keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Light-inducible protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342848/ultraviolet-a-induced-oxidation-in-cornea-characterization-of-the-early-oxidation-related-events
#1
Corinne Zinflou, Patrick J Rochette
Exposure to sunlight ultraviolet-A (UVA), the main component of solar UV reaching the eyes, is suspected to play an important part in the onset of ocular pathologies. UVA primary biological deleterious effects arise from the photo-induction of oxidative stress in cells. However, the molecular bases linking UVA-induced oxidation to UVA toxicity in eyes remain poorly understood, especially with regards to the cornea. To shed some light on this issue, we have investigated the susceptibility and response potential of the different corneal cellular layers (epithelium, stroma and endothelium) to UVA-induced oxidation...
March 22, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339909/il-17-and-cd40-ligand-synergistically-stimulate-the-chronicity-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#2
Huey-Liang Kuo, Chiu-Ching Huang, Tze-Yi Lin, Ching-Yuang Lin
Background.: Early stages of diabetic nephropathy (DN) are characterized by an influx of inflammatory cells. Interactions between infiltrating T cells and podocytes may play an important role in the ongoing inflammatory response and remodelling. The aim of this study was to explore the role of IL-17 and CD40 ligand (CD40L) in DN. Methods.: The study design involved a case series. Kidney biopsy samples of 69 patients with type 2 diabetes were assessed for the presence of CD4 +  IL-17 +  T cells...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339048/agr2-ameliorates-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction-via-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-mediated-mlck-p-mlc-pathway-activation
#3
Xiaolin Ye, Mei Sun
Intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Anterior gradient protein 2 homologue (AGR2) assists in maintaining intestinal homeostasis in dextran sulphate sodium-induced mouse ileocolitis; however, it is unclear whether it modulates intestinal barrier function. Our study aimed to investigate the protective role of AGR2 in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced intestinal epithelial barrier injury. Caco-2 cell monolayers were pre-transfected with an AGR2 plasmid and then exposed to TNF-α...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338757/acceleration-of-leaf-senescence-is-slowed-down-in-transgenic-barley-plants-deficient-in-the-dna-rna-binding-protein-whirly1
#4
Weronika Kucharewicz, Assaf Distelfeld, Wolfgang Bilger, Maren Müller, Sergi Munné-Bosch, Götz Hensel, Karin Krupinska
WHIRLY1 in barley was isolated as a potential regulator of the senescence-associated gene HvS40. In order to investigate whether the plastid-nucleus-located DNA/RNA-binding protein WHIRLY1 plays a role in regulation of leaf senescence, primary foliage leaves from transgenic barley plants with an RNAi-mediated knockdown of the WHIRLY1 gene were characterized by typical senescence parameters, namely pigment contents, function and composition of the photosynthetic apparatus, as well as expression of selected genes known to be either down- or up-regulated during leaf senescence...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338217/fasting-up-regulates-ferroportin-1-expression-via-a-ghrelin-ghsr-mapk-signaling-pathway
#5
Qian-Qian Lou, Yu-Fu Zhou, Mesona Yung-Jin Chen, Li Liu, Juan Ma, Meng-Wan Zhang, Fa-Li Zhang, Ya Ke, Zhong-Ming Qian
The significant positive correlation between ghrelin and iron and hepcidin levels in the plasma of children with iron deficiency anemia prompted us to hypothesize that ghrelin may affect iron metabolism. Here, we investigated the effects of fasting or ghrelin on the expression of hepcidin, ferroportin 1 (Fpn1), transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), ferritin light chain (Ft-L) proteins and ghrelin, and also hormone secretagogue receptor 1 alpha (GHSR1α) and ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) mRNAs in the spleen and/or macrophage...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336262/increased-susceptibility-to-fundus-camera-delivered-light-induced-retinal-degeneration-in-mice-deficient-in-oxidative-stress-response-proteins
#6
Yi Ding, Bogale Aredo, Xin Zhong, Cynthia X Zhao, Rafael L Ufret-Vincenty
Oxidative stress is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of many retinal diseases including age-related macular degeneration and retinal dystrophies. Light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) can serve as a model in which to study the response of the retina to stress. Of note, many genetic mutant mice are in a C57BL/6 J background and are thus resistant to the usual LIRD models. We recently developed a new model of fundus camera-delivered light-induced retinal degeneration (FCD-LIRD) which is effective in strains of mice expressing the light-resistant variant of RPE65 (450Met), including C57BL/6 J...
