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Zhiyuan Lǚ, Xin Kang, Zhonghuai Xiang, Ningjia He
Scleromitrula shiraiana causes the popcorn disease in mulberry trees resulting in severe economic losses. Previous studies have shown that melanin may play a vital role in establishing the pathogenicity of fungi. In the present study, we identified the melanin produced in S. shiraiana belongs to DHN melanin by GC-MS, and cloned the laccase Sh-lac, a potential DHN melanin biosynthesis gene from S. shiraiana. We obtained two stable Sh-lac silenced transformants using RNAi, ilac-4 and 8 to elucidate the DHN melanin biosynthetic pathway in S...
November 21, 2016: Phytopathology
Yuji Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Yousuke Shimazu, Tomotsugu Ichikawa, Isao Date
INTRODUCTION: Intraventricular cavernous angiomas are rare pathological entities, and those located at the foramen of Monro are even rarer. We herein present a case of cavernous angioma at the foramen of Monro that was successfully treated by neuroendoscope-assisted surgical removal, and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman had experienced headache and vomiting for 10 days before admission to another hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass at the foramen of Monro, and obstructive hydrocephalus of both lateral ventricles...
2016: SpringerPlus
Géraldine Coppin, Eva Pool, Sylvain Delplanque, Bastiaan Oud, Christian Margot, David Sander, Jay J Van Bavel
There is extensive evidence that social identities can shape people's attitudes and behavior, but what about sensory judgments? We examined the possibility that social identity concerns may also shape the judgment of non-social properties-namely, olfactory judgment. In two experiments, we presented Swiss and non-Swiss participants with the odor of chocolate, for which Switzerland is world-famous, and a control odor (popcorn). Swiss participants primed with Swiss identity reported the odor of chocolate (but not popcorn) as more intense than non-Swiss participants (Experiments 1 and 2) and than Swiss participants primed with individual identity or not primed (Experiment 2)...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Eva Ortner, Michael Granvogl, Peter Schieberle
Heat-processing of Brassica seeds led to the formation of a characteristic pleasant popcorn-like and coffee-like aroma impression compared to the mainly pea-like aroma of the corresponding raw seeds. To analyze this phenomenon on a molecular basis, raw and roasted white mustard seeds and rapeseeds were analyzed using the Sensomics approach. Application of comparative aroma extract dilution analysis (cAEDA) and identification experiments to raw and roasted (140 °C, 30 min) mustard seeds revealed 36 odorants (all identified for the first time) and 47 odorants (41 newly identified), respectively...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir, Ellen Alma Tryggvadottir, Bryndis Eva Birgisdottir, Thorhallur Ingi Halldorsson, Helga Medek, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition in pregnancy may affect growth, development and health of the child in the short and long term. We aimed to assess diet and nutrient intake among pregnant women in the capital area and evaluate differences in dietary intake between women who were overweight/obese and normal weight before pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant women aged 18-40 years (n=183) living in the capital area kept four day weighed food records to assess diet and nutrient intake in the 19th-24th week of pregnancy (n=98 with body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2; n=46 with BMI 25-29...
September 2016: Læknablađiđ
Dana E Amiraian, David J DiSantis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Valentine Yanchou Njike, Teresa M Smith, Omree Shuval, Kerem Shuval, Ingrid Edshteyn, Vahid Kalantari, Amy L Yaroch
In today's society, snacking contributes close to one-third of daily energy intake, with many snacks consisting of energy-dense and nutrient-poor foods. Choices made with regard to snacking are affected by a multitude of factors on individual, social, and environmental levels. Social norms, for example, that emphasize healthful eating are likely to increase the intake of nutrient-rich snacks. In addition, satiety, the feeling of fullness that persists after eating, is an important factor in suppressing overconsumption, which can lead to overweight and obesity...
