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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530876/research-continuous-surveillance-of-sleep-apnea-patients-in-a-medical-surgical-unit
#1
Dana Supe, Leah Baron, Tom Decker, Kyle Parker, Jeanne Venella, Sarah Williams, Kari Beaton, John Zaleski
This report consists of two separate studies on the use of continuous capnography monitoring conducted in an effort to improve patient safety at Virtua Health System. The desire for improved patient safety is motivating continuous monitoring and improved surveillance in clinical areas not traditionally equipped for such monitoring. We explored the use of remote monitoring of capnography, using enterprise middleware, in patients recovering from surgery in a medical-surgical unit. Continuous monitoring traditionally has been used in higher-acuity settings, such as intensive care units...
May 2017: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#2
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517986/from-rosalind-franklin-to-barack-obama-data-sharing-challenges-and-solutions-in-genomics-and-personalised-medicine
#3
Mark Lawler, Tim Maughan
The collection, storage and use of genomic and clinical data from patients and healthy individuals is a key component of personalised medicine enterprises such as the Precision Medicine Initiative, the Cancer Moonshot and the 100,000 Genomes Project. In order to maximise the value of this data, it is important to embed a culture within the scientific, medical and patient communities that supports the appropriate sharing of genomic and clinical information. However, this aspiration raises a number of ethical, legal and regulatory challenges that need to be addressed...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512663/advancing-the-integration-of-hospital-it-pitfalls-and-perspectives-when-replacing-specialized-software-for-high-risk-environments-with-enterprise-system-extensions
#4
Carsten Engelmann, Dzifa Ametowobla
BACKGROUND: Planning and controlling surgical operations hugely impacts upon productivity, patient safety, and surgeons' careers. Established, specialized software for this task is being increasingly replaced by "Operating Room (OR)-modules" appended to enterprise-wide resource planning (ERP) systems. As a result, usability problems are re-emerging and require developers' attention. OBJECTIVE: Systematic evaluation of the functionality and social repercussions of a global, market-leading IT business control system (SAP R3, Germany), adapted for real-time OR process steering...
May 17, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511314/-determination-of-cadmium-in-human-urine-by-colloidal-gold-immunochromatographic-assay
#5
G Y Fu, J Gong, X X Leng
Objective: To establish the method of colloidal gold immunochrom atographic assay for detecting cadmium ions rapidly. Methods: The anti-cadmium ion monoclonal antibody-gold conjugate was labeled on the binding pad, cadmium ion hapten and goat anti-mouse IgG were coated on nitrocellulose membrane as the detection line (T line) and quality control line (C line) respectively. The sample pad, colloidal gold bonding pad, nitrocellulose membrane and absorption pad were orderly assembled on the PVC board to cut into a test paper strip...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505703/-benefit-and-sustainability-of-networks-for-workplace-health-promotion-in-sme-examined-at-the-sme-networks-bewegte-unternehmen-and-vitale-unternehmen
#6
Eva Müller, Wolfgang Fischmann, Rudolf Kötter, Hans Drexler, Johannes Kiesel
Purpose The purpose of the study was to analyze if 2 regional networks of small and medium enterprises (SME) for workplace health promotion are sustainable, and to find out the motivation of the enterprises to join the network. It was also examined if there is a stable culture of cooperation 6 -10 years after the founding of the network. Additionally, the study checked the current work and suggestions for improvement to the network structure, so that in the future, promotion of workplace health can be further improved...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502257/physics-moves-to-the-provinces-the-siberian-physics-community-and-soviet-power-1917-1940
#7
Paul Josephson, Aleksandr Sorokin
The rich tradition of Siberian science and higher education is little known outside Russian academic circles. Using institutional history, this article focuses on the founding and pre-war period of the Siberian Physical Technical Institute, the establishment of its research focus and its first difficult steps to become a leading centre of R & D in Siberia. Based on archival materials, the article describes how local and national physicists justified the institute's creation by demonstrating ties with industry and building on the presence of a cohort of locally trained physicists, whose numbers were augmented by Leningrad specialists...
