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Child OR children AND understanding AND questions AND English

Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Ashley E Smith, Julia Hudnut-Beumler, Seth J Scholer
Objectives Inappropriate discipline such as harsh physical punishment is a social determinant of health. The objective was to determine if a brief parent training intervention that teaches discipline strategies is culturally sensitive. Methods English or Spanish-speaking parents of 1-5 year old children viewed a multimedia program that teaches appropriate discipline strategies. The intervention, Play Nicely, was viewed in the exam room before the physician's visit. Parents viewed 4 of 20 discipline strategies of their choosing; the average viewing time was 7 min...
July 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Shabnam Abdoola
BACKGROUND: Current speech language assessment and intervention measures are not always culturally valid, as they are not standardised specifically for the various cultural groups within the South African population; and thus need to be adapted. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the appropriateness and utility of translations of the Ages & Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) instrument (60 month age group) from English to the Hindi language and culture, which is represented in South Africa...
June 6, 2015: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
Chris Brebner, Paul McCormack, Susan Rickard Liow
BACKGROUND: The phonological and morphosyntactic structures of English and Mandarin contrast maximally and an increasing number of bilinguals speak these two languages. Speech and language therapists need to understand bilingual development for children speaking these languages in order reliably to assess and provide intervention for this population. AIMS: To examine the marking of verb tense in the English of two groups of bilingual pre-schoolers learning these languages in a multilingual setting where the main educational language is English...
January 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Eva Krapohl, Kaili Rimfeld, Nicholas G Shakeshaft, Maciej Trzaskowski, Andrew McMillan, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Kathryn Asbury, Nicole Harlaar, Yulia Kovas, Philip S Dale, Robert Plomin
Because educational achievement at the end of compulsory schooling represents a major tipping point in life, understanding its causes and correlates is important for individual children, their families, and society. Here we identify the general ingredients of educational achievement using a multivariate design that goes beyond intelligence to consider a wide range of predictors, such as self-efficacy, personality, and behavior problems, to assess their independent and joint contributions to educational achievement...
October 21, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Regina Tangerino de Souza Jacob, Tacianne Kriscia Machado Alves, Adriane Lima Mortari Moret, Marina Morettin, Larissa Germiniani Dos Santos, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli
PURPOSE: Translate and adapt to Portuguese the Classroom Participation Questionnaire (CPQ) and compare the participation in regular classroom of students with hearing impairment with and without the use of frequency modulation (FM) System. METHODS: The translation and adaptation of CPQ included the translation into Portuguese, linguistic adaptation and review of grammatical and idiomatic equivalences. The questionnaire was administered to 15 children and teenagers using hearing aids (HA) and/or cochlear implant (CI), fitted with personal FM System...
July 2014: CoDAS
Katharine E Zuckerman, Brianna Sinche, Martiza Cobian, Marlene Cervantes, Angie Mejia, Thomas Becker, Christina Nicolaidis
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been linked to improved long-term developmental outcomes. However, Latino children are diagnosed later than white non-Latino children. We aimed to qualitatively assess the understanding and conceptualization of ASD in the Latino community to understand potential community barriers to early diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted 5 focus groups and 4 qualitative interviews with 30 parents of typically developing Latino children in Oregon...
October 2014: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sheyla R C Furtado, Rosana F Sampaio, Daniela V Vaz, Brena A S Pinho, Isabella O Nascimento, Marisa C Mancini
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are essential for the characterization of human functioning and disability; however, the shortage of standardized instruments to assess environmental factors has limited the design of scientific investigations directed at identifying barriers to and facilitators of social participation of people with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: To translate to Brazilian Portuguese, cross-culturally adapt, and verify the reliability of an environmental assessment questionnaire, entitled Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors (CHIEF)...
May 2014: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Maria Inês Vieira Couto, Ana Claudia Martinho Carvalho
PURPOSE: To identify and analyze factors that influence the participation of parents in the rehabilitation process of children with cochlear implants (CI). RESEARCH STRATEGY: Question formulation and articles selection in three databases using the following keywords: cochlear implant (implante coclear) and parents (pais). SELECTION CRITERIA: Complete original articles published in Brazilian Portuguese or English, with direct participation of parents of children with CI...
2013: CoDAS
Valerie M Muller, Rita V Burke, Helen Arbogast, Perla C Ruiz, Nellie M Nunez, Katherine R San Mateo, Francesca Cazzulino, Jeffrey S Upperman
BACKGROUND: Child passenger restraint systems have been found to greatly reduce the risk of injury and death among child passengers. However, nearly half of the children who died in 2009 as a result of motor vehicle crashes were completely unrestrained. Our global hypothesis is that parents and other caregivers failed to restrain children due to a lack of child passenger seat education and practice. In this report, we postulate that a car seat class will improve the basic understanding of child passenger safety...
February 2014: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Michelle Johnson-Motoyama
Past research has identified "paradoxes" in infant health and child welfare services involvement, whereby children of Latinos and immigrants often demonstrate better health and decreased risk for child protective services involvement when compared to whites of similar socioeconomic position. This population-based study examined whether a paradox exists among immigrant and U.S.-born Latino caregivers in the prevalence and magnitude of risks to child well-being when compared to whites of similar socioeconomic position...
