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Jeongjun Lee, Young Dae Cho, Dong Hyun Yoo, Hyun-Seung Kang, Won-Sang Cho, Jeong Eun Kim, Jusun Moon, Moon Hee Han
PURPOSE: Self-expandable stents have enabled endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms (ordinarily viewed as technically prohibitive), with favorable outcomes. However, the impact of stent type on occlusive stability has not been adequately investigated. In small-sized unruptured saccular aneurysms, we generated estimates of stent-assisted coil embolization outcomes during follow-up monitoring. Stent type and other risk factors linked to recanalization were analyzed. METHODS: A cohort of 286 patients harboring 312 small-sized unruptured aneurysms (< 10 mm) was subjected to mid-term and extended follow-up monitoring after stent-assisted coiling...
April 20, 2018: Neuroradiology
Randall S Murch, William K So, Wallace G Buchholz, Sanjay Raman, Jean Peccoud
Cyberbiosecurity is being proposed as a formal new enterprise which encompasses cybersecurity, cyber-physical security and biosecurity as applied to biological and biomedical-based systems. In recent years, an array of important meetings and public discussions, commentaries and publications have occurred that highlight numerous vulnerabilities. While necessary first steps, they do not provide a systematized structure for effectively promoting communication, education and training, elucidation and prioritization for analysis, research, development, test and evaluation and implementation of scientific, technological, standards of practice, policy, or even regulatory or legal considerations for protecting the bioeconomy...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Atefehsadat Haghighathoseini, Hossein Bobarshad, Fatehmeh Saghafi, Mohammad Sadegh Rezaei, Nader Bagherzadeh
BACKGROUNDS: Nowadays developing smart and fast services for patients and transforming hospitals to modern hospitals is considered a necessity. Living in the world inundated with information systems, designing services based on information technology entails a suitable architecture framework. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to present a localized enterprise architecture framework for the Iranian university hospital. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using two dimensions of implementation and having appropriate characteristics, the best 17 enterprises frameworks were chosen...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Annemarie Feißel, Richard Peter, Enno Swart, Stefanie March
Due to demographic changes, the employee structure in companies is changing dramatically. It will be necessary to offer employees suitable, age-adequate jobs. As one of its foremost goals, optimized business management strategies must create conditions for guaranteeing a person&rsquo;s health, work ability, and work motivation. In the context of corporate age management concepts, the literature recommends to retain and integrate older employees in the organization. This paper aims at developing an extended model of the relation between work motivation and health as affected by work ability and at deriving a host of measures that enterprises can apply as part of a corporate age management policy to counteract the impact of demographic changes...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ling Li, Jing Long, Long Li, Huijuan Cao, Tingting Tang, Xinghua Xi, Ling Qin, Yuxiao Lai, Xinluan Wang
Background/Objective: A novel porous scaffold poly (lactide- co -glycolide) and tricalcium phosphate (PLGA/TCP) was developed by three-dimensional printing technology for bone defect repair. As a Class 2 solvent with less severe toxicity, content of residual 1,4-dioxane in this newly developed scaffold should be rigorously controlled when it is translated to clinical use. In this study, a headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometric (HS-GC-MS) method and related testing protocol were developed for quantitative determination of 1,4-dioxane in the PLGA/TCP composite scaffolds...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
Carrie L Byington, Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson, Rebecca Childs, Erin Wachs, Ruben Rocha, Maureen Murtaugh, David Turok, Anthea Letsou, Julie Shakib, Rachel Hess, Willard Dere
Introduction: The National Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium 2.0 has developed common metrics as a collaborative project for all participating sites. Metrics address several important aspects and functions of the consortium, including workforce development. The first workforce development metrics to be proposed for all CTSA hubs include the proportion of CTSA-supported trainees and scholars with sustainable careers in translational research and the diversity and inclusiveness of programs...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Sebastián Manuel Muchiut, Alicia Silvina Fernández, Pedro Eduardo Steffan, Eliana Riva, César Alberto Fiel
Sheep production in tropical and temperate regions is hampered by the presence of Haemonchus contortus, the blood-sucking nematode that is the major cause of economic losses in small ruminant enterprises. The most limiting factor in the control of this parasitic disease is the steady progress of anthelmintic resistance worldwide. The search for control strategies that minimise the use of anthelmintics is therefore central to various efforts worldwide. One strategy is the introduction of susceptible parasites in refugia when these refugia are at low levels...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
T Takahashi, P Harris, M S A Blackwell, L M Cardenas, A L Collins, J A J Dungait, J M B Hawkins, T H Misselbrook, G A McAuliffe, J N McFadzean, P J Murray, R J Orr, M J Rivero, L Wu, M R F Lee
For livestock production systems to play a positive role in global food security, the balance between their benefits and disbenefits to society must be appropriately managed. Based on the evidence provided by field-scale randomised controlled trials around the world, this debate has traditionally centred on the concept of economic-environmental trade-offs, of which existence is theoretically assured when resource allocation is perfect on the farm. Recent research conducted on commercial farms indicates, however, that the economic-environmental nexus is not nearly as straightforward in the real world, with environmental performances of enterprises often positively correlated with their economic profitability...
