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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096749/evidence-based-information-needs-of-public-health-workers-a-systematized-review
#1
REVIEW
Jill Barr-Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed public health workers' evidence-based information needs, based on a review of the literature using a systematic search strategy. This study is based on a thesis project conducted as part of the author's master's in public health coursework and is considered a systematized review. METHODS: Four databases were searched for English-language articles published between 2005 and 2015: PubMed, Web of Science, Library Literature & Information Science Index, and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA)...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096252/understanding-the-importance-of-therapeutic-relationships-in-the-development-of-self-management-behaviours-during-cancer-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-research-protocol
#2
Wendy M Wilkinson, Jaynie Rance, Deborah Fitzsimmons
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a growing health, social and economic problem. 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop cancer in their lifetime. With survival rates rising to over 50%, the long-term needs of cancer survivors are of growing importance. Cancer rehabilitation is tailored to address the physical or psychosocial decline in ability to engage in daily activities. Its use is supported by high-quality international, multicentre research. Incorporating strategies for self-management behaviour development into rehabilitation can prepare individuals for cancer survivorship...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093238/a-model-of-the-mitochondrial-basis-of-bipolar-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Ken Walder, Sean L McGee, Olivia M Dean, Susannah J Tye, Michael Maes, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder phenomenologically is a biphasic disorder of energy availability; increased in mania and decreased in depression. In consort, there is accumulating evidence indicating increased mitochondrial respiration and ATP production in bipolar mania which contrasts with decreased mitochondrial function in patients in the euthymic or depressive phase of the illness. Consequently, the central thesis of this paper is that bipolar disorder is due to a phasic dysregulation of mitochondrial biogenergetics...
January 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092138/nursing-students-attitudes-toward-research-and-development-within-nursing-does-writing-a-bachelor-thesis-make-a-difference
#4
Aynur Uysal Toraman, Güler Hamaratçılar, Begüm Tülü, Özüm Erkin
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of writing a bachelor's thesis on nursing students' attitudes towards research and development in nursing. The study sample consisted of 91 nursing students who were required to complete a bachelor's thesis and 89 nursing students who were not required to complete a bachelor's thesis. Data were collected via self-report questionnaire that was distributed in May and June 2012. The questionnaire comprised 3 parts: (1) demographic items; (2) questions about "scientific activities," and (3) the nursing students' attitudes towards and awareness of research and development within nursing scale (version 2)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078171/could-revision-of-the-embryology-influence-our-cesarean-delivery-technique-towards-an-optimized-cesarean-delivery-for-universal-use
#5
Michael Stark, Ospan Mynbaev, Yuri Vassilevski, Patrick Rozenberg
Until today, there is no standardized Cesarean Section method and many variations exist. The main variations concern the type of abdominal incision, usage of abdominal packs, suturing the uterus in one or two layers, and suturing the peritoneal layers or leaving them open. One of the questions is the optimal location of opening the uterus. Recently, omission of the bladder flap was recommended. The anatomy and histology as results from the embryological knowledge might help to solve this question. The working thesis is that the higher the incision is done, the more damage to muscle tissue can take place contrary to incision in the lower segment, where fibrous tissue prevails...
July 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077739/the-emergence-of-undergraduate-majors-in-global-health-systematic-review-of-programs-and-recommendations-for-future-directions
#6
Paul K Drain, Charles Mock, David Toole, Anne Rosenwald, Megan Jehn, Thomas Csordas, Laura Ferguson, Caryl Waggett, Chinekwu Obidoa, Judith N Wasserheit
Global health education has been expanding rapidly and several universities have created an undergraduate major degree (bachelor's degree) in global heath or global health studies. Because there are currently no national guidelines for undergraduate degrees in global health, each of these programs was developed along individual lines. To guide the development of future global health majors, we conducted a systematic review of undergraduate majors in global health. We identified eight programs and invited program directors or representatives to a symposium at the Consortium of Universities for Global Health 2016 conference to review their existing undergraduate major in global health and to discuss lessons learned and recommendations for other colleges and universities seeking to develop undergraduate degrees in global health...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068533/the-weight-of-inequalities-duration-of-residence-and-offspring-s-birthweight-among-migrant-mothers-in-sweden
#7
Sol P Juárez, Anders Hjern
In this study we assessed the effect duration of residence on the association between maternal origin and birthweight in Sweden. Considering sibling information, we also investigated how far the presence or lack of such an effect could be biased by the use of cross-sectional data, since there may be a selection among those mothers who decide to have a child soon after moving to the country (e.g. those with a more stable family situation). Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register for the period 1992-2012, we performed linear and multinomial regressions, multilevel linear regressions, and random effect meta-analysis...
