keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Enterprise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244177/online-bayesian-phylogenetic-inference-theoretical-foundations-via-sequential-monte-carlo
#1
Vu Dinh, Aaron E Darling, Frederick A Matsen Iv
Phylogenetics, the inference of evolutionary trees from molecular sequence data such as DNA, is an enterprise that yields valuable evolutionary understanding of many biological systems. Bayesian phylogenetic algorithms, which approximate a posterior distribution on trees, have become a popular if computationally expensive means of doing phylogenetics. Modern data collection technologies are quickly adding new sequences to already substantial databases. With all current techniques for Bayesian phylogenetics, computation must start anew each time a sequence becomes available, making it costly to maintain an up-to-date estimate of a phylogenetic posterior...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243246/patients-not-patents-drug-research-and-development-as-a-public-enterprise
#2
Peter C Gøtzsche
Our current system for researching, developing, approving, marketing and using drugs is financially and morally unsustainable. I propose an entirely new system where drug research and development will be a public enterprise, with no patents, and defined entirely by the public interest. Drug companies will have a limited role, selling services on a competitive basis to the publicly funded enterprise. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239685/in%C3%A2-vitro-angiographic-comparison-of-the-flow-diversion-performance-of-five-neurovascular-stents
#3
Ronak J Dholakia, Ari D Kappel, Andrew Pagano, Henry H Woo, Baruch B Lieber, David J Fiorella, Chander Sadasivan
Background and purpose Data differentiating flow diversion properties of commercially available low- and high-porosity stents are limited. This in vitro study applies angiographic analysis of intra-aneurysmal flow to compare the flow-diversion performance of five neurovascular devices in idealized sidewall and bifurcation aneurysm models. Methods Five commercial devices (Enterprise, Neuroform, LVIS, FRED, and Pipeline) were implanted in silicone sidewall and bifurcation aneurysm models under physiological average flow of blood analog fluid...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238886/poultry-production-and-constraints-in-eastern-province-of-rwanda-case-study-of-rukomo-sector-nyagatare-district
#4
Eugene Mazimpaka, Micheal Tukei, Anselme Shyaka, Eugene N Gatari
A study was conducted in Rukomo sector, Nyagatare district, to determine the status of poultry production. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 100 poultry farmers randomly as 20 farmers from each of the five cells. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and presented in chart and tables. The majority of the farmers (84%) reared their poultry in free range system while 10% practiced semi-intensive and only 6% did intensive production. Only 12% of the respondents kept exotic poultry breeds...
December 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236533/a-history-of-social-work-in-public-health
#5
Betty J Ruth, Jamie Wyatt Marshall
Social work is a core health profession with origins deeply connected to the development of contemporary public health in the United States. Today, many of the nation's 600 000 social workers practice broadly in public health and in other health settings, drawing on a century of experience in combining clinical, intermediate, and population approaches for greater health impact. Yet, the historic significance of this long-standing interdisciplinary collaboration-and its current implications-remains underexplored in the present era...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234494/company-size-work-home-interference-and-well-being-of-self-employed-entrepreneurs
#6
Isabelle Godin, Pierre Desmarez, Céline Mahieu
Background: The impact of working conditions on the health and well-being of workers of large enterprises has been widely described. This influence has not been studied as extensively in very small and medium-sized enterprises mainly due to methodological difficulties. Smaller organisations nevertheless constitute a reality that needs to be better understood. Methodology: The aim of this article is to better understand the working conditions of entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises, to describe the impact of these conditions on their health and well-being, and to learn how their work affects their private lives...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230648/risk-perception-of-aquatic-pollution-originated-from-chemical-industry-clusters-in-the-coastal-area-of-jiangsu-province-china
#7
Hong Yao, Bo Liu, Zhen You, Li Zhao