September 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Léna Bassel, Vincent Motto-Ros, Florian Trichard, Frédéric Pelascini, Faten Ammari, Rémy Chapoulie, Catherine Ferrier, Delphine Lacanette, Bruno Bousquet
Cave walls are affected by different kinds of alterations involving preservative issues in the case of ornate caves, in particular regarding the rock art covering the walls. In this context, coralloids correspond to a facies with popcorn-like aspect belonging to the speleothem family, mostly composed of calcium carbonate. The elemental characterization indicates the presence of elements that might be linked to the diagenesis and the expansion of the alterations as demonstrated by prior analyses on stalagmites...
August 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Bonni C Hodges
The arrival of a new summer collegiate baseball league franchise to a small central New York city was seen as an opportunity for health promotion. The initiative was set up to explore two overarching questions: (1) Are summer collegiate baseball events acceptable to local public health organizations as viable places for health promotion activities addressing local health issues? (2) Are summer collegiate baseball organizations amenable to health promotion activities built in to their fan and/or player experiences? Planning and implementation were guided by precede-proceed, social cognitive theory, social marketing, and diffusion of innovations constructs...
August 18, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Ting Liang, Chunlin Chen, Xing Li, Jian Zhang
Porous carbon materials have drawn tremendous attention due to its applications in energy storage, gas/water purification, catalyst support, and other important fields. However, producing high-performance carbons via a facile and efficient route is still a big challenge. Here we report the synthesis of microporous carbon materials by employing a steam-explosion method with subsequent potassium activation and carbonization of the obtained popcorn. The obtained carbon features a large specific surface area, high porosity, and doped nitrogen atoms...
August 16, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Morgan E McCaw, Jason G Wallace, Patrice S Albert, Edward S Buckler, James A Birchler
Two lines of Zea mays were developed as a short-generation model for maize. The Fast-Flowering Mini-Maize (FFMM) lines A and B are robust inbred lines with a significantly shorter generation time, much smaller stature, and better greenhouse adaptation than traditional maize varieties. Five generations a year are typical. FFMM is the result of a modified double-cross hybrid between four fast-flowering lines: Neuffer's Early ACR (full color), Alexander's Early Early Synthetic, Tom Thumb Popcorn, and Gaspe Flint, followed by selection for early flowering and desirable morphology throughout an 11-generation selfing regime...
September 2016: Genetics
Parkpoom Siriarchavatana, Jessica D Ayers, Lon V Kendall
Alfaxalone encased in hydroxypropyl-β -cyclodextrin is a neuroactive steroid compound that has recently been approved in the United States for use as an anesthetic in dogs and cats. We evaluated the use of alfaxalone compared with ketamine, both alone and in combination with xylazine, for anesthesia of C57BL/6 mice. We assessed time to onset of anesthesia, duration of action, reflex responses, respiratory rate, and clinical signs. Alfaxalone (80 mg/kg IP) induced a light surgical plane of anesthesia in all mice, with a time to onset of 2...
2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
Kathleen Kreiss
For half of the 30-odd years that diacetyl-exposed workers have developed disabling lung disease, obliterative bronchiolitis was unrecognized as an occupational risk. Delays in its recognition as an occupational lung disease are attributable to the absence of a work-related temporal pattern of symptoms; failure to recognize clusters of cases; complexity of exposure environments; and absence of epidemiologic characterization of workforces giving rise to case clusters. Few physicians are familiar with this rare disease, and motivation to investigate the unknown requires familiarity with what is known and what is anomalous...
