucken
Calcium phosphates and bioactive glass ceramics have been considered promising biomaterials for use in surgeries. However, their moldability should be further enhanced. We here thereby report the handling, physicochemical features, and morphological characteristics of formulations consisting of carboxymethylcellulose-glycerol and hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate or Biosilicate® particles. We hypothesized that combining either material with carboxymethylcellulose-glycerol would improve handling properties, retaining their bioactivity...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614416/multispectral-imaging-reveals-biblical-period-inscription-unnoticed-for-half-a-century
#10
Shira Faigenbaum-Golovin, Anat Mendel-Geberovich, Arie Shaus, Barak Sober, Michael Cordonsky, David Levin, Murray Moinester, Benjamin Sass, Eli Turkel, Eli Piasetzky, Israel Finkelstein
Most surviving biblical period Hebrew inscriptions are ostraca-ink-on-clay texts. They are poorly preserved and once unearthed, fade rapidly. Therefore, proper and timely documentation of ostraca is essential. Here we show a striking example of a hitherto invisible text on the back side of an ostracon revealed via multispectral imaging. This ostracon, found at the desert fortress of Arad and dated to ca. 600 BCE (the eve of Judah's destruction by Nebuchadnezzar), has been on display for half a century. Its front side has been thoroughly studied, while its back side was considered blank...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609504/combining-esthetic-layering-and-lithium-disilicate-sintering-technique-on-zirconia-frameworks-a-veneering-option-to-prevent-ceramic-chipping
#11
Reza Saeidi Pour, Daniel Edelhoff, Caroline Freitas Rafael, Otto Prandtner, Stefan Frei, Claudia Angela Maziero Volpato, Anja Liebermann
Major and minor chipping of veneering porcelain are two of the most frequent complications in all-ceramic restorations with zirconia frameworks. In cases of major chipping, replacement of the affected restoration may be necessary. High-strength lithium disilicate ceramic offers new options to serve as veneering material in a sintering technique or as repair material for chipping in combination with the adhesive technique. The purpose of three case presentations here was to describe the use of lithium disilicate ceramic on zirconia frameworks for reliable and esthetic veneering in the posterior region and to repair extended chipping in conventional veneering materials...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608498/on-stress-strain-shielding-and-the-material-stiffness-paradigm-for-dental-implants
#12
Raoof Korabi, Keren Shemtov-Yona, Daniel Rittel
BACKGROUND: Stress shielding considerations suggest that the dental implant material's compliance should be matched to that of the host bone. However, this belief has not been confirmed from a general perspective, either clinically or numerically. PURPOSE: To characterize the influence of the implant stiffness on its functionality using the failure envelope concept that examines all possible combinations of mechanical load and application angle for selected stress, strain and displacement-based bone failure criteria...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608435/cad-cam-fabricated-ceramic-implant-supported-single-crowns-made-from-lithium-disilicate-final-results-of-a-5-year-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Benedikt Christopher Spies, Stefano Pieralli, Kirstin Vach, Ralf-Joachim Kohal
BACKGROUND: All-ceramic bilayer systems suffer from technique-sensitivity, resulting in increased technical complication rates. This might be overcome by monolithic reconstructions, facilitating digital workflows. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and patient-reported outcome of CAD/CAM-fabricated implant-supported single crowns (ISCs) made of lithium disilicate (LS2 ) cemented on ceramic implants 5 years after implant installation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients were included in the study...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608051/clinical-evaluation-of-zirconia-based-all-ceramic-single-crowns-an-up-to-12-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Shoko Miura, Shin Kasahara, Shinobu Yamauchi, Yayoi Okuyama, Akio Izumida, Jun Aida, Hiroshi Egusa
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the incidence of clinical complications with tooth-supported zirconia-based all-ceramic single crowns and identify pertinent risk parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study (May 2004 to April 2016) utilizing clinical records of patients receiving yttrium-oxide-partially stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP)-based all-ceramic crowns placed at Tohoku University Hospital was performed. The length of time of treatment success (complication event-free) and restoration survival (including minor complication events and remaining clinically functional) were estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605611/short-and-long-term-bond-strength-between-resin-cement-and-glass-ceramic-using-a-silane-containing-universal-adhesive
#15
F Murillo-Gómez, F A Rueggeberg, M F De Goes
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of various silane-containing solutions on bonding between resin cement and glass ceramic after 24 hours and after six months of water storage. Glass-ceramic plaques (IPS e.max CAD) were sandblasted with aluminum oxide, etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid (HF), and divided into five "silane treatment" groups: RelyX Ceramic Primer (RCP), RelyX Ceramic Primer and Single Bond Plus (RCP+SB), Scotchbond Universal (SBU), Clearfil Ceramic Primer (CP), and no solution (HF-only control)...
