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Light-inducible protein

Chloé I Charendoff, Lisa Bouchier-Hayes
The caspase family of proteases play essential roles in apoptosis and innate immunity. Among these, a subgroup known as initiator caspases are the first to be activated in these pathways. This group includes caspase-2, -8, and -9, as well as the inflammatory caspases, caspase-1, -4, and -5. The initiator caspases are all activated by dimerization following recruitment to specific multiprotein complexes called activation platforms. Caspase Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (BiFC) is an imaging-based approach where split fluorescent proteins fused to initiator caspases are used to visualize the recruitment of initiator caspases to their activation platforms and the resulting induced proximity...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ying Han, Yangmin Zheng, Jingpu Zhang, Changqin Hu
Most third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, such as cefotaxime, cefmenoxime, cefepime, and cefpirome, contain an aminothiazoyl ring at the C-7 position. Drug impurity, which may be produced either during synthesis or upon degradation, can induce adverse effects. Various reports have indicated that neurotoxicity is a side effect of cephalosporin. In this study, we developed methods for assessing the free-swimming activities and behaviors in zebrafish larvae in response to continuous darkness and stimulation of light-to-dark photoperiod transition by chemical treatments...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Chenke Xu, Wei Wang, Jin Zhong, Fan Lei, Naihan Xu, Yaou Zhang, Weidong Xie
Canagliflozin (CAN) regulates intracellular glucose metabolism by targeting sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) and intracellular glucose metabolism affects inflammation. In this study, we hypothesized that CAN might exert anti-inflammatory effects. The anti-inflammatory effects and action mechanisms of CAN were assayed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 and THP-1 cells and NIH mice. Results showed that CAN significantly inhibited the production and release of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the LPS-induced RAW264...
March 15, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Hongliang Zhang, Xiaoqin Zou, Qiuyan Huang, Xiaobin Zhong, Zhenguang Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The herbal medicine Kudingcha has a bitter taste and low bioavailability for lipid reduction. To improve the bioavailability and ameliorate the compliance, we prepared Kudingcha nanoparticles and investigated their effect in hyperlipidaemic rats. In addition, the safety and lipid-lowering mechanism of the Kudingcha nanoparticles were examined. METHODS: Kudingcha nanoparticles were prepared by ionotropic gelation and spray-drying. Seventy rats were randomly assigned into eight groups: a normal fat diet group (NF), a high-fat group (HF), a spontaneous recovery group (SR), a Kudingcha group (KDC), a blank nanoparticle group (B-N), and a Kudingcha nanoparticle groups (low, medium and high doses)...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Łukasz Baranowski, Wojciech Kurek, Małgorzata Lichocka, Mirosław Sobczak
Plant-parasitic cyst forming nematodes induce in host roots a specific feeding site called a syncytium. Modifications induced by the pathogen in cells incorporated into syncytium include their hypertrophy and changes in apoplast caused by over-expression of plant proteins, e.g. cellulases. As a result cell wall openings between syncytial elements are formed. The major aim of our investigation was to immunolocalize cellulases involved in these cell-wall modifications. Experiments were conducted on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv...
February 12, 2018: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Paula K Bautista-Niño, Marien van der Stel, Wendy W Batenburg, René de Vries, Anton J M Roks, A H Jan Danser
Protein kinase G (PKG) Iα mediates the cyclic guanosine monophosphate-mediated vasodilatory effects induced by NO. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs), like H2 O2 can activate PKGIα in a cyclic guanosine monophosphate-independent manner, but whether this is true for all EDHFs (e.g., S-nitrosothiols) is unknown. Here, we investigated the contribution of PKGIα to bradykinin-, H2 O2 -, L-S-nitrosocysteine-, and light-induced relaxation in porcine coronary arteries, making use of the fact that thioredoxin reductase inhibition with auranofin or 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene potentiates PKGIα...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Kwang Il Jung, Chul Woong Pyo, Sang-Yun Choi
Infection with influenza A virus (IAV) A/WSN/1933 (H1N1) causes oxidative stress and severe lung injury. We have demonstrated that the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during IAV infection is tightly regulated by superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and correlated with viral replication in alveolar epithelial cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying SOD1 reduction during IAV infection is uncertain. Here we demonstrate that the autophagy pathway is activated by IAV infection and involved in enhanced ROS generation in the early phase of infection...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Bei Wang, Shu-Sen Zheng, Tan-Yang Zhou, Chun-Hui Nie, Da-Long Wan
Bigelovin (BigV) is a sesquiterpene lactone, isolated from Inula helianthus aquatica, which has been reported to induce apoptosis and show anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. Nevertheless, the effects of BigV on liver cancer and the underlying mechanisms have not been investigated. In the study, we found that BigV exhibited potential anti-tumor activities against human liver cancer in vitro and in vivo. BigV reduced the cell proliferation and colony formation. BigV induced apoptosis through improving the cleavage of Caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1)...
