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Hydrogen peroxyde

Saturnino Luján, Ramón Rogel, Enrique Broseta, Francisco Boronat
INTRODUCTION: Penile prosthesis (PP) is the established treatment for patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) who do not respond to phosphodiesterase inhibitors and intracavernosal injections. In general, these devices have been largely successful but there are not free of serious complication such as PP infection (PPI). PPI requires immediate surgical removal or salvage rescue of the PP. AIM: In this report, we present two clinical cases with inflatable PP (IPP) treated locally with antibiotic and high pressure irrigation and then avoid the PP removal or salvage rescue...
December 2016: Sexual Medicine
Agustina V Schenone, Leandro O Conte, María A Botta, Orlando M Alfano
This study reports the application of the photo-Fenton process for the degradation of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic (2,4-D). The objective of this research was the evaluation of the procedure at natural pH (pH = 5) using the ferrioxalate complex as iron source at two incident irradiation levels. For this purpose, different combinations of attenuation filters from a solar simulator were tested. Since the process depends on several parameters, the influence of the temperature (T) and peroxide to 2,4-D initial concentration ratio (R) were investigated and optimized by the application of a three-level factorial experimental design combined with the Response Surface Methodology (RSM)...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Environmental Management
D Hodyc, E Johnson, A Skoumalová, J Tkaczyk, H Maxová, M Vízek, J Herget
Pulmonary hypertension resulting from chronic hypoxia is at least partly caused by the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The goal of the presented study was to investigate the dynamics and the site of production of ROS during chronic hypoxia. In our study Wistar rats were kept for 1, 4 and 21 days in an isobaric hypoxic chamber (F(iO2)=0.1), while controls stayed in normoxia. We compared NO production in expired air, plasma and perfusate drained from isolated rat lungs and measured superoxide concentration in the perfusate...
2012: Physiological Research
Danli Wu, Patricia Yotnda
Reactive oxygen species include a number of molecules that damage DNA and RNA and oxidize proteins and lipids (lipid peroxydation). These reactive molecules contain an oxygen and include H(2;)O(2;) (hydrogen peroxide), NO (nitric oxide), O(2;)(-) (oxide anion), peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), hydrochlorous acid (HOCl), and hydroxyl radical (OH(-)). Oxidative species are produced not only under pathological situations (cancers, ischemic/reperfusion, neurologic and cardiovascular pathologies, infectious diseases, inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases , etc…) but also during physiological (non-pathological) situations such as cellular metabolism...
2011: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Carmen Vida, Sara Rodríguez-Terés, Virginia Heras, Isabel Corpas, Mónica De la Fuente, Eva González
Xanthine oxidase (XO) is an important source of oxidant production and plays an essential role in several oxidative stress-related diseases. Aging is associated with a progressive deregulation of homeostasis as a result of a chronic oxidative stress situation. In the present work the age-related changes in XO expression and activity, as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase have been investigated in liver, kidney and thymus from four different age groups of mice, including long-lived animals...
December 2011: Biogerontology
L E Fitri, T W Sardjono, D Simamora, R P Sumarno, S K Setyawati
Dysfunction of endothelial cells in severe malaria may result from excessive activation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α which leads to an increase in production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decrease of antioxidant level of endothelial cells. To investigate the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels produced by endothelial cells exposed with serum of malaria falciparum patient, an in vitro model of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) culture was used...
April 2011: Tropical Biomedicine
K Vanderstricht, S Nammour, R De Moor
The most important constituent of the bleaching process is the hydrogen peroxyde. The bleaching effect is the result of a change in the chemical structure of organic molecules in the teeth. Different bleaching techniques are described on the basis of the concentration of the hydrogen peroxyde used and on the basis of the different methods of application. It has been demonstrated that a faster change in colour can be obtained when bleaching is performed in combination with a light source i.e. power bleaching aiming for a more in depth change of colour...
2009: Revue Belge de Médecine Dentaire
Sasa Zivić, Jovan Vlaski, Gordana Kocić, Milica Pesić, Vesna Cirić, Zlatko Durić
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes is a protoype of disease with an intensive oxidative stress. The oxidative stress means disturbing dynamic balance between prooxidants and antioxidants, either due to the increased production of the oxygen free radicals or the decreased antioxidant activity. The antioxidative enzyme catalase diminishes free radical hydrogen-peroxyde, which can be very toxic to pancreatic cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included 40 children with type 1 diabetes...
September 2008: Medicinski Pregled
Vincenzo Aquilanti, Mirco Ragni, Ana C P Bitencourt, Glauciete S Maciel, Frederico V Prudente
The equilibrium and cis and trans geometric structures of a series of disulfides RS-SR' (HSSH, HSSF, HSSCl, HSSCH3, HSSC2H5, FSSF, ClSSCl, ClSSF, CH3SSCH3, C2H5SSC2H5) have been studied using both density functional theory (B3LYP/6-311++G(3df, 3pd)) and second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2(FU)/aug-cc-pVTZ). The effects of internal rotation on the structural parameters have been analyzed and the torsional potentials around the S-S bond have been compared with experimental and theoretical information, when available, as well as with the analogues of the peroxydic family...
April 23, 2009: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
S Girotti, E Ferri, F Fini, L Bolelli, A G Sabatini, R Budini, D Sichertova
The analytical performances of a manual and a partially automated chemiluminescent (CL) assay, of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were assessed. In both cases the light emitting reaction involved luminol, horseradish peroxidase and hydrogen peroxyde, but the emission kinetics and the parameters taken into account to calculate TAC values were completely different. The major characteristics expressing the quality of the two analytical methods, i.e. inaccuracy, repeteability and reproducibility, sensitivity, time required for the analysis and detection limit, were estimated by using standard solutions of Trolox...
