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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445824/the-shadow-price-of-co2-emissions-in-china-s-iron-and-steel-industry
#1
Ke Wang, Linan Che, Chunbo Ma, Yi-Ming Wei
As China becomes the world's largest energy consumer and CO2 emitter, there has been a rapidly emerging literature on estimating China's abatement cost for CO2 using a distance function approach. However, the existing studies have mostly focused on the cost estimates at macro levels (provinces or industries) with few examining firm-level abatement costs. No work has attempted to estimate the abatement cost of CO2 emissions in the iron and steel industry. Although some have argued that the directional distance function (DDF) is more appropriate in the presence of bad output under regulation, the choice of directions is largely arbitrary...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438272/inspiration-perspiration-and-execution-an-innovator-s-perspective
#2
Josh Makower
Josh Makower, MD, is a General Partner at New Enterprise Associates, Consulting Professor of Medicine at Stanford University Medical School, Co-Founder of Stanford's Biodesign Innovation Program, and Founder and Executive Chairman of the medical device incubator, ExploraMed Development, LLC.
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433337/increased-resource-utilization-and-overall-morbidity-are-associated-with-general-versus-regional-anesthesia-for-carotid-endarterectomy-in-data-collected-by-the-michigan-surgical-quality-collaborative
#3
Ahmad S Hussain, Andrew Mullard, William F Oppat, Kevin D Nolan
OBJECTIVE: Advocates for performing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under regional anesthesia (RA) cite reduction in hemodynamic instability and the ability for neurologic monitoring, but many still prefer general anesthesia (GA) as benefits of RA have not been clearly demonstrated, reliable RA may not be available in all centers, and a certain amount of movement by the patient during the procedure may not be uniformly tolerated. We evaluated the association of anesthesia type and perioperative morbidity and mortality as well as resource utilization in patients undergoing CEA using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (MSQC) database...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#4
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426697/perceived-conflict-of-interest-in-health-science-partnerships
#5
John C Besley, Aaron M McCright, Nagwan R Zahry, Kevin C Elliott, Norbert E Kaminski, Joseph D Martin
University scientists conducting research on topics of potential health concern often want to partner with a range of actors, including government entities, non-governmental organizations, and private enterprises. Such partnerships can provide access to needed resources, including funding. However, those who observe the results of such partnerships may judge those results based on who is involved. This set of studies seeks to assess how people perceive two hypothetical health science research collaborations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425043/innovative-development-path-of-ethnomedicines-a-case-study
#6
Zhaoyun Zhu, Yali Gui, Li Wang, Ting Wang, Yang Yang, Yunzhuang Niu, Dehuan Fu, Jingkun Wang, Tao Cui
Innovative development extends the vitality of ethnomedicines. Developing ethnomedicines is not only beneficial to the public but also to the related industry and transforms economic growth, driving local social and economic development further. Its economic benefit can be used to optimize and promote the hardware and software of the platform, as well as support the sustainable development of ethnomedicines. Apart from research and discussion on the innovative development of ethnomedicines on the basis of theory and regulations, this series of articles also summarizes cases that are conducive to the overall understanding of the necessity and feasibility of the innovative development...
April 19, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423751/web-validation-service-for-ensuring-adherence-to-the-dicom-standard
#7
Jorge Miguel Silva, Tiago Marques Godinho, David Silva, Carlos Costa
The DICOM Standard has been fundamental for ensuring the interoperability of Picture Archive and Communications Systems (PACS). By compiling rigorously to the standard, medical imaging equipment and applications from different vendors can share their data, and create integrated workflows which contributes to better quality healthcare services. However, DICOM is a complex, flexible and very extensive standard. Thus, it is difficult to attest the conformity of data structures produced by DICOM applications resulting in unexpected behaviors, errors and malfunctions...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421889/overall-assessment-of-human-research-and-ethics-committees-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#8
Mahera Abdulrahman, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair
Growing demand for human health research in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has prompted the need to develop a robust research ethics oversight. Examination of the structure, function, and practices of the human research ethics committees (HRECs), followed by evaluation of standards for measuring research output, was conducted. Results indicate that among the HRECs, 90% followed International Council for Harmonization-Good Clinical Practice guidelines, 66.6% have been in operation for more than 5 years, 95% reviewed proposals within 8 weeks, and 56% reviewed for scientific merit apart from ethics...
