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Maryland health care

Cheryl K Zogg, Fernando Payró Chew, John W Scott, Lindsey L Wolf, Thomas C Tsai, Peter Najjar, Olubode A Olufajo, Eric B Schneider, Elliott R Haut, Adil H Haider, Joseph K Canner
Importance: Trauma is the leading cause of death and disability among young adults, who are also among the most likely to be uninsured. Efforts to increase insurance coverage, including passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), were intended to improve access to care and promote improvements in outcomes. However, despite reported gains in coverage, the ACA's success in promoting use of high-quality care and enacting changes in clinical end points remains unclear...
October 19, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Michael S Gordon, Steven B Carswell, Monique Wilson, Timothy W Kinlock, Lauren Restivo, Michelle McKenzie, Josiah D Rich
Despite the strong correlation between HIV and corrections, testing and prevention efforts have largely been ignored among community corrections populations. The current study is a secondary analysis to compare characteristics of individuals under community corrections supervision who completed rapid HIV testing with those who refused such testing (N = 2,382) in Baltimore, Maryland, and Providence, Rhode Island. Results indicate that the following variables were significantly associated with the receipt of rapid HIV testing: being female (p = ...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Sandi Rowland, Jonathon P Leider, Clare Davidson, Joanne Brady, Alana Knudson
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the expansion of a community dental access program (CDP) in rural Maryland providing urgent dental care to low-income individuals, as well as the CDP's impact on dental-related visits to a regional emergency department (ED). METHODS: We used de-identified CDP and ED claims data to construct a data set of weekly counts of CDP visits and dental-related ED visits among Maryland adults. A time series model examined the association over time between visits to the CDP and ED visits for fiscal years (FYs) 2011 through 2015...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Sandra J Tanenbaum
The formulation of the triple aim responds to three problems facing the US health care system: high cost, low quality, and poor health status. The purpose of this article is to analyze the potential of the health care system to achieve the triple aim and, specifically, the attempt to improve population health by rewarding providers who contain costs. The first section of the article will consider the task of improving population health through the health care system. The second section of the article will discuss CMS's efforts to pay providers to achieve the triple aim, that is, to improve health care and population health while containing cost...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Yun-Chi Chen, Kjell J Wiberg, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Arun Bansal, Philipe Bolzan, Janelle A Guy, Erastus N Maina, Andrea L Cox, Chloe L Thio
Background.  Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) is an emerging issue. Studies addressing the temporal trends and risk factors associated with incident HCV in HIV-infected MSM in the community-based primary care settings in the United States are scarce. Methods.  Using a retrospective cohort study design, HCV incidence, defined as HCV antibody seroconversion, was determined in 1147 HIV-infected men receiving care at Chase Brexton Health Care clinics in Baltimore, Maryland between 2004 and 2014...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Ellen J Eckes, Debbie Gutierrez, Ann Peterson, Melissa Hubbard, Kevin Barrett, Ann Marie Matlock
Nurses manage patients with common infectious diseases by following institutional guidelines based on expert advice, evidence in the literature, and a wealth of experience. Today nurses are challenged to provide care to patients with multidrug-resistant organisms and virulent infectious diseases such as Ebola virus disease. Management of some patients with virulent infectious diseases occurs in the context of minimal experience with the pathogen, course of infection, diagnostics, nursing care, and treatment...
October 2016: Critical Care Nurse
Jennifer S Albrecht, Lindsay Croft, Daniel J Morgan, Mary-Claire Roghmann
OBJECTIVES: To explore current use and perceptions of glove and gown use in nursing homes. DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Three community-based nursing homes in Maryland. PARTICIPANTS: Direct care staff, administrators, and residents. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups among nursing home staff, one focus group among nursing home administrators, and five interviews with residents...
September 24, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Danielle B Garfinkel, Kamila A Alexander, Reagan McDonald-Mosley, Tiara C Willie, Michele R Decker
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) presents new opportunities for HIV prevention. While women comprise approximately 20% of new HIV infections in the US, significant questions remain about how to most effectively facilitate PrEP uptake for this population. Family planning clinics are a dominant source of health care for young women and support an estimated 4.5 million women annually. We explore characteristics associated with HIV risk perception and PrEP acceptability among young adult women seeking reproductive health services in a high-prevalence setting...
September 29, 2016: AIDS Care
Marcelo Cerullo, Faiz Gani, Sophia Y Chen, Joseph K Canner, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Although uncoordinated postdischarge care has been associated with poor clinical outcomes, the effect of discharge to a low healthcare resource area (LHRA) on readmission remains undetermined. We sought to assess how the quality of discharge area health resources impact readmission following major surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed by linking Maryland state data for 2012-2015 to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Area Health-Resource File...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Katherine Treiman, Lauren McCormack, Murrey Olmsted, Nancy Roach, Bryce B Reeve, Christa E Martens, Rebecca R Moultrie, Hanna Sanoff
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered communication (PCC) is an essential component of patient-centered care and contributes to patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life, and other important patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and test survey questions to assess patients' experiences with PCC in cancer care. METHODS: We used a conceptual model developed by the National Cancer Institute as our framework. The survey questions align with the six core functions of PCC defined in the model: Exchanging Information, Managing Uncertainty, Enabling Patient Self-Management, Fostering Healing Relationships, Making Decisions, and Responding to Emotions...
