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Xiaoyang Shi, Hang Xiao, Klaus Lackner, Xi Chen
A great deal of information exists concerning the hydration of ions in bulk water. Much less noticeable, but equally ubiquitous is the hydration of ions holding on to several water molecules in nanoscopic pores or in natural air at low relative humidity. Such hydration of ions with a high ratio of ions to water molecules (up to 1:1) are essential in determining the energetics of many physical and chemical systems. Here we present a quantitative analysis of the energetics of ion hydration in nanopores based on molecular modeling of a series of basic salts associated with different numbers of water molecules...
October 20, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lei Wang, Yu Wang, Peng-Ping Li, Rui Wang, Yue Zhu, Fang Zheng, Lin Li, Jiu-Jie Cui, Li-Wei Wang
SAV1 is a human homolog of salvador that contains two protein-protein interaction modules known as WW domains and acts as a scaffolding protein for Hpo and Warts. SAV1 is known to be a tumor suppressor, but its clinical and prognostic implications remain elusive. This study aimed at evaluating the prognostic significance and associated expression of SAV1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. The expression of SAV1 in tissue specimens of PDAC patients were assayed with immunohistochemistry on a tissue microarray...
October 17, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Xi-Zhi Niu, Francesco Busetti, Markus Langsa, Jean-Philippe Croué
Many fluoroquinolone (FLQ) antibiotics undergo rapid photodegradation in sunlit waters and form multifaceted photo-products. The high photodegradation rate is primarily ascribed to their photosensitizing properties. Though widely studied, the photo-reaction pathways are not completely revealed; photo-products mediated by different reactive oxygen species are not identified. In our study, photo-degradation of fluoroquinolone norfloxacin was investigated. A rapid degradation in buffered water was observed with a first-order rate constant of 2...
October 4, 2016: Water Research
Yael Pecchioli, Lamide Oyewumi, Lisa M Allen, Sari Kives
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Despite the fact that most cases of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in adolescence are due to an immature hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis (HPO), the current approach to investigating adolescents presenting with AUB often includes pelvic ultrasound to exclude rare structural causes. The aim of this study was to determine whether an ultrasound ordered for the investigation of AUB in adolescents detects any significant anatomic pathology or alters diagnosis and management...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Liang Cheng, Jie Sun, Wanying Xu, Lixiang Dong, Yang Hu, Meng Zhou
OAHG, an integrated resource, aims to establish a comprehensive functional annotation resource for human protein-coding genes (PCGs), miRNAs, and lncRNAs by multi-level ontologies involving Gene Ontology (GO), Disease Ontology (DO), and Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO). Many previous studies have focused on inferring putative properties and biological functions of PCGs and non-coding RNA genes from different perspectives. During the past several decades, a few of databases have been designed to annotate the functions of PCGs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
D Golea, S Sutherland, P Jarvis, S J Judd
The outcomes of a pilot-scale study of the rejection of trihalomethanes (THMs) precursors by commercial ultrafiltration/nanofiltration (UF/NF) spiral-wound membrane elements are presented based on a single surface water source in Scotland. The study revealed the expected trend of increased flux and permeability with increasing pore size for the UF membranes; the NF membranes provided similar fluxes despite the lower nominal pore size. The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) passage decreased with decreasing molecular weight cut-off, with a less than one-third the passage recorded for the NF membranes than for the UF ones...
May 23, 2016: Separation Science and Technology
Emily A Southmayd, Mary Jane De Souza
Bone growth, development, and remodeling are modulated by numerous circulating hormones. Throughout the lifespan, the extent to which each of the hormones impacts bone differs. Understanding the independent and combined impact of these hormones on controlling bone remodeling allows for the development of more informed decision making regarding pharmacology, specifically the use of hormonal medication, at all ages. Endocrine control of bone health in women is largely dictated by the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis...
