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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212468/-the-dissertation-as-a-final-product-of-a-specialty-in-medicine
#1
Manuel Ramiro-H, Enrique Cruz-A
Submitting a written report of a research proyect, also known as dissertation (or thesis), is one of the requirements established by academic institutions for the student to achieve the degree of specialist in medicine. Preparing the dissertation is not only an academic challenge for postgraduate students and professors; it is also a logistical challenge. Highlighting that effort and the dissertation itself will result in a better attention for the beneficiaries of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202141/non-intact-families-and-diverging-educational-destinies-a-decomposition-analysis-for-germany-italy-the-united-kingdom-and-the-united-states
#2
Fabrizio Bernardi, Diederik Boertien
We examine whether the presence of non-intact families in society is related to increased inequality in educational attainment according to social background, as suggested by the 'diverging destinies' thesis. We analyze four countries, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States, that differ in the prevalence of non-intact families and in the strength of the negative association between growing up in a non-intact family and children's educational attainment. We use a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition approach to calculate a 'counterfactual' estimate of differences in educational attainment between socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged children in the hypothetical absence of non-intact families...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199328/association-of-pvuii-and-xbai-polymorphisms-on-estrogen-receptor-alpha-esr1-gene-to-changes-into-serum-lipid-profile-of-post-menopausal-women-effects-of-aging-body-mass-index-and-breast-cancer-incidence
#3
Neuza Felix Gomes-Rochette, Letícia Soncini Souza, Bruno Otoni Tommasi, Diego França Pedrosa, Sérgio Ragi Eis, Irani do Carmo Francischetto Fin, Fernando Luiz Herkenhoff Vieira, Jones Bernardes Graceli, Letícia Batista Azevedo Rangel, Ian Victor Silva
Estrogen is a steroidal hormone involved in several physiological functions in the female body including regulation of serum lipid metabolism and breast cancer (BC). Estrogen actions on serum lipids mostly occur through its binding to intracellular Estrogen Receptor alpha (ERalpha) isoform, expressed in most of tissues. This gene (ESR1) exhibit many polymorphic sites (SNPs) located either on translated and non-translated regions that regulate ERalpha protein expression and function. This paper aimed to investigate the association of two intronic SNPs of ESR1 gene, namely c454-397T>C (PvuII) and c454-351A>G (XbaI) to alterations in serum levels of total cholesterol (T-chol), total lipid (TL), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides (TG) in a cohort of post-menopausal women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192857/translation-of-hecker-s-the-occipital-atlanto-axial-ligament-system-a-study-in-comparative-anatomy
#4
Peter C Oakes, Juan Pablo Sardi, Joe Iwanaga, Nitsa Topale, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
In 1922, Paul Hecker, a French physician and Head of Anatomy at the Medical College of Strasbourg published a sentinel thesis on the ligaments of the craniocervical junction based on a study of comparative anatomy. Unfortunately, this dissertation has been lost to history and until now, was unavailable in the English language. Herein, we present a translation of Hecker's work with an update in its nomenclature, which with modern imaging capabilities of the craniocervical junction is germane and timely. This article is protected by copyright...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186827/exploration-of-the-perceived-and-actual-benefits-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-the-impact-of-fads1-and-fads2-genetic-information-on-dietary-intake-and-blood-levels-of-epa-and-dha
#5
Kaitlin Roke
From a global health perspective, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are beneficial for human health. However, the consumption of EPA- and DHA-rich foods such as fatty fish is low in the Western diet. Therefore, finding new ways to motivate people to increase their consumption of omega-3 FAs is essential. To find effective ways to motivate individuals, understanding people's awareness of omega-3 FAs and how they obtain their knowledge about nutrition and health is critical...
February 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182296/ways-out-of-the-patenting-prohibition-human-parthenogenetic-and-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
Hannah Schickl, Matthias Braun, Peter Dabrock
According to the judgement of the European Court of Justice in 2014, human parthenogenetic stem cells are excluded from the patenting prohibition of procedures based on hESC by the European Biopatent Directive, because human parthenotes are not human embryos. This article is based on the thesis that in light of the technological advances in the field of stem cell research, the attribution of the term 'human embryo' to certain entities on a descriptive level as well as the attribution of a normative protection status to certain entities based on the criterion of totipotency, are becoming increasingly unclear...
