keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Enterprise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727105/analysis-of-the-gut-bacterial-communities-in-beef-cattle-and-their-association-with-feed-intake-growth-and-efficiency
#1
P R Myer, H C Freetly, J E Wells, T P L Smith, L A Kuehn
The impetus behind the global food security challenge is direct, with the necessity to feed almost 10 billion people by 2050. Developing a food-secure world, where people have access to a safe and sustainable food supply, is the principal goal of this challenge. To achieve this end, beef production enterprises must develop methods to produce more pounds of animal protein with less. Selection for feed-efficient beef cattle using genetic improvement technologies has helped to understand and improve the stayability and longevity of such traits within the herd...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726437/anti-profit-beliefs-how-people-neglect-the-societal-benefits-of-profit
#2
Amit Bhattacharjee, Jason Dana, Jonathan Baron
Profit-seeking firms are stereotypically depicted as immoral and harmful to society. At the same time, profit-driven enterprise has contributed immensely to human prosperity. Though scholars agree that profit can incentivize societally beneficial behaviors, people may neglect this possibility. In 7 studies, we show that people see business profit as necessarily in conflict with social good, a view we call anti-profit beliefs. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that U.S. participants hold anti-profit views of real U...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720188/the-importance-of-the-study-of-cognitive-performance-enhancement-for-u-s-national-security
#3
Richard G Malish
The American military is embarking on the 'Third Offset'-a strategy designed to produce seismic shifts in the future of warfare. Central to the approach is the conjoining of humans, technology, and machines to deliver a decisive advantage on the battlefield. Because technology will spread rapidly and globally, tactical overmatch will occur when American operators possess a competitive edge in cognition. Investigation of cognitive enhancing therapeutics is not widely articulated as an adjunct to the Third Offset, yet failure to study promising agents could represent a strategic vulnerability...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715295/prevalence-of-home-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-in-the-united-states
#4
Manpreet S Mundi, Adele Pattinson, Megan T McMahon, Jacob Davidson, Ryan T Hurt
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Studies continue to reveal significant clinical benefits with nutrition support, including improved wound healing, reduction in complications and length of stay, and mortality. Due to these benefits, the prevalence of home parenteral and enteral nutrition (HPEN) continues to increase worldwide. In the United States, given our healthcare insurance landscape, it has been very difficult to ascertain the true prevalence of HPEN...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713195/work-education-mismatch-an-endogenous-theory-of-professionalization
#5
Navid Ghaffarzadegan, Yi Xue, Richard C Larson
We model the education-workforce pipeline and offer an endogenous theory of professionalization and ever-higher degree attainment. We introduce two mechanisms that act on the education enterprise, causing the number of educated people to increase dramatically with relatively short-term changes in the job market. Using our illustrative dynamic model, we argue that the system is susceptible to small changes and the introduced self-driving growth engines are adequate to over-incentivize degree attainment. We also show that the mechanisms magnify effects of short-term recessions or technological changes, and create long-term waves of mismatch between workforce and jobs...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Operational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712954/social-media-platforms-and-heart-failure
#6
R Jay Widmer, Makala K Arce, Lee A Aase, Farris K Timimi
With the pervasive use of the internet and social media, the potential applicability toward patients with heart failure (HF) remains understudied. Here, we outline the general use of social media and some early work utilizing social media as well as data from our own Mayo Clinic Center for Social Media experience. Both enterprise-wide social media data as well as those specific to HF-related pages and posts appear to support the preferential use of Facebook and YouTube for potential benefit in patients with HF...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699788/allogeneic-cell-therapy-manufacturing-process-development-technologies-and-facility-design-options
#7
Saeed Abbasalizadeh, Mohammad Pakzad, Joaquim M S Cabral, Hossein Baharvand
Currently, promising outcomes from clinical trials of allogeneic cells, especially allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells, fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and human cardiac stem cells, have encouraged research institutions, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), and big pharmaceutical companies to invest and focus on developing allogeneic cell therapy products. Commercial and large-scale production of allogeneic cell therapy products requires unique capabilities to develop technologies that generate safe and effective allogeneic cells/cell lines and their fully characterized master/working banks...