December 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064253/the-ethics-of-clinical-care-and-the-ethics-of-clinical-research-yin-and-yang
#8
Charles J Kowalski, Raymond J Hutchinson, Adam J Mrdjenovich
The Belmont Report's distinction between research and the practice of accepted therapy has led various authors to suggest that these purportedly distinct activities should be governed by different ethical principles. We consider some of the ethical consequences of attempts to separate the two and conclude that separation fails along ontological, ethical, and epistemological dimensions. Clinical practice and clinical research, as with yin and yang, can be thought of as complementary forces interacting to form a dynamic system in which the whole exceeds the sum of its parts...
February 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063120/the-is-ought-problem-in-practical-ethics
#9
Georg Spielthenner
This article is concerned with the role empirical research can play in normative practical ethics. There is no doubt that ethical research requires some kind of collaboration between normative disciplines and empirical sciences. But many researchers hold that empirical science is only assigned a subordinate role, due to the doctrine that normative conclusions cannot be justified by descriptive premises. Scientists working in the field of ethics commonly hold, however, that the empirical sciences should play a much bigger role in ethical research...
January 6, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050052/the-hematologic-definition-of-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-in-relation-to-paraproteinemic-keratopathy-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#10
Walter Lisch, Joanna Wasielica-Poslednik, Tero Kivelä, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Jens M Rohrbach, Walter Sekundo, Uwe Pleyer, Christina Lisch, Alexander Desuki, Heidi Rossmann, Jayne S Weiss
PURPOSE: To determine if paraproteinemic keratopathy (PPK) in the setting of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) causes distinct patterns of corneal opacification that can be distinguished from hereditary, immunologic, or inflammatory causes. METHODS: A retrospective, interventional study of patients showed distinct bilateral opacity patterns of the cornea at the eye clinics of Hanau, Mainz, Helsinki, Marburg, and Berlin between 1993 and 2015...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050051/discordant-dry-eye-disease-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#11
Roni M Shtein, Daniel E Harper, Vincent Pallazola, Steven E Harte, Munira Hussain, Alan Sugar, David A Williams, Daniel J Clauw
PURPOSE: To improve understanding of dry eye disease and highlight a subgroup of patients who have a component of central sensitization and neuropathic pain contributing to their condition. METHODS: Prospective, cross-sectional, IRB-approved study comparing isolated dry eye disease (n=48) to fibromyalgia (positive control; n=23) and healthy (negative control; n=26) individuals with ocular surface examination, corneal confocal microscopy, quantitative sensory testing, and self-reported ocular symptoms and systemic associations...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047113/su-g-tep2-13-patient-specific-reduction-of-range-uncertainties-in-proton-therapy-by-proton-radiography-with-a-multi-layer-ionization-chamber
#12
S Deffet, P Farace, R Righetto, B Macq, F Vander Stappen
PURPOSE: The conversion from Hounsfield units (HU) to stopping powers is a major source of range uncertainty in proton therapy (PT). Our contribution shows how proton radiographs (PR) acquired with a multi-layer ionization chamber in a PT center can be used for accurate patient positioning and subsequently for patient-specific optimization of the conversion from HU to stopping powers. METHODS: A multi-layer ionization chamber was used to measure the integral depth-dose (IDD) of 220 MeV pencil beam spots passing through several anthropomorphic phantoms...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046695/mo-de-bra-03-the-ottawa-medical-physics-institute-ompi-a-practical-model-for-academic-program-collaboration-in-a-multi-centre-city
#13
M McEwen, D Rogers, P Johns/Sup
PURPOSE: To build a world-class medical physics educational program that capitalizes on expertise distributed over several clinical, government, and academic centres. Few if any of these centres would have the critical mass to solely resource a program. METHODS: In order to enable an academic program, stakeholders from five institutions made a proposal to Carleton University for a) a research network with defined membership requirements and a process for accepting new members, and b) a graduate specialization (MSc and PhD) in medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042663/all-our-sons-the-developmental-neurobiology-and-neuroendocrinology-of-boys-at-risk
#14
Allan N Schore
Why are boys at risk? To address this question, I use the perspective of regulation theory to offer a model of the deeper psychoneurobiological mechanisms that underlie the vulnerability of the developing male. The central thesis of this work dictates that significant gender differences are seen between male and female social and emotional functions in the earliest stages of development, and that these result from not only differences in sex hormones and social experiences but also in rates of male and female brain maturation, specifically in the early developing right brain...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042512/the-measurement-of-bone-quality-using-gray-level-co-occurrence-matrix-textural-features
