keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Coombs positive hemolytic anemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130008/a-rare-association-of-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-with-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#1
Kavita Agrawal, Flores Alfonso
An 80-year-old male presented with dyspnea on exertion for at least two months. He also complained of progressive dysphagia and weight loss of 35 pounds over the last eight months. Initial blood tests showed hemoglobin of 6.1 g/dl, reticulocytes count of 19.7%, total bilirubin of 3.2 mg/dl, lactate dehydrogenase of 600 U/L, and haptoglobin of less than 8 mg/dl, and direct Coombs test was positive for warm immunoglobulin G. The impression was autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). The evaluation of dysphagia with esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a single irregular 4 cm malignant appearing ulcerated mass at the incisura angularis of the stomach...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062252/plasmapheresis-in-a-child-with-cold-antibody-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-case-report
#2
Zeynep Canan Özdemir, Özcan Bör, Ener Çağrı Dinleyici, Eylem Kıral
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a picture of hemolysis which is caused by autoantibodies against red blood cell surface antigens. It is classified as primary, secondary or warm and cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia according to the temperature at which antibodies react. It is usually an acute and self-limiting condition. Here, we present a three-year-old male patient who presented with malaise, paleness, and dark-colored urine. His hemoglobin level was 5.8 g/dL, and increased indirect bilirubin and lactate dehydrogenase levels and decreased haptoglobulin and reticulocyte levels were noted...
September 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762061/direct-antiglobulin-coombs-test-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#3
Thelma Skare, Leandro Picelli, Thiago Alberto G Dos Santos, Renato Nisihara
The objective of the study is to study the positivity of Coombs test or direct antiglobulin test (DAT) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and its relationship with disease's clinical and serological profile. Retrospective study of 373 SLE patients seen at single Rheumatology Unit. Epidemiological data (age, gender, age at disease onset, auto declared ethnic background and tobacco use), clinical (malar rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, discoid lesions, serositis, glomerulonephritis, convulsions, psychosis, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, lymphocytopenia and arthritis), and serological profile (anti ds DNA, anti Ro/SS-A; anti La/SS-B, Anti RNP, Anti Sm, aCl (anticardiolipin) IgG, aCl Ig M, LA or lupus anticoagulant, rheumatoid factor and direct Coombs) were collected...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620416/antiphospholipid-syndrome-multiple-manifestations-in-a-single-patient-a-high-suspicion-is-still-needed
#4
Uroosa Ibrahim, Shiksha Kedia, Gwenalyn Garcia, Jean Paul Atallah
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder with clinical and laboratory features of vascular thrombosis, pregnancy loss, and persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs). The pathophysiology is thought to involve the activation of endothelial cells, monocytes, platelets, and complement by aPLs. Disease can range from asymptomatic to rapidly fatal catastrophic APS. We present a case of a 34-year-old male referred for pancytopenia and splenomegaly. On examination, he had decreased sensation and 4/5 power in the left upper extremity...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598573/successful-treatment-of-tacrolimus-related-pure-red-cell-aplasia-and-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-with-rituximab-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-transplant-patient
#5
Chenue Abongwa, Ghada Abusin, Ayman El-Sheikh
Acquired pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are rare complications of immunosuppression in pediatric solid organ transplant patients. We report a 14-month-old female child who developed Coombs positive hemolytic anemia and reticulocytopenia while on tacrolimus after cardiac transplantation. She was successfully treated with rituximab after failing treatment with corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulins. Clinicians should consider PRCA differential diagnosis in a patient presenting with reticulocytopenia and hemolysis...
December 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422977/defining-the-complex-phenotype-of-severe-systemic-loxoscelism-using-a-large-electronic-health-record-cohort
#6
Jamie R Robinson, Vanessa E Kennedy, Youssef Doss, Lisa Bastarache, Joshua Denny, Jeremy L Warner
OBJECTIVE: Systemic loxoscelism is a rare illness resulting from the bite of the recluse spider and, in its most severe form, can lead to widespread hemolysis, coagulopathy, and death. We aim to describe the clinical features and outcomes of the largest known cohort of individuals with moderate to severe loxoscelism. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross sectional study from January 1, 1995, to December 31, 2015, at a tertiary-care academic medical center, to determine individuals with clinical records consistent with moderate to severe loxoscelism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324773/haptoglobin-is-frequently-low-in-patients-with-myelofibrosis-clinical-relevance
#7
Paolo Strati, Lucia Masarova, Prithviraj Bose, Naval Daver, Naveen Pemmaraju, Srdan Verstovsek
A recent study, showing the absence of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones in myelofibrosis, has reopened the debate around the role of decreased haptoglobin in this disease. We present here a large prospective analysis of the clinical significance of low haptoglobin in 152 patients with myelofibrosis. Low haptoglobin (<32mg/dL) was observed in 50 patients (33%). Decreased haptoglobin did not associate with low hemoglobin levels, positive Coombs test or abnormal liver function tests, suggesting it is not result of autoimmune hemolytic anemia or liver cirrhosis...