May 15, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493162/single-setting-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-and-cholecystectomy-improve-the-rate-of-surgical-site-infection
#8
Michele M Loor, Jean Dominique Morancy, James K Glover, Gregory J Beilman, Catherine L Statz
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystectomy is a common surgical procedure. The presence of common bile duct stones complicates treatment, often requiring a second procedure for stone retrieval. For such patients, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) provides adequate therapy, and can be performed before, after, or at the same time as cholecystectomy. In 2013, duodenoscopes were implicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in transmission of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488070/cerebral-aneurysm-neck-diameter-is-an-independent-predictor-of-progressive-occlusion-after-stent-assisted-coiling
#9
Masahito Nakazaki, Tadashi Nonaka, Tatsufumi Nomura, Toshiyuki Onda, Yasuyuki Yonemasu, Akira Takahashi, Yuji Hashimoto, Osamu Honda, Shinichi Oka, Masanori Sasaki, Masahiko Daibo, Osamu Honmou
BACKGROUND: Some intracranial aneurysms treated by stent-assisted coiling (SAC) with incomplete occlusion undergo progressive occlusion (PO) during follow-up period. We analyzed the predictors for the occurrence of PO. METHODS: Among 74 cerebral aneurysms treated by SAC using the Enterprise or Neuroform stents from 2010 to 2015, we included 43 aneurysms with occlusion grade of neck remnant (NR, n = 36) or residual aneurysm (RA, n = 7) at the post-procedure. We defined PO as improvement in occlusion grade from RA to NR, or from NR or RA to complete occlusion on angiographic follow-up imaging at 6 months after the procedure...
May 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484976/the-evaluation-model-of-the-enterprise-energy-efficiency-based-on-dpsr
#10
Jin-Yu Wei, Xiao-Yu Zhao, Xue-Shan Sun
The reasonable evaluation of the enterprise energy efficiency is an important work in order to reduce the energy consumption. In this paper, an effective energy efficiency evaluation index system is proposed based on DPSR (Driving forces-Pressure-State-Response) with the consideration of the actual situation of enterprises. This index system which covers multi-dimensional indexes of the enterprise energy efficiency can reveal the complete causal chain which includes the "driver forces" and "pressure" of the enterprise energy efficiency "state" caused by the internal and external environment, and the ultimate enterprise energy-saving "response" measures...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484512/developing-new-pharmacotherapeutic-approaches-to-treating-sickle-cell-disease
#11
Marilyn J Telen
Survival for patients with SCD has been prolonged by improvements in supportive care, including vaccinations, antibiotic prophylaxis, and overall medical management, including tra nsfusion. However, there remains only one approved, partially effective drug for sickle cell disease-hydroxyurea (hydroxycarbamide). The world desperately needs better ways of both treating and preventing the recurrent painful vaso-occlusive episodes pathognomonic of sickle cell disease as well as the end-organ damage that still leads inexorably to severely shortened life expectancies throughout the world...
February 2017: ISBT Science Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483308/travel-times-for-screening-mammography-impact-of-geographic-expansion-by-a-large-academic-health-system
#12
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Yu Liang, Richard Duszak, Michael P Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the impact of off-campus facility expansion by a large academic health system on patient travel times for screening mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening mammograms performed from 2013 to 2015 and associated patient demographics were identified using the NYU Langone Medical Center Enterprise Data Warehouse. During this time, the system's number of mammography facilities increased from 6 to 19, reflecting expansion beyond Manhattan throughout the New York metropolitan region...
May 5, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481378/occupational-diseases-in-the-automotive-industry-in-czechia-geographic-and-medical-context
#13
Jan Jarolímek, Pavel Urban, Petr Pavlínek, Dagmar Dzurova
OBJECTIVES: The automotive industry represents the most important industrial sector in Czechia. The objective of this study has been to analyze the occurrence of occupational diseases (OD) in the automotive industry during the period from 2001 till 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on OD cases was retrieved from the National Registry of OD. Further, we conducted a survey in automotive companies with focus on occupational health services and positions of the companies in global production networks (GPNs)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480867/-the-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-implementation-of-information-system-1c-enterprise-in-the-hospital
#14
A Baimagambetova, D Kulov, A Tsay, K Kairbekova, M Sakenova
The aim of research was to assess the impact of the introduction of information system 1C: Enterprise on the work of medical staff. It was evaluated staff satisfaction in terms of quality and speed of their duties, as well as sociological changes after the introduction in the work the information system 1C: Enterprise from 2010. The research involved 138 employees of the hospital, including 48 doctors and 90 nurses with experience of at least 5 years. The average age of respondents was 45 years. The study was conducted through questionnaires, including questions relating to life expectancy, changing the speed and quality of execution of tasks, also attended to questions about the change in the frequency of conflict situations and wages...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479235/biological-standards-for-the-knowledge-based-bioeconomy-what-is-at-stake
#15
REVIEW
Víctor de Lorenzo, Markus Schmidt
The contribution of life sciences to the Knowledge-Based Bioeconomy (KBBE) asks for the transition of contemporary, gene-based biotechnology from being a trial-and-error endeavour to becoming an authentic branch of engineering. One requisite to this end is the need for standards to measure and represent accurately biological functions, along with languages for data description and exchange. However, the inherent complexity of biological systems and the lack of quantitative tradition in the field have largely curbed this enterprise...
