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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198252/prevalence-and-correlates-of-subjective-memory-complaints-in-vietnamese-adults
#1
Oanh L Meyer, Amanda Leggett, Siwei Liu, Ngoc H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries such as Vietnam are home to a majority of the world's population with dementia, yet little is known regarding how individuals in these countries perceive memory problems that might be indicative of cognitive impairment. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of subjective memory complaints (SMCs) in Vietnamese adults in Da Nang, Vietnam. METHODS: A stratified sample of 600 adults (aged ≥ 55 years) living in Da Nang, Vietnam, and surrounding areas were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183315/prevalence-of-poor-mental-health-among-medical-students-in-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Supriya Sapkota, Abina Chapagain, Anurag Aryal, Amita Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health among medical students is widely acknowledged. Studies on mental health among medical students of Nepal are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the prevalence of mental disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal from December 2016 to February 2017. Our survey instrument consisted of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and questions about socio-demographic factors, smoking, marijuana use, suicidal ideation and thoughts of dropping out of medical school...
November 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176864/health-assessment-of-french-university-students-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mental-health-disorders
#3
Antoine Tran, Laurie Tran, Nicolas Geghre, David Darmon, Marion Rampal, Diane Brandone, Jean-Michel Gozzo, Hervé Haas, Karine Rebouillat-Savy, Hervé Caci, Paul Avillach
OBJECTIVE: The first year of university is a particularly stressful period and can impact academic performance and students' health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the health and lifestyle of undergraduates and assess risk factors associated with psychiatric symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and June 2013, we included all undergraduate students who underwent compulsory a medical visit at the university medical service in Nice (France) during which they were screened for potential diseases during a diagnostic interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175430/medical-students-acquisition-of-adolescent-interview-skills-after-coached-role-play
#4
Paritosh Kaul, Jennifer Fisher, Janice L Hanson
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an educational activity designed to teach the adolescent HEADS examination METHODS: Participants were third-year medical students in their pediatric clerkships. Students received an article on the HEADS interview and attended an adolescent medicine educational session. The session included individualized goal setting and coached role play. Students' skills in doing a HEADS interview were evaluated through a standardized patient encounter (SPE) with a checklist and a retrospective pre- and post-test survey...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#5
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#6
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122226/-relationship-between-personality-organization-and-the-prevalence-of-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-university-students-in-health-careers-in-the-region-of-coquimbo-chile
#7
René Barraza López, Nadia Muñoz Navarro, Ana Contreras Astorga
OBJECTIVE: The literature reports a set of variables associated with depression, anxiety and stress in health career students. The only one of these that could have a constant input is the structure of personality organisation. The present study aims to determine the relationship between the dimensions of personality organization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms reported by first-year university health career students. METHODS: Under a non-experimental ex-post-facto design, the personality organisation was evaluated in 235 1st year university, medical, nursing, and kinesiology from three universities of La Serena and Coquimbo (Chile)...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116906/prevalence-and-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-and-depression-among-medical-students-at-sultan-qaboos-university-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study-from-oman
#8
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Ali Al-Qubtan, Jaber Al-Lawati, Assad Al -Habsi, Mohammed Al-Shuraiqi, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam
This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms among medical students in Oman. Then, it explored whether the three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome (High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism and Low Academic Efficacy) would predict the presence of Depressive Symptoms in a logistic regression model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical students of Sultan Qaboos University. 662 students participated in the study with a response rate of 98%...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113526/mindfulness-interventions-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review-of-their-impact-on-medical-student-stress-depression-fatigue-and-burnout
#9
Zahra Daya, Jasmine Heath Hearn
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have gained popularity in medical education. A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing psychological distress in undergraduate medical students. METHODS: A search protocol was conducted using online databases Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE. Articles were required to meet the following criteria to be included: (1) describe a MBI or use of mindfulness exercises as part of an intervention, (2) include at least one of: stress, burnout, fatigue, or depression, as an outcome, (3) include quantitative outcomes, and (4) published in English in a peer-reviewed journal...