March 20, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335387/dectin-1-mediated-pathway-contributes-to-fusarium-proliferatum-induced-cxcl-8-release-from-human-respiratory-epithelial-cells
#7
Chang-Ching Yeh, Huann-Cheng Horng, Hong Chou, Hsiao-Yun Tai, Horng-Der Shen, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Peng-Hui Wang
Fusarium species are causative agents of human respiratory disorders and are distributed widely in our environment. Little is known of their interaction with human respiratory epithelial cells, which may contribute to allergic airway responses. In this study, we report on the release of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL-8) from human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells upon stimulation with Fusarium proliferatum extracts. F. proliferatum-induced cytokine release from BEAS-2B cells was determined by cytokine array and CXCL-8 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334768/repair-of-uv-induced-dna-lesions-in-natural-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-telomeres-is-moderated-by-sir2-and-sir3-and-inhibited-by-yku-sir4-interaction
#8
Laetitia Guintini, Maxime Tremblay, Martin Toussaint, Annie D'Amours, Ralf E Wellinger, Raymund J Wellinger, Antonio Conconi
Ultraviolet light (UV) causes DNA damage that is removed by nucleotide excision repair (NER). UV-induced DNA lesions must be recognized and repaired in nucleosomal DNA, higher order structures of chromatin and within different nuclear sub-compartments. Telomeric DNA is made of short tandem repeats located at the ends of chromosomes and their maintenance is critical to prevent genome instability. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the chromatin structure of natural telomeres is distinctive and contingent to telomeric DNA sequences...
February 21, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334019/cell-survival-and-differentiation-with-nanocrystalline-glass-like-carbon-using-substantia-nigra-dopaminergic-cells-derived-from-transgenic-mouse-embryos
#9
Noela Rodriguez-Losada, Pablo Romero, Guillermo Estivill-Torrús, Roberto Guzmán de Villoria, Jose A Aguirre
Regenerative medicine requires, in many cases, physical supports to facilitate appropriate cellular architecture, cell polarization and the improvement of the correct differentiation processes of embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent cells or adult cells. Because the interest in carbon nanomaterials has grown within the last decade in light of a wide variety of applications, the aim of this study was to test and evaluate the suitability and cytocompatibility of a particular nanometer-thin nanocrystalline glass-like carbon film (NGLC) composed of curved graphene flakes joined by an amorphous carbon matrix...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333924/csl-encodes-a-leucine-rich-repeat-protein-implicated-in-red-violet-light-signaling-to-the-circadian-clock-in-chlamydomonas
#10
Ayumi Kinoshita, Yoshimi Niwa, Kiyoshi Onai, Takashi Yamano, Hideya Fukuzawa, Masahiro Ishiura, Takuya Matsuo
The green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii shows various light responses in behavior and physiology. One such photoresponse is the circadian clock, which can be reset by external light signals to entrain its oscillation to daily environmental cycles. In a previous report, we suggested that a light-induced degradation of the clock protein ROC15 is a trigger to reset the circadian clock in Chlamydomonas. However, light signaling pathways of this process remained unclear. Here, we screened for mutants that show abnormal ROC15 diurnal rhythms, including the light-induced protein degradation at dawn, using a luciferase fusion reporter...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333278/quantifying-ribosome-dynamics-in-escherichia-coli-using-fluorescence
#11
Jurek Failmezger, Julian Ludwig, Alexander Nieß, Martin Siemann-Herzberg
Ribosomes are a crucial component of the physiological state of a cell. Therefore, we aimed to monitor ribosome dynamics using a fast and easy fluorescence readout. Using fluorescent-labeled ribosomal proteins, the dynamics of ribosomes during batch cultivation and during nutritional shift conditions were investigated. The fluorescence readout was compared to the cellular rRNA content determined by capillary gel electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection during exponentially accelerating and decelerating growth...
