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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#1
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421480/amount-of-sleep-daytime-sleepiness-hazardous-driving-and-quality-of-life-of-second-year-medical-students
#2
Kay M Johnson, Nancy Simon, Mark Wicks, Karen Barr, Kim O'Connor, Doug Schaad
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the sleep habits of second year medical students and look for associations between reported sleep duration and depression, burnout, overall quality of life, self-reported academic success, and falling asleep while driving. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of two consecutive cohorts of second year medical students at a large public university in the USA. Participants completed an anonymous survey about their sleep habits, daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale), burnout (Maslach burnout inventory), depression (PRIME MD), and perceived stress (perceived stress scale)...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#3
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397103/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-maladaptive-perfectionism-in-medical-students-a-preliminary-investigation
#4
Suma P Chand, John T Chibnall, Stuart J Slavin
OBJECTIVES: Maladaptive perfectionism is associated with psychological distress and psychopathology. Medical students have been found to be particularly prone to maladaptive perfectionism. Recent research has indicated that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) that targets unhealthy perfectionism leads to reductions in perfectionism and related distress. This preliminary investigation aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a CBT program directed at medical students who had significant levels of maladaptive perfectionism...
April 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388295/a-two-year-review-of-suicide-ideation-assessments-among-medical-nursing-and-pharmacy-students
#5
Cortney M Mospan, Rick Hess, Reid Blackwelder, Susan Grover, Chris Dula
Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S. and has increased in prevalence during the past 15 years. Patients who attempt suicide are more likely to have contact with their primary care provider than a mental health provider in the month before attempting suicide, highlighting the need for competency in suicide ideation (SI) assessment. The Communications Skills for Health Professionals is an interprofessional course involving first-year medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. Specific instruction regarding assessment of SI was delivered through an online module and later practiced by students with standardized patients (SP)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381118/the-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptoms-checklist-hscl-25-in-a-student-population-a-cautionary-tale
#6
Jens C Skogen, Simon Øverland, Otto R F Smith, Leif E Aarø
AIMS: The Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25) is a widely used self-report measurement for mental health problems, but its factor structure is still uncertain, with divergent results in different social or cultural settings. We aimed to investigate the previously suggested factor structures of the HSCL-25, as well as a model including an explicit somatic factor among students in Norway. METHODS: The study population is based on data from the Norwegian study of students' health and wellbeing, SHoT ('Studentenes Helse- og Trivselsundersøkelse'), and the present study comprises N = 13,525 participants...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380173/academic-performance-of-students-who-underwent-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-students-mental-health-service-of-a-brazilian-university
#7
Cláudia Ribeiro Franulovic Campos, Maria Lilian Coelho Oliveira, Tânia Maron Vichi Freire de Mello, Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: University students are generally at the typical age of onset of mental disorders that may affect their academic performance. We aimed to characterize the university students attended by psychiatrists at the students' mental health service (SAPPE) and to compare their academic performance with that of non-patient students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on review of medical files and survey of academic data at a Brazilian public university...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367168/prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-its-association-with-anxiety-among-medical-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-in-riyadh
#8
Meshal Khaled Alaqeel, Nasser Abdullah Alowaimer, Anas Fahad Alonezan, Nawaf Yousef Almegbel, Fahad Yousef Alaujan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among medical students of King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) and to observe the association between anxiety and IBS. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study conducted during academic year 2015-2016 has used two self-administered, pre-validated questionnaires: Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) and Rome III criteria. The sample size was 270, and proportional allocation was used to determine distribution of this sample across study population based on percentages of students in each academic year...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362630/measurement-invariance-of-the-depression-anxiety-stress-scales-21-across-medical-student-genders
#9
Peyman Jafari, Farnoosh Nozari, Forooghosadat Ahrari, Zahra Bagheri
Objectives: This study aimed to assess whether male and female Iranian medical students perceived the meaning of the items in the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 consistently. Methods: A convenience sample of 783 preclinical medical students from the first to sixth semester was invited to this cross-sectional study. Of the 477 respondents, 238 were male and 239 were female. All participants completed the Persian version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346049/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-veterinary-medical-students-a-multi-site-study
#10
Elizabeth B Strand, Jennifer Brandt, Kenita Rogers, Laurie Fonken, Ruthanne Chun, Peter Conlon, Linda Lord
This research explores Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) among veterinary medical students across six academic institutions of veterinary medicine, and their relationship with depression, stress, and desire to become a veterinarian. Between April 1, 2016 and May 23, 2016, 1,118 veterinary medical students in all 4 years of the curriculum (39% response rate) completed an anonymous web-based questionnaire about ACEs, depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CESD), stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the age at which they wanted to become a veterinarian...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319167/association-between-internet-addiction-and-depression-in-thai-medical-students-at-faculty-of-medicine-ramathibodi-hospital
#11
Thummaporn Boonvisudhi, Sanchai Kuladee
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of Internet addiction (IA) and its association with depression in Thai medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital. Participants were first- to fifth-year medical students who agreed to participate in this study. Demographic characteristics and stress-related factors were derived from self-rated questionnaires. Depression was assessed using the Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285561/adverse-parenting-is-associated-with-blunted-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-expression-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-mrnas-in-leukocytes-in-japanese-medical-students
