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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812451/nonmedical-use-of-over-the-counter-medications-is-significantly-associated-with-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-university-students
#1
Vi T Le, Abigail Norris Turner, Anne McDaniel, Kenneth M Hale, Christina Athas, Nicole C Kwiek
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between nonmedical use of over-the-counter medications (NMUOTC) and nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). PARTICIPANTS: University students surveyed on NMUOTC and NMUPD between August and December 2011 (N = 939). METHODS: Cross-sectional data analysis of online survey. RESULTS: The majority of respondents were female, undergraduate, Caucasian, and not affiliated with Greek life...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764273/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-psychiatric-inpatients-a-hospital-based-study-from-kashmir
#2
Tajamul Hussain, Mushtaq Ahmad Margoob, Sheikh Shoib, Mahak Shafat, Rajesh Kumar Chandel
INTRODUCTION: Over the last fifty years there has been dramatic change in the human environment, behaviours and way-of-life. These changes have resulted in escalating rates of metabolic syndrome not only in general population but also among people with mental illness. Various factors, like the lack of exercise, use of psychotropic medications and inadequate medical care leads to the increased risk of metabolic changes among people with mental illness. Hence, there is a greater need to evaluate metabolic syndrome in this population...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760538/schizotypy-is-associated-with-reduced-mnemonic-precision-in-visual-working-memory
#3
Weizhen Xie, Marcus Cappiello, Hyung-Bum Park, Patricia Deldin, Raymond C K Chan, Weiwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Working memory (WM) maintains a limited amount of information over a short period of time at the service of other ongoing mental activities. Deficits in this function are often observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The present study examined whether self-report schizotypy was associated with the qualitative, quantitative, or both aspects of visual WM and whether these impairments could be accounted for by sensory memory deficits and/or depressed mood in a group of non-clinical, medication-naïve participants...
July 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756132/effects-of-depression-diabetes-distress-diabetes-self-efficacy-and-diabetes-self-management-on-glycemic-control-among-chinese-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Keke Lin, Chang Park, Mingzi Li, Xiudong Wang, Xiushu Li, Wei Li, Laurie Quinn
AIM: To examine the direct and indirect effects of depression, diabetes distress, diabetes self-efficacy and diabetes self-management on glycemic control among a group of T2DM patients in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 254 participants were selected from three outpatient departments in Beijing, China. They were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Diabetes-related information was retrieved from their medical records. Descriptive statistics, independent student t tests, Chi-square tests, correlation analyses and Generalized Structural Equation Modeling were used...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753050/symptoms-of-depression-and-adhd-in-relation-to-stimulant-medication-misuse-among-college-students
#5
Kari Benson, Kate Flory
BACKGROUND: The misuse of stimulant medications, commonly used for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a concern on college campuses. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relations between the misuse of stimulant medications and symptoms of depression and ADHD. METHOD: Eight hundred and ninety students ages 18-26 from one public university took a web-based survey including rating scales measuring symptoms of depression and ADHD...
July 28, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744234/on-hearing-voices-and-seeing-things-probing-hallucination-predisposition-in-a-portuguese-nonclinical-sample-with-the-launay-slade-hallucination-scale-revised
#6
Paula Castiajo, Ana P Pinheiro
The experience of hallucinations is a hallmark of psychotic disorders, but they are also present in other psychiatric and medical conditions, and may be reported in nonclinical individuals. Despite the increased number of studies probing the incidence of nonclinical hallucinations, the underlying phenomenological characteristics are still poorly understood. This study aimed to examine the psychometrics proprieties of the Portuguese adaptation of the 16-item Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS), the phenomenological characteristics of nonclinical hallucinatory experiences in a Portuguese sample, and the relationship between clinical symptoms and hallucination predisposition...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736572/an-index-to-characterize-female-career-promotion-in-academic-medicine
#7
Dörthe Brüggmann, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are a key factor of gender disparities at the workplace. They may lead to stress and stress-related diseases including burnout, depression or cardiovascular diseases. Since this problem cannot be generalized and varies between different fields, new approaches are needed to assess and describe the magnitude of the problem in single fields of work. METHODS: To construct a new index, operating figures of female and male medical students were collected for Germany in a period over 15 years and their progression throughout their studies towards specialization and academic chair positions...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#8
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#9
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#10
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707633/using-a-personality-inventory-to-identify-risk-of-distress-and-burnout-among-early-stage-medical-students
#11
Stephanie A Bughi, Desiree A Lie, Stephanie K Zia, Jane Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Distress and burnout are common among medical students and negatively impact students' physical, mental, and emotional health. Personality inventories such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used in medical education, may have a role in identifying burnout risk early. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study among 185 1st year medical students with the MBTI, the general well-being schedule (GWB), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664462/factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-medical-students-in-bahrain
#12
Zaid A Mahroon, Saif M Borgan, Charlotte Kamel, Wendy Maddison, Maeve Royston, Claire Donnellan
OBJECTIVES: Medical training can be a stressful experience and may negatively impact mental health for some students. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among medical students in one international medical university in the Kingdom of Bahrain and to determine associations between these symptoms, the students' characteristics, and their satisfaction with life. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to 350 enrolled medical students...
