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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340275/mini-tomato-genotypes-resistant-to-the-silverleaf-whitefly-and-to-two-spotted-spider-mites
#1
G M Maciel, R S Almeida, J P R da Rocha, V Andaló, G R Marquez, N C Santos, R R Finzi
The mini tomato production has expanded, becoming an amazing alternative for enterprise. Despite all commercial potential, the cultivation has the occurrence of pests as main obstacle during the crop development. Nowadays, there are no researches that aimed obtaining genotypes with high acylsugar content, capable of providing a broad-spectrum resistance to pests. This study aimed the selection of mini tomato genotypes, with high acylsugar content, and checking the resistance level to the silverleaf whitefly [Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)] and to the two-spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae Koch)...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333085/ebasis-bioactive-substances-in-food-information-systems-and-bioactive-intakes-major-updates-of-the-bioactive-compound-composition-and-beneficial-bioeffects-database-and-the-development-of-a-probabilistic-model-to-assess-intakes-in-europe
#2
Jenny Plumb, Sandrine Pigat, Foteini Bompola, Maeve Cushen, Hannah Pinchen, Eric Nørby, Siân Astley, Jacqueline Lyons, Mairead Kiely, Paul Finglas
eBASIS (Bioactive Substances in Food Information Systems), a web-based database that contains compositional and biological effects data for bioactive compounds of plant origin, has been updated with new data on fruits and vegetables, wheat and, due to some evidence of potential beneficial effects, extended to include meat bioactives. eBASIS remains one of only a handful of comprehensive and searchable databases, with up-to-date coherent and validated scientific information on the composition of food bioactives and their putative health benefits...
March 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329658/potential-relationship-between-rosacea-and-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Erin Ibler, Beatrice Nardone, Sara Majewski, Nicholas Guido, Thy Huynh, Sarah Lyon, Stephanie M Rangel, Bethanee Schlosser, Dennis P West, Anne E Laumann
Rosacea is a common inflammatory condition characterized by transient or persistent facial erythema, telangiectasias, papules and pustules, for which an association has been reported to exist with Parkinson's disease (PD). We used a large, urban, single center, electronic medical record repository by searching the Northwestern Medicine Enterprise Data Warehouse (NMEDW) (> 4 million patients) for this association. Patients were included if they had an in-person encounter (Jan 2001 to May 2016) and with 1 year documentation of follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328367/the-importance-of-trust-in-the-vaccine-safety-enterprise
#4
Thomas May
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327253/the-wolf-will-live-with-the-lamb
#5
Richard Ronay, Joshua M Tybur
Maestripieri et al. pit evolutionary psychology against social psychological and economic perspectives in a winner-take-all empirical battle. In doing so, they risk positioning evolutionary psychology as an antagonistic subdisciplinary enterprise. We worry that such a framing may exacerbate tensions between "competing" scientific perspectives and limit evolutionary psychology's potential to serve as a unifying core theory.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317821/-long-term-results-of-dental-health-examinations-of-employees-of-industrial-enterprises-with-hazardous-working-conditions
#6
V N Olesova, V V Uiba, T N Novozemtseva, A A Remizova, E E Olesov
The article analyzes the results of dental examination of employees with hazardous and normal working conditions in Atomenergomash enterprise with various dental care organization regimens and provides clear evidence of the effectiveness of serial attendances care in enterprise dental offices in terms of reduction in the dental treatment needs. Additional funding for departmental dental services was calculated by comparing the real cost of dental treatment and MHI tariffs allowing implementation of proposed dental care program...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316867/bench-top-comparison-of-physical-properties-of-4-commercially-available-self-expanding-intracranial-stents
#7
Su-Hee Cho, Won-Il Jo, Ye-Eun Jo, Ku Hyun Yang, Jung Cheol Park, Deok Hee Lee
PURPOSE: To better understand the performance of four commercially available neurovascular stents in intracranial aneurysm embolization, the stents were compared in terms of their basic morphological and mechanical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different types of stents that are currently being used for cerebral aneurysm embolization were prepared (two stents per type). Two were laser-cut stents (Neuroform and Enterprise) and two were braided from a single nitinol wire (LEO and LVIS stents)...