July 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699572/oriental-metrology-and-the-politics-of-antiquity-in-nineteenth-century-survey-sciences
#8
Simon Schaffer
Argument Metrological techniques to establish shared quantitative measures have often been seen as signs of rational modernization. The cases considered here show instead the close relation of such techniques with antiquarian and revivalist programs under imperial regimes. Enterprises in survey sciences in Egypt in the wake of the French invasion of 1798 and in India during the East India Company's revenue surveys involved the promotion of a new kind of oriental metrology designed to represent colonizers' measures as restorations of ancient values to be applied to current systems of survey and measurement...
June 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696857/use-of-radiology-procedure-codes-in-health-care-the-need-for-standardization-and-structure
#9
Kenneth C Wang, Jigar B Patel, Bimal Vyas, Michael Toland, Beverly Collins, Daniel J Vreeman, Swapna Abhyankar, Eliot L Siegel, Daniel L Rubin, Curtis P Langlotz
Radiology procedure codes are a fundamental part of most radiology workflows, such as ordering, scheduling, billing, and image interpretation. Nonstandardized unstructured procedure codes have typically been used in radiology departments. Such codes may be sufficient for specific purposes, but they offer limited support for interoperability. As radiology workflows and the various forms of clinical data exchange have become more sophisticated, the need for more advanced interoperability with use of standardized structured codes has increased...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694719/ethical-issues-in-publishing-in-predatory-journals
#10
REVIEW
Lorraine E Ferris, Margaret A Winker
Predatory journals, or journals that charge an article processing charge (APC) to authors, yet do not have the hallmarks of legitimate scholarly journals such as peer review and editing, Editorial Boards, editorial offices, and other editorial standards, pose a number of new ethical issues in journal publishing. This paper discusses ethical issues around predatory journals and publishing in them. These issues include misrepresentation; lack of editorial and publishing standards and practices; academic deception; research and funding wasted; lack of archived content; and undermining confidence in research literature...
June 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692754/rapid-sensory-profiling-and-hedonic-rating-of-whole-grain-sorghum-cowpea-composite-biscuits-by-low-income-consumers
#11
Koya A P Dovi, Constance Chiremba, John R N Taylor, Henriëtta L de Kock
BACKGROUND: The challenges of malnutrition and urbanization in Africa demand development of acceptable, affordable, nutritious complementary-type foods. Biscuits (cookies), a popular snack, from whole grain staples is an option. The objective was to relate check-all-that-applies (CATA) sensory profiles of sorghum-cowpea composite biscuits compared to economic commercial refined wheat biscuits with hedonic ratings by low income consumers. In addition, the nutritional composition and protein quality, L*a*b* colour and texture of the biscuits were determined...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688200/conflicts-of-interest-in-emergency-medicine
#12
Joel Martin Geiderman, Kenneth V Iserson, Catherine A Marco, John Jesus, Arvind Venkat
Conflicts of interest are common in the practice of emergency medicine and may be present in the areas of clinical practice, relations with industry, expert witness testimony, medical education, research, and organizations. A conflict of interest occurs when there is dissonance between a primary interest and another interest. The concept of professionalism in medicine places the patient as the primary interest in any interaction with a physician. We contend that patient welfare is the ultimate interest in the entire enterprise of medicine...
July 8, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685213/telemedicine-and-its-transformation-of-emergency-care-a-case-study-of-one-of-the-largest-us-integrated-healthcare-delivery-systems
#13
Rahul Sharma, Peter Fleischut, Daniel Barchi
Innovative methods for delivering healthcare via the use of technology are rapidly growing. Despite the passage of the Affordable Care Act, emergency department visits have continued to rise nationally. Healthcare systems must devise solutions to face these increasing volumes and also deliver high quality care. In response to the changing healthcare landscape, New York Presbyterian Hospital has implemented a comprehensive enterprise wide digital health portfolio which includes the first mobile stroke treatment unit on the east coast and the first emergency department-based digital emergency care program in New York City...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684631/peer-review-practices-for-evaluating-biomedical-research-grants-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Lucy Liaw, Jane E Freedman, Lance B Becker, Nehal N Mehta, Laura Liscum
The biomedical research enterprise depends on the fair and objective peer review of research grants, leading to the distribution of resources through efficient and robust competitive methods. In the United States, federal funding agencies and foundations collectively distribute billions of dollars annually to support biomedical research. For the American Heart Association, a Peer Review Subcommittee is charged with establishing the highest standards for peer review. This scientific statement reviews the current literature on peer review practices, describes the current American Heart Association peer review process and those of other agencies, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of American Heart Association peer review practices, and recommends best practices for the future...
