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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647901/in-vivo-visualization-of-the-locus-coeruleus-in-humans-quantifying-the-test-retest-reliability
#1
Klodiana-Daphne Tona, Max C Keuken, Mischa de Rover, Egbert Lakke, Birte U Forstmann, Sander Nieuwenhuis, Matthias J P van Osch
The locus coeruleus (LC) is a brainstem nucleus involved in important cognitive functions. Recent developments in neuroimaging methods and scanning protocols have made it possible to visualize the human LC in vivo by utilizing a T1-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE) scan. Despite its frequent use and its application as a biomarker for tracking the progress of monoaminergic-related neurodegenerative diseases, no study to date has investigated the reproducibility and inter-observer variability of LC identification using this TSE scan sequence...
June 24, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644486/use-of-work-life-balance-benefits-guaranteed-by-law-in-poland-do-size-of-the-enterprise-and-gender-matter
#2
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marcin Drabek, Aleksander Stańczak, Aleksandra Andysz, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
BACKGROUND: The paper is aimed at indicating the similarities and differences in use of benefits supporting work-life balance (WLB) between women and men working in Polish small/medium and large enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 556 workers (311 women, 245 men), aged 20-68 years old employed on the basis of employment contracts for at least a year in Polish enterprises. The respondents completed a questionnaire on the use of benefits guaranteed by the Polish Labour Code, referring to their current workplaces...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642755/vaginal-and-uterine-bacterial-communities-in-postpartum-lactating-cows
#3
Brooke A Clemmons, Sydney T Reese, Felipe G Dantas, Gessica A Franco, Timothy P L Smith, Olusoji I Adeyosoye, Ky G Pohler, Phillip R Myer
Reproductive inefficiency in cattle has major impacts on overall productivity of cattle operations, increasing cost of production, and impacting the sustainability of the cattle enterprise. Decreased reproductive success and associated disease states have been correlated with the presence of specific microbes and microbial community profiles, yet details of the relationship between microbial communities and host physiology are not well known. The present study profiles and compares the microbial communities in the bovine uterus and vagina using 16S rRNA sequencing of the V1-V3 hypervariable region at the time of artificial insemination...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638518/automated-reporting-of-trainee-metrics-using-electronic-clinical-systems
#4
Jonathan C Levin, Jonathan Hron
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has called for increased emphasis on reporting objective performance measures to trainees and programs. However, reporting of objective measures, including clinical volume, is largely omitted from training programs. OBJECTIVE: To use automated electronic medical systems at a tertiary pediatric care hospital to create a dashboard that reports objective trainee and program metrics, including clinical volume and diagnoses in a pediatrics residency...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637191/value-added-strategy-models-to-provide-quality-services-in-senior-health-business
#5
Ya-Ting Yang, Neng-Pai Lin, Shyi Su, Ya-Mei Chen, Yao-Mao Chang, Yujiro Handa, Hafsah Arshed Ali Khan, Yi-Hsin Elsa Hsu
Objective: The rapid population aging is now a global issue. The increase in the elderly population will impact the health care industry and health enterprises; various senior needs will promote the growth of the senior health industry. Most senior health studies are focused on the demand side and scarcely on supply. Our study selected quality enterprises focused on aging health and analyzed different strategies to provide excellent quality services to senior health enterprises. Design: We selected 33 quality senior health enterprises in Taiwan and investigated their excellent quality services strategies by face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews with CEO and managers of each enterprise in 2013...
June 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633401/biomedical-text-mining-for-research-rigor-and-integrity-tasks-challenges-directions
#6
Halil Kilicoglu
An estimated quarter of a trillion US dollars is invested in the biomedical research enterprise annually. There is growing alarm that a significant portion of this investment is wasted because of problems in reproducibility of research findings and in the rigor and integrity of research conduct and reporting. Recent years have seen a flurry of activities focusing on standardization and guideline development to enhance the reproducibility and rigor of biomedical research. Research activity is primarily communicated via textual artifacts, ranging from grant applications to journal publications...
