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Depression medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#1
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622041/predictors-of-fitness-to-practise-declarations-in-uk-medical-undergraduates
#2
Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin, Daniel Smith, Jon S Dowell, Lazaro M Mwandigha
BACKGROUND: Misconduct during medical school predicts subsequent fitness to practise (FtP) events in doctors, but relatively little is known about which factors are associated with such issues during undergraduate education. This study exploits the newly created UK medical education database (UKMED), with the aim of identifying predictors of conduct or health-related issues that could potentially impair FtP. The findings would have implications for policies related to both the selection and support of medical students...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619005/presence-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-affects-the-first-time-treatment-efficacy-and-recurrence-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#3
Wei Wei, Zahra N Sayyid, Xiulan Ma, Tian Wang, Yaodong Dong
Objectives: To investigate the possible effects of anxiety and/or depression symptoms on the treatment outcomes and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a single institution. 142 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV at the Department of Otology in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between October 2016 and July 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. 127 patients were finally included in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610764/dysmenorrhea-among-university-health-science-students-northern-ethiopia-impact-and-associated-factors
#4
Teshager Aklilu Yesuf, Nigist Assefa Eshete, Eskinder Ayalew Sisay
Background: It is estimated that more than half of all women in adolescence age suffer from dysmenorrhea and it often interferes with their daily physical and emotional aspects. It is the leading cause of short-term school absenteeism and is associated with a negative impact on academic and daily activities. Objectives: To investigate impacts of dysmenorrhea, factors associated with it, and its self-management strategies used by health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional institution based study was conducted among 246 Mekelle University health science students selected by stratified random sampling technique...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573434/the-mediating-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-uncontrolled-drinking-a-look-at-gender-specific-parental-influences
#5
Ashley M Ebbert, Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jeremy W Luk, Kirsten Voorhies, Olivia Warner, Robert F Leeman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) reflects an individual's belief that experiencing anxiety will cause illness or embarrassment (Reiss & McNally, 1985), and may be a reason individuals self-medicate with alcohol (Hersh & Hussong, 2009). Harsh or indulgent parenting could contribute to the development of AS. We examined the direct and indirect associations between parenting styles and alcohol-related variables through AS and impaired control over drinking (IC; i.e., perceived failure to adhere to limits on alcohol consumption in the future; Heather et al...
March 24, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566050/the-four-domain-structure-model-of-a-depression-scale-for-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-haiphong-vietnam
#6
Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Ngoc Thi Minh Nguyen, Manh Van Pham, Han Van Pham, Hiroyuki Nakamura
Depression is a common mental health problem with a higher prevalence in medical students than in the general population. This study aims to investigate the association between depressive symptoms, particularly those in each domain of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, and related factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 1319 medical students at Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy in 2016. The CES-D scale and a self-reported questionnaire were used to identify the prevalence of depressive symptoms and related risk factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555131/sleep-in-a-large-multi-university-sample-of-college-students-sleep-problem-prevalence-sex-differences-and-mental-health-correlates
#8
Stephen P Becker, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Annie A Garner, G Leonard Burns, Michael J Kofler
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe sleep problems in a large, multi-university sample of college students; (2) evaluate sex differences; and (3) examine the unique associations of mental health symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention [ADHD-IN], ADHD hyperactivity-impulsivity [ADHD-HI]) in relation to sleep problems. METHODS: 7,626 students (70% female; 81% White) ages 18-29 years (M=19.14, SD=1.42) from six universities completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552549/experiences-of-public-doctors-on-managing-work-difficulties-and-maintaining-professional-enthusiasm-in-acute-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#9
Andrew Leung Luk, Adrian Fai To Yau
Background: Overseas studies suggest that 10-20% of doctors are depressed, 30-45% have burnout, and many report dissatisfaction with work-life balance. A local study on public doctors showed that 31.4% of the respondents satisfied the criteria for high burnout. Young, but moderately experienced doctors who need to work shifts appeared most vulnerable. This study aims to explore the experiences of those public doctors who have managed their work difficulties and maintained professional enthusiasm for references in medical education and continuing professional training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551695/gender-as-an-underestimated-factor-in-mental-health-of-medical-students
#10
P H M Burger, M Scholz
BACKGROUND: In Germany, currently two out of three medical students are female. Several studies corroborate that medical students show a significantly higher prevalence of stress-related mental disorders than the population in general. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate, if gender has an influence on the distribution of mental stress parameters and learning style among male and female medical students. METHODS: We investigated a total of 758 students of the medical faculty at the University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Germany, using standardized and validated psychological questionnaires on depressive symptoms (BDI-II), burnout (BOSS-II) and quality of life (SF-12)...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549071/exploring-digital-health-use-and-opinions-of-university-students-field-survey-study
#11
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514774/self-reflected-well-being-via-a-smartphone-app-in-clinical-medical-students-feasibility-study
#12
Elizabeth K Berryman, Daniel J Leonard, Andrew R Gray, Ralph Pinnock, Barry Taylor
BACKGROUND: Well-being in medical students has become an area of concern, with a number of studies reporting high rates of clinical depression, anxiety, burnout, and suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to increase awareness of well-being in medical students by using a smartphone app. The primary objective of this study was to determine the validity and feasibility of the Particip8 app for student self-reflected well-being data collection...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#13
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498956/when-a-child-unexpectedly-draws-a-violent-scene
#14
Andy Barnes, Richard Ziegler, Neena McConnico, Martin T Stein
Carter is a 12-year-old boy who has been seeing a developmental-behavioral pediatrician since the age of 7 years for problems with behavioral regulation. Around that time, he began to receive special education services after an educational assessment of autism. He has average intellectual abilities, with below-average semantic-pragmatic speech (e.g., conversations are one-sided). His medical diagnoses included attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation, and generalized anxiety disorder...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475237/school-counselors-recognition-of-the-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#15
Ju-Yeon Lee, Young-Chul Chung, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Sung-Wan Kim
The ability to identify students at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis in school settings is crucial for enabling appropriate referral to a clinician and positive therapeutic results. The aim of this study was to examine school counselors' recognition of the diagnosis and appropriate treatment recommendations for students at UHR for psychosis. In total, 132 school counselors completed surveys, including questions relating to a vignette about a student at UHR for psychosis. In total, 12.4% of the sample provided the correct diagnosis, much lower than that for other schizophrenia spectrum disorders and non-psychotic disorders, including depressive disorder...