May 4, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477273/environmental-and-social-risk-evaluation-of-overseas-investment-under-the-china-pakistan-economic-corridor
#16
Ruilian Zhang, Francis Andam, Guoqing Shi
Along with the further implementation of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative and the promotion of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the construction of the CPEC will likely face challenges owing to differences between China and Pakistan in politics, economics, culture, religion, language, customs, environmental management systems, environmental protection laws, social management systems, and social management regulations. To address potential environmental and social risks associated with Chinese enterprises as they invest in the CPEC region, this paper examines previous studies addressing topics such as the environmental and social safeguards of international institutions and Pakistan's domestic environmental and social management requirements...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472359/constructing-the-informatics-and-information-technology-foundations-of-a-medical-device-evaluation-system-a-report-from-the-fda-unique-device-identifier-demonstration
#17
Joseph P Drozda, James Roach, Thomas Forsyth, Paul Helmering, Benjamin Dummitt, James E Tcheng
Objective: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recognized the need to improve the tracking of medical device safety and performance, with implementation of Unique Device Identifiers (UDIs) in electronic health information as a key strategy. The FDA funded a demonstration by Mercy Health wherein prototype UDIs were incorporated into its electronic information systems. This report describes the demonstration's informatics architecture. Methods: Prototype UDIs for coronary stents were created and implemented across a series of information systems, resulting in UDI-associated data flow from manufacture through point of use to long-term follow-up, with barcode scanning linking clinical data with UDI-associated device attributes...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469389/roadmap-to-a-comprehensive-clinical-data-warehouse-for-precision-medicine-applications-in-oncology
#18
David J Foran, Wenjin Chen, Huiqi Chu, Evita Sadimin, Doreen Loh, Gregory Riedlinger, Lauri A Goodell, Shridar Ganesan, Kim Hirshfield, Lorna Rodriguez, Robert S DiPaola
Leading institutions throughout the country have established Precision Medicine programs to support personalized treatment of patients. A cornerstone for these programs is the establishment of enterprise-wide Clinical Data Warehouses. Working shoulder-to-shoulder, a team of physicians, systems biologists, engineers, and scientists at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have designed, developed, and implemented the Warehouse with information originating from data sources, including Electronic Medical Records, Clinical Trial Management Systems, Tumor Registries, Biospecimen Repositories, Radiology and Pathology archives, and Next Generation Sequencing services...
2017: Cancer Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465129/reference-values-of-grip-strength-prevalence-of-low-grip-strength-and-factors-affecting-grip-strength-values-in-chinese-adults
#19
Ruby Yu, Sherlin Ong, Osbert Cheung, Jason Leung, Jean Woo
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to update the reference values of grip strength, to estimate the prevalence of low grip strength, and to examine the impact of different aspects of measurement protocol on grip strength values in Chinese adults. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey of Chinese men (n = 714) and women (n = 4014) aged 18-102 years was undertaken in different community settings in Hong Kong. MEASUREMENTS: Grip strength was measured with a digital dynamometer (TKK 5401 Grip-D; Takei, Niigata, Japan)...
April 29, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457940/road-to-the-future-priorities-for-child-health-services-research
#20
REVIEW
Gerry Fairbrother, Denise Dougherty, Rosina Pradhananga, Lisa A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Prior health services research (HSR) agendas for children have been published, but major ones are now over 15 years old and do not reflect augmented understanding of the drivers and determinants of children's health; recent changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care; a growing emphasis on population health; and major demographic shifts in the population. A policy-relevant research agenda that integrates knowledge gained over the past two decades is essential to guide future child HSR (CHSR)...
April 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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