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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925101/politicy-of-care-in-the-criticism-towards-gender-stereotypes
#1
Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Beatriz Padilla
Objectives: analyze gender inequalities among Brazilian women in Portugal and in contemporary nursing based on care politicity in the light of gender; disclose oppression of the female produced by the stereotypes that look upon women as natural caregivers; point out politicity to deconstruct gender stereotypes. Method: theoretical reflection with narrative review of literature to analyze classic references in the feminist epistemology combined with the care politicity thesis...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923839/an-examination-of-the-neural-unreliability-thesis-of-autism
#2
John S Butler, Sophie Molholm, Gizely N Andrade, John J Foxe
An emerging neuropathological theory of Autism, referred to here as "the neural unreliability thesis," proposes greater variability in moment-to-moment cortical representation of environmental events, such that the system shows general instability in its impulse response function. Leading evidence for this thesis derives from functional neuroimaging, a methodology ill-suited for detailed assessment of sensory transmission dynamics occurring at the millisecond scale. Electrophysiological assessments of this thesis, however, are sparse and unconvincing...
December 6, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#3
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910803/the-prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-tmprss2-erg-gene-fusion-and-erg-protein-expression-in-prostate-cancer-biopsies
#4
Kasper Drimer Berg
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of prostate carcinoma (PCa) is very heterogeneous. Consequently, a personalised approach for risk stratification and treatment planning is important. Recently, it has become evident that PCa, also at the genomic level, is heterogeneous. An early and common alteration is the gene fusion between the transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) gene and the v-ets avian erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog (ERG) gene resulting in expression of the oncoprotein ERG...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906011/prevalence-of-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-coinfection-in-ghana-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Akosua Adom Agyeman, Richard Ofori-Asenso
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality and may impact significantly on healthcare resource utilization. However, in Ghana, accurate estimates of the prevalence of HIV/HBV coinfection needed to inform policy decisions and the design of public health interventions are currently lacking. In this study, our aim was to determine the HIV/HBV coinfection prevalence rate in Ghana. METHODS: Primary studies reporting prevalence of HIV/HBV coinfection in Ghana were retrieved through searches conducted in PubMed, science direct, Google scholar and Africa journals online (AJOL) databases...
May 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886726/what-fosters-concern-for-inequality-among-american-adolescents
#6
Erin A Cech
Understanding cultural beliefs about social and economic inequality is vital to discerning the roadblocks and pathways to addressing that inequality. The foundation of concern for inequality is laid during adolescence, yet scholars understand little about the factors that influence whether and how adolescents come to express such concern. Arguing that structural and cultural contexts are just as consequential as whether adolescents themselves are members of disadvantaged groups, I draw on four theoretical perspectives to identify factors that influence adolescents' concern for addressing inequality: the underdog thesis, intergroup contact theory, the education enlightens thesis, and ideological buttressing...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#7
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882636/fear-of-knowledge-clinical-hypotheses-in-diagnostic-and-prognostic-reasoning
#8
Daniele Chiffi, Renzo Zanotti
Patients are interested in receiving accurate diagnostic and prognostic information. Models and reasoning about diagnoses have been extensively investigated from a foundational perspective; however, for all its importance, prognosis has yet to receive a comparable degree of philosophical and methodological attention, and this may be due to the difficulties inherent in accurate prognostics. In the light of these considerations, we discuss a considerable body of critical thinking on the topic of prognostication and its strict relations with diagnostic reasoning, pointing out the distinction between nosographic and pathophysiological types of diagnosis and prognosis, underlying the importance of the explication and explanation processes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#9
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881886/tank-binding-kinase-1-tbk1-gene-and-open-angle-glaucomas-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#10
John H Fingert, Alan L Robin, Todd E Scheetz, Young H Kwon, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Robert Ritch, Wallace L M Alward
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) gene copy-number variations (ie, gene duplications and triplications) in the pathophysiology of various open-angle glaucomas. METHODS: In previous studies, we discovered that copy-number variations in the TBK1 gene are associated with normal-tension glaucoma. Here, we investigated the prevalence of copy-number variations in cohorts of patients with other open-angle glaucomas-juvenile-onset open-angle glaucoma (n=30), pigmentary glaucoma (n=209), exfoliation glaucoma (n=225), and steroid-induced glaucoma (n=79)-using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878793/novel-cases-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-after-treatment-of-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformationss
#11
Michael Linnebank, Cameron G McDougall, Stefanie Krueger, Saskia Biskup, Manuela Neumann, Michael Weller, Antonios Valavanis, Johannes Prudlo
Previous case studies reported nine patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) who developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) after AVM embolisation. Here, we describe three novel cases of ALS which developed 13-34 years after treatment, including embolisation, of cerebral AVM. This study provides further arguments supporting the thesis that embolisation of cerebral AVM might influence the risk of later ALS development.