March 2017: Neurointervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303114/mentoring-top-leadership-promotes-organizational-innovativeness-through-psychological-safety-and-is-moderated-by-cognitive-adaptability
#8
James H Moore, Zhongming Wang
Mentoring continues to build momentum among startups and established enterprises due to its positive impact on individuals and organizations. Unlike previous studies, this research focuses on mentoring higher level leadership, such as the CEO, and demonstrates its unique relationship to organizational innovativeness. Our sample included 200 mentored executives and entrepreneurs who personally identify and exploit opportunities. Our findings confirm that mentoring top leaders positively relates to their perceived innovativeness of the organization and that the relationship is mediated by these leaders' perception of psychological safety within the organization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301733/big-data-analytics-in-chemical-engineering
#9
Leo Chiang, Bo Lu, Ivan Castillo
Big data analytics is the journey to turn data into insights for more informed business and operational decisions. As the chemical engineering community is collecting more data (volume) from different sources (variety), this journey becomes more challenging in terms of using the right data and the right tools (analytics) to make the right decisions in real time (velocity). This article highlights recent big data advancements in five industries, including chemicals, energy, semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and food, and then discusses technical, platform, and culture challenges...
February 27, 2017: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296905/contextual-factors-associated-with-health-care-service-utilization-for-children-with-acute-childhood-illnesses-in-nigeria
#10
Sulaimon T Adedokun, Victor T Adekanmbi, Olalekan A Uthman, Richard J Lilford
OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent contribution of individual, community and state-level factors to health care service utilization for children with acute childhood illnesses in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on secondary analyses of cross-sectional population-based data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to the data on 6,427 under-five children who used or did not use health care service when they were sick (level 1), nested within 896 communities (level 2) from 37 states (level 3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290933/leveraging-the-partnership-for-patients-initiative-to-improve-patient-safety-and-quality-within-the-military-health-system
#11
Heidi B King, Kimberly Kesling, Carmen Birk, Theodore Walker, Heather Taylor, Michael Datena, Brittany Burgess, Lyndsay Bower
INTRODUCTION: Partnership for Patients (PfP) was a national initiative sponsored by the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, to reduce preventable hospital acquired conditions (HACs) by 40% and readmissions (within 30 days) by 20%, by the end of 2013 (as compared to the baseline of CY2010). Along with partners across the nation, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, Dr. Jonathan Woodson, pledged to support PfP in June 2011...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288681/a-study-to-reduce-readmissions-after-surgery-in-the-veterans-health-administration-design-and-methodology
#12
Laurel A Copeland, Laura A Graham, Joshua S Richman, Amy K Rosen, Hillary J Mull, Edith A Burns, Jeff Whittle, Kamal M F Itani, Mary T Hawn
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions are associated with higher resource utilization and worse patient outcomes. Causes of unplanned readmission to the hospital are multiple with some being better targets for intervention than others. To understand risk factors for surgical readmission and their incremental contribution to current Veterans Health Administration (VA) surgical quality assessment, the study, Improving Surgical Quality: Readmission (ISQ-R), is being conducted to develop a readmission risk prediction tool, explore predisposing and enabling factors, and identify and rank reasons for readmission in terms of salience and mutability...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286659/the-current-condition-of-the-workers-general-health-examination-in-south-korea-a-retrospective-study
#13
Young Joong Kang, Jun-Pyo Myong, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Jong Heon Park, Eun-A L Kim
BACKGROUND: Business owners in the Republic of Korea must take part in the workers' general health examination. However, there have been few formal analyses of the uptake of this examination by employees. In the present study, we examined the rates of participation in medical examinations according to age group, health insurance type, and enterprise size, and then compared these results with those of the national general health screening. Furthermore, we determined the distribution of patients with abnormal results for diabetes and hypertension, and outlined the significance and history of domestic health examinations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281777/history-of-newcastle-disease-in-south-africa
#14
Celia Abolnik
Poultry production in South Africa, a so-called developing country, may be seen as a gradient between two extremes with highly integrated commercial enterprises with world-class facilities on one hand and unimproved rural chickens kept by households and subsistence farmers on the other. Although vaccination against Newcastle disease is widely applied to control this devastating infection, epizootics continue to occur. Since the first official diagnosis in 1945, through the sporadic outbreaks of the 1950s and early 1960s, to serious epizootics caused by genotype VIII (late 1960s-2000), genotype VIIb (1993-1999), genotype VIId (2003-2012) and most recently genotype VIIh (2013 to present), South Africa's encounters with exotic Newcastle disease follow global trends...
