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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931752/tackling-clinical-inertia-the-use-of-co-production-to-improve-patient-engagement
#1
REVIEW
Carmen Soto, William David Strain
Clinical inertia is common in all chronic diseases including diabetes. Despite the advent of newer agents for the management of hyperglycaemia, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, the number of people with diabetes hitting all three targets remains small. The causes of clinical inertia are multifactorial, with contributory elements from people with diabetes, physicians, and the system within which they work. Every healthcare provider should havethe best interest of their patients at heart;most people with diabetes want to maintain their health for as long as possible; and the maintenance of good health is not only the purpose of the system, but also the most cost-effective strategy...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928244/husserlian-phenomenology-as-a-kind-of-introspection
#2
Christopher Gutland
The thesis of this article is that Husserl's proposed method for intuitively exploring the essential or a priori laws of consciousness is a kind of introspection. After a first reflection on the meaning of "introspection," four elements of Husserl's methodology are introduced: the principle of all principles, epoché , phenomenological reduction, and eidetic variation. These features are then individually related to six common features Eric Schwitzgebel mentions in his definition of introspection in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy ...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921702/cell-scientist-to-watch-sandra-rieger
#3
(no author information available yet)
Sandra Rieger studied at the University of Applied Sciences at Fulda, Germany, and wrote her diploma thesis in collaboration with Zyomyx, Inc. (San Francisco, USA). She then joined the laboratory of Reinhard Koester at the Helmholtz Center in Munich to complete her PhD in developmental neurobiology in 2008. For her postdoctoral studies, Sandra moved to the University of California, Los Angeles to work with Alvaro Sagasti on axon regeneration in zebrafish. Since 2011, she has been Assistant Professor for regenerative biology and medicine at the MDI Biological Laboratory in Maine, USA...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910181/fifth-year-internal-medicine-residents-in-spain-a-survey-on-education-assessment-of-competencies-and-job-perspectives
#4
C Macía-Rodríguez, M L López Reboiro, D Martín Iglesias, A González-Munera, J Moreno Diaz, A Montaño Martínez, G Ortiz Llauradó, P Demelo-Rodríguez, C Muñoz Muñoz, F Salgado Ordoñez
BACKGROUND: Specialist training is based on the gradual acquisition of expertise, skills and responsibilities. The aim of this study is to determine the opinion of residents regarding their training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study based on an online survey of 5th-year residents during February and March 2017. RESULTS: A total of 194 residents (62.8% of the total) responded to the survey, 62.9% of whom were women and 50% of whom were younger than 30years, representing hospitals from all levels and from the 17 autonomous communities...
June 14, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907323/taking-the-measure-of-the-profession-physician-associations-in-the-measurement-age
#5
REVIEW
Baruch Levi, Amos Zehavi, David Chinitz
Systematic measurement of healthcare services enables evaluation of health professionals' quality of work. Whereas policy makers find measurement a useful mechanism for quality improvement, a public choice perspective implies that physicians would resent such an initiative, which undermines their professional autonomy. In this article, we compare two healthcare systems of economically developed countries - Israel and the UK. Both systems share common features such as universal coverage, strong state intervention, and enthusiasm for New Public Management...
June 8, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904521/communicating-microbiology-concepts-from-multiple-contexts-through-poster-presentations
#6
Amy Borello Gruss
Accredited environmental engineering degrees require graduates to be able to apply their scholarship to concepts of professional practice and design. This transferable skill of relating what you learn in one setting to another situation is vital for all professions, not just engineering. A course project involving designing and presenting a professional poster was implemented to enhance student mastery in Environmental Engineering Microbiology while also developing communication and transferable skills vital for all majors...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901242/how-to-make-a-particular-case-for-person-centred-patient-care-a-commentary-on-alexandra-parvan
#7
George Graham
In recent years, a person-centred approach to patient care in cases of mental illness has been promoted as an alternative to a disease orientated approach. Alexandra Parvan's contribution to the person-centred approach serves to motivate an exploration of the approach's most apt metaphysical assumptions. I argue that a metaphysical thesis or assumption about both persons and their uniqueness is an essential element of being person-centred. I apply the assumption to issues such as the disorder/disease distinction and to the continuity of mental health and illness...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898134/julio-tello-as-a-medical-anthropologist-assessing-the-antiquity-of-syphilis-in-ancient-peru
#8
Christian Mesía-Montenegro
This paper explores the methods used by Julio Tello to address the antiquity of syphilis in ancient Peru, examining his thesis La antigüedad de la sífilis en el antiguo Perú to understand the logic behind the procedures he used to test his hypothesis. The contention presented here is that despite being a medical thesis, his text can actually be considered an exploration of the origins of syphilis using a truly anthropological method, making Tello a pioneer in the subfield of medical anthropology in the Andes...