February 9, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174551/perception-and-cognition-are-largely-independent-but-still-affect-each-other-in-systematic-ways-arguments-from-evolution-and-the-consciousness-attention-dissociation
#7
Carlos Montemayor, Harry H Haladjian
The main thesis of this paper is that two prevailing theories about cognitive penetration are too extreme, namely, the view that cognitive penetration is pervasive and the view that there is a sharp and fundamental distinction between cognition and perception, which precludes any type of cognitive penetration. These opposite views have clear merits and empirical support. To eliminate this puzzling situation, we present an alternative theoretical approach that incorporates the merits of these views into a broader and more nuanced explanatory framework...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173967/erratum-to-impact-of-the-bachelor-s-thesis-on-the-nursing-profession-nurse-educ-today-volume-35-issue-1-january-2015-pages-16-17
#8
Cristina Monforte-Royo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161857/on-developing-a-thesis-for-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility-fellowship-a-case-study-of-ultra-low-2-oxygen-tension-for-extended-culture-of-human-embryos
#9
REVIEW
Daniel J Kaser
Fellows in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility training are expected to complete 18 months of clinical, basic, or epidemiological research. The goal of this research is not only to provide the basis for the thesis section of the oral board exam but also to spark interest in reproductive medicine research and to provide the next generation of physician-scientists with a foundational experience in research design and implementation. Incoming fellows often have varying degrees of training in research methodology and, likewise, different career goals...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157549/severity-of-complicated-versus-uncomplicated-subthreshold-depression-new-evidence-on-the-monotonicity-thesis-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey
#10
Jerome C Wakefield, Mark F Schmitz
BACKGROUND: "Complicated" subthreshold depression (CsD) includes at least one of six pathosuggestive "complicated" symptoms: >6 months duration, marked role impairment, sense of worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic ideation, and psychomotor retardation. "Uncomplicated" subthreshold depression (UsD) has no complicated features. Whereas studies show that complicated (CMDD) versus uncomplicated (UMDD) major depression differ substantially in severity and prognosis, UsD and CsD severity has not been previously compared...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157065/complete-mesocolic-excision-an-assessment-of-feasibility-and-outcome
#11
Claus Anders Bertelsen
Surgery is the most important factor for radical treatment of colon cancer, and the long-term prognosis can be improved by improving the surgical treatment without increased risk of perioperative mortality. Complete mesocolic excision (CME), in which more extensive lymph node (LN) dissection is performed, has been shown in single-centre studies with historical controls to be associated with better oncological outcome. However, better evidence is needed. The main purpose of this PhD thesis was to investigate whether CME could be implemented in a colorectal surgical department in Denmark, whether more extensive dissection could demonstrate LN metastases outside the mesocolon, and to demonstrate a possible association between CME and improved oncological results without increased risk of perioperative mortality...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129601/pluripotent-cells-display-enhanced-resistance-to-mutagenesis
#12
Daniel J Cooper, I-Chung Chen, Christine Hernandez, Yufeng Wang, Christi A Walter, John R McCarrey
Pluripotent cells have been reported to exhibit lower frequencies of point mutations and higher levels of DNA repair than differentiated cells. This predicts that pluripotent cells are less susceptible to mutagenic exposures than differentiated cells. To test this prediction, we used a lacI mutation-reporter transgene system to assess the frequency of point mutations in multiple lines of mouse pluripotent embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent cells, as well as in multiple lines of differentiated fibroblast cells, before and after exposure to a moderate dose of the mutagen, methyl methanesulfonate...
January 6, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112849/synthesis-of-high-purity-imidazolium-tetrafluoroborates-and-bis-oxalato-borates
#13
Paulo Schmitz, Rene Jakelski, Kirsi Jalkanen, Martin Winter, Peter Bieker
The synthesis and purification of imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) with boron-containing anions is reported. The scope was the optimization of the meta thesis reaction and on the purification of the synthesized ILs. It was possible to reduce the reaction and purification times, to avoid the use of acetonitrile as processing solvent, and to increase the yield compared to the known procedure for [BOB](-) anion-containing ILs. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge the flashpoints of the ILs could be determined for the first time by the continuously closed-cup flashpoint (CCCFP) method...