June 17, 2016: Toxicology
H J Ematné, J A R Nunes, K O G Dias, P E R Prado, J C Souza
Popcorn is widely consumed in Brazil, yet there are few breeding programs for this crop. Recurrent selection (RS) is a viable breeding alternative for popcorn; however, the gains achieved must be frequently checked. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of selection for grain type (round and pointed) after four cycles of phenotypic RS on the main agronomic traits of popcorn, to estimate the genetic gain achieved for the trait of expansion volume (EV), and to obtain estimates of phenotypic correlations for the main traits of the crop in the UFLA E and UFLA R populations...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Brielin C Brown, Chun Jimmie Ye, Alkes L Price, Noah Zaitlen
The increasing number of genetic association studies conducted in multiple populations provides an unprecedented opportunity to study how the genetic architecture of complex phenotypes varies between populations, a problem important for both medical and population genetics. Here, we have developed a method for estimating the transethnic genetic correlation: the correlation of causal-variant effect sizes at SNPs common in populations. This methods takes advantage of the entire spectrum of SNP associations and uses only summary-level data from genome-wide association studies...
July 7, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Nádia Costa, Rebeca Cruz, Pedro Graça, João Breda, Susana Casal
Consistent evidence exist on the harmful health effects of industrial trans fatty acids (TFA). In order to have accurate data on TFA intake and implement adequate measures to reduce their intake, each country should have updated estimates of TFA content in the diet. The objective of the present study was to provide data on the TFA content in food commercialized in the Portuguese market. The results on the TFA content of 268 samples acquired between October and December 2013 are reported. Samples were categorized as margarines and shortenings (n = 16), spreadable chocolate fats (n = 6), fried potatoes and chips (n = 25), industrial bakery (n = 4), breakfast cereals (n = 3), pastry products (n = 120), seasonings (n = 5), instant soups (n = 5), instant desserts (n = 6), chocolate snacks (n = 4), microwave popcorn (n = 4), cookies, biscuits and wafers (n = 53), and fast-food (n = 13), with butter (n = 4) included for comparison purposes...
June 2016: Food Control
Rekha Bhat, Pritish K Bhattacharyya, Howard Ratech
OBJECTIVES: Five proteins from the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor activating protein receptor (SNARE) complex family were studied in normal hematopoietic cells in bone marrow; normal lymphocytes at different stages of maturation and differentiation in bone marrow, thymus, tonsil, and lymph node; malignant lymphomas; and leukemias. METHODS: Sixty-eight reactive and 380 hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms were immunohistochemically stained for syntaxin 7 (STX7), vesicle-associated membrane proteins (VAMP2, VAMP7, VAMP8), and synaptosomal-associated protein 23 (SNAP23)...
May 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Elyahb Allie Kwizera, Elise Chaffin, Xiao Shen, Jingyi Chen, Qiang Zou, Zhiming Wu, Zheng Gai, Saheel Bhana, Ryan O'Connor, Lijia Wang, Hitesh Adhikari, Sanjay R Mishra, Yongmei Wang, Xiaohua Huang
Magnetic-plasmonic core-shell nanomaterials offer a wide range of applications across science, engineering and biomedical disciplines. However, the ability to synthesize and understand magnetic-plasmonic core-shell nanoparticles with tunable sizes and shapes remains very limited. This work reports experimental and computational studies on the synthesis and properties of iron oxide-gold core-shell nanoparticles of three different shapes (sphere, popcorn and star) with controllable sizes (70 to 250 nm). The nanoparticles were synthesized via a seed-mediated growth method in which newly formed gold atoms were added onto gold-seeded iron oxide octahedrons to form gold shell...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
Rachid Ammor, Assou Ajja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
G F Pena, A T do Amaral, R M Ribeiro, H C C Ramos, M S B Boechat, J S Santos, G S Mafra, S H Kamphorst, V J de Lima, M Vivas, G A de Souza Filho
Molecular markers are a useful tool for identification of complementary heterotic groups in breeding programs aimed at the production of superior hybrids, particularly for crops such as popcorn in which heterotic groups are not well-defined. The objective of the present study was to analyze the genetic diversity of 47 genotypes of tropical popcorn to identify possible heterotic groups for the development of superior hybrids. Four genotypes of high genetic value were studied: hybrid IAC 125, strain P2, and varieties UENF 14 and BRS Angela...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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