According to "the Layout Scheme of the Chemical Industry in Jiangsu Province From 2016 to 2030" and "the Development Planning in the Coastal Area of Jiangsu Province, China," several chemical industry clusters will be located in the coastal area of Jiangsu province, China, and the risk of surface water pollution will be inevitably higher in the densely populated region. To get to know the risk acceptance level of the residents near the clusters, public perception was analyzed from the five risk factors: the basic knowledge about the pollution, the negative effects on aquatic environment imposed by the clusters, the positive effects brought by the clusters, the trust of controlling aquatic pollution, and the acceptance of the clusters...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230516/-the-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-employees-from-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-germany
#8
Andrea Kaifie, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this study, clinical data from n = 2280 employees from small and medium sized enterprises (SME) were analyzed for economic sector, sex, socioeconomic position (SEP), economic sector cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal and psychological diseases...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226746/what-can-irbs-learn-from-cabs-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-recruitment-and-training-of-nonscientist-members-on-research-review-boards
#9
Stephanie Solomon Cargill
Governments, funders, and institutional policies increasingly encourage and even mandate the involvement of nonscientists in the ethical review of research, most famously in institutional review boards (IRBs), but also on community advisory boards (CABs) and other committees that contribute to research governance. In spite of these requirements, few have examined how different factors such as recruitment strategies, training, and different qualifications shape the contributions of nonscientists to the research enterprise...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223464/data-journeys-identifying-social-and-technical-barriers-to-data-movement-in-large-complex-organisations
#10
Iliada Eleftheriou, Suzanne M Embury, Rebecca Moden, Peter Dobinson, Andrew Brass
Managers in complex organisations often have to make decisions on whether new software developments are worth undertaking or not. Such decisions are hard to make, especially at an enterprise level. Both costs and risks are regularly underestimated, despite the existence of a plethora of software and systems engineering methodologies aimed at predicting and controlling them. Our objective is to help managers and stakeholders of large, complex organisations (like the National Health Service in the UK) make better informed decisions on the costs and risks of planned new software systems that will reuse or extend their existing information infrastructure...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220034/just-how-good-an-investment-is-the-biopharmaceutical-sector
#11
Richard T Thakor, Nicholas Anaya, Yuwei Zhang, Christian Vilanilam, Kien Wei Siah, Chi Heem Wong, Andrew W Lo
Uncertainty surrounding the risk and reward of investments in biopharmaceutical companies poses a challenge to those interested in funding such enterprises. Using data on publicly traded stocks, we track the performance of 1,066 biopharmaceutical companies from 1930 to 2015-the most comprehensive financial analysis of this sector to date. Our systematic exploration of methods for distinguishing biotech and pharmaceutical companies yields a dynamic, more accurate classification method. We find that the performance of the biotech sector is highly sensitive to the presence of a few outlier companies, and confirm that nearly all biotech companies are loss-making enterprises, exhibiting high stock volatility...
December 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215968/food-flows-in-the-uk-the-potential-of-surplus-food-redistribution-to-reduce-waste
#12
Elisa Facchini, Eleni Iacovidou, Jan Gronow, Nikolaos Voulvoulis
The increasing amount of food waste generated as a direct consequence of its excessive production, mismanagement and wasteful behaviours, represents a real challenge in promoting resource efficiency. In the UK, the lack of robust mass flow data hinders both the ability to understand and address food waste challenges, and to devise long-term sustainable prevention strategies. In recognition of these challenges, this paper seeks to: i) provide insights into the UK's annual estimates of food mass flows, including imports, exports, distribution, consumption, surplus food production, and final disposal, and ii) scrutinise the uptake and surplus food redistribution as a potential food waste prevention strategy...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214593/the-role-of-solidarity-ies-in-rare-diseases-research
#13
Deborah Mascalzoni, Carlo Petrini, Domenica Taruscio, Sabina Gainotti
Solidarity plays a relevant role in rare diseases (RDs) research to create and enable research in the field. In Europe RDs are estimated to affect between 27 and 36 million people even though single RDs can count very few patients, making the contribution of everyone essential to reach solid results. Often RD research is initiated by patient groups devoting substantial time and resources to the scientific enterprise. In RD research solidarity is often evocated and expressed, in different ways and on different levels, so that it is possible to talk about "solidarities" played by different stakeholders and sometimes conflicting with each other...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214581/newborn-screening-beyond-the-spot