April 13, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Vijaipal Singh, Ashok Kumar Singh, Trilochan Mohapatra, Gopala Krishnan S, Ranjith Kumar Ellur
Pusa Basmati 1121 (PB 1121) is a landmark Basmati rice variety having Basmati quality traits introgressed from traditional Basmati varieties such as Basmati 370 and Type 3. It was released for commercial cultivation in 2003. It possesses extra-long slender milled grains (9.00 mm), pleasant aroma, and an exceptionally high cooked kernel elongation ratio of 2.5 with a cooked kernel length of up to 22 mm, volume expansion more than four times, appealing taste, good mouth feel and easy digestibility. Owing to its exceptional quality characteristics, it has set new standards in the Basmati rice market...
April 9, 2018: Rice
Vivek Chauhan, Sagar Galwankar, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Naman Agrawal, S Vimal Krishnan, Sanjeev Bhoi, Tej Prakash Sinha, Praveen Aggarwal
INDUSEM was established as an INDO-US Satellite Knowledge Network in 2005. It brought together the academic leaders and innovators from India and the US with the goal of creating collaborative synergies and creative solutions to advance the knowledge and science of emergency medicine (EM) in India. Since 2005, the leadership of INDUSEM devoted substantial resources, effort, and expertise to ensure that newly implemented clinical institutes and training programs have the necessary resources and logistical support to effectively advance EM and Traumatology Sciences in India...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
David Magnus, Jason N Batten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Jason J Nam, Christopher J Colombo, Cristin A Mount, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Ferdinand Bacomo, Adam W Bostick, Konrad Davis, James K Aden, Kevin K Chung, Mary S McCarthy, Jeremy C Pamplin
Introduction: Critical care is an important component of in-patient and combat casualty care, and it is a major contributor to U.S. healthcare costs. Regular exposure to critically ill and injured patients may directly contribute to wartime skills retention for military caregivers. Data describing critical care services in the Military Health System (MHS), however, is lacking. This study was undertaken to describe MHS critical care services, their resource utilization, and differences in care practices amongst military treatment facilities (MTFs)...
March 29, 2018: Military Medicine
Arturo Casadevall, Neil Gow
Journal clubs are important mechanisms for teaching how to approach the scientific literature critically and for disseminating findings. Papers from high-impact journals often dominate journal club selections, a practice that reinforces the unscientific emphasis of placing high value on publishing venue rather than scientific content and critical analysis of the publications. We suggest improving journal clubs by including preprints rather than focusing completely on published papers. This change in practice might benefit the scientific enterprise in numerous ways, including by providing direct criticisms to preprint authors before publication, deemphasizing publishing venue, teaching students the art of reviewing papers, and making journal clubs more current by discussing unpublished data...