September 23, 2016: Patient
Andrea C Backes, Patricia Cash, Jessica Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the need to optimize the use of discharge medication lists in nursing facilities. SETTING: In January 2014, the care transitions (CT) pharmacists at Frederick Memorial Hospital, Frederick, Maryland, began a pilot project in which they identified and followed high-risk patients transitioning from hospital to nursing facility and from nursing facility to home. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This pilot project served as a needs assessment to identify opportunities to improve patients' transition from nursing facility to home with the goal of reducing hospital readmissions...
September 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Keith W Easterling, Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid pain reliever overdose is a major public health issue in the United States. To characterize the location of drug-related deaths, we examined fatal prescription opioid and illicit drug-related deaths reported in 12 states. METHODS: Data are from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). Medical examiners or coroners in 12 states (MA, MD, ME, NH, NM, OK, OR, RI, UT, VA, VT, WV) reported details of state-wide drug-related mortality during 2008-2010...
September 2016: Journal of Safety Research
(no author information available yet)
The Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP) Abstracts program provides a forum through which authors can share their insights and outcomes of advanced managed care practice through publication in AMCP's Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy (JMCP). Poster presentations are Tuesday, October 4, at 4:00 pm. The posters will also be displayed on Wednesday, October 5. The reviewed abstracts are published in the JMCP Meeting Abstracts supplement. The AMCP Nexus 2016 Meeting in National Harbor, Maryland, is expected to attract more than 2,000 managed care pharmacists and other health care professionals who manage and evaluate drug therapies, develop and manage networks, and work with medical managers and information specialists to improve the care of all individuals enrolled in managed care programs...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Jennifer Green, Janene Fluhr, Jean Williams
PURPOSE: Youth living in group home settings are at significantly greater risk for sexual risk behaviors; however, there are no sexual health programs designed specifically for these youth. The study's purpose was to assess the effectiveness of a teen pregnancy-prevention program for youth living in group home foster care settings and other out-of-home placements. METHODS: The study design was a cluster randomized controlled trial involving youth (N = 1,037) recruited from 44 residential group homes located in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Parul Agarwal, Thomas K Bias, Suresh Madhavan, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Stephanie Frisbee, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of patient- and county-level factors with the emergency department (ED) visits among adult fee-for-service (FFS) Medicaid beneficiaries residing in Maryland, Ohio, and West Virginia. METHODS: A cross-sectional design using retrospective observational data was implemented. Patient-level data were obtained from 2010 Medicaid Analytic eXtract files. Information on county-level health-care resources was obtained from the Area Health Resource file and County Health Rankings file...
January 2016: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
Lalena Wallace, Sean C Daugherty, Sushma Nagaraj, J Kristie Johnson, Anthony D Harris, David A Rasko
Despite the increasing prevalence of the nosocomial pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii, little is known about which genomic components contribute to clinical presentation of this important pathogen. Most whole-genome comparisons of A. baumannii have focused on specific genomic regions associated with phenotypes in a limited number of genomes. In this work, we describe the results of a whole-genome comparative analysis of 254 surveillance isolates of Acinetobacter species, 203 of which were A. baumannii, isolated from perianal swabs and sputum samples collected as part of an infection control active surveillance program at the University of Maryland Medical Center...
October 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Elizabeth Wiley, Richard Bruno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Maryland Medicine: MM: a Publication of MEDCHI, the Maryland State Medical Society
Matthew B Laurens, Randy G Mungwira, Osward M Nyirenda, Titus H Divala, Maxwell Kanjala, Francis Muwalo, Felix A Mkandawire, Lufina Tsirizani, Wongani Nyangulu, Edson Mwinjiwa, Terrie E Taylor, Jane Mallewa, William C Blackwelder, Christopher V Plowe, Miriam K Laufer, Joep J van Oosterhout
BACKGROUND: Before antiretroviral therapy (ART) became widely available in sub-Saharan Africa, several studies demonstrated that daily trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TS) prophylaxis reduced morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected adults. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended administering TS prophylaxis to this group. However, the applicability of the results to individuals taking ART and living in sub-Saharan Africa has not been definitively evaluated. This study aims to determine if TS prophylaxis benefits HIV-infected Malawian adults after a good response to ART...
2016: Trials
Yukyan Lam, Ryan Westergaard, Gregory Kirk, Azal Ahmadi, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Despite the existence of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality continue to be public health burdens in the United States due to difficulties in engaging people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in continuous, effective care. In comparison to studies investigating patient-level characteristics associated with starting and remaining in care, there is relatively little research on how structural factors, such as those pertaining to healthcare providers and the infrastructure for delivery of health services, influence patients' engagement in HIV care...
2016: PloS One
Richard J Shaw, Maryland Pao, Jennifer E Holland, David R DeMaso
BACKGROUND: Given the heightened focus on the implementation of integrated care and population health management strategies, there is a critical need for an analysis of pediatric psychosomatic medicine (PPM) programs. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to survey current practice patterns in academic PPM programs in North America regarding their service composition, clinical consultation services, changes in service demand, funding, and major challenges so as to inform and support advocacy efforts on behalf of children in their need for responsive and effective PPM services...
May 21, 2016: Psychosomatics
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