#15
Mukul Shirvaikar, Ning Huang, Xuanliang Neil Dong
In this paper, statistical methods for the estimation of bone quality to predict the risk of fracture are reported. Bone mineral density and bone architecture properties are the main contributors of bone quality. Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is the traditional clinical measurement technique for bone mineral density, but does not include architectural information to enhance the prediction of bone fragility. Other modalities are not practical due to cost and access considerations. This study investigates statistical parameters based on the Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) extracted from two-dimensional projection images and explores links with architectural properties and bone mechanics...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042184/the-palisades-of-vogt-in-congenital-corneal-opacification-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#16
Ken K Nischal, Kira L Lathrop
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are first, to determine if the palisades of Vogt (POV) are present or absent in cases of congenital corneal opacification (CCO) by using spectral domain ocular coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and second, in those cases already undergoing penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), to see whether the absence or presence of POV corresponds to re-epithelialization following transplant. METHODS: This was a retrospective case review of 20 eyes (10 normal, 10 with CCO) evaluated with SD-OCT...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039682/citicoline-for-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#17
Ali Meshkini, Mohammad Meshkini, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity especially in young ages. Despite over 30 years of using Neuroprotective agents for TBI management, there is no absolute recommended agent for the condition yet. METHODS: This study is a part of a scoping review thesis on "Neuroprotective agents using for Traumatic Brain Injury: a systematic review & meta-analyses", which had a wide proposal keywords and ran in "Cochrane CENTRAL", "MedLine/PubMed", "SCOPUS", "Thomson Reuters Web of Science", "SID...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032785/psychology-and-neuroscience-how-close-are-we-to-an-integrative-perspective-reply-to-staats-2016-and-tryon-2016
#18
Seth J Schwartz, Scott O Lilienfeld, Alan Meca, Katheryn C Sauvigné
This article responds to commentaries written by Warren Tryon (2016) and Arthur Staats (2016) concerning Schwartz, Lilienfeld, Meca, and Sauvigné (2016). In this reply, we reiterate our key thesis-that psychology, and the problems it addresses, are likely best approached from multiple levels of analysis. Unlike Tryon, we are not convinced that neural networks and computational neuroscience provide a single template through which all of psychology can be integrated. We are in agreement with Staats that attempts to reduce psychological phenomena to neural events alone are likely to be misleading and unproductive...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018010/uveal-melanoma-cell-lines-where-do-they-come-from-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#19
Martine J Jager, J Antonio Bermudez Magner, Bruce R Ksander, Sander R Dubovy
PURPOSE: To determine whether some of the most often used uveal melanoma cell lines resemble their original tumor. METHODS: Analysis of the literature, patient charts, histopathology, mutations, chromosome status, HLA type, and expression of melanocyte markers on cell lines and their primary tumors. We examined five cell lines and the primary tumors from which they were derived. RESULTS: Four of the five examined primary tumors were unusual: one occupied the orbit, two were recurrences after prior irradiation, and one developed in an eye with a nevus of Ota...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006954/the-neuroprotective-effect-of-dimethyl-fumarate-in-a-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-involvement-of-reactive-oxygen-species-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nuclear-transcription-factor-related-to-nf-e2
#20
Michela Campolo, Giovanna Casili, Flavia Biundo, Rosalia Crupi, Marika Cordaro, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Emanuela Esposito
AIM: Oxidative stress plays a key role in Parkinson's disease (PD) and nuclear transcription factor related to NF-E2 (Nrf-2) is involved in neuroprotection against PD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neurotherapeutic action, NF-κB/Nrf-2 dependent, of DMF in a mouse model of PD and in vitro SHSY-5Y cells. RESULTS: Daily oral gavage of DMF (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg) significantly reduced neuronal degeneration of dopaminergic tract and behavioral impairments induced by four injections of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)...
December 23, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
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