June 29, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643991/sleep-duration-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-school-based-survey
#13
Chantal Stheneur, Marc Sznajder, Camille Spiry, Marianna Marcu Marin, Idir Ghout, Patricia Samb, Grégoire Benoist
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to assess the link between sleep duration, quality of life and depression in adolescents. The secondary objective was to study the sleeping behavior of a large sample of adolescents from different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: Study subjects were high school students studying in or around Paris with a general, vocational or technological training background. A survey was conducted to evaluate the subject's perception of their own sleep, quality of life and depression...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642002/development-of-geriatric-mental-health-learning-objectives-for-medical-students-a-response-to-the-institute-of-medicine-2012-report
#14
Susan W Lehmann, William B Brooks, Dennis Popeo, Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek
America is aging as the population of older adults increases. The shortage of geriatric mental health specialists means that most geriatric mental healthcare will be provided by physicians who do not have specialty training in geriatrics. The Institute of Medicine Report of 2012 highlighted the urgent need for development of national competencies and curricula in geriatric mental health for all clinicians. Virtually all physicians can expect to treat older patients with mental health symptoms, yet currently there are no widely accepted learning objectives in geriatric mental health specific for medical students...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#15
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626270/impact-of-a-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-reconciliation-and-antidepressant-treatment-history-project-at-a-depression-clinic-a-pilot-study
#16
Stella S Tang, Leanna Jaward, Kristen Ward, Sagar V Parikh, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVES: To improve treatment of patients with depression, a new pilot service project involving student pharmacists who would conduct medication reconciliation and review of antidepressant treatment history was created and evaluated. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A prospective study conducted at the University of Michigan Depression Center. PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: From an initial sample of 78 referrals, 41 subjects were reached by phone, with 34 completing medication reconciliation and antidepressant treatment history...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#17
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604316/when-students-become-patients-tb-disease-among-medical-undergraduates-in-cape-town-south-africa
#18
Helene-Mari Van der Westhuizen, Angela Dramowski
BACKGROUND: Medical students acquire latent tuberculosis (TB) infection at a rate of 23 cases/100 person-years. The frequency and impact of occupational TB disease in this population are unknown. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed via email and social media to current medical students and recently graduated doctors (2010 - 2015) at two medical schools in Cape Town. Individuals who had developed TB disease as undergraduate students were eligible to participate...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599624/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-medical-students-in-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Carlson-Babila Sama, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Kilton Neba Nforchu, Maxime Tindong, Desmond Aroke, Christian Akem Dimala
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important contributor to the global burden disease that affects people of communities all over the world. With high level of demands in academics and psychosocial pressure, medical students during their course of training tend to become depressed, leading to problems later in professional life and compromising patient care. In Cameroon, there is lack of data on the prevalence of depression and its impact on medical students. To determine the prevalence and predisposing factors associated with depression among medical students in Cameroon (preclinical and clinical)...
June 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598927/intraoperative-analgesia-nociception-index-guided-fentanyl-administration-during-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-lumbar-discectomy-and-laminectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Henry D Upton, Guy L Ludbrook, Andrew Wing, Jamie W Sleigh
BACKGROUND: The "Analgesia Nociception Index" (ANI; MetroDoloris Medical Systems, Lille, France) is a proposed noninvasive guide to analgesia derived from an electrocardiogram trace. ANI is scaled from 0 to 100; with previous studies suggesting that values ≥50 can indicate adequate analgesia. This clinical trial was designed to investigate the effect of intraoperative ANI-guided fentanyl administration on postoperative pain, under anesthetic conditions optimized for ANI functioning...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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