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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035632/a-multi-objective-optimization-model-and-orthogonal-design-based-hybrid-heuristic-algorithm-for-regional-urban-mining-management-problems
#1
Hao Wu, Zhong Wan
In this paper, a multi-objective mixed-integer piecewise nonlinear programming model (MOMIPNLP) is built to formulate the management problem of urban mining system, where the decision variables are associated with buy-back pricing, choices of sites, transportation planning and adjustment of production capacity. Different from the existing approaches, the social negative effect, generated from structural optimization of the recycling system, is minimized in our model, as well as the total recycling profit and utility from environmental improvement are jointly maximized...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030915/political-transition-and-emergent-forest-conservation-issues-in-myanmar
#2
REVIEW
Graham W Prescott, William J Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Antony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F McCarthy, William J McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D Ziegler, Michal Zrust, Edward L Webb
Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war...
October 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030728/clinical-trial-design-and-recommendations-collectively-we-can-take-them
#3
Julie Babyar
There is dynamic opportunity to advance medical research and clinical trial innovation in the USA and throughout the world. Identified problems and solutions in the clinical research and clinical trial enterprise have emerged over recent years. Strategic plans, public reports, expertise panels and international agreements have been produced, and now is the time to move forward collectively. Recommendations should be reviewed, especially because global healthcare can take them. A robust and future medical research enterprise hinges on maximized clinical trial efficiency, both in the USA and abroad...
October 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029689/implementation-of-a-cloud-based-electronic-medical-record-exchange-system-in-compliance-with-the-integrating-healthcare-enterprise-s-cross-enterprise-document-sharing-integration-profile
#4
Chien Hua Wu, Ruey Kei Chiu, Hong Mo Yeh, Da Wei Wang
In 2011, the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Taiwan established the National Electronic Medical Record Exchange Center (EEC) to permit the sharing of medical resources among hospitals. This system can presently exchange electronic medical records (EMRs) among hospitals, in the form of medical imaging reports, laboratory test reports, discharge summaries, outpatient records, and outpatient medication records. Hospitals can send or retrieve EMRs over the virtual private network by connecting to the EEC through a gateway...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024112/a-modeling-enterprise-for-chemistry-of-indoor-environments-cie
#5
EDITORIAL
G C Morrison, N Carslaw, M S Waring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017872/anaerobic-digestion-of-cheese-whey-energetic-and-nutritional-potential-for-the-dairy-sector-in-developing-countries
#6
H Escalante, L Castro, M P Amaya, L Jaimes, J Jaimes-Estévez
Cheese whey (CW) is the main waste generated in the cheesemaking process and has high organic matter content and acidity. Therefore, CW disposal is a challenge for small to medium enterprises (SMEs) in the dairy industry that do not have any type of treatment plant. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an attractive process for solving this problem. The aim of this research was to determine the biomethane and struvite precipitation potentials of CW from four dairy SMEs. First, changes in CW properties (organic matter and pH) were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016828/workers-health-surveillance-implementation-of-the-directive-89-391-eec-in-europe
#7
C Colosio, S Mandic-Rajcevic, L Godderis, G van der Laan, C Hulshof, F van Dijk
Background: European Union (EU) Directive 89/391 addressed occupational health surveillance, which recommends to provide workers with 'access to health surveillance at regular intervals', aiming to prevent work-related and occupational diseases. Aims: To investigate how EU countries adopted this Directive. Methods: We invited one selected representative per member state to complete a questionnaire. Results: All 28 EU countries implemented the Directive in some form...