#12
Tomoko Kawai, Yuki Kuwano, Kiyoshi Masuda, Kinuyo Fujita, Hiroki Tanaka, Tatsuya Nishikawa, Kazuhito Rokutan, Kensei Nishida
Adverse parenting is associated with an increased risk for the development of mood and behavioral disorders. In this study, we assessed the perceived parental bonding of 232 medical students using the parental bonding instrument (PBI) and extracted 22 students who reported their parents' rearing attitudes as affectionless control (LOW; low care, high overprotection). Using the 28-item general health questionnaire, the Zung self-rating depression scale (Zung-SDS), the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and the Spielberger state-trait-anxiety-inventory (STAI), physical and mental state of the LOW students were compared with those of 30 students who reported their parental bonding as optimal (OPT; high care and low overprotection)...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284097/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-risk-of-incident-depression-throughout-adulthood-among-men-the-johns-hopkins-precursors-study
#13
Nicole M Armstrong, Lucy A Meoni, Michelle C Carlson, Qian-Li Xue, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Joseph J Gallo, Alden L Gross
BACKGROUND: Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors elevate risk of subsequent depression in older adults, but the effect of their onset before or after age 65 on incident depression is unclear. METHODS: Participants were 1190 male medical students without a diagnosis of depression, who matriculated in 1948-1964 and followed through 2011. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess associations of vascular risk-factor burden, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking status, and overweight/obese status with onset of incident depression...
May 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259063/to-what-extent-does-depression-influence-quality-of-life-of-people-with-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy-in-argentina
#14
Laura Scévola, Mercedes Sarudiansky, Alejandra Lanzillotti, Silvia Oddo, Silvia Kochen, Luciana D'Alessio
INTRODUCTION: Depression is the most frequent psychiatric co-morbidity in patients with epilepsy. Lifetime prevalence of depression is reported more frequently in temporal lobe epilepsy and is estimated at 35%. This co-morbidity appears to be related with various mechanisms. The aim of this study was to determine the quality of life (QoL) of patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy with and without co-morbid depression in an Argentinean population. METHODS: Patients admitted to the video-EEG monitoring unit during the period 2010-2013 went through a standardized psychiatric assessment using SCID-I (Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I diagnoses of DSM-IV), BDI II (Beck Depression Inventory) GAF (Global assessment of functioning), and Q LES Q-SF (for quality of life)...
February 28, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242150/-prevalence-of-teenage-sleeping-disorders
#15
M Perdereau-Noël, P Saliou, P Vic
Teenage sleeping disorders can have short- and long-term consequences such as learning disorders, accidents, depression, and type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sleeping disorders in high school students in the southwest of Brittany (Finistère), France. To search for family and social factors causing these disorders and drug use. METHOD: Observational multicenter study that took place in May, 2015, asking high school students to anonymously complete a questionnaire during school time...
February 24, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228632/physical-and-psychological-characteristics-of-the-community-dwelling-elderly-with-heart-disease
#16
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hideyo Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
Objectives Although the survival rates of patients with heart diseases, such as myocardial infarction and heart failure, have increased, the incidence of heart disease in elderly individuals has also increased. We compared characteristics of the community-dwelling elderly with heart diseases (heart disease group) and without heart diseases (non-heart disease group).Methods A total of 758 elderly individuals participated in our survey ("Otassha-kensin") in 2014. The heart disease group (47 men, 28 women) and the non-heart disease group (263 men, 420 women) were selected from among these participants...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225885/depression-stress-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-comparison-between-students-from-different-semesters
#17
Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Natalia de Castro Pecci Maddalena, Ronald Kleinsorge Roland, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Sandra Helena Cerrato Tibiriçá, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and stress in medical students from all semesters of a Brazilian medical school and assess their respective associated factors. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of students from the twelve semesters of a Brazilian medical school was carried out. Students filled out a questionnaire including sociodemographics, religiosity (DUREL - Duke Religion Index), and mental health (DASS-21 - Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale)...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217679/effect-of-calcium-on-premenstrual-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Fatemeh Shobeiri, Fahimeh Ezzati Araste, Reihaneh Ebrahimi, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Mansour Nazari
OBJECTIVE: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects millions of women and is known as the most important disorder among them. The very aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of low dose calcium on severity of PMS. METHODS: This study can be considered as a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Female students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences diagnosed with PMS in 2014 participated in the present study. Sixty-six female students diagnosed with PMS were involved in the experimental and control groups...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206849/stress-and-depression-among-veterinary-medical-students
#19
Stacy L Killinger, Sean Flanagan, Eleanor Castine, Kimberly A S Howard
While existing literature suggests that professional students (e.g., medical, dental, law, nursing, etc.) experience high levels of stress and depression, the experiences of veterinary medical students have been less well examined. The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress and depression among veterinary medical students and to examine the relationship between these variables. Study participants were 1,245 veterinary medical students from North America. The findings provide support for the assertion that veterinary medical students experience high levels of stress and depression...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#20
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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