March 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xi Wu, Xue Xue, Lihui Wang, Wenjing Wang, Jian Han, Xiaoxue Sun, Haotian Zhang, Yueyang Liu, Xiaohang Che, Jingyu Yang, Chunfu Wu
Autophagy, a cellular survival mechanism, is thought to allow the recycling of cellular breakdown products when cancer cells are subjected to chemotherapy, thus decreasing drug-induced apoptosis. Disulfiram (DSF), a drug widely used to control alcoholism, possesses anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. Our previous studies proved that DSF/Cu exerts increased anti-tumor effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft models, and inhibits NSCLC recurrence driven by ALDH-positive cancer stem cells...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Ruiyan Tao, Songling Bai, Junbei Ni, Qinsong Yang, Yuan Zhao, Yuanwen Teng
A conserved blue light sensing and transduction pathway contributes to blue light-induced anthocyanin accumulation in the peel of red pear. Peel color is an economically important characteristic that influences the appearance quality of red pear, whose red color is due to anthocyanin accumulation. The process of coloration in the fruit peel is strongly influenced by light. However, how light quality influences color development remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed the effects of different light qualities on color development in the red pear 'Red Zaosu', a mutant of the hybrid cultivar 'Zaosu' of Pyrus pyrifolia and P...
March 15, 2018: Planta
Dengfeng Ding, Shiyuan Xu, Hongfei Zhang, Wei Zhao, Xueping Zhang, Yuanxu Jiang, Ping Wang, Zhongliang Dai, Junzhi Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and dexmedetomidine (DEX) pretreatment on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and the potential mechanism underlying the effects. LPS was instilled into the trachea of BALB/c mice to induce the ALI model. Solutions of 3-MA or DEX were intravenously injected into the mice 1 h later to establish the 3-MA and DEX groups. On days 1, 3 and 5 after the injections, arterial blood gas analysis was conducted, and the lung wet-dry weight ratio (W/D) was determined...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Gimano D Amatngalim, Jasmijn A Schrumpf, Fernanda Dishchekenian, Tinne C J Mertens, Dennis K Ninaber, Abraham C van der Linden, Charles Pilette, Christian Taube, Pieter S Hiemstra, Anne M van der Does
Research question : It is currently unknown how cigarette smoke-induced airway remodelling affects highly expressed respiratory epithelial defence proteins and thereby mucosal host defence. Methods: Localization of a selected set of highly expressed respiratory epithelial host defence proteins was assessed in well-differentiated primary bronchial epithelial cell (PBEC) cultures. Next, PBEC were cultured at the air-liquid interface and during differentiation for 2-3 weeks daily exposed to whole cigarette smoke...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Weiyang Chen, Longfa Fang, Xiahe Huang, Haitao Ge, Jinlong Wang, Xiaorong Wang, Yuanya Zhang, Na Sui, Wu Xu, Yingchun Wang
Differential expression of cold-responsive proteins is necessary for cyanobacteria to acclimate to cold stress frequently occurring in their natural habitats. Accumulating evidence indicates that cold-induced expression of certain proteins is dependent on light illumination, but a systematic identification of light-dependent and/or light-independent cold-responsive proteins in cyanobacteria is still lacking. Herein, we comprehensively identified cold-responsive proteins in a model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Chengzheng Han, Guozheng Xing, Mengying Zhang, Min Zhong, Zhen Han, Chiyi He, Xiaoping Liu
Wogonoside, the main effective constituent of traditional Chinese medicine Scutellaria , belongs to the glucuronide family, with various functions, including detoxification, anti-inflammation and nourishing gallbladder, lowering blood pressure, diuresis and anti-allergic reactions. However, the effects of wogonoside on human colon cancer cells remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer effect of wogonoside on human colon cancer cells in vitro and its anticancer mechanisms. The results demonstrated that wogonoside significantly inhibited cell growth, induced apoptosis and mitochondrial-mediated autophagy of colon cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Hua Ye, Xuyu Chai, Xiaoyu Wang, Qi Zheng, Dingcheng Zheng, Feng Wu, Cheng Zheng, Ping Chen