August 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993802/glycemia-is-related-to-impaired-cerebrovascular-autoregulation-after-severe-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-observational-study
#8
Adam M H Young, Hadie Adams, Joseph Donnelly, Mathew R Guilfoyle, Helen Fernandes, Mathew R Garnett, Marek Czosnyka, Peter Smielewski, Mark Plummer, Shruti Agrawal, Peter J Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION: A strong association exists between hyperglycemia and outcome in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Herein, we describe observations of serum markers of glucose metabolism in a cohort of pediatric TBI patients and how these variables are related to parameters of intracranial pathophysiology. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on pediatric severe TBI patients admitted to Addenbrookes Hospital Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) between January 2001 and December 2013...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990670/measuring-consumers-interest-in-instant-fortified-pearl-millet-products-a-field-experiment-in-touba-senegal
#9
Hugo De Groote, Sarah W Kariuki, Djibril Traore, John R N Taylor, Mario Ferruzzi, Bruce R Hamaker
BACKGROUND: In Africa, food-processing industries are emerging fast, especially for cereals. New low-cost extrusion cookers give small enterprises an opportunity to enter the market for processed cereal products, in particular instant, fortified and flavored mixes. Before engaging in the marketing of these products, consumers' interest needs to be assessed. This study used a combination of affective tests and experimental auctions with 200 consumers in Touba, Senegal to evaluate four new products with conventional pearl millet flour as the control: instant pearl millet flour, instant pearl millet flour with added dry mango and carrot powder (naturally fortified), and the previous products with added conventional chemical micronutrient fortificants...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986915/globalizing-genomics-the-origins-of-the-international-nucleotide-sequence-database-collaboration
#10
Hallam Stevens
Genomics is increasingly considered a global enterprise - the fact that biological information can flow rapidly around the planet is taken to be important to what genomics is and what it can achieve. However, the large-scale international circulation of nucleotide sequence information did not begin with the Human Genome Project. Efforts to formalize and institutionalize the circulation of sequence information emerged concurrently with the development of centralized facilities for collecting that information...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984633/homeopathy-as-boundary-object-and-distributed-therapeutic-agency-a-discussion-on-the-homeopathic-placebo-response
#11
Cosima Rughiniş, Alexandra Ciocănel, Sorina Vasile
BACKGROUND: We discuss homeopathy's placebo effect as the result of a distributed therapeutic agency involving humans, objects, and texts. Homeopathy has been involved in controversies for centuries, and the dispute whether it is therapy or quackery is as lively as ever. Still, homeopathy has retained significant popularity and acceptance within the medical establishment. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: We bracket the issue of biochemical effectiveness of homeopathic remedies as we only discuss homeopathy's potential to elicit a placebo response within its therapeutic alliance, in virtue of its social, symbolic, and material features...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983835/biomedical-big-data-new-models-of-control-over-access-use-and-governance
#12
Effy Vayena, Alessandro Blasimme
Empirical evidence suggests that while people hold the capacity to control their data in high regard, they increasingly experience a loss of control over their data in the online world. The capacity to exert control over the generation and flow of personal information is a fundamental premise to important values such as autonomy, privacy, and trust. In healthcare and clinical research this capacity is generally achieved indirectly, by agreeing to specific conditions of informational exposure. Such conditions can be openly stated in informed consent documents or be implicit in the norms of confidentiality that govern the relationships of patients and healthcare professionals...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982348/a-global-survey-on-occupational-health-services-in-selected-international-commission-on-occupational-health-icoh-member-countries
#13
Jorma Rantanen, Suvi Lehtinen, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
BACKGROUND: The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), and the European Union (EU) have encouraged countries to organize occupational health services (OHS) for all working people irrespective of the sector of economy, size of enterprise or mode of employment of the worker. The objective of this study was to survey the status of OHS in a sample of countries from all continents...
