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P Maxwell Courtney, David C Markel
With renewed focus on achieving value for patients in total hip and knee arthroplasty, payors, hospitals, and physicians strive to provide quality care while minimizing cost. Large registry datasets have gained popularity in the United States to track implant survivorship and outcomes after joint replacement. Partnerships among surgeons, insurers, and health systems have improved on earlier administrative datasets from Medicare to measure quality and outcomes. Participation in state and national registries can help surgeons and hospitals gain a financial advantage in several insurers' quality programs and alternative payment models...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
David C Classen, William Munier, Nancy Verzier, Noel Eldridge, David Hunt, Mark Metersky, Chesley Richards, Yun Wang, P Jeffrey Brady, Amy Helwig, James Battles
The explicit declaration in the landmark 1999 Institute of Medicine report "To Err Is Human" that, in the United States, 44,000 to 98,000 patients die each year as a consequence of "medical errors" gave widespread validation to the magnitude of the patient safety problem and catalyzed a number of U.S. federal government programs to measure and improve the safety of the national healthcare system. After more than 10 years, one of those federal programs, the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS), has reached a level of maturity and stability that has made it useful for the consistent measurement of the safety of inpatient care...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
Kristy B Arbogast, Allison E Curry, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Mark R Zonfrillo, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Matthew J Breiding, Victor G Coronado, Christina L Master
IMPORTANCE: Previous epidemiologic research on concussions has primarily been limited to patient populations presenting to sport concussion clinics or to emergency departments (EDs) and to those high school age or older. By examining concussion visits across an entire pediatric health care network, a better estimate of the scope of the problem can be obtained. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively describe point of entry for children with concussion, overall and by relevant factors including age, sex, race/ethnicity, and payor, to quantify where children initially seek care for this injury...
July 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Stephen Yu, Siddharth A Mahure, Nisha Branch, Brent Mollon, Joseph D Zuckerman
Marked underutilization rates of total joint arthroplasty in minorities compared with nonminorities exist, with a paucity of literature surrounding inequities related to total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Using the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database, patients who underwent elective TSA in New York State (NYS) were identified and characterized by age, race, gender, medical comorbidities, and payor status. Patients were stratified into 4 separate 5-year periods from 1990 to 2009. Comorbidity severity was defined using the Elixhauser criteria...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Farhad Ardeshirpour, Kate E McCarn, Alexander M McKinney, Rick M Odland, Bevan Yueh, Peter A Hilger
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Third-party payors have begun to demand imaging studies to document septal deviation prior to authorizing septoplasties. This study aims to determine whether septal deviation findings on computed tomography (CT) correlate with symptoms of nasal obstruction as determined by the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective and retrospective chart review. METHODS: Patients 18 years or older undergoing CT scans, which included the nasal septum, were asked to complete a NOSE scale survey and report the laterality of any possible obstruction...
April 2016: Laryngoscope
Carolyn Petersen, Samantha A Adams, Paul R DeMuro
Mobile health (mHealth) facilitates linking patient-generated data with electronic health records with clinical decision support systems. mHealth can transform health care, but to realize this potential it is important to identify the relevant stakeholders and how they might be affected. Such stakeholders include primary stakeholders, such as patients, families and caregivers, clinicians, health care facilities, researchers, payors and purchasers, employer, and miscellaneous secondary stakeholders, such as vendors, suppliers, distributors, and consultants, policy makers and legislators...
2015: Medicine 2.0
(no author information available yet)
The 2015 American Geriatrics Society (AGS) Beers Criteria are presented. Like the 2012 AGS Beers Criteria, they include lists of potentially inappropriate medications to be avoided in older adults. New to the criteria are lists of select drugs that should be avoided or have their dose adjusted based on the individual's kidney function and select drug-drug interactions documented to be associated with harms in older adults. The specific aim was to have a 13-member interdisciplinary panel of experts in geriatric care and pharmacotherapy update the 2012 AGS Beers Criteria using a modified Delphi method to systematically review and grade the evidence and reach a consensus on each existing and new criterion...
November 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Piper A Ranallo, Terrence J Adam, Katherine J Nelson, Robert F Krueger, Martin LaVenture, Christopher G Chute
Psychometric instruments, inventories, surveys, and questionnaires are widely accepted tools in the field of behavioral health. They are used extensively in primary and clinical research, patient care, quality measurement, and payor oversight. To accurately capture and communicate instrument-related activities and results in electronic systems, existing healthcare standards must be capable of representing the full range of psychometric instruments used in research and clinical care. Several terminologies and controlled vocabularies contain representations of psychological instruments...
2013: AMIA ... Annual Symposium Proceedings
Debra Mollicone, Joseph Pulliam, Eduardo Lacson
Challenged by the observation that newly admitted dialysis patients were often unaware of their treatment options, Fresenius Medical Care, North America developed a program to improve information delivered to chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients prior to their need for renal replacement therapy. Six years ago, the Treatment Options Program (TOPs) was established utilizing a standardized approach to educate individuals with CKD Stages 3 and 4. The program education focuses on modality and vascular access options...
March 2013: Seminars in Dialysis
Nihar R Desai, Niteesh K Choudhry
Non-adherence to evidence-based medications is a major public health problem. Less than 50 % of patients with coronary artery disease adhere to their prescribed therapies and this has important implications for morbidity, mortality, and health care spending. Like most complex behaviors, medication non-adherence is not solely the result of poor patient choices. Rather, there are myriad potential contributors attributable to patients, health care providers, and, more broadly, the health care system. Interventions including patient education and behavioral modification, improving patient-physician communication, and eliminating copayments for preventive pharmacotherapy have all been studied...