June 2014: Child Abuse & Neglect
Deborah Tomlinson, Tanya Hesser, Anne-Marie Maloney, Sandra Ross, Ahmed Naqvi, Lillian Sung
PURPOSE: We previously developed a pediatric-specific measure of oral mucositis named the Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES). Availability as an electronic version may improve self-report response rates. The objectives were to develop an electronic version of ChIMES (eChIMES) and to determine whether the instrument is easy to use, understandable, and suitable for measuring mucositis among children and adolescents with cancer. METHODS: Development of eChIMES was on an iPad; the initial version was piloted with ten children to refine instructions for use and presentation...
January 2014: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
I Carrard, M Kruseman, D Di Capua, V Suringar, C Chamay Weber
Binge eating disorder is often associated with obesity. It has many psychosocial and somatic consequences and affects obesity treatment outcome. Binge eating has been observed in very young populations. Studies have shown that complications associated with binge eating disorder can appear in children, even when all the criteria included in the definition of the disorder for adults are not met. Therefore, provisional criteria have been proposed to investigate binge eating disorder among children and adolescents...
October 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Amra Hadzipasic-Nazdrajic
BACKGROUND: Paediatric oral disorders are numerous and it can be assumed that those have negative effect on the life quality in children. From 2002 to 2006 were developed the life quality measures for children aged 8-10 and 11-14 years, Child Perceptions Questionnaires, CPQs. Those are the components of the Child Oral Health Quality of Life Questionnaire (COHQOL). AIM: The aim of this study was to translate the CPQ for children 8 to 10 years into the one of the languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina, to cross-culturaly adapt the instrument, and to evaluate its comprehensibility among Bosnian language speaking children...
2012: Materia Socio-medica
Colleen E Fitzgerald, Pamela A Hadley, Matthew Rispoli
PURPOSE: Evidence for tense marking in child-directed speech varies both across languages ( Guasti, 2002; Legate & Yang, 2007) and across speakers of a single language ( Hadley, Rispoli, Fitzgerald, & Bahnsen, 2011). The purpose of this study was to understand how parent interaction styles and register use overlap with the tense-marking properties of child-directed speech. This study investigated how parent interaction style, measured by utterance function, and parent register use when asking questions interacted with verb forms in child-directed input to identify interaction styles associated with the richest grammatical input...
August 2013: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Allison N Herman, Khushi Malhotra, Gretchen Wright, Jennifer O Fisher, Robert C Whitaker
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children has increased, especially among those in low-income households. Two promising behavioral targets for preventing obesity include limiting children's portion sizes and their intake of foods high in solid fats and/or added sugars, but these approaches have not been studied in low-income preschoolers in the home setting. The purpose of this study was to understand the contextual factors that might influence how low-income mothers felt about addressing these behavioral targets and mothers' aspirations in feeding their children...
2012: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Alice M Horowitz, Min Qi Wang, Dushanka V Kleinman
Communication practices of dental care providers are especially important to provider-patient and provider-caregiver communication because most patients report that they obtain oral health information from their dentist. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of English-speaking Maryland adults who had a child 6 years and younger in the home about the communication practices of their dentists and staff. Five questions from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey were included in a random digit dial telephone survey administered in March and April 2010...
2012: Journal of Health Communication
Shawn J Rangel, Casey M Calkins, Robert A Cowles, Douglas C Barnhart, Eunice Y Huang, Fizan Abdullah, Marjorie J Arca, Daniel H Teitelbaum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review evidence-based data addressing key clinical questions regarding parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in children. DATA SOURCE: Data were obtained from PubMed, Medicine databases of the English literature (up to October 2010), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: The review of PNAC/PNALD has been divided into 4 areas to simplify one's understanding of the current knowledge regarding the pathogenesis and treatment of this disease: (1) nonnutrient risk factors associated with PNAC, (2) PNAC and lipid emulsions, (3) nutritional (nonlipid) considerations in the prevention of PNAC, and (4) supplemental medications in the prevention and treatment of PNAC...
January 2012: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ricardo M Fernandes, Brígida Robalo, Cláudia Calado, Susana Medeiros, Ana Saianda, Joana Figueira, Rui Rodrigues, Cristina Bastardo, Teresa Bandeira
BACKGROUND: Most epidemiological studies on pediatric asthma rely on the report of "wheezing" in questionnaires. Our aim was to investigate the understanding of this term by parents and health professionals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in hospital and community settings within the south of Portugal. Parents or caregivers self-completed a written questionnaire with information on social characteristics and respiratory history. Multiple choice questions assessed their understanding of "wheezing"...
2011: BMC Pediatrics
Taís de Souza Barbosa, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião
The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ(11-14)) is a self-administered instrument for the assessment of oral health-related quality of life in children. The objective of this study was to translate and adapt the questionnaire for use in Brazil. The questionnaire was translated from the English original into Brazilian Portuguese using the back-translation method (English/Portuguese/English), followed by evaluation by the review committee and cultural adaptation in a sample of 20 children. Eleven- to fourteen-year-old children did not understand some questions of the questionnaire...
July 2011: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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