November 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109664/a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-medical-sciences-students
#10
Farkhondeh Jamshidi, Sasan Mogehi, Maria Cheraghi, Seiedeh Farzaneh Jafari, Iman Kabi, Leila Rashidi
Introduction: Aim of article was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (depression, social dysfunction, anxiety and somatic symptoms) and some of its influencing factors in freshmen at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which has conducted among 781 new students of all faculties of University in 2014. A study tool was the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28). Results: Founding of this study has shown that from 781 students under study (33% male and 67% female)...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103016/alcohol-and-other-substance-use-among-medical-and-law-students-at-a-uk-university-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#11
Paul Bogowicz, Jennifer Ferguson, Eilish Gilvarry, Farhad Kamali, Eileen Kaner, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the use of alcohol and other substances among medical and law students at a UK university. STUDY DESIGN: Anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire survey of first, second and final year medical and law students at a single UK university. RESULTS: 1242 of 1577 (78.8%) eligible students completed the questionnaire. Over half of first and second year medical students (first year 53.1%, second year 59.7%, final year 35...
November 4, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093971/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-variables-and-sleep-quality-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#12
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Nahid Jamshidi, Javad Salami, Elahe Pourjam
Objectives: Students of medical sciences are exposed to many emotional and mental problems. In light of the importance of sleep quality in learning and liveliness, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological variables (stress, anxiety, and depression) and sleep quality of students. Design: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study, where all students studying at Fasa University of Medical Sciences in 2012-2013 year were selected...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083991/psychosocial-correlates-of-perceived-stress-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-nigeria
#13
Bawo O James, Ibironke F Thomas, Joyce O Omoaregba, Esther O Okogbenin, Kingsley M Okonoda, Abdu W Ibrahim, Auwal S Salihu, Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew Orovwigho, Paul C Odinka, George O Eze, Godwin C Onyebueke, Benjamin E Aweh
Objectives: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with perceived stress among medical students. Methods: A cross-sectional study of students (n=623) selected across eight medical schools in Nigeria. A structured questionnaire obtained socio-demographic characteristics, alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), other psychoactive drug use (Drug Abuse Screening Test), anxiety/depression symptoms (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale) and stress (Perceived Medical School Stress Scale)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076675/suicidal-ideation-depression-anxiety-stress-and-life-satisfaction-of-medical-engineering-and-social-sciences-students
#14
Sabahat Naseem, Seema Munaf
BACKGROUND: Pursuing higher education is not an easy task as it requires hard work, dedication, and motivation. Although there are many rewards involved in growing up academically, nevertheless, it contains a few hazards too. For instance, suicidal ideation is associated with presence of depression, anxiety, and stress with low level of satisfaction with life in students finding difficulty in handling educational demands of higher education. Therefore, the present study focused on the query that whether there is any difference or not among medical, engineering, and social sciences students of city of Karachi, Pakistan in the level of suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040042/mental-health-first-aid-a-useful-tool-for-school-nurses
#15
Joy Atkins
School nurses address mental health issues of youth on a daily basis. These mental health issues include substance abuse, anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation. Mental health first aid is a process that seeks to help medical professionals and laypeople recognize and address someone that is having a mental health or substance abuse crisis. This article will describe an experience with a student having suicidal ideations and how the mental health action plan was used.
November 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017482/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-college-students
#17
Baifeng Chen, Fei Liu, Shushu Ding, Xia Ying, Lele Wang, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming increasingly indispensable in everyday life for most undergraduates in China, and this has been associated with problematic use or addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of smartphone addiction and the associated factors in male and female undergraduates. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 and included 1441 undergraduate students at Wannan Medical College, China. The Smartphone Addiction Scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction among the students, using accepted cut-offs...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#18
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974125/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#19
José Aderval Aragão, Marianna Ribeiro de Menezes Freire, Lucas Guimarães Nolasco Farias, Sarah Santana Diniz, Felipe Matheus Sant'anna Aragão, Iapunira Catarina Sant'anna Aragão, Tarcisio Brandão Lima, Francisco Prado Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare depressive symptoms among medical students taught using problem-based learning (PBL) and the traditional method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Beck's Depression Inventory was applied to 215 medical students. The prevalence of depression was calculated as the number of individuals with depression divided by the total number in the sample from each course, with 95% confidence intervals. The statistical significance level used was 5% (p ≤ .05). RESULTS: Among the 215 students, 52...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#20
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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