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scene recognition

Xiaoyang Wang, Qiang Ji
Current video event recognition research remains largely target-centered. For real-world surveillance videos, targetcentered event recognition faces great challenges due to large intra-class target variation, limited image resolution, and poor detection and tracking results. To mitigate these challenges, we introduced a context-augmented video event recognition approach. Specifically, we explicitly capture different types of contexts from three levels including image level, semantic level, and prior level. At the image level, we introduce two types of contextual features including the appearance context features and interaction context features to capture the appearance of context objects and their interactions with the target objects...
October 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Harun Karimpur, Kai Hamburger
Spatial representations are a result of multisensory information integration. More recent findings suggest that the multisensory information processing of a scene can be facilitated when paired with a semantically congruent auditory signal. This congruency effect was taken as evidence that audio-visual integration occurs for complex scenes. As navigation in our environment consists of a seamless integration of complex sceneries, a fundamental question arises: how is human landmark-based wayfinding affected by multimodality? In order to address this question, two experiments were conducted in a virtual environment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Simon J Hazenberg, Rob van Lier
In three experiments, we investigated the influence of object-specific sounds on haptic scene recognition without vision. Blindfolded participants had to recognize, through touch, spatial scenes comprising six objects that were placed on a round platform. Critically, in half of the trials, object-specific sounds were played when objects were touched (bimodal condition), while sounds were turned off in the other half of the trials (unimodal condition). After first exploring the scene, two objects were swapped and the task was to report, which of the objects swapped positions...
July 2016: I-Perception
Katja Weibert, Richard J Harris, Alexandra Mitchell, Hollie Byrne, Andrew W Young, Timothy J Andrews
The ability to recognise familiar faces with ease across different viewing conditions contrasts with the inherent difficulty in the perception of unfamiliar faces across similar image manipulations. Models of face processing suggest that this difference is based on the neural representation for familiar faces being more invariant to changes in the image, than it is for unfamiliar faces. Here, we used an fMR-adaptation paradigm to investigate neural correlates of image-invariant face recognition in face-selective regions of the human brain...
September 10, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Nicolas Robitaille, Philip L Jackson, Luc J Hébert, Catherine Mercier, Laurent J Bouyer, Shirley Fecteau, Carol L Richards, Bradford J McFadyen
PURPOSE: This proof of concept study tested the ability of a dual task walking protocol using a recently developed avatar-based virtual reality (VR) platform to detect differences between military personnel post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and healthy controls. METHODS: The VR platform coordinated motion capture, an interaction and rendering system, and a projection system to present first (participant-controlled) and third person avatars within the context of a specific military patrol scene...
September 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Celia O Fidalgo, Alana T Changoor, Elizabeth Page-Gould, Andy C H Lee, Morgan D Barense
There is an ongoing debate regarding the nature of memory deficits that occur in the early stages of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MCI has been associated with atrophy to regions that process objects, namely perirhinal and lateral entorhinal cortices. However, it is currently unclear whether older adults with early MCI will show memory deficits that are specific to objects, or whether they will also show memory deficits for other stimulus classes, such as scenes. We tested 75 older adults using an object and scene recognition task with stimulus-specific interference (i...
September 20, 2016: Hippocampus
Shaan S Shahabuddin, Steven M Smith
Our experiment examined two questions: (1) Does reinstating a studied context affect recognition of an associated word, and (2) Does reinstating a studied word affect recognition of an associated context? After encoding 75 words, each of which was shown superimposed over a different 5-sec video of an environment (e.g., a playground, a traffic scene, or a grocery store), participants were asked to recognize 50 of the words and 50 of the video scenes. On the test, half of the studied words were shown superimposed over the same video contexts that had been present at encoding, and half were shown over new scenes...
October 2016: Journal of General Psychology
James R Anderson, Xavier Hubert-Brierre, William C McGrew
We describe behaviors of unhabituated wild chimpanzees in Gabon during repeated encounters with large mirrors installed permanently in their home range. Movement in proximity to the mirrors triggered video cameras that recorded the scene. Data are presented for 51 mirror encounters spanning a 3-year period. After initial wariness, mirror-directed aggressive behaviors were common, especially in adult males, but aggression gradually diminished and eventually almost completely ceased. Focusing on the two mirrors that elicited most reactions, the percentage of chimpanzees showing tension or anxiety also decreased across encounters...
September 14, 2016: Primates; Journal of Primatology
Inês Bramão, Mikael Johansson
This study investigated context-dependent episodic memory retrieval. An influential idea in the memory literature is that performance benefits when the retrieval context overlaps with the original encoding context. However, such memory facilitation may not be driven by the encoding-retrieval overlap per se but by the presence of diagnostic features in the reinstated context that discriminate the target episode from competing episodes. To test this prediction, the encoding-retrieval overlap and the diagnostic value of the context were manipulated in a novel associative recognition memory task...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Yirui Wu, Palaiahnakote Shivakumara, Tong Lu, Chew Lim Tan, Michael Blumenstein, Govindaraj Hemantha Kumar
Text recognition in video/natural scene images has gained significant attention in the field of image processing in many computer vision applications, which is much more challenging than recognition in plain background images. In this paper, we aim to restore complete character contours in video/scene images from gray values, in contrast to the conventional techniques that consider edge images/binary information as inputs for text detection and recognition. We explore and utilize the strengths of zero crossing points given by the Laplacian to identify stroke candidate pixels (SPC)...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Yu Zhang, Li Cheng, Jianxin Wu, Jianfei Cai, Minh Do, Jiangbo Lu
We focus on the problem of still image-based human action recognition, which essentially involves making prediction by analyzing human poses and their interaction with objects in the scene. Besides image-level action labels (e.g., riding, phoning), during both training and testing stages, existing works usually require additional input of human bounding-boxes to facilitate the characterization of the underlying human-object interactions. We argue that this additional input requirement might severely discourage potential applications and is not very necessary...