October 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981673/economic-risk-of-bee-pollination-in-maine-wild-blueberry-vaccinium-angustifolium
#14
Eric Asare, Aaron K Hoshide, Francis A Drummond, George K Criner, Xuan Chen
Recent pollinator declines highlight the importance of evaluating economic risk of agricultural systems heavily dependent on rented honey bees or native pollinators. Our study analyzed variability of native bees and honey bees, and the risks these pose to profitability of Maine's wild blueberry industry. We used cross-sectional data from organic, low-, medium-, and high-input wild blueberry producers in 1993, 1997-1998, 2005-2007, and from 2011 to 2015 (n = 162 fields). Data included native and honey bee densities (count/m2/min) and honey bee stocking densities (hives/ha)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980153/a-method-to-determine-the-protection-zone-of-chemical-industrial-park-considering-air-quality-health-risk-and-environmental-risk-a-case-study
#15
Jingang Shi, Mingbo Zhang, Dong Li, Jia Liu
In China, chemical enterprises are required to cluster into a large number of chemical industrial parks (CIPs), which increase risks and threats to the environment and human being's health due to aggregation of the complicated chemical process and huge unit scale. Setting a scientific and reasonable protection zone around CIP is a very efficient way to protect surrounding people's health. A method was designed to determine the comprehensive protection zone of CIP, taking into account multiple factors: air quality, health risk and environmental risk...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980089/estimation-of-leaf-area-index-using-worldview-2-and-aster-satellite-image-a-case-study-from-turkey
#16
Alkan Günlü, Sedat Keleş, İlker Ercanlı, Muammer Şenyurt
The objective of this study is to estimate the leaf area index (LAI) of a forest ecosystem using two different satellite images, WorldView-2 and Aster. For this purpose, 108 sample plots were taken from pure Crimean pine forest stands of Yenice Forest Management Planning Unit in Ilgaz Forest Management Enterprise, Turkey. Each sample plot was imaged with hemispherical photographs with a fish-eye camera to determine the LAI. These photographs were analyzed with the help of Hemisfer Hemiview software program, and thus, the LAI of each sample plot was estimated...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976287/child-work-safety-on-the-farms-of-local-agricultural-market-producers-parent-and-child-perspectives
#17
Phillip Summers, Sara A Quandt, Chaya R Spears Johnson, Thomas A Arcury
Agriculture is a hazardous industry, yet there are few regulations on the ages at which children may engage in farm work. Local agricultural market producers (LAMP) are a growing subset of farmers within "sustainable agriculture" who engage in direct-to-consumer and direct-to-retailer enterprises. This study explores the occupational health and safety perceptions of parents and children for children who work on their families' LAMP farms. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 parent-child dyads from LAMP farms in Illinois and North Carolina...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972037/messy-entanglements-research-assemblages-in-heart-transplantation-discourses-and-practices
#18
Margrit Shildrick, Andrew Carnie, Alexa Wright, Patricia McKeever, Emily Huan-Ching Jan, Enza De Luca, Ingrid Bachmann, Susan Abbey, Dana Dal Bo, Jennifer Poole, Tammer El-Sheikh, Heather Ross
The paper engages with a variety of data around a supposedly single biomedical event, that of heart transplantation. In conventional discourse, organ transplantation constitutes an unproblematised form of spare part surgery in which failing biological components are replaced by more efficient and enduring ones, but once that simple picture is complicated by employing a radically interdisciplinary approach, any biomedical certainty is profoundly disrupted. Our aim, as a cross-sectorial partnership, has been to explore the complexities of heart transplantation by explicitly entangling research from the arts, biosciences and humanities without privileging any one discourse...
September 28, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970603/leadership-and-management-are-one-and-the-same
#19
Neelam Azad, H Glenn Anderson, Amie Brooks, Oscar Garza, Christine O'Neil, Misty M Stutz, Jenelle L Sobotka
Defining the attributes of change catalysts within high functioning organizations, including the academic enterprise, is desirable. An understanding of these attributes within our academy may foster faculty interest and engagement in seeking administrative roles and serve to bolster succession planning within our schools. On one hand, there have been numerous publications teasing out the purported differences between leadership and management. On the other hand, does segregating these important characteristics based upon arbitrary distinctions do more harm than good? This commentary represents the work of a group of academic leaders participating in the 2015-2016 AACP Academic Leadership Fellowship Program...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966692/wearable-technology-role-in-respiratory-health-and-disease
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Aliverti
In the future, diagnostic devices will be able to monitor a patient's physiological or biochemical parameters continuously, under natural physiological conditions and in any environment through wearable biomedical sensors. Together with apps that capture and interpret data, and integrated enterprise and cloud data repositories, the networks of wearable devices and body area networks will constitute the healthcare's Internet of Things. In this review, four main areas of interest for respiratory healthcare are described: pulse oximetry, pulmonary ventilation, activity tracking and air quality assessment...
June 2017: Breathe
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