March 8, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332752/bovine-trophectoderm-cells-induced-from-bovine-fibroblasts-with-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-reprogramming-factors
#12
Neil C Talbot, Wendy O Sparks, Caitlin Phillips, Alan D Ealy, Anne M Powell, Thomas J Caperna, Wesley M Garrett, David M Donovan, Le Ann Blomberg
Thirteen independent induced bovine trophectroderm (iBT) cell lines were established by reprogramming bovine fetal liver-derived fibroblasts after viral-vector transduction with either 6 or 8 factors, including POU5F1 (OCT4), KLF4, SOX2, MYC, NANOG, LIN28, SV40 large T antigen, and hTERT.. Light- and electron-microscopy analysis showed that the iBT cells had epithelial cell morphology typical of bovine trophectoderm cells. Reverse-transcription-PCR assays indicated that all of the cell lines expressed interferon-tau (IFNT) at passages 1 or 2...
March 23, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332451/inhibitory-effect-of-fruit-juices-on-the-doxorubicin-metabolizing-activity-of-carbonyl-reductase-1
#13
Takeshi Miura, Katsutoshi Nagai, Shingo Kaneshiro, Ayako Taketomi, Toshikatsu Nakabayashi, Hiroki Konishi, Toru Nishinaka, Tomoyuki Terada
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Doxorubicin, an anthracycline anti-cancer drug, is effective for breast cancer and childhood lymphoma. Chronic cardiotoxicity has been known as a critical adverse effect of doxorubicin and is attributed to its metabolite doxorubicinol produced by carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1, SDR21C1). Some flavonoids have been reported to act as inhibitors for CBR1, therefore, commercially available juices containing flavonoids are likely to be applicable as a prophylactic treatment against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity by suppression doxorubicinol production...
March 9, 2017: Drug Metabolism Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331282/reduced-phosphocreb-in-m%C3%A3-ller-glia-during-retinal-degeneration-in-rd10-mice
#14
Enheng Dong, Amelia Bachleda, Yubin Xiong, Shoji Osawa, Ellen R Weiss
PURPOSE: The mechanisms that trigger retinal degeneration are not well understood, despite the availability of several animal models with different mutations. In the present report, the rd10 mouse, a model for retinitis pigmentosa (RP) that contains a mutation in the gene for PDE6β (Pde6b), is used to evaluate gliosis, as a marker for retinal stress, and cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation, which may be important early in retinal degeneration. METHODS: Wild-type C57Bl6J and rd10 mice raised under cyclic light were examined for changes in gliosis and CREB phosphorylation for approximately 3 weeks beginning at P14 to P17 using immunocytochemistry...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331281/the-involvement-of-atf4-and-s-opsin-in-retinal-photoreceptor-cell-damage-induced-by-blue-led-light
#15
Emi Ooe, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Yoshiki Kuse, Saori Kobayashi, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Hideaki Hara
PURPOSE: Blue light is a high-energy emitting light with a short wavelength in the visible light spectrum. Blue light induces photoreceptor apoptosis and causes age-related macular degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa. In the present study, we investigated the roles of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by blue light-emitting diode (LED) light exposure in murine photoreceptor cells. METHODS: The murine photoreceptor cell line was incubated and exposed to blue LED light (464 nm blue LED light, 450 lx, 3 to 24 h)...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331090/hili-inhibits-hiv-replication-in-activated-t-cells
#16
B Matija Peterlin, Pingyang Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Daniele Cary, Wei Shao, Marie Leoz, Tian Hong, Tao Pan, Koh Fujinaga