April 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897641/magnetic-resonance-cold-pressor-test-to-investigate-potential-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-suffering-from-type-1-diabetes
#9
Andreas M Weng, Stefan Wilimsky, Gwendolyn Bender, Stefanie Hahner, Herbert Köstler, Christian O Ritter
BACKGROUND: In its course, diabetes impairs microvascular function through endothelial dysfunction. As the response of myocardial perfusion to sympathetic stimulation through cold is modulated by endothelium-related factors, an incipient endothelial dysfunction might be observed noninvasively by investigation of myocardial perfusion with a cold pressor test (CPT). This approach has been used in clinical MRI previously. PURPOSE: To assess endothelial function of patients suffering from type 1 diabetes by MR CPT...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894409/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-preventing-occupational-irritant-hand-dermatitis-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#10
Zoi Papadatou, Hector Williams, Kay Cooper
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education and complex interventions (a combination of two or more of the interventions listed here) in preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) in wet workers, comparing each intervention to an alternative intervention or to usual care (workers' regular skin care regimen). INTRODUCTION: The most significant occupational skin problem potentially encountered in wet work occupations is occupational dermatitis...
June 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893428/the-nursing-positive-recruitment-arabic-model-nurs-p-r-a-m-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Eman Tawash, Seamus Cowman
AIM: To identify factors influencing high school students' choice of nursing and explore strategic interventions to promote nursing as a career in the Arab region. BACKGROUND: This study forms part of a PhD thesis, conducted in Bahrain, in a healthcare environment with a high dependence on expatriate nurses to maintain nursing services. However, in attracting local candidates to study nursing, the public image of nursing in the Middle East must be improved by implementing strategies that are sensitive to the Arabic culture...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884984/a-case-of-undeclared-debt-claude-l%C3%A3-vi-strauss-ambiguities-and-paradoxes-toward-analytical-psychology
#12
Florent Serina
If his relationship to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis has been widely acknowledged, Claude Lévi-Strauss' rapport with C.G. Jung's analytical psychology remains quite obscure. While secondary commentary has been abundant, its approach has above all been intertextual, to the detriment of a rigorously historical reading. Even if certain arguments put forward by supporters of so-called "influence" deserve to be taken into account, especially because they highlight Lévi-Strauss ambiguities and paradoxes toward Jung, this paper provides proof that a precise reading of the texts, with the help of recent studies on the intellectual genesis of Lévi-Strauss, lead to reject the thesis of an unstated debt owed by the French anthropologist to the Zurich psychologist...
June 9, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873055/theses-publications-in-scientific-indexed-journals-the-study-of-theses-supported-at-tunis-faculty-of-medecine-from-2008-to2010
#13
Aschraf Chadli-Debbiche, Emna Abidi, Nèbiha Falfoul-Borsali, Ali Mrabet, Chadli Dziri, Héla Elloumi
INTRODUCTION: The classification of performing universities in the world based on the number of citations of universities scientific publications. However, the rate of publications resulting from theses to the Tunis Faculty of Medicine (FMT) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the publication rates of theses in indexed journals. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of theses of all specialties, supported in the FMT from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010...
October 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871701/reconsidering-the-role-of-language-in-medicine
#14
Berkeley Franz, John W Murphy
BACKGROUND: Despite an expansive literature on communication in medicine, the role of language is dealt with mostly indirectly. Recently, narrative medicine has emerged as a strategy to improve doctor-patient communication and integrate patient perspectives. However, even in this field which is predicated on language use, scholars have not specifically reflected on how language functions in medicine. METHODS: In this theoretical paper, the authors consider how different models of language use, which have been proposed in the philosophical literature, might be applied to communication in medicine...