January 2013: Current Cardiology Reports
Craig A Umscheid, Asaf Hanish, Jesse Chittams, Mark G Weiner, Todd E H Hecht
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) causes morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, and regulators and payors are encouraging the use of systems to prevent them. Here, we examine the effect of a computerized clinical decision support (CDS) intervention implemented across a multi-hospital academic health system on VTE prophylaxis and events. METHODS: The study included 223,062 inpatients admitted between April 2007 and May 2010, and used administrative and clinical data...
2012: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Karthik Devarajan, Loni Rogers, Paul Smith, Steven D Schwaitzberg
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act has stimulated discussion to find feasible, alternate payment models. Adopting a global payment (GP) mechanism may dampen the high number of procedures incentivized by the fee-for-service (FFS) system. The evolving payment mechanism should reflect collaboration between surgeon and system goals. Our aim was to model and perform simulation of a GP system for hernia care and its impact on cost, revenue, and physician reimbursement in an integrated health care system...
September 2012: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Michael W Sauer, Daniel A Hirsh, Harold K Simon, Michael L Schmitz, Jesse J Sturm
OBJECTIVES: Fractures of the extremities are commonly encountered in pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) nationwide. These fractures can lead to bone malformation and deformities if not managed properly. There are multiple barriers to obtaining necessary outpatient follow-up for fracture care, which leads to increased return to the PED for management. Because of these barriers, a "Fracture Care Program" was implemented at the study hospital's network. This study aimed to determine implementation of a Fracture Care Program would lead to reduced PED utilization...
July 2012: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ann Marie Marciarille, J Bradford DeLong
Underlying today's and the future's health-care reform debate is a consensus that America's health-care financing system is in a slow-moving but deep crisis: care appears substandard in comparison with other advanced industrial countries, and relative costs are exploding beyond all reasonable measures. The Obama Administration's Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) attempts to grapple with both of these problems. One of ACA's key instrumentalities is the Independent Payment Advisory Board-the IPAB, designed to discover and authorize ways to reduce the rate of growth of Medicare and other categories of health spending...
2012: Health Matrix
Jyotirmay Sharma, Paolo Raggi, Nancy Kutner, James Bailey, Rebecca Zhang, Yijian Huang, Charles A Herzog, Collin Weber
BACKGROUND: Severe secondary hyperparathyroidism, which is associated with life-threatening complications, can develop in dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients. The aim of this study was to compare short- and long-term mortality in dialysis patients who underwent near-total parathyroidectomy (NTPTX) and matched nonoperated controls. STUDY DESIGN: We identified 150 dialysis patients who underwent NTPTX (1993-2009) at our institution and compared them with 1,044 nonoperated control patients identified in the US Renal Data System registry, matched for age, sex, race, diabetes as cause of kidney failure, years on dialysis, and dialysis modality...
April 2012: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Magdalena A Jonikas, Kenneth D Mandl
BACKGROUND: We sought to measure population-level adherence to antihyperlipidemics, antihypertensives, and oral hypoglycemics, and to develop a model for early identification of subjects at high risk of long-term poor adherence. METHODS: Prescription-filling data for 2 million subjects derived from a payor's insurance claims were used to evaluate adherence to three chronic drugs over 1 year. We relied on patterns of prescription fills, including the length of gaps in medication possession, to measure adherence among subjects and to build models for predicting poor long-term adherence...
July 2012: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Elizabeth C Wick, Andrew D Shore, Kenzo Hirose, Andrew M Ibrahim, Susan L Gearhart, Jonathan Efron, Jonathan P Weiner, Martin A Makary
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission is emerging as a quality indicator by the state, federal, and private payors with the goal of denying payment for select readmissions. OBJECTIVE: We designed a study to measure the rate, cost, and risk factors for hospital readmission after colorectal surgery. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: We reviewed commercial health insurance records of 10,882 patients who underwent colorectal surgery over a 7-year period (2002-2008)...
December 2011: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Robert S Kaplan, Michael E Porter
U.S. health care costs currently exceed 17% of GDP and continue to rise. One fundamental reason that providers are unable to reverse the trend is that they don't understand what it costs to deliver patient care or how those costs compare with outcomes. To put it bluntly, few health care providers measure the actual costs for treating a given patient with a given medical condition over a full cycle of care, or compare the costs they incur with the outcomes they achieve. What isn't measured cannot be managed or improved, and this is all too true in health care, where poor costing systems mean that effective and efficient providers go unrewarded, and inefficient ones have little incentive to improve...
September 2011: Harvard Business Review
Angela K Shen, Elizabeth Sobzcyk, Anna Buchanan, Lauren Wu, Sarah Duggan-Goldstein
At the 2nd National Immunization Congress held in Chicago, IL, from August 31-September 2, 2010, partners from government, provider groups, academia, and manufacturers gathered to discuss the progress made and the future of financing child, adolescent, and adult vaccines. The meeting is a continuation of a solution-oriented vaccine financing dialogue held in February 2007 at the 1st Immunization Congress. The need for this forum arose from concerns that increased costs of immunization could hinder the ability of current financing and delivery systems to maintain access without financial barriers...
January 1, 2011: Human Vaccines
James W Roach, Charles T Mehlman, James O Sanders
BACKGROUND: As the cost of medical care has steady risen, patients, insurance companies, and the government, have all appropriately questioned the benefit of the care provided versus the cost. Expensive treatments such as surgery for spinal deformity have been especially scrutinized. This article reviews the history of spinal implant usage in deformity surgery, including the benefits of these implants to the patient and also the associated costs. The paper was presented at the One Day Course during the 2009 Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America annual meeting in Boston...
January 2011: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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