September 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Atsuko Takashima, Frauke van der Ven, Marijn C W Kroes, Guillén Fernández
It is well documented that emotionally arousing experiences are better remembered than mundane events. This is thought to occur through hippocampus-amygdala crosstalk during encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. Here we investigated whether emotional events (context) also cause a memory benefit for simultaneously encoded non-arousing contents and whether this effect persists after a delay via recruitment of a similar hippocampus-amygdala network. Participants studied neutral pictures (content) encoded together with either an arousing or a neutral sound (that served as context) in two study sessions three days apart...
September 1, 2016: NeuroImage
Erica Kreindel, Helene Intraub
Behavioral and neuroscience research on boundary extension (false memory beyond the edges of a view of a scene) has provided new insights into the constructive nature of scene representation, and motivates questions about development. Early research with children (as young as 6-7 years) was consistent with boundary extension, but relied on an analysis of spatial errors in drawings which are open to alternative explanations (e.g. drawing ability). Experiment 1 replicated and extended prior drawing results with 4-5-year-olds and adults...
September 1, 2016: Developmental Science
Sing Yee Chua, Xin Wang, Ningqun Guo, Ching Seong Tan
The range gated technique is a promising laser ranging method that is widely used in different fields such as surveillance, industry, and military. In a range gated system, a reflected laser pulse returned from the target scene contains key information for range reconstruction, which directly affects the system performance. Therefore, it is necessary to study the characteristics and effects of the target reflection factor. In this paper, theoretical and experimental analyses are performed to investigate the influence of target reflection on three-dimensional (3D) range gated reconstruction...
August 20, 2016: Applied Optics
Xinghui Dong, Mike Chantler
Dong et al. examined the ability of 51 computational feature sets to estimate human perceptual texture similarity, however, none performed well for this task. While it is well-known that the human visual system is extremely adept at exploiting longer-range aperiodic (and periodic) "contour" characteristics in images, none of the investigated feature sets exploit higher order statistics (HOS) over larger image regions (>19×19 pixels). We therefore hypothesise that long-range HOS, in the form of contour data, are useful for perceptual texture similarity estimation...
August 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Adina R Lew, Mark L Howe
Events consist of diverse elements, each processed in specialized neocortical networks, with temporal lobe memory systems binding these elements to form coherent event memories. We provide a novel theoretical analysis of an unexplored consequence of the independence of memory systems for elements and their bindings, 1 that raises the paradoxical prediction that schema-driven false memories can act solely on the binding of event elements despite the superior retrieval of individual elements. This is because if 2, or more, schema-relevant elements are bound together in unexpected conjunctions, the unexpected conjunction will increase attention during encoding to both the elements and their bindings, but only the bindings will receive competition with evoked schema-expected bindings...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Quentin Lenoble, Jia Jia Lek, Allison M McKendrick
PURPOSE: There is evidence that people with glaucoma exhibit difficulties with some complex visual tasks such as face recognition, motion perception and scene exploration. The purpose of this study was to determine whether glaucoma affects the ability to categorise briefly presented visual objects in central vision. METHODS: Visual categorisation performance of 14 people with glaucoma (primary open angle glaucoma and preperimetric) and 15 age-matched controls was measured, assessing both accuracy and response times...
August 8, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Steven Lawrence Fernandes, G Josemin Bala
Biomechanics based human identification is a major area of research. Biomechanics based approaches depend on accurately recognizing humans using body movements, the accuracy of these approaches is enhanced by incorporating the knee-hip angle to angle relationships. Current biomechanics based models are developed by considering the biomechanics of human walking and running. In biomechanics the joint angle characteristics, also known as gait features play a vital role in identification of humans. In general, identification of humans can be broadly classified into two approaches: biomechanics based approach, also known as Gait Recognition and biometric based Composite Sketch Matching...
September 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Maria M Del Viva, Giovanni Punzi, Steven K Shevell
The visual system is able to recognize a scene based on a sketch made of very simple features. This ability is likely crucial for survival, when fast image recognition is necessary, and it is believed that a primal sketch is extracted very early in the visual processing. Such highly simplified representations can be sufficient for accurate object discrimination, but an open question is the role played by color in this process. Rich color information is available in natural scenes, yet artist's sketches are usually monochromatic; and, black-and-white movies provide compelling representations of real world scenes...
2016: PloS One
Frederik S Kamps, Vishal Lall, Daniel D Dilks
Neuroimaging studies have identified multiple scene-selective regions in human cortex, but the precise role each region plays in scene processing is not yet clear. It was recently hypothesized that two regions, the occipital place area (OPA) and the retrosplenial complex (RSC), play a direct role in navigation, while a third region, the parahippocampal place area (PPA), does not. Some evidence suggests a further division of labor even among regions involved in navigation: While RSC is thought to support navigation through the broader environment, OPA may be involved in navigation through the immediately visible environment, although this role for OPA has never been tested...
October 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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