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Depression medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877913/interventions-to-improve-the-breaking-of-bad-or-difficult-news-by-physicians-medical-students-and-interns-residents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of news delivery interventions to improve observer-rated skills, physician confidence, and patient-reported depression/anxiety. METHOD: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched from inception to September 5, 2016 (updated February 2017). Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs, and controlled before-after studies of interventions to improve the communication of bad or difficult news by physicians, medical students, and residents/interns...
June 5, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844675/harm-avoidance-and-depression-anxiety-insomnia-and-migraine-in-fifth-year-medical-students-in-taiwan
#2
Ching-Yen Chen, Nan-Wen Yu, Tien-Hao Huang, Wei-Shin Wang, Ji-Tseng Fang
Purpose: During medical school training, increased stress, depression, and anxiety are common. Certain personality traits, particularly harm avoidance (HA), may increase the risk of psycho-pathological disorders, insomnia, and migraine among medical students. This study evaluated the role HA may play on levels of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia among Taiwanese medical students starting their fifth and final year of medical school. Patients and methods: A series of self-report questionnaires were used to measure the severity of anxiety, depression, and insomnia, as well as somatic symptoms, particularly migraine headache, among 143 Taiwanese fifth-year medical students (94 males and 49 females)...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793374/comment-on-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#3
Jessica Webster, Alexandra Lindsay-Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785161/prevalence-and-psychological-stress-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-among-female-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779441/comment-on-mindfulness-interventions-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review-on-their-impact-on-medical-student-stress-depression-fatigue-and-burnout
#5
Antonia Hamilton-Shield, John Logan, Akriti Nanda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#6
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765261/depression-in-medical-students-current-insights
#7
REVIEW
Fiona Moir, Jill Yielder, Jasmine Sanson, Yan Chen
Medical students are exposed to multiple factors during their academic and clinical study that have been shown to contribute to high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of this article was to explore the issue of depression in the medical student population, including prevalence, causes, and key issues, along with suggestions for early identification and support from one medical school in New Zealand. After establishing that the prevalence of depression is higher for medical students than the general population, the key issues explored include assessment used in the program, characteristics of the student population (such as Type A personality and perfectionism), resilience, selection procedures, students' motivation, and the nature of the clinical environment...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747716/effects-of-antiparkinson-medication-on-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
Marc-André Roy, Maxime Doiron, Jessica Talon-Croteau, Nicolas Dupré, Martine Simard
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically review the effects of currently prescribed antiparkinson medication on cognition in patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) who were either cognitively intact or mildly impaired. METHODS: English- and French-language studies published between 1969 and 2017 were accessed via MedLine, PsychNET, EMBASE and EBSCO databases. Methodological quality (MQ) was evaluated with the quality assessment instrument of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Review (scores from 0% to 44% indicate very low quality; scores from 45% to 64% indicate low quality; scores from 65% to 84% indicate medium quality; and scores from 85% to 100% indicate high quality)...
May 11, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741422/a-deeper-understanding-of-depression-and-suicidality-among-medical-students
#9
Noa Heiman, Rachel Davis, Brian Rothberg
Prevalence rates for depression among medical students are three times higher than the prevalence rates of depression in the general population. In order to understand these high prevalence rates, the authors discuss the underlying psychodynamics of a subset of medical students who seek therapy for depression and suicidality during their medical school years. Does medical school screen for people who are more prone to depression or does medical school cause high depression rates? The authors describe students with the combination of harsh/critical aspects from their early family life coupled with emotional misattunement of caregivers...
May 9, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740952/help-seeking-beliefs-for-mental-disorders-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#10
Louisa Picco, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Swapna Verma, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: The current study aimed to investigate beliefs about help-seeking, treatment options and expected outcomes for people with alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach, among a sample of nursing and medical students. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online study among medical and nursing students (n = 1002) who were randomly assigned 1 of 5 vignettes. Questions were asked about whom could best help the person in the vignette, the likely helpfulness of a broad range of interventions, and the likely outcome for the person in the vignette with and without appropriate help...
May 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728075/predicting-intentions-to-seek-help-for-depression-among-undergraduates-in-sri-lanka
#11
Santushi D Amarasuriya, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that although there are high rates of depression among university students, their help-seeking practices are poor. It is important to identify students who are less likely to seek the necessary help, to encourage better help-seeking among them. This study, which was conducted among undergraduates in Sri Lanka, examined the associations between personal characteristics of the undergraduates and their intentions to seek help for depression. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which 4461 undergraduates (Male: n = 1358, 30...