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872199/somatic-individuality-in-context-a-comparative-case-study
#12
Kelly Pender
Scholars have challenged the totalizing nature of the "geneticization thesis," arguing that its brushstrokes are too broad to capture the complicated nature of the new genetics. One such challenge has come from Nikolas Rose's argument that genetic medicine is governed by a new biopolitics in which patients understand themselves as "somatic individuals" who treat their bodies as an "ethical substance" to be worked on in order to secure a healthier future. I argue that Rose's argument, while compelling, paints the new genetics in equally broad brushstrokes and that in order for a concept like somatic individuality to become useful, we must study its manifestation across different communities of at-risk individuals...
November 21, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866211/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-genes-involved-in-repair-of-oxidative-dna-damage-and-the-risk-of-recurrent-depressive-disorder
#13
Piotr Czarny, Dominik Kwiatkowski, Monika Toma, Piotr Gałecki, Agata Orzechowska, Kinga Bobińska, Anna Bielecka-Kowalska, Janusz Szemraj, Michael Berk, George Anderson, Tomasz Śliwiński
BACKGROUND Depressive disorder, including recurrent type (rDD), is accompanied by increased oxidative stress and activation of inflammatory pathways, which may induce DNA damage. This thesis is supported by the presence of increased levels of DNA damage in depressed patients. Such DNA damage is repaired by the base excision repair (BER) pathway. BER efficiency may be influenced by polymorphisms in BER-related genes. Therefore, we genotyped nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in six genes encoding BER proteins...
November 20, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855042/-the-importance-of-thesis-in-specialization-courses-in-medicine
#14
Manuel Ramiro-H, Enrique Cruz-A
The development of a thesis goes far beyond a mere compliance with the methodological requirements and evidence that students have sufficient knowledge that the profession demands. A thesis is usually the first academic and research work that students publish, it is also the result of commitment and dedication to the field of medicine in which they will be developing, which reflects motivations and interests, as well as their reflection to a specific problem.
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852827/cell-scientist-to-watch-sabine-petry
#15
(no author information available yet)
Originally from Germany, Sabine Petry received her Diploma (MSc) from Goethe University in Frankfurt and undertook her Master's thesis at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics. She then moved to the UK to pursue a PhD under the supervision of Venki Ramakrishnan at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. In 2008, Sabine started her postdoctoral work in the laboratory of Ron Vale at the University of California, San Francisco as an EMBO fellow and then an HHMI postdoctoral fellow of the Life Science Research Foundation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849430/the-normalization-of-cannabis-use-among-bangladeshi-and-pakistani-youth-a-new-frontier-for-the-normalization-thesis
#16
Lisa Williams, Rob Ralphs, Paul Gray
BACKGROUND: The Asian population in Britain has grown, representing the second largest ethnic group; Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Indian nationalities are prevalent (Jivraj, 2012 ; Office for National Statistics, 2013 ). Yet, we know relatively little about the nature and extent of their substance use. Jayakody et al. ( 2006 ) argue ethnic minority groups may be influenced by the norms and values of the dominant culture. Given recreational drug use has undergone a process of normalization in Britain (Aldridge et al...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848191/plagiarism-cheating-and-research-integrity-case-studies-from-a-masters-program-in-peru
#17
Andres M Carnero, Percy Mayta-Tristan, Kelika A Konda, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, German F Alvarado, Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Jorge L Maguiña, Eddy R Segura, Antonio M Quispe, Edward S Smith, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano
Plagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011-2014) of an Epidemiology Masters program in Lima, Peru, and describes the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, "zero-tolerance" policy aimed at introducing research integrity...
November 15, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846910/an-assessment-of-the-barriers-to-accessing-the-basic-package-of-health-services-bphs-in-afghanistan-was-the-bphs-a-success
#18
REVIEW
Alexandra Frost, Matthew Wilkinson, Peter Boyle, Preeti Patel, Richard Sullivan
Afghanistan is one of the most fragile and conflict-affected countries in the world. It has experienced almost uninterrupted conflict for the last thirty years, with the present conflict now lasting over a decade. With no history of a functioning healthcare system, the creation of the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) in 2003 was a response to Afghanistan's dire health needs following decades of war. Its objective was to provide a bare minimum of essential health services, which could be scaled up rapidly through contracting mechanisms with Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)...
November 15, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846349/-the-value-of-a-thesis
#19
M I Encalada-Díaz
No Abstract available.
March 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829647/science-passion-compassion-vs-cancer-tania-crombet-md-phd-director-of-clinical-research-molecular-immunology-center-havana
#20
Conner Gory
Soon after the Molecular Immunology Center (CIM) was established in 1994 (a founding institution of Havana's biotechnology and pharmaceutical campus known as the scientific pole), Dr Crombet completed her master's thesis there. She joined CIM's team in 1998 and in 2004 was designated Director of Clinical Research. She has participated in the research, development and clinical trials of some of Cuba's most innovative therapies and vaccines, including CIMAvax-EGF for non-small cell lung cancer patients. In 2015, this therapy completed Phase IV clinical trials in Cuba and is now used in primary health care services throughout the country's national health system...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
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