#14
Tiina K Urv, Melissa A Parisi
The newborn screening paradigm of testing all newborns in the United States for treatable conditions within the first few hours of birth has proven to be a remarkable success story in the realm of public health by reducing neonatal and childhood morbidity and mortality. The Newborn Screening Saves Lives Act of 2007 and its successor, the Reauthorization Act of 2014, legislated the establishment of a Department of Health and Human Services Advisory Committee to make recommendations around newborn screening and a methodology to establish and add new conditions to a Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) which currently includes 34 core conditions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206855/linking-disease-epidemiology-and-livestock-productivity-the-case-of-bovine-respiratory-disease-in-france
#15
Alexis Delabouglise, Andrew James, Jean-François Valarcher, Sara Hagglünd, Didier Raboisson, Jonathan Rushton
Concerns are growing over the impact of livestock farming on environment and public health. The livestock industry is faced with the double constraint of limiting its use of natural resources and antimicrobials while ensuring its economic sustainability. In this context, reliable methods are needed to evaluate the effect of the prevention of endemic animal diseases on the productivity of livestock production systems. In this study, an epidemiological and productivity model was used to link changes in Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD) incidence with the productivity of the beef and dairy cattle sectors in France...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205849/editorial-the-microbiome-as-a-source-of-new-enterprises-and-job-creation
#16
EDITORIAL
Jan-Ulrich Kreft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203743/analysis-of-major-risk-factors-affecting-those-working-in-the-agrarian-sector-based-on-a-sociological-survey
#17
Olena M Krekoten, Anatolii V Dereziuk, Olena V Ihnaschuk, Svitlana E Holovchanska
INTRODUCTION: Issues related to labour potential, its state and problems have consistently been a focus of attention for the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Its respective analysis shows that labour potential problems remain unresolved in many countries of the world. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), adverse working conditions are among major factors of occupational disease development in Europe and the reason for disabilities of economically active population during 2...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203672/earliest-hydraulic-enterprise-in-china-5-100-years-ago
#18
Bin Liu, Ningyuan Wang, Minghui Chen, Xiaohong Wu, Duowen Mo, Jianguo Liu, Shijin Xu, Yijie Zhuang
Here we present one of the world's oldest examples of large-scale and formalized water management, in the case of the Liangzhu culture of the Yangtze Delta, dated at 5,300-4,300 years cal B.P. The Liangzhu culture represented a peak of early cultural and social development predating the historically recorded Chinese dynasties; hence, this study reveals more about the ancient origins of hydraulic engineering as a core element of social, political, and economic developments. Archaeological surveys and excavations can now portray the impressive extent and structure of dams, levees, ditches, and other landscape-transforming features, supporting the ancient city of Liangzhu, with an estimated size of about 300 ha...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198288/integrating-diverse-forage-sources-reduces-feed-gaps-on-mixed-crop-livestock-farms
#19
L W Bell, A D Moore, D T Thomas
Highly variable climates induce large variability in the supply of forage for livestock and so farmers must manage their livestock systems to reduce the risk of feed gaps (i.e. periods when livestock feed demand exceeds forage supply). However, mixed crop-livestock farmers can utilise a range of feed sources on their farms to help mitigate these risks. This paper reports on the development and application of a simple whole-farm feed-energy balance calculator which is used to evaluate the frequency and magnitude of feed gaps...
December 4, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194336/international-nursing-constructing-an-advanced-practice-registered-nurse-practice-model-in-the-uae-using-innovation-to-address-cultural-implications-and-challenges-in-an-international-enterprise
#20
Sue A Behrens
Despite utilization of the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) in the United States health care system, there is little information about the introduction, utilization, and challenges of the APRN role globally, especially in the Middle East. This article will look at how one hospital in the United Arab Emirates introduced the APRN role to a health care environment of a country where it has not been recognized historically. Cultural challenges and barriers for the implementation of the role include regulatory, societal, and institutional...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
keyword
keyword
102355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"