The autophagy involved in the occurrence, development and prognosis of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene-amplified cancer also controls the resistance of this type of cancer to the monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Tzb). In the present study, Tzb resistance was established in HER2-positive NCI-N87 cell lines (Tzb-refractory cells). The cell viability, clonogenic assay, ratios of light chain 3 II/I, sequestosome 1 expression, and the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) were investigated in the parental and Tzb-refractory cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jie Hao, Shuangyue Li, Xiaoxia Shi, Zhiqiang Qian, Yijie Sun, Dunjia Wang, Xueying Zhou, Hongxin Qu, Shuhai Hu, Enjun Zuo, Cong Zhang, Liyan Hou, Qingshan Wang, Fengyuan Piao
Chronic exposure to n-hexane, a widely used organic solvent in industry, induces central-peripheral neuropathy, which is mediated by its active metabolite, 2,5-hexanedione (HD). We recently reported that transplantation of bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) significantly ameliorated HD-induced neuronal damage and motor deficits in rats. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we reported that inhibition of HD-induced autophagy contributed to BMSC-afforded protection. BMSC transplantation significantly reduced the levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3-II) and the degradation of sequestosome-1 (p62) in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve of HD-intoxicated rats...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yumao Jiang, Yue Jiao, Yang Liu, Meiyu Zhang, Zhiguo Wang, Yujuan Li, Tao Li, Xiaoliang Zhao, Danqiao Wang
As shown in our previous study, sinomenine hydrochloride (SH), the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from Sinomenium acutum Rehd. et Wils. (Fam. Menispermaceae ), initiates the autophagy-mediated death of human glioblastoma cells by generating reactive oxygen species and activating the autophagy-lysosome pathway. However, its effects on the migration and invasion of human glioblastoma cells have not yet been elucidated. Therefore, human glioblastoma U87 and SF767 cells were treated with SH (0.125 and 0.25 mM) for 24 h, and cell migration and invasion were assessed using scratch wound healing, migration and invasion assays...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Negin Sabziparvar, Yosra Saeedi, Mina Nouri, Atefeh Sadat Najafi Bozorgi, Elahe Alizadeh, Farnoosh Attar, Keivan Akhtari, Seyyedeh Elaheh Mousavi, Mojtaba Falahati
NPs have received a great attention in biological and medical applications due to their unique features. However, their induced adverse effects on the biological system are not well explored. Herein, the interaction of silicon dioxide nanoparticle (SiO2 NP) with human hemoglobin (Hb) and lymphocyte cell line was evaluated under physiological conditions by multi spectroscopic (intrinsic and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, and circular dichrosim (CD)), molecular docking, and cellular (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining) methods...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Arisu Shigeta, Shota Ito, Rina Kaneko, Sahoko Tomida, Keiichi Inoue, Hideki Kandori, Izuru Kawamura
Krokinobacter rhodopsin 2 (KR2), a light-driven Na+ pump, is a dual-functional protein, pumping protons in the absence of Na+ when K+ or larger alkali metal ions are present. A specific mutation in helix A near the extracellular Na+ binding site, H30A, eliminates its proton pumping ability. We induced structural changes in H30A by altering the alkali metal ion bound at the extracellular binding site, and observed a strong electrostatic interaction between the Schiff base and counterion and torsion around the Schiff base as revealed by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jian Yin, Ran Li, Wenchao Liu, Yunchang Chen, Xin Zhang, Xifeng Li, Xuying He, Chuanzhi Duan
Early brain injury (EBI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can lead to inflammation and neuronal dysfunction. There is a need for effective strategies to mitigate these effects and improve the outcome of patients who experience SAH. The mRNA-destabilizing protein tristetraprolin (TTP) is an anti-inflammatory factor that induces the decay of cytokine transcripts and has been implicated in diseases such as glioma. However, the mechanism of action of TTP in EBI after SAH is unclear. The present study investigated the effects of TTP regulation via phosphorylation in a rat model of SAH by protein phosphatase (PP)2A, which is a pleiotropic enzyme complex with multiple substrate phospho-proteins...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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