February 24, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281132/the-relationship-between-terrain-and-rural-migration-1965-2013-on-the-north-of-turkey-the-case-of-kastamonu
#15
Seda Erkan Buğday, Sezgin Özden
Migration is one of the most important issues in Turkey today. Notably, the state forest enterprises are affected by the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of migration; these enterprises find it increasingly difficult to find labor to operate effectively in the forestry activities with each passing day. This study examined population movement over the 1965-2013 period in Kastamonu forest villages to assess how topographical factors affected this movement. Kastamonu is the province in which most of Turkey's forest products are produced, and 99% of the province's rural population consists of forest villagers...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278284/ownership-reform-and-the-changing-manufacturing-landscape-in-chinese-cities-the-case-of-wuxi
#16
Lei Zhou, Shan Yang, Shuguang Wang, Liyang Xiong
Since the economic transition, manufacturing in China has undergone profound changes not only in number of enterprises, but also in ownership structure and intra-urban spatial distribution. Investigating the changing manufacturing landscape from the perspective of ownership structure is critical to a deep understanding of the changing role of market and government in re-shaping manufacturing location behavior. Through a case study of Wuxi, a city experiencing comprehensive ownership reform, this paper presents a detailed analysis of the intra-urban spatial shift of manufacturing, identifies the location discrepancies, and examines the underlying forces responsible for the geographical differentiations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275168/clinical-trial-characteristics-and-barriers-to-participant-accrual-the-md-anderson-cancer-center-experience-over-30-years-a-historical-foundation-for-trial-improvement
#17
Chad Tang, Steven I Sherman, Mellanie Price, Jun Weng, Suzanne E Davis, David S Hong, James C Yao, Aman Buzdar, George Wilding, J Jack Lee
Purpose: Slow-accruing clinical trials delay the translation of basic biomedical research, contribute to increasing health care costs, and may prohibit trials from reaching their original goals.Experimental Design: We analyzed a prospectively maintained institutional database that tracks all clinical studies at the MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX). Inclusion criteria were activated phase I-III trials, maximum projected accrual ≥10 participants, and activation prior to March 25, 2011. The primary outcome was slow accrual, defined as <2 participants per year...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273491/ugandan-households-a-study-of-parenting-practices-in-three-districts
#18
Neil Boothby, Firminus Mugumya, Amy E Ritterbusch, Joyce Wanican, Clare Ahabwe Bangirana, Adrienne D Pizatella, Sophie Busi, Sarah Meyer
Ugandan households play a central role in child care and protection, and household-level practices influence the ways in which children are protected from adversities. This study was designed to identify community perceptions of protective and harmful parenting practices in three districts in Uganda. It employed free-listing interviews to determine priorities and practices deemed to be important in providing care and protection to children. Findings suggest that parenting practices can be grouped into seven basic themes, which are: Investing in children's future, Protection, Care, Enterprising, Relationship with neighbors, Intimate partner relationship, and Child Rearing...
March 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271150/german-water-infrastructure-in-china-colonial-qingdao-1898-1914
#19
Agnes Kneitz
Within the colorful tapestry of colonial possessions the German empire acquired over the short period of its existence, Qingdao stands out because it fulfilled a different role from settlements in Africa-especially because of its exemplary planned water infrastructure: its technological model, the resulting (public) hygiene, and the adjunct brewery. The National Naval Office (Reichsmarineamt), which oversaw the administration of the future "harbour colony"-at first little more than a little fishing village-enjoyed a remarkable degree of freedom in implementing this project...
March 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268264/opening-plenary-speaker-human-genomics-precision-medicine-and-advancing-human-health
#20
Eric D Green
Starting with the launch of the Human Genome Project in 1990, the past quarter-century has brought spectacular achievements in genomics that dramatically empower the study of human biology and disease. The human genomics enterprise is now in the midst of an important transition, as the growing foundation of genomic knowledge is being used by researchers and clinicians to tackle increasingly complex problems in biomedicine. Of particular prominence is the use of revolutionary new DNA sequencing technologies for generating prodigious amounts of DNA sequence data to elucidate the complexities of genome structure, function, and evolution, as well as to unravel the genomic bases of rare and common diseases...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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