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Ann F Minnick, Linda D Norman, Beth Donaghey
BACKGROUND: Concerns about U.S. nursing research workforce preparation and success in the research arena require information about support mechanisms and readiness because the first research position is key to researcher retention and success. PURPOSE: The purpose was to describe the state of junior nursing research faculty recruitment terms, nursing programs' support during the first 2 years of employment, and administrators' views about strengths and weaknesses of the junior nursing research faculty pool and adequacy of the support provided...
September 21, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Elena Kochetkova
This article examines the transfer of technology from Finnish enterprises to Soviet industry during the USSR's period of technological modernization between 1955 and 1964. It centers on the forestry sector, which was a particular focus of modernization programs and a key area for the transfer of foreign techniques and expertise. The aim of the article is to investigate the role of trips made by Soviet specialists to foreign (primarily Finnish) enterprises in order to illustrate the nontechnological influences that occurred during the transfer of technologies across the cold war border...
2016: Technology and Culture
Cynthia N Fuhrmann
PhD-trained biomedical scientists are moving into an increasingly diverse variety of careers within the sciences. However, our graduate and postdoctoral training programs have historically focused on academic career preparation, and have not sufficiently prepared trainees for transitioning into other scientific careers. Advocates for science have raised the concern that our collective disregard of the broader career development needs for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees could drive talent away from science in upcoming generations...
October 20, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Eric W Black-Maier, Sean D Pokorney, Adam S Barnett, Peter Liu, Peter Shrader, Jason Ng, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Wojiech Zareba, James P Daubert, Augustus O Grant, Jonathan P Piccini
AIMS: Antiarrhythmic medications for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) have limited efficacy and rare but potentially life-threatening side effects. Ranolazine is an antianginal agent that may have antiarrhythmic activity in AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Duke Enterprise Data Unified Content Explorer database, we analysed a cohort of AF patients on ranolazine. Patients served as their own historic control. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were analysed before and after ranolazine initiation to determine the effect of ranolazine on dominant frequency (DF), f-wave amplitude, and organizational index (OI)...
October 17, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Luis I Rodriquez, Todd J Smaka, Michael Mahla, Richard H Epstein
BACKGROUND: In the United States, anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) are well established, especially within academic practices. Many hospitals are replacing their stand-alone AIMS during migration to an enterprise-wide electronic health record. This presents an opportunity to review choices made during the original implementation, based on actual usage. One area amenable to this informatics approach is the configuration in the AIMS of quick buttons for typical drug doses...
October 11, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Karin Pukk Härenstam, Drew Gaffney
Most safety-critical enterprises have programs for teaching and training non-technical skills to their employees. These skills must complement pure technical skills. Programs for teaching and introducing these skills (communication, leadership, teamwork, decision-making, handling of conflicts and feed-back) are developing also in health-care. It is important that non-technical skills in combination with technical skills are seen as the foundation when developing new and safer ways to do the daily work with patients...
October 17, 2016: Läkartidningen
Richard G Malish
The Army transitioned to a Patient-Centered Medical Home concept for primary care beginning in 2011. In spite of organizational commitment to the paradigm, the transition has not been without pitfalls. This performance improvement project operated under the hypothesis that focusing on the market-based incentives of a capitated system would result in a quantum leap toward the Patient-Centered Medical Home ideal. Utilizing a simple teaching device to repetitively highlight clinic and provider behaviors incentivized in a value-based payment system, a single clinic achieved significant improvements in enrollment, patient satisfaction, and measures associated with prevention while assuming an identity as a "virtual clinic"...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Arturo Álvarez, Juan F Gamella, Iván Parra
First, this paper estimates the dimensions of the market for cannabis in Spain using data on the extent of consumption and the main patterns of use of consumers. Then the paper reviews the hypothetical production and distribution costs of these drugs in different production regimes under different legal conditions. The review shows that current prices of cannabis in the illegal market could be notably reduced if production and distribution of cannabis were decriminalized and even more if they were performed by legal enterprises...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
Alison Kretser, Delia Murphy, Johanna Dwyer
Scientific integrity is at the forefront of the scientific research enterprise. This paper provides an overview of key existing efforts on scientific integrity by federal agencies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, professional societies, and academia from 1989 to April 2016. It serves as a resource for the scientific community on scientific integrity work and helps to identify areas in which more action is needed. Overall, there is tremendous activity in this area and there are clear linkages among the efforts of the five sectors...
January 2, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
M Giovanna Merli, Ashton Verdery, Ted Mouw, Jing Li
The streams of Chinese migration to Africa are growing in tandem with rising Chinese investments and trade flows in and to the African continent. In spite of the high profile of this phenomenon in the media, there are few rich and broad descriptions of Chinese communities in Africa. Reasons for this include the rarity of official statistics on foreign-born populations in African censuses, the absence of predefined sampling frames required to draw representative samples with conventional survey methods and difficulties to reach certain segments of this population...