June 5, 2018: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867009/correcting-a-longstanding-misconception-about-social-roles-and-personality-a-case-study-in-the-psychology-of-science
#15
John A Johnson
Psychologists often argue that sex roles direct different types of socializing behaviors toward males and females and that this differential treatment, in turn, leads to sex differences in personality. Widely cited in support of this thesis has been the Fels longitudinal study finding that dependency and passivity are stable from childhood to adulthood for females only and aggressiveness and sexuality for males only. The present article explains why the type of sex differences in personality stability cited by Fels researchers actually contradicts the view that sex role expectations cause these differences...
June 4, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865811/high-pressure-dielectric-studies-on-1-6-anhydro-%C3%AE-d-mannopyranose-plastic-crystal-and-2-3-4-tri-o-acetyl-1-6-anhydro-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranose-canonical-glass
#16
Dawid Heczko, Ewa Kamińska, Aldona Minecka, Andrzej Dzienia, Karolina Jurkiewicz, Magdalena Tarnacka, Agnieszka Talik, Kamil Kamiński, Marian Paluch
Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy was applied to investigate molecular dynamics of two anhydrosaccharides, i.e., 1,6-anhydro-β-D-mannopyranose, anhMAN (hydrogen-bonded system) and 2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-1,6-anhydro-β-D-glucopyranose, ac-anhGLU (van der Waals material), at different thermodynamic conditions. Moreover, the reported data were compared with those recently published for two other H-bonded systems, i.e., 1,6-anhydro-β-D-glucopyranose (anhGLU) and D-glucose (D-GLU). A direct comparison of the dynamical behavior of the materials with a similar chemical structure but significantly differing by the degrees of freedom, complexity, and intermolecular interactions made it possible to probe the impact of compression on the fragility, Temperature-Pressure Superpositioning and pressure coefficient of the glassy crystal/glass transition temperatures (dTgc /dp ; dTg /dp)...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857803/cartesian-critters-can-t-remember
#17
Devin Sanchez Curry
Descartes held the following view of declarative memory: to remember is to reconstruct an idea that you intellectually recognize as a reconstruction. Descartes countenanced two overarching varieties of declarative memory. To have an intellectual memory is to intellectually reconstruct a universal idea that you recognize as a reconstruction, and to have a sensory memory is to neurophysiologically reconstruct a particular idea that you recognize as a reconstruction. Sensory remembering is thus a capacity of neither ghosts nor machines, but only of human beings qua mind-body unions...
June 2018: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842773/taming-radical-pairs-in-nanocrystalline-ketones-photochemical-syn-thesis-of-compounds-with-vicinal-stereogenic-all-carbon-quaternary-centers
#18
Jordan J Dotson, Salvador Perez-Estrada, Miguel A Garcia-Garibay
Here we describe the use of crystalline ketones to control the fate of the radical pair intermediates generated in the Norrish type I photodecarbonylation reaction to render it a powerful tool in the challenging synthesis of sterically congested carbon-carbon bonds. This methodology makes the synthetically more accessible hexasusbtituted ketones as ideal synthons for the construction of adjacent, all-carbon substituted, stereogenic quaternary stereocenters. We describe here the structural and thermochemical parameters required of the starting ketone in order to react in the solid state...
May 29, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807916/150th-anniversary-of-clinical-description-of-multiple-sclerosis-leopold-ordenstein-s-legacy
#19
Helmar C Lehmann, Alastair Compston, Hans-Peter Hartung
The clinical features of multiple sclerosis were first defined in detail and with pathologic confirmation in a medical thesis published at the Salpêtrière, Paris, in 1868. The author, Leopold Ordenstein (1835-1902), a German physician, analyzed cases collected by his mentor, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893). The 2 clinician-scientists described the characteristic symptoms, predisposing age, and pathologic features of the disease, and emphasized the clear delineation from other chronic progressive disorders, especially paralysis agitans...
May 29, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804055/how-to-do-a-postgraduate-research-project-and-write-a-minor-thesis
#20
Trevor Duke
Many universities and colleges in low-income and middle-income countries require a masters dissertation or thesis for as part of postgraduate training, and some colleges offer a 1-year to 2-year diploma of child health as a clinical qualification to enable skills in child health for generalists, or as part of the early phase of paediatric training. This paper describes the stages of doing a research project for such a masters or diploma, and describes in detail how to write a minor thesis. The paper is designed to provide a practical approach for junior researchers, and their supervisors...
May 26, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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