May 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727429/perceived-discrimination-harassment-and-abuse-in-physician-assistant-education-a-pilot-study
#12
Michelle DiBaise, Lisa Tshuma, Darin Ryujin, Susan LeLacheur
PURPOSE: A 2014 meta-analysis found that by graduation, 16.6% of medical students had reported abuse, harassment, or discrimination and that this hostile environment caused an increase in depression and anxiety. The purpose of this research study was to increase the understanding of discrimination and psychological/physical abuse in physician assistant (PA) education programs and the potential impact on student attrition. METHODS: Information was collected using an online, anonymous survey that asked about witnessed or experienced discrimination and psychological or physical abuse during the didactic and clinical years of training in PA programs in the United States...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700867/characteristics-and-service-needs-of-women-and-babies-admitted-to-residential-parenting-units-in-new-south-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Holly Priddis, Charlene Thornton, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Jane Tooher, Marie Dickinson, Hannah Grace Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the characteristics and service needs of women and babies admitted to Residential Parenting Services (RPS) in the first year following birth in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. BACKGROUND: In Australia there is a tiered system to support maternal, child and family health, which includes residential parenting services (RPS). DESIGN: Sequential explanatory mixed methods design. METHODS: Individual patient data were obtained from a random review of 10% of all medical records (n = 300 of 3011 admissions) of women with an infant of less than 12 months of age who were admitted to RPS in 2013...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#14
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622041/predictors-of-fitness-to-practise-declarations-in-uk-medical-undergraduates
#15
Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin, Daniel Smith, Jon S Dowell, Lazaro M Mwandigha
BACKGROUND: Misconduct during medical school predicts subsequent fitness to practise (FtP) events in doctors, but relatively little is known about which factors are associated with such issues during undergraduate education. This study exploits the newly created UK medical education database (UKMED), with the aim of identifying predictors of conduct or health-related issues that could potentially impair FtP. The findings would have implications for policies related to both the selection and support of medical students...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619005/presence-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-affects-the-first-time-treatment-efficacy-and-recurrence-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#16
Wei Wei, Zahra N Sayyid, Xiulan Ma, Tian Wang, Yaodong Dong
Objectives: To investigate the possible effects of anxiety and/or depression symptoms on the treatment outcomes and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a single institution. 142 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV at the Department of Otology in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between October 2016 and July 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. 127 patients were finally included in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610764/dysmenorrhea-among-university-health-science-students-northern-ethiopia-impact-and-associated-factors
#17
Teshager Aklilu Yesuf, Nigist Assefa Eshete, Eskinder Ayalew Sisay
Background: It is estimated that more than half of all women in adolescence age suffer from dysmenorrhea and it often interferes with their daily physical and emotional aspects. It is the leading cause of short-term school absenteeism and is associated with a negative impact on academic and daily activities. Objectives: To investigate impacts of dysmenorrhea, factors associated with it, and its self-management strategies used by health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional institution based study was conducted among 246 Mekelle University health science students selected by stratified random sampling technique...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573434/the-mediating-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-uncontrolled-drinking-a-look-at-gender-specific-parental-influences
#18
Ashley M Ebbert, Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jeremy W Luk, Kirsten Voorhies, Olivia Warner, Robert F Leeman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) reflects an individual's belief that experiencing anxiety will cause illness or embarrassment, and may be a reason individuals self-medicate with alcohol. Harsh or indulgent parenting could contribute to the development of AS. We examined the direct and indirect associations between parenting styles and alcohol-related variables through AS and impaired control over drinking (IC; i.e., perceived failure to adhere to limits on alcohol consumption in the future)...
May 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566050/the-four-domain-structure-model-of-a-depression-scale-for-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-haiphong-vietnam
#19
Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Ngoc Thi Minh Nguyen, Manh Van Pham, Han Van Pham, Hiroyuki Nakamura
Depression is a common mental health problem with a higher prevalence in medical students than in the general population. This study aims to investigate the association between depressive symptoms, particularly those in each domain of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, and related factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 1319 medical students at Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy in 2016. The CES-D scale and a self-reported questionnaire were used to identify the prevalence of depressive symptoms and related risk factors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
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