June 12, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600562/influence-of-w-substitution-on-crystal-structure-phase-evolution-and-microwave-dielectric-properties-of-na0-5bi0-5-moo4-ceramics-with-low-sintering-temperature
#16
Li-Xia Pang, Di Zhou, Ze-Ming Qi, Zhen-Xing Yue
In this work, the (Na0.5Bi0.5)(Mo1-xWx)O4 (x = 0.0, 0.5 and 1.0) ceramics were prepared via solid state reaction method. All the samples can be well densified at sintering temperature about ~720 °C. Dense and homogeneous microstructure with grain size lying between 2~8 μm can be observed from scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Microwave dielectric permittivity of the (Na0.5Bi0.5)(Mo0.5W0.5)O4 ceramic was found to be temperature-independent in a wide range between 25~120 °C with a temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) ~-6 ppm/°C, a permittivity ~28...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599155/effect-of-acidic-agents-on-the-wear-behavior-of-a-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network-picn-material
#17
Ping Yu, Zhou Xu, Dwayne D Arola, Jie Min, Peng Zhao, Shanshan Gao
Polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) materials exhibit desirable properties for replacement of tooth structure. However, their durability and their integrity in various oral environments, remain relatively unknown. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of acidic agents on the wear behavior of PICNs. Twenty specimens were randomly assigned to four groups and then immersed in either deionized water (control) or acidic agents (2% acetic acid, citric acid or lactic acid solutions) at 37℃ for 4 weeks...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597965/fracture-resistance-of-zirconia-based-all-ceramic-crowns-after-bur-adjustment
#18
Stefan Rues, Franz S Schwindling, Andre Meyer, Peter Rammelsberg, Marc Schmitter
Intra-oral grinding is often required to optimize occlusion of all-ceramic restorations. The effect of burs of different grit size on the fracture resistance of veneered zirconia crowns was investigated in this study. Forty-eight standardized zirconia copings were produced. The ceramic veneer was designed with a positive ellipsoidal defect on the palatal aspect of the crowns. To simulate adjustment of dental restorations by burs, this palatal defect was removed by use of three different diamond-coated burs with grit sizes 46, 107, or 151 μm (fine, medium, or coarse, respectively)...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597891/a-novel-banded-structure-ceramic-phosphor-for-high-power-white-leds
#19
Ji-Yun Zhang, Zhao-Hua Luo, Hao-Chuan Jiang, Jun Jiang, Chun-Hua Chen, Jing-Xian Zhang, Zhen-Zhen Gui
A novel banded structure ceramic phosphor has been fabricated in this research. This structure provides a convenient and effective method for regulating the full spectrum. It has the advantage of being able to adjust the intensity of all three primary colors independently, regardless of the mutual absorption among different active ions.
June 9, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597834/-magnetic-resonance-imaging-artefacts-and-fixed-orthodontic-attachments
#20
Aurélien Beau, Denis Bossard, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
OBJECTIVES: Orthodontic appliances are often removed before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans because they are known to produce artefacts. The purpose of this study was to find the exact indications for removal of various fixed attachments when imaging four specific areas of the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients requiring an MRI scan of the head for medical reasons volunteered for this investigation. One of four different types of fixed attachments (stainless steel brackets, titanium brackets, ceramic brackets with metal slots, and stainless steel retainers) were assigned to a patient...
June 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
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