July 6, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681627/the-publication-of-newton-s-opera-omnia-in-geneva-and-lausanne-1739-1761-a-chapter-in-the-reception-of-newtonianism
#15
Niccolò Guicciardini
During the eighteenth century, several towns located in what is known today as the Suisse romande were extremely receptive toward scientific culture, and most notably Newtonianism. In this paper I deal with a nine-volume publication of Newton's Opera Omnia that was planned in Geneva and Lausanne during the late 1730s and 1740s. This publication has not received the attention it deserves. To the best of my knowledge, even an awareness of its existence is lacking in the literature devoted to the reception of Newtonianism...
July 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678577/the-evolution-of-enterprise-imaging-and-the-role-of-the-radiologist-in-the-new-world
#16
Cheryl A Petersilge
OBJECTIVE: The concept of enterprise imaging is part of the next frontier in the evolution of health care technology. Incorporating all medical images into a single location integrated with electronic medical records supports care coordination and the ideal of a comprehensive longitudinal medical record. CONCLUSION: Radiologists have tremendous value to offer in support of the new concept of enterprise imaging, which extends outside the radiology department to encompass all image producers in a health care enterprise...
July 5, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677089/policy-and-prevention-approaches-for-disordered-and-hazardous-gaming-and-internet-use-an-international-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro, Young Yim Doh, Anise M S Wu, Daria J Kuss, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Mentzoni, Natacha Carragher, Hiroshi Sakuma
Problems related to high levels of gaming and Internet usage are increasingly recognized as a potential public health burden across the developed world. The aim of this review was to present an international perspective on prevention strategies for Internet gaming disorder and related health conditions (e.g., Internet addiction), as well as hazardous gaming and Internet use. A systematic review of quantitative research evidence was conducted, followed by a search of governmental reports, policy and position statements, and health guidelines in the last decade...
July 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676751/the-role-of-autobiographical-memory-in-the-development-of-a-robot-self
#18
Gregoire Pointeau, Peter Ford Dominey
This article briefly reviews research in cognitive development concerning the nature of the human self. It then reviews research in developmental robotics that has attempted to retrace parts of the developmental trajectory of the self. This should be of interest to developmental psychologists, and researchers in developmental robotics. As a point of departure, one of the most characteristic aspects of human social interaction is cooperation-the process of entering into a joint enterprise to achieve a common goal...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675655/current-status-and-open-issues-concerning-global-clinical-trials-gcts-in-japan-and-east-asia
#19
Koichi Miyazaki, Yasunori Sato, Hideki Hanaoka, Yoshiaki Uyama
When global clinical trials are carried out, it is important to consider the influence of racial and ethnic differences on the outcome. From this viewpoint, global clinical trials in East Asia, where racial differences are estimated to be small, are now attracting close attention. Under such circumstances, we conducted a survey using the data registered with ClinicalTrial.gov to investigate the status of participation of East Asian countries in global clinical trials and differences in the regions selected for drug development between Japanese enterprises and non-Japanese enterprises...
July 4, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673649/if-you-build-it-they-will-come-how-to-establish-an-academic-innovation-enterprise
#20
Govindarajan Srimathveeravalli, Elie Balesh, Christopher P Cheng, David Chen
The rapid growth of minimally invasive, image-guided intervention has redefined the procedural management of multiple disease entities. The process of innovation which has characterized the growth of interventional radiology can be best described as "needs-based," whereby practicing interventionalists identify unmet clinical needs and subsequently invent solutions to achieve desired technical and clinical outcomes. Historically, catheters and other percutaneous devices were developed with rudimentary manufacturing techniques and subsequently translated to patients with relatively little regulatory oversight...
June 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
keyword
keyword
102355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"