June 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239468/immunotherapy-associated-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#8
Uqba Khan, Farman Ali, Muhammad Siddique Khurram, Awais Zaka, Tarik Hadid
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy has been widely used in the treatment of several solid and hematologic malignancies. Checkpoint inhibitors have been the forefront of cancer immunotherapy in recent years. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway are the prototypic checkpoint targets for immunotherapy. When combined, CTLA-4 and PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors work synergistically, but with increased probability of toxicity. The following case represents an unusual adverse effect of combined treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab used for treatment of metastatic melanoma...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821514/autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-at-diagnosis-differences-between-pediatric-and-adult-patients
#9
N W S Gormezano, D Kern, O L Pereira, G C X Esteves, A M E Sallum, N E Aikawa, R M R Pereira, C A Silva, E Bonfá
Objective To determine the overall prevalence of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), and to compare clinical and laboratory features in a large population of children and adult lupus patients at diagnosis. Methods This retrospective study evaluated the medical charts of 336 childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) and 1830 adult SLE (aSLE) patients followed in the same tertiary hospital. Demographic data, clinical features and disease activity were recorded. AIHA was defined according to the presence of anemia (hemoglobin <10 g/dL) and evidence of hemolysis (reticulocytosis and positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT)/Coombs test) at SLE diagnosis...
April 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759351/progressive-disseminated-histoplasmosis-with-coomb-s-positive-hemolytic-anemia-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#10
Radhey Shyam Chejara, C L Nawal, M K Agrawal, Pradeep Mittal, Abhishek Agrawal, Sujata Agarwal
Progressive Disseminated Histoplasmosis (PDH) is mainly described in immuno-compromised individuals and rare in immuno-competent subjects. Here we report a case of progressive disseminated histoplasmosis with Comb's positive hemolytic anemia, which is infrequently reported from a country like India where histoplasmosis is not an endemic mycosis.
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644115/extravascular-hemolysis-and-complement-consumption-in-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-patients-undergoing-eculizumab-treatment
#11
Marta Subías Hidalgo, Hector Martin Merinero, Alicia López, Jaouad Anter, Sheila Pinto García, Fernando Ataúlfo Gonzalez-Fernández, Rafael Forés, Margarita Lopez-Trascasa, Ana Villegas, Emilio Ojeda, Santiago Rodríguez de Córdoba
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia characterized by complement-mediated intravascular hemolysis that is effectively treated with eculizumab. However, treatment responses are reported heterogeneous with some patients presenting residual hemolysis and requiring RBC transfusions. Recent reports have shown that both extravascular hemolysis and incomplete C5 blockade can explain these suboptimal hematological responses. Here we have tested our eculizumab-treated PNH patients (n=12) for signs of hemolysis and assessed complement biomarkers...
February 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629968/postoperative-recurrence-of-invasive-thymoma-with-cold-agglutinin-disease-and-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#12
Taro Yoneda, Hayato Koba, Kota Tanimura, Naohiko Ogawa, Satoshi Watanabe, Johsuke Hara, Miki Abo, Takashi Sone, Hideharu Kimura, Kazuo Kasahara
A 50-year-old man presented to our hospital in 1995. Invasive thymoma was diagnosed and extended thymectomy and left upper lobe partial resection were performed. In 2013, he complained of dyspnea. Chest computed tomography showed postoperative recurrence of invasive thymoma. Several chemotherapies were administered. Severe anemia and an increase in the total bilirubin level were observed with chemotherapies. In additional, an examination showed that the direct Coombs test was positive. Cold agglutinin was also high...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610283/correlation-of-antiglobulin-reactivity-and-severity-of-pancytopenia-in-a-patient-with-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Uroosa Ibrahim, Muhammad N Siddique, Gautam Valecha, Masoud Asgari, Edhan Isaac, Meekoo Dhar
A 46‑year‑old obese male with a medical history of thalassemia minor presented to the emergency room with complaints of severe fatigue and jaundice worsening over two weeks. On further evaluation, the patient was found to have significant hyperbilirubinemia and transaminitis. The hospital course was further complicated by pancytopenia requiring multiple transfusions, worsening hyperbilirubinemia, severe hyperferritinemia, hypofibrinogenemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. He was also found to have splenomegaly and evidence of hemophagocytosis on bone marrow biopsy...