October 20, 2004: Talanta
Gabriella Donáth-Nagy, Peter Buchwald, Szende Vancea, Mircea Croitoru, Béla Tokés
Nowadays, very diverse human activities generate urgent demands for fast, sensitive reliable innovative tools capable of detecting major industrial, military, and other dangerous products. An important part of these compounds are free radicals. Capillary electrophoresis (CE), especially in its miniaturized format (lab-on-a-chip), and other electromigration methods offer special possibilities to resolve this problem. These measurements have a great opportuness because of very wide chemical and biological role of free radicals...
April 24, 2008: Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods
E C Paulino, A A Steil, S Jancar
Neutrophils are important effector cells of tissue injury in several pathological conditions, among them, immune complexes (IC)-induced inflammation and tissue injury. There is evidence that endothelins modulate IC-induced tissue injury in experimental models in vivo. In the present study we investigated the effect of endothelins on neutrophil activation by IC in vitro. To this purpose, pre-formed insoluble immune complexes were used to stimulate human neutrophils and production of leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and hydrogen peroxyde (H(2)O(2)) were measured as indicative of phospholipase A(2) and oxidative burst activation and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release as indicative of cell degranulation...
July 2006: International Immunopharmacology
N P Podosinovikova, V V Petrov, A B Kosmachev, L G Kubarskaia, S G Dagaev, V B Dolgo-Saburov
In the in vitro experiments with hydrobiont Daphnia magna Straus as the test-object the comparative evaluation of the prooxydant activity of two neuroleptics galoperidol and aminazine, was performed. It was shown that galoperidol possesses the pronounced prooxydant activity compared with hydrogen peroxyde. Aminazine didn't display such an action. The exogenios reduced glutathione is capable to protect Daphnia from the prooxydant action of galoperidol may be used for the investigation of anti- and prooxydant effects of toxicants and medicines in vivo...
September 2003: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
C Debbasch, P J Pisella, P Rat, J M Warnet, C Baudouin
PURPOSE: To investigate cell tolerance of three tear substitutes used in the treatment of dry eye syndromes. METHODS: Cytotoxicity tests were done on a continuous human conjunctival cell line using microplate cold light cytofluorimetry. Membrane integrity, DNA condensation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production (hydrogen peroxyde and superoxide anion) were evaluated after 15 minutes of treatment or 15 minutes and 24 hours of cell recovery. Hyaluronic acid, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose associated with sodium perborate (HPMC) and carbomer 934P were tested at their commercial concentrations (respectively 0...
November 2000: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
C Debbasch, P J Pisella, P Rat, J M Warnet, C Baudouin
PURPOSE: To investigate free radical production in impression cytology specimens using microplate cold light cytofluorimetry. METHODS: 60 impression cytology specimens (IC) were harvested in 30 patients aged from 20 to 90 years. IC were taken in 10 healthy subjects, 10 glaucoma patients receiving longterm treatment for glaucoma and 10 contact lens wearers for more than five years. A complete ophthalmologic examination (BUT, corneal staining) was performed. Evaluation of free radical production was done using a dichlorofluoresceine diacetate (DCFHDA) test for H(2)O(2) evaluation and a hydroethidine test for O(2)(...
March 2000: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
P d'Alessio, M Moutet, C Marsac, J Chaudière
New selenium containing compounds which act as mimics of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) protect vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) from the toxicity of 140 microM hydrogen peroxide. In the absence of GPx mimic, hydrogen peroxide destroys the tightness of the cellular monolayer and transforms the actin network into compact stress fibers. The pre-treatment of the cells by 4 microM of the lead-compound BXT-51072 for 1 hours inhibits the morphological modifications induced by hydrogen peroxide. This GPx mimic can also prevent the alterations of the endothelial cytoskeleton which are induced by Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and which consist in a reorganization of actin filaments with the formation of stress fibers...
1996: Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de Ses Filiales
J Laval
Oxidative stress occurs in cells when the equilibrium between prooxidant and antioxidant species is broken in favor of the prooxidant state. It is due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated either by the cellular metabolism such as phagocytosis, mitochondrial respiration, xenobiotic detoxification, or by exogenous factors such as ionizing radiation or chemical compounds performing red-ox reactions. Some ROS are extremely reactive and interact with all the macromolecules including lipids, nucleic acids and proteins...
January 1996: Pathologie-biologie
M O Parat, M J Richard, M T Leccia, P Amblard, A Favier, J C Beani
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the mechanism of photoaging and carcinogenesis. Skin is endowed with antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutases (SOD): cytosolic copper zinc SOD and mitochondrial manganese SOD. The aim of our study was to estimate the protective effect of manganese against oxidative injury on cultured human skin fibroblasts. Dithranol, hydrogen peroxide and UV-A radiation (375 nm) were employed as oxidative stressors. The supply of manganese chloride produced an increase in cellular content of this element up to 24 fold without concomitant elevation of MnSOD activity...
October 1995: Free Radical Research
A Marmonier, B Berthet
The authors propose a new immunoenzymatic method (ELISA) for human brucellosis diagnosis. They study in a logical way some of the parameters of the reaction realizable by macro- or microassay. The all method requires less than six hours. They use OMS recommended brucella suspension as antigen. The conjugate enzyme is peroxydase and human anti-immunoglobulins are either complete or specific IgM. The revelating substrate is obtained by association of hydrogen peroxyde with 5 amino-salicylic acid which gives the best colorimetric stability...
February 1981: Pathologie-biologie
P Atmadjov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1983: Folia Medica
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