September 13, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
J Hwang, Y-L Kim, S Kang, S Kim, S-O Kim, J H Lee, D-H Han
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to identify genetic variants associated with hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) by applying whole-exome sequencing (WES) and bioinformatics analyses such as gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and protein functional network study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two affected siblings whose grandparents and parents have normal gingiva were chosen for our investigation. Saliva collected from the patients and their parents were used for WES. GSEA and protein functional network study were performed to find gene groups in a biological coordination which are associated with HGF...
September 10, 2016: Oral Diseases
Chisako Sakuma, Yoshie Saito, Tomoki Umehara, Keisuke Kamimura, Nobuaki Maeda, Timothy J Mosca, Masayuki Miura, Takahiro Chihara
Synapse formation requires the precise coordination of axon elongation, cytoskeletal stability, and diverse modes of cell signaling. The underlying mechanisms of this interplay, however, remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Strip, a component of the striatin-interacting phosphatase and kinase (STRIPAK) complex that regulates these processes, is required to ensure the proper development of synaptic boutons at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction. In doing so, Strip negatively regulates the activity of the Hippo (Hpo) pathway, an evolutionarily conserved regulator of organ size whose role in synapse formation is currently unappreciated...
August 30, 2016: Cell Reports
Bing-zhi Dong, Jia-li Zhang, Chang He
The influences of ozone dosage, pH and ionic strength on the formation of Assimilable Organic Carbon (AOC) during ozonation were investigated. The result demonstrated that within the range of 1-5 mg · L⁻¹ O₃, the formation of AOC increased with increasing ozone dosage, but higher ozone dosage (9 mg · L⁻¹) resulted in reduction of AOC formation. AOC formation increased with higher pH but decreased with increasing ionic strength. The result also showed that AOC formation with hydrophobic fraction (HPO) was the most, followed by transphilic fraction (TPI), and charged hydrophilic fraction (CHPI), while neutral hydrophilic fraction (NHPI) was the least...
May 15, 2016: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
N Griffon, M Schuers, F Dhombres, T Merabti, G Kerdelhué, L Rollin, S J Darmoni
BACKGROUND: Despite international initiatives like Orphanet, it remains difficult to find up-to-date information about rare diseases. The aim of this study is to propose an exhaustive set of queries for PubMed based on terminological knowledge and to evaluate it versus the queries based on expertise provided by the most frequently used resource in Europe: Orphanet. METHODS: Four rare disease terminologies (MeSH, OMIM, HPO and HRDO) were manually mapped to each other permitting the automatic creation of expended terminological queries for rare diseases...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Guodong Zhang, Duu-Jong Lee, Fangqin Cheng
An anoxic/oxic microbial fuel cell (MFC) reactor was applied to treat domestic sewage with intermittent aeration at cathodic chamber. The MFC yielded maximum power density of 2.05W/m(3) at current density 6.05A/m(3), 91.7±0.3% chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 98.2±0.3% ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N) removals could be reached with most of the hydrophilic (HPI), hydrophobic acid (HPO-A), transphilic acid (TPI-A) of the former being consumed with minimal residual aromatics and the most of NH3-N being converted to N2...
October 2016: Bioresource Technology
R Wang, M Kuang, H Nie, W Bai, L Sun, F Wang, D Mao, Z Wang
Adiponectin, a cytokine secreted typically by adipocytes, has been implicated as a molecular switch between female reproduction and energy balance. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of adiponectin system and patterns of genes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary (HPO) axis of food-restricted pre-pubertal ewes. Eighteen 2-month-old female ewes were assigned to 3 groups after a pre-feeding ad libitum for 10 days (six in each group): the control group (C), the low-food-restricted group (LR) and the high-food-restricted group (HR), which were fed with 100%, 70% and 50% of ad libitum food intake, respectively...
October 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Andreia Leite, Ana M G Silva, Catarina Coutinho, Luís Cunha-Silva, Baltazar de Castro, Maria Rangel
In the present work we report the structure and the spectroscopic characterization of a new fluorescent 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone ligand D-3,4-HPO. The synthesis of the compound was performed in two steps, which involve the reaction of the commercially available fluorophore dansyl chloride with a 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone chelating unit and further deprotection. The new fluorescent chelator was characterized in the solid state by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and in solution by NMR, MS, absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies...