July 26, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342498/-rituximab-plus-autologous-hemotopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-cd5-positive-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#14
Yi-Qun Huang, Rui-Ji Zheng, Rong-Juan Wu, Xu-Dong Ma
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical features and therapy experience of a case of CD5 positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). METHODS: A 49-years old patient was investigated. The routine blood examination, bone marrow smear, Coombs test, serological test, chest CT, abdominal MR and immunochemistry etc were performed for this patient; and therapeutic effects of the chemotherapy regimen consisting of rituximab plus autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) were observed...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161726/po-38-young-women-with-breast-cancer-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-which-is-the-best-therapeutic-option-and-for-how-long
#15
A B Vilaseca, C L Capmany, F Sabsay
INTRODUCTION: Thromboembolic disease (TED) is frequent, and, thromboembolic events are the second cause of death in active cancer patients Today we have knowledge of a lot of risk and predictor factors of thrombosis in cancer, although some mechanisms underlying this increased thromboembolic risk, still remains unclear. AIM: Knowing that cancer is today curable, we want to remark that not only old people but also young should be investigated about their personal burden of thromboembolic disease to improve prognosis, and at the same time remark the need to establish different therapeutic strategies in each stage of the disease to prevent or treat TED...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034682/b-cell-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-with-11q22-3-rearrangement-in-patient-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-treated-with-imatinib
#16
Krzysztof Lewandowski, Michał Gniot, Maria Lewandowska, Anna Wache, Błażej Ratajczak, Anna Czyż, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Mieczysław Komarnicki
The coexistence of two diseases chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a rare phenomenon. Both neoplastic disorders have several common epidemiological denominators (they occur more often in men over 50 years of age) but different origin and long term prognosis. In this paper we described the clinical and pathological findings in patient with CML in major molecular response who developed B-CLL with 11q22.3 rearrangement and Coombs positive hemolytic anemia during the imatinib treatment...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984090/autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-triggered-by-infection-with-human-parvovirus-b19-after-total-abdominal-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Tomoya Iida, Shuji Satoh, Suguru Nakagaki, Haruo Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kaneto
A 50-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for an adhesive ileus 14 years after total abdominal colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). The ileus decreased with conservative treatment, however, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) was diagnosed due to worsening anemia, a positive direct Coombs test, low haptoglobin, high lactase dehydrogenase, reticulocytosis, and an increase in the erythroblastic series in a bone-marrow examination. Human parvovirus B19 (PV-B19) IgM and PV-B19 DNA were present, indicating the development of AIHA triggered by an infection with PV-B19...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892457/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-with-mixed-type-fulminant-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#18
Yoko Hirano, Takaaki Itonaga, Hiroki Yasudo, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Kenichiro Miura, Yutaka Harita, Masahiro Sekiguchi, Motohiro Kato, Junko Takita, Akira Oka
We report the case of a 9-year-old girl who presented with mixed-type fulminant autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) at the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). On admission, laboratory investigations indicated very severe anemia (Hb, 2.7 g/dL) with reticulocytosis and positive direct/indirect Coombs tests. In addition, agglutinative reaction was clinically observed. Based on further examinations, the patient was diagnosed with AIHA complicated with SLE, and mixed-type AIHA was clinically identified...
June 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841192/giant-cell-hepatitis-with-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-a-korean-infant
#19
Myung Hyun Cho, Hee Sun Park, Hye Seung Han, Sun Hwan Bae
Giant cell hepatitis (GCH) with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) is a very rare disease characterized by early onset and severe clinical manifestations, including immune hemolytic anemia and hepatitis with cholestasis. The prognosis is poor despite aggressive immunosuppressive therapy. We report here the first case of GCH with AHA in East Asia. A 2-month-old boy was admitted with jaundice. Blood test indicated abnormal liver function and low hemoglobin. Direct Coombs test and several autoantibodies associated with liver disease were positive, and liver biopsy was consistent with GCH...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829176/clinical-and-reference-lab-characteristics-of-patients-with-suspected-direct-antiglobulin-test-dat-negative-immune-hemolytic-anemia
#20
Matthew S Karafin, Gregory A Denomme, Michael Schanen, Jerome L Gottschall
Clinical evidence of warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia is present in 1 percent to 10 percent of patients whose direct antiglobulin test (DAT) is negative. The clinical underpinnings associated with DAT-negative immune hemolysis are poorly understood, and the current study aimed to further define the clinical characteristics associated with this form of anemia. A 19-question survey, requesting clinical information about each patient, was retrospectively mailed to all referring labs that had sent patient samples for an enhanced DAT evaluation from January 2011 through June 2013...
2015: Immunohematology
keyword
keyword
102314
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"