July 2016: Migration Studies
James M Brown, Neil R Horner, Thomas N Lawson, Tanja Fiegel, Simon Greenaway, Hugh Morgan, Natalie Ring, Luis Santos, Duncan Sneddon, Lydia Teboul, Jennifer Vibert, Gagarine Yaikhom, Henrik Westerberg, Ann-Marie Mallon
High-throughput phenotyping is a cornerstone of numerous functional genomics projects. In recent years, imaging screens have become increasingly important in understanding gene-phenotype relationships in studies of cells, tissues and whole organisms. Three-dimensional (3D) imaging has risen to prominence in the field of developmental biology for its ability to capture whole embryo morphology and gene expression, as exemplified by the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC). Large volumes of image data are being acquired by multiple institutions around the world that encompass a range of modalities, proprietary software and metadata...
October 14, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
Rachel V Rose, Joseph S Kass
This article presents a case in which a neurology group practice is considering investing in an imaging center that is owned by nonphysician investors with the aim of referring patients to this imaging center. The article reviews some important legal pitfalls in federal law that physicians must be aware of when considering such an investment and focuses on the general outlines of and exceptions to the Stark Law and the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute.
October 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Daniel Algom, Daniel Fitousi
Research in the allied domains of selective attention and perceptual independence has made great advances over the past 5 decades ensuing from the foundational ideas and research conceived by Wendell R. Garner. In particular, Garner's speeded classification paradigm has received considerable attention in psychology. The paradigm is widely used to inform research and theory in various domains of cognitive science. It was Garner who provided the consensual definition of the separable-integral partition of stimulus dimensions, delineating a set of converging operations sustaining the distinction...
October 10, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
David L Thiele, Sarah-Ellyana Aliuddin, Mike Irvine, George P McGill
A computed tomography radiation dose survey was performed within our enterprise using three age-based paediatric phantoms representing a 1, 5 and 10 years old. Twenty-seven scanners were surveyed with volume computed tomography dose index and dose length product data collected for head, chest and abdomen-pelvis protocols at each age. Reconstruction method e.g. filtered back projection (FBP) or iterative (IR) was also recorded. About two-thirds of the 1 year old FBP chest scans exceeded the national Baby diagnostic reference level (DRL)...
October 11, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
John Petruzzi, Rachelle Loyear
Enterprise Security Risk Management (ESRM) is a new philosophy and method of managing security programmes through the use of traditional risk principles. As a philosophy and life cycle, ESRM is focused on creating a business partnership between security practitioners and business leaders to more effectively provide protection against security risks in line with acceptable risk tolerances as defined by business asset owners and stakeholders. This paper explores the basics of the ESRM philosophy and life cycle and also shows how embracing the ESRM philosophy and implementing a risk-based security management model in the business organisation can lead to higher levels of organisational resilience as desired by organisation leaders, executives and the board of directors...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
Tim McCreight, Doug Leece
The convergence of physical security devices into the corporate network is increasing, due to the perceived economic benefits and efficiencies gained from using one enterprise network. Bringing these two networks together is not without risk. Physical devices like closed circuit television cameras (CCTV), card access readers, and heating, ventilation and air conditioning controllers (HVAC) are typically not secured to the standards we expect for corporate computer networks. These devices can pose significant risks to the corporate network by creating new avenues to exploit vulnerabilities in less-than-secure implementations of physical systems...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
Matthew Doherty
Acts of targeted violence - including active shooter incidents - are typically over within 15 minutes, often before the first law enforcement personnel can respond to the scene. More than a third of active shooter incidents in the USA, for example, last less than five minutes. While this stark fact is often used, with unimpeachable validity, as the cornerstone of employee security awareness training and the need for each employee to make a quick decision on whether to run, hide or fight, it also underscores the importance of another critical priority: prevention...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
Ronak Dholakia, Chandramouli Sadasivan, David Fiorella, Henry Woo, B Barry Lieber
Cerebral aneurysms are pathological focal evaginations of the arterial wall at and around the junctions of the circle of Willis. Their tenuous walls predispose aneurysms to leak or rupture leading to hemorrhagic strokes with high morbidity and mortality rates. The endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms currently includes the implantation of fine-mesh stents, called flow diverters, within the parent artery bearing the aneurysm. By mitigating flow velocities within the aneurysmal sac, the devices preferentially induce thrombus formation in the aneurysm within hours to days...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Kenneth R Kaufman, Gin S Malhi, Amanda Baxter, Kamaldeep Bhui
SUMMARY: As BJPsych Open completes its first circle around the sun and marks its first anniversary, we share with you its strengths and advantages that underpin its success as a new journal. First and foremost, the editorial team has maintained rigorous scientific standards while pursuing an open access publishing model that, by design, accommodates a broad range of clinical and scientific topics. Fundamental to BJPsych Open's mission has been our policy of accepting papers that are both methodologically sound and intellectually stimulating...
July 2016: BJPsych Open
Joseph R Linzey, Julius Griauzde, Zhe Guan, Nicole Bentley, Joseph J Gemmete, Neeraj Chaudhary, B Gregory Thompson, Aditya S Pandey
BACKGROUND: Stent-assisted coiling is commonly used to treat wide-necked and fusiform cerebral aneurysms. We evaluated our institutional experience with stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms to elucidate potential risk factors for recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms from 2005 to 2012 resulted in 122 patients with 122 aneurysms. Demographic, peri-procedural, medical comorbidity, and follow-up data were collected...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
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