January 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110255/the-impact-of-using-standardized-patients-in-psychiatric-cases-on-the-levels-of-motivation-and-perceived-learning-of-the-nursing-students
#14
Gamze Sarikoc, Celale Tangul Ozcan, Melih Elcin
BACKGROUND: The use of standardized patients is not very common in psychiatric nursing education and there has been no study conducted in Turkey. AIM: This study evaluated the impact of using standardized patients in psychiatric cases on the levels of motivation and perceived learning of the nursing students. DESIGN: This manuscript addressed the quantitative aspect of a doctoral thesis study in which both quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
January 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109306/impact-of-trauma-system-structure-on-injury-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Lynne Moore, Howard Champion, Gerard O'Reilly, Ari Leppaniemi, Peter Cameron, Cameron Palmer, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Belinda Gabbe, Christine Gaarder, Natalie Yanchar, Henry Thomas Stelfox, Raul Coimbra, John Kortbeek, Vanessa Noonan, Amy Gunning, Luke Leenan, Malcolm Gordon, Monty Khajanchi, Michèle Shemilt, Valérie Porgo, Alexis F Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Injury represents one of the greatest public health challenges of our time with over 5 million deaths and 100 million people temporarily or permanently disabled every year worldwide. The effectiveness of trauma systems in decreasing injury mortality and morbidity has been well demonstrated. However, the organisation of trauma care varies significantly across trauma systems and we know little about which components of trauma systems contribute to their effectiveness. The objective of the study described in this protocol is to systematically review evidence of the impact of trauma system components on clinically significant outcomes including mortality, function and disability, quality of life, and resource utilization...
January 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108364/from-natalizumab-to-fingolimod-in-eight-weeks-immunological-clinical-and-radiological-data-in-quest-of-the-optimal-switch
#16
Andrea Harrer, Georg Pilz, Katrin Oppermann, Marlene Sageder, Shahrzad Afazel, Elisabeth Haschke-Becher, Theo Rispens, Annick de Vries, Mark McCoy, Vlado Stevanovic, Wolfgang Hitzl, Eugen Trinka, Jörg Kraus, Johann Sellner, Peter Wipfler
Natalizumab (NZB) discontinuation during a treatment change is associated with recurrence of disease activity in a significant proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The immunological basis why disease reactivation occurs in selected patients is unresolved. In search of a prognostic biomarker for a safe and effective transition from NZB to fingolimod, we monitored five parameters related to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of the two drugs in 12 MS patients until six months on fingolimod...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103543/-digitally-inking-in-the-21st-century
#17
Michelle Annett
The ubiquity and mobility of contemporary computing devices has enabled users to consume content, anytime, anywhere. Yet, when we need to create content, touch input is far from perfect. When coupled with touch input, the stylus should enable users to simultaneously ink, manipulate the page, and switch between tools with ease, so why has the stylus yet to achieve universal adoption? Michelle Annett's thesis sought to understand the usability barriers and tensions that have prevented stylus input from gaining traction and reaching widespread adoption...
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102796/-nursing-can-t-be-done-alone
#18
Layla Haidrani
When and why did you develop an interest in research? After completing my master's thesis at Emory University in Georgia, United States, I realised that I enjoyed the precise and methodological approach of scientists in their pursuit of answering compelling health problems. I started out interested in children's health and engagement of their families and I have maintained that initial interest in promoting health and preventing disease in children.
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096749/evidence-based-information-needs-of-public-health-workers-a-systematized-review
#19
REVIEW
Jill Barr-Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed public health workers' evidence-based information needs, based on a review of the literature using a systematic search strategy. This study is based on a thesis project conducted as part of the author's master's in public health coursework and is considered a systematized review. METHODS: Four databases were searched for English-language articles published between 2005 and 2015: PubMed, Web of Science, Library Literature & Information Science Index, and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA)...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096252/understanding-the-importance-of-therapeutic-relationships-in-the-development-of-self-management-behaviours-during-cancer-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-research-protocol
#20
Wendy M Wilkinson, Jaynie Rance, Deborah Fitzsimmons
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a growing health, social and economic problem. 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop cancer in their lifetime. With survival rates rising to over 50%, the long-term needs of cancer survivors are of growing importance. Cancer rehabilitation is tailored to address the physical or psychosocial decline in ability to engage in daily activities. Its use is supported by high-quality international, multicentre research. Incorporating strategies for self-management behaviour development into rehabilitation can prepare individuals for cancer survivorship...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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