Piwil proteins restrict the replication of mobile genetic elements in the germline. They are also expressed in many transformed cell lines. In this report, we discovered that the human piwil 2 (hili) can also inhibit HIV replication, especially in activated CD4+ T cells that are the preferred target cells for this virus in the infected host. Although resting cells did not express hili, it was rapidly induced following T cell activation. In these cells and transformed cell lines, depletion of hili increased levels of viral proteins and new viral particles...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330935/the-role-of-enhanced-responses-to-aba1-era1-in-arabidopsis-stomatal-responses-is-beyond-aba-signaling
#17
Pirko Jalakas, Yi-Chun Huang, Yu-Hung Yeh, Laurent Zimmerli, Ebe Merilo, Hannes Kollist, Mikael Brosche
Proper stomatal responses are essential for plant function in an altered environment. The core signaling pathway for abscisic acid (ABA)-induced stomatal closure involves perception of the hormone that leads to the activation of guard cell anion channels by the protein kinase OPEN STOMATA1 (OST1). Several other regulators are suggested to modulate the ABA signaling pathway, including the protein ENHANCED RESPONSE TO ABA 1 (ERA1), that encodes the farnesyl transferase beta subunit. The era1 mutant is hypersensitive to ABA during seed germination and shows a more closed stomata phenotype...
March 22, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328200/fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer-based-dna-tetrahedron-nano-tweezer-for-highly-reliable-detection-of-tumor-related-mrna-in-living-cells
#18
Lei He, Dan-Qing Lu, Hao Liang, Sitao Xie, Can Luo, Miaomiao Hu, Liujun Xu, Xiaobing Zhang, Weihong Tan
Accurate detection and imaging of tumor-related mRNA in living cells hold great promise for early cancer detection. However, currently, most probes designed to image intracellular mRNA confront intrinsic interferences arising from complex biological matrices and resulting in inevitable false-positive signals. To circumvent this problem, a new class of intracellular DNA nanoprobe, termed DNA tetrahedron nano-tweezer (DTNT), was developed to reliably image tumor-related mRNA in living cells based on the FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) "off" to "on" signal readout mode...
March 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326554/chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-responding-to-high-light-a-role-for-2-propenal-acrolein
#19
Thomas Roach, Theresa Baur, Wolfgang Stöggl, Anja Krieger-Liszkay
High light causes photosystem II to generate singlet oxygen ((1) O2 ), a reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can react with membrane lipids, releasing reactive electrophile species (RES), such as acrolein. To investigate how RES may contribute to light stress responses, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was high light-treated in photoautotrophic and mixotrophic conditions and also in an oxygen-enriched atmosphere to elevate ROS production. The responses were compared to exogenous acrolein. Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) was higher in photoautotrophic cells, as a consequence of a more de-epoxidized state of the xanthophyll cycle pool and more LHCSR3 protein, showing that photosynthesis was under more pressure than in mixotrophic cells...
March 21, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325872/small-rna-mediated-repair-of-uv-induced-dna-lesions-by-the-dna-damage-binding-protein-2-and-argonaute-1
#20
Catherine Schalk, Valérie Cognat, Stéfanie Graindorge, Timothée Vincent, Olivier Voinnet, Jean Molinier
As photosynthetic organisms, plants need to prevent irreversible UV-induced DNA lesions. Through an unbiased, genome-wide approach, we have uncovered a previously unrecognized interplay between Global Genome Repair and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in the recognition of DNA photoproducts, prevalently in intergenic regions. Genetic and biochemical approaches indicate that, upon UV irradiation, the DNA DAMAGE-BINDING PROTEIN 2 (DDB2) and ARGONAUTE 1 (AGO1) of Arabidopsis thaliana form a chromatin-bound complex together with 21-nt siRNAs, which likely facilitates recognition of DNA damages in an RNA/DNA complementary strand-specific manner...
March 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
10232
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"