April 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421225/using-telephony-data-to-facilitate-discovery-of-clinical-workflows
#9
Donald W Rucker
BACKGROUND:  Discovery of clinical workflows to target for redesign using methods such as Lean and Six Sigma is difficult. VoIP telephone call pattern analysis may complement direct observation and EMR-based tools in understanding clinical workflows at the enterprise level by allowing visualization of institutional telecommunications activity. OBJECTIVE:  To build an analytic framework mapping repetitive and high-volume telephone call patterns in a large medical center to their associated clinical units using an enterprise unified communications server log file and to support visualization of specific call patterns using graphical networks...
April 19, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419890/pragmatic-trial-of-a-study-navigator-model-nau-vs-ambassador-model-n-to-increase-enrollment-to-health-research-among-community-members-who-use-illicit-drugs
#10
Linda B Cottler, Catherine W Striley, Amy L Elliott, Abigail E Zulich, Evan Kwiatkowski, David R Nelson
BACKGROUND: Although drug use is common in the population, drug users are sometimes excluded from research without justification. Two models of individualized study matching were compared for effectiveness in enrolling people who "endorsed current drug use" and those who "did not" into appropriate research. METHODS: Participants in the NIDA-funded Transformative Approach to Reduce Research Disparities Towards Drug Users study (Navigation Study) were recruited through a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) community engagement model...
April 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416856/microbial-analysis-of-map-pot-stewed-duck-wings-under-different-conditions-during-15%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-storage
#11
Keping Ye, Jian Jiang, Yuefan Wang, Yifan Hou, Mei Liu, Jia Liu, Chengxiang Guo
This study was to investigate the changes of microbial community and counts of MAP pot-stewed duck wing (PSDW) under different packaging films and spices ratio during 15 °C storage, using the traditional bacterial cultivation and PCR-DGGE. Results of microbial counting showed that the shelf-life of PDSW during 15 °C storage for recommendation was within six days, and the packaging films and spices ratio didn't affect the change of microbial numbers in PSDW during storage. PCR-DGGE analysis revealed that Staphylococcus equorum, Weissella sp...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414408/family-medicine-research-in-the-united-states-from-the-late-1960s-into-the-future
#12
Marjorie A Bowman, Sean C Lucan, Thomas C Rosenthal, Arch G Mainous, Paul A James
When the new field of family medicine research began a half century ago, multiple individuals and organizations emphasized that research was a key mission. Since the field's inception, there have been notable research successes for which family medicine organizations, researchers, and leaders-assisted by federal and state governments and private foundations-can take credit. Research is a requirement for family medicine residency programs but not individual residents, and multiple family medicine departments offer research training in various forms for learners at all levels, including research fellowships...
April 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413254/non-farm-entrepreneurship-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-new-empirical-evidence
#13
Paula Nagler, Wim Naudé
We report on the prevalence and patterns of non-farm enterprises in six sub-Saharan African countries, and study their performance in terms of labor productivity, survival and exit, using the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). Rural households operate enterprises due to both push and pull factors and tend to do so predominantly in easy-to-enter activities, such as sales and trade, rather than in activities that require higher starting costs, such as transport services, or educational investment, such as professional services...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412937/understanding-relevance-of-health-research-considerations-in-the-context-of-research-impact-assessment
#14
EDITORIAL
Mark J Dobrow, Fiona A Miller, Cy Frank, Adalsteinn D Brown
BACKGROUND: With massive investment in health-related research, above and beyond investments in the management and delivery of healthcare and public health services, there has been increasing focus on the impact of health research to explore and explain the consequences of these investments and inform strategic planning. Relevance is reflected by increased attention to the usability and impact of health research, with research funders increasingly engaging in relevance assessment as an input to decision processes...