February 22, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472752/low-dose-mirtazapine-induced-nightmares-necessitating-its-discontinuation-in-a-young-adult-female
#16
Vikas Menon, Pravallika Madhavapuri
Mirtazapine is a novel tetracyclic antidepressant which enhances noradrenergic and serotonergic transmission by blocking central α2-adrenergic auto- and hetero-receptors. Due to favorable safety and adverse effect profile, it is often viewed as a promising agent for treatment of depression. Particularly, its anxiolytic and sleep-improving properties have led to its favorable positioning for the management of depression with insomnia. Our objective is to describe a case of depression with treatment-emergent nightmares induced by mirtazapine...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448236/sleep-problems-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-college-students
#17
Stephen P Becker, Melissa R Dvorsky, Alex S Holdaway, Aaron M Luebbe
Using a large sample of college students, objectives were to examine (1) the overlap between poor sleep and suicide risk status, (2) whether poor sleep was associated with suicide behaviors above and beyond depression, (3) whether sleep problems and depression interacted to predict increased suicidal behaviors or risk, and (4) which specific components of sleep were uniquely associated with suicidal behaviors. Participants were 1700 college students (ages 18-29 years; 65% female) from two universities who completed measures assessing sleep, depressive symptoms, and suicidal behaviors (Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised [SBQ-R], a composite measure including ideation, past attempt, disclosure to others, and future likelihood of suicide that includes a cutoff for determining participants with suicide risk)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447589/do-student-service-members-veterans-experience-worse-mental-health-stigma-than-their-peers-a-comparative-study-in-a-national-sample
#18
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims
OBJECTIVES: Examine differences in mental health treatment-related stigma in student service members and veterans (SSM/Vs) and peers from 57 post-secondary institutions across the United States. METHODS: In total, 909 SSM/Vs and 1818 demographically- and institutionally-matched non-SSM/Vs completed assessments of stigma-related barriers to mental health service utilization as part of the Healthy Minds Study between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: When compared to non-SSM/V peers, SSM/Vs reported more mental health treatment-related stigma toward help-seekers and less confidence in the helpfulness of therapy/counseling and psychotropic medications...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428119/influence-of-habits-on-depression-in-the-peruvian-medical-student-study-in-seven-administrative-regions
#19
Mariela Vargas, Lincolth Talledo-Ulfe, Paula Heredia, Sarita Quispe-Colquepisco, Christian R Mejia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of habits on depression in medical students from 7 Peruvian Regions. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of a secondary data analysis. The diagnosis of depression was obtained according to the Zung test result, with any level of this condition being considered positive. This was also compared with other social and educational variables that were important according to previous literature. RESULTS: Of the 1922 respondents, 54...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426740/-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-of-a-program-of-adapted-physical-activity-in-day-hospital-of-digestive-oncology-from-the-point-of-view-of-patients
#20
Céline Crespel, Cloé Brami, Paul de Boissieu, Camille Mazza, Kevin Chauvet, Amélie Lemoine, Benoit Gavlak, Chloé Léandri, Mathilde Brasseur, Eric Bertin, Olivier Bouché
INTRODUCTION: Adapted physical activity (APA) is recognized as an effective supportive care for asthenia and quality of life in oncology. Before an APA program was organized, the feasibility of such a program was evaluated among the patients. METHODS: Descriptive, prospective, semi-qualitative, single-center study over a 3-month period in patients treated with ambulatory chemotherapy for digestive cancer. A self-questionnaire was offered to all patients to evaluate their practice and knowledge about APA...
February 6, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
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