June 13, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#7
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630533/smoke-screen-the-globalization-of-production-transnational-lobbying-and-the-international-political-economy-of-plain-tobacco-packaging
#8
Louise Curran, Jappe Eckhardt
In 2012 Australia became the first country in the world to introduce plain tobacco packaging in an effort to reduce tobacco consumption. This move was vehemently opposed by the tobacco industry, which challenged it on several levels: nationally, bilaterally and multilaterally at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The political behavior of the tobacco companies in this case is puzzling both in terms of scale, operating at multiple levels at the same time and in terms of the countries mobilized in their defence...
2017: Rev Int Polit Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628260/society-for-academic-emergency-medicine-statement-on-plagiarism
#9
Shellie L Asher, Kenneth V Iserson, Lisa H Merck
The integrity of the research enterprise is of the utmost importance for the advancement of safe and effective medical practice for patients and for maintaining the public trust in health care. Academic societies and editors of journals are key participants in guarding scientific integrity. Avoiding and preventing plagiarism helps to preserve the scientific integrity of professional presentations and publications. The Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) Ethics Committee discusses current issues in scientific publishing integrity and provides a guideline to avoid plagiarism in SAEM presentations and publications...
June 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627082/dependence-and-resistance-in-community-psychiatric-health-care-negotiations-of-user-participation-between-staff-and-users
#10
Ingrid Femdal, Ingrid Ruud Knutsen
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of user participation is considered important in today's mental health care. Research shows, however, that user participation lacks clarity and provokes uncertainty regarding shifting roles. AIM: To investigate negotiation of user participation in a micro-study of interplay between users and health professionals in community mental health care METHOD: This qualitative study is based on semi-structured in-depth interviews, involving ten service users and ten professionals in community mental health care in Norway...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623557/proving-value-in-radiology-experience-developing-and-implementing-a-shareable-open-source-registry-platform-driven-by-radiology-workflow
#11
Judy Wawira Gichoya, Marc D Kohli, Paul Haste, Elizabeth Mills Abigail, Matthew S Johnson
Numerous initiatives are in place to support value based care in radiology including decision support using appropriateness criteria, quality metrics like radiation dose monitoring, and efforts to improve the quality of the radiology report for consumption by referring providers. These initiatives are largely data driven. Organizations can choose to purchase proprietary registry systems, pay for software as a service solution, or deploy/build their own registry systems. Traditionally, registries are created for a single purpose like radiation dosage or specific disease tracking like diabetes registry...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617175/operator-models-for-delivering-municipal-solid-waste-management-services-in-developing-countries-part-a-the-evidence-base
#12
David C Wilson, Jennifer Bangirana Kanjogera, Reka Soós, Cosmin Briciu, Stephen R Smith, Andrew D Whiteman, Sandra Spies, Barbara Oelz
This article presents the evidence base for 'operator models' - that is, how to deliver a sustainable service through the interaction of the 'client', 'revenue collector' and 'operator' functions - for municipal solid waste management in emerging and developing countries. The companion article addresses a selection of locally appropriate operator models. The evidence shows that no 'standard' operator model is effective in all developing countries and circumstances. Each city uses a mix of different operator models; 134 cases showed on average 2...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616486/goat-farm-management-and-brucella-serological-test-among-goat-keepers-and-livestock-officers-2011-2012-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-southern-thailand
#13
Thanidtha Te-Chaniyom, Alan F Geater, Wandee Kongkaew, Usa Chethanond, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
Brucellosis, a zoonotic disease particularly affecting goats, emerged in Thailand in 2003, resulting in both an occupational hazard for goat keepers and livestock officers, and production losses. Farm management practices have been identified as risk factors associated with Brucella sero-positivity in many studies. Our finding in this study should be considered in order to strengthen the system of biosecurity control in farm animals as one health approach. The objectives of the study were to describe the distribution of potential risk factors by types of goat farms and to document the prevalence of human Brucella sero-positivity among goat keepers and livestock officers in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614926/-investigation-and-analysis-on-occupational-hazards-in-a-carbon-enterprise
#14
C D Lu, Q F Ding, Z X Wang, H Shao, X C Sun, F Zhang
Objective: To explore occupational-disease-inductive in a carbon enterprise workplace and personnel occupational health examination, providing the basis for occupational disease prevention and control of the industry. Methods: Field occupational health survey and inspection law were used to study the the situation and degree of occupational disease hazards in carbon enterprise from 2013 to 2015.Occupational health monitoring was used for workers, physical examination, detection of occupational hazard factors and physical examination results were analyzed comprehensive...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614923/-serum-levels-of-periostin-and-their-influencing-factors-in-the-beta-lactam-antibiotic-enterprise-workers
#15
S S Gao, Z S Song, Q Jia, X Li, C L Li, X W Chen, C B Zheng
Objective: To observe serum levels of periostin, ECP, IgE in the antibiotic enterprise workers, and study the role of periostin, ECP, IgE in the development of allergic inflammation. Methods: 90 cases with asthma or rhinitis were enrolled as disease group, another 117 workers exposed to 7-ACA、6-APA dust without suffering from allergic illness, are chosen as group of dust exposed, and 192 healthy workers who didn't contact dust were chosen as control group. Questionnaires were used to learn their basic information...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608271/repeated-subretinal-surgery-and-removal-of-subretinal-decalin-is-well-tolerated-evidence-from-a-porcine-model
#16
Nina Buus Sørensen, Kristian Klemp, Troels Wesenberg Kjær, Steffen Heegaard, Morten la Cour, Jens Folke Kiilgaard
PURPOSE: Subretinal perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) is a serious complication that can occur after retinal detachment repair. It is possible to remove the PFCL surgically, but retinal damage related to the procedure is unknown. Also, increasing interest in subretinal treatment makes it relevant to examine the functional and morphological consequences of repeated subretinal manipulation. We hypothesized that PFCL in a porcine model can be injected in the subretinal space and removed with minimal effect on retinal structure and function...
June 12, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606362/cost-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-at-individual-farm-level-an-economic-disease-model
#17
H Nathues, P Alarcon, J Rushton, R Jolie, K Fiebig, M Jimenez, V Geurts, C Nathues
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is reported to be among the diseases with the highest economic impact in modern pig production worldwide. Yet, the economic impact of the disease at farm level is not well understood as, especially in endemically infected pig herds, losses are often not obvious. It is therefore difficult for farmers and veterinarians to appraise whether control measures such as virus elimination or vaccination will be economically beneficial for their farm. Thus, aim of this study was to develop an epidemiological and economic model to determine the costs of PRRS for an individual pig farm...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603140/mining-the-genome-for-therapeutic-targets
#18
Jose C Florez
Current pharmacological options for type 2 diabetes do not cure the disease. Despite the availability of multiple drug classes that modulate glycemia effectively and minimize long-term complications, these agents do not reverse pathogenesis, and in practice they are not selected to correct the molecular profile specific to the patient. Pharmaceutical companies find drug development programs increasingly costly and burdensome, and many promising compounds fail before launch to market. Human genetics can help advance the therapeutic enterprise...
June 11, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601959/visibility-analysis-of-fire-lookout-towers-in-the-boyabat-state-forest-enterprise-in-turkey
#19
Omer Kucuk, Ozer Topaloglu, Arif Oguz Altunel, Mehmet Cetin
For a successful fire suppression, it is essential to detect and intervene forest fires as early as possible. Fire lookout towers are crucial assets in detecting forest fires, in addition to other technological advancements. In this study, we performed a visibility analysis on a network of fire lookout towers currently operating in a relatively fire-prone region in Turkey's Western Black Sea region. Some of these towers had not been functioning properly; it was proposed that these be taken out of the grid and replaced with new ones...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599783/marketization-occupational-segregation-and-gender-earnings-inequality-in-urban-china
#20
Guangye He, Xiaogang Wu
This article analyzes a large sample of the 2005 population mini-census data and prefecture-level statistics of China to investigate gender earnings inequality in the context of economic marketization, paying special attention to the changing role of occupational segregation in the process. We approximate marketization by employment sectors and also construct an index of marketization at the prefecture level. Results show that, despite the tremendous economic growth, marketization has exacerbated gender earnings inequality in urban China's labor markets...
July 2017: Social Science Research
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