April 3, 2018: MBio
Orawan Kaewboonchoo, Grace Sembajwe, Jian Li
As an intermediate endpoint to cardiovascular disease, arterial stiffness has received much attention recently. So far, the research on work stress and arterial stiffness is still sparse and inconsistent, and no investigations on work stress and cardiovascular health among the Thai working population have been reported. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study among 2141 Thai enterprise employees (858 men and 1283 women) who were free from any diagnosed cardiovascular disease. Work stress was measured using Karasek's Job Demand-Control model for job strain (a combination of high demand and low control)...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Zhujia Yin, Lijuan Liu, Haidong Wang, Fengming Wen
Based on the database data of Chinese industrial enterprises from 2000 to 2007 and the LP method, this paper measures the total factor productivity of enterprises and investigates the effect of different mixed ownership forms on enterprises' efficiency and the effect of heterogeneous ownership balance on the mixed ownership enterprises' efficiency. The state-owned enterprise and mixed ownership enterprise are identified by the enterprise's paid-up capital. The results show that, on the whole, for the mixed ownership enterprise, the higher the diversification degree of the shareholders is, the higher the efficiency becomes, and in different types of industries, the mixed forms of shareholders have different effects on the efficiency of enterprises...
2018: PloS One
Cheng-Shih Lin, Mei-Yuan Jeng, Tsu-Ming Yeh
This study uses means-end chain (MEC) techniques to examine the awareness, decision-making procedure, and personal values of the elderly with regard to virtual reality leisure activities. The results of the study show that elderly respondents value virtual reality leisure activities that are fun, safe, and easy. In terms of outcome benefits, elderly respondents value feeling physically and mentally healthy, firsthand experience, and satisfied curiosity. In value terms, elderly respondents hope that their chosen virtual reality leisure activities improve not only their relationships with others, but also their enjoyment, quality of life, and sense of belonging...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Alexander H Jinnah, Marco A Augart, Daniel L Lara, Riyaz H Jinnah, Gary G Poehling, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Johannes F Plate
INTRODUCTION: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a commonly used procedure for patients suffering from debilitating unicompartmental knee arthritis. For UKA recipients, robotic-assisted surgery has served as an aid in improving surgical accuracy and precision. While studies exist detailing outcomes of robotic UKA, to our knowledge, there are no studies assessing time to return to work using robotic-assisted UKA. Thus, the purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the time to return to work and to achieve the level of work activity following robotic-assisted UKA to create recommendations for patients preoperatively...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Saso Stoleski, Jordan Minov, Jovanka Karadzinska-Bislimovska, Dragan Mijakoski, Aneta Atanasovska
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mean serum eosinophil cationic protein (s-ECP) concentrations among crop and dairy farmers and office controls, and further examine its relation to exposure duration, smoking habit, as well as presence or absence of asthma. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed including examined group (EG), composed by agricultural workers (87 crop - EG1 and 83 dairy farmers - EG2), and control group (CG) composed by 80 office workers within the same enterprise...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Peter C Frumhoff, Jennie C Stephens
Mounting evidence that even aggressive reductions in net emissions of greenhouse gases will be insufficient to limit global climate risks is increasing calls for atmospheric experiments to better understand the risks and implications of also deploying solar geoengineering technologies to reflect sunlight and rapidly lower surface temperatures. But solar geoengineering research itself poses significant environmental and geopolitical risks. Given limited societal awareness and public dialogue about this climate response option, conducting such experiments without meaningful societal engagement could galvanize opposition to solar geoengineering research from civil society, including the most climate vulnerable communities who are among its intended beneficiaries...
May 13, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Lei Han, Yan Li, Weiwen Yan, Lisheng Xie, Shuping Wang, Qiuyun Wu, Xiaoming Ji, Baoli Zhu, Chunhui Ni
Background: Coal industry is one of the national pillar industries in China. A large number of coal miners are exposed to various occupational hazards, which might cause occupational disease. The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of coal miners in Xuzhou, China and explore influencing factors to QOL of coal miners. Methods: Six hundred and twelve underground miners and 354 ground workers in one of coal mines of Xuzhou were enrolled in our study...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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