April 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412061/influence-of-the-labrum-on-version-and-diameter-of-the-glenoid-a-morphometric-study-using-magnetic-resonance-images
#15
Joyce Anthony, Ibin Varughese, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth, Erik Hohmann
PURPOSE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to determine the influence of the labrum on both the osseous version and effective diameter of the glenoid. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of patients with shoulder pain who underwent MRI between February 2014 and February 2015. The morphology of the glenoid labrum and glenoid was scanned with a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging scanner, and variables were measured by use of IntelliSpace PACS Enterprise...
April 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406667/b-f-skinner-and-technology-s-nation-technocracy-social-engineering-and-the-good-life-in-20th-century-america
#16
Alexandra Rutherford
Psychologist B. F. Skinner developed and promoted a technology of behavior as the basis for widespread social reform over much of his career. In 1948, he published his behaviorally engineered vision of the good life in his utopian novel Walden Two (Skinner, 1948). Skinner's efforts were part of a much larger social engineering tradition that received one of its fullest expressions in the Technocracy Movement of the 1930s. Fifteen years before Skinner's Walden Two, at the height of the Technocracy Movement's public visibility in the United States, technocrat Harold Loeb (1933/1996) published his utopia, Life in a Technocracy: What It Might Be Like...
April 13, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402125/assessment-of-radiation-dose-from-abdominal-quantitative-ct-with-short-scan-length
#17
Xinhua Li, Kai Yang, Matthew C DeLorenzo, Bob Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess radiation dose for patients who received abdominal quantitative CT and to compare the midpoint dose [DL(0)] at the center of 1-cm scan length with the volume CT dose index (CTDIvol). Although the size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) proposed in AAPM Report No. 204 is not applicable for short length scans, commercial dose monitoring software, such as Radimetrics Enterprise Platform (Bayer HealthCare, Whippany, NJ), reports SSDE for all scans. SSDE was herein compared with DL(0)...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401659/dynamic-orthogonal-switching-of-a-thermoresponsive-self-organized-helical-superstructure
#18
Lingli Zhang, Ling Wang, Uma S Hiremath, Hari Krishna Bisoyi, Geetha G Nair, Channabasaveshwar V Yelamaggad, Augustine M Urbas, Timothy J Bunning, Quan Li
Controllable manipulation of self-organized dynamic superstructures of functional molecular materials by external stimuli is an enabling enterprise. Herein, we have developed a thermally driven, self-organized helical superstructure, i.e., thermoresponsive cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC), by integrating a judiciously chosen thermoresponsive chiral molecular switch into an achiral liquid crystalline medium. The CLC in lying state, in both planar and twisted nematic cells, exhibits reversible in-plane orthogonal switching of its helical axis in response to the combined effect of temperature and electric field...
April 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398650/white-paper-on-the-study-of-birth-defects
#19
Mustafa K Khokha, Laura E Mitchell, John B Wallingford
Birth defects are the leading cause of infant death in the United States and among the top causes of pediatric death and hospitalization. Despite the devastating impact of birth defects, we understand little of their etiology impeding progress towards treatment and prevention. Moreover, while surgical interventions have improved survival for many children to beyond their first year, our inability to accurately predict, diagnose and treat the common sequelae of birth defects leaves the economic, social and public health burden of birth defects unacceptably high...
January 30, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398257/the-life-course-implications-of-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-for-children-in-low-income-countries
#20
Alessandra N Bazzano, Kaitlin S Potts, Lydia A Bazzano, John B Mason
The development of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) for the treatment of uncomplicated cases of severe acute malnutrition in young children from 6 months to 5 years old has greatly improved survival through the ability to treat large numbers of malnourished children in the community setting rather than at health facilities during emergencies. This success has led to a surge in demand for RUTF in low income countries that are frequently food insecure due to environmental factors such as cyclical drought...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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