September 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Lisa K Brents
Marijuana use among women is highly prevalent, but the societal conversation on marijuana rarely focuses on how marijuana affects female reproduction and endocrinology. This article reviews the current scientific literature regarding marijuana use and hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis regulation, ovarian hormone production, the menstrual cycle, and fertility. Evidence suggests that marijuana can reduce female fertility by disrupting hypothalamic release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), leading to reduced estrogen and progesterone production and anovulatory menstrual cycles...
June 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
D Pacetti, R Gagliardi, M Balzano, N G Frega, M L Ojeda, M Borrero, A Ruiz, P Lucci
This work aims to evaluate and compare, for the first time, the effects of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and hybrid palm oil (HPO) supplementation on the fatty acid profile and phospholipid (PL) molecular species composition of human erythrocyte membranes. Results supported the effectiveness of both HPO and EVOO supplementation (3 months, 25 mL/day) in decreasing the lipophilic index of erythrocytes with no significant differences between HPO and EVOO groups at month 3. On the other hand, the novel and rapid ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method used for PL analysis reveals an increase in the levels of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine species esterified with polyunsaturated fatty acids...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Lin Li, Shan He, Lijian Ding, Ye Yuan, Peng Zhu, Slava Epstein, Jianzhong Fan, Xiaokai Wu, Xiaojun Yan
Since first isolated from the lipophilic extract of Streptomyces sp. SF2583, streptochlorin, has attracted a lot of attention because of its various pharmacological properties, such as antibiotic, antiallergic, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory activities. For the efficient preparation of streptochlorin from a producing strain Streptomyces sp. SYYLWHS-1-4, we developed a combinative method by using response surface methodology (RSM) and high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC). In the fermentation process, we used RSM to optimize the condition for the efficient accumulation of streptochlorin, and the optimal parameters were: yeast extract 1...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Einar Vargas-Bello-Pérez, Gonzalo Íñiguez-González, Nathaly Cancino-Padilla, Juan J Loor, Philip C Garnsworthy
The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of dietary supplementation of soybean oil (SO) and hydrogenated palm oil (HPO) on the transport of fatty acids (FA) within plasma lipoproteins in lactating and non-lactating cows. Three lactating and three non-lactating Holstein cows were used in two different 3 × 3 Latin square experiments that included three periods of 21 d. Dietary treatments for lactating cows consisted of a basal diet (control; no fat supplement) and fat-supplemented diets containing SO (500 g/d per cow) or HPO (500 g/d per cow)...
August 2016: Archives of Animal Nutrition
Satu Kuokkanen, Alex J Polotsky, Justin Chosich, Andrew P Bradford, Anna Jasinska, Tzu Phang, Nanette Santoro, Susan E Appt
UNLABELLED: Obesity and malnutrition are associated with decreased fecundity in women. Impaired reproductive capacity in obese women is often attributed to anovulation. However, obese women with ovulatory cycles also have reduced fertility, but the etiology of their impaired reproduction is only partially understood. Accumulating evidence suggests that obesity directly impairs oocyte and embryo quality as well as endometrial receptivity. In obese women, urinary progesterone metabolite excretion is decreased, but in excess of what can be explained by suppressed gonadotropin secretion, suggesting that apart from its central effect obesity may directly affect progesterone (P4) production...
August 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Charongpun Musikavong, Kanjanee Srimuang, Thunwadee Tachapattaworakul Suksaroj, Chaisri Suksaroj
The formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) of hydrophobic organic fraction (HPO), transphilic organic fraction (TPI), and hydrophilic organic fraction (HPI) of reservoir and canal waters from the U-Tapao River Basin, Songkhla, Thailand was investigated. Water samples were collected three times from two reservoirs, upstream, midstream, and downstream of the U-Tapao canal. The HPO was the major dissolved organic matter (DOM) fraction in reservoir and canal waters. On average, the HPO accounted for 53 and 45